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Thomas Hardys style: Narrative Technique: Authors / Narrators comment Philosophic grey style Symbolism 1 Cinematic narration A narrators

rators comment on the on going events in the story. They are intended to give a direction to readers thinking. Generally, readers reaction to the events and the persons should be determined by the course of the story itself novelists attitude must be implicit not explicit. Hardy makes such explicit comment to make his point of view absolutely clear. Illustrations from the text: In the ill-judged execution of the well-judged plan of things the call seldom produces the comer, the man to love rarely coincides with the hour for loving. Nature does not often say "See!" to her poor creature at a time when seeing can lead to happy doing; or reply "Here!" to a body's cry of "Where?" till the hide-andseek has become an irksome, outworn game. Pessimistic grey tone prepare reader for unhappiness of Tess gives viewpoint that things always tend to go wrong in life
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Thomas Hardy on Screen By Terence R. Wright

Why it was that upon this beautiful feminine tissue, sensitive as gossamer, and practically blank as snow as yet, there should have been traced such a coarse pattern as it was doomed to receive; why so often the coarse appropriates the finer thus, the wrong man the woman, the wrong woman the man, many thousand years of analytical philosophy have failed to explain to our sense of order. Perversity of circumstance feeling of the mystery about the inexplicable working of the universe in which we live. she looked upon herself as a figure of Guilt intruding into the haunts of Innocence. But all the while she was making a distinction where there was no difference. Feeling herself in antagonism, she was quite in accord. She had been made to break an accepted social law, but no law known to the environment in which she fancied herself such an anomaly. Tesss haunting sense of guilt. Moreover, alone in a desert island would she have been wretched at what had happened to her? Not greatly. If she could have been but just created, to discover herself as a spouseless mother, with no experience of life except as the parent of a nameless child, would the position have caused her to despair? No, she would have taken it calmly, and found pleasure therein. Most of the misery had been generated by her conventional aspect, and not by her innate sensations. Purity of Tess in natural sense of order impure only from social law of order / convention.

So passed away Sorrow the Undesired--that intrusive creature, that bastard gift of shameless Nature, who respects not the social law; a waif to whom eternal Time had been a matter of days merely, who knew not that such things as years and centuries ever were; to whom the cottage interior was the universe, the week's weather climate, new-born babyhood human existence, and the instinct to suck human knowledge. * recovery of spirits of Tess as a natural development from the feeling of shame and disgrace Let the truth be told--women do as a rule live through such humiliations, and regain their spirits, and again look about them with an interested eye. While there's life there's hope is a conviction not so entirely unknown to the "betrayed" as some amiable theorists would have us believe. After hearing the story of the man who was taken to task by a woman whose daughter he had seduced but refused to marry Dairyman Crick. The evening sun was now ugly to her, like a great inflamed wound in the sky After the death of Tesss father philosophic as well as didactic family falls prey to the same

injustice which its ancestors had in their heyday inflicted upon their tenants Nemesis. Thus the Durbeyfields, once d'Urbervilles, saw descending upon them the destiny which, no doubt, when they were among the Olympians of the county, they had caused to descend many a time, and severely enough, upon the heads of such landless ones as they themselves were now. So do flux and reflux--the rhythm of change--alternate and persist in everything under the sky. Justice not in any absolute or ideal sense but justice as demanded by man-made law it also raises question, whether really Justice was done to innocent Tess or not. Justice" was done, and the President of the Immortals, in Aeschylean phrase, had ended his sport with Tess.