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2/17/13

NASA - STS-82

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Mission Archives
STS82 Mission:SecondHSTServicing SpaceShuttle:Discovery LaunchPad:39A Launched:February11,19973:55:17a.m.EST LandingSite:KennedySpaceCenter,Florida Landing:February21,1997,3:32a.m.EST Runway:15 RolloutDistance:7,066feet RolloutTime:60seconds Revolution:150 MissionDuration:9days,23hours,37minutes,9seconds OrbitAltitude:360statutemiles OrbitInclination:28.45degrees MilesTraveled:4.1million CrewMembers

Imageabove:STS82CrewphotowithCommanderKennethD.Bowersox,PilotScottJ.Horowitz,MissionSpecialists MarkC.Lee,StevenA.Hawley,GregoryJ.Harbaugh,StevenL.SmithandJosephR.Tanner.ImageCredit:NASA MissionHighlights STS82demonstratedanewthecapabilityofthespaceshuttletoserviceorbitingspacecraftaswellas thebenefitsofhumanspaceflight.Asixmembercrewcompletedservicingandupgradingofthe HubbleSpaceTelescope(HST)duringfourplannedextravehicularactivities(EVAs)andthen performedafifthunscheduledspacewalktorepairinsulationonthetelescope. HSTdeployedinApril1990duringSTS31.Itwasdesignedtoundergoperiodicservicingand upgradingoverits15yearlifespan,withfirstservicingperformedduringSTS61inDecember1993.Hawley,who originallydeployedthetelescope,operatedtheorbiterRemoteManipulatorSystemarmonSTS82toretrieveHSTfora secondservicingat3:34a.m.EST,Feb.13,andpositioneditinthepayloadbaylessthanhalfanhourlater. Relyingonmorethan150toolsandcrewaids,LeeandSmithperformedEVAs1,3and5,andHarbaughandTannerdid
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2/17/13

NASA - STS-82

EVAs2and4.EVA1beganat11:34p.m.EST,Feb.13,andlastedsixhours,42minutes.OneofHubble'ssolararrays wasunexpectedlydisturbedbyagustofairfromDiscovery'sairlockwhenitwasdepressurized,butwasnotdamaged. LeeandSmithremovedtwoscientificinstrumentsfromHubble,theGoddardHighResolutionSpectrograph(GHRS)and FaintObjectSpectrograph(FOS),andreplacedthemwiththeSpaceTelescopeImagingSpectrograph(STIS)andNear InfraredCameraandMultiObjectSpectrometer(NICMOS),respectively.STISexpectedtoshedfurtherlighton supermassiveblackholes.NICMOSfeaturesmorecapableinfrareddetectorsandwillgiveastronomerstheirfirstclear viewoftheuniverseatnearinfraredwavelengthsbetween0.8and2.5micrometers. EVA2beganat10:25p.m.,Feb.14,andlastedsevenhours,27minutes.HarbaughandTannerreplacedadegraded FineGuidanceSensorandafailedEngineeringandScienceTapeRecorderwithnewspares.Alsoinstalledanewunit calledtheOpticalControlElectronicsEnhancementKit,whichwillfurtherincreasethecapabilityoftheFineGuidance Sensor.DuringthisEVAastronautsnotedcrackingandwearonthermalinsulationonsideoftelescopefacingthesunand inthedirectionoftravel. EVA3beganat9:53p.m.,Feb.15,andlastedsevenhours,11minutes.LeeandSmithremovedandreplacedaData InterfaceUnitonHubble,aswellasanoldreeltoreelstyleEngineeringandScienceTapeRecorderwithanewdigital SolidStateRecorder(SSR)thatwillallowsimultaneousrecordingandplaybackofdata.Alsochangedoutoneoffour ReactionWheelAssemblyunitsthatusespinmomentumtomovethetelescopetowardatargetandmaintainitinastable position.AfterthisEVA,missionmanagersdecidedtoaddEVA5torepairthethermalinsulationonHST. EVA4beganat10:45p.m.,Feb.16,andlastedsixhours,34minutes.HarbaughandTannerreplacedaSolarArrayDrive ElectronicspackagewhichcontrolsthepositioningofHubble'ssolararrays.AlsoreplacedwerecoversoverHubble's magnetometersandthermalblanketsofmultilayermaterialovertwoareasofdegradedinsulationaroundthelightshield portionofthetelescopejustbelowthetopoftheobservatory.Meanwhile,insideDiscovery,HorowitzandLeeworkedon themiddecktofabricatenewinsulationblanketsforHST. Finalspacewalk,EVA5,lastedfivehours,17minutes.LeeandSmithattachedseveralthermalinsulationblanketsto threeequipmentcompartmentsatthetopoftheSupportSystemsModulesectionofthetelescopewhichcontainkeydata processing,electronicsandscientificinstrumenttelemetrypackages.STS82EVAtotaled33hours,11minutesabouttwo hoursshyoftotalEVAtimerecordedonthefirstservicingmission. Discovery'smaneuveringjetsfiredseveraltimesduringthemissiontoreboostthetelescope'sorbitbyeightnauticalmiles. HubbleredeployedonFeb.19at1:41a.m.andisnowoperatingatthehighestaltitudeithaseverflown,a335by321 nauticalmileorbit.Initialcheckoutofnewinstrumentsandequipmentduringmissionshowedallwereperforming nominally.Calibrationoftwonewscienceinstrumentswastotakeplaceoveraperiodofseveralweekswithfirstimages anddataanticipatedinabout8to10weeks.Twomoreservicingaremissionsplannedfor1999and2002. PerformanceofDiscoverywasnominalthroughoutthemission.

NASA'sJohnF.KennedySpaceCenter Findthisarticleat: http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/shuttle/shuttlemissions/archives/sts82.html

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