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TIMP

FORMA

FORMARE

EXEMPLU

UTILIZARE -aciuni obinuite, care se ntmpl n mod regulat, dar nu neaprat n momentul vorbirii; -adevruri sau realiti general acceptate; -exprim opinii, preferine;

MENIUNI all the time, always, every day (week, month, year, etc), most of the time, often, usually, sometimes, rarely; -n aciuni viitoare, cnd este precedat de if, when, until as soon as, before, after. now, in this moment; - numai verbele dinamice au form continuu; - vb statice (de percepie,senzai eactivit. mental, relaie, posesie: believe, realise, think, suppose, understand,see know, hate, love understand,own mean,need, hear) ! - vb to like -fr form continuu - cu adverbe de frecven: always, sometimes, often, etc; - just, yet - la interogativ se folosete adverbul already pentru a sublinia uimirea;

Prezent Aff. S + vb + (s, es pers. I always go to school in time. Simplu Neg. III, sg) He doesn't work every day. Int. S + don't/doesn't + vb Do you like pizza? Do/Does + S + vb - In autumn, it rains very much. - She likes ice cream better than cakes. - If it rains, we will stay at home. -We will finish the work before he comes.
Prezent Aff. S + to be + vb-ING Continuu Neg. S + to be + not + vb-ING

Int.

To be + S + vb-ING

I am going to school now. He is not working now. Are you loving pizza? - He is writing a new book.

! Timpurile continuue sunt forme care apar in registrului oral, limbii vorbite i sunt rar folosite -More and more perople from n registrul scris! Mexic are learning English. -Are you doing anything interesting these days? -My sister is always wearing my clothes! -Your English is improving! - Why are you eating my ice cream? Prezent Aff. S + have/has +vb (ed, forma Perfect a III-a) Simplu Neg. S + haven't/hasn't + vb (ed sau forma a III-a) Int. Have/has + S + vb (ed sau forma a III-a)

-aciune care se afl n plin desfurare n momentul vorbirii; -aciune care este n desfurare n prezent, dar nu se ntmpl exact n momentul vorbirii -tendin sau aciune care a debutat recent. -aciuni dintr-un prezent mai lung, dar temporar. -aciuni de lung durat sau obiceiuri -pentru situaii care se schimb; -pentru a te plnge de o situaie temporar

People have poluted the planet. - aciune petrecut i ncheiat ntr-un I haven't done my homework moment din trecut ce nu yet. paote fi precizat; cu My parents have just arrived. rezultate ce se vd n prezent; - aciune care s-a ncheiat recent; - aciune trecut, parte a unui proces nencheiat nc; The boys have been playing football since noon. I haven't been gone for long. Have you been working until now? I played tennis last year. She didn't wash the dishes. Did you finish the homework? -fapte i realiti din trecut; aciuni repetate -aciune care s-a desfurat i s-a ncheiat ntr-un moment trecut determinat, precizat;

Prezent Aff. S + have/has + been + verbPerfect ING Continuu Neg. S + haven't/hasn't +been +

- aciune care a nceput - cu prepoziii n tecut i continu n temporale since, prezent; for, until

Int.

vb-ING Have/has + S + been + vbING

Trecutul Aff. S + vb-ED (vb. regulate) Simplu S + vb (forma a II-a pt vb neregulate) Neg. S + didn't + vb (inf. scurt) Int. Did + S + vb (inf. scurt)
Trecutul Aff. S + was/were +vb-ING Continuu Neg.

- cu adverbe de timp: in the morning, the day before yesterday, last night (month, etc); -cu while -this time yesterday,

Int.

While my brother was listening -aciune n desfurare the radio, I was reading a book; ntr-un moment din S + wasn't/waren't + vb-ING When the teacher explained, he trecut;

Was/were + S + vb-ING

wasn't paying attention. Were you sleeping at this time, yesterday? - They were playing, talking and laughing during the class. I had come home before my mother arrived from office. She hadn't finished her work before midnight. Had you gone to the airport? I had been writing a letter for 20 minutes. She hadn't been gone more than half an hour. Had you been learning all night? I shall visit Paris next week. She will not (won't) go to her cousin next Friday. Will you come tomorrow?

-aciune care se -Monday at this desfoar concomitent hour, etc cu o alt aciune; -pt a descrie o scen din trecut. - aciune care s-a petrecut nantea unei alte aciuni din trecut. - before

Trecutul Aff. S + had + vb (ed, forma a Perfect III-a) Simplu Neg. S + hadn't + vb (ed, forma a III-a) Int. Had + S + vb (ed, a III-a form)
Trecutul Aff. S + had + been + vb-ING Perfect Continuu Neg. S + hadn't + been + vb-ING

Int.

Had + S + been + vb-ING

- aciune care s-a - since, for. desfurat continuu pe o - all day (night, perioad de timp i s-a year, etc) ncheiat naintea unui alt timp. -aciuni care vor avea loc ntr-un moment din viitor; predicii, promisiuni, invitaii, oferte, cereri -interogaii despre viitor, planuri ale aciunilor viitoare. tomorrow, the day after tomorrow, next year, etc

Viitorul Aff. S + shall/will + vb(inf. scurt) Simplu Neg. S + shall not/ won't + vb(inf.scurt) Int. Shall/will + S + vb(inf.scurt) TO BE GOING TO...(pt planuri, inten ii)
Viitorul Aff. Continuu

S + shall/will + be + vb-ING I shall be flying at this hour -aciune viitoare n plin tomorrow. desfurare ntr-un Neg. S + shall not/will not + be + He will not be living here next moment din viitor; vb-ING year. Int. Shall/will + S + be + vb-ING Will they be reading books this time in the week-end? I shall have finished the exam by this time next Wednesday. He will not have gone to work by the time you arrive home. Will you have gained the money by February? -I think I will have finished my homework by 7 o'clock. I shall already have been turning old when you will be 20. -pt. a sublinia o aciune care care va fi terminat ntr-un moment al viitorului; -by - dup think, hope, expect, pt. a exprima ntmplri din viitor care nu sunt prea sigure

Viitorul Aff. S + shall/will + have + vb Perfect (ed. forma a III-a) Simplu Neg. S + shall not/will not + have

Int.

+ vb (ed, forma a III-a) Shall/will + S + have + vb (ed, forma a III-a)

Viitorul Aff. S + shall/will + have + been Perfect + vb-ING Continuu Neg. S + shall not/will not + have

Int.

!! n engleza modern - already forma shall este f. pu in utilizat! + been + vb-ING ! Cea mai des folosit Shall/will + S + have + been Will you have been starting the n engleza vorbit i + vb-ING course when I will finish my scris este forma classes? prescurtat 'll !