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Static Earthquake

Tutorial Problem
using
NSCP 2001/UBC 97 CODE

by:

Engr. Arnel R. Aguel


Copyright 2006
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Static Earthquake Tutorial Problem

Copyright 2006

Tutorial example of solving problem using NSCP 2001/UBC 97 static earthquake


provisions of the code.

Problem:
A 10-storey RC building which is square in plan has a series of special
moment resisting frames around the perimeter of the building. The floor
loads and the frame dimensions are shown in the figures below.

Fig. 1
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Fig. 2
Design Criteria:
Seismic Zone 4 Z=0.40 (from NSCP table 208-3 & Figure 208-1 page 2-39)
Importance Factor I=1.0 (from NSCP table 208-1 page 2-38)
Soil Profile Type (Dense Soil & Soft Rock) = Sc (from NSCP table 208-2
page 2-39)
Seismic Source Type A
- Near Source Factor Na=1.0 (from NSCP table 208-4 page 2-39)
- Near Source Factor Nv=1.0 (from NSCP table 208-5 page 2-39)
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Static Earthquake Tutorial Problem

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Required:
1. Calculate the total base shear (V) of the structure.
2. Calculate the storey shear at each level.
3. Calculate the overturning moment at base level (ground level).

Solution:
I. Solving for the total base shear V:
a) The structure is more than 3 stories in level, hence, the simplified equation for
base shear in eq (208-11) cannot be used.
b) The structure is also less than 75m in height and it has a regular framing system
all throughout the top most level, thus, equivalent Static Force Procedure can be
used in solving the problem.
c) From NSCP table 208-7 page 2-40 it can be found that for seismic zone 4 and soil
type profile Sc the seismic coefficient Ca & Cv are the following:
Ca=0.40Na or simply 0.40 since Na is given as 1.0
Cv=0.56Nv or simply 0.56 since Na is given as 1.0
d) From NSCP table 208-11 page 2-46 it can also be found that for SMRF RC
structure the overstrength factor R=8.5
e) Solving for the period T:
T= Ct (hn)

eq (208-8) page 2-44

Where Ct=0.0731 for RC structures (NSCP section 208.5.2.2 page 2-44)


T= (0.0731)(35.0)
T=1.05 sec.
f) Solving for the base shear V:
V=CvI W
RT

eq (208-4) page 2-44

Where W=total dead weight of the structure in KN


W= (6600)(9)+7000
W=66,400 KN
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Static Earthquake Tutorial Problem

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V=(0.56)(1.0)(66,400) = 4,166.27 KN
(8.5)(1.05)
Other provisions of the code must be satisfied before using the result of eq. (208-4).
The total design base shear must not exceed the following:
V=2.5CaI W
R

eq (208-5) page 2-44

V=(2.5)(0.40)(1.0)(66,400)
(8.5)
V=7,811.76 KN > 4,166.27 KN (ok)

Also the total design base shear must not be less than the following:
V=0.11CaIW

eq (208-6) page 2-44

V=(0.11)(0.40)(1.0)(66,400)
V=2,921.60 KN < 4,166.27 (ok)
In addition, for seismic zone 4, the total base shear also shall not be less than the
following:
V=0.8ZNvI W
R

eq (208-7) page 2-44

V=(0.80)(0.40)(1.0)(1.0)(66,400)
8.5
V=2,499.76 KN < 4,166.27 KN (ok)

Therefore, the total design base shear of the structure is:


V=4,166.27 KN (Answer for question 1)

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NSCP 2001/UBC 97 Code

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Static Earthquake Tutorial Problem

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II. Solving for the storey shear at each level:


a) The total force (base shear) shall be distributed over the height of the structure in
accordance with the following equation.
n

V= Ft + Fi

eq (208-13) page 2-47

i=1

Where Ft is the concentrated load located at the top most level and Fi is the
summation of forces distributed at each level of the structure. Thus, in order to
satisfy eq (208-13) we must solve first Ft and Fi from the equations below.

Ft=0.07TV

eq (208-14) page 2-47

Ft=(0.07)(1.05)(4,166.27)
Ft=306.25 KN
However, the code says that the value of Ft need not exceed the following.
Ft=0.25V
Ft=(0.25)(4,166.25)
Ft=1,041.56 KN >306.25KN (ok)
Therefore, Ft=306.25 Governs.

Additionally Ft may be considered zero when the period T0.70 sec. In our case
since T=1.05 so Ft must be considered acting in full intensity at the top most level.

b) Solving for the distributed force at each level Fx:


Fx=(V-Ft)Wxhx

eq (208-15) page 2.47

Wihi
i=1

V-Ft=4,166.27-306.22
V-Ft=3,860.05 KN
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NSCP 2001/UBC 97 Code

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Static Earthquake Tutorial Problem

Level
1 (i)
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Roof (n)

V-Ft
3,860.05
3,860.05
3,860.05
3,860.05
3,860.05
3,860.05
3,860.05
3,860.05
3,860.05
3,860.05
3,860.05

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Wx
6,600
6,600
6,600
6,600
6,600
6,600
6,600
6,600
6,600
7,000
6,600

hx
0
3.5
7.0
10.5
14.0
17.5
21.0
24.5
28.0
31.5
35.0

Wxhx
0.00
23,100
46,200
69,300
92,400
115,500
138,600
161,700
184,800
220,500
231,000

Fx
0.00
69.49
138.99
208.48
277.97
347.47
416.96
486.45
555.95
663.35
694.94

1,283,100

3,860.05

c) Drawing the Force and Shear diagram at each level.

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III. Solving for the overturning moment at base level (ground level):
n

Mo = Ft hn + Fi hi
i=1

Mo = [(306.25 + 694.94) (35)] + (663.35)(31.5) + (555.95)(28) + (486.45)(24.5) +


(416.96)(21) + (347.47)(17.5) + (277.97)(14) + (208.48)(10.5) + (138.99)(7) +
(69.49)(3.5)
Mo = 105,555.45 KN-M (Answer for question 3)

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NSCP 2001/UBC 97 Code

by: Engr. Arnel R. Aguel

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