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Vocabulary

The Natural World Endangered


- Acid rain (chuva cida) - Air pollution (poluio do ar) - Climate change (mudana climtica) - Deforestation (desflorestao) - Depletion of the ozone layer (destruio da camada de ozono) - Domestic garbage (lixo domstico) - Drought (seca) - Endangered species (espcies ameaadas) - Environmental disaster (desastre ambiental) - Exhaust fumes (fumo do tubo de escape) - Flood (inundao) - Freshwater shortage (falta de gua potvel) - Global warming (aquecimento global) - Greenhouse effect (efeito de estufa) - Hurricane (ciclone, furaco) - Industrial waste (lixo industrial) - Land pollution (poluio da terra) - Landfill (lixeira) - Natural disasters (desastres naturais) - Noise / sound pollution (rudo / poluio sonora) - Nuclear waste (lixo nuclear) - Oil spill (Derramamento de crude) - Overpopulation (Excesso de populao) - Ozone hole (Buraco na camada de ozono) - Pesticides (pesticidas) - Pollution (poluio) - Rainforest destruction (destruio da floresta tropical) - Rubbish/ garbage / litter (lixo) - Species in danger of extinction (espcies em perigo de extino) - Water pollution (poluio da gua)

A. Put the words into the correct group. Climate change Freshwater shortage Death of animals Global warming Endangered species Industrial waste Environmental disaster Ozone depletion Exhaust fumes Pesticides Sewag e Rubbis h

Endangered World Causes Consequences

B. Use the words below to form new words. Pollution 1. Greenhouse ____________________ Waste Hole Effect Rain

2. Acid _____________________ 3. Nuclear _______________________

4. Noise ________________________ C. Match the words above with the definitions.

5. Ozone _______________________

1. Rain that contains chemicals that damage trees, crops and buildings. 2. Environmental noise that is annoying, distracting, or physically harmful. 3. An area of the ozone layer that periodically becomes depleted of ozone. 4. The gradual rise in temperature of the earths atmosphere, caused by an increase of gases, such as carbon dioxide in the air surrounding the earth, which trap the heat of the sun. 5. The used fuel rods, etc. that are produced when making nuclear power.

D. Find the word for each definition. 1. To keep safe from injury, harm, or destruction. (8 letters) 2. To use something again.(5 letters) 3. A large amount of water covering an area that is usually dry. (5 letters) 4. Something making land, water or sky dirty. (9 letters) 5. To make less rubbish.(6 letters) 6. To treat things, which have already been used so that they can be used again. (7 letters) 7. To watch and help an animal or the environment. (7 letters) 8. An area of land where large amounts of waste material are buried under the earth. (8 letters) 9. The act of cutting down or burning the trees in an area. (13 letters) 10.A violent storm with very strong winds. (9 letters)

E. Fill in the blanks with the words given. Problems Conservation Environment Depletion Pollution Environmental Ozone Warming

Environmental problems such as __________________ of natural resources, water ________________ and global _________________ have all resulted mainly from human activities. However, not all is lost; we can still do our part for the earth through ______________________ conservation. Environmental ___________________ is the careful use of natural resources to ensure that there is enough for the future and ensuring that damage done to the _______________ will be minimum.

Conservation

also

involves

minimizing

the

negative

impacts

caused

by

environmental ______________. For example, CFCs have caused the depletion of the _________________ layer.

Reading
Global Warming and Endangered Destinations
Many of our favourite travel destinations are in danger of being changed irrecoverably by increased temperatures and rising seas. The increase in global temperatures is expected to disrupt ecosystems and result in loss of species diversity, as species that cannot adapt die off. The first comprehensive assessment of the extinction risk from global warming found that more than one million species could be condemned to extinction by 2050 if global warming pollution is not curtailed. Some ecosystems, including alpine meadows in the Rocky Mountains, as well as tropical montane and mangrove forests, are likely to disappear because new warmer local climates or coastal sea level rise will not support them. According to the National Geographic Traveller, the snows of Africas Mount Kilimanjaro may vanish by mid-century, while portions of the Mesoamerican Barrier reef off Belize are already dying from warmer and other environmental changes. The cloud forest of Monteverde, Costa Rica, has already lost 20 frog species, and the mists that sustain the ecosystem are at risk. Meanwhile, warmer temperatures are turning Mediterranean beaches Saharan with 100-plus degree temperatures, while in the Western United States, the heat is forcing alpine flowers and marmots to move higher into the Rockies. Eventually, National Geographic says, theyll run out of mountain. The magazine adds that some destinations have already been destroyed by changing water levels around the globe. The Takuu people are being evacuated from their islands in Papua New Guinea because of rising seas and Lake Powell, in Utah, has shrunk to the point where it may never refill, the magazine says. However, environmental organizations believe there is still time to reverse the situation. It is up to each and every one of us. www.nrdc.orgnews.yahoo.com (abridged) A. Match the two halves to make complete sentences. 1. Global warming 2. Many species 3. The National Geographical Traveller says 4. High temperatures a) are in danger of extinction. b) it is possible to fight against the situation. c) are forcing plants and animals to change places. d) some places have destroyed. already been

5. Environmental organizations say

e) may change our planet forever.

B. Fill in the chart with information from the text. Environmental changes Causes for those changes Situation in 2050 Ecosystems likely disappear Places beyond repair

to or

protection C. Match the words with their equivalents: 1. Irrecoverably before 2. Assessment 3. Vanish 4. Evacuated 5. Refill b) disappear c) without the possibility to get back. d) evaluation e) moved to a safer place. a) have the same quantity of water as

D. Find in the first two paragraphs of the text words/expressions that mean the same as: 1. At risk _________________ 2. Cause _____________ E. Complete the sentences according to the text. 1. In 2. The 3. Due some years extinction to it of the wont many be possible species heat, ____________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ 4. In spite of all this, _____________________________________________________________ F. Answer the questions. 1. What is causing numerous environmental changes in our planet? 2. What are the consequences for many ecosystems? 3. In your opinion, why does National Geographic Traveller call our attention to these issues? 4. Can global warming be stopped? Justify your answer. G. Find opposites for the following nouns. problems 3. Limited ___________________ 4. Expected _______________

1. Increase (l.1) 2. Loss (l. 3) 3. Diversity (l. 4) 4. Extinction (l.4)