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AS 17551986

Australian Standard

Conveyors Design, construction, installation, and operation Safety requirements

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This Australian standard was prepared by Committee SF/25, Guarding of Conveyors. It was approved on behalf of the Council of the Standards Association of Australia on 25 November 1985 and published on 3 March 1986.

The following interests are represented on Committee SF/25: Australian Conveyor Manufacturers Association Bureau of Steel Manufacturers of Australia Confederation of Australian Industry Department of Employment and Industrial Affairs, Qld Department of Employment and Industrial Affairs, Vic. Department of Industrial Relations, N.S.W. Department of Labour S.A. Electricity Commission of New South Wales Melbourne Chamber of Commerce Metal Trades Industry Association of Australia National Safety Council of Australia Safety Institute of Australia (Incorporated) State Electricity Commission of Victoria

Review of Australian Standards. To keep abreast of progress in industry, Australi an Standards are subject to periodic review and are kept up to date by the issue of amendments or new editi ons as necessary. It is important therefore that Standards users ensure that they are in possession of the latest editi on, and any amendments thereto. Full detail s of all Australi an Standards and related publications wil l be found in the Standards Australia Catalogue of Publications; this information is supplemented each month by the magazine The Australian Standard, which subscribing members receive, and which gives details of new publi cati ons, new editi ons and amendments, and of withdrawn Standards. Suggesti ons for improvements to Australi an Standards, addressed to the head offi ce of Standards Australi a, are welcomed. Noti fi cati on of any inaccuracy or ambiguity found in an Australi an Standard should be made without delay in order that the matter may be investigated and appropriate action taken.

This Standard was issued in draft form for comment as DR 84171.

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AS 17551986

Australian Standard

CONVEYORS DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION, INSTALLATION, AND OPERATION SAFETY REQUIREMENTS

First publi shed (as AS CZ15) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AS 1755 fi rst published . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Second editi on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Incorporating: Amdt 1 1995

1971 1975 1986

PUBLISHED BY STANDARDS AUSTRALIA (STANDARDS ASSOCIATION OF AUSTRALIA) 1 THE CRESCENT, HOMEBUSH, NSW 2140
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AS 17551986 2

PREFACE
This edition of this standard was prepared by the Associations Committee on Guarding of Conveyors, to supersede AS 1755-1975, SAA Conveyor Safety Code. It contains the safety measures to be implemented for the installation and operation of conveyors and conveyor systems, and sets out the necessary personal protective measures against hazards experienced by operators of such plant. The text of this standard has been modified in accordance with the appropriate recommended modifications received in response to a request for the review of AS 1755-1975. The recommended changes included in this standard cover the general safety requirements for large and small conveyors and conveyor systems, and in particular the details for conveyor control and motor drive isolation. Technical and editorial amendments have been incorporated in line with available ISO documentation for Appendix A has been expanded to include mechanical handling equipment, and conveying equipment not covered in the previous edition.

Copyri ght STANDARDS AUSTRALIA


Users of Standards are reminded that copyri ght subsists in all Standards Australi a publications and soft ware. Except where the Copyri ght Act all ows and except where provided for below no publications or software produced by Standards Austr alia may be reproduced, stored in a retri eval system in any form or transmitt ed by any means without pri or permission in wri ti ng fr om Standards Australi a. Permission may be conditi onal on an appropriate royalt y payment. Requests for permission and information on commercial soft ware royalti es should be dir ected to the head off ice of Standards Australi a. Standards Australi a wil l permit up to 10 percent of the technical content pages of a Standard to be copied for use exclusively in-house by purchasers of the Standard without payment of a royalty or advice to Standards Austr alia. Standards Australi a wil l also permit the inclusion of its copyri ght material in computer soft ware programs for no royalt y payment provided such programs are used exclusively in-house by the creators of the programs. Care should be taken to ensure that material used is fr om the current editi on of the Standard and that it is updated whenever the Standard is amended or revised. The number and date of the Standard should therefore be clearly identif ied. The use of material in pri nt form or in computer soft ware programs to be used commercially, with or without payment, or in commercial contracts is subject to the payment of a royalty. This policy may be vari ed by Standards Austr alia at any ti me.

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AS 17551986

CONTENTS
Page SECTION 1. SCOPE AND GENERAL 1.1 Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.2 Purpose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.3 Application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.4 Referenced Documents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.5 Definitions ......................................... SECTION 2. MATERIALS 2.1 General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.2 Material Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SECTION 3. DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION 3.1 General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2 Design and Construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SECTION 4. INSTALLATION 4.1 General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.2 Access to Conveyors .................................. 4.3 Crossovers for Aisles and Passageways . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.4 Conveyors Installed in Tunnels or Pits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.5 Lighting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.6 Electrical Requirements ................................ 4.7 Protective Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.8 Conveyor Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.9 Fire Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SECTION 5. GUARDING 5.1 General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.2 Design and Construction of Guards ....................... 5.3 Dangerous Parts Requiring Guarding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.4 Removal of Guards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.5 Guarding of Other Areas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SECTION 6. SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS FOR UNIT-HANDLING CONVEYORS 6.1 General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.2 Slat Conveyors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.3 Towing Conveyors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.4 Roller Flight Conveyors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.5 Flat Belt Conveyors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.6 Overhead Chain or Cable Conveyors ...................... 6.7 Overhead Chain or Cable Conveyor (Power and Free Type) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.8 Swing Tray Conveyors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.9 Vertical Chain Conveyors (Opposed Shelf Type) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SECTION 7. SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS FOR BULK-HANDLING CONVEYORS 7.1 General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.2 Safe Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.3 Belt Conveyors ..................................... 7.4 Screw Conveyors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.5 En Masse and Bucket Conveyors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.6 Vibrating and Oscillating Conveyors ...................... 7.7 Drag Chain Conveyors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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5 5 5 5 5

7 7

8 8

9 9 9 9 9 9 9 10 11

12 12 15 15 15

21 21 21 23 23 23 23 23 24

25 25 25 25 25 25 25

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Page SECTION 8. SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS FOR MOBILE AND PORTABLE CONVEYORS 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.7 8.8 8.9 8.10 8.11 8.12 8.13 8.14 General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Design and Construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Stability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Attachment Points for Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Boom Mounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Locking Against Creep . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pneumatic Tyres . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Loss of Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Wire Rope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Boom or Trunking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Conveyor Drive ................................... Control of Motor Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Guarding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Safe Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 27 27

SECTION 9 INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Regular Checks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Removal of Guards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Safety of Personnel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 28 28 28

SECTION 10 INSTRUCTIONS FOR OPERATING AND MAINTENANCE 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Synopsis of Plant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Operating Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Maintenance Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Spare parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 28 28 28 28

SECTION 11 TRAINING AND SUPERVISION OF OPERATORS 11.1 11.2 11.3 Training . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Safe Operating Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Safe Working Methods .............................. 29 29 29

SECTION 12. MARKING AND IDENTIFICATION 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 12.5 12.6 Marking of Conveyors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nameplates and Labels .............................. Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Load Capacity .................................... Marking of Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Location of Signs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 30 30 30 30 30

APPENDICES A B Glossary of Conveyor Terms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Example of a Work Permit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 62 64

ANNEX. LIST OF REFERENCED DOCUMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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5 AS 17551986

STANDARDS ASSOCIATION OF AUSTRALIA Australian Standard for CONVEYORS DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION, INSTALLATION, AND OPERATION SAFETY REQUIREMENTS SECTION 1. SCOPE AND GENERAL
1.1 SCOPE. This standard applies to the design, construction, installation, and guarding of conveyors and conveyor systems, whether of a temporary or permanent nature, for the conveyance of materials. It sets out requirements for materials of construction, mechanical design, general safety requirements, specific requirements for unit and bulk handling conveyor s , t r ai ni ng and s uper vi s i on of operators,inspection and maintenance, and operating and maintenance instructions. The standard is not intended to apply to industrial trucks, tractors or trailers, prime movers coupled with monorails, tiering machines, cranes, hoists, skip hoists, monorails, power shovels, power scoops, bucket drag lines, platform elevators designed to carry passengers or the elevator operator, moving stairways and highway or rail vehicles, or conveyors specifically designed for the conveyance of passengers. This standard does not cover individually powered or line shaft powered rollers, which are used in other than continuous manufacturing industries (see also Clause 1.5.4.2). A glossary of conveyor Appendix A . terms is provided in 1.5.1 Accompanying documents documents accompanying the equipment containing all important information for the user, in particular that relevant to safety. 1.5.2 Controls. 1.5.2.1 Emergency stop control a device which stops a conveyor system(s) in the shortest practicable time . 1.5.2.2 Start control a device for starting up a conveyor system situated appropriately for the local or remote starting of the system. (See Clause 4.8.7 ). 1.5.2.3 Stop control a normal stop control which is electrically wired directly in the circuit or in the starting control circuitry, resulting in a fail safe immediate or sequence stopping of the conveyor system. 1.5.3 Control circuit isolation the interruption of the control circuitry of the drive motor(s) of a conveyor system(s). 1.5.4 Equipment and parts. 1.5.4.1 Bulk-handling conveyor a conveyor designed for moving loose material from one location to another. 1.5.4.2 Conveyor apparatus or equipment worked by any power other than manual, by which loads are raised, lowered or transported or are capable of being raised, lowered, transported, or continuously driven by (a) an endless belt, rope or chain or other similar means; (b) buckets, trays or other containers or fittings moved by an endless belt, rope, chain or other similar means; (c) a rotating screw; (d) a vibration or walking beam; or (e) a powered roller conveyor where the rolls are driven by an endless belt, rope, or chain, and including the supporting structure, auxiliary equipment and gear used in connection with the conveyor. 1.5.4.3 Conveyor system an installation of one or more conveyor(s) which transport or transfer loads from one conveyor to another and whose control is integrated . 1.5.4.4 Unit-handling conveyor a conveyor designed for moving individual components or groups

also

1.2 PURPOSE. The purpose of this standard is to establish uniformity in engineering practice with respect to conveyors throughout the Commonwealth of Australia. The requirements have been drafted to conveyors and conveyor systems provide practical and adequate safety features and to stipulate conditions for safety in operation and maintenance. Attention is particularly drawn to the requirements of the Regulatory Authority specific to equipment safety. 1.3 APPLICATION. This standard shall apply to all new conveyors and new conveyor systems and any addition or amendment to the standard shall be applied in a similar manner. The term new conveyor is not intended to apply to a conveyor or conveyor system in connection with which a contract for supply and installation had been entered into prior to the date on which the standard and its amendments came into operation. 1.4 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS. A list with titles of the documents referred to in this standard is Annex . given in the 1.5 DEFINITIONS. For the purpose of this standard, the following definitions apply:
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AS 17551986

of components either directly or within a container from one location to another. 1.5.5 Fail safe the feature of a conveyor or conveyor system which minimizes any hazard to personnel and equipment in the event of power failure, malfunction of the conveyor or conveyor system or the like. 1.5.6 Guards. 1.5.6.1 Guarded shielded, fenced, enclosed or otherwise protected by means of suitable enclosure, covers, casing, shield guards, trough guards, railing guards, or by nature of location or position so as to remove foreseeable risk of personal injury being caused by accidental contact or approach, and for an underguard so as to remove any additional foreseeable risk of personal injury being caused by contact with or spillage of material from the conveyor. 1.5.6.2 Guarded by location or position the moving parts are protected by their remoteness from the floor, platform, walkway or other working level, or by their location with reference to frame, foundation, or structure so as to remove foreseeable risk of accidental contact by persons or objects. Remoteness from foreseeable regular or frequent presence of public or employed personnel may in reasonable circumstances constitute guarding by location.

1.5.6.3 Underguard a stationary device of sufficient strength and capacity to catch, retain, and contain any foreseeable spillage which might cause personal injury from a conveyor passing over a roadway, walkway, work space, or like area, for the purpose of protecting persons in that area. 1.5.7 Nip point that point at which a machine element moving in line meets a rotating element so that it is possible to nip, pinch, squeeze, or entrap objects coming into contact with one of the two members. The term also applies to the similar point with respect to two rotating parts or two converging parts in linear movement. 1.5.8 Power isolation the physical separation of equipment or circuits from all power sources. 1.5.9 Regulatory Authority a Minister of the Crown, a government department or other public authority having power to issue regulations, orders or other instructions having the force of law in respect of any subject covered by this standard. 1.5.10 Shall and should the word shall is to be understood as mandatory, and the word should as non-mandatory, advisory or recommended. the 1.5.11 Shear point the point at which or the line along which a moving part meets or passes close enough to a stationary part or object so that parts of the human body can be caught, trapped, or pinched between them. 1.5.12 Whole current isolation the physically opening of the power supply conductors to the drive motor(s) of a conveyor system(s).

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AS 17551986

SECTION 2. MATERIALS

2.1 GENERAL. All materials shall comply with the Australian standards or with relevant specifications acceptable to the Regulatory Authority. 2.2 MATERIAL SPECIFICATIONS. The following standards specify the material requirements for conveyors and supporting structures: (a) Bolts AS 1110, AS 1111, AS 1112, AS 1252, AS 2451, and AS 2465. (b) Concrete AS 1379 and AS 1480. (c) Conveyor belts AS 1332, AS 1333, and AS 1669.

other

(d) Forgings and castings AS 1448, AS 1734, AS 1830, AS 1831, AS 1832, AS 1866, AS 1874, and AS 2074. (e) Gears AS B61, AS B66, and AS 1565. (f) Rivets AS A34. (g) Roller chain AS 1532 and AS 2152. (h) Structural steel AS 1074, AS 1131, AS 1163, AS 1204, and AS 1444. (j) Wire rope AS 1656 and AS 2759.

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AS 17551986 8

SECTION 3. DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION


3.1 GENERAL. Conveyors and conveyor systems shall be designed, manufactured and installed consistent with (a) the appropriate requirements of this standard; (b) the requirements of the Regulatory Authority; and (c) the accepted principles of safe engineering practice and workmanship. 3.2 DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION. 3.2.1 General. Safety features necessary for the safe operation of conveyors and conveying machinery shall be incorporated at the design stage. 3.2.2 Design requirements. The design and construction of a conveyor shall take into full account the magnitude, incidence, conditions and manner of all loading and forces likely to be applied to the conveyor. The design and construction of a conveyor shall, where applicable, comply with the relevant standards. The slope and characteristics of the conveying device shall be designed so as to prevent unintentional sliding of the product or object being conveyed under normal working conditions. 3.2.3 Brakes and brake devices. 3.2.3.1 Safe stopping. Every conveyor shall be designed so as to ensure that it will stop in the shortest practicable time safety when the driving power is consistent with disconnected, and remain stopped until the power is restored. 3.2.3.2 Anti-runaway or anti-runback devices. Every conveyor which can run away or run back shall be provided with anti-runaway or anti-runback devices. Where a belt or chain drive is interposed between the motor and the driving shaft, a device shall be provided on the driving shaft to sustain the load in the event of failure of such drive. 3.2.3.3 Prevention of movement. Where an electromechanical brake is provided on an inclined conveyor which may run away or run back, and a positive drive is not used, e.g. a fluid coupling is used, means shall be provided to prevent movement of the conveyor until such time as positive drive is established. Brakes shall not be released until the torque has been applied to the main driving shaft of the conveyor, and shall be applied automatically if the power fails or the operating control is returned to the off or stopped position. 3.2.3.4 Controlled speed of descent. Brakes which are manually released and applied by the movement of operating devices shall be designed so that, if the power is interrupted with the brakes in the release position, the load can descend only at a controlled speed. 3.2.3.5 Sustained load. Where a brake is used as an anti-runaway or anti-runback device, it shall be rated to sustain 150 percent of the runaway load of the conveyor when applied. 3.2.4 Lubrication of bearings. Where bearings are inaccessible or are in hazardous locations and require lubrication, the means of lubrication shall be located in an accessible and safe position and the lubricant piped to the bearings. The lubrication points should be located outside the alignment of the carrying mechanism of the conveyor Accessed by CONNELL WAGNER on 02 Apr 2008 [SUPERSEDED] and should be accessible without the removal of any guard. 3.2.5 Take-ups and counterweights. 3.2.5.1 Gravity take-up. Where take-ups have suspended counterweights, suitable precautions shall be taken against the danger of the counterweight falling. The counterweight shall be enclosed in a suitable enclosure equipped with guides and stops which shall extend to a floor of sufficient strength to withstand the falling weight. Where counterweights are attached to lever arms, a safety device shall ensure that the weights cannot become detached if the device used for the adjustment of the weight becomes loose. 3.2.5.2 Wire ropes for take-ups and counterweights. All wire ropes used for take-ups and counterweights of conveyors shall have a minimum safety factor of 4.5. 3.2.5.3 Spring take-ups. Where spring and screw take-ups are used and adjustment is required when the plant is in operation, the means of adjustment shall be readily accessible. Guards shall be provided to protect personnel from contact with moving parts. Where spring and screw take-ups are remote or on a different level from the main drive, a stop control complying with Clause 4.8.7 shall be provided. 3.2.6 Wire ropes. All wire ropes used on a conveyor or conveyor system, other than for take-ups and counterweights, shall comply with the appropriate Clause 1.4 ). requirements of the relevant standards (see 3.2.7 Hinged sections. 3.2.7.1 General. Hinged sections of a conveyor or conveyor system used for the purpose of creating a passageway shall be designed so that when the hinged section is opened while the conveyor is in operation it need only stop the adjacent upstream conveyor. The conveyor may be restarted automatically upon closure of the hinged section provided that the requirements of Clause 4.8.7.5 are complied with. 3.2.7.2 Manually operated. Manually operated hinged sections shall be self-locking in the open position or counterbalanced, and shall be designed so that the maximum effort required to open or close the hinged section does not exceed 150 N. 3.2.7.3 Power operated. Power-operated hinged sections shall be provided with mechanical safety devices which restrict their closing to a safe speed and prevent them from falling in event of power failure. 3.2.8 Raising and lowering systems. Fixed or mobile conveyors including an articulated or mobile part in a vertical plane, actuated manually or by a motor, shall have a safety device for immobilizing the articulated part in the event of voluntary or accidental stopping of the motive power. A raising and lowering system shall be fitted with an appropriate device which prevents the accidental movement or kickback of a manually operated crank. The raising and lowering system shall be located so that it is unnecessary for any person to be under the conveyor. The movement shall be limited at the extreme positions by appropriate stops or limiting devices.

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Document Outline
AS 1755-1986 CONVEYORS - DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION, INSTALLATION, AND OPERATION - SAFETY REQUIREMENTS PREFACE CONTENTS SECTION 1. SCOPE AND GENERAL 1.1 SCOPE. 1.2 PURPOSE. 1.3 APPLICATION. 1.4 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS. 1.5 DEFINITIONS 1.5.1 Accompanying documents 1.5.2 Controls 1.5.3 Control circuit isolation 1.5.4 Equipment and parts 1.5.5 Fail safe 1.5.6 Guards 1.5.7 Nip point 1.5.8 Power isolation 1.5.9 Regulatory Authority 1.5.10 Shall and should 1.5.11 Shear point 1.5.12 Whole current isolation SECTION 2. MATERIALS 2.1 GENERAL. 2.2 MATERIAL SPECIFICATIONS. SECTION 3. DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION 3.1 GENERAL. 3.2 DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION. 3.2.1 General. 3.2.2 Design requirements. 3.2.3 Brakes and brake devices. 3.2.4 Lubrication of bearings. 3.2.5 Take-ups and counterweights. 3.2.6 Wire ropes. 3.2.7 Hinged sections. SECTION 4. INSTALLATION 4.1 GENERAL. 4.2 ACCESS TO CONVEYORS. 4.2.1 Platforms to be provided. 4.2.2 Use of ladders. 4.2.3 Crossovers. 4.3 CROSSOVERS FOR AISLES AND PASSAGE-WAYS. 4.4 CONVEYORS INSTALLED IN TUNNELS OR PITS. 4.4.1 Working clearance. 4.4.2 Ventilation and drainage. 4.4.3 Depth indication. 4.4.4 Alternative egress. 4.4.5 Use of covers for headroom. 4.4.6 Removal of accumulated material. 4.5 LIGHTING. 4.6 ELECTRICAL REQUIREMENTS. 4.7 PROTECTIVE DEVICES. 4.7.1 General. 4.7.2 Overload protection. 4.7.3 Types of device. 4.7.4 Speed control. 4.8 CONVEYOR CONTROL. 4.8.1 General. 4.8.2 Drive power isolation. 4.8.3 Motor isolation. 4.8.4 Control circuit isolation. 4.8.5 Whole current isolation. 4.8.6 Starting controls. 4.8.7 Stop controls. 4.9 FIRE PROTECTION. SECTION 5. GUARDING 5.1 GENERAL. 5.2 DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF GUARDS. 5.2.1 General. 5.2.2 Reach dimensions 5.2.3 Guard placement. 5.3 DANGEROUS PARTS REQUIRING GUARDING 5.3.1 Minimum clearance of moving parts.

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5.3.2 Nip points and shear hazards. 5.3.3 Rotating parts. 5.3.4 Hoppers and chutes. 5.4 REMOVAL OF GUARDS. 5.4.1 Fixed guards. 5.4.2 Removable guards and covers. 5.5 GUARDING OF OTHER AREAS. 5.5.1 Loading, unloading, and discharge points. 5.5.2 Guarding of openings in floors. 5.5.3 Restricted areas. SECTION 6. SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS FOR UNIT-HANDLING CONVEYORS 6.1 GENERAL. 6.2 SLAT CONVEYORS. 6.3 TOWING CONVEYORS 6.4 ROLLER FLIGHT CONVEYORS. 6.5 FLAT BELT CONVEYORS. 6.5.1 Protective plate. 6.5.2 Transfer points. 6.5.3 Return idler guarding. 6.6 OVERHEAD CHAIN OR CABLE CONVEYORS. 6.7 OVERHEAD CHAIN OR CABLE CONVEYOR (POWER AND FREE TYPE). 6.8 SWING TRAY CONVEYORS 6.8.1 Fork tray type. 6.8.2 Solid tray type. 6.9 VERTICAL CHAIN CONVEYORS (OPPOSED SHELF TYPE) SECTION 7. SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS FOR BULK-HANDLING CONVEYORS 7.1 GENERAL. 7.2 SAFE ACCESS. 7.2.1 Walkways 7.2.2 Crossovers and underpasses. 7.2.3 Access to drive unit. 7.2.4 Nip points. 7.3 BELT CONVEYORS. 7.3.1Danger points. 7.4 SCREW CONVEYORS. 7.5 EN MASSE AND BUCKET CONVEYORS. 7.6 VIBRATING AND OSCILLATING CONVEYORS. 7.7 DRAG CHAIN CONVEYORS. SECTION 8. SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS FOR MOBILE AND PORTABLE CONVEYORS 8.1 GENERAL. 8.2 DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION. 8.3 STABILITY. 8.4 ATTACHMENT POINTS FOR TOWING. 8.5 BOOM MOUNTING. 8.6 LOCKING AGAINST CREEP. 8.7 PNEUMATIC TYRES. 8.8 LOSS OF POWER. 8.9 WIRE ROPE. 8.9.1 Safety factors and diameter ratios. 8.9.2 Attachment 8.9.3 Minimum diameter. 8.9.4 Load equalizing. 8.9.5 Anchorages. 8.10 BOOM OR TRUNKING. 8.10.1 Minimum approach. 8.10.2 Separation from drive. 8.10.3 Warning notice. 8.11 CONVEYOR DRIVE. 8.12 CONTROL OF MOTOR DRIVE. 8.12.1 General. 8.12.2 Electric power supply. 8.12.3 Clutches. 8.13 GUARDING. 8.14 SAFE ACCESS. SECTION 9. INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE 9.1 GENERAL. 9.2 REGULAR CHECKS. 9.3 REMOVAL OF GUARDS. 9.4 SAFETY OF PERSONNEL. SECTION 10. INSTRUCTIONS FOR OPERATING AND MAINTENANCE 10.1 GENERAL. 10.2 SYNOPSIS OF PLANT. 10.3 OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS. 10.4 MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS. 10.5 SPARE PARTS. SECTION 11. TRAINING AND SUPERVISION OF OPERATORS 11.1 TRAINING.

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11.2 SAFE OPERATING PROCEDURES. 11.3 SAFE WORKING METHODS. SECTION 12. MARKING AND IDENTIFICATION 12.1 MARKING OF CONVEYORS. 12.2 NAMEPLATES AND LABELS. 12.3 IDENTIFICATION. 12.4 LOAD CAPACITY. 12.5 MARKING OF CONTROLS. 12.5.1 Start and stop controls. 12.5.2 Emergency stop control. 12.6 LOCATION OF SIGNS. APPENDIX A - GLOSSARY OF CONVEYOR TERMS A1 ANTI-RUNBACK DEVICES. A1.1 Anti-runback device for belt conveyors A1.2 Anti-runback device for overhead chain conveyor A1.3 Anti-runaway device for overhead chain conveyor A2 APRON CONVEYORS. A2.1 Apron conveyor A2.2 Apron conveyor with pans A3 BELT CONVEYORS. A3.1 Belt conveyor A3.2 Fixed belt conveyor A3.3 Mobile belt conveyor A3.4 Portable belt conveyor A3.5 Belts conveyor, thrower or spreader A3.6 Blanket, or twin band conveyor A3.7 Closed belt conveyor A3.8 Flat belt conveyor A3.9 Sloping belt conveyor A3.10 Telescopic belt conveyor A3.11 Troughed belt conveyor A4 BARREL OR DRUM CONVEYOR A5 BUCKET CONVEYORS. A5.1 Bucket conveyor A5.2 Bucket elevator A5.3 Continuous bucket conveyor A5.4 Gravity bucket conveyor A5.5 Inclined belt and bucket conveyor A5.6 Pivoted bucket conveyor A5.7 Vertical belt and bucket conveyor A5.8 Vertical internal discharge chain and bucket conveyor A6 CHAIN CONVEYORS. A6.1 Chain conveyor A6.2 Chain conveyor with driving dogs A6.3 Chain or wire rope belt conveyor A6.4 Drag chain conveyor A6.5 Overhead chain conveyor (open track type) A6.6 Overhead chain conveyor (enclosed track) A6.7 Overhead chain or cable conveyor (power and free type) A6.8 Positive discharge type chain and bucket conveyor A6.9 Raised link or offset roller chain conveyor A6.10 Single chain or crate conveyor A6.11 Sliding chain conveyor A6.12 Swing chain conveyor A6.13 Swing chain conveyor, fork tray type A6.14 Swing tray conveyor, solid tray type A6.15 Twin rail conveyor (Power and free type) A6.16 Twin chain type, swing tray A6.17 Vertical bag or bale conveyor A6.18 Vertical chain conveyor, opposed shelf type A7 CROSS-BAR CONVEYOR A8 DISC OR BUTTON CONVEYOR A9 EN MASSE CONVEYOR A10 FLIGHT CONVEYORS A10.1 Flight conveyor (push-type) A10.2 Flight conveyor (reciprocating) A11 PALLET TYPE CONVEYOR A12 POCKET CONVEYOR A13 PUSHER BAR CONVEYOR A14 TRUCK-TOWING CONVEYORS. A14.1 Floor truck-towing conveyor A14.2 Single strand floor-mounted truck conveyor A14.3 Over and under single strand floor truck conveyor A14.4 Overhead monorail chain conveyor A15 GRAVITY CHUTE A16 HYDRAULIC CONVEYORS A16.1 Hydraulic conveyor

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A16.2 Open type hydraulic conveyor A16.3 Tube type I hydraulic conveyor A16.4 Tube type II hydraulic conveyor A17 INCLINED BAG CONVEYOR A18 MAGNETIC CONVEYOR A19 OSCILLATING CONVEYOR A20 PLATE CONVEYOR A21 POWDERED ROLLER CONVEYOR A22 RECIPROCATING BEAM CONVEYOR A23 ROLLER CONVEYOR A24 SCRAPER DRAG BAR OR DRAG LINK CONVEYOR A25 SCREW CONVEYORS. A25.1 Screw conveyors A25.2 Screw tube conveyor A25.3 Vertical screw tube conveyor A25.4 Screw auger conveyor A25.5 Screw conveyor, trough type A25.6 Screw conveyor, full-bladed type A25.7 Screw conveyor, paddle type A25.8 Screw conveyor, ribbon type A25.9 Screw tube conveyor A26 SHUTTLE CONVEYOR A27 SLATE CONVEYORS. A27.1 Slat conveyors A27.2 Slat conveyor with pushers A27.3 Slat band conveyor A28 SLING OR POCKET CONVEYOR A29 STEEL BAND CONVEYOR A30 THROWING MACHINE, VANE TYPE A31 TWIN FLAT TOP CONVEYOR A32 TRANSFER TABLES. A32.1 Transfer tables A32.2 Ball transfer table A32.3 Roller conveyor transfer (right angle) A32.4 Roller conveyor transfer (straight through) A32.5 Roller conveyor turntable A32.6 Roller flight conveyor (accumulating) A32.7 Roller conveyor A32.8 Hinged section A32.9 Wheel conveyor A33 TRIMMER CONVEYOR A34 TRIPPER A35 TROLLEY CONVEYOR A36 VIBRATING CONVEYOR A37 WALLED BELT CONVEYOR A38 WIREMESH BELT CONVEYOR APPENDIX B - EXAMPLE OF A WORK PERMIT ANNEX - LIST OF REFERENCED DOCUMENTS

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