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STUDIA UNIVERSITATIS PETRU MAIOR, SERIES OECONOMICA, FASCICULUS 1, anul IV, 2010, ISSN 1843-1127

SOCIETATEA INFORMAIONAL PREMIS A DEZVOLTRII DURABILE NTR-O ECONOMIE COMPETITIV INFORMATION SOCIETY - SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT PREMISE IN A COMPETITIVE ECONOMY
Ioana Maria Ghidiu Bta1 Tatiana Dnescu2
1 Student-doctorand La ASE Bucureti, specializarea ECONOMIE 2 Universitatea Petru-Maior Tg. Mure, Str. N. Iorga, Nr. 1, Catedra de Finane-Contabilitate) Abstract: Avnd n vedere caracterul de instabilitate Abstract: Taking into consideration the instability ce freamt la nivel global, orice iniiativ economic thrilling at a global level recently, any current actual trebuie s in cont de aspectele durabile. economic initiative must take into account Informaia creeaz un fundament pentru aciune i sustainable aspects. Information creates a basis for decizie, ducnd ulterior la bunstare economic i action and decision, subsequently leading to sustenabilitate. Dinamismul i complexitatea noului economic prosperity and sustainability. Dynamism tip de societate, care antreneaz o cretere continu a and complexity of the new type of society, which volumului i diversitii informaiilor prelucrate i causes a continuous increase in volume and diversity care utilizeaz pe scar larg tehnologiile informaiei of information processed and widely used i comunicaiilor (TIC), au condus la conceptul de information and communication technologies (ICTs) Societate Informaional. ntr-o viziune integratoare, have led to the concept of Information Society. In an dezvoltarea durabil i societatea informaional nu integrating vision of sustainable development and sunt altceva dect intervenii necesare pentru information society are nothing more than the asigurarea bunstrii generaiilor viitoare. necessary works for the welfare of future generations.

Cuvinte cheie: Societatea informaional, dezvoltare


durabil, Instabilitate, Sustenabilitate Tehnologia informaiei,

Keywords:

Information Society, development, instability thrilling, tehnology, sustainability

sustainable information

Clasificare JEL: C15, D83, O30, Q01

JEL Classification: C15, D83, O30, Q01

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Ioana Maria Ghidiu Bta, Tatiana Dnescu

1 INTRODUCERE
Pe fondul persistenei unor riscuri

INTRODUCTION
Amid persistent international

economice i ecologice internaionale (precum environmental and economic risks (such as the prezenta criz financiar, limitarea resurselor, present financial crisis, scarce resources, problems probleme cu hrana, educaia i sntatea), viitorul with nutrition, education and health), the future lies nseamn gsirea de soluii viabile, ce pot aduce in finding viable solutions that can bring economic beneficii economice i sociale, ns cu respectarea and social benefits, but with environmental condiiilor de mediu.[12] Constituindu-se ntr-una compliance. [12] One of the major challenges and dintre provocrile majore i domeniile de areas of intervention is necessary for the welfare of intervenie necesare pentru asigurarea bunstrii future generations to global information sector is generaiilor viitoare la nivel global, este necesar ca necessary to focus on sustainable alternatives. sectorul informaional s se orienteze ctre Nowadays, information is an essential resource in alternative durabile. resurs esenial n dezvoltarea the development of modern societies, evolved in societilor complexity of the new type of society, which n zilele noastre, informaia devine o the political, economic and social. Dynamism and moderne, evoluate n plan politic, economic i causes a continuous increase in volume and social. Dinamismul i complexitatea noului tip de diversity of information processed and widely used societate, care antreneaz o cretere continu a information care utilizeaz pe scar larg and communication technologies volumului i diversitii informaiilor prelucrate i (ICTs) have led to the concept of Information tehnologiile Society. [13] Information Society represents a new informaiei i comunicaiilor (TIC), au condus la stage human civilization, a new way of living, conceptul de Societate informaional.[13] higher quality, which involves intensive use of Societatea informaional reprezint o nou etap a information in all spheres of human activity and civilizaiei umane, un nou mod de via, calitativ existence, with a significant economic and social superior, care umane, cu un implic folosirea intensiv impact economic i a impact. informaiei n toate sferele activitii i existenei social

semnificativ.

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STUDIA UNIVERSITATIS PETRU MAIOR, SERIES OECONOMICA, FASCICULUS 1, anul IV, 2010, ISSN 1843-1127

2. DEZVOLTAREA DURABIL SOCIETII INFORMAIONALE NECESITATE I RAIONAMENT

A 2. SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF INFORMATION SOCIETY NECESSITY AND RATIONALE


Future objective is to increase overall community awareness and collaboration across the world. Information creates a basis for action and decision, prosperity approach, subsequently and leading to economic the must

Obiectivul viitor al comunitii globale este de a crete gradul de contientizare i colaborare de-a lungul lumii. Informaia creaz un fundament pentru aciune i decizie, ducnd ulterior la bunstare economic i sustenabilitate. Indiferent de abordare, dezvoltarea durabil trebuie s asigure concomitent, dezvoltarea economic, bunstarea social i protecia mediului. 2.1 Dezvoltarea durabil ansa generaiilor viitoare Dezvoltarea durabil este un concept multidimensional i n permanent evoluie. Cu greu se poate descoperi o definiie a dezvoltrii durabile care s ntruneasc acordul tuturor actorilor implicai. Dezvoltarea durabil se refer la un tip de dezvoltare economic, social i uman care rspunde nevoilor generaiilor prezente, fr a compromite sau a limita capacitatea generaiilor viitoare de a-i satisface, la rndul lor, aceste nevoi.[7] n acest sens, n centrul ideii de dezvoltare durabil se afl conceptul social. Obiectivul principal al dezvoltrii durabile este, aadar, realizarea creterii economice sustenabile, care s amelioreze condiiile de via ale comunitilor umane i s contribuie la realizarea echilibrului ecologic i social. n procesul de dezvoltare durabil, educaia, cultura i civismul, transparena i eficacitatea deciziilor, diplomaia,

sustainability.

Whatever

sustainable

development

simultaneously provide economic development, social welfare and environmental protection. 2.1 Sustainable development - the chance of future generations Sustainable multidimensional development concept and is a

continuous

improvement. It is hard to find a definition of sustainable development that meets the agreement of all actors involved. Sustainable development refers to a type of economic, social and human needs of present generations without compromising or limiting the ability of future generations to meet, in turn, these needs. [7] In this sense, central idea is the concept of sustainable development office. The main objective of sustainable development is, therefore, achieve sustainable economic growth, to improve the living conditions of human

communities and to contribute to social and ecological balance. In the process of sustainable development, education, culture and civics,

transparency and effectiveness of the decisions, diplomacy, the environment becomes strategic milestones.

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mediul devin repere strategice.

In an integrating vision of sustainable "is nothing but a project of

ntr-o viziune integratoare, dezvoltarea development

durabil nu este altceva dect un proiect de civilization." Sustainable development is a new civilizaie. Dezvoltarea durabil reprezint o nou development path that supports human progress not cale de dezvoltare care susine progresul uman nu only in a few places and for some years, but the numai n cteva locuri i pentru civa ani, ci whole world population and a long future. [14] pentru populaia ntregii planete i ntr-un viitor Sustainable development subsumes and correlate ndelungat.[14] Dezvoltarea durabil subsumeaz i the pune n corelaie urmtoarele following elements: expansion, growth elemente: progress, development and underdevelopment, dual

expansiunea, creterea, progresul, dezvoltarea i purpose, economic and human development. subdezvoltarea, cu dubl finalitate, dezvoltarea economic i dezvoltarea uman. 2.2 Sustenabilitatea societii informaionale de la declin la progres n economia romneasc 2.2 Sustainability of Information Society - from decline to growth in the Romanian economy The transition to information society is

Trecerea la societatea informaional este essential in obtaining maximum benefit by using esenial n obinerea maximului de beneficii prin digital technologies and the Internet in order to utilizarea tehnologiilor digitale i a Internetului n achieve sustainable development, increasing scopul realizrii dezvoltrii durabile, creterii productivity and competitiveness, creating new productivitii i competitivitii, al crerii de noi jobs and supporting social and societal progress. locuri de munc i al susinerii progresului social i [11] It is important to understand the link between societal.[11] Este important s nelegem legtura information society and sustainable development, dintre societatea informaional i dezvoltarea how these concepts exploit environmental durabil, modul n care aceste concepte valorific resources and social and economic forces. Regional resursele de mediu i cele sociale, precum i forele priorities and agendas build how information economice. Prioritile i agendele regionale society develops. [14] Understanding this dynamic, construiesc modul n care societatea informaional we can identify how the information can help to se dezvolt.[14] nelegnd aceast dinamic, create alternative sustainable. putem identifica modul n care sectorul informatic poate contribui la crearea de alternative susteabile.. Advance the global information society is seen as a necessary development to ensure

Avansul ctre societatea informaional pe sustainable development in the context of the "new plan mondial este considerat ca o evoluie necesar economy" based primarily on intellectual products pentru asigurarea dezvoltrii durabile n contextul and activities - intensive, and for achieving noii economii, bazat n principal, pe produse i advanced social and human civilization.

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activiti intelectual intensive, precum i pentru Information Society is more than the advancement realizarea unei civilizaii socio-umane avansate. of technology and information and communication Societatea informaional nseamn mai mult dect applications, it integrates and dimensions: social, progresul tehnologiei i aplicaiilor informaticii i environmental, cultural, economic. [5] Building the comunicaiilor, ea integrnd i dimensiunile: Information Society is a comprehensive, complex Social, Ambiental, Cultural, Economic. [5] and long term, its basic components such as Construirea societii informaionale este un proces technological, financial, economic, social and amplu, complex i de lung durat, componentele cultural. sale de baz fiind de natur tehnologic, financiar, economic, social i cultural. Productivity growth is seen as a

prerequisite for success in the market and the of communications and information

Creterea productivitii este privit ca o impact condiie a reuitei pe pia, iar

impactul technology (ICT) on productivity growth is well

comunicaiilor i tehnologiei informaiei (TIC) known. ICT is likely to stimulate the development asupra creterii productivitii este bine cunoscut. of extensive and intensive production of goods and Utilizarea TIC este de natur a stimula dezvoltarea services sector. Regarding the extensive extensiv i intensiv a sectorului produciei de development, [4] ICT offers the opportunity for bunuri i servicii. n ceea ce privete dezvoltarea Romanian companies to access new markets at extensiv, [4] TIC ofera oportunitatea firmelor regional and global levels, or to promote and sell romneti de a accesa noi piee, pe plan regional i products and services by electronic means global, sau de a promova i comercializa produse i domestic. Intensive development is due to lower servicii pe piaa intern prin mijloace electronice. production costs, administration and sales due to Dezvoltarea intensiv se datoreaz scderii the use of ICT, as a result of significant costurilor de producie, administrare i desfacere productivity growth factors used. datorate utilizarii TIC, ca urmare a creterii semnificative a productivitii factorilor utilizai. Viviane Reding, comisarul Viviane Reding, EU Commissioner for Information Society and Media, which was the

European initiator of the project resulted in the reduction of

pentru Societatea informaional i Media, care a roaming charges, has launched the i2010 initiative fost i iniiatoarea proiectului soldat cu reducerea (European Information Society 2010) as a tarifelor de roaming, a lansat iniiativa i2010 recognition of the great importance of the sector (European Information Society 2010) ca o ICT in meeting their commitments Lisbon agenda. recunoatere a importanei deosebite pe care o are The i2010, Viviane Reding intends triggering a sectorul IT&C n ndeplinirea angajamentelor wave of technological and economic development, asumate pe agenda Lisabona. Prin i2010, Viviane promoting a European information space to create

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Reding

intenioneaz

declanarea

unui

val an open and stable markets for electronic

tehnologic i de dezvoltare economic, promovarea communications and digital services, stimulating unui spaiu informaional european n vederea creativity and innovation by increasing investments crerii unei piee deschise i stabile pentru in research, encouraging the development of comunicaiile electronice i serviciile digitale, industrial application ICT, the creation of a stimularea creativitii i inovaiei prin creterea European information society more accessible and investiiilor n cercetare, ncurajarea dezvoltrii to address all social and age categories. [15] aplicaiei industriale a TIC, crearea unei societi Compared to previous years, when informaionale europene mult mai accesibil i care Romania ranks last among EU Member States, this s se adreseze tuturor categoriilor sociale i de year three EU countries are located where our vrst.[15] country as overall competitiveness index [6] (as Fa de anii trecui, cnd Romnia ocupa shown in the table. 1) ultimul loc dintre statele membre UE, anul acesta trei dintre rile membre UE sunt situate dup ara noastr, ca nivel general al indicelui competitivitii [6] (aa cum este ilustrat n tabelul nr. 1)
Tabelul nr. 1. Indicele Global al Competitivitii 2009 2010 / Table number 1. Global Competitiveness Index 2009 2010 Cerine minime (faza I) / minimum requirements (phase i) Loc / Place 3 28 2 5 4 86 60 56 80 Punctaj / Score 5,28 5,23 5,99 5,96 5,98 4,10 4,45 4,49 4,13 Cerine de eficien (faza II) / efficiency requirements (phase ii) Loc / Place 3 1 2 7 6 49 51 57 62 Punctaj / Score 5,39 5,66 5,61 5,31 5,36 4,25 4,21 4,13 4,08 Cerine de inovare (faza III) / innovation requirements (phase iii) Loc / Punctaj / Place Score 3 5,68 1 10 4 7 75 86 66 89 5,71 5,15 5,53 5,28 3,44 3,36 3,59 3,29

ara / country

Index global / global index Loc / Place Punctaj / Score 5,60 5,59 5,55 5,51 5,46 4,11 4,06 4,04 4,02

Elveia / Switzerland SUA / USA Singapore Suedia / Sweden Danemarca / Denmark Romnia / Romania Letonia / Latvia Grecia / Greece Bulgaria

1 2 3 4 5 64 68 71 76

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Sursa: FEM, 2009 / Source: EMF, 2009 Indicele societii durabile (ISD) ia n calcul dezvoltarea durabil evalund criteriile account Brundtland extinse, mai exact ia n calcul assessing generaiilor actuale; nealterarea Sustainable Society Index (SSI) take into sustainable extended development Brundtland, criteria for

specifically

urmtoarele trei aspecte: [10] satisfacerea nevoilor consider the following three aspects: [10] needs of posibilitii present generations; unalter ability of future generaiilor viitoare de a-i satisface propriile generations to meet their own needs, each nevoi; posibilitatea fiecrui individ de a se dezvolta individual's ability freedom to develop in a n libertate, n cadrul unei societi echilibrate i n balanced society and in harmony with the armonie cu mediul nconjurtor. ntr-o imagine de environment. In an overview, the index of ansamblu, indicele societii durabile[3] adreseaz sustainable society [3] addressed issues such as probleme precum mpuinarea resurselor, aspecte scarcity of resources, ecological and environmental ecologice i de mediu i calitatea vieii. issues and quality of life.

3. ANALIZA ECONOMIE

SUSTENABILITII NECESITATEA
informaional

N 3.

SUSTAINABILITY THE

ANALYSIS NEED FOR

IN A

UNUI ECONOMY

MODEL DURABIL
Societatea integreaz

SUSTAINABLE MODEL
Information Society incorporating

obiectivele dezvoltrii durabile, bazat pe dreptate sustainable development objectives, based on social i egalitate a anselor, protecie ecologic, social libertate, diversitate cultural i justice and equal opportunities, cultural dezvoltare environmental

protection,

freedom,

inovativ, restructurarea industriei i a mediului diversity and innovative development, restructuring afaceri.[13] Indicatorii utilizai pentru a cuantifica and business environment [13]. The indicators used to measure the

societatea informaional din Romnia scot n Information Society in Romania reveal a strong eviden un trend puternic ascendent n ultimii ani upward trend in recent years in the IT field. n domeniul IT. Sectorul comunicaiilor reprezint Communications sector is one of the most dynamic unul dintre cele mai dinamice domenii din fields of national economy, which is very attractive economia naional, fiind foarte atractiv pentru to foreign investors. The report EITO (European investitorii strini. Conform raportului EITO Information Technology Observatory) ICT market (European Information Tehnology Observatory) in Romania has been one of the highest rates of piaa TIC din Romnia a nregistrat una dintre cele growth. ICT contribution to economic growth mai mari rate de cretere. Contribuia TIC la depends on development of communications and creterea economic depinde att de dezvoltarea information technology and the utilization of ICT

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sectorului de comunicaii i tehnologia informaiei, in the economy. Romania's progress in information ct i de gradul de utilizare a TIC n economie. society and its future opportunities are far from Progresul Romniei n domeniul societii satisfactory. [8] An indicator of the situation in Romania is the information society in IT spending. Below we informaionale i oportunitile sale viitoare sunt departe de a fi satisfctoare. [8]

Un indicator relevant al situaiei societii present the evolution of IT spending in the period informaionale n Romnia este nivelul cheltuielilor 2000-2009. n domeniul IT. n continuare vom prezenta evoluia cheltuielilor IT n perioada 2000 2009.

Figura 1. Evoluia cheltuielilor TIC n PIB / Figure 1. Evolution of expenses ICT in GDP

Ponderea cheltuielilor TIC n PIB / ICT spending share in GDP 1,6

1,4 1,34 1,28 1,2 1,23 1,14 % din PIB / % of GDP 1 0,89 0,8 Ponderea cheltuielilor TIC n PIB / ICT spending share in GDP 1,28 1,2 1,1 1,1 1,3

0,6

0,4

0,2

0 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

Sursa:EUROSTAT/ Source: EUROSTAT

n figura 1 putem observa cu uurint

In Figure 1 we can easily see the evolution

evoluia cheltuielilor n domeniul tehnologiei. n of spending in technology sector. IT spending in 2009 cheltuielile IT reprezentau doar 1,3 % din 2009 represented only 1.3% of GDP in Romania. PIB-ul Romniei. Printre cauze s-ar putea enumera: Among the causes might include: lack of funding,

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STUDIA UNIVERSITATIS PETRU MAIOR, SERIES OECONOMICA, FASCICULUS 1, anul IV, 2010, ISSN 1843-1127

lipsa finanrii, investiiile reduse din domeniul reduced public investment, and poor use of public, precum i slaba utilizare a tehnologiei information technology to the operators. informaionale la nivelul agenilor economici. Pentru reducerea decalajelor fa de media be To reduce the gap with the EU average to achieved as more investment in ICT

UE trebuie realizate ct mai multe investiii n infrastructure. Investments in ICT infrastructure infrastructura TIC. Investiiile n infrastructura TIC characterize the percentage of innovation in a caracterizeaz procentul de inovaie ntr-o societate knowledge society. bazat pe cunoatere. Modelul funciei sustenabilitii garantia unei The sustainability function model guarantee economii durabile Modelul funciei sustenabilitii for a sustainable economy The correlation function given as

expliciteaz corelaia (mecanismul) dintre funcia sustainability (mechanism) of the function of sustenabilitii i ritmul PIB, pornind de la ecuaia sustainability and pace of GDP, from the classical clasic a dinamicii datoriei publice:[1] Dt Dt 1 = itDt 1 + t + at Dt 1 B t , (1) equation of the dynamics of public debt: [1] Dt Dt
1

= itDt

+ t + at Dt

(1)

unde i este rata medie a dobnzii nominale aferent where i is the average nominal interest rate on datoriei publice, deficitul primar (fr dobnzi public debt, - primary deficit (excluding interest pltite), a efectul reevalurii asupra datoriei paid), the - the revaluation of existing debt (in existente (n Romnia acesta este n ntregime Romania it is entirely due to the effective exchange datorat deprecierii ratei de schimb efective a rate depreciation of the Lion) and B - Direct Leului) i B finanarea direct a bugetului de la financing Central Bank of the budget, but written Banca Central, scris ns, dup raportarea la PIB after the GDP report and a number of other changes i o serie de alte transformri, n urmtoarea form: in the following form: dt dt 1 = ( it + at gt ) [ dt 1 / ( 1 + gt ) ] + t b t dt dt 1 = ( it + at gt ) [ dt 1 / ( 1 + gt ) ] + t b t (2), unde dt i dt1 sunt ponderile n PIB ale datoriei (2), where dt and dt1 shares in GDP of public sectorului public n doi ani consecutivi, sector debt in two consecutive years, - public deficitul sectorului public primar ca pondere n PIB sector primary deficit to GDP (denoted Y), g (notat cu Y), g ritmul anual al modificrii PIB- annual rate of change in nominal GDP and b is B ului nominal i b este B/Y. n mod alternativ, am / Y. Alternatively, we approximated the nominal aproximat rata de cretere nominal g ca sum a growth rate g as the sum of change in GDP modificrii deflatorului PIB, p, i rata real de deflator, p, and real GDP growth rate, q, rewriting cretere a PIB, q, rescriind ecuaia (1) dup cum equation (1) as follows: urmeaz:

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dt dt 1 = ( i*t qt) [ dt 1 / ( 1 + gt ) ] + t bt (3)

dt dt 1 = ( i*t qt) [ dt 1 / ( 1 + gt ) ] + t bt (3)

unde i* este definit ca o rat medie compozit a where i* is defined as a composite average real dobnzii reale efective a datoriei sectorului public effective interest rate of public sector debt (it is (ea este egal cu rata dobnzii medii reale, i-p, plus equal to the average real interest rate, i-p, plus the efectul de reevaluare). Pornind de la ecuaia (3), effect of the revaluation). Starting from equation printr-o serie de transformri am obinut (3), through a series of transformations we obtained urmtoarele dou expresii pentru funcia pe care the following two expressions for the function that am denumit-o a sustenabilitii (i* l-am notat n we called it the "sustainability" (i* noted still is): continuare cu is): f1 (, b, is, q, p, d) = [ ( - b) / d) ] + (is q) / (1 + p + q) (4) f2 (, b, is, q, p, d) = [ ( - b) / d) ] + (is q) / (1 + p + q + pq) (5) Condiia fundamental f1 (, b, is, q, p, d) = [ ( - b) / d) ] + (is q) / (1 + p + q) (4) f2 (, b, is, q, p, d) = [ ( - b) / d) ] + (is q) / (1 + p + q + pq) (5) pentru Fundamental condition for sustainability is that the

sustenabilitate este ca funcia f(, b, is, q, p) s function f (, b, is, q, p) tend to zero in the dynamic tind n dinamic spre zero (sau cel puin spre o (or at least to a small constant value). The model valoare constant mic). Simularea modelului pe simulation period 1990-2009 data showed that after datele perioadei 1990-2009 a demonstrat c, dup the onset of transition (1990-1992), the function of perioada de debut a tranziiei (1990-1992), funcia sustainability has entered a regime of oscillations, sustenabilitii a intrat ntr-un regim de oscilaii, but its values being placed in an area near the dar valorile sale plasndu-se ntr-o zon din equilibrium value . However, there remains the vecintatea valorii de echilibru. Totui, persist danger of skidding to a sudden danger zone. pericolul deraprii neprevzute spre o zon Therefore, further efforts are needed to study the periculoas. De aceea, sunt necesare n continuare behavior of the default terms of sustainability and eforturi n vederea studierii comportamentului function loops or virtuous or vicious circles that termenilor funciei sustenabilitii i implicit al may occur in the dynamic economy. buclelor sau cercurilor vicioase ori virtuoase care pot apare n dinamica economiei. Prima cale de mbuntire a parametrilor The first way to improve the sustainability funciei sustenabilitii, cea mai direct de altfel, function parameters, the most direct otherwise, the este aceea a acionrii asupra primului termen, drive is the first time, namely the difference - b. anume diferena - b. Reducerea deficitelor Reducing budget deficits, that the parameter is bugetare, respectiv a parametrului este cea mai the most direct and economically healthy . It is,

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direct i cea mai sntoas din punct de vedere however, as is well known, strictly limited to economic. Ea este ns, dup cum bine se tie, strict general needs, particularly social, functioning of limitat de necesitile generale, ndeosebi de ordin state and governments to promote institutional social, ale funcionrii statului i ale promovrii de reforms. Also acting on the parameter b, ie use the ctre guverne a reformelor instituionale. De monetary lever is extremely dangerous, any asemenea, acionarea asupra parametrului b, adic increase in value resulting inflationary spiral. folosirea prghiei monetare, este deosebit de periculoas, orice cretere a valorii sale antrennd spirala inflaionist. Dac sustenabilitii primul exprim termen impactul al funciei If the first term of the sustainability expressing the impact of direct politicilor function

guvernamentale directe (politicile bugetare) i government policies (the budget policies) and that respectiv pe acela al autoritii monetare centrale of the central monetary authority (monetary (politicile monetare), cel de-al doilea, exprimat prin policy), the second as expressed by the (is-q) / (1 + raportul (is-q)/(1+p+q) sau mai precis (is- p + q) or better (is-q) / (1 + p + q + pq), describes

q)/(1+p+q+pq), descrie comportamentul economiei the behavior of the real economy. Key variables on reale. Variabilele eseniale asupra crora ar trebui which action should be taken in this case is the acionat n acest caz sunt rata dobnzii, is, dinamica interest rate is, the dynamics of prices, p, and that preurilor, p, i respectiv ritmul creterii growth rate, q.

economice, q. Ipotezele care au stat la baza modelelor The assumptions were the basis for

analizate sunt relativ simple, fiind folosite pe larg analysis is relatively simple models were used n studiile macroeconomice standard. Ele se refer extensively in standard macroeconomic studies. la existena unei n corelaii de directe, ctre pozitiv, They concern the existence of a direct correlation, evidenele positive, as demonstrated by statistical evidence in demonstrat general

statistice, att ntre rata investiiilor () i ritmul general, between the investment rate () and GDP creterii PIB (q), pe de-o parte, ct i ntre rata growth rate (q), on the one hand and between the investiiilor i randamentul acestora (), pe de alt rate of return on their investment and ( ), on the parte n orice domeniu al economiei, deci i n other hand in any area of the economy, and hence domeniul IT. O alt ipotez folosit de noi este in IT. Another hypothesis is that we use implies aceea care presupune c, la limit, n cazul unui that the limit for a return on investment equal to the randament al investiiilor egal cu rata dobnzii interest rate (denoted by i or is), the investment (notat cu i sau cu is), procesul investiional va fi process will be halted, ie = 0 (in this case limit ,

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Ioana Maria Ghidiu Bta, Tatiana Dnescu

stopat, adic = 0 (n acest caz-limit, actorii economic actors will be inclined to make their economici vor fi nclinai s-i depun economiile savings from banks, investment, placement as an lor la bnci, investiia, ca alternativ de plasare a alternative to capital or savings, neaducndu them capitalului sau economiilor proprii, neaducndu-le any extra profit). nici un profit suplimentar).

CONCLUZII
Principala preocupare a autoarelor a fost s dezvoltarea durabil pot funciona

CONCLUSIONS
The main concern of the authors was to that the information society and

evidenieze faptul c societatea informaional i highlight

eficient sustainable development can work effectively

mpreun, ducnd la crearea unui viitor mai bun n together, resulting in creating a better future in the sectoarele economiei naionale. Provocarea global este viteza cu care national economy sectors. Global Challenge is the speed with which

putem rspunde i cu care ne putem regenera we respond and we can regenerate the economies economiile i societile pentru a putea ulterior and societies in order to then turn on the ecological porni mai departe cu demersurile ecologice sau and social welfare efforts. We can not promote a sociale de bunstare. Nu putem promova o global economy as long as many people live in economie global atta timp ct muli oameni poverty or have no access to appropriate triesc la limita srciei sau nu au acces la sisteme information systems. adecvate de informare. Drept urmare, creterea economic va As a result, economic growth will stagnate stagna momentan, pn cnd vom avea toate the moment until we have all the details to go on. coordonatele pentru a merge mai departe. Regulations, policies have. Their problem is lack of Reglementri, politici avem. Problema lor este flexibility to the frequent changes and capitation lipsa de flexibilitate la schimbrile frecvente i adjustment to the local poor. When we solve this capitatea slab de adaptare la specificul local. Cnd problem by keeping the specific and general vom rezolva aceast problem de pstrare a standards have, however, global, coupled with a specificului i a avea totui standarde generale social situation (living standard, job satisfaction, globale, dublate de o situaie social (nivel de trai, general welfare of the population) satisfactory, we satisfacie a muncii, bunstare general a can move forward to create a sustainable future in populaiei) satisfctoare, vom putea merge mai global good. departe pentru a crea un viitor sustenabil mai bun la nivel global.

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STUDIA UNIVERSITATIS PETRU MAIOR, SERIES OECONOMICA, FASCICULUS 1, anul IV, 2010, ISSN 1843-1127

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