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INTRODUCTION:Kupwara District is the backward frontier District of Jammu & Kashmir, full of scenic beauty.

District Kupwara was carved out form erstwhile District Baramulla in the year 1979. Kupwara District is situated in the state of Dark forests and rich wild life it noteworthy from tourism and wildlife point of view. District Kupwara was carved out from erstwhile District Baramulla in the year 1979. Nature has been very kind to Kupwara. The District Headquarter Kupwara is situated at a distance of 90 kms from the summer capital of state, i.e. Srinagar. As per 2001 India census, kupwara had a population of 14,711. males constitute 61percent of the population and females 39percent. Kupwara has an average literacy rate of 55percent which is lower than the national average of 59.5percent. District Kupwara was originally part of erstwhile undivided Barmaulla District. District Kupwara was carved out of district Baramulla in July 1979. people of this district have a painful experience of partition of India and unnatural division of the state. Kupwara District has got 4 colleges, 22 Higher Secondary Schools and 1289 Educational Institutions. Occupying an area of 2379 sq. km, Kupwara District (5300 m above sea level) is encircled by the Line of control in the northwest and Baramulla District in the South

In Kupwara, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age. Majority of the People of Muslim while there is small community of Sikhs in both Kupwara and Handwara Tehsils. Kashmiris are the largest ethnic group followed by Paharis and Gujjars. In Kupwara and Handwara Tehsil Kashmiris form the majority and Gujjars and paharis live in upper areas of these regions. However paharis speaking people for majority in remote and hilly Tehsil of Karnah. There are three badpocket areas, namely Machil, Keran and Karnah located near L.O.C which remain land locked for more than six months in a year. There are some other areas located at barbed distances and remain cut off from District Headquarter for a considerable time. Like Kumkadi, Lashdat, Jumgund, Kethanwali and Budnambal. The district is located between 730-16 North latitude and between 340-21 East longitude. The total area covered by the District is and is located at an altitude of 5300ft above the see level. Educational Scenario:Kupwara has a literacy rate of 50.50%. The district has got 04 Higher Education Institutions 22 Higher Secondary School and 1289 educational institutions. Govt. Degree College Kupwara is the largest college in the District with total enrollment exceeding 3000. New private English medium schools are also creeping up. Education has become common in modern times. School Education : Primary Schools Middle Schools High Schools Higher Sec. Schools Higher & Technical Education Colleges ITIs 04 04 913 625 61 40

Facts & Figures Area Area under Forests Latitude Longitude Average Altitude Population (1981) Male Female Literacy Rate No. of Tehsils No. of blocks No. of Villages 2379 1651 between 730.10and 730-16 North between 340.17and 340-21 East 5300 feet from the sea level 3.29 lakhs 1.77 lakhs 1.62 lakhs 55% 3 11 369 NEED AND IMPORTANCE To find out the factors which render the Zone Karalpora Kupwara educationally backward and that cause fall in the literacy level in the zone Karalpora. To highlight the issue and problems faced by the educational zone Karalpora in the educational process. To suggest the ways for the improvement of education in the District and methods to combat the decreasing enrollment and educational standard in the schools of zone Karalpora. As the fate of the country lies on girls their upliftment can bring about the social change. The investigator being the local resident of Kralpora zone of Kupwara district feels it feasible to se the educational scenario of Zone as no study of such is conducted so far. To fill the vaccum the investigation will attempt modesty for the same. Statement of Problem : Educational Scenario of District Kupwara A case study Zone Kralpora, Kupwara Kashmir



To study the educational scenario of Zone Kralpora with special reference to Girls To study the factors affecting educational backwardness the people of zone To provide suggestions for the educational upliftment of the zone Kralpora,


Kralpora, Kupwara. 3. Kupwara.

METHODOLOGY :For collection of the data survey method, Historical method and collection method will be used. The investigator will visits all the school to get the relevant data.

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