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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower

Joint Stock Company.

CONTENTS
CONTENTS ............................................................................. Error! Bookmark not defined. TABLE LIST ........................................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined. ABBREVIATION LIST.......................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined. FOREWORD ........................................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined. 1. PROJECT NAME................................................................................................................. 8 2. PROJECT MANAGER ........................................................................................................ 8 3. GEOGRAPHICAL POSITION OF THE PROJECT ....................................................... 9 4. CHANGES IN CONTENT OF THE PROJECT ............................................................. 10 4.1. Change in implementation location................................................................................ 10 4.2. Change in scale of project .............................................................................................. 11 4.3. Change in basic design of work categories .................................................................... 12 4.3.1. Pressure route:........................................................................................................ 12 4.3.2. Energy route:........................................................................................................... 13 4.4. Change in land using demand of the project .................................................................. 17 4.5. Change in construction volume ...................................................................................... 17 4.6. Change in demand for machines and equipment............................................................ 19 4.7. Change in demand for materials and fuels ..................................................................... 20 4.8. Change in project implementation progress ................................................................... 20 4.9. Change in total investment ............................................................................................. 21 4.10. Change in compensation and resettlement ................................................................... 22 5. CHANGE IN REALITIES OF NATURAL ENVIRONMENT AND ECONOMIC, SOCIAL FACTORS OF THE PROJECT AREA................................................................ 22 5.1. Change in geomorphology and geologic........................................................................ 23 5.1.1. Change in topography adn geomorphology:........................................................... 23 5.1.2. Change in features of engineering geology: ........................................................... 23 5.1.3. Change in hydrological geology:. ........................................................................... 25 5.1.4. Change in dynamic geology:. .................................................................................. 25 5.1.5. Change in probability of earthquake: ..................................................................... 26 5.1.6. Change in minerals: ................................................................................................ 26 5.2. Change in meteorological conditions ............................................................................. 26 5.2.1. Changing climate, meteorology: ............................................................................. 26 5.2.2. Changing hydrographic characteristics: ................................................................ 27 5.3. Change in elements of natural environmental realities .................................................. 31 5.3.1. Air and microclimate environment: ........................................................................ 31 5.3.2. Water environment:................................................................................................. 32 5.4. Change in economic - social conditions ......................................................................... 34 5.4.1. Economic - social conditions in Kon Ray district:.................................................. 34 5.4.1.1 Economy:........................................................................................................... 34 5.4.1.2 Culture and society: .......................................................................................... 35 5.4.2 Economic - social conditions in Kon Plong district: .............................................. 35 5.4.2.1 Economy:........................................................................................................... 35 5.4.2.2 Culture and society: .......................................................................................... 36 5.4.3. Economic - social conditions in Dak Tang commune:............................................ 36 5.4.3.1. Economy:.......................................................................................................... 36 5.4.3.2. Culture and society: ......................................................................................... 37 6. CHANGE IN ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS AND MEASURES TO MINIMIZE NEGATIVE IMPACTS OF THE PROJECT....................................................................... 39 6.1. Change in environmental impacts of the project............................................................ 39 6.1.1. Preparation and construction period:..................................................................... 39
Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

6.1.1.1. Change in impacts because of waste:............................................................... 39 6.1.1.2. Change in impacts not because of waste: ........................................................ 40 6.1.1.3. Change in risk of environmental problems:..................................................... 41 6.1.2.Water accumulation and plant operation period: .................................................... 41 6.1.2.1. Change in impacts relating to waste:............................................................... 41 6.1.2.2 Change in impacts not because of waste: ......................................................... 45 6.1.2.3. Change in risks, environmental problems:....................................................... 58 6.2. Measures to minimize negative impacts of the project .................................................. 59 6.2.1. Preparation and construction period:..................................................................... 59 6.2.2. Period of storing water in reservoir and operating hydropower plant: ................. 65 6.2.2.1. Minimize impacts on quality of surrounding environment: ............................. 65 6.2.2.2. Minimize impacts on lake water quality and lowlands: ................................... 67 6.2.2.3. Minimize impacts due to current change: ........................................................ 68 6.2.2.4. Surface erosion resistance on catchment area of reservoir, reservoir foundation sedimentation: ............................................................................................. 69 6.2.2.5. Minimizing erosion and collapse of downstream: ........................................... 70 6.2.2.6. Minimizing probability of losing water of reservoir:....................................... 70 6.2.2.7. Minimizing impacts on ecological system:....................................................... 71 6.2.2.8. Minimizing impacts on economy - society: ...................................................... 71 6.3. Minimizing environmental problems ............................................................................. 72 6.3.1. Minimizing risk due to dam breaking: .................................................................... 72 6.3.2. Prevention of fire, explosion and industrial safety: ................................................ 74 7. CHANGE IN ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGING AND MONITORING PROGRAM OF THE PROJECT ................................................................................................................ 75 7.1. Change in environmental managing program ................................................................ 75 7.1.1. Preparation and construction period:..................................................................... 76 7.1.2. Period of storing water in reservoir and operating hydropower plant: ................. 76 7.2. Change in environmental monitoring program .............................................................. 77 7.2.1. Preparation and construction period:..................................................................... 77 7.2.1.1. Monitoring air environment:............................................................................ 77 7.2.1.2. Monitoring water environment: ....................................................................... 77 7.2.1.3. Monitoring ecological environment:................................................................ 79 7.2.1.4. Monitoring hydrometeorological environment:............................................... 79 7.2.1.5. Monotoring soil erosion:.................................................................................. 79 7.2.1.6. Monitoring compensation, resettlement work:................................................. 80 7.2.2. Period of accumulating water into lake and operating hydropower plant:............ 80 7.2.2.1. Monitoring air environment:............................................................................ 80 7.2.2.2. Monitoring water environment: ....................................................................... 80 7.2.2.3. Monitoring quality of ecological environment:................................................ 82 7.2.2.4. Monitoring economic and social environment:................................................ 82 7.2.2.5. Monitoring hydrometeorological environment:............................................... 82 8. OTHER CHARNGES ......................................................................................................... 82 8.1. Suggestions of the communal People's Committee........................................................ 83 8.1.1. People's Committee of k Tang commune: .......................................................... 83 8.1.2. People's Committee of Mang Canh commune: ....................................................... 83 8.1.3. People's Committee of Ngoc Tem commune: .......................................................... 84 8.1.4. People's Committee of of k Koi commune:......................................................... 84 8.2. Suggestions of the Fatherland Front Committee............................................................ 84 8.2.1. Fatherland Front Committee of k Tang commune:............................................ 84 8.2.2. Fatherland Front Committee of Mang Canh commune:......................................... 84 8.2.3. Fatherland Front Committee of Ngoc Tem commune: ........................................... 85
Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

8.2.4. Fatherland Front Committee of k Koi commune: .............................................. 85 9. CONCLUSION.................................................................................................................... 85

TABLE LIST
Table 1: List of direct participants into process of implementation and setting up environmental impacts assessment report................................................................................... 8 Table 2: Limiting coordinates of location of Upper Kon Tum hydropower plant categories .... 9 Table 3: Changes in major specifications of the work.............................................................. 11 Table 4: Change in construction parameters (basic design) of pressure route.......................... 12 Table 5: Change in construction parameters (basic design) of pressure route.......................... 13 Table 6: Land acquisition area of the work............................................................................... 17 Table 7: Major volume of work of Upper Kon Tum hydropower plant ................................... 17 Table 8: Major hydraulic machines, equipments of the Plant................................................... 19 Table 9: Water supply demand for production and living......................................................... 20 Table 10: Summarize investment of the project........................................................................ 21 Table 11: Evaporation on reservoir surface of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Plant (mm). ..... 27 Table 12: Characteristics of river basin morphology to dam site 1A........................................ 27 Table 13: Characteristics of yearly current of work route hydrography................................... 28 Table 14: Design flood peak on Upper Kon Tum dam site 1A ................................................ 29 Table 15: Flood peak on plant route 4 of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower.................................. 29 Table 16: Floor peak at opening S1and S2................................................................................ 29 Table 17: Total design flood volume at the dam site 1A...........................................................30 Table 18: Flood peak volume during months of dry season at dam site 1A............................. 30 Table 19: Measurement and analysis results of air, microclimate environment....................... 31 Table 20: Measurement and analysis results of surface water environment............................. 32 Table 21: Measurement and analysis of underground water environment. .............................. 33 Table 22: Statistics of household whose flooded land. ............................................................. 40 Table 23: Flood peak height in September 2009 at the hydrographic station in Kon Tum province..................................................................................................................................... 41 Table 24: Pollution load of the transport means........................................................................ 42 Table 25: Noisy level at some distances (taking into account of spread of noise).................... 43 Table 26: Dirt load/person/day/night ........................................................................................ 43 Table 27: Concentration of pollutants in household waste if not treated.................................. 43 Table 28: Value P in reservoir upon reservoir foundation clearance plans............................... 48 Table 29: Necessary current for maintaining river condition upon Tennant method............... 50 Table 30: Lowstream water supply demand of Upper Kon Tum dam until 2020..................... 51 Table 31: Annual total sludge coming to dam site 1A.............................................................. 53 Table 32: Reservoir accumulation capacity after years of operation........................................ 53 Table 33: Estimated costs of compensation, land clearance, resettlement and infrastructure support of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower plant......................................................................... 63 Table 34: Design flood pek of Upper Kon Tum dam site 1A route.......................................... 69 Table 35: Flood peak discharge during months of dry season at dam site 1A.......................... 69 Table 36: Air environmental monitoring program during preparation and construction.......... 77
Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

Table 37: Water environmental monitoring program during preparation and construction..... 78 Table 38: Air environmental monitoring program during period of storing water in reservoir and operating hydropower plant................................................................................................ 80 Table 39: Water environmental monitoring program during perido of storing water in reservoir and operating hydropower plant................................................................................................ 80

ABBREVIATION PLANT
BQL BTCT CHXHCN CP DA BDTTS TM GPMB KTXH MNC MNDBT N NMT QCVN Q SXLD THCS TT TTg UBMTTQ UBND : Management unit : Reinforced concrete : Socialist republic : Share : Project : Ethnic minority groups : Environmental impacts assessment : Land clearance : Social economy : Dead water level : Retention level : Decree : Hydropower plant : Vietnamese Code : Decision : Erection manufacturing : Junior high school : Circular : Prime Minister : Fatherland Front Committee : People's Committee

Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

FOREWORD
In association with the social-economic development, promotion of industrialization - modernization of the country, demand for electricity is increasing. The Dak SNghe River, a major branch of a river creating Dak Bla River - one of the two large branches of a river forming Se San River with the third large stored hydropower energy in Vietnam. Vinh Son - Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company undertakes setting up Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project to provide the National Grid with electricity, enhance welfare of the people and local economy in particular and Tay Nguyen provinces in general. Besides, the Project also adds irrigation water resources for Tra Khuc River basin, Quang Ngai province. Apart from above positive impacts, undertaking construction and putting project into operation shall cause unexpected impacts on the environment (air, water, land, flora and fauna etc) and economy - society in region (transformation of professions, resettlement and agricultural resettlement etc). Therefore, the Company set up the Environmental Impacts Assessment Report for the Project has been adopted upon the Decision No. 1718/Q-BTNMT dated 29th August 2008 of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment. However, at present, some essential contents of the Project were changed (Upon Decision No. 587/2009/Q-VSH-HQT dated 13th July 2009 of the Board of Management of Vinh Son - Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company on adoption of the investment Project for construction of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project), following is changed contents: 1. Assembly capacity of the Plant reduced from 250 MW to 220MW; 2. Flooded forest area reduced from 384,8 ha to 284,41 ha; 3. Agricultural land area reduced from 89,73 ha to 30,65 ha; 4. Quantity of resettlement household reduced from 310 to 82 households; 5. Reservoir area corresponding with retention level reduced from 8.6 km2 to 7.081 km2 . 6. Dam crest level reduced from 1.177 m to 1.163 m; 7. Largest height of water column reduced from 954,5 m to 944,1 m; 8. Total area of water supply basin for Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project increased from 350 km2 to 374 km2 . However, capacity of entire reservoir reduced from 173.7 millions m3 to 145.52 millions m3 and design rate of flow through the plant reduced from 30.5 m3 /s to 29.96 m3 /s.

Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

9. Dam site position is adjusted (dam site 1A) about 3.3 km from the dam site 1 (previous plan) towards lowstream of Dak SNghe River; 10. The resettlement area of the project is within Dak Tang commune, upon adjusted plan (within Mang Canh commune upon previous plan); Other specifications of the project are unchanged in quantity, scale, location etc Therefore, the Company cooperates with the Center for Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province sets up the additional environmental impacts assessement Report for the Upper Kon TumHydropower Project. v Applicable standards, codes: TCVN 3985 1999: Noise standard for the manufacturing and construction area. QCVN 08 : 2008/BTNMT: National technical regulation on surface water quality.

- QCVN 09 : 2008/BTNMT: National technical regulation on underground water quality. - QCVN 14 : 2008/BTNMT: National technical regulation on household wastewater. QCVN 05 : 2009/BTNMT: National technical regulation on surrounding air quality.

- QCVN 06 : 2009/BTNMT: National technical regulation on some toxic substances in surrounding air. QCVN 26 : 2010/BTNMT: National technical regulation on noise.

v Administrative, technical documents and others about the Project: - Official dispatch No. 1744/TTg-CN dated 01st November 2006 of the Prime Minister on permitting investment in Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project, Kon Tum province Decision No. 1718/Q-BTNMT dated 29th August 2008 of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment on adoption of the environmental impacts assessment report of the Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project. - Decision No. 341/Q-UBND dated 13th April 2009 of the People's Committee of Kon Tum province on adoption of a Master plan for compensation and support for construction of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - at Kon Plong district, Kon Tum province. - Official dispatch No. 5477/BCT-NL dated 12th June 2009 of the Ministry of Industry and Trade to offer suggestions on the investment project for Upper Kon Tum Hydropower plant.

Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

Official dispatch No. 1051/TTg-KTN dated 25th June 2009 of the Prime Minister

on permitting decision on investment in Upper Kontum Hydropower project. - Decision No. 587/2009/Q-VSH-HQT dated 13th July 2009 of the Board of Management of Vinh Son - Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company on adoption of the investment project for construction of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project work. v Application method during assessement of additional environmental impacts: - Descriptive statistical method: This is assessment method based upon synthetic and analysis results of natural figures (meteorology, hydrolgoy, ecology features etc) and economy - society within region before imp lementation of project, in association with the objective actual survey. And then forecast impacts of the project on natural, economic - social conditions as the projects is commissioned. - Field survey method: This method surveys characteristics of the geology, topography, eco system and economic - social subjects etc at the project areas, with a view to assess object and level of under influence as undertaking construction of the project and as it's commissioned . - In situ sampling and labo analysis method: This method surveys, samples on the site and analyzes specific environmental parameters in the lab, with a view to specify parameters of environmental quality realities at the project area (air environment, water environment) as basis to assess level of impact of the project as it's commissioned. - Comparative method: This is used to assess impacts on the basis of comparison with the present valid Vietnamese environmental standards and codes. - Interpolative method: Base upon figures from the hydropower and hydraulic projects with a view to forecast level of influence of the sources of pollution as the project is commissioned. - Community consulting method: Consult the People's Committees and Fatherland Front Committees of the commune to undestand proposals of the local people during construction and commission of the project. v Organize assessment of the additional environmental impacts: The additional environmental impacts assessment Report of the Upper Kon Tum Hydropower project chaired by the Vinh Son - Hong Sinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company upon advisory of the Center for Environmental Monitoring and Aanalysis of Kon Tum province. Information of the Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province: Represented by: Mr. Nguyen Tu Chuong Position: Deputy Director Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung Kon Tum City Kon Tum province

Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Email: quantracmoitruong.kt@gmail.com

Fax: (060) 3.913.966.

The direct participants into imp lementation and setting up the additional environmental impacts assessment Report: Table 1: Direct participants in implementation and setting up the additional environmental impacts assessment Report No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Full name Nguyen Tu Chuong Nguyen Thanh Tuan Duong Thi Hong Luan Nguyen Thi Hong Loan Ho Thi Anh Tuyet Le Van Tuan Le Van Tuan Degree Bachelor Bachelor Engineer Engineer Engineer Bachelor Bachelor Specialty Biology + Law Biology Environment Environment Environment Environment Biology

In addition to, there are also below participation of experts: 1. Nguyen Minh Thien - Hydrometeorological Expert - working at the Hydrometeorological station in mid central region II. 2. Nguyen Van Huy - Hydrometeorological Expert - working at the Hydrometeorological station in Kon Tum province 3. Tran Dong Phong - Environmental Expert - working at the University of Civil Engineering of Hanoi 4. Nguyen Thi Quynh Huong - Environmental Export - working at the Unviersity of Civil Engineering of Hanoi. And some others in ecology, environment, electricity and hydropower. v Scope of report: The additional environmental impacts assessment report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower project is not including environmental impacts assessment for the transmssion line system, road system outside of the site, flood prevention roads, resettlement area and building materials mine. The project manager shall make separate reports for the aforesaid works. 1. PROJECT NAME Upper Kon Tum Hydropower. 2. PROJECT MANAGER Project manager Office: Vinh Son - Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.
Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

Representative Contact address Tels

: Mr. Vo Thanh Trung.

Position: General Director

: 21 Nguyen Hue, Quy Nhon City, Binh Dinh province : 056.3892792 Fax: 056.3891975.

3. GEOGRAPHICAL POSITION OF THE PROJECT The Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Plant locates on Dak SNghe River, a branch of Dak Bla River (1st grade branch of Se San River). It's a cluster of head works, energy routes and reservoir within Dak Koi commune, Kon Ray district and Dak Tang, Mang Canh, Mang But communes and Kon Plong district. The hydropower plan locates in Ngoc Tem commune, Kon Plong district, Kon Tum province (See attached map of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower plant location in appendix 4). Upon the Decision No. 587/2009/Q-VSH-HQT dated 13th July 2009 of the Board of Management of Vinh Son - Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company on adoption of the investment project for construction of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower plant, the dam site location (dam site 1A) is adjusted to locate about 3.3 km (previous plan) from the dam site 1 towards downstream of Dak SNghe River. The reservoir is 7.081 km2 width (previous plan is 8.6 km2 ) within Dak Koi commune, Kon Ray district and Dak Tang, Mang Canh, Mang But communes, Kion Plong district. The hydropower plant shall exhaust water to Dak Lo stream in Ngoc Tem commune, Kon Plong district, Kon Tum province. The location limiting coordinates of the work categories as below:

Table 2: Location limiting coordinates of the Upper Kon Tum Hydropower work categories No 1 2 3 Work category Pressure route Water intake Plant Previous plan X 1627957 1630071 1629213 Y 0578776 0579443 0594512 Adjusted plan X 1625250 1630071 1629213 Y 0578734 0579443 0594512

Hence, out of adjusted dam site location, construction location of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower plant is unchanged as mentioned in environmental impacts assessment report has been adopted upon the Decision No. 1718/Q-BTNMT dated 29th August 2008 of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment on adoption of the environmental impacts assessment report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project.
Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

Correlation of the project area with the natural, economic and social objects: Road system:

From the center of Kon Plong district to the head works along with Provincial road 676 is the grade IV mountainous road 26 km length. After restoration, it's approximately 16 km length. The road from Hieu commune to the plant is about 24 km length, grade VI mountainous earth road including many slope, serpentine sections are special difficulty for the heavy transport means to travel. At present, this route is under construction in Dong Truong Son road Project In addition to, it also may come to the plant on the road from Quang Ngai through Son Ha town about 30 km. This is an earth road section, not as slope as the road from Hien commune, but it hardly restored, always collapsed during rainy season. At present, this route is under construction in Quang Ngai - Ngoc Tem highway project, for transporting equipment to the Plant. + River, stream, mountain and hill system:

The Upper Kon Tum Hydropower plant locates on Dak SNghe River is the headwater of Dak Bla River. It is originated from Ngoc Rin mountain is 1.848m in height within Mang Canh commune, Kon Plong district, main thread of current is North - South through Dak Khich, Dak Chun range of mountains with mountain peak is 1.560m in height. Total area of Dak SNghe River basin combining with Dak Bla River basin approximately 960 km2 . In which, basin area until dam site 1A of Upper Kon Tum is 374 km2 , accounting for 38.95% total basin area. Basin terrain is fair complicated, inserting with high mountain masses and hills. This area is characterized with deep separation of the terrain with large gradient and mountain sides. The basin is 1.384m in average height. The high hilly terrain is strong separated, river and stream network is rather dense with river network density on basin is 0.415 km/ km2 . + Population within Project area is almost Xo Dang people, only a few of Kinh People. Income level of the local people is mostly from agriculture, forestry and a very few from small businesses (Figures of population, ethnic elements of project area would be detailed presented in part 5 of this Report). + The cultural works, historical vestiges: The project area there is Mang But victory historical vestige about 20 km from dam site 1A. Until now, there is no any valuable archaeological relic is discovered in project area. 4. CHANGES IN CONTENT OF THE PROJECT 4.1. Change in implementation location
Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

Upon the Decision No.587/2009/Q-VSH-HQT dated 13th July 2009 of the Board of Management of Vinh Son - Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company on adoption of the investment project for construction of the Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project, its pressure route construction location has following specific change as: Pressure route is about 3.3 km (previous plan) from the dam site 1 towards Dak SNghe River basin upon adjusted plan (dam site 1A). 4.2. Change in scale of project At present, scale of the Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project there is changes against mentioned scale in the environmental impacts assessment Report has been adopted upon the Decision No.1718/Q-BTNMT dated 29th August 2008 of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment. Including below major changes: Table 3: Changes in major s pecifications of the work.
No I 1 2 3 4 II 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Basins Basin area Average annual rainfall Average annual capacity Q0 Total annual flow volume W0 Dam site reservoir Retention level Dead water level Design flood level 0,5% Check flood water level 0,1% Useful capacity Whi Gross capacity Wtb Reservoir surface corresponding with retention level Features of work Unit Specifications Previous Adjusted plan plan 350 2.800 15.2 483 Dam site 1 1.170 1.146 1.175,7 1.176,21 122.7 173.7 8.6 374 2.800 16.2 510.88 Dam site 1A 1.160,00 1.138,0 1.160,1 1.161,7 103.06 145.52 7.081

km2 mm m3/s 106m3 m m m m 106m3 106m3 km2 m3/s m3/s m3/s m3/s m3/s m3/s m

III Discharge 12 Flow of flood corresponding with frequency P = 0.02% 13 Flow of flood corresponding with frequency P = 0.1% 14 Flow of flood corresponding with frequency P = 1% 15 Flow of flood corresponding with frequency P = 5% 16 Flow of flood corresponding with frequency P = 10% IV Plant 17 18 Rate of flow through the plant Largest column of water Hmax

3.521 2.531 1.598 893 30.5 954.5 2.650 1.672 1.132 935 29.96 944.1

Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

19 20 21 22 23 24

Smallest column of water Hmin Design head Htt Assured capacity Assembly capacity Assembly quantity Annual average output E0

m m MW MW Team 106kW h hour 109

882.2 904.1 91.5 250 2 1.056,4 4.224 5.245 1.38 1.244,5 13.7

838.8 844 90.76 220 2 1.094,2 4.974 5.744,425 1.4 1.429,89 13.6

25 Assembly capacity using hour V Total investment VI Economic criteria B/C NPV IRR

10 %

4.3. Change in basic design of work categories The construction method (basic design) of work categories of the Project are unchanged against contents in the environment impacts assessment Report has been adopted. However, because of change in major specifications of the Project, construction parameters of which also changed as followings: 4.3.1. Pressure route: Table 4: Change in construction parameters (basic design) of pressure route. No 1 Name of category Weir: Waterproofing falling stone with concrete face - Crest level - Crest height - Crest width - Upstream slope - Downstream slope - Largest height 2 Spillway: Reinforced structure with valve gate - Overflow weir level - Over-fall gap quantity - Width of a gap Bk - Water slope dimension bl concrete m Gap m m 1.161 3 8 3084 1.151,0 3 8 2984.71 m m m 1.177 392,93 10.0 1:4.05 1:1,5 73.0 1.163,0 279,38 10.0 1:4.05 1:1,5 78.0 Unit Number Previous Adjusted plan plan

Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

- Injecting nozzle top level - Scour hole bottom width - Scour hole bottom level v Weir:

m m m

1.133,0 11.5 1.093,66

1.122,3 11.5 1.083,0

Major weir has falling stone structure, waterproofing with concrete face. Dam body is filled with rock exploited from stone quarry and stone waste from foundation pit of the work categories. - Crest level is 1.163m, 279.38 m length along the crest. Crest level width B = 10 m. Upstream slope 1:4,05; downstream slope 1:1,5; arranging banquette is 5 m in depth at the attitude of 1.110.6 m. - Waterproofing concrete face width t = 0.3+0.003H, separated into sections are 25m in length of each, transit materials along with body of upstream dam with transition beds 2A and 2B. Waterproof with foundation, cement skin drilling to waterproof at the foundation. - Body of upstream dam is filled with hard stone materials 3B and weathered stone exploited from the stone quarries, body of downstream is filled with rock layer 3C, a combination of medium and strong weathered rock. v Spillway: Spillway is arranged on the right abutment of weir is spillway with valve gate, reinforced concrete structured and located on solid IIA base. Dam has vacuum practical profile, in Ofixerop style. Overflow weight level is 1.151 m. There are 3 overflow gaps on a dam, 8.0m width of each gap, valve gate dimension is bh=813 m, lifting and lowering with hydraulic cylinder on the crest of weir for assembly and repair. Multifunction crane is arranged in upstream and traffic bridge is located in downstream for travel between two banks. 4.3.2. Energy route: Table 5: Change in construction parameters (basic design) of energy route
No 1 Category name Water intake: Reinforced concrete - Water intake height - Water intake threshold level - Water intake crest level - Intake quantity - Largest rate of flow through intake Water tunnel Unit m m m intake m3/s Number Previous plan Adjusted plan 43 1.123,0 1.163,0 1 29.86

1.138,0 1.177,0 1

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

- Section 1, reinforced concrete structure, t = 0,3m + Length + Bottom slope i + Cross section + Inside diameter Do + Dimension hb - Section 2, without armor + Length + Bottom slope i + Cross section + Dimension hb - Section 3, reinforced concrete structure, t = 0,4m, armored + Length + Bottom slope i + Cross section + Inside diameter Do + Dimension hb - Section 4, without armor + Length + Bottom slope i + Cross section + Dimension hb Surge tank, reinforced concrete structure - Crest level - Center of pipe elevation - Opening section inside diameter - Underground section inside diameter Pressure tunnel - Section 1, reinforced concrete, t = 0,4m, armored + Length + Bottom slope i + Cross section + Inside diameter Do + Dimension hb - Vertical section 2, reinforced concrete structure, t=0,4m, armored + Length + Bottom slope i + Cross section + Inside diameter Do

m % m m m % m

817.6 2 Semi circle 3.4 44 13.017,4 2 Semi circle 5.35.6

857.28 2 Semi circle 3.4 44 13.071,4 2 Semi circle 5.34.0

m % m m m % m

822 2 Semi circle 4.5 5,35,3 2.197,89 2 Semi circle 5,35,6

822 2 Semi circle 4.5 5,35,3 2.197,89 2 Semi circle 5,34,0

m m m m

1.200 802.74 14 3.4

1.200 802.74 12 3.4

m % m m

1.332,42 2.16 Semi circle 2.6 3.43.4

1.332,42 2.16 Semi circle 2.6 3.43.4

560.09 Circle 2.6

560.09 Circle 2.6

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

- Section 3, reinforced concrete structure, t = 0,4 m, armored + Length + Bottom slope i + Cross section + Inside diameter Do + Dimension hb Underground, hydropower plant, reinforced concrete structure - Turbine - Assembly quantity - Assembly capacity - Mounting level/generator platform - Dimension blh

100 Semi circle 2.6 3.43.4

100 Semi circle 2.6 3.43.`4.

m m

MW m m

Jet 2 2125 215/225.5 19.849.638.2

Jet 2 2110 215/226.3 17.650.1539.4

v Water intake: - Water intake is located on the left bank of Dak SNghe River, about 1.2 km from the head route in Northwest. Approach spillway channel through the rock layers with rock excavation roof is m = 0.2 m, ground excavation roof is m = 1.5 m and 2.0m; channel bottom width Bk = 16m, channel bottom level is 1.122,0 m. At the top of water intake, the channel section has transition segment from Bk = 16 m to Bk = 9,4 m, 30 m in length. - Water intake is in bank supported tower style, reinforced concrete structure located on solid rock base IIA 12.7m in length, 10.4 m width. Water intake threshold level is 1.123.0m, its crest level is 1.163.0 m. It is connected to the bank with an operating bridge. Water intake is in bank supporting tower style, reinforced concrete structure located on solid rock foundation IIA is 12.7m length, 10.4m width. Water intake threshold altitude is 1.123.0 m, water intake crest level is 1.163.0 m. Water intake is connected to the bank with an operating bridge. v Derivation tunnel: The derivation tunnel line is excavated through IIA, IIB layer rock with tunnel structure and separated into 4 major sections below: - Section 1: Located behind water intake, 857.28 m in length, tunnel bottom slope is 2%. Temporary reinforce tunnel portal with steel section truss I24, step 0.75m and anchor and drill tunnel crown and spray cement for remaining section. Tunnel has semi circular cross section with Do = 3.4 m, tunnel lining is reinforced with reinforce concrete is 0.3m in depth. Tunnel dimension hb is 44 m. - Section 2: Connecting with section 1 is 13.017.4 m in length. Tunnel bottom slope is 2%. This section is excavated through solid IIA rock layer, tunnel structure is without armor. Tunnel cross section is in semi circular style, tunnel is 5.3 m in height,
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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

B = 4 m. Temporary reinforce in this section by anchor drilling tunnel crown and cement spray. - Section 3: This section is excavated through bad rock area, with tunnel crest coating about tens of meters. This tunnel section is 822m in length, reinforced concrete structure with depth t = 0.4m. Tunnel cross section has semi circular cross section Do = 4.5 m, tunnel is 5.3 m in height, tunnel bottom is 5.3 m. Temporary reinforce in this section by anchor drilling tunnel crown and cement spray. - Section 4: This is tunnel section without armor is 2.197.89 m in length, tunnel cross section is in semi circular style, 5.3m in height and B = 4m. Temporary reinforce during this period by anchor drilling tunnel crown and cement spray. v Surge tank: Surge tank has cylinder style located on the hill top with level of 1.170 m, excavated cutting through earth with excavation roof slope is from 1.5 to 1.75 and vertical excavated cutting through solid IIA rock layer. For excavated section cutting through earth, tower is opening structured with reinforced concrete, opening section diameter Do = 12 m, tower cover is 1 m in depth. Tower top level is 1.200m. For excavated section through rock, tower diameter is Do = 3,4 m with reinforced concrete structure is 0.3 m in depth. v Pressure tunnel: Pressure tunnel includes 3 major sections: Behind surge tank, lowered section to level of 215.0 m and horizontal section connecting to the hydropower plant. - Section 1: Behind the surge tank is 1.332.42 m in length, reinforced concrete structure is 0.4m in depth, armored. Bottom slope of this section is 2.16%, tunnel profile has semi circular cross section R = 1.3 m, tunnel is 3.4m in height, B tunnel bottom is 3.4 m. Temporary reinforce in this section by anchored drilling tunnel crown and cement spray. - Section 2: The lowered section to level of 215,0 m in vertical, is 560.09m in length, circular cross section Do = 2,6 m, with reinforced concrete structure is 0.4m in length, armored. Temporary reinforce in this section by anchor drilling tunnel crown and cement spray. - Section 3: Connecting to the hydropower plant is 100m in length with level of 215m to the underground plant. This section is excavated cutting through solid IIB layer, reinforced concrete structure with armored depth, tunnel profile has semi circular cross section R = 1.3 m. Tunnel is 3.4m in height, tunnel bottom B is 3.4m. Temporary reinforce in this section by anchor drilling tunnel crown and cement spray. v Hydropower plant:
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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

- The underground hydropower plant is located behind the vertical excavated pressure tunnel inside solid IIB rock layer, with reinforced concrete structure. Inside the plant installed two assemblies, Pelton turbine with generator platform level of 226.3 m. Plant gate dimension is blh = 17.650.1539.4 m. General transformer is located at the transformer tunnel, downstream side. - Inside the plant located crane with elevating capacity is 320 metric ton to serve installation and repair of assembly unit. Transportation is made with traffic tunnel is 1.775.0 m in length. - Spillway tunnel is excavated in solid IIB rock layer has semi circular section with radius R = 2,4m, dimension bh = 4.85.1 m, tunnel bottom finished with concrete is 0.3m in depth for creating bottom slope i = 1.08%. Spillway tunnel is 2.090 m in total length. Temporary reinforce tunnel with steel anchor and spraying cement on crown. - At the gate of spillway tunnel downstream, arrange repairing value, flat-slide style, open and close in static water status by electric hoist to prevent downstream water from entering into discharge chamber each time necessary to repair and maintain assembly nut. - Discharge canal is excavated inside rock layer is 210m in length. Canal cross section is trapezium style, bottom B = 16m, excavated roof cutting through rock is m = 0.2, excavated roof cutting through earth is m = 1.5 and 2.0. 4.4. Change in land using demand of the project Land acquisition area of the work includes land acquisition area by the work, auxiliary area etc. And this is presented in below table: Table 6: Land acquisition area of the work. Category Reservoir Pressure route cluster Energy route cluster Total Unit ha ha ha ha Land acquisition area (ha) Previous plan Adjusted plan 701.8 38.0 55.7 942.96 801.8

In which, total area of bomb and mine disposal is: 226 ha, treatment of chemical toxic substances are: 10.200 m2 ; this work is implemented by the Technology Centre for Bomb and Mine disposal - Military zone 5. (Attached with general layout map arranging work categories of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower plant at the appendix 4). 4.5. Change in construction volume Table 7: Major working volume of the Upper Kon Tum Hydropower plant.
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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

Total No I II 1 2 Content of works Unit m2 m3 m3 m3 m3 m3 m3 m3 m3 m3 m3 m3 m m3 m3 m3 m3 m3 m3 m3 m3 m3 m3 m3 m3 m3 m3 ton ton x time ton ton ton ton m3 m3 m 5.762 3.965 736 71.376 463.125 Previous plan 559.856 5.425.626 738.480 476.452 262.028 946.749 Adjusted plan 559.856 6.189.245 660.572 500.419 160.153 817.367 14.125 223.318 390.025 122.404 63.532 3.965 736 66.400 4.600 617.200 945.000 99.300 44.300 76.464 4.100 3.220 30.724 38.420 63.245 60.243 3.002 505 33.505 2.752,3 5.361,7 5.100,8 260,1 18.600 1.340 26.453
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Forest clearance Excavation and filling Excavation Exposed rock excavation Weathered rock excavation Hard rock excavation 3 Tunnel rock excavation Cross tunnel, S<=15m2 Cross tunnel, S<=25m2 Cross tunnel, S<=50m2 Cross tunnel, S>50m2 Excavation and lowering tunnel base Inclined gallery Duct furnace drilling 4 Clay filling 6 Mix rock/soil excavation 7 Applied rock filling 8 Quarry rock filling 9 Interface filling 10 Ballast filtering layer filling III Reinforced concrete work 1 Exposed concrete Dam body concrete M150 Concrete M150 Concrete M250 Concrete M300 2 Underground concrete M250 Cross tunnel Inclined gallery 3 Processing, erection 4 Removal of formwork Reinforcement for exposed 5 concrete 6 Tunnel reinforcement Cross tunnel reinforcement Inclined gallery reinforcement V Other works 1 Tile stone 2 Cement mortared stonework M100 3 Drill and reinforce exposed part

84.901 5.701

6.420 31.535 27.336 68.566

20.350 382 26.453

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

4 5 6 7

8 9

10 11 12 13

Drainage drilling Drilling to fill Drill and reinforce tunnel lining Exposed anke strut drilling Drilling for strut fi42mm Drilling for strut fi105mm Anke steel Tunnel anke strut drilling Drilling for strut fi42mm Drilling for strut fi45mm Cross tunnel anke steel Inclined gallery anke steel Manufacture and erect tunnel AJG strut steel Underground steel shape Cross tunnel spray Inclined gallery spray

m m2 m m m ton m m ton ton m ton m2 m2

147 13.003

147 30.580 13.003 2.352 314 8.100 13.580 546.770 1.525,8 33,5 10.447

1.526 34

340.288

533.900 283.899 8.191

4.6. Change in demand for machines and equipment The main hydraulic machines, equipments of the Plant are unchanged as mentioned in the environment impacts assessment Report has been adopted. However, major specifications of these equipments are changed below: Table 8: Major hydraulic machines, equipments of the Plant. Main specifications Name of equipments Previous plan Htt =904,1m Adjusted plan Htt =844m Set 2 Unit Quantity

Full set Pelton turbine including Nt =127,55MW Nt =112.245 governor and pressure oil device N=500v/ph MW N=500v/ph Turbine front valve (ball valve) D=1,6m Htt =1250m Q=15,98m3 /s N=85MW Generator U=13,8kW Cos=0,85 N=428,6v/ph D=1,65m Htt =1150m Q=14,98m3 /s N=110MW U=13,8kW Cos=0,85 N=500v/ph

Set

Set

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

Subordinate hydraulic mechanic equipment 4.7. Change in demand for materials, fuels

Set

- Demand for providing building materials and fuels is unchanged against previous plan, specifically: + Rock materials: Expect to exploit graanite mine on the left bank about 600m from dam site 1 towards lowstream. At the plant, expect to exploit granite mine on the left bank of Dak Lo River, about 1.5 km from the plant location area. + Sand gravel materials: For Dak SNghe head cluster, it's expected to be taken from sand mine number 1 and 2 at the headwater of Da SNghe River. Sand and gravel for the energy route are expected to be taken from Son Mua mine on Dak Drinh River in Quang Ngai province, about 35 to 40km from the plant location. + Soil materials: Backfilling soil is taken from the soil mine number 1 on the left bank about 1km from dam site towards dam upstream, and soil mine number 2 on the right bank about 2km from energy route towards downstream. - Water supply plan: Water for production, household is taken from surface water source of Dak SNghe River and Dak Lo stream nearby construction site. Industrial water is taken to the works with pump - pipeline - reservoir system. As for household water, treated with clarifying tank system. After guarantees its quality, water is pumped into every household with private pump and pipeline system. Demand for water supply in areas is changed below: Table 9: Water supply demand for production and household. Work No Auxiliary area Unit Previous plan 7.112 5.300 Adjusted plan 7.010 3.760 Household Total

1 2

Auxiliary area

m3 /day night

102 195

7.112 3.955

Auxiliary area m3 /day night 2

Source: Investment project for construction of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower plant.

- The selected power supply plan would be transformer station 110/220kV from Kon Plong including main interconnecting line and shunt lines 22kV to supply construction areas with power. 4.8. Change in project implementation progress
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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

Construction progress is during 5 years from 2009 to 2014 and commissioning in 2014 (previous plan was from 2008 to 2013, commissioning in 2013). Specific construction progress is: - Construction year 1: Construct diversion tunnel on the right bank, excavate on dry ground at the spillway and weir. Energy route: excavate subordinate tunnel, entrnace and exit of the main tunnel and water intake. - Construction year 2: Fill up Dak SNghe River, construct the main tunnel and spillway categories, excavate main tunnel, underground section of the surge tank and vertical pressure tunnel section. - Construction year 3: Continue to fill the dam on schedule, concrete the spillway, water intake of main tunnel and install coating steel of vertical tunnel section and start to excavate the plant. - Construction year 4: Continue to undertake filling the weir, concrete overflow slope, water intak, main tunnel, surge tank and the plant. Install equipments at the water intake, main tunnel section coating steel at the plant upstream. Before December, finish filling weir and overflow concreting. - Construction year 5: In February in construction year 5, shall lock diversion intake and start to accumulate water. Before June shall finish construction of surge tank, main tunnel and subordinate tunnel node. Construction of energy route should be finished before August In September shall run assembly 1, in November shall run assembly 2. Co mplete and finish level 1 of construction in December. 4.9. Change in total investment v Total investment of the project: Total investment of the Project according to adjusted plan is VND 5,774,425 billions increased than previous project (VND 5,245 billions). Including below expenses: Table 10: Summarized investment of the project. No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Expense category Construction costs Equipment costs Compensation costs for land clearance, resettlement Project management cost Investment and construction consultancy costs Others Back up cost Total investment Investment (VND) 2,626,494,414,000 1,242,969,065,000 209,875,394,000 30,256,410,000 148,323,558,000 771,555,285,000 714,950,873,000 5,744,425,000,000
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Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

v Source of investment: - 30% stockholder equity from basic source of depreciation and accumulated from production and business profits. 70% other sources of capital.

4.10. Change in compensation, resettlement According to the environment impacts assessment report has been adopted, the resettlement area is located in Mang Canh commune upon orientation of the province. However, the expected resettlement area there is no source of water, there is small stream but not significant so water discharge is very few. Particularly, in dry season, absolute there is no water so very difficult to supply household and production water, unable to arrange wet rice field because can't find source of water. In addition to, resettlement area is far from administrative center of Dak Tang commune, about 1 - km from the commune center. This area is convenient for traffic, arranging production land and wet rice field, administrative management within commune. According to retention normal is 1.160m, quantity of flooded households is 82 households, 228 households fewer than retention normal was 1.170m (310 households). Land acquisition area for construction of work categories according to adjusted plan (801.8 ha), 141.16 ha reduced against previous selected plan (942.96 ha). General evaluation: Hence, at present, the Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project has below main changes: - Change in dam site location (selecting dam site 1A is 3.3 km from dam site 1 previous selected plan towards downstream of Dak SNghe River). Change in main specifications of the works as above. Change in resettlement location.

These changes shall bring positive impacts in efficiency of work, economy society and environment for project area as: For selected position for construction of dam site 1 (previous plan) would be no more negative impacts on environment here, with plan to adjust retention normal from 1.170m to 1.160m. This reduces reservoir area so shall reduce flooded land area, even remarkable reduce bad impacts on natural environment and ecology. Besides, this shall cause negative impacts on the environment at the selected area is construction site of the new dam site (dam site 1A). Those negative and positive impacts shall be anticipated and suggested measures to minimize and settle properly in section 6 of this Report. 5. CHANGE IN REALITIES OF NATURAL ENVIRONMENT ECONOMIC, SOCIAL FACTORS OF THE PROJECT AREA
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AND

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

5.1. Change in geomorphology and geology: 5.1.1. Change in topography and geomorphology: Because of moving dam site to downstream, increase of basin area so some topographic types in project area are changed against before, as followings: - Horizontal and slight inclined surfaces formed from accumulation and erosion: Including surfaces accumulate river side alluvium and erosion terrace grade III and eluvia - diluvia compounds. Elements are gravel send, boulder is 1 - 6m in depth - Denudation and erosion side surface: Allocated along with large river and stream valleys in region, especially in Dak Lo and Nuoc Che streams. Average slope of side is 10 - 150 extended about 9 km from surge tank at the level of 1.250m to the valley of Dak Lo stream at the level of 300m. On this surface, erosion process is developed to sliding, diluvium, diluvia deposit forming coating enriched with proluvial - diluvia origin, at the bottom of the side accumulated with diluvium and proluvium. 5.1.2. Change in features of engineering geology: v Geology of dam site 1A The dam site 1A is located inside valley of narrow Dak SNghe River, with both abutments rely on two ranges of hills are about 1.200 - 1.205 m in height. Hillside is relative slope about 32 330 about 3.3 km from the previous dam site (dam site 1) towards downstream and overflow route is located on the right shoulder. At this area, allocate biotitic granite rock, specifically: IB belt 80%, IIA belt 94%. - Abutment on left bank: Left bank of the river section next to river bank slopes about 330 , until the level of 1.190m is flat saddle. Left abutment of the dam site allocates solid granite, at the level of 1.195m and higher covered with basalt rock. For elevation is 1.160m, water level in reservoir shall lie inside granite rock, geological conditions include: + Residual side layer edQ is 0.5m in depth; powerful weathered belt IA1 is 31.5 48m in depth; strong weathered rock belt IA2 is 2.5 6.5m; weathered belt IB is 11.5m in depth with large water permeability with value q= 3.7 9.6 lu (see documents of water pressing at the bore holes). + In the section meeting with tectonic fault IV-13 slope 80 running from upstream to downstream cutting the abutment at the level about 1.195m, angle of slope towards the river, rock is broken up is from 5 - 10m in discontinuous width. And fault III-1 slope 80 running from dam about 400m, angle of slope towards the river, along with the fault rock is discontinuous cracked, broken up is 10 - 20m in depth. Two faults located on the height of abutment almost there is no influence on dam stability but penetrate water to the downstream. Underground water level always fluctuates within belt IA1.
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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

- Abutment on the right bank: Right river bank next to the slope about 330 , up to the level about 1.199m is the flat saddle. Entire right abutment of the dam site is allocated within solid granite area, with following conditions of engineering geology: + Residual side layer edQ is 3.0 m to 6.0m in depth; powerful weathered belt IA1 is 10m to 45.8m in depth; powerful weathered belt IA2 is 1.2m in depth; weathered belt IB is 4.6m in depth with large permeability. At the bottom of belt, solid and cracked rock IIA is 10m to 25m in depth, large permeability with value q=2,2-10,8 lu (see documents on water pressing at the bore holes). + In the section meeting tectonic fault IV-1 slope 800 , running from upstream to downstream cutting abutment at the level about 1.190m, angle of slope towards the river. Rock is cracked and broken up is from 5 - 10m in discontinuous width. Fault is located on abutment hardly affecting to dam stability but easy to penetrate water running to the downstream. Underground water level fluctuates within rock belt IA1. - River bed section: River bed at the dam site location is about 50m in width, at the level of 1.090m, fair even, all is allocated with solid granite. In dry season, river bed is revealed with rock in the heave rays. Water is running strongly without alluvial layer. Weathered rock belt IB is 11m in depth, cracked solid rock belt IIA is 14m in depth with large permeability and value q= 7,6 11,5 lu (see documents on water pressing at the bore holes). - Overflow route 1A: On the right abutment of the main dam site 1A, condition of engineering geology is as same as right abutment of the main dam site. Spillway dam cuts from the stream valley on upstream at the level of 1.163m over abutment on the hill top at the level of 1.215m, hill slope is about 400 . And then it cuts down to the stream mouth at dam downstream with hill slope is about 330 . v Geology of reservoir area: Reservoir is within Dak SNghe River valley extended along with the river and branch streams. Stratum belongs to Kainozoi era, including: - Neogen System The Fourth: Basalt rock direct cover up weathered surface of granite is about 120 - 150m in depth. Basal rocks strong weathered forming clay layer tens of meters in depth, bed rock is just revealed along with streams. The fourth sediments limit allocated along with Dak SNghe River valley and large streams, forming alluvial flats from 2 - 3m to less then 20m, extended to about three hundred meters. Elements are sand, gravel and clay loams are 5 - 7m in depth. - Magma intrusion - Hai Van Complex: Magma rocks intrude and are distributed on entire reservoir area of Hai Van Complex. The largest fault in region is fault grade II - 1 Dak SNghe in North and South with slope 80 towards the West, extended along
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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

with river at dam site section. At the faults, rocks became cataclastic rock, crump are granite. Rocks are cemented with neutral thermal solutions passed epidotization and chloritization. This fault and even affecting belt are tens of meters in width. Step faults in region include three main systems: Longitudinal system always goes along with river, stream valleys, angle of slope is 750 - 800 towards the West, distance between faults is about 1.5 km; Northeastern - Southwestern system, angle of slope is 750 - 800 towards Northwest, distance between faults is about 1 km fewer than the Northeastern Southwestern system is 750 800 towards Southwest, distance of faults is about 1.5 2 km. The faults having affecting belt are 10m in width, rock is broken up into rubble. v Energy route geology (water channel, water intake, surge tank, tunnel, plant and discharge canal - pl an 4C): Geological conditions of the energy route are relative complicated: - The diversion canal route is 4 km in length, large volume of rock is removed. The exposed conduit section is 3 km, on the abrupt high mountainous region, strong terrain dissection, deep upper layer, strong development of collapse slide of rock and mud spate affecting to conduit stability. Therefore, entire exposed conduit shall arrange 8 anchored bulkhead abutments at the positions where replacing pipeline center angle at the altitudes of 374.00m; 328.43m; 322.11m; 272.28m; 241.75m; 231.10m and 214.50m, between anchored bulkhead abutments arrange intermediate supports and expansion joint to stabilize the pipeline. - Two tunnel routes (Water tunnel and pressure tunnel) are also relative long and cutting through abrupt high mountainous regions, strong terrain dissection. However, the tunnel is located deeply from tens to hundreds of meters underground and almost it's excavated into relative IIB rock belt including granite, from solid to very solid gonai rock with relative convenient condition. - Surge tank area has slope terrain about 400 , little dissection, within the area allocate solid gonaibiotit rock, upper layer depth is thin and without cutting through by fault. - The plant area located on slope about 20 300 on the left bank of Dak Lo stream, little terrain dissection. Within region, allocate solid silica schist of Tac Po formation there is pressing direction is Northeastern - Southwestern towards Northwest. At the bank and river bed areas, reveal solid silica schist, upper layer is weathered until the end of the strong weathered rock belt IA2 from 15 - 20m in average width. Closing to the Dak Lo stream bank, there is fault grade IV-14 cross cutting the bank and shall met canal section leading to behind the plant. 5.1.3. Change in hydrologic geology: Unchanged against before. 5.1.4. Change in dynamic geology: Unchanged against before.
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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

5.1.5. Change in probability of earthquake: According to earthquake zoning map (Vietnamese Construction Code, vol 3 1997), the study area is within the geographical pole vibratory area I max <6 (MSK 64), that is earthquake acceleration a = 0,06 0,07 g. So, until now the plant area is within Kon Tum corbel piece center does not detect any remarkable change against mentioned in environmental impacts assessment report has been adopted. 5.1.6. Change in mineral: Until present, upon permission of the People's Committee of Kon Tum province with the official dispatch No. 354/UBND-KTN dated 15th March 2011 on exploitation of building materials within the range of work. At the construction site of diversion work (with coordinate: X = 1625433, Y = 0578357) and flood spillway (with coordinate: X = 1624889, Y = 0578523) of the Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Plan, Construction Joint Stock Company 47 is undertaking exploitation and taking all of building stone with volume of exploitation is nearly 220.000 m3 . In addition to, metal minerals in the group of gold, silver and multi-metal: According to analysis results of the In addition to, metal minerals in the group of gold, silver and multi-metal: According to analysis result of Geological Federation of the Central Highlands provinces indicate that there is no metal as gold appeared in analysis samples. Contents of Cu, Pb and Zn are very low. Rare metal minerals: The Plasma (ICP) analysis samples indicate that contents of Sn, Mo and W are very low. Do not discover mineral containing Molybdenum and Wolfram. Radioactive metal mineral: Project area does not discover radioactive abnormal

Hence, until present, there is no any remarkable change against mentioned in the environmental impacts assessment report has been adopted. 5.2. Change in hydro meteorological condition 5.2.1. Change in climate, meteorology: All changes happen within the range of Dak Tang, Mang Canh, Ngoc Tem and Mang But communes of Kon Plong district and Dak Doi commune of Kon Ray district. In general, therefore, conditions of temperature, rain regime and humidity are unchanged. However, because free surface area of reservoir is reduced from 8.6 km2 to 7.081 km2 , so total annual evaporation reduced to 6 mm than before. Based upon distribution of average piche evaporation during period of 1977 2004 at the meteorological stations on basin of Se San River and piche evaporation distribution model in Kon Tum to calculate loss rate of evaporation loss ratio of the

Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

basin. Evaporation on reservoir surface of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower for months ( D Z) is distributed upon below table: Table 11: Evaporation on reservoir surface of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower (mm). Months
DZ

II

III

IV

VI

VII VIII 19

IX

XI

XII

Year

48.6 51.9 61.2 49.9 33.5 21.1

17.2 17.3 24.8 34.8 43.1 422.4

Source: Investment project for construction of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower.

5.2.2. Change in hydrographic characteristics: Due to change in location of dam site, so there are some changes in hydrographic characteristics below: Total basin area of Dak SNghe River combining with basin of Dak Bla River is about 960 km2 . In which, taking into account of dam site 1A Upper Kon Tum increased from 350 km2 to 374 km2 making up about 38.95% river basin area. River bed is relative narrow, from 10 - 15m width in dry season and 50 - 70m in width in flood season. Table 12: Morphological characteristics of river basin to dam site 1A. Route Upper Kon Tum Fl v (km2 ) 374 Ls (km) 44.5 B (km) 8.4 D (km/km2 ) 0.415 Ztblv (m) 1.384 Js (% 0 ) 7.05

Source: Investment project for construction of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower.

- Yearly current: Based upon data of Kon Plong meteorological station from 1960 2005, sequence of current up to dam site 1A is specified with following formula:
Qtd = Qtv Ftd Ftv

In which: + Qtd : Calculated discharge value at dam site (m3 /s); + Qtv : Discharge value at the hydro meteorological station (m3 /s); + Ftd : Basin area up to dam site (km2 ); + Ftv : Basin area up to hydro meteorological station (km2 ). Calculation results of average annual current during period of 1960 - 2005 of the dam site 1A are Qo1A =16,2m3 /s increased to nearly 1.0 m3 /s than before. Design annual current:

Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

From results of hydrographic average annual flow series of Upper Kon Tum plant route, calculate hydrographic annual flow corresponding with design frequencies at the route below: Table 13: Characteristics of hydrographic annual flow of the plant route Route 1 1A Fl v Q0 Mo 2 3 (km ) (m /s) (l/skm2 ) 350 374 15.2 16.2 43.4 43.3 W0 (10 6 m3 ) 479 510.9 Cv Cs/Cv 0.18 0.14 2 2 Qp(m3 /s) 10% 50% 90% 18.7 19.7 14.9 16.6 11.7 13.8

Note: F: Basin area, Q0: Annual standard flow, Wo: Total annual flow volume Cv : fluctuation ratio, Cs: differential ratio.

Flood flow:

From the largest daily raining document measured at Kon Tum station, calculate peak of flood upon Xocolopxki's formula:
QMaxP = 0,278

a ( HtP - H 0 ) Ffd + Qng Tl

In which:
HtP = y t H nP

+ HnP : Design largest daily rainfall of Kon Tum station. + y t refer relationship y (t ) ~ with = tl , for basin of rivers in the North of Highlands are of Gia Lai, Kon Tum and k Lk provinces, refer to table 5-14 of the textbook Engineering hydrograph published by the Water Resources University in 1993. + : Flood flow coefficient + Tl : Flood rise period + f: Flood pattern coefficient calculated upon actual measured flood document from 1994 to 2004 of Kon Plong station. + H0 : Primary losing water layer. + : Coefficient taking into account of influences of lakes, ponds and swamps. + Qngm: Underground flow volume. + At Upper Kon Tum dam site 1A: Because impacts of climate change, flood happenings on head water of Se San River is fair abnormal, especially historical flood in September 2009 suddenly changed
Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

flood regime of Se San River and flood coming to Upper Kon Tum dam site. Because this flood destroyed entire hydro meteorological station work on Se San River, above stations failed to measure peak of flood but only observed the highest maximum flood level. Base upon collected figures of water level, actual measurement document of water discharge at low water level, evaluate and analyze the largest peak of flood in 2009 and apply Xocolopxki formula with area of similar station is Kon Tum station for recalculation of design flood for Upper Kon Tum plant dam site 1A. Results of design peak of flood of Upper Kon Tum dam site are shown in below table: Table 14: Design peak of flood of Upper Kon Tum dam site 1A. Route Dam site 1 (previous plan) Dam site 1A (adjusted plan) + At the Upper Kon Tum plant 4 route: Qmaxp% (m3 /s) 0,1% 0,5% 2.522 2.650 1% 3% 5% 10% 1.838 1.592 1.232 1.077 889 1.931 1.672 1.294 1.132 935

The plant route located on Dak Lo stream is of basin of Tra Khuc River, basin area up to the plant is 223 km2 . Base upon calculation figures of peak of flood discharge of the plant route 2 (previous energy route 3-2) by applying Xocolopxki formula and calculating reduction of peak of flood to calculate for plant of the energy route 4 below: Table 15: Peak of flood of the Upper Kon Tum Hydropower plant route 4. Characteristics 0,1% Qmaxp% (m3 /s) + 2.419 0,5% 1.914 Number 1% 1.700 5% 1.204 10% 985 20% 762

At S1, S2 gaps of the energy route 4 :


2

S1 and S2 gaps locate on basin of Tra Khuc River, basin area of two gaps is about 6 km and 7.3 km2 . Calculate peak of flood discharge of two S1 and S2 routes by calculating reduction of peak of flood. Calculation results of peak of flood of S1, S2 diversion canal route presented in below table: Table 16: Peak of flood at S2 and S2 gaps. Characteristics 0,1% Qmaxp% (m3 /s) gap S1 263 0,5% 206.5 Number 1% 182.9 5% 129.3 10% 106.1 20% 82.9

Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

Qmaxp% (m3 /s) gap S2 -

301.1

236.4

209.4

148.1

121.5

94.9

Total design flood discharge:

From extracted flood document of Kon Plong station during period of 1994 2005, calculates total largest flood volume during 1, 3 and 5 days. Establish correlative relationship between Qmax and W max of Kon Plong station, correlative equation has following type: W 1max = 0.0557Q max + 1.434; r = 0.94 W 3max = 0.0851Q max + 10.784; r = 0.81 W 5max = 0.1066Q max + 18.561; r = 0.73 Total design flood volume of dam site 1A is calculated upon quantitative correlative relationship of Kon Plong station, results are presented in below table: Table 17: Total design flood volume at dam site 1A Qmaxp% (m /s) P (% )
3

Wmaxp (10 6 m3 ) W1max W3max W5max

1 1A 1 1A 1 1A 1 1A (previous (adjusted (previous (adjusted (previous (adjusted (previous (adjusted plan) plan) plan) plan) plan) plan) plan) plan) 2.522 1.838 1.592 1.232 1.077 889 2.650 1.931 1.672 1.294 1.132 935 141.1 103.4 89.9 70.1 61.5 51.2 149 109 94.6 73.5 64.5 53.5 223.9 166.5 145.9 115.7 102.7 86.9 236 175 153 121 107 90.3 284.6 213.1 187.5 149.9 133.7 114.1 301 224 197 156 139 118

0.1 0.5 1 3 5 10 -

Low water flow:

Design peak of flood during dry season months at Upper Kon Tum dam site is calculated with peak of flood modulus reduction formula upon area from Kon Plong hydrographic station, presented in below table: Table 18: Peak of flood discharge during dry season months at dam site 1A Month I Qmaxkp (m3 /s) 5% 49.6 10% 41.6 20% 33.5

Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

II III IV V VI VII I - VII

24.1 38.9 42.1 98.7 247 140 271

22.1 31.5 34.4 81 168 119 198

19.8 24.3 26.7 62.4 100 94.4 136

5.3. Change in element of natural environmental realities For obtaining basis for evaluating realities of environmental quality and forecasting impacts on the local environment would happen as undertaking construction and commissioning the Upper Kon Tum Hydropower project, upon adjusted plan. We undertake survey, measurement and sampling to analyze water and air environmental criteria at project area. Following is specific analysis results: 5.3.1. Air and micro climate environment: Table 19: Measurement and analysis results of air and micro climate environment.
No Criteria Temperature Humidity Wind speed Noise Vibration Floating dust CO SO2 NO2 Unit

Analysis results QT/K54 QT/K55


26 59 0,3-1,2 57,5 KPH 65 990 42 35

QT/K56
25 61 0,4-1,0 60,0 KPH 62 980 40 37

Allowable limit 70(1) 75(2) 300(3) 30.000(3) 350(3) 200(3)

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Note:

24 60 0,3-1,1 60,5 KPH 60 890 41 32

% m/s dBA dB g/m3 g/m3 g/m3 g/m3

Mark (-): Not mentioned in code. KHP: Undiscovered QT/K54 : Sample is taken at dam site 1A of the Plant. Coordinate (VN 2000):
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Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

X=1625250; Y=0578734. QT/K55 : Resettlement area of the Plant. Coordinate (VN 2000): X=1635021; Y=0577648. QT/K56 : At the Plant area. Coordinate (VN 2000): X=1629213; Y=0594512. (1): QCVN 26 : 2010/BTNMT: National technical regulation on noise (2): QCVN 27 : 2010/BTNMT: National technical regulation on vibration.

(3): QCVN 05:2009/BTNMT: National technical regulation on surrounding air quality. Remarks: Base upon analysis results of some representative criteria for surrounding air quality at project area, indicate that value of all above specifications are within allowable limits of the Vietnamese Code QCVN 05:2009/BTNMT and QCVN 26:2010/BTNMT. This proves surrounding air environment at project area is not influenced by some operations are happening at the project area. 5.3.2. Water environment: v Surface water environment quality: Table 20: Surface water environment measurement and analysis
No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Criteria name Unit Results
Q T/M39 Q T/M40 Q T/M41

QCVN 08:2008/BTNMT A1 6 - 8.5 >=6 10 4 2 0.1 0.01 2.500 A2 6 - 8.5 >=5 15 6 5 0.2 0.02 5.000 B1 5.5 - 9 >=4 30 15 10 0.3 0.1 7.500 >=2 50 25 15 0.5 0.3 10.000 B2 5.5 - 9

pH 7.24 Color Pt-Co 5 DO mg/l 5.85 Conductivity S/cm 41.1 Turbidity NTU 3.63 COD mg/l 12.8 20 BOD5 mg/l 5 NO3 mg/l 0.57 3PO4 mg/l 0.08 Mineral grease mg/l KPH Coli form MPN/100ml 120

7.21 41 6.01 41.7 42.64 14.4 6 0.6 0.09 KPH 750

7.24 47 5.61 42.8 52.72 17.6 8 0.83 0.12 KPH 950

Note: QT/M 39 : k SNghe River at the suspension bridge in Dak Tang commune is of reservoir foundation of the Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Plant, Dak Tang commune, Kon Plong district, Kon Tum province. Coordinate (VN 2000): X = 1635919; Y = 0576193
Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

QT/M 40 : Sample is taken in Dak SNghe River at dam site 1A of the Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Plant, Mang Canh commune, Kon Plong district, Kon Tum province. Coordinate (VN 2000): X = 1625275; Y = 0578680 QT/M 41 : Dk L stream at behind of spillway tunnel portal of the Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Plant, Ngoc Tem commune, Kon Plong district, Kon Tum province. Coordinate (VN 2000): X = 1638747; Y = 0596746 KPH: Undiscovered QCVN 08:2008/BTNMT: National technical regulation on surface water quality. + A1: Well usable for household water supply purpose and other purposes as A2, B1 B2 types + A2: Used for household water supply purpose but necessary to apply suitable treatment technology; conservation of aquatic animals and plants or using purposes like B1 and B2 types. + B1: Used for hydraulic irrigation purpose or other using purposes require similar water quality or that of B2 type. + B2: Marine transportation and other purposes require low water quality. Remarks: From analysis results of basic specifications of water environmental quality on Dak SNghe River section and Dak Lo stream upon adjusted plan of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower project, indicate that all characteristic quality criteria for river water is within allowable limit of the national technical regulations of surface water quality (Column A 1 , B1 ) Vietnamese Code QCVN 08:2008/BTNMT in hydraulic irrigation purpose, marine transportation purpose or others require similar quality. v Underground water environment: Table 21: Measurement, analysis results of underground water environment. No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Note: QT/N28 : At the underground water hole within resettlement area of the Upper Kon
Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

Criteria name pH Color Hardness ClNO3 SO4 2Coliform

Unit Pt-Co mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l MPN/100ml

Results QT/N28 6.42 2 75 14.18 1.26 8 4 QT/N29 6.25 3 81 12.76 1.20 12 6

QCVN 09:2008/BTNMT 5.5 8.5 250 15 400 3

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

Tum Hydropower Plant, Dak Tang commune, Kon Plong district, Kon Tum province. Coordinate (VN 2000): X = 1635150; Y = 0577650. QT/N29 : At the underground water hole within energy route area of the Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Plant, Dak Tang commune, Kon Plong district, Kon Tum province. Coordinate (VN 2000): X = 1637401; Y = 0594620. KPH: Undiscovered QCVN 09:2008/BTNMT: National technical regulation on underground water quality. Remarks: According to underground water analysis results at the construction site of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower plant and resettlement area upon adjusted plan, indicate that almost specific targets for underground water quality are within allowable limit of national technical regulation on underground water quality - Vietnamese Code QCVN 09:2008/BTNMT, except for Coliform target exceeding allowable limit of the code from 1.33 to 2 times. 5.4. Change in economic - social condition For obtaining basis to evaluate environmental impacts on local economic and social conditions at project area upon adjusted plan of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower plant, we shall collect information of economy and society at project in Kon Ray and Kon Plong districts, where is under many influences from implementation of project as following: 5.4.1. Economic - social condition in Kon Ray district: 5.4.1.1. Economy: - Annual plant area: Field rice is 554.26 ha; mountain field rice is 580.6 ha; Indian corn is 915 ha; food trees are 81.01 ha. Industrial plant area:

+ Short-term industrial plant: Almost is sugar cane has are under crop is 61ha/58.8 ha, acquired 103.74% according to plan. + Long-term industrial plant: At present, has 2.023.44 ha/1.766.24 ha, in which almost rubber tree, pepper tree, coffee tree, cashew tree and other fruit trees. - Breeding: Total estimated head of cattles and fowls to implement is: 67.709 /55.409 units, in which: Herd of buffalo: 222/209 units; cow: 5.727/6.083 units; pig 8.362 /9.291 units; goat 1.064/1.380 units; fowl 52.334/38.446 units. - Foresty: At present, 96 households were assgined to manage, protect 2.625 ha forest (almost is ethnic minority people living nearby forest) and afforest 243.2 ha of production
Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

forest. Illegal transportation and exploitation of forest products within the district still happen. Total violent case are 55 cases with 86.292 m3 kinds of wood from IIA to VI group. - Industry - Construction: Almost operate in woodwork, grinding and exploitation of building materials etc in small scale. - Trade and service: Within the district there are about 360 service and trading operations. 5.4.1.2. Culture and society: - Population: In average, in 2010 the district there is about 22.596 people with 5.234 households. Elements of ethnic group: X ng: Making up 48.3%, Ba Na: 16.1%, other ethnic groups: Making up 6.1%, Kinh: Making up 29.5%. - Education: Quantity of pupil going to school at the beginning of the year at all study grades is 7.071/7.117 pupils, acquired 95%. The school system is reinforced and developed with expanded training types, gradually meeting teaching and learning demands of pupil. - Health: Until now, total examination time is 29.078 times, in-patient quantity is 1.619 patients; out-patient quantity is 22.085 patients; patient number moving to other hospital is 216 patients; total testing time is 6.962 times; X ray taking time is 1.192 times; ultra sonic testing time is 361 times. Examination and treatment work made progresses, supply of medicine and medical equipments is improved. Health indicators of people are continuous improved. - Culture: Tell the news and propagandize timely to the officials and people on guidelines, policies of the Party, laws of the State as well as celebration of the large public holidays of the State. - Social security order: In general, social security and order situation within the district are maintained stable. 5.4.2. Economic - social condition of Kon Plong district: 5.4.2.1. Economy: Plantation: + Annual plant: With total plantation area of annual plants is 5.815 ha, in which, mostly rice, corn tree and cassava tree etc + Perennial: Almost is coffee trees cover an area of 249ha.

- Breeding: Total estimated head of cattles and fowls on the whole district: 70.880 units. In which: Buffalo: 5.510 units; cow: 3424 units; pig 7401 units; chicken: 24.395
Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

and goat 1758 units. Epidemic situation on the whole district is in tendency towards to reduce against previous years. - Forestry: Deforestation situation for making fields in the mountains and illegal exploitation, transportation of forest products still happen, especially in Mang Canh, Dak Long and Hieu communes etc 5.4.2.2. Culture, society: 5 Population: Average population density of the whole district in 2010 was about 18.886 people with 4.970 households. Family planning work is usually disseminated to every hamlet and villge within communes and towns. Ethnic group element: X ng: Making up 48.9%, Ba Na: Making up 13.2%, others: Making up 6.4% and Kinh: Making up 31.5%. 6 Education: Total teachers are nearly 528 people. Total pupil of the district is 5.692 pupils. Material facilities for education work are attached special importance to and interested to, with a view to meet teaching and learning demands of pupil but not significant. At present, there are 349 classrooms. 7 Health: Medical personnel team is about 127 people, organized examination and treatment for 10.002 patients. Examination and treatment work is improved. 8 Culture: Organize propaganda about guideline of the Party, law and policies of the State. Organize celebration of the great public holidays of the country, public culture performance activities, establish gong craftsman team in both Dak Long and Mang Canh communes. Strengthen to promote and attract investment in Mang Den ecotourism area. 9 Social security and order: Political security situation is always be kept stable, serious execute guidelin, policies of the Party, law and Policy of the State. The key areas, political and religious subjects are under close management. In addition to, as the project performed shall undertake compensation for land clerance and resettlement. Residential area would have to remove (82 households) in Dak Tang commune, Kon Plong district. The resettlement area is next to the administrative center of Dak Tang commune, about 1 - 2 km from commune center. The report shall give general presentation of economic - social development situation of Dak Tang commune as a basis for assessment of environmental impacts on economic - social life of the resettlement area in project. 5.4.3. Economic - social conditions of Dak Tang commune: 5.4.3.1. Economy: v Agricultural production:
Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

- Winter and spring rice: Total production sector of Winter - Spring harvest in 2010 - 2011 cultivated by people is 31 ha. Corn and cassava trees cover a plantation area of 20 ha. Kinds of vegetable and bean: plantation area is 11 ha. Perennial: Cover an area of 69 ha.

- Breeding: Total head of cattles and fowls within commune: 1.350 units. In which: Buffalo: 734 units; cow: 45 units; goat: 46 units; pig 525 units. Present total fowl is 3.120 units. v Forestry: Unchanged and fair good execute law on protection and development of forest so limited deforestation for making fields in the mountains. v Transportation, hydraulic: - Transportation: Officials, party members and people of the commune expanded, lowered slope, adjusted route, filled up fallen slope and repaired welfare bridges on the section from Dak Tang hamlet to Dak Pro hamlet is 10 km in length and the route is 1.5m in width and 2km in length from Vi Ro Ngheo hamlet to Dak Sa hamlet. At present, within the commune there are 5 hamlets finished construction of highway and three hamlets finished construction of motorway to the villages. - Hydraulic: Formerly the commune has bought rock cage and water pipe to repair small hydraulic works of 8 hamlets. At the same time, directs the hamlets to dredge, reconstruct existing canals and ditches to guarantee irrigation for winter, spring harvests as well as crop. v Material facilities: At present, within the commune is undertaking construction of following works: Vi Xay - Mang But flood prevention road Entrance into resettlement area 2 at Vi Rin and Dak Tang hamlets Working building of Dak Tang Junior High school Working building of Dak Tang Medical station

5.4.3.2. Culture and society: - Population: At present, within the commune there are 291 households with 1.397 people. Ethnic group element: X ng: making up 49.7%, Ba Na: making up 16.5%, others: making up 4.5%, Kinh: making up 29.3%. In general, commune population is uneven distributed, they're almost farming to earn their living with backward cultivation level, low productivity.
Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

Education: In the school year 2010 - 2011, within the commune there is total 48 teachers are working at the study grades. In which: Primary education: 23 teachers, Junior high school: 13 teachers, 4 managers and 1 accountant. Total pupil at the study grades is 284 pupils. In which: Pre-school: 05 classes with 70 pupils; primary education: 15 classes with 154 pupils; Junior high school: 03 classes with 48 pupils. At present, the whole commune there is 23 classrooms, in which 19 reinforced class rooms, 02 semi-reinforced classrooms and 02 temporary classrooms. Health: Medical personnel team are regular members of the station are 5 people, in which 02 physicians, 01 druggist, 01 nurse and 01 midwife. Culture: Propagandize policies of the Party and State to the people, especially policies bringing direct benefits to the people, construct cultural, prosperous and powerful hamlets and villages. Security, national defence: Political security is always stable and be maintained, complicated cases did not happen. Officials and people serious execute guideline of the Party, laws and policies of the State. General evaluation: v Advantages: - Land, ground and climate conditions are very convenient to develop agriculture, geological location is very convenient for goods transportation. - Having enormous potentiality to develop tourist and service industries, as motive power for diversified development of industrial and home industrial professions. - Infrastructures as electricity, road, school, station and welfare works within these districts are invested in and improved. - Cultural and spiritual life as well as in production of people were significant increased, contributed to undertake and getting high results in poverty alleviation in region Nevertheless, besides advantages and acquired achievements, certain difficulties still exist. v Difficulties: Awareness of people is limited, some people still rely on the State. Limited qualifications of officials from hamlet, village to commune.

- Some invested works within region stored too badly by people to obtain good results during period of use.

Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

- The investment programs to support living, agricultural economic models, scientific and technical transfer are widely performed on a large scale, but application results after project are not as expected. In general, in order to make use effectively potentialities for economic development in general, rural agricultural economic development in particular, of the project area as well as resettlement area, the Company shall cooperate with the local government to undertake: - Building up qualifications for personnel team, training to improve qualifications of people - Enhancing investment in construction of production models for people to learn and transfer science and technology - Mobilizing and inserting sources of development investment for some essential infrastructures as: Welfare works are electricity, road, school and station up to the hamlet and village Developing investment in hydraulic works

- Maintaining and developing cultural institutions of native culture, little by little create good conditions for people to access, enjoy and create premise for development of agricultural economy and rural economy with the existing potentialities. 6. CHANGE IN ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS AND MEASURES TO MINIMIZE NEGATIVE IMPACTS OF THE PROJECT 6.1. Change in environment impacts of the project In basically, negative impacts on the environment shall be less changed against what mentioned in the environmental impacts assessment Report of the Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project has been adopted upon Decision No.1718/Q-BTNMT dated 29th August 2008 of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment. Nevertheless, because change of the aforesaid main specifications of the project, hence sources of impact, scale and level of impacts on environment are also changed. In this Report, we shall specific evaluate environmental impacts properly with present situation of the Project. 6.1.1. Preparation and construction period: 6.1.1.1. Change in impacts because of waste: During this period, the impacts because of waste mostly occur due to dust from rock excavation work for construction of works at pressure route and energy route,dust and polluted gases,noise from machines, vehicles, household wastewater, construction
Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

waste, household solid waste, construction waste and a quantity of exhausted grease from maintenance of machines, equipments etc. These impacts are not remarkable changed against previous selected project (in load, level of pollution and impact suffered objects have been anticipated in the environmental impacts assessment Report has been adopted). In addition to, according to environmental realities observational results at Project area as per section 5.3, environmental quality at the project area there is no sign of pollution. This demonstrates that environment in project area is not suffered bad impacts from activities here. 6.1.1.2. Change in impacts not because of waste: v Change affecting to ecological system: Impacts on ecological system are not changed against what mentioned on the environment impacts assessment Report has been adopted. Nevertheless, according to adjustment plan, flooding area of Dak SNghe Lake is 708.1 ha, reduced 151.86 ha against previous selected plan (859,96 ha). Fauna on this area is no longer suffered from bad impacts on faunal at reservoir area as before. v Change affecting to economic - social life: - Damage in land: For changing according to retention level plan is 1.160m, damaged land area in Dak Tang, Mang But, Mang Canh and Ngoc Tem communes in Kon Plong district and Dak Koi, Kon Ray district are 801.8 ha, reduction against previous plan (942.96ha). Damage in housing, public works and infrastructures:

For retention level adjustment plant is 1.160m, according to investigation figures in November 2007, houshold number whose flooded land is shown in below table: Table 22: Statistics of household number whose flooded land. Statistical figures Previous plan Adjusted plan Household People Household People number number number number 279 1.211 82 379 267 1.174 77 368 28 135 49 233 12 37 5 11 2 5 3 6 31 152 31 152 310 1.363 82 379

No

Place names Dak Tang commune Agricultural household Hamlet 1 (Vi Rin 1,2) Hamlet 3 Non-agricultural household Hamlet 1 (Vi Rin 1,2) Hamlet 3 Mang But commune Agricultural household Total

A 1 2 B 1 2 A

Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

Hence, household number whose flooded land is much reduced against previous selected plan (310 flooded households). 6.1.1.3. Change in risk of environmental problems: In few years backwards, due to weather change caused unforeseen disasters. In 2009, because impacts of climate change, flood happening on head water of Se San River was fair abnormal, especially in September 2009 caused historical flood and suddenly changed flood regime on Se San River and flood to Upper Kon Tum dam site. The project area and neighboring areas were suffered from which with serious economic and social damages. Figures of peak of flood in September 2009 as below: Table 23: Height of peak of flood in September 2009 at the hydrometeorological stations of Kon Tum province
Hydrometeorological station Kon Tum Kon Plng k T k Mt Height of peak of flood (cm) 52415 59720 59013 58165 Appearance period Against alarm 3 Against largest flood 113 cm 107 cm 133 cm 229 cm

23:00 PM 29th Sep 2009 Larger: 414 cm 21:00 PM 29th Sep 2009 Larger: 419 cm 19:00 PM 29th Sep 2009 Larger: 264 cm 23:00 PM 29th Sep 2009 Larger: 702 cm

Source: Steering Committee for flood prevention of Kon Tum province

This proves that project area shall have potential impacts from natural factors as dilluvial rains eroding rock and causing industrial accidients; break down of border dike may happen upon presentation of flood with frequency exceeding flood frequency during construction period. Therefore, the Company shall take measures to prevent those during months of rain and stom during both construction and commission period of the project. 6.1.2. Water accumulation and operation period of the plant: 6.1.2.1. Change in impacts because of waste: The environmental impacts assessment Report has been adopted does not include assessment of waste, the additional environmental impacts assessment Report shall assess impacts on natural, economic - social environment during this period, according to below new plan: v For sources of dust and exhausted gas: Operation of the transport means: Mostly occur from the transport mean meeting and seeing off about 50 officials and works to and from the plant. Estimate quantity of vehicles go in or out of the plant is 5 trips/ day in average, almost used fuel is Diezen oil (S = 0.25%) shall exhaust to the air environment quantity of exhaust fume containing pollutants as: dust, NO2 , SO2 and CO.
Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

Base upon pollution factor stipulated by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) and World Health Organization (WHO), load of pollutants exhausted to the air environment by vehicles on transporting road section at the average distance of 100km, is calculated below: Table 24: Pollution load of the vehicles. No 1 2 3 4 Pollutant Dust SO2 NO2 CO Pollution factor (kg/1000 km/vehicle) 0.07 2.74*S 2.25 6.0 Load (E) (mg/m.s) 4.05.10-6 0.4.10-6 1.3.10-4 3.45.10-4

Above calculation results indicate that load of pollutants exhausted by the vehicles is very low. It is because during this period, frequency and quantity of vehicles go in or out of project area is small. Therefore, impact of exhausted gas from those on environment is not remarkable. v For source of noise: Noise occurs from activities of generator for project and turbine engine as running, it's also from flood discharge process of the plant. Noise level from those is about 90 - 100 dBA (according to survey document at some hydropower plants as Yaly, Son La, Da Nhim etc. To evaluate impacts of noise on surrounding environments, use calculation method of spread of noise from many different sources, specifically: L = Lp - DLd - DLb - DLn (dB) In which: + L : Noise spreading to calculation point in surrounding environment. + Lp : Noise level of source of noise. + Ld - Noise level reduces upon distance d at the frequency i, Ld = 20lg [(r2 /r1 )1+a] r1 - Distance to source of noise corresponding of Lp (1 m) r2 - Calculation distance of reduction degree of noise level corresponding to Li (m) a - Coefficient taking into account of effect of noise absoprtion of land terrain (a = 0) + DLb : Noise level reduced as spreading through obstacle (cladding structures, row of green trees and retaining wall), DLb = 0
Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

+ DLn : Noise level is absorbed by air and surrounding surfaces, DLn = 0 Table 25: Noise level at some distances (taking into account of spread of noise). Noise level of source (dBA) 90 - 110 TCVN 3985:1999 Noise level is 3m from source of noise (dBA) 80.46 - 90.46 Noise level is 5m from source of noise (dBA) 76.02 - 86.02 85 Noise level is 10m from source of noise (dBA) 70 - 80

No 1 2

Note: - Vietnamese Standard TCVN 3985:1999: Noise standard for production sector.

From above calculation results, indicate that in the scale of smaller than 10m larger than allowable limit according to noise standard for production sector Vietnamese Standard TCVN 3985:1999. Therefore, it shall affect to employees' health, reduce listening ability and then reduce work efficiency and productivity. v For source of household wastewater: Household wastewater: Almost appeared from living activities of officials and workers at the project area. This source of wastewater containing a fair large amount of pollutants as residues, suspended solids (SS), organics (BOD, COD), nutrients (N,P) and microbes. Accumulation of wastewater on land, inside land and even source of surface water shall pollute the surrounding environment. This also a reason why causing contagious epidemics. For about 50 officials and workers working at the plant, water demand for living purposes is nearly 5m3 /day (100 liters/ person in average), wastewater quantity occurs is 4m3 /day (wastewater capacity is equal to 80% supplied water capacity). According to rapid evaluation method of S.J. Arceivala, volume of pollutants exhausted to the environment by one person every day is presented in below table: Table 26: Dirt load/person/day/night No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Pollutants BOD5 COD TSS N NH4 + Non-mineral grease Total N Total P Coliform Load (g/ person/day/night) 45 54 72 102 70 145 2.4 4.8 10 30 6 12 0.8 4 106 109 Load (g/day/night) 2.250 2.700 3.600 5.100 3.500 7.250 120 240 500 1.500 300 600 40 200 5.107 5.1010

Table 27: Concentration of pollutants in household wastewater without treatment.


Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Note:

Pollutants BOD5 COD TSS N NH4 + Non-mineral grease Total N Total P Coliform

Concentration of pollutants (mg/liter) 562.5 675 900 1.275 875 1.812.5 30 60 125 375 75 150 10 50 1.25.107 1.25.1010

QCVN 14:2008/BTNMT (Colum B) 60 120 12 24 5.000

QCVN 14:2008/BTNMT- National technical regulation on household wastewater. Applying coefficient K =1,2 for production base less than 500 people, Cmax = C x K.

Above calculation results indicate that concentration of all pollutants in untreated household wastewater exceeding allowable level in many times against QCVN 14:2008/BTNMT. As presenting at the source of receiving, wastewater shall increase concentration of pollutants in water and pollute source of surface water in region, affecting to environment and causing reversal impact on human, for instance: + The organics at high concentration shall cause reduction of concentration of dissolved oxygen in water because micro-organism uses this oxygen capacity to decompose organics. Dissolved oxygen quantity is reduced to under 50% saturation shall affect to existence and development of aquatic species. Low oyxgen capacity also reduce self- cleaning probability of the river. + Suspended solid (TSS) is the agent causing negative influences on aquatic resources asw ell as photosensitive harms, such as: Increasing turbidity of source of water and aggradate river bed and reservoir foundation. High TSS is one of the causes affecting development of ephemerous animal and plant. + Nutrients (N, P): As too high concentration of nutrients is not remove, shall eutrophication the source of receiving wastewater. At that time, aquatic plant species strong grow up and die, and then decay polluting the source of water. + Micro-organisms within dung: Bacteria, virus, mushroom, protoplast and parasitic worms etc are germ types may be spread through water environment and penetrate into human body and may cause diseases.
Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

v For source of household solid waste and harmful waste: Solid waste: Operation feature of hydropower is not occurring production waste. So occurred waste mostly is household solid waste of 50 officials and workers. They are including pieces of redundant foods, redundant rice, nylo bags, box covers and waste papers etc. Stagnation of these wastes for a few days, if any, shall cause bad odour is the environment for spreading infection diseases to human. For such quantity of officials and workers, estimate every person maximum exhausts 0.8kg/day in average (according to QCVN:01/2008/BXD on Construction Planning of the Ministry of Construction), in everyday, solid waste volume occurs would be 40kg. Harmful waste: Almost is exhausted grease from service, maintenance of engine, equipments and machines of the hydropower plant. Besides, it's also insulating oil containing PCBs, cancer pathogen. + Exhausted grease: Due to service, maintenance of engine and vehicles. Although quantity is not much, but it's necessary to collect to avoid polluting water and earth environment. + Transformer residual oil containing PCBs (polyclorua biphenyl): Occur from service, maintenance process of transformer, capacitors and voltage adjusting device. This substance remarkable harms the environment and human health. Therefore, it's necessary to absolute collect to prevent pollution of PCBs. 6.1.2.2 Change in impacts not because of waste: v Impacts on reservoir water quality (because change in area, reservoir capacity and elevation): At the period of storing water in reservoir, reservoir water quality shall depend on reservoir bed cleaning up process. If it's not performed well, shall pollute and reduce reserivoir water quality in association with other negative impacts on aquatic system, development of fishery in reservoir bed area as well as local people life For narrowed reservoir capacity against before from 173.7 millions m3 to 145.52 millions m3 and reduction of reservoir surface area from 8.6 km2 to 7.081 km2 may evaluate reservoir water quality through some following criteria: - Temperature (temperature stratification phenomon within resevoir): Based upon figures from som reservoirs in Western Highlands are 400m above sea level as: Tonle Sap Lake (Pleiku 800m) and Yaly Lake (Gia Lai, Kon Tum 700m), did not disvoer any temperature stratification inside lake but temperature gradient between surface layer and bottom layer about 6 7o C. Therefore, the reservoir of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower

Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

within Western Highlands and its depth although increased about 0.35m highe than before, but not remarkable. Hence, it shall have similar features as above lakes. - Degree of mineralization of water: Base upon some observational documents of some reservoirs that commissioned such as: Dau Tieng, Tri An and Hinh River Reservoirs presented that which of natural river water and reservoir water is similar with each other or increased but very little, from 3-5%. However, reservoir water is seasonal changed, degree of mineralization increases in flood season but decreases in dry season. Hence, may similar forecast for the Upper Kon Tum reservoir, although changes in capacity, area and depth, but degree of mineralization there is no remarkable fluctuation and not changed much more than Dak SNghe River water and would be seasonal changed. - Nutrients and organics: Dissolved oxygen indicate (DO) has close relation to the biological decomposable organics. After forming reservoir, the nutritional regime and organics in reservoir would be remarkable changed and close relating to the biological and chemical processes in reservoir foundation. In water ecosystems, reduction of dissolved oxygen content close depends on reservoir foundation cleaning up. Once reservoir is cleaned up carefully, dissolved oxygen content is little reduced and vice versa. To forecast dissolved oxygen quantity in Upper Kon Tum Hydropower reservoir, it's necessary to calculate needed oxygen quantity to oxidize all organics of plants and soil in reservoir foundation, by using empiric formula of A.I.Denhinova below: O2 = (K0 t x S t + K0tv x Dtv )/1.000 In which: + O2 : Necessary oxygen quantity to oxidize all organics decomposed from flooded plants and soil in reservoir foundation + K0 t : Empirical coefficient presents necessary oxygen quantity to oxidize all composed organics in 1 ha flooded soil in reservoir foundation. For tropical soil K0 t = 48.8 kg/ha. + K0tv : Empirical coefficient presents necessary oxygen quantity to oxidize all decomposerd organics in a ton of flooded plant in reservoir foundation in dry basis. For timber body (body, branch and root): K0tv = 9,4 kg/tn; for leaves and gress: K0tv = 6,0 kg/ton. + S t : Reservoir area + Dtv : Bio mass in absolute dry basis of the flooded plants in reservoir foundation. Estimated total biomass of flooded plant types in Upper Kon Tum Hydropower reservoir is: 15.061.47 ton. Hence, oxygen quantity to oxidize organics of plants and soil in reservoir foundation is:
Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

O2 = (K0 t x S t +K0tv x Dtv )/1.000 = (48.8 x 708.1+10.994.87 x 9.4+4.066.597 x 6.0)/1.000 = 162.307 tn. For dissolved oxygen concentration in reservoir is 6.01 mg/l (equivalent to dissolved oxygen concentration in Dak SNghe River) and total reservoir capacity is 145.52 millions m3 , total DO quantity in reservoir would be 874.575 ton. If it's necessary to oxidize all recycled biomass during cleaning up process until period of water accumulation is 712.269, equivalent to 4.9 mg/l. However, if reservoir foundation is careful cleaned up before storing water in reservoir, remove all trees with big trunks, branches, leaves and gress. At that time, remained biomass quantity would be recycled vegetable biomass quantity about 3.012.294 ton. Oxygen quantity must be spent to oxidize all organics in reservoir is 52.63 ton, remaining oxygen in reservoir would be 821.946 ton equivalent to 5.65 mg/l. Therefore, as reservoir foundation is careful cleaned up, water quality (dissolved oxygen concentration) although reduced against before reservoir is made, but water quality is still assured for vegetation types living in reservoir. - Ability to eutrophicationize: This phenomon if happens shall mud water with colors and fishy smell because of serial kill of seaweed, shall increase BOD, COD and NH4 + and re-contamination. On the other hand, deposit of seaweed and phosphorous compounds shall make reservoir getting old rapidly because of disintegration process of biological products depositing a lot of sluidge and organices. Water environment is gradually becoming fastidious and reduce water quality in reservoir foundation affecting to which at the downstream area. Eutrophication probability of the reservoir may be evaluated as following: It's also based upon reservoir foundation before storing water in reservoir: Plan 1 (P1): Maintain fauna realities. Plan 2 (P2): Clean up and chop about 50% fauna volume. Plan 3 (P3): Clean up and chop about 75% fauna volume. Base upon allowable maxium load of phosphorous in reservoir of Vollenwinder (1976): Lc=10qs * (1+(D/qs)0,5 ); qs=Q/A In which: + + Lc: Standardized phosphorous load to mg P/m2 , if it's increased to 2 - 3 times, reservoir eutrophication phenomenon would happen. qs: Running speed through reservoir (72.148 m/year).

Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

+ + + +

A: Reservoir area (7.081 km2 ). Q: Water quantity running to the reservoir (510.88.106 m3 /year). D: Average depth of reservoir (20.55 m). Lc=1106.5 mgP/m2 = 7.835 ton P.

Background phosphorous value on Dak Snghe River (according to evaluated figures) is 20.41 ton. According to agricultural waste managing scenery notebook of the Unites States Department of Agriculture (1992), Phosphorous quantity in biomass made up about 0.09% total flooded biomass quantity in reservoir equivalent to 13.555 tons. In which, decomposable value is 0.09%, flooded composable biomass in reservoir is equivalent to 3.66 tons. According to the plans, value of P is presented in below table: Table 28: Value P in reservoir according to reservoir foundation cleaning up plans Target P Unit Reservoir Ton Foundation 100% value Biomass 20.41 3.66 Foundation Foundation Foundation 3* + 100% + 50% + 25% Maximum Biomass Biomass Biomass value P 24.07 22.24 21.325 23.506

Hence, as reservoir foundation is cleaned up at least about 75% biomass is flooded in the reservoir, eutrophucation phenomenon is unable to happen, water quality is guarantee for creatures living in reservoir. Change in water quality in lowlands:

During the first years, store water during about 4 - 5 years, water quality in lowlands of Dak Lo River is of Tra Khuc River basin may be affected because it's reduced to some extent (due to biomass decomposation in reservoir). Therefore, after running through the hydropower plan in this time, water may have impact on water quality in lowlands. As the plant is stable commissioned, alluvium quantity almost deposited in reservoir foundation, therefore, after derivation and generating tunnel run to Dak Lo stream, alluvium concentration in water here may be reduced. v Change in micro-climate condition: For reduction of free surface area of reservoir from 8.6 km2 to 7.081 km2 , a part of water losing ability shall reduce. Total evaporation is 1.421.3 mm/year before storing water in reservoir and increase of evaporation losses upon presentation of reservoir is
Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

416 mm/year, at that time, total evaporation would be 1.827.3 mm. Hence, micr-climate regime at project area is improved certainly and not changed so much than before. Pure and cool air, high air humidity stimulates development of trees need sun light, developes more some trees adapting with the new climate conditions. A part of fauna surrounding project area is stable restored early, bringing back natural surface landscape as the initial state. In general, as the reservoir is commissioned, shall contribute to improve subarea micro-climate of remarkably and this impact shall last during existence of reservoir. v Change in hydrographic regime of flow: The Upper Kon Tum hydropower plant has basin area increased from 350 km2 to 374 km2 and reservoir capacity reduced from 173.7 millions m3 to 145.52 millions m3 changing initial current regime of Dak SNghe River. Hydrographic regime shall be changed basically from river type into reservoir type. In every year, water level of reservoir would change from dead water level (1.138m) to retention level (1.160m). And then, it shall have impact on ecosystem as well as ability to supply basin of Dak SNghe River with water from dam site 1A and basin of Se San River, specifically : Impact on water using issue of Se San River:

- For Se San River basin: Se San River is one of the large branches of Me Kong River basin, originated from the mountainous region in the North of Western Highlands in Vietnam, and then running to Cambodia. Main river is 237 km in total length, basin is 11.450 km2 in area, entire Se San River is within Gia Lai and Kon Tum provinces. Hence, basin area up to dam site 1A location made up about 3.27% Se San River basin area. Therefore, moving water to Tra Khuc River basin shall reduce flow discharge of Se San River. According to study figures of step planning for Se San River hydropower and Upper Kon Tum hydropower plant project, indicated that construction of this hydropower plant and moving water to Tra Khuc River basin shall reduce approximately 270 GWh/year (270 millions kwh/year) of all 4 hydropower plants are now operating on Se San River are Yali, Se San 3, 3A and 4. However, after Upper Kon Tum hydropower plant is commissioned, shall generate about 824.2 millions kwh/year (after deducting from reduction of the plants). In general, although moving water to Tra Khuc River basin and for the purpose of power generation for the country, but shall affect to flow on entire Se San River basin. From that point, shall affect water supply to generate power for the hydropower plants on this river, nevertheless, benefits from moving water and very large quantity of generated power, therefore, construction of the Upper Kon Tum hydropower plant is conforming to the Official dispatch No. 496/CP-CN dated 07th June 2001 of the Government on adoption of step planning for Se San River. - For Se San River basin area: Upon change in main figures of the Upper Kon Tum hydropower plant, shall not change its flow rate as running to Cambodia. According to
Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

calculations, its smallest monthly flow rate (dry season) after commissioning Se San 4 hydropower plant and combining with Sa Thay River about 104.5m3 /s, meanwhile its natural flow is about 45.1m3 /s. Thus, after running to Cambodia, it is not only not reduced but also increased especially in dry season. Impact on environment and ability to supply water of Dak SNghe River basin:

- For environmental aspect, for ecosystem at the river section just behind the dam: According to Tennant method - evaluation method upon capacity percentage left by the river after regulation, it's considered as necessary to maintain structure and functions of water ecosystem. Table 29: Necessary flow to maintain river condition with Tennent method. Li ving condition maintaining goal Outstanding noteworthy Excellent Good Moderate or reduced Poor or smallest Serious reduction Average flow percentage (% ) Dry season Rainy season 40 60 30 20 10 10 0 - 10 50 40 30 10 0 10 River capacity level (m3 /s) Dry season Rainy season 1.904 11.22 1.428 0.950 0.476 0.476 0 0.476 9.35 7.48 5.61 1.87 0 1.87

According to this method, flow is minimum maintained to 10% to guarantee existence and development of underwater ecosystem. Upon calculations of the Institute of Water Resources Planning, average capacity of Dak SNghe River in dry season is 4.76m3/s. At times of impounding, should consider flow rate of the river section combining with the weir with Dak Bla River is about 58.7 km in length would be reduced. Nevertheless, this river section has many stream branches entered into with average capacity in dry season is 2.8 m3/s (including combination with Dak A Koi stream). The river section just behind previous dam site is about 8km in length with flow rate is changed from 0.05 m3 /s to 0.476 m3 /s may be reduced remarkably, especially in dry season. From that point, it shall affect ecosystem in regional and may have bad impact on living environment and prevent migration of aquatic creatures. Nevertheless, upon new adjusted plan, its length before stream branches entering into is shortened about 4.7 km, so impact level on ecosystem is reduced than before. The next river section is about 54km in length with flow rate is apprximately 0.476 m3 /s and more, therefore, there is no remarkable impact on ecosystem at this river section. Ability to supply water:

Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

+ For the river just behind weir is where has slope mountainous and abrupt terrain in Kon Plong district, no residential area is arranged, there is no farming land (investigation figure in 2007), hence, moving water to Tra Khuc River basin shall not have impact on water supply here. + The riverside area and neighboring area towards dam site basin, out of small stream branches, there is also large stream branches entering into Dak SNghe River is Dak A Koi large stream branch about 33.7 km from dam site 1A, and Dak Po Ne is about 38.3 km from the dam site. For water supply demand, the riverside as well as neighboring area has no residential area arranged, there is no industrial parks and clusters, water using demand in dam basin area is almost for welfare of people and agricultural sector. For instance, communes in Upper Kon Tum dam basin area there is Dak SNghe River goes through Dak Koi, Dak To Lung, Tan Lap, Dak Ruong and Dak To Re communes and Dak Rve town, Kon Ray district, Kon Tum province. Dak Koi commune (with 10 hamlets), Dak To Lung commune (with 7 hamlets). Population and farming land is concentrated in Dak A Koi stream side and absolute use Dak A Koi stream water. Dak Pne commune (with 4 hamlets) and Dak Rve town, population and farming land also used water on Dak Po Ne stream branch. Dak Ruong commune (14 hamlets) and Dak To Re (12 hamlets), its population and farming land located on Dak SNghe River side. However, this river section has abundent source of water because it was added with source of water from Dak A Koi and Dak Po Ne river branches. In addition to, on main current of Dak SNghe River (25.2 km from Upper Kon Tum dam towards downstream), there is only on Dak SNghe weir taking water from main current to water about 150 ha farm land of of hamlet 3 - Tan Lap commune. Therefore, real water using deman behind Upper Kon Tum dam is mostly of Tan Lap commune. According to water demand results for welfare of the people and agriculture (cultivated crops and breeding) until 2020 is 6.27 millions m3 equivalent to 0.693 m3 /s. Table 30: Water supply demand for Upper Kon Tum dam lowlands until 2020. No Water supply work Irrigation area (ha) Previous Expected Realities plan (2011 2020) 287 530 730 87 200 150 380 150 580

I IRRIGATION SUPPLY 1 Dak SNghe dam Small irrigation works for Tan Lap 2 commune 1 Irrigation supply

Water requirements (million m3 ) 2.77 4.57 6.04

Water supply (million m3 ) HOUSEHOLD + BREEDING WATER II SUPPLY Previous Realities Expected
Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

plan Supply population in basin area from 1 behind Upper Kon Tum dam to combined Dak Po Ne branch III TOTAL WATER SUPPLY 0.082 2.85 0.162 4.73

(2011 2020) 0.23 6.27

Thus, according to rate of flow at middle area after dam closure is about 1.52m3 /s, water supply for this area is still guaranteed. Changing current regime of Dak Lo stream:

For current of Dak Lo stream, operation process of the plant (for purpose of power generation) changes current regime, but current changing amplitude is small and continuous fluctuation during the year. In one day, current capacity is smaller than normal from 06:00 AM to 18:00 PM and larger than normal from 18:00 PM to 06:00 AM in the next day, as the plant exhausts water for power generation. Impacts on ability to supply water in Tra Khuc River basin:

According to previous investigation and assessment results, Tra Khuc River basin has crowded population and potentiality in agriculture, so water using demand is rather high. At present, however, lack of water happens usually especially in dry season, but here which is ended about 3 months longer than Se San River basin. Therefore, the Upper Kon Tum hydropower plant with reservoir capacity is approximiately 145.52 millions m3, after water discharge running through the plant for power generation shall transfer about 29.96m3 /s water into Dak Lo stream and then running to Tra Khuc River. Although this capacity is reduced than before (30.5m3 /s) but not remarkable and irrigation water is still supplied fully helping to increase cultivated crop productivity. The benefited area from the source of water behind the Upper Kon Tum hydropower plant in dry season is not only Tra Khuc River basin but also Tra Bong River downstream area, Ve River (within Thanh Nam system irrigation area) within Quang Ngai province. v Deposition, erosion and reservoir losing ability: - Reservoir deposition: River prevention banking, creating reservoir and storing water in reservoir sudden changes flow rate and apperance of a static waters created sludge and alluvial accumulation and deposition phenomenon in reservoir. Reservoir foundation deposition process shall change deeply hydrographic - hydraulic regime of current. Although reservoir capacity is reduced to about 28.18 millions m3 but ability to deposit still happens. To calculate sludge deposition volume to dam site 1A, use sludge measurement document in Kon Plong Station (1994 - 2005). Calculate during a long period in proportion with annual current to obtain sludge volume to Kon Plong station route
Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

during (1960 - 2005) and apply calculation formula for moving sludge to dam site 1A, with density of suspended sludge about 1.182 ton/m3 and removed sludge is 1.554 tons/m3 . Total sludge result to dam site 1A is shown in below table: Table 31: Total annual sludge quantity to dam site 1 (previous plan) and dam site 1A (adjusted plan) Dam site 1 1A Q (m3 /s) Qs (kg/s) 15.2 16.2 1.525 1.635 Wll Wd 103 ton/year 48.1 51.6 19.2 20.6 67.3 72.2 W Wll Wd W

103 m3 /year 40.7 43.6 12.4 13.3 53.1 56.9

Note: Q: Water discharge calculated to dam site, Qs: sludge quantity calculated to dam site, Wd: removed sludge quantity, Wll: suspended sludge quantity, W: Total sludge quantity.

Total deposited sludge quantity in reservoir is calculated upon Brune method is relying on relationship between retained alluvium with retention period of current in reservoir. At that time, reservoir accmulating capacity after years of operation is shown in below table: Table 32: Reservoir accumlating capacity after years of operation Accumulating3 capacity Remained capacity Operation (10 6 m ) (10 6 m3 ) period Previous Adjusted Previous Adjusted (year) plan plan plan plan 1 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 0.05 0.52 1.03 1.53 2.04 2.54 3.04 3.54 4.03 4.53 5.02 0.05 0.52 1.03 1.53 2.04 2.54 3.04 3.54 4.03 4.35 5.02 173.65 173.18 172.67 172.17 171.66 171.16 170.66 170.16 169.67 169.17 168.68 145.47 145 144.49 143.99 143.48 142.98 142.48 141.98 141.49 141.17 140.5 Accumulated capacity percentage Previous plan 0.03 0.30 0.59 0.88 1.17 1.46 1.75 2.04 2.32 2.61 2.89 Adjusted plan 0.1 1.3 2.5 3.7 4.9 6.1 7.3 8.5 9.7 10.5 12.1

Thus, deposition capacity after 100 years of operation may make up 12.1% dead capacity of reservoir (41.46 millions m3), therefore, about in the next 826.45 years
Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

shall fill up entire dead capacity of reservoir. After dam site 1A, annual sludge quantity would be reduced only approximately 0.069 millions m3/year is remained. However, towards downstream is small stream branches and 02 large stream branches are Dak A Koi and Dak Po Ne combining with Dak SNghe River, hence, shall add a remarkable sludge quantity into Dak SNghe River. - Reservoir bank erosion and regeneration: Reservoir area is narrowed than before and still within stratum system is of Kainozoi era. Granite biotite is of Hai Van complex allocated to cover the reservoir bank, although strong development of erosion phenomon but in local state in small scale inside eluvial soil layer and powerful weathered belt, hardly affecting reservoir capacity. Also according to Kositabslis method about evaluation of reservoir bank regeneration, presents that indicators are operating from weak to medium level, with value a = 0,.4. At the same time, Dak SNghe River bank area is almost including cracked weathered granite. However, cracks are filled up with clay. Therefore, ability to erode reservoir bank is low. Nevertheless, it's necessary to take some measures in some sections to prevent strong erosion may happen. - Evaluate ability to loss reservoir water: Although reservoir capacity is narrowed than before but reservoir are is still within granite, biotite and basalt allocation area next to dam site, and a part in upstream area higher than retention level. Moreover, hydrolysis area between Dak SNghe River and Dak Lo River at the altitude up to 1.500m, about 340m higher than retention level. At the streams on both sides of water separation ways at the altitude about 1.200m is 40m higher than retention level. In addition to, in this area has large rainfall usually lasted in 9 months in every year, rather abundant underground water quality. Therefore, with retention level is 1.160m, ability to loss reservoir water to Dak Lo stream valley is not existed. However, ability to penetrate water from reservoir back to downstream happens on both abutments (dam site 1A) due to geological structure, specifically: + Left bank abutment: At the section meeting with tectonic fault IV-13 with slope 800 running from upstream back to downstream cutting over abutment at the altitude about 1.195m, angle of slope towards the east. The broken up rock is 400m in width running from dam, angle of slope towards the river direction, along with fault rock is discontinuous broken up is 10 - 20m in width. Two faults locate over abutment less affecting dam stability but easy to cause water penetration and loss down to downstream. + Right bank abutment: In the section meeting tectonic fault IV-1 with slope 800 , running from upstream to downstream cutting over abutment at the altitude of 1.190m, angle of slope towards east, rock is cracked and broken up is from 5 - 10m discontinuous width. Fault locates over abutment, little affecting dam stability but easy to cause water penetration and loss down to downstream.
Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

v Impact on ecosystem and aquatic product catching and rearing industry: - For flora: Period of storing water in reservoir with previous plan shall flood 859.96 ha, in which farming land has 89.73ha in area, forest land is about 384.8 ha in area and others are about 385.43 ha in area. However, upon adjusted plan as free surface area is reduced to 708.1 ha, entire reservoir capacity is 145.52 millions m3 in area and retention level is 1.160m. According investigation result in 2009, total flooded land is 708.1 ha in area (acquisition land area of resservoir), in which, forest land is 284.41 ha in area. Thus, shall reduce chopping down impacts on forest plants and inherent flora volume here than before. At the same time, it shall limit ability to reduce coverage of forest. Forming reservoir shall also increase humidity, create good conditions for natural devalopment of cultivated crops and natural trees. On the other hand, change of main specifications (MNDBT/MNC = 1.160/1.138 and mounting capacity 220MW) shall minimize influences on population and land, only Dak Tang commune is left to undertake resettlement. However, this shall occur demands for residential area, cultivated fields for agricultural production. It's expected to allocate about 4.1 ha of land residential area and 29.55 ha of perennial cultivated land for people in flooded area for forming the new resettlement villages and hamlets. These activities shall cause deforestation, removal of fauna here to build up new villages and hamlets, simultaneously, increase risk of illegal exploitation of woods for construction and firewoods etc. These are reasons for reduction of species, element of species for inherent fauna in the region. - For fauna: Forming reservoir shall flood some more land areas, change the environment and separate residence of some animal species used to adapt with terrestrial life. From that point, may cause reduction of species element and narrow allocation area of many species in the region. However, reduction of elevation to 10m and reservoir capacity to more than 28 millions m3 , shall lighten level of impact on some animal species in project area than before. Moreover, as reservoir is stored full water with narrowed free surface area than before, but a cool atmosphere is created to maintain and develop animal species living at the bottom, species adapting with the water environment and reservoir side area: birds in kingfisher group and reptile, amphibian species (water snake, amphibians and iguana etc). Besides, reallocation of some residential areas in region, agricultural development shall develop some species and expand distribution of some species as: rats, sparrow and toad etc - For aquatic system: After forming reservoir although reduced in free surface area als well as capacity of entire reservoir foundation but has some remarkable impacts on aquatic system in reservoir. This not only changes terrestrial ecosystem but also hydrology of flooded area and forms the new reservoir ecosystem with characteristic aquatic creatures for this hydrology. During the first years of flooding, in reservoir shall
Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

appear and fair strong develop group of floating creatures (seawee speices) are characteristic aquatic system during this period. At the coastal areas, shrimp species would also develop with large quantity of species, meanwhile, mollusca species remarkable reduced in quantity because of unstable probability of earth at more flooded areas. Quantity of some fishes adapting with river hydrology also reduced, however, because of decomposition of biomass, therefore, humus residue eating fishes adapting with static water environment shall develop, may increase some planktons at the bottom adapating with living environment in this hydrology. This is also suitable condition for developing reservoir fish breeding. - For aquatic catching and rearing industry: With reservoir capacity is 145.52 millions m3 and free surface area is 7.081 km2 , although reduced but not having impact during the first years of storing water because static water environment is convenient for developing fishes as carp, dried mudfish and major carp etc, may forecast fair large fish productivity because abundant source of food. The nutrient supply of the reservoir is mostly coming from two major directions are main current because of erosion and removal of substances into reservoir from inside due to mineralized decomposition from the bottom deposits. Besides, concentration of people, agricultural development in basin shall also contribute to add nutrients into reservoir, with a view to maintain development of aquatic catching and rearing within reservoir foundation area. v Impact on land environment: - For land fund in reservoir foundation area: Change of specifications of the project shall reduce total flooded land area about 155.23 ha in reservoir foundation, and shall return it back to the local land fund to use for other purposes. - For land in downstream behind the hydropower plant: Storing water in reservoir and water discharge behind hydropower plant to the Tra Khuc River basin shall contribute to limit drough in dry season. Therefore, land use effect in basin area is increased helping to maintain land quality. - Changing land structure: Although specifications of reservoir area and capacity are reduced but when storing water in reservoir, land structure of flooded area and reservoir side area would be changed. For instance, the absolute changed flooded land area is solid deposit in reservoir bottom and mud in reservoir bottom having tendency to remove to the bottom area in major dam direction. And most of which is usually swept away with water at times of flood discharge, helping to increase alluvial soil in downstream. Swamping or viscid phenomena increase along the reservoir because of broken land structure, connection is weak gradually helping to increase ability to deposit in reservoir foundation in the long term.

Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

- Forming semi-flooded zone: It's formed in the scale of retention level and dead water level. There is some area with non-flooded period (3 - 6 months), its area is corresponding with depth from retention level to 2m depth. Another area with short non-flooded period has area corresponding with depth from 6m to the dead water level. Nevertheless, due to characteristics of natural terrain, reservoir foundation is narrow and long, almost coverred by sides with large slope, that's why semi-flooded zone area of reservoir foundation is small. v Impact on economy - society: Although with the plan to reduce mounting capacity from 250 MW to 220 MW, however, the Upper Kon Tum hydropower plant shall contribute to supply power to the Central and South through national grid syste, in cooperation with step hydropower systems on the basin of Se San River. Simultaneously, construction of hydropower plant shall open some more routes out of entrances or exits from the work, creating good conditions to travel and goods commercial betweel local people with areas inside Kon Tum province and neighboring provinces. This is also a favorable condition to develop some local industries as: power industry and building materials manufacturing industry. Construction of the Upper Kon Tum hydropower plant does not affect the neighboring reservation zones but only affect to local forest area. Besides, reduction of reservoir foundation area and capacity as well as retention level of resevoir shall also lighten negative impacts on ecosystem in region, may promote tourist potentiality along with Dak SNghe River area. Forming reservoir foundation is a suitable environment for aquatic rearing. The project manager needs to take measures for local people to rear fishes on semi-flooded area, or plant and cultivate some proper cultivated crops properly with this land. In general, above favorable conditions shall create the same condition for infrastructure, economy and society of locality, little by little improve living standards of local people. Beside aforesaid positive aspects, some negative impacts may be mentioned: - Labor force of the project and emigrants quantity coming to search for business opportunities shall affect to local economic - social situatuon; increase population density, reclaim land, deforest for making fields in the mountains creating difficulties to control security order and occur social evils. - As gathering crowded population and freedom emigrants may bring epidemics with them to infect local people and on the contrary. The most commonly is digestive diseases, malaria and yellow fever etc. - In addition to, if measures to manage, monitor and prevent problems and pollution are not performed seriously, shall lead the risk of degeneration quality of land,
Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

underground water, surface water and biological resources etc. And from that point, shall damage economy and life of people. 6.1.2.3.Change in risks, environmental problems: v Industrial accidents: Because of fire, explosion problems from machines, equipments while running. Electric shock, short-circuit due to careless or leakage problem

This problem if happens shall affect lives of operating workers and property damages. v Fire, explosion problems: During this period, may happen fire, explosion problems in turbine oil and transformer oil tanks. It's because careless of operating workers or damaged equipments, machines. v Flood discharge through spillway problem: This problem happens due to stuck in valve gate or oblige to discharge flood to avoid breaking up dam from too strong overtopping flood. Once it happens shall be a remarkable flood especially for basin of dam site. v Dam breaking up problem: Dam may be broken up due to following causes: Wrong design or exceeding design level

- Flood water is too strong for spillway to discharge, large water pressure may break up work structure of dam - Too much horizontal water penetration shall collapse dam face, destroy water conduits passing dam. - As reservoir is broken shall collapse stream bank, cause local flooding in basin of dam site affecting to human lives and health, damaging traffic routes, collapsing bridge foundation and having influences on welfare works in region with serious damages in economy. v Problem on electrical transmission line: Breach of regulations on safety corridor Conductor or earth line is degraded after a period of operation. Load exceeding limitation of conductor.

- Disaster (Light struct, storm wind) collapses pile foundation, especially weak soil positions and next to the river

Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

Its consequences are electric shock, fire, explosion, broken line, broken up pile and interrupting power supply, impeding traffic. Impacts of this problem only limit within direct causes. For fire, explosion problem on conduct, if unable to distinguish timely may cause risk of spreading fire, particularly at places where conductor goes through. v Problem due to light struck: During operation of the plant, transformer station and power transmission line, problem due to light struck may happen serious affecting human and work. 6.2. Measures to minimize negative impacts of project 6.2.1. Preparation and construction period: v Compensation for damages and resettlement: According to assessment of degree of damage as mentioned above, the Company shall undertake compensation and resettlement as followings: - Estimation of costs of compensation - land clearance, resettlement and infrastructural support of the Upper Kon Tum hydropower project, based upon below legal documents: + + Documents of the Central government, Ministries and industries: Land Law dated 26th November 2003; Construction Law in 2003;

+ Decree No. 181/2004/N-CP dated 29th October 2004 of the Government on execution of Land Law in 2003; + Decree No. 188/2004/N-CP dated 16th November 2004 of the Government on measures to specify land price and price frame of land types; + Decree No. 197/2004/N-CP dated 03rd December 2004 of the Government on compensation, support and resettlement upon land revocation of the State to use for national defence, security, national interest, public interest and economic development purposes; + Decree No. 84/2007/N-CP dated 25th May 2007 of the Government supplementing the Decree No.197/2004/N-CP dated 03rd December 2004 of the Government; + Decree No. 99/2007/N-CP dated 13th June 2007 of the Government on managing investment project for construction of work; + Circular No. 114/2004/TT-BTC dated 26th November 2004 of the Ministry of Finance on guiding to perform the Decree No. 188/2004/N-CP dated 16th November 2004 of the Government on measures to specify land price and price frame of land types; + Circular No. 116/2004/TT-BTC dated 07th December 2004 of Ministry of Finance on guilding to perform the Decree No. 197/2004/N-CP dated 03rd December 2004 of the Government.
Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

Documents of the local government:

+ Decision No. 67/2005/Q-UBND dated 26th October 2005 of the People's Committee of Kon Tum province on specific regulation on support upon land revocation of the State; + Decision No. 44/2007/Q-UBND dated 20th August 2007 of the People's Committee of Kon Tum province on specific regulations on support upon land revocation of the State, performing the Decree No. 84/2007/N-CP dated 25th May 2007 of the Government; + Decision No. 16/2008/Q-UBND dated 29th April 2008 of the People's Committee of Kon Tum province on issuance of housing, structure unit price within Kon Tum province + Decision No. 17/2008/Q-UBND dated 07th May 2008 of the People's Committee of Kon Tum province on issuance of unit price of cultivated crop types within Kon Tum province; + Decision No. 46/2008/Q-UBND dated 03rd October 2008 of the People's Committee of Kon Tum province on issuance of pricing Project (temporary) for land handover, natura forest for lease and compensation within Kon Tum province; + Decision No. 61/2008/Q-UBND dated 29th December 2008 of the People's Committee of Kon Tum province on issuance of unit price of land types in 2009 within Kon Plong district, Kon Tum province; + Document No. 306/TB-UBND dated 27th November 2006 of the People's Committee of Kon Tum province on notification on conclusion of Mr. Tran Quang Vinh - Deputy Chairman of the People's Committee of Kon Tum province at the working with Vinh Son - Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company on investment in the Upper Kon Tum hydropower project; + Agreement minutes on master plan for compensation - land clearance, resettlement and infrastructural support plan of the Upper Kon Tum hydropower project on 27th March 2009 between the Employer with the People's Committee of Kon Plong district, Services of the province and the Kon Tum Union of Science Assoication as well as the Consultative Institute for Development (Critical consultancy). Resettlement arrangement plant:

+ Hamlet 1 (Vi Rin 1,2) there is 30 flooded household. It is expected to arrange resettlement in the left of Dak SNghe River nearby the administrative center of Dak Tang commune, is 1km from the center of Dak Tang center.

Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

+ Hamlet 3 there is 52 flooded households. It's expected to arrange resettlement in the left of Dak SNghe River nearby administrative center of Dak Tang commune, is 2km from the center of Dak Tang commune. + In addition to, there are some backup areas to evaluate and choose in detail planning step. Scale of resettement works: Land area for resettlement and settled agriculture:

+ Arrange residential area at least 1.000m2 and more for each household, arrange housing along with transportation route of resettlement area. In addition to, should take into account of provision for construction of public works and separation of household for forming garden later (forecast until 2020). + Fields land: Base upon empty land fund and treeless mountains and hills to arrange reasonably, but must be at least 1h for every household. + Rice production land: Arrange at least 0.8 ha and more for every household. Hydraulic system of all rice fields supply water upon gravity water supply plan. Household housing: Construction scale: + Housing and household work ground area: grading from 140 150 m2/household, supporting plantation around the household land campus. Arrange housing on both sides of the road. + Improved house on stilts: Pile, beam and bracing are made of reinforced concrete M200, wood floor group 4, hollow brick built wall is 15 cm in length, tile roof and wooden door group 4. + Building area: For the household with person quantity < 5, house building area for each household is 45m2. For the household with person quantity 5, house construction are for every household is 60 m2 . + Infrastructural work: Traffic work:

Provincial road 676, flood prevention road is from Km20 and inward: The Company shall undertake construction more assured scale than previous road and support construction of pavement. Construct river bridge connecting to entrance route into existing Mang But route to guarantee smooth traffic. The routes from provincial road 676 to major routes of the resettlement areas: being built according to grade IV standard for moutainous region, foundation is 6.5m in width, pavement is 3.5m in width, pavement structure is cement concrete M300. The routes inside resettlement areas: Being built according to ANT road type standard.
Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

Electrical works:

+ For the flooded areas, the Company shall compensate by re-construction of other routes to guarantee normal operation of electrical network 22kV to supply Dak Tang and Mang But communes with power. + Construct low pressure electrical network 0.4 kV to every household within resettlement areas. + Construct for each resettlement village 01 transformer station 22/0.4 with capacity 100 kVA. Training and cultural works:

+ Nursery school, kindergarte: Construct in every resettlement village 01 nursery school, kindergarten is 100m2 in area. According to a building of 01 storey: rough stone foundation, hollow brick wall is 15cm in depth, tile roof, wooden door group 4 and tile floor 30x30 cm. + Cultural house (Communal house): Funding 100% expenses for people to build by themselvels, at least 100m2 /communal house. + Primary school: Construct 02 classrooms cover an area of 50m2 /classroom, housing and working office cover an area of 50m2 / room, in every resettlement village. According to scale of building with 01 storey: stone foundation, hollow brick wall is 15cm, tiled roof, wooden door group 4 and tiled floor 30x30 cm. + Household water: Household water supply plan is well boring in association with water tank.

+ Construct common used 01 well and 01 water tank with capacity of 1m3 to serve household water demand for 02 households. Irrigation structure: Construct small reservoir works and hydraulic system on Dak Tang and Dak Koi stream branches to make sure irrigation water for 66 ha of wet rice field. Supporting resettled people:

Support the resettled people to stabilize their life, living and production activities, including: Providing enough food for 02 years; funding cost of moving to the new living place; supporting encouragement of agricultural expansion: variety and sapling; supporting transformation of profession for people; support in policy and health; education; celebration of new houses; training basic officials, commending and rewarding the migrants on schedule. Cost of compensation for land clearance and resettlement:

Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

For aforesaid compensation and resettlement plans, these costs are VND 119.493.688.757 with following items: Table 33: Estimated costs of compensation, land clearance and infrastructural support for the Upper Kon Tum hydropower plant
No I 1 2 3 3.1 3.2 4 4.1 Content Compensation in reservour foundation area and ground plan Other structures (except compensation with house) Fram produce and perennial tree Removal of grave Earth grave existing under 3 years Earth grave existing above 3 years Compensation for different kinds of land Compensation for forest land - Rich forest - Average forest - Poor forest 4.2 4.3 II 1 1.1 1.2 1.3 2 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 3 Compensation for residential area Compensation for perennial cultivated land Investment in construction of resettlement area Construction of housing Grading Construction of housing (55m3/household in average) Subordinate average) Public works Nursery school, kindergarten (03 classes) Elemenary class (06 classes) Cultural place (Communal house) Subordinate work for above works Housing of teachers (03 rooms) Working building of teachers (03 rooms) Invest in the infrastructural works m2 m2 house m2 m2 m2 300 300 3 90 90 60 work (20m3/household in ha m2 m2 16 4.510 1.640 ha ha ha ha ha ha 284.41 85.323 113.764 85.323 4.100 29.550 household household grave grave grave 82 82 504 101 403 Unit Quantity Amount (VND) 11,466,923,030 2,460,000,000 2.460,000,000 655,758,030 170,324,380 485,433,650 5.891,165,000 4,692,765,000 1,791,783,000 2,047,752,000 853,230,000 16,400,000 1,182,000,000 81,097,915,000 7,603,719,700 320,000,000 6,081,599,700 1,202,120,000 2,544,195,000 751,290,000 751,290,000 600,000,000 65,970,000 225,387,000 150,258,000 68,070,000,000

Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

3.1

Invest in construction of traffic works - Resettlement area and main center line connecting track - Internal road of resettlement areas (ANT) - Road to production area km km km 10 6 6 30,000,000,000 12,000,000,000 9,000,000,000

3.2

Power supply - Power line construction 22 kV - Transformer station 22/0.4 with the capacity of 100 kVA - Power line 0.4 kv construction km station km household HT 12 3 12 82 2 3,600,000,000 660,000,000 2,400,000,000 410,000,000 10,000,000,000 2,880,000,000 ha ha 90 72 720,000,000 2,160,000,000 3,801,040,000 ton household household household household household household 136.44 82 82 82 20 82 82 818,640,000 246,000,000 410,000,000 1,640,000,000 20,000,000 410,000,000 24,600,000

3.3 3.4 4 4.1 4.2 III 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5

Household water supply Hydraulic system for irrigation Invest in reclaiming production land Construction of fields in the mountains Construction of fields Supporting resettlement Life support (rice) (379x15kgx24 months) Moving support Encouraging agricultural expansion support Professional transforming support Policy support Recommendation and reward for movement on schedule Land document adjustment Other supports Medical support Education support Power using support New house celebration support Basic official training support Direct cost Design survey cost Managing, operating performance Backup and organizing

household Pupil Mouth household People VND % % %

82 100 379 82 20

36,900,000 15,000,000 37,900,000 82,000,000 60,000,000 96,365,878,030

7 2 15

6,745,611,462 1,927,317,561 14,454,881,705

Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

TO TAL COSTS

VND

119,493,688,757

6.2.2. Period of storing water in reservoir and operating hydropower plant: For the Upper Kon Tum hydropower project (upon new adjusted plan) entering into period of storing water in reservoir and operating, promoting entire generating capacity as well as guaranteeing environmental quality in project area, lowlands and neighboring areas, simultanenously preventing, reducing risks may happen, undertake below measures: 6.2.2.1. Minimize impacts on surrounding environmental quality: v Measures to minimize noise: According to above evaluation, source of noise occurs from generator and turbine installed place. To reduce noise level from these equipments, below measures to minimize are performed: Frequent maintain machines, lubricate joints, moving parts of machines, equipments to reduce noise, guarantee working capacity of machines and workers' health, at the same time, prevent abrasion due to friction; operating control room is separated from machine hall. Increase weight of foundation and fluctuating noise reducer. Sensible arrangement of noisy machines, equipments in region shall reduce noise resonance. Workers working at the noisy places shall be equipped personal noise reducing device.

v Measures to minimize for household wastewater: According to estimation of sewage flow rate needs treatment is 4m2/day. This is treated with three-compartment digestion tank: 01 containing compartment and 02 depositing compartments. This tank has ability to treat all kinds of wastewater or dung and urine with two processes are deposition and slurry fermentation. After leaving digestion tank, wastewater would be exhausted to common sewer in region through pipeline. Digestion tank capacity is specified upon below formula: W = W n + Wc (m3 ) In which: + W n : Water volume of the tank (m3 ). + W c: Slurry volume of the tank (m3 ). Number W n is equal to 1-3 times of wastewater quantity in day and night. To guarantee sanitary conditions and reduce costs, we choose Wn = 2 4 = 8 m3 . Value W c is specified upon below formula: (m3 )

Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

In which: WC =

a.T (100 - w1 ) .N (100 - w2 ).1000

+ a: Average slurry quantity exhausted by 01 person per day is 0.6 liter/person/day/night + T: Interval between two times of slurry deposition is 180 days (06 months). + W 1 , W2 : Slurry humidity adding into tank and slurry humidity as fermented W 1 = 95%, W 2 = 90%. + b: Coefficient taking into account of volume reduction of slurry as fermented b = 0.7. + c: Coefficient taking into account of maintaing a part of fermented slurry as absorbing slurry c = 1.2. + N: Person quantity may serve 50 people. W c = 2.7 m3 . W = 2.7 + 8 = 10.8 m3 . Composition diagram of baffled septic tank (BAST):

Water piping

Drain pipe

Slurry deposition and fermentation compartment

Deposition compartment Filtration compartment

Filtration material layer

Figure 1: Baffled septic tank The baffled septic tank is more common using than tradditional septic tank, because it has better ability to treat. For instance, rather than treatment efficiency for
Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

COD is 77% and TSS is 86.2%. Therefore, after treatment with baffled septic tank, household water may exhaust into source of receiving. v Measures to minimize for household waste: Solid waste: During this period, almost is household waste occurs at the working area plant operating personnel, including nylon bags, redundant pieces of food and some others as plastic, paper, rubber, broken glasses etc. Waste is classified according to source of indecomposable and composable waste to collect and treat separately in accordance with the Decree No. 59/2007/N-CP dated 09th April 2007 of the Government on managing solid waste. At every working area of the plant shall arrange dust bins are collected and sanitary buried at the landfill at project area in every day. Area scale of sanitary landfill is 2.920 m2 /year and calculated within the next 16 years (until the year of 2030) would be 46.720 m2 ~ 4.7 ha. Harmful waste:

+ Guarantee that personnel and operating equipments, engines transport vehicles meeting all standards. + Service and maintenance are performed periodically and use waste grease collection devices to limit leakage at the plant area. + Collect, sort out and separate with other solid waste according to Circular No. 12/2011/TT-BTNMT (for sorted waste grease with code is A3020 o r Y8, for waste heat transmission oil and insulating oil containing sorted PCB with code is A3180 or Y 10). + Register owner of source of waste with the environmental managing agency.

+ Store at the private harmful waste storage in the plant and hire the harmful waste treatment company in accordance with the Circular No. 12/2011/TT-BTNMT dated 14th April 2011 of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment on managing harmful wastes. 6.2.2.2. Minimize impacts on reservoir water quality and lowlands: - To reduce organic pollution of reservoir water before storing water in reservoir, the Company would collect reservoir foundation conforming to process and meet standards before impounding the current. + Disarm bombs, mines, chemical poison and explosive materials. Clean up forest and flora at reservoir foundation before storing water: Use sawing machine to saw large logs of wood.

Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

Hire local people to clear reservoir foundation

+ Gather all large logs of wood according to regulation, may allow local people to gather small trees to use as combustible source. - Hire qualified company to monitor performance process, guanrantee efficiency of cleaning up. - Establish reservoir foundation management Subcommittee: Consult local people about organizing personal taking part into aquatic development and rearing within reservoir foundation, with a view to guarantee natural resources, protect the ecological environment. - Frequent dredge, clean up reservoir foundation, absorb mud next to waste outlet with waste fishing instrument and dreger. Frequent dredge waste outlets and bottom discharge valves. - Dredging device: Use specialized boat, net to fish floating waste from reservoir surface as rotten branches, dead bodies of creature etc. Dredging period is periodic performed on quarterly basis, especially after days of flooding.

- Household waste of personnel is absolute collected, it is strict prohibited to dispose or drop to the reservoir foundation. - Develop natural fish breeding, native creatures, combined agricultural - forestry aquatic product models with a view to absolute develop contents of organics in reservoir foundation for economic effects. - Land use in reservoir area for construction of project infrastructures causing consequence is more and more limited coverage of floristic composition. Therefore, should supply instructions of cultivating suitable kinds of tree, afforest and protect forest. In addition to, the local government should encourage people to diversify proper cultivated crop types, disseminate about limited use of chemical fertilizer to prevent eutrophisation on cultivated area nearby reservoir area. - Strengthen educating workers on serious compliance with regulations on replacing, disposal of lubricant, absolute prohibit workers to spill lubricant over surrounding area, especially rivers and streams. - Undertake periodic observation of water quality and monitor reservoir water quality happening to take proper measures to treat in case of any negative change. 6.2.2.3. Minimize impacts due to current change: - Set up zoning map according to degree of deposition, evaluate ability to deposit during every period for planning to manage operation sensibly and safely.

Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

- Serious comply with operation process of reservoir, maintain minimum flow volume of the reservoir section behind dam site 1A. Calculated rate of flow in flood season and dry season below: + Calculated rate of flow of peak of flood during flood season: Table 34: Design peak of flood of Upper Kon Tum dam site 1A Route Dam site 1A (adjusted plan) + Qmaxp% (m3 /s) 0.1% 0.5% 1% 3% 5% 10% 2.650 1.931 1.672 1.294 1.132 935

Calculated rate of flow during dry season: Table 35: Rate of peak of flood during months in dry season at dam site 1A Month I II III IV V VI VII I - VII Qmaxkp (m3 /s) 5% 49.6 24.1 38.9 42.1 98.7 247 140 271 10% 41.6 22.1 31.5 34.4 81 168 119 198 20% 33.5 19.8 24.3 26.7 62.4 100 94.4 136

- In dry season, base upon water quantity observational figures to every day during season to obtain sensible operation mode of the hydropower plant. - Cooperate with the local government in monitoring flow to undertake sensible settlement plan. 6.2.2.4. Surface erosion resistance on basin of reservoir, reservoir foundation sedimentation: Arrange clearances to install trash racks, waste handling equipments at the water intakes.

- Arrange sluicing outlets to reduce sedimentation capacity, increase useful capacity. Add sedimented sludge flushing gate at the bottom in design plan. Open waste outlet to exhaust sedimented sludge quantity in reservoir foundation, make sure 1/10 of which is exhausted. Water discharge regime through spillway and bottom discharge regime, if reasonably, in one hand, shall take intiative to reduce seawee quantity on surface level, on the other hand, reduce nutrient quantity on bottom level and deposited sludge quantity close to bottom level.
Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

- Protect and increase coverage scale of forest, develop forest and protect vegetable matter: Apply and implement regulations on restricting to deforest. Main goal of reservoir is to generate power. Main factor affects above goal is balancing reservoir water. Impact on these factors coming from natural changes in basin of reservoir and riverhead current, should also take into account of operation mode of spillway at dam sitep. To minimize at maximum erosion and speed of sedimentation of the earth,m has to develop, restore and develop watershed and protective forest in basin area. Survey reservoir side area on planting suitable kinds of tree (rapid developed native trees as pine tree, chestnut and oak tree etc that well functioned to protect, maintain), with a view to minimize collapse of reservoir bank (forest area needs afforestation is 284.41 ha, afforestation period would begun before storing water in reservoir and ended after commission of reservoir for 01 year). Underake afforestation according to following plan: At the area with slope larger than 250 shall use entire slope area to afforest, if it's smaller than 250 shall afforest inshore from 10m in width and over. For semi-flooded area, study cultivated methods and kinds of suitable crop plants. Increase forest coverage not only limiting erosion on entire basin surface but also effective in harmonizing source of water between dry season and rainy season, reduce difference between two season of reservoir, reduce landslide quantiy around reservoir. 6.2.2.5. Minimizing erosion, collapse of downstream: - For weir, discharge canal mouth behind the plant, should plant kind of grass has ability to resist erosion, washing, suffer severe climate conditions and may live in flooded area, semi-flooded are or dried area as Vectiver grass. - For dam lowlands on Dak SNghe River: In order to reduce risk of collapsing due to natural overflow water discharge, undertake construction of cushioning pools and stilling pools, jet deflectors, deflectors connecting to the river with a view to create smooth current limiting and minimzing erosive impact of reservoir foundation behind the dam. - For lowlands of hydropower plant: Dicharge canal is suitable design in length and slope to guarantee maximum flow rate behind discharge canal. Furthermore, arrange one scour hole, front slope 1:2.5 and rear slope 1:1.5. Scour hole shall reduce motional energy of flow rate, bottom baffle combining with natural baffle with river bed mullock helping to limit risk of bank erosion. Build up embankment in the slope shape on both side of discharge canal mouth behind the plant to Dak Lo stream to minimize erosive impact of river side. 6.2.2.6.Minimizing probability of losing water of reservoir: Probability of penetrating water from reservoir to downstream happens on both abutments (dam site 1A). This impact may be minmized by building method as cement drilling for antiseepage etc.
Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

6.2.2.7. Minimizing impact on ecological system: Apart from additional afforestation of preventive forest has an area of 284.41 ha as compensation for lost forest area in flooded area, planting trees and covering floristic compisition along river side against erosion and deposition of reservoir foundation as well as lowlands as above mentioned, below methods shall be performed to minimize impacts on ecological system, for instance: - Execute forest protection Law, reservation areas combining with Local forest management in close control to prevent uncontrolled hunting, chopping forest. Comply with legal regulations on minimizing impacts on ecological system: + Forest development and protection Law No. 29/2004/QH11 was adopted by the 11th National Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam at 6th session on 03rd December 2004 and valid since 01st April 2005. + Bio diversifiction Law No. 20/2008/QH12 was adopted by the 12th National Assembly on 13th November 2008 at the 4th Session. + Decree No. 23/2006/N-CP dated 03rd March 2006 of the Government on execution of Law on Protection and development of forest. + Decree No. 32/2006/N-CP dated 30th March 2006 of the Government on managing forest plants, rare forest animals are on the edge of extinction. + Decree No. 65/2010/N-CP dated 11th June 2011 of the Government on detai regulation and guiding execution of some clauses of Bio diversification Law. + Decision No.186/2006/Q-TTg dated 14th August 2006 of the Prime Minister on issuance of forest management Regulations. - Set up training and education program to enhance awareness of environmental protection, propaganda and strict management methods to prevent deforestation - Establish restricted areas, the area has no breach of forest by issuing regulations and setting up panels, posters are visible to everybody. - Well implement measures as cleaning up reservoir foundation and managing source of waste in reservoir foundation - Manage aquaculture process in reservoir foundation in aspects of rearing, catching methods to make sure it's suitable with source of water and hydrographic mode. - Control wastes dispersing into the environment, take measures to sensible manage wastes may be hamful to the land, water environment and terrestrial biological system as well as aquatic creaties. 6.2.2.8. Minimize impacts on economy - society:
Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

- Satisfactory compensate for land and assets on land of people living in reservoir area and on ground plan. Return people temporary used land area to reuse as soon as possible. - Put forward strict regulations and statutes to punish officials and workers in the plant due to causing disorder, gambling etc, educate them about healthy lifestile, harmonious with local people, respecting local culture, manners and customs and lifestyle. - Put forward regulations, statutes on going in or out of the plant, establish the power line and electric pole protection team with a view to prevent stealing plant properties. - Strengthen cleaning up the environment within the epidemic risks controlling arae (as mosquito, malaria etc) by improving medical system for caring health of the Plant personnel. The issues that priority must be given to care about health of local people and labor force of the project are: + + Eliminate all insects and mosquitos before 12 months. Reserve medicines and quinine

+ Spray mosquito killer in the house and breeding farms and houses, pools once every year, inspect using mosquito killer inside mosquito-net - Minimize freedom migrants from the infected areas, areas where power transmission line goes through, sensititve area in environment because of developing hydropower. - Planning areas upon development orientation of locality, avoid excessive using resources, and stay away from conflicts due to using water and land resources. - Guarantee safety methods as running reservoir, serious comply with present regulations on flood discharge, necessary to inform people timely to limit at maximum all human and property damages. 6.3. Minimizing environmental problems 6.3.1. Minimizing risk due to dam breaking: + Serious comply with dam design process in present calculationg standards, set up desgin scheme, base upon major specifications from the process of careful and correct surveying geology, topography and regional tectonic dynamic earth at the expected area for construction of dam site and plant area. Detect faults, earthquake phases, depression and sliding phase for proper design plan. + During operation, the first thing must be interested in is dam safety issue. Has to serious comply with operation regulations and frequent observe the dam, its movements and take measures to settle immediately any dam problem, with a view to minimize at maximum risk due to dam breaking problem
Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

+ Propagandize education, awareness of people in protection dam, serious settle case of deliberate destruction of work + Safety mange dam and reservoir:

+ For scientific and professional in managing and operating the work, should train specialized team in managing dam safety. + Strengthen close inspection in work managment, operation and service. Construct dam observation system, inspection of dam safety by experts and dam safety report should be made periodically in every year + Wide propagandize dam safety to the public, attach special importance to training and false alarm helping to increase reactivity effective every time any problem happens. + Make up daily monitoring document for every category: measure and inspect level, check flushing gate opening and closing devices etc for timely detecting any small change. These documents present technical specifications of initial design , repair and replacement processes, recording daily survey ressults with illustrations. + Establish rescue plans in case of emergency with a view to propose full solutions to prevent human and asset damages may be foreseen in case of dam breaking. + Establish storm and flood prevention Board during both processes of project implementation. In case of flood or receiving flood forecast, the Board must present at the work to undertake: Close monitoring hydrometeorological happenings (reservoir water level, discharge to reseervoir, rainfall on basin and information of rainstorm forecast). Calculate and propose flood regulation and discharge plans. Inspecting situation of equipments, materials, fuels, devices and human resources serve flood discharge through spillway. Mobilizing flood prevention force willing to perform all plans relating to flood prevention. + Comply with special reservoir operation process during flood season and in case of problem, specifically: In flood season: Inspect work before flood in accordance with present regulations, detect and settle timely damages, guarantee safety operation of work during flood season. According to hydrometeorological forecast during annual flood season, set up reservoir regulation and operation process, guarantee safety of work and store enough water for water using demand, report to the concerned Services and Industries. Set up flood and storm prevention plans for reservoir, submit to the competent authorities for approval.

Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

Overcome problem during operation of reservoir flooding or emptying water in area behind the dam. As head works of reservoir (main dam, flood discharge and inlet) there is a sign of dangerous problem to the work, shall report to the Department of Industry and Trade, Steering Committee for Flood Prevention, submit to the People's Committee of Kon Tum province decision on water drainage, lowering reservoir water level to safety level for head works of reservoir, works in downstram, at the same time, propose settlement plans and measures to implement. However, in anticipation of any problem, should organize well prevention, usually close monitor and follow happening of weather conditions, forecast, early warning in case of flood or storm, prepare materials and flood prevention equipments, backup equipments for rescue, checking before rainy and flood season to take measures repair, reinforce timely, contribute to minimize human and asset damages in case of flood and storm 6.3.2. Fire, explosion prevention and industrial safety: v Fire, explosion prevention: - Work out a plan to prevent fire, explosion; fire, explosion prevention safety regulations. Educate and train plant offcials and workers on fire, explosion prevention; establish a fire prevention team to be trained frequently and alwayls be on duty. - To prevent fire, explosion problems, should arrange full fire stations, construct reservoir water tanks, equip hand tool fire extinguisher. - Within operating room and the plant, need to construct fire alarm system and alarm information system. Frequent inspect fire prevention equipments and always be ready to use in accordance with fire prevention regulations. - Industrial safety regulations in repair must be implemented in accordance with safety regulations during operation. - Take measures to restrict the activities of people before spillway as: fishing, fishing wood out of river, swimming etc Equip full protection equipments for the operatprs.

v Electrical safety: Design, installation must comply with regulations on electrical safety, for instance: - During operation of the Project, specific regulations and guidance are necessary to guarantee requirements of electrical safety. - Frequent inspect electrical protecting equipment system of the whole plant, replace immediately if it is downgraded, does not meet standards.

Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

- Workers are having history of cardiovascular and mental diseases working on the height. v Lightning protection system: - It is necessary to install lightning protection system and lightning collection system for entire plant, comply with technical requirements to minimize lightning damages, guarantee safety of work in the long term Below lightning protection methods would be applied for protection of subjects:

+ The plant and operation manager are proper protected with Lightning conductor system on the roof + Use lightning conductor locating on abutments and building structures in transformer station, taking into account of pulling earth lines from the electrical transmission line into pillar inside station. In addition to, equip lightning arresters of the power transmission line to protect lightning wave from spreading into station from line. + For lightning protection system, light protector must be installed at the highest position of works, from headwork cluster to the hydropower plant. Light conductor should be more than 15m in height, ballistic earth resistance of lightning protection system must be smaller than 10 as electrical resistivity of land < 50.000/cm2 and larger than 10 as it is > 50.000/cm2 . v Safety in management and operation: - Set up prohibition notices at the dangerous reservoir areas, such as large depth, sliding alwayls happen, warn and strict prohibit people from coming to these areas to avoid occasional accidents due to contact with reservoir. - Plan reserved area for people to collect water for household activities in dry season as source of water is scarce. - Establish reservoir protection and investigation team to discover and overcome timely the problems. Because the Upper Kon Tum hydropower plant is located on upper rearches of Se San River basin, and to guarantee harmony with electrical development benefits among hydropower plants and irrigation for the basin, shall take initiative to propose and work with the Project Manager of remaining hydropower plants to put forward an unified general operation process for the system, establish the general monitoring and operating Service for operation process of the hydropower reservoir in system 7. CHANGE IN ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGING AND MONITORING PROGRAMS OF THE PROJECT 7.1. Change in environmental managing program
Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

7.1.1. Preparation and construction period: The environmental managing and monitoring program of the Upper Kon Tum Hydropower is under preparation and construction, shall be implemented upon cooperation between the Project Manager, contractors and local government. - The environmental managing division of the project managing Service: The project managing Service shall establish an environmental managing division. It is assigned to collect and settle environmental information from the contractors and regions during construction, monitor all enviromental changes, give the Company regular and unexpected reports. Environmental managing division of the Contractor:

The contractor must assign environmental officials to watch closely environmental problems, implementation situation of measures to minimize at the site during construction (with and without recording in diary) and submit to the project Managing Service the regular and unexpected written reports. Because professional requirements and use of specialized equipments to measure, analyze and test, the Company (project managing Board) shall hire the consultancy units to implement monitoring and unexpected activities (if any). - Monitor local environment: At least 01 representative of the local government (suffered district and communes) is assigned to manage, monitor environmental change , monitor implementation of measures to minimize, propose additional measures to minimize properly with local conditions, with a view to guarantee local environment. The written report must be sent to the Company on monthly basis. Environmental monitoring and managing at the site:

At the site, Company's representative is the managing Board and contractors are frequent communicate with each other, make up report on monitoring implementation of minimizing environmental impacts as well as environmental problems to cooperate in settlement timely. The local environmental management teams cooperate with each other to manage, monitor implementation of plan and measures to minimize, propose addition measures to minimize (if any) with a view to guarantee local environment and send report to the Department of Natural Resources and Environment of Kon Tum province. - Make up periodic report on environmental protection serve for management, in the frequency of once every 6 months. 7.1.2. Period of storing water in reservoir and operation of hydropower plant:

Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

The management Baord of the Upper Kon Tum hydropower plant shall establish its own environmental managment division. It is assigned to collect, settle environmental information during operation, monitor all changes of the environment, report to the State management agency in environment. And if possible, settle timely environmental problems. Afterwards, settled information shall be informed to the concerned organizations. Monitoring activity shall be contractual implemented by the consultancy agencies, environmental experts with the Company represented by the management Board of the Upper Kon Tum hydropower plant. 7.2. Change in environmental monitoring program 7.2.1. Preparation and construction period: 7.2.1.1. Monitoring air environment: Table 36: Air environment monitoring program during preparation and construction.
Monitoring air environment - Monitoring position: Previous plan 06 positions: 03 positions in headwork clusters (dam site 1), 03 positions in plant group in regions are major source of pollution: traffic, material mines and dumping ground. Adjusted plan 07 positions: - 02 samples at the dam site 1A construction site; - 02 samples at the hydropower plant construction site. - 01 sample at the worker's housing area next to 1A dam site construction site; - 01sample at the worker's housing area next to hydropower plant construction site; - 01 sample at the resettlement are - Sample quantity: - Measurement parameters: 06 samples (01 sample in every 07 samples (01 sample in every position) position) Total deposited dust, poison Suspended dust, CO, NO2, SO2 , exhaust gas: NOx, SOx , COx , micro-climate factors noise and vibration. (temperature, humidity and wind speed), noise and vibration. 04 times/year 04 times/year

- Frequency: - Comparative Standard/Code:

TCVN 5937-2005, TCVN 5949- QCVN 05:2009/BTNMT, 1998, TCVN 6962-2001 QCVN 26:2010/BTNMT, QCVN 27:2010/BTNMT.

7.2.1.2. Monotoring water environment:

Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

Table 37: Water environment monitoring program during preparation and construction
Water environment monotoring Surface water: - Monitoring position: Previous plan 02 positions: - 01 sample at reservoir foundation; - 01 sample at damiste 1 construction site; Adjusted plan 04 positions: - 01 sample at Dak SNghe River towards upstream of dam site 1A; - 01 sample at dam site 1A construction site; - 01 sample at reservoir foundation; - 01 sample behind discharge canal construction site of the plant; 04 samples (01 sample at each position) T emperature, pH, turbidity, conductivity, DO, TSS, BOD5 , COD, NH4 +, Pb, NO3 -, NO2 -, PO4 3-, Cl- , Fe, Cu, Cr3+, Cr 6+, mineral grease, Coliform and E.coli.

- Sample quantity: - Measurement parameters:

02 samples

- Frequency: - Comparative Standards/ Codes: Underground water: - Monitoring program:

T emperature, pH, suspended residue, turbidity, conductivity, total degree of mineralization, dissolved oxygen, BOD5 , COD, NH4 +, NO3 -, NO2 -, PO43-, Cl-, total iron quantity, total Coloform quantity, insecticide, and some heavy metals. 04 times/year 04 times/year TCVN 5942-1995. QCVN 08:2008/BTNMT. 02 positions: - 01sample at the worker's housing area next to dam site 1 construction site; - 01sample at the worker's housing area next to the hydropower plant construction site; 02 samples

- Sample quantity: - Measurement specifications:

- Frequency: - Comparative Standards/ Codes: Household wastewater: - Monitoring position:

Temperature, pH, suspended residue content, turbidity, conductivity, total degree of mineralization, dissolved oxygen, BOD5, COD, NH4 +, NO3 -, NO2 -, PO43-, Cl-, total iron quantity, total Coliform, insecticide and some heavy metas 04 times/year 04 times/year TCVN 5944 1995. QCVN 09:2008/BTNMT 02 positions: - 01 sample at the workers' housing area next to dam site 1 construction site; - 01 sample at the workers'

03 positions: - 01sample at the worker's housing area next to dam site 1A construction site; - 01sample at the worker's housing area next to the hydropower plant construction site; - 01 sample at the resettlement area 03 samples (01 sample at each position) pH, hardness, TS, COD, NH4 +, SO4 2-, Pb, NO3 -, NO2 -, Cl- , Fe, Cu, Mn, Cr6+, Coliform and E.coli.

02 positions: - 01 sample at the workers' housing area next to dam site 1A construction site; - 01 sample at the workers'

Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

Water environment monotoring

- Sample quantity: - Measurement parameters:

- Frequency: -Comparative standards/codes:

Previous plan Adjusted plan house next to hydropower plant house next to hydropower plant construction site; construction site; 02 samples (01 sample at each 02 samples position) Temperature, pH, suspended pH, TSS, BOD5 , NH4 +, PO43-, residue content, turbidity, NO3 -, animal and plant grease conductivity, total degree of Cl- , Coliform. mineralization, dissolved oxygen, BOD5 , COD, NH4 +, NO3 -, NO2 -, PO43-, Cl-, total iron quantity, total Coliform, insecticide and some heavy metas 04 times/year 04 times/year TCVN 6772- 2000 QCVN 14:2008/BTNMT

7.2.1.3.Monitoring ecological environment: - During construction of work, shall increase risk of encroaching upon animals and plants in neighboring area out of scope of plan and reservoir, it's necessary to monitor ecological environment. Ecological monotoring includes: + Monitor restoration of land area after used and plant some forest areas, monitor illegal operations: hunting, forest product exploitation, transportation and wild animal trading, collecting forest trees etc during construction period. These operations are implemented by cooperation between the building Contractors and Branch Department of Forest Management. + Monitor living aquatic creature environment at construction site, with a view to detect changes in species element and quantity. It is performed by the aquatic creature experts. Monitoring frequency: 06 months/once

7.2.1.4. Monitoring hydrometeorological environment: - During preparation and construction of project, shall undertake monitoring the hydrographic environment. Change in flow, intensity and frequency of flood, muddy sand flow and bank erosion. Environmental observation work is complied with according to process and code of the hydrometeorological industry is of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment. - Monitoring frequency: 03 months/ once (during construction and operation period) at the observational position installed areas. 7.2.1.5.Monitoring land erosion: - Monitoring position is where shall happen surface erosion during construction. At the headwork for construction of main dam and basin above reservoir. Monitoring frequency: 06 months/01 once

Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

7.2.1.6. Monitoring compensation, resettlement work: - Compensation, land clearance, emigration and resttlement works are complicated and very important. To organize well this work means reducing economic and social damages for people in flooded area and where receiving emigrants, in the most positive manner. - Organization structure: 01 compensation and resettlement Steering committee of Kon Tum province, Kon Plong district, the Department of Compensation and Resettlement of Vinh Son - Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company. 7.2.2. Period of storing water in reservoir and operation of hydropower plant: 7.2.2.1. Monitoring air environment: Table 38: Air environment monitoring program during storing water in reservoir and operation of hydrpower plant
Air environment monitoring - Monitoring position: Previous plan Adjusted plan 04 positions: - 01 sample at dam site 1A; - 01 sample at the hydropower plant; - 01 sample at the operating building area; - 01 sample at the resettlement area. - Sample quantity: There is no monitoring program 04 samples (01 sample at each position) Suspended dust, CO, NO2, SO2 , micro-climate factors (temperature, humidity, wind speed), noise and vibration. 04 times/year QCVN 05:2009/BTNMT, QCVN 26:2010/BTNMT, QCVN 27:2010/BTNMT.

- Measurenment specifications:

- Frequency: - Comparative Standard/Code:

7.2.2.2. Water environment monitoring: Table 39: Water environment monitoring program during storing water in reservoir and operation of hydropower plant.
Water environment monotiring Surface water:
Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

Previous plan

Adjusted plan

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

Water environment monotiring - Monitoring position:

Previous plan 02 positions: - 01 at the reservoir foundation; - 01 at downstream area;

Adjusted plan 04 positions: - 01sample at Dak SNghe River towards downstraem of dam site 1A; - 01 sample at dam site 1A; - 01 sample at resevoir foundation; - 01 sample at behind discharge canal of the plant;

- Sample quantity: - Measurement specifications:

05 sample/1 position Temperature, pH, suspended residue content, turbidity, conductivity, total degree of mineralization, dissolved oxygen, BOD5 , COD, NH4 +, NO3 -, NO2 -, PO43-, Cl-,total iron quantity, total Coliform, insecticide and some heavy metas twice/year TCVN 5942-1995.

04 samples (01 sample at each position) Temperature, pH, suspended residue content, turbidity, conductivity, DO, TSS, BOD5 , COD, NH4 +, Pb, NO3 -, NO2 -, PO4 3-, Cl- , Fe, Cu, Cr3+, Cr 6+, mineral grease Coliform and E.coli. 04 times/year QCVN 08:2008/BTNMT.

- Frequency: - Comparative Standards/Code: Underground water: - Monitoring position:

02 positions: - 01sample at the operating building; - 02 samples at the resettlement area

- Sample quantity: - Measurement specifications: There is no monitoring program

04 samples (01 sample at each position) pH, hardness, TS, COD, NH4 +, SO4 2-, Pb, NO3 -, NO2 -, Cl- , Fe, Cu, Mn, Cr6+, Coliform and E.coli. 4 times/year QCVN 09:2008/BTNMT

- Frequency: - Comparative Standards/Code Household wastewater: - Monitoring position: There is monitoring program

02 positions: - 01 sample at the resettlement area; - 01sample at the hydropower plant operating building; 02 samples(01 sample at each position)

- Sample quantity:

Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

Water environment monotiring - Measurement specifications:

Previous plan

Adjusted plan pH, TSS, BOD5 , NH4 +, PO43-, NO3 -, animal and plant grease Cl- , Coliform. 04 times/year QCVN 14:2008/BTNMT

- Frequency: - Comparative Standards/Code

7.2.2.3. Monitoring quality of ecological environment: Monitor ecological environment including below activities:

+ Monitor restoration of used land areas after completion of work, afforest preventive forest in reservoir side area and monitor illegal activities: hunting, forest product exploitation, wild animal transportation and trading, collecting forest trees etc. These monitoring activities are performed annually and performed by cooperation between the Employer and Branch Department of Forest Management. + Monitor aquatic creature environment in reservoir foundation and lowlands areas (behind the dam and plant) with a view to detect changes in species element and their development after reservoir is available. This is performed by aquatic creature experts. Monitoring frequency: 06 months/once for 10 years.

7.2.2.4. Monitoring economic and social environment: Cooperate with local appropriate agencies in collecting relevant documents about economic and social development as life, income etc within resettlement are and neighboring areas, present in annual periodic environmental protection report. 7.2.2.5. Monitoring hydrometeorological environment: Continue using some hydrometeorological stations are under operation. The observational categories including: change in flow, intensity and frequency of flood, muddy sand flow, water quality and bank erosion in lowlands. (Changed coordinate and position of monitoring positions shall be specific presented in attached monitoring maps in appendix 4). 8. OTHER CHANGES Due to changes in some major specifications of the Upper Kon Tum hydropower project, should consult the community in some suffered communes in Dak Koi commune, Kon Ray district, Dak Tang commune, Mang Canh commune and Ngoc Tem commune in Kon Plong district.

Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

Based upon relevant documents about project and Offcial dispatch of the Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company on opinions of the community about additional environmental impacts assessment report of the Upper Kon Tum project: Official dispatch No. 252/2011/CV-VSH-QLDA-KHT dated 06th April 2011 Official dispatch No. 253/2011/CV-VSH-QLDA-KHT dated 06th April 2011 Official dispatch No. 254/2011/CV-VSH-QLDA-KHT dated 06th April 2011 Official dispatch No. 255/2011/CV-VSH-QLDA-KHT dated 06th April 2011

People's Committees and Fatherland Front Committees of above communes issued reply documents, for instance: 8.1. Opinion of the commune level People's Committee 8.1.1. People's Committee of Dak Tang commune: - Agree with contents, forecasts of bad impacts may be caused by the project as above - Nevertheless, should add some relevant impacts during construction of work categories, during storing water in reservoir: + Forecast more enough impacts on ecosystems (deforestation, forest burning for wood and illegal wild animal hunting and trading activities). + Evaluate ability to happen land slide and other problems during rain storm season.

- Agree with measures to minimize bad impacts on environment of project area as proposed. - Implement compensation and resettlement plans in accordance with law regulations and work out a plan to remove people in project are to new resettlement area. In particular, cooperate with local government in protection of forest and forest resources. - During implementation of project, if any problem and risk happens, it's necessary to agree and satisfactory compensate for people. 8.1.2. People's Committee of Mang Canh commune: - Agree with contents, forecasts of bad impacts that project may cause as mentioned. - However, the project manager needs to add some environmental related impacts after project is commissoned as below: + + Impacts due to change in reservoir water quality to ecological system in region. More enough forecast problems may happen during rain storm season.

Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

Agree with measures to minimize bad impacts on environment in project area.

- Interest in undertaking solutions in reservoir water quality before putting into operation and undertake sensible compensation plan for resettlement so as to guarantee people's lives in flooded area. 8.1.3. People's Committee of Ngoc Tem commune: - Agree with contents, forecasts of bad impacts that project may cause as mentioned. - Agree with measures to minimize bad impacts on environment in project area proposed by the project manager. - Guarantee water quality after passing the plant to Dak Lo stream, and then running to Tra Khuc River basin, because this source of water would be used for agricultural irrigation activity of Quang Ngai people. Simultaneously, undertake measures to minimize land erosion and sliding in discharge canal plant area. 8.1.4. People's Committee of Dak Koi commune: - Agree with contents, forecasts of bad impacts that project may cause as mentioned. - However, the project manager needs to add some environmental related impacts after project is commissoned as below: - Absolute collect and clean up reservoir foundation before storing water in reservoir, with a view to guarantee quality of souce of water. Simultaneously, implement satisfactory compensation plans for flooded areas and cooperate with local government in protection of forest resources. 8.2. Opinion of Fatherland Front Committe 8.2.1. Fatherland Front Committee of Dak Tang commune: Agree with solutions, methods to minimize bad influences on environment within project area. At the same time, order the project manager to cooperate with the local government in management of officials, workers during project implementation, with a view to guarantee local social order security situation. 8.2.2. Fatherland Front Committee of Mang Canh commune: - Agree with assessment content of bad impacts of the project on environment with solutions and measures to minimize bad impacts on environment during project area. - Order the project manager to implement full measures to protect the environment, with a view to minimize to lowest level bad impacts of project, at the same time,
Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

undertake comprehensive managing reservoir and take measures to develop aquatic rearing industry in reservoir area helping to guarantee people's life. 8.2.3. Fatherland Front Committee of Ngoc Tem commune: - Agree with assessment of impacts and solutions, measures to minimize bad impacts on environment within project area. - Moreover, during hydropower operation process, the project manager has to comply with sensible operation process to avoid drought situation in Dak SNghe River basin area and flooding in plant lowlands in Dak Lo stream. 8.2.4. Fatherland Front Committee of Dak Loi commune: - Agree with assessment contents of bad impacts of the project on environment as proposed. - Agree with solutions, measures to minimize bad impacts on environment within project area. As the project is commissioned, it's necessary to implement seriously reservoir operation process with a view to guarantee source of water in Dak SNghe River basin for some hydropower plants are under operation. 9. CONCLUSIONS The "Upper Kon Tum Hydropower" Project is under investment in construction bringing many positive impacts to the locality in particular and Western Highlands in genera. The environmental impacts assessment report of the project has been adopted upon the Decision No. 1718/Q-BTNMT dated 29th August 2008 of the Miniistry of Natural Resources and Environment. During implementation of Project during last years, Vinh Son - Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company always implemented fully contents of environmental protection that mentioned in the Report, hence, environmental protection of the Company always achieved good results. Nevertheless, during implementation, the Company studied and adjusted some contents of project (MNDBT/MNC = 1.160/1.138 and mounting assembly 220MW), with a view to put forward an optimized plan is effective in economy, soceity, environment and proper with hydropower development planning on Se San River. For this reason, the Company set up the additional environmental impacts assessment Report for the project, according to law regulations. The additional environmental impacts assessment Report of the "Upper Kon Tum Hydropower" Project presented more contents of change against the previous environmental impacts assessment Report has been adopted. The Report assessed carefully changes in negative impacts on elements of environment to supplement measures to minimize, settle pollution with higher effect in environmental protection in Project area.

Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

To implement well measures to minimize for the environment, Vinh Son - Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company commits to keep maintaining and strengthening effective measures to control, minimize pollution are applying by the Company. Simultaneously, the Company shall implement more measures presented in the report are: - Undertaking environmental managing and monitoring programs. - Applying comparative standards and codes such as: QCVN 05:2009/BTNMT, QCVN 06:2009/BTNMT, QCVN 09:2008/BTNMT, QCVN 08:2008/BTNMT, QCVN 14:2008/BTNMT, QCVN 26: 2010/BTNMT, QCVN 27: 2010/BTNMTand TCVN 3985 1999. - Complying with general regulations on relevant environmental protection during construction and commission of the project, including: + Implement well measures to minimize and settle environmental pollution as project is started to implement until it's commissioned avoid impacts on surrounding areas of the project. Simultaneously, should comply with and apply present standards and codes. + Strong combine with the Commitee for Flood and Storm Control of the province and local government during flood discharge + Commit to guarantee flow rate passing the plant conforming to design (29.96 m3 /s) to make sure maintaining enviromental flow. + Guarantee safety working environmental for the operating workers. + Cooperate with the construction unit to implement well environmental sanitary and industrial safety methods, with a view to guarantee safety working environment for construction workers. + Close cooperate with the local government and environmental managing agency to implement well and fully the periodic environmental observation and monitoring programs. + If, during implementation, occurring environmental pollution, problem and risk affecting production and people's life around the region, the Company commits to compensate and overcome consequences of the project. + In every year, the Company shall make up detail report on environmental happening at project area and plans to overcome environmental problems, risk to the State agency for orientation, direction and commitment. Above is entire content of the additional environmental impacts assessment Report of the "Upper Kon Tum Hydropower" project, the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment is kindly suggested to consider, complete formalities of appraisal and approval of the additional environmental impacts assessment Report for the Project, create good conditions for convenient operation of the Project.

Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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Additional environmental impacts assessment Report of Upper Kon Tum Hydropower Project - Vinh Son Song Hinh Hydropower Joint Stock Company.

Consulting unit: Center for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis of Kon Tum province. Address: 266 Phan Dinh Phung,Kon Tum city, Kon Tum province Tel: (060) 3.913.967 Fax:(060) 3.913.966

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