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Injection valve, type TXI 2

REFRIGERATION AND AIR CONDITIONING

Technical leaet

Technical leaet

Injection valve, type TXI 2

Introduction

Danfoss has developed a injection valve type TXI 2 for desuperheating in 2-stage refrigeration systems operating on R22 where the hot gas temperature and the intermediate pressure are the controlling variables. Application In principle there are two dierent ways in which to setup 2-stage refrigeration systems as far as temperature signal to the liquid injection valve is concerned. Example 1 2-stage refrigeration system built up with a combined LP/HP compressor. In this case the discharge gas temperature on the HP side is used as temperature signal and the

Application examples

intermediate pressure as pressure signal to the injection valve. In this example a TXI 2 injection valve is used, see g. 1.

Fig. 1

LP: Low pressure HP: High pressure PI: intermediate pressure

DKRCC.PD.AV0.A2.02 / 520H0699

Danfoss A/S (RC-CMS / AD), 08 - 2005

Technical leaet

Injection valve, type TXI 2

Application examples (continued)

Example 2 2-stage refrigeration system with 2 separate refrigerating compressors in series. In this set up a solution with injection valve type TXI 2 can be used, because the discharge gas temperature on

the HP side can be used as temperature signal and the intermediate pressure as pressure signal to the injection valve, see g. 2.

Fig. 2

LP: Low pressure compressor HP: High pressure compressor PI: Intermediate pressure

Example 3 Same setup as in example 2 with 2 separate refrigerating compressors in series. As in this setup there is an accessible control signal where there is correspondence between pressure and temperature, regulation of the strongly

superheated condition of the refrigerant can be undertaken by a traditional thermostatic expansion valve e.g. Danfoss type TX 2 for R22 refrigeration systems, see g. 3.

Fig. 3

LP: Low pressure compressor HP: High pressure compressor PI: Intermediate pressure

Danfoss A/S (RC-CMS / AD), 08 - 2005

DKRCC.PD.AV0.A2.02 / 520H0699

Technical leaet

Injection valve, type TXI 2

Operation

Pbulb

Pspring

PI

Fig. 4

The valve function is controlled by the intermediate pressure (PI) acting under the diaphragm and the bulb pressure derived from the discharge gas temperature across the diaphragm (g. 4).

DKRCC.PD.AV0.A2.02 / 520H0699

Danfoss A/S (RC-CMS / AD), 08 - 2005

Technical leaet

Injection valve, type TXI 2

Operation (continued)

The intermediate pressure (PI), setting spring and bulb temperature form a working range which, expressed in a co-ordinate system, makes up a working area, see g. 5.

Fig. 5

Valid for code no. 068-3249 only

Fig. 5

Valid for code no. 068-3258 only

Within the limits of this area, the working point required is found (PI/tbulb). The location of the working point depends on the spring force set and in addition to that dependent on the proportional band (the superheat) and the valve capacity (size of orice). Therefore, the sizing is decisive for a satisfactory result.

Danfoss A/S (RC-CMS / AD), 08 - 2005

DKRCC.PD.AV0.A2.02 / 520H0699

Technical leaet

Injection valve, type TXI 2

Sizing

To size TXI 2 the refrigerating capacity required to remove the superheat at the intermediate stage must be known as well as the required discharge gas temperature on the discharge side. Besides this the pressure drop p across the injection valve must be determined as the dierence between the condensing pressure and the pressure at the intermediate stage. With the values for the required capacity, the Example: Required refrigerating capacity Q = 5 kW Evaporating temperature at intermediate state t0 = 25C Pressure drop across TXI 2 p = 12 bar' Discharge gas temperature (HP) = 110C
Orice No. 00 01 02 03 04 05 06

evaporating temperature t0 (PI) of the intermediate stage and the pressure drop across TXI 2, the correct orice size can be determined.

Evaporating temperature 25C Pressure drop across valve p bar 2 0.69 1.21 1.66 2.98 4.36 5.55 6.80 4 0.83 1.51 2.13 3.82 5.59 7.10 8.68 6 0.94 1.71 2.42 4.33 6.35 8.06 9.84 8 1.02 1.85 2.62 4.69 6.89 8.74 10.67 10 1.08 1.96 2.77 4.96 7.30 9.26 11.30 12 1.12 2.04 2.87 5.15 7.60 9.64 11.77 14 1.14 2.09 2.94 5.27 7.80 9.89 12.08 16 1.15 2.11 2.97 5.33 7.91 10.02 12.25

Valve type TXI 2 - 0.2 TXI 2 - 0.3 TXI 2 - 0.6 TXI 2 - 0.8 TXI 2 - 1.2 TXI 2 - 1.5 TXI 2 - 2.0

TXI 2 with orice 03 ts that example as the values in the capacity tables are shown with a proportional band of 6 K.

Capacity in kW
Valve type TXI 2 - 0.2 TXI 2 - 0.3 TXI 2 - 0.6 TXI 2 - 0.8 TXI 2 - 1.2 TXI 2 - 1.5 TXI 2 - 2.0 Orice No. 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 2 0.79 1.6 2.2 3.9 5.8 7.4 9.1 4 0.96 2.0 2.9 5.1 7.6 9.6 11.8 6 1.1 2.3 3.3 5.9 8.7 11.0 13.5

Evaporating temperature 10C Pressure drop across valve p bar 8 1.2 2.5 3.6 6.4 9.5 12.0 14.7 10 1.2 2.6 3.8 6.8 10.1 12.8 15.6 12 1.3 2.7 4.0 7.1 10.5 13.3 16.2 14 1.3 2.8 4.1 7.3 10.8 13.6 16.6 16 1.3 2.8 4.1 7.3 10.9 13.8 16.8

Valve type TXI 2 - 0.2 TXI 2 - 0.3 TXI 2 - 0.6 TXI 2 - 0.8 TXI 2 - 1.2 TXI 2 - 1.5 TXI 2 - 2.0

Orice No. 00 01 02 03 04 05 06

Evaporating temperature 20C Pressure drop across valve p bar 4 0.88 17 2.4 4.2 6.2 7.9 9.6 6 1.0 1.9 2.7 4.8 7.1 9.0 11.0 8 1.1 2.0 2.9 5.2 7.7 9.8 11.9 10 1.1 2.2 3.1 5.5 8.2 10.3 12.6 12 1.2 2.3 3.2 5.8 8.5 10.8 13.1 14 1.2 2.3 3.3 5.9 8.7 11.0 13.5 16 1.2 2.3 3.3 6.0 8.8 11.2 13.7

DKRCC.PD.AV0.A2.02 / 520H0699

Danfoss A/S (RC-CMS / AD), 08 - 2005

Technical leaet

Injection valve, type TXI 2

Capacity in kW
Valve type TXI 2 - 0.2 TXI 2 - 0.3 TXI 2 - 0.6 TXI 2 - 0.8 TXI 2 - 1.2 TXI 2 - 1.5 TXI 2 - 2.0

Orice No. 00 01 02 03 04 05 06

Evaporating temperature (PI) 25C Pressure drop across valve p bar 2 0.69 1.21 1.66 2.98 4.36 5.55 6.80 4 0.83 1.51 2.13 3.82 5.59 7.10 8.68 6 0.94 1.71 2.42 4.33 6.35 8.06 9.84 8 1.02 1.85 2.62 4.69 6.89 8.74 10.67 10 1.08 1.96 2.77 4.96 7.30 9.26 11.30 12 1.12 2.04 2.87 5.15 7.60 9.64 11.77 14 1.14 2.09 2.94 5.27 7.80 9.89 12.08 16 1.15 2.11 2.97 5.33 7.91 10.02 12.25

Valve type TXI 2 - 0.2 TXI 2 - 0.3 TXI 2 - 0.6 TXI 2 - 0.8 TXI 2 - 1.2 TXI 2 - 1.5 TXI 2 - 2.0

Orice No. 00 01 02 03 04 05 06

Evaporating temperature (PI) 30C Pressure drop across valve p bar 4 0.79 1.4 1.9 3.4 5.0 6.4 7.8 6 0.90 1.5 2.2 3.9 5.7 7.2 8.8 8 0.96 1.7 2.7 4.2 6.2 7.8 9.6 10 1.0 1.8 2.5 4.4 6.5 8.3 10.1 12 1.1 1.8 2.6 4.6 6.8 8.6 10.5 14 1.1 1.9 2.6 4.7 7.0 8.8 10.8 16 1.1 1.9 2.7 4.8 7.1 9.0 11.0

Valve type TXI 2 - 0.2 TXI 2 - 0.3 TXI 2 - 0.6 TXI 2 - 0.8 TXI 2 - 1.2 TXI 2 - 1.5 TXI 2 - 2.0

Orice No. 00 01 02 03 04 05 06

Evaporating temperature (PI) 40C Pressure drop across valve p bar 2 0.60 0.90 1.23 2.20 3.20 4.07 4.98 4 0.71 1.11 1.55 2.78 4.04 5.14 6.28 6 0.80 1.25 1.74 3.12 4.56 5.79 7.07 8 0.86 1.35 1.88 3.36 4.93 6.26 7.65 10 0.92 1.43 1.97 3.54 5.21 6.62 8.09 12 0.95 1.49 2.05 3.68 5.43 6.90 8.44 14 0.98 1.53 2.09 3.77 5.58 7.09 8.68 16 0.99 1.55 2.12 3.81 5.67 7.20 8.82

Danfoss A/S (RC-CMS / AD), 08 - 2005

DKRCC.PD.AV0.A2.02 / 520H0699

Technical leaet

Injection valve, type TXI 2

Setting

TXI 2 cannot be set until the refrigerant system is started up. Setting after start-up is carried out when the discharge gas temperature has been recorded and the intermediate pressure is known or measured. By means of the diagram, g. 5, the actual working point is found. From the location of the working point in the diagram, g. Perm. working pressure PS/MWP: Max. test pressure: Capillary tube: 34 bar 37.5 bar 1.5 m.

5, it should be decided whether to increase or decrease the spring force. Alteration of the spring from slack to tight setting corresponds to 6 revolutions of the TXI 2 setting screw.

Technical data

Ordering valve

Type TXI-2 TXI-2 TXI-2 TXI-2


3 3 3 3 1

Connections [in.] /8 /2 SAE are /8 1/2 SAE are /8 SAE are 1/2 solder /8 1/2 SAE are

Temp. range +100 +130C +100 +130C +100 +130C +80 +110C

Pressure range (pi) 0 - 2 bar 1 - 5 bar 1 - 5 bar 1 - 5 bar

Weight kg 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Code no. 068-3249 068-3258 068-3343 068-3360

Ordering accessories

Orice assembly
Orice no. 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 Code no. TE 2 068-2003 068-2010 068-2015 068-2006 068-2007 068-2008 068-2009

Flare nuts
Symbol Connection for copper tubing with outside cam. in.
1 3 1 3

Reducer for copper tubing with outside diam. in. mm.

Code no. 011L1201 011L1235 011L1203

mm. 6 10 12 10

/4 /8 /2 /8

/4

011L1207

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Danfoss A/S (RC-CMS / AD), 08 - 2005