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Document title:

Design Calculation

Jetty Structure

of

Terminal C

title: Design Calculation Jetty Structure of Terminal C 0 05.06.2012 Issued for approval Storm REV. DATE
title: Design Calculation Jetty Structure of Terminal C 0 05.06.2012 Issued for approval Storm REV. DATE
title: Design Calculation Jetty Structure of Terminal C 0 05.06.2012 Issued for approval Storm REV. DATE
title: Design Calculation Jetty Structure of Terminal C 0 05.06.2012 Issued for approval Storm REV. DATE

0

05.06.2012

Issued for approval

Storm

REV.

DATE

DESCRIPTION

PREP’D

CHK’D

APP’D

Client:

NIGERIAN PORTS AUTHORITY

CHK’D APP’D C l i e n t : NIGERIAN PORTS AUTHORITY Consultant: YOLAS CONSULTANTS Contractor:

Consultant:

YOLAS CONSULTANTS

t : NIGERIAN PORTS AUTHORITY Consultant: YOLAS CONSULTANTS Contractor: JULIUS BERGER P r o j e

Contractor:

JULIUS BERGER

PORTS AUTHORITY Consultant: YOLAS CONSULTANTS Contractor: JULIUS BERGER P r o j e c t :

Project:

WARRI PORT REHABILITATION

Warri Port Rehabilitation

Part:

Design Calculation

Document No: 07 01 1 23 001

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Date: 05.06.2012

Revision Log

Revision Description Pages revised
Revision
Description
Pages revised

Warri Port Rehabilitation

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Document No: 07 01 1 23 001

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Section No.

Description

Page

1 Introduction

5

2 Facility

5

3 Codes and Standards

 

7

4 Subsoil conditions

7

5 Material

8

5.1

Concrete

8

5.1.1 Strength Grade

 

8

5.1.2 Concrete Cover

8

5.1.3 Reinforcement

8

5.2

Partial Safety Factors

8

6 Software

10

7 Loading

10

7.1

Quayside

10

7.1.1

Dead Load

10

7.1.2

Life Load

10

7.1.3 Mooring Loads

 

10

7.1.4 Berthing load

10

Max reaction force = 2*553 = 1106 kN

12

7.2

Load combinations

13

8 Design Section 1

 

14

 

8.1 Preface

14

8.2 Design Section

14

8.3 Predesign evaluations

15

8.3.1 Estimation of anchor elasticity

 

15

8.3.2 Distribution of bollard load

15

8.3.3 Additional Loads for the sheet pile design

16

8.4

Calculation

17

8.4.1 Preface

 

17

8.4.2 Wall calculation

17

8.4.3 Check of Profile

20

8.4.4 Intermediate Sheet piling

20

8.4.5 Selection of anchor

21

8.4.6 Anchor wall

21

8.4.7 Anchor wall

22

8.5

Sketch with

results

23

9 Section 2

24

9.1

Preface

24

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9.2 Design Section

 

24

9.3 Predesign evaluations

25

9.4 Calculation

 

26

 

9.4.1 Preface

 

26

9.4.2 Wall calculation

 

26

9.4.3 Results of electronic calculation

28

9.4.4 Check of Profile

29

9.4.5 Intermediate Sheet piling

29

9.4.6 Selection of anchor

29

9.4.7 Anchor wall

 

29

9.4.8 Anchor wall

31

9.5

Sketch with

results

31

 

9.5.1

Results

32

9.6

Options for

optimisation of Section 2

33

 

9.6.1 Check of Profile

 

33

9.6.2 Intermediate Sheet piling

33

9.6.3 Selection of anchor

33

9.6.4 Anchor wall

 

34

9.6.5 Anchor wall

35

9.6.6 Conclusion

35

10 Construction stage

36

11 Wingwall

38

11.1 Preface

 

38

11.2 Elevation

38

11.3 Cantilever wing wall

39

11.4 Anchored wing wall section

40

12 Design of capping beam

 

44

12.1 Preface

 

44

12.2 Size and loadings

44

12.3 Connection to king piles

45

12.4 Insitu beam design

47

12.5 PC-U-Beam

 

49

12.6 Reinforcement sketches

50

13

Conclusion

 

50

Warri Port Rehabilitation

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1 Introduction

The following calculation proofs the waterfront structures which are proposed to use for the reconstruction of the Terminal C. Changes due to additional requirements or agreements with the client in respect to the minimising of the quantities are considered in this calculation.

Further detailed design issues for connections and reinforcement are investigated in the following. Instead of use the tendered “Peine Piling system” it is foreseen to install the “Arcelor Piling system” and to consider a higher steel quality (S430 instead of S355). The following items of the “Arcelor system” are foreseen:

king piles: HZM1080A (S430) and HZM 880A (S430) Intermediate piles: AZ 14/770 (SW355) Anchor wall AU 25 (S355)

Following additional changes are required in the design:

Bollard load of 800 kN instead of 600 kN

No additional anchor at bollards

2 Facility

The present berth structure Terminal C was constructed in the late 1970’s. Due to the serve damages at the sheet piles and at the capping beam and heavy settlements at the Land side the stability of the structure could not be verified. Further the berth should be upgraded for a water depth of 10m below CD. Therefore the whole berth with a length of about 500 m will be equipped with a new sheet piling system. The system contains a main king pile wall anchored by lightly inclined tie rods and a continuous anchor wall. The king pile wall is equipped by a concrete capping beam which bears the fender and mooring equipment. The system of the berth consists of two different Sections depending on the encountered subsoil condition. The Section 1 covers a length of 300 m, the Section 2 a length of 180m.

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LAYOUT:

Section 1 Section 2
Section 1
Section 2

TYPICAL SECTION:

Acc, to Tender

LAYOUT: Section 1 Section 2 TYPICAL SECTION: Acc, to Tender 07 01 1 23 001 design

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3 Codes and Standards

The design is based on the following standards:

Engineering Drawings and Details prepared by Yolas Consultants (MAY 2011) EAU 2004 Recommendations of the Committee for waterfront structures, harbours and waterways DIN 1045-1 Structural use of Concrete

4 Subsoil conditions

Subsoil strategraphy and soil conditions according to „Geotechnical Interpretative Report „ (TB-GEO/April 10,2012)

Interpretative Report „ (TB-GEO/April 10,2012) 07 01 1 23 001 design Calculation.docx GmbH Page 7 of

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The following water levels are specified:

HHWL +1,6 m (Warri Datum)

LWL

+ 0,0 m (Warri Datum)

GW

+1,1 m (Warri Datum) in the design considered by +1,5m.

5

Material

5.1 Concrete

The design of the concrete structures is executed according to the requirements of BS

6349 which refers to BS 5400.

5.1.1 Strength Grade

The following concrete strengths as specified in BS EN 206 will be used for the

construction:

Concrete Grade C32/40 with a characteristic compressive strength at 28 days 40.0

N/mm² for reinforced concrete.

5.1.2 Concrete Cover

structural

Exposure

 

Min. concrete

element

class

required cover [mm]

grade

Insitu concrete

XS 3

60

(exposed to air)

C32/40

XS 3

30

(exp. to concrete)

C32/40

Precast elements

XS 3

60

(exposed to air)

C32/40

XS 3

30

(exp. to concrete)

C32/40

5.1.3 Reinforcement

The design is based on hot rolled high yield deformed reinforcement bars grade 500 in

accordance with BS 4449.

strength grade 500: yield strength 500 N/mm 2

5.2 Partial Safety Factors

For sheet piling design

Partial Safety factors acc. to EAU and DIN 1054/2005

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Document No: 07 01 1 23 001 Rev: 0 Date: 05.06.2012 Structural steel γ m =
Document No: 07 01 1 23 001 Rev: 0 Date: 05.06.2012 Structural steel γ m =

Structural steel γ m = 1.1

For concrete design

Concrete

Reinforcement γ m = 1.15

γ m = 1.5

Warri Port Rehabilitation

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6

Software

Various software will be used for the structural analysis depending on the investigated

structural problem. The sheet pile wall structure will be analyzed by means of the

software developed by DC-Software, Munich, Germany. Generally MICROSOFT Excel sheets will be used to facilitate calculations of repetitive

nature.

7

7.1

Loading

Quayside

7.1.1 Dead Load

For reinforced concrete a dead load of 25 kN/m³ shall be used.

7.1.2 Life Load

On the quayside a general live load of 50 kN/m² is specified.

7.1.3 Mooring Loads

For the berth 800 kN bollards are required.

7.1.4 Berthing load

The following vessel are specified

7.1.4 Berthing load The following vessel are specified 07 01 1 23 001 design Calculation.docx GmbH

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Calculation of necessary absorption energy (by Fender Team)

Calculation of necessary absorp tion energy (by Fender Team) 07 01 1 23 001 design Calculation.docx

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Document No: 07 01 1 23 001 Rev: 0 Date: 05.06.2012 Selected Fender system Max reaction

Selected Fender system

23 001 Rev: 0 Date: 05.06.2012 Selected Fender system Max reaction force = 2*553 = 1106

Max reaction force = 2*553 = 1106 kN

Max absorption energy = 2* 203 = 406 kNm

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7.2 Load combinations

For the Design two load combinations are investigated:

Loadcomb 1 (max Live load, max water pressure, max water depth)- decisive for wall length Loadcomb 2 ( as Loadcomb.1 + hawser pull) decisive for anchor force

Both load combinations belong to loading case 2 “rare Combinations” acc. to EAU. The corresponding safety factors are considered in the design.

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8 Design Section 1

8.1 Preface

The Section 1 is valid for the South area of the berth for a length of about 300 m. The length is specified in the Tender drawings and the corresponding soil profile is evaluated in the GIR. The Soil profile in Section 1 is more favourable for the Sheet piling System as the Soil profile in Section 2.

8.2 Design Section

System as the Soil profile in Section 2. 8.2 Design Section 07 01 1 23 001

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8.3 Predesign evaluations

8.3.1 Estimation of anchor elasticity

Due to the very long anchors the elasticity of the anchors is evaluated. The elasticity of

the anchorage is important for the load distribution of the bollard load and the moment

calculation of the sheet piling structure.

Spring rate K = E x A/ l

E

= 2.1 *10 5 N/mm²

A

=

90²x 3,14/4 = 6360 mm²

L

= 30 m

K

= 44500 N/mm = 44,5 MN/m

8.3.2 Distribution of bollard load

Depending on the stiffness of the concrete head beam and the elasticity of the supporting anchorage the bollard load is distributed over several anchors. The

determination of the load distribution a continuous beam supported by Springs

(Anchors) is investigated.

The distance of the supports are 2,07 m as the spacing of the anchorage and the beam itself is considered by 1,4mx1,4m (size of the insitu concrete of head beam, continuous

reinforced).

The bollard load is considered with 800 kN (characteristic load)

System of head beam

with 800 kN (characteristic load) System of head beam 07 01 1 23 001 design Calculation.docx

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Load distribution due to capping beam (Shear force)

Load distribution due to capping beam (Shear force) The Anchor load is distributed due to the
Load distribution due to capping beam (Shear force) The Anchor load is distributed due to the
Load distribution due to capping beam (Shear force) The Anchor load is distributed due to the

The Anchor load is distributed due to the head beam to about 10 anchors with a

maximum load of 130 kN per anchor.

8.3.3 Additional Loads for the sheet pile design

Bollard Due to the hawser pull and the bollard height of about 50 cm a moment will be

transferred to the top sheet piling.

Horizontal force for sheetpile design 130/2,07 = 63 kN/m Moment 64*0,5 = 32 kNm/m

Selfweight

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For the Check of the sheet piles the normalforce due to dead load is considered

Normal force in sheet pile at max M Due to earth pressure and deadweight of wall automatic considered by PC software

Due to capping beam

Due to anchor

1,8*1,6*25 = 72 kN/m

500 * tan 5° = 45 kN/m

8.4

Calculation

8.4.1 Preface

The Sheet piling is calculated by means of the Software DC-PIT. The relevant data of

the calculation are printed below – the whole calculation is tabled in the attachment.

The wall itself is considered as full restrained in the soil. For the sheet piling Structure the ARCELOR Profile HZ 880M A-12/AZ 14-770 are

foreseen. For the Design two loadcombinations are investigated:

LC1 (max Live load, max water pressure, max water depth)- decisive for wall length

LC 2 ( as LC1 + hawser pull) decisive for anchor force

I

8.4.2

Wall calculation

Loadcomb 1

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Document No: 07 01 1 23 001 Rev: 0 Date: 05.06.2012 Load comb 2 07 01

Load comb 2

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Document No: 07 01 1 23 001 Rev: 0 Date: 05.06.2012 Results of electronic calculation 07
Document No: 07 01 1 23 001 Rev: 0 Date: 05.06.2012 Results of electronic calculation 07

Results of electronic calculation

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Load

Load case

Md

Nd

L

Ak

Ad

Lk

Ad/2,07m

comb

Acc. to EAU

wall

wall

   

(kN/m)

(kN)

(m)

(kN/m)

(kN/m)

(m)

(kN)

1

2

1630

-430

23,8

450

622

26,3

1290

2

2

1534

-440

23,7

522

722

27,9

1500

8.4.3

Check of Profile

 

Selected Profile HZ 880M A-12/AZ 14-770 (S430)

A = 292,4 / 2,067 = 141 cm²/m

Wy = 4830 cm³/m

Check

440/141 * 10 + 1630/4830*10³ = 31,2 + 337,4 = 368,7 MN/m²

368,7/430*1,1 = 0,94 < 1,0

8.4.4 Intermediate Sheet piling

Selected AZ 14 /770 S 355

Check of length of intermediate sheet piles

(recommendation acc. to EAU 1990 2,5 m below sea bed)

Length are calculated with check of hydraulic failure

Check of hydraulic failure Considered pile toe at -13,1 (pile length 15 m)

failure Considered pile toe at -13,1 (pile length 15 m) 07 01 1 23 001 design

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8.4.5 Selection of anchor

For the anchorage anchor of grade 500 are foreseen:

Max Ad = 1500 kN selected upset anchor grade 500 M90 (Rd = 1624 kN)

8.4.6 Anchor wall

For the anchor wall a dead man system is considered.

With the check of the lower failure plane the required depth of the anchor is evaluated. For the check the biggest anchor force are considered. The soil conditions for the wall

are considered as uniform with a friction angle of 35° due to the compaction of the fill

and the subsoil compaction by pile driving this assumption is verified. The LL is

considered by 20 kN/m².

The check is executed by means of a excel-calculation sheet.

Design acc. to EAU 2006 8.4.9.7 Safety against Failure of Anchoring Soil

Conditions:

One soil layer with Ground water Limit State Case 1B Failure of structure

 

INPUT CELLS

 

RESUT CELLS

 

Symbol

description

unit

value

Soil parameters

φ'

friction

(°)

35

γ

weight

(kN/m³)

20

γ' Geometry parameters

weight

(kN/m³)

11

 

h

wall toe below GS

(m)

7,3

h'

GW below GS

(m)

2

P

uniform live load for selction of safety parameters Load case

(kN/m²)

20

Load case

 

LC

(1/2/3)

2

Anchor force

Ad

Design anchorforce

(kN/m)

722

Design Vaues

γEP

earth resistance Permanent actions variable actions kah ( δ = 2/3 phi)

()

1,3

γG

()

1,2

γQ

()

1,3

()

0,22

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Eph,k kph ( δ = 0) active earth pressure (soil) active earth pressure (Live Load)
Eph,k
kph ( δ = 0)
active earth pressure (soil)
active earth pressure (Live Load)
passive earthpressure
()
3,69
Eah,k (G)
(kN/m)
67
Eah,k (P)
(kN/m)
33
(kN/m)
1109
check
Rd/Ed
()
1,01
OK
p
h‘
GW
h
Ad
Eah
Eph
ϑ
a( δ =2/3 φ )
ϑ
p( δ =0)
The required toe of the wall is 7,2 m below surface. By consideration of a 5m long wall
the
top of wall is CD+1,3m and the anchor elevation at CD -1,2 m.

Check of the passive friction angle by the verification of the equilibrium of the vertical

forces (Characteristic).

V

anchor = 522* tan 5,5° = 50 kN/m

V

active earth pressure = (67+33)*tan 23.3° = 43 kN/m

V

dead weight of wall = 5* 1,5 = 7,5 kN

43+7,5 = 50,5 > 50 OK

8.4.7 Anchor wall

Wall length 5 m

Md wall = (722/5,0 )*(5,0/2)²/2 = 451 kNm

Nec W (S355) = 451/0,355*1,1 = 1398 cm³

Propoased profile:

AU 20 (S355) (wy = 2000 cm³) (same profile will be used for Section 2 too)

Selected Profile AU 25 (Arcelor proposal)

Walling

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Walling force Wd = 722 kN/m Md = 722*2,07²/10 = 309 kNm Nec W (S355) = 309/0,355*1,1 = 957 cm³ Proposed 2* U 300 (S355) (W = 1070cm³) Selected Profile 2U 320 (Arcelor proposal)

8.5 Sketch with results

Profile 2U 320 (Arcelor proposal) 8.5 Sketch with results 07 01 1 23 001 design Calculation.docx

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9 Section 2

9.1 Preface

The Section 2 is valid for the North area of the berth for a length of about 180 m. The length is specified in the Tender drawings and the corresponding soil profile is evaluated in the GIR. The Soil profile in Section 2 is more unfavourable for the Sheet piling System as the Soil profile in Section 1. Therefore heavier profiles will be necessary.

9.2 Design Section

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Document No: 07 01 1 23 001 Rev: 0 Date: 05.06.2012 9.3 Predesign evaluations For the

9.3 Predesign evaluations

For the Section 2 the same pre-design evaluations and loadings are valid as for

Section1.

Horizontal force for sheetpile design 130/2,07 = 63 kN/m Moment 64*0,5 = 32 kNm/m Due to earth pressure and deadweight of wall automatic considered by PC software Due to capping beam 1,8*1,6*25 = 72 kN/m Due to anchor 500 * tan 5° = 45 kN/m

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9.4

Calculation

9.4.1 Preface

The Sheet piling is calculated by means of the Software DC-PIT. The relevant data of

the calculation are printed below – the whole calculation is tabled in the attachment.

For the sheet piling Structure the ARCELOR Profile HZ 1080M A-12/AZ 14-770 are foreseen. The pile toe shall be at elevation -24m (pile 100% restrained)

For the Design two loadcombinations are investigated:

LC1 (max Live load, max water pressure, max water depth)- decisive for wall length LC 2 (as LC1 + hawser pull) decisive for anchor force

9.4.2 Wall calculation

Load comb 1

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Document No: 07 01 1 23 001 Rev: 0 Date: 05.06.2012 Load comb 2 07 01
Document No: 07 01 1 23 001 Rev: 0 Date: 05.06.2012 Load comb 2 07 01

Load comb 2

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Document No: 07 01 1 23 001 Rev: 0 Date: 05.06.2012 9.4.3 Results of el ectronic
Document No: 07 01 1 23 001 Rev: 0 Date: 05.06.2012 9.4.3 Results of el ectronic

9.4.3

Results of electronic calculation

 

Load

Load case Acc. to EAU

Md

Nd

Lw

Ak

Ad

Lk

Ad/2,07m

comb

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(kN/m)

(kN)

(m)

(kN)

(kN/m)

(m)

(kN)

1

2

1983

- 406

27,2

505

703

30,2

1457

2

2

1876

-408

27

578

813

31,9

1682

9.4.4

Check of Profile

 

Selected Profile HZ 1080M A-12/AZ 14-770 (S430)

A = 371/2,07 = 179 cm²/m

Wy = 7080 cm³/m 406/179 * 10 + 1983/7080*10³ = 22,8 + 280 = 302,8 MN/m²

302,8/430*1,1 =0,77 < 1,0

9.4.5 Intermediate Sheet piling

Selected AZ 14 /770 S 355

Check of length of intermediate sheet piles (recommendation acc. to EAU 1990 2,5 m below sea bed)

Length are calculated with check of hydraulic failure

Check of hydraulic failure - Considered pile toe at -13,1 (pile length 15 m)

failure - Considered pile toe at -13,1 (pile length 15 m) 9.4.6 Selection of anchor For

9.4.6 Selection of anchor

For the anchorage anchor of grade 500 are foreseen:

Max Ad = 1682 kN selected upset anchor grade 500 M95 (Rd = 1822 kN)

9.4.7 Anchor wall

For the anchor wall a dead man system is considered.

With the check of the lower failure plane the required depth of the anchor is evaluated. For the check the biggest anchor force are considered. The soil conditions for the wall

are considered as uniform with a friction angle of 35° due to the compaction of the fill and the subsoil compaction by pile driving this assumption is verified. The LL is

considered by 20 kN/m². The check is executed by means of a excel-calculation sheet.

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Document No: 07 01 1 23 001 Rev: 0 Date: 05.06.2012 The required toe of the

The required toe of the wall is 8 m below surface. By consideration of a 6m long wall the top of wall is CD+1,5m and the anchor elevation at CD -1,5 m.

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Check of the passive friction angle by the verification of the equilibrium of the vertical

forces (Characteristic).

V

anchor = 578* tan 5,4° = 55 kN/m

V

active earth pressure = (80+36)*tan 23.3° = 50 kN/m

V

dead weight of wall = 6* 1,5 = 9 kN/m

50+9

= 5) > 50 OK

9.4.8

Anchor wall

Wall length 6 m

Md wall = (813/6,0 )*(6,0/2)²/2 = 609 kNm

Nec W (S355) = 609/0,355*1,1 = 1889 cm³

Proposed profile

AU 20 (S355) (wy = 2000 cm³) (same profile will be used for Section 2 too)

Selected Profile AU 25 (Arcelor Proposal)

Walling

Walling force Wd = 813 kN/m

Md = 813*2,07²/10 = 348 kNm

Nec W (S355) = 348/0,355*1,1 = 1078 cm³

Proposed 2* U 300 (S355) (W = 1070cm³)

Selected Profile 2U 320 (Arcelor proposal)

9.5 Sketch with results

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Document No: 07 01 1 23 001 Rev: 0 Date: 05.06.2012 9.5.1 Results As proofed the

9.5.1 Results As proofed the utilisation of the main wall is not very high – for the optimisation

of the wall the wall length could be reduced (restrain grade reduced) in respect to the increasing anchor forces.

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9.6 Options for optimisation of Section 2

In order to create a higher utilization of the Sheet piling profile the restrain grade is

reduced to 80% which leads to a shorter wall

In the following the checks for the reduced restrain grade is executed.

Results of electronic calculation

Load

Load case

Md

Nd

Lw

Ak

Ad

Lk

Ad/2,07m

comb

Acc. to EAU

   

(kN/m)

(kN)

(m)

(kN)

(kN/m)

(m)

(kN)

1

2

2173

-412

26

527

703

30,2

1578

2

2

2060

-415

25,8

599

813

32

1798

9.6.1

Check of Profile

 

Selected Profile HZ 1080M A-12/AZ 14-770 (S430)

A = 371/2,07 = 179 cm²/m

Wy = 7080 cm³/m

412/179 * 10 + 2173/7080*10³ = 23 + 307 = 330 MN/m² 330/430*1,1 =0,84 < 1,0

9.6.2 Intermediate Sheet piling

Selected AZ 14 /770 S 355

Check of length of intermediate sheet piles (recommendation acc. to EAU 1990 2,5 m below sea bed)

Length are calculated with check of hydraulic failure

Check of hydraulic failure

Considered pile toe at -13,1 (pile length 15 m)

failure Considered pile toe at -13,1 (pile length 15 m) 9.6.3 Selection of anchor For the

9.6.3 Selection of anchor

For the anchorage anchor of grade 500 are foreseen:

Max Ad = 1798kN selected upset anchor grade 500 M95 (Rd = 1822 kN)

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9.6.4 Anchor wall

For the anchor wall a dead man system is considered.

With the check of the lower failure plane the required depth of the anchor is evaluated.

plane th e required depth of the anchor is evaluated. 07 01 1 23 001 design

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The required toe of the wall is 8 m below surface. By consideration of a 6m long wall the

top of wall is CD+1,5m and the anchor elevation at CD -1,5 m.

Check of the passive friction angle by the verification of the equilibrium of the vertical

forces (Characteristic).

V

anchor = 599* tan 5,4° = 57 kN/m

V

active earth pressure = (80+36)*tan 23.3° = 50 kN/m

V

dead weight of wall = 6* 1,5 = 9 kN/m

50+9 = 59 > 57 OK

9.6.5 Anchor wall

Wall length 6 m

Md wall = (868/6,0 )*(6,0/2)²/2 = 651 kNm

Nec W (S355) = 651/0,355*1,1 = 2017 cm³

proposed profile

AU 20 (S355) (wy = 2000 cm³)

Walling

Walling force Wd = 868 kN/m

Md = 868*2,07²/10 = 372 kNm

Nec W (S355) = 372/0,355*1,1 = 1152 cm³

proposed 2 U 320 (S355) (w=1358 cm³)

9.6.6 Conclusion

With the selected Sheet piling profile the piling length could be reduced by 1 m without

changing the anchorage system.

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10 Construction stage

Due to the installation of the new sheet piling structure in front of the existing and the partial dismantling of the existing the new structure has to secure the stability meantime without anchor. In the following it is proofed the loading conditions for these construction stage in order not minimise the deflection of the cantilever system to 10 cm at the top of wall. The purpose is to guaranty the use of the PC elements of the headbeam. The investigation is executed for the condition of Section 1 with the small wall profile.

The following Construction sequence are foreseen:

Installation of King piles

Installation of intermediated sheet piling

Check of sea bed – ensure sea bed elevation of -5,0m (possible fill)

Fill of gab between new and old wall up to Elevation 0,0 m

Partial excavation at anchor wall

Installation of anchor wall

Remove of subsoil up to 0,0 m over 10 m length

Dismantling of existing capping beam and removal of existing anchors if necessary

Installation of new Anchor

Refill to final elevation

Installation of capping beam

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Document No: 07 01 1 23 001 Rev: 0 Date: 05.06.2012 Result: Due to the above
Document No: 07 01 1 23 001 Rev: 0 Date: 05.06.2012 Result: Due to the above

Result: Due to the above described construction sequence the deformation of the wall is in the specified limit.

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11 Wingwall

11.1 Preface

The wing wall secures the sheet piling structure to the South. For the neighbouring embankment a design is not yet existing – for the wing wall design it is assumed that the embankment is sloped 1:2 and protected by an adequate system.

11.2 Elevation

1:2 and protected by an adequate system. 11.2 Elevation 07 01 1 23 001 design Calculation.docx

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11.3 Cantilever wing wall

For the area of a height less than 7 m a cantilever system is designed. The loading and the soil properties are considered as for Section 1. Due to the capping beam the loads will be distributed of the whole wall. Therefore for the design a height of 5,5 m is considered.

Therefore for the design a height of 5,5 m is considered. 07 01 1 23 001
Therefore for the design a height of 5,5 m is considered. 07 01 1 23 001

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Profile Check (HZ 880N A-12/AZ14-770) S430 σ = 1534/4830*10³= 317 N/mm² < 430/1,1 = 390 N/mm² Wall length 17 m

11.4 Anchored wing wall section

For the area of a height of 7m to 14 m an anchored system is designed. The loadings and the soil properties are considered as for Section 1. Due to the capping beam the loads will be distributed of the whole wall. Therefore for the design a height of 11 m is considered.

Theref ore for the design a height of 11 m is considered. 07 01 1 23

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Document No: 07 01 1 23 001 Rev: 0 Date: 05.06.2012 Profile Check (HZ 880N A-12/AZ14-770)

Profile Check (HZ 880N A-12/AZ14-770) S430 σ =837/4830*10³= 173 N/mm² < 430/1,1 = 390 N/mm² Wall length 20 m (1 m more than calculated because of scour)

Anchor Ak = 317 kN/m Ad = 443 kN/m Ad = 917 kN/anchor Nec. Upset anchor M72 , grade 500 (Frd = 1005 kN), = 22,5 m

Anchor wall

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Due to the anchor layers of the main wall the anchors have to be positioned horizontal. Therefore for the anchor wall a restrained wall is required.

for the anchor wall a restrained wall is required. 07 01 1 23 001 design Calculation.docx
for the anchor wall a restrained wall is required. 07 01 1 23 001 design Calculation.docx

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Profile Check Nec W ((AU 25) S355 σ =706/2500*10³= 282 N/mm² < 355/1,1 = 322 N/mm² Wall length 8,5 m (top 1m below Ground surface)

Waling

Ad

= 443 kN

Md

= 443 *2,07²/10 = 199 kNm

Nec W (S355) = 199/355*1,1*10.³ = 616 cm³

2 U 260 (Wy = 742 cm³)

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12 Design of capping beam

12.1 Preface

For the concrete capping beam an U-shaped PC-element as “lost formwork” is used. The concrete-infill itself is used as bearing structure. The capping beam is stressed by the bollard and mooring loads and the outer surface are designed to resist to the environmental conditions.

12.2 Size and loadings

PC-U-beam The PC-U-beam is designed with the following size

Loadings

Bollard load

HBk = 800 kN, bollard height ca. 50 cm

Fender load

MXk = 1.3*800 = 1300 kNm HVk = 1100 kN Mxk = 1100*0,2 = 220 kNm Mzk = 1100*0,15*1,5 = 250 kNm

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Document No: 07 01 1 23 001 Rev: 0 Date: 05.06.2012 12.3 Connection to king piles

12.3 Connection to king piles

To ensure the connection of the head beam to the king piles connectors are necessary. For the connectors 4 bars Ø28 mm BSt 500 are foreseen as shown below:

Allowable Md for connection = 616*2*500/1,1*0,8/10³ = 448 kNm

Max Md (Top of pile due to bollard) = 1,5*130 * (1,4+0.5) = 370 kNm Max Md (Top of pile due to impact) = 1,5*1100/6*0,7 = 192 kNm

Welding length a = 10 mm L = 500/1,1*616/(10*430/1,1) = 72 mm

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Chosen both sides 2 * 20 cm The shear force is transferred by the contact area pile/Grout to PC element. Max shear force Vd = 1,5 *130 = 195 kN Vrd = 0,2*0,45*20= 1,8 MN Vrd >> Vd

*130 = 195 kN Vrd = 0,2*0,45*20= 1,8 MN Vrd >> Vd 07 01 1 23

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12.4 Insitu beam design

For the beam design the following system are considered:

For bollard load – continuous beam supported by springs (anchors) For fender impact – continuous beam bedded on spil

For fender impact – continuous beam bedded on spil h = 140 cm d = 132

h

= 140 cm

d

= 132 cm

Max Md = 1810 kNm

Kd = 132/√1810/1,4 =3,67 Ks = 2,36 Nec As = 2,36*1810/132 = 32, 4 cm²

=3,67 → Ks = 2,36 Nec As = 2,36*1810/132 = 32, 4 cm² Max Vd =

Max Vd = 547 kN

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Document No: 07 01 1 23 001 Rev: 0 Date: 05.06.2012 Vessel impact Max Md =

Vessel impact

07 01 1 23 001 Rev: 0 Date: 05.06.2012 Vessel impact Max Md = 2050 kNm

Max Md = 2050 kNm

Rev: 0 Date: 05.06.2012 Vessel impact Max Md = 2050 kNm Max Qd = 825 kN

Max Qd = 825 kN

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Document No: 07 01 1 23 001 Rev: 0 Date: 05.06.2012 Required As side = 35,3

Required

As side = 35,3 + 21.1/4 = 40,3 cm² As stirrup 14 cm²/m

Chosen reinforcement Bothe sides 9 Ø 25 (44,2 cm²) Top and bottom 8 Ø 20 ( 25,1 cm²) Stirrups generell Ø 14/15 ( 20,5 cm²), at bolloard and fenders Ø 14/12,5 (24,7 cm²) for

3m.

12.5 PC-U-Beam

The PC u-beam is reinforced in respect to structural reasons by an crosswise uniform reinforcement Ø10/15 inside and outside

Check of Wall reinforcement(due to insitu fill) Considered safety factor for casting 1.5 dyn effects Md = 1.5*1.4*25*1.4²/6*1,5 = 25,7 kNm Nec as = 2,6 *25,7/15 = 4.5 cm²/m

Chosen reinforcement Ø10/15 crosswise inside and out side at the edges bars Ø12

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12.6 Reinforcement sketches

Rev: 0 Date: 05.06.2012 12.6 Reinforcement sketches 13 Conclusion The above executed calculation ve rifies that

13 Conclusion

The above executed calculation verifies that the structures are able to bear the loadings in respect to the specified safety factors.