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LIMBA STRIN I

MANUAL UNIVERSITAR pentru nvmntul la distan

PETROANI 2010

GABRIELA DUMBRAV

LIMBA ENGLEZ

CUPRINS Pagina CUVNT NAINTE TEMA I. HIS FAVOURITE COUSIN TEMA II. CONFIDENCE MAN TEMA III.FACES IN FOCUS TEMA IV.GETTING AHEAD PROGRESS TEST I TEMA V.MYRTLE MEETS A MOVIE STAR TEMA VI.FAULKS INN TEMA VII. THE BANK JOB TEMA VIII. THE REUNION PROGRESS TEST II MINIMAL LIST OF IRREGULAR VERBS BIBLIOGRAPHY 5 6 9 14 19 23 25 30 35 39 43 45 46

CUVNT NAINTE Prezentul manual se adreseaz studenilor de la Facultatea de tiine, forma de nvmnt la distan (I.D), i are n vedere nzestrarea viitorilor specialiti cu un bagaj de cunotine temeinice de limba englez, n vederea formrii aptitudinilor i deprinderilor de a comunica oral i scris, n situaii reale de via i n domeniul de specialitate. n acest sens, manualul asigur: asimilarea vocabularului i a cunotinelor de gramatic necesare pentru a putea realiza o descriere, a da o explicaie, a susine cu argumente o prere proprie sau a relata cu propriile cuvinte o ntmplare sau un text citit; nsuirea formulelor de conversaie consacrate i utilizarea adecvat a acestora n funcie de context. asigurarea bagajului de cunotine necesar pentru a se putea documenta, consultnd texte de specialitate n limba englez. Fiind un curs practic de tipul integrated skills, manualul acoper urmtoarele arii de competen: Competen n comunicarea oral i scris; Competen n nelegerea textului scris. Capacitatea de a purta o conversaie corect i fluent pe o tem dat sau pe teme uzuale; Asimilarea vocabularului i a cunotinelor de gramatic necesare pentru a putea realiza o descriere, a da o explicaie, a susine cu argumente o prere proprie i a nelege mesaje orale; Capacitatea de a interpreta i sintetiza un mesaj scris; Capacitatea de a nelege, interpreta i sintetiza documentaia de specialitate n limba englez; Competena de a elabora documentaie de specialitate n limba englez Competene legate de lrgirea orizontului lingvistic: dezvoltarea interesului fa de alte civilizaii, deschidere spre comunicarea n limba strin, interesul pentru lectur sau consultarea bibliografiei n limba strin.

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Tema nr.1 HIS FAVOURITE COUSIN Uniti de nvare : Lectura textului i selectarea problemelor de vocabular aferente acestuia; Verificarea comprehensiunii textului citi prin ntrebri; Introducerea cunotinelor de gramatic aferente texului; Fixarea i consolidarea cunotinelor prin exerciii de tipul fill in the blanks/rephrase; Conversaie i dezbatere pe tematica propus de textul citit. Obiectivele temei: nelegerea unui text scris i asimilarea elementelor de vocabular aferente acestuia (elemente sau structuri lexicale necunoscute, pronumele i adjectivul whatever, conjunciile whenever i wherever); nelegerea conceptului de Habit in the Past i asimilarea structurilor gramaticale care l exprim; formarea deprinderilor de utilizare a structurilor gramaticale i lexicale asimilate ntr un context dat, prin exerciii specifice; dezvoltarea capacitii de utilizare a structurilor gramaticale i lexicale n producerea unor enunuri coerente, prin conversaie i dezbatere. Timpul alocat temei : 1 or Bibliografie recomandat : 1. Baudoin, E. Margaret, Readers Choice, The University of Michigan Press,1988; 2. Dumbrav, Gabriela, An Integrated Skills Course for First Year Students, Editura Universitas, 2001; 3. Fassman, Paula, Suzanne Seymour Tavares, Gallery, Oxford University Press, 1998; 4. Gleanu, Georgiana, Sinteze de gramatic englez, EDP, Bucureti, 1982 5. Hulban, Horia, et al, Competen i performan: Exerciii i teste de limba englez, Editura tiinific i Enciclopedic, Bucureti,1993; 6. Proca, Rada, Gramatica practic a limbii engleze, Polirom,1999; 7. Vince, Michael, First Certificate Language Practice, Macmillan Heinemann, 2004. His Favourite Cousin Horace was very proud of his cousin, Mike Aspen, Hollywoods brightest young star. Whenever his cousin appeared on the screen, Horace would say, Isnt he wonderful? Hes my cousin, you know. What was worse, Horace was always cutting pictures of his cousin out of movie magazines and putting them on the kitchen wall. His wife would say, We used to have a nice clean wall. Now all I can see is Mike, Mike, Mike! Then she would walk angrily out of the kitchen and slam the door behind her. When Mikes face used to appear on posters or billboards, Horace would proudly brag about his cousins successful career. He used to go to Midville High School, you know. We would always play in the schoolyard together, and we were always getting into trouble together. I remember how he was always stealing apples from the corner grocery store. He used to be like a brother to me. We were always missing classes together. What a great guy, a truly great guy. He was my favorite cousin. One day, though, everyone woke up to find the daily newspapers covered with the headlines, MIKE ASPEN INVOLVED IN GANGLAND KILLING. Reporters went to Horaces house to interview him. Did you and Mike Aspen really use to be like brothers? Is it true you were both getting in trouble all the time? What kind of trouble? Did you really play in the school yard together? 6

Mike Aspen . . . Mike Aspen . . . . , he said in a puzzled voice. Oh, yes! The actor. Horace shook his head, No relation to me. Never met the guy. GRAMMAR

HABIT IN THE PAST (Exprimarea unei aciuni obinuite n trecut) O aciune care a avut loc n mod obinuit n trecut se red n limba englez prin una dintre urmtoarele trei construcii gramaticale: 1. Used to Used + infinitivul lung al verbului se folosete n urmtoarele situaii: a. Pentru a reda o aciune cu caracter de rutin n trecut: Exemplu: When I worked on the farm I used to get up at five in the morning, and I used to eat an enormous breakfast before going out to work. b. Un obicei din trecut care nu mai exist n prezent: Exemplu: I used to smoke a lot, but I dont any more. I used to visit my parents every weekend, but now I see them very rarely. c. O stare de fapt valabil numai pentru un interval de timp din trecut: Exemplu: He used to have a beard, but he shaved it off. She used to be a good tennis player when she was young. 2. Would (do) Would + infinitivul scurt al verbului: Exemplu: When I worked on the farm, I would get up at five oclock. 3. Was / Were always (. . . ing) Trecutul continuu nsoit de adverbul de timp always: Exemplu: He was always following me around when we were kids. Grammar Practice I. Make sentences from each of the following. Choose used to, would always, or was always. 1. Heather 2. Carla 3. Mark and Carl 4. They 5. He 6. She 7. They 8. She 9. They 10. She other peoples papers during the exams. tricks on her friends when she was a child. bad jokes at parties. mistakes when they were in college. me flowers when we were first married. lies when she was a child. into trouble when they were kids. Beatles records when she lived in New York. backaches when they had that hard bed. the wrong bus when she was in New York.

II. Complete the following with used to and the negative-interrogative. Example: you on Queen Street ? Didnt you use to live on Queen Street ?

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

she your brother she your sister your parents that man they you

school in Boston ? at the British Institute ? your best friend ? in an apartment in Chicago ? their vacations in Florida ? football for the Toronto Tigers ? a big house in the country ? a red sports car ?

VOCABULARY

WHATEVER, WHEREVER, WHENEVER (orice, oriunde, oricnd) Exercise Change the following sentences using whatever, wherever, whenever. Example: Doris went somewhere; her friend went too. Wherever Doris went, her friend went too. 1. I started to say something; he always interrupted me. __________________________________________ 2. Billy did something; his little brother always did the same. __________________________________________ 3. She went somewhere; she always took her dog. __________________________________________ 4. He came to visit us; he always talked about his problems. __________________________________________ 5. He went somewhere; he always took his family. _________________________________________ 6. Jane said something; her little boy always said the same thing. ___________________________________________________ 7. I watched TV; I always had a headache. ________________________________________ 8. David went jogging; his dog always followed him. _______________________________________ 9. I asked him something; he always refused me. ________________________________________ 10. He came to visit me; he always brought me flowers. _______________________________________ REZUMATUL TEMEI Answer the following questions according to your understanding of the text: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Who was Mike Aspen? Why was Horace proud of him? What was Horace always doing? Why was Horaces wife angry? What school did Horace and his cousin go to? What were they always doing together? What happened one day? What did Horace tell the reporters? Did he tell the truth? What do you think about Horaces attitude?

Remember a time when you were abandoned by someone you trusted. Describe your feelings and your attitude towards that person. 8

Tema nr.2 CONFIDENCE MAN Uniti de nvare : Lectura textului i selectarea problemelor de vocabular aferente acestuia; Verificarea comprehensiunii textului citi prin ntrebri; Introducerea cunotinelor de gramatic aferente texului; Fixarea i consolidarea cunotinelor prin exerciii de tipul fill in the blanks/rephrase; Conversaie i dezbatere pe tematica propus de textul citit. Obiectivele temei: nelegerea unui text scris i asimilarea elementelor de vocabular aferente acestuia (elemene i structuri lexicale noi, formularea ntrebrilor i rspunsurilor referitoare la aspectul exterio al unui obiect - what does it look like?); nelegerea conceptului de Present Perfect Simple i asimilarea structurilor gramaticale care l exprim (utilizare, diferene conceptuale fa de limba romn, formare); formarea deprinderilor de utilizare a structurilor gramaticale i lexicale asimilate ntr un context dat, prin exerciii specifice; dezvoltarea capacitii de utilizare a structurilor gramaticale i lexicale n producerea unor enunuri coerente, prin conversaie i dezbatere. Timpul alocat temei : 1 or Bibliografie recomandat : 1. Baudoin, E. Margaret, Readers Choice, The University of Michigan Press,1988; 2. Dumbrav, Gabriela, An Integrated Skills Course for First Year Students, Editura Universitas, 2001; 3. Fassman, Paula, Suzanne Seymour Tavares, Gallery, Oxford University Press, 1998; 4. Gleanu, Georgiana, Sinteze de gramatic englez, EDP, Bucureti, 1982 5. Hulban, Horia, et al, Competen i performan: Exerciii i teste de limba englez, Editura tiinific i Enciclopedic, Bucureti,1993; 6. Proca, Rada, Gramatica practic a limbii engleze, Polirom,1999; 7. Vince, Michael, First Certificate Language Practice, Macmillan Heinemann,2004. Confidence Man Ive never been so humiliated in my life! shouted Dorothy angrily. Why didnt you stand up to that jerk? Tell me , she continued, have you ever lost your temper or been in a fight? Ill bet youve never hit anybody in your whole life! How would you like to be the first? Clyde said to himself, knowing that Dorothy couldnt hear him. She was walking rapidly away in the direction of the parking lot. The next day at work, Clyde couldnt help thinking about the incident. They had been relaxing on the beach when Dorothy decided she was hungry. At the refreshment stand, a big muscular man had pushed in front of them and stepped on Dorothys foot. Clyde had made a weak protest, but the man had only laughed in his face. His thoughts were suddenly interrupted when the manager shouted, Clyde! Have you waited on that customer yet? Ive got a business to run here, so wake up, will you? And what about the inventory list? Have you taken it to Mr. Watson yet? Not even waiting for a reply, the manager hurried back to his office. Im tired of this! Clyde whispered, knowing his boss couldnt hear him. 9

That evening Clyde was reading the newspaper when he saw an advertisement: DO YOU LACK SELF-CONFIDENCE? HAVE YOU EVER FELT UNPOPULAR AND LEFT OUT OF A GROUP? IF YOU HAVENT ENROLLED YET ENROLL NOW IN DOCTOR IVOS CONFIDENCE COURSE. AFTER A FEW EASY LESSONS YOULL BE A DIFFERENT PERSON. Thats just what I need, Clyde thought. Ill enroll tomorrow. After finishing the course, Clyde really did feel like a new person. When Dorothy finally called him, he decided to show off his new personality. Clyde! I havent heard from you in ages! Why dont we go and see the new movie at the Roxy ? Ive already seen it, Clyde said confidently. I took Linda to see it last night, as a matter of fact. Dorothy was shocked. Youve already seen it, have you? she said furiously. Yes, I have, said Clyde calmly. If I have time I might give you a call next week, but I havent made up my mind yet, he said, hanging up the phone. The next day at work his boss started shouting at him as usual, but this time Clyde answered, Listen, Mr. Bumstern, Ive already written that report and given it to Mr. Watson. In fact, its only eleven oclock, and Ive already sold two hundred dollars worth of merchandise, so why dont you shout at somebody else for a change? Two months later, Clyde was sitting in the company lunchroom with his friends, telling jokes and flirting with all the girls. Mr. Bumstern told us that youve already broken last years sales record, said Frank, a fellow worker, and this fiscal year hasnt even ended yet! Have you ever thought of selling your secret of success to the rest of us? asked Miriam, the cashier. Clyde smiled and told his story is feelings of rejection, and the confidence he gained with Doctor Ivo. Ivo, Ivo, repeated Miriam; Ive never heard of him. I have, said Frank. Havent you seen the article about him in the newspaper yet, Clyde? He pulled out The Daily Mail and pointed to the article: CON MAN WALLACE IVO CONVINCTED OF FRAUD. Clyde read the article with a sick feeling in his stomach. Forget that dumb article and tell us a joke, said Miriam. Everyone smiled and waited eagerly for Clyde to tell them one of his funny stories. I cant . . . uh . . . I mean . . . Ive never . . . I cant remember . . . I mean Ive never been able to tell good jokes. He got up and left the table. Not long afterwards, Clyde lost his job. He hadnt made a single sale in three months. youre a funny guy, said Mr. Bumstern when he fired him. Ive never met anyone like you. What you need is a confidence course. Have you ever thought of taking one? No, sir, I never have. Clyde smiled sadly, picked up his briefcase, and walked out into the rain. GRAMMAR

THE PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE (I) Mod de formare. Acest timp verbal se formeaz cu ajutorul auxiliarului have/has la care se adaug participiul trecut al verbului. Exemplu: I have worked a lot today. He has read many books in English. Interogativul se formeaz prin inversiune: Have you worked a lot? Has he read many books? Negativul se exprimn cu ajutorul formei de negativ a auxiliarului: I havent worked a lot today. He hasnt read many English books.

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Utilizare EVER, NEVER, ALREADY, YET Aceste adverbe de timp se folosesc mpreun cu Present Perfect Simple pentru a indica o aciune al crei moment de desfurare nu este precizat. I. Ever / Never A. Ever (vreodat) se folosete la interogativ i se aeaz naintea participiului trecut al verbului: Exemplu: Have you ever seen an elephant? Has Joan ever eaten Italian food? B. Never (niciodat) se folosete la negativ, fiind aezat tot dup participiul trecut. Exemplu: Ive never seen such a beautiful apartment. Hes never driven a car. II. Already (deja) se folosete la afirmativ. Exemplu: Ive already called the police. Theyve already chosen the winner. Hes already made three mistakes. III. Yet se folosete n urmtoarele contexte: A. la interogativ, cnd este aezat la sfritul propoziiei i sensul lui este deja. Exemplu: Has he bought a new car yet ? Have you packed your bags yet ? B. la negativ, situaie n care va aprea tot la sfritul propoziiei, dar sensul lui va fi nc. Exemplu: We havent made any definite plans yet. The train hasnt left yet. Grammar Practice I. Complete the following using ever and an appropriate verb. Example: she Has she ever had the measles ? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. you John they I you he Mary they we you the measles ? in a jet plane ? a love poem ? a play by G. B. Shaw ? a lie ? such a beautiful girl ? Chinese food ? in jail ? to the President before ? Beethovens Fifth Symphony ? a cold in the summer ?

II. Ask a question with When . . and answer it using already. Pay close attention to the following example: Example: your sister / her exam When will your sister take her exam ? Shes already taken it. 1. you / call the police _______________________? ___________________

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2. they / choose a new car _______________________? 3. Peter / begin his French course _________________________? 4. she / read that book __________________________? 5. you / speak to Martha __________________________? 6. he / have his operation __________________________? 7. Laura / feed the baby __________________________? 8. Tom / pay his bills __________________________? 9. Janet / do the dishes __________________________? 10. Peter and Liz / give a party __________________________?

___________________ ___________________ ____________________ _____________________ ____________________ ____________________ _____________________ ____________________ _____________________

III. Complete the following sentences with the negative and yet. Use the words in parentheses. Example: I would like to read this letter, but I . . . (find my glasses) I would like to read this letter, but I havent found my glasses yet. 1. I bought a new tie other day, but I (wear it) ______________________________________________ 2. Ive been on a diet for two weeks, but I (lose any weight) ______________________________________________ 3. I took fifty dollars out of the bank last week but I (spend it) _____________________________________________ 4. I bought a new book the other day, but I (read it) _____________________________________________ 5. Hes been a bus driver for twenty years but (have an accident) ____________________________________________ 6. He promised her a diamond ring last month but he (give her one) ___________________________________________ 7. Mr. Weeks bought a new car last week, but (drive it) ____________________________________________ 8. The baby has been in bed for an hour, but he (fall asleep) _____________________________________________ 9. My sisters birthday is tomorrow, but I (buy her a present) _____________________________________________ 10. He gave me a box of chocolates, but I (eat them all) ____________________________________________ IV. Complete the following sentences using a verb in the Present Perfect Simple + never. Follow the example. Example: We such a delicious salad. We have never eaten such a delicious salad. 1. They 2. You 3. Margaret 4. Jack 5. They such beautiful music. such a terrible lie before. to such a luxurious restaurant. such a bad movie. such a long letter before. 12

6. We 7. Mary and Wayne 8. She 9. He 10. You VOCABULARY

such a bad book. such a long trip before in such a fast train before. to such a big city before. on such a soft bed before.

WHAT DOES HE/ SHE LOOK LIKE? este ntrebarea pe care o adresm unui interlocutor atunci cnd vrem s obinem o descriere fizic a cuiva. Echivalentul romnesc este CUM ARAT? Exemplu: What does he look like? He is tall and thin: WHAT IS HE/SHE LIKE? Este o ntrebare prin care solicitm informaii referitoare la personalitatea cuiva (CUM ESTE....?) Exemplu: What is she like? She is kind and calm. REZUMATUL TEMEI Answer the following questions according to you understanding of the text: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Why was Dorothy angry? Where were they when she got hungry? What happened at the refreshment stand? What did the big man do? How did Clyde protest? What did he read in the newspaper? How did he feel after finishing the confidence course? What did he read in The Daily Mail? How did he feel after reading the article? What happened afterwards?

Use the following characteristics to answer the questions what does he/ she look like? or what is he/ she like? - handsome, intelligent, ambitious, fat, hard working, careless, untidy, dark haired, blue eyed, athletic, cheerful, optimistic, insensitive.

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Tema nr. 3 FACES IN FOCUS Uniti de nvare : Lectura textului i selectarea problemelor de vocabular aferente acestuia; Verificarea comprehensiunii textului citi prin ntrebri; Introducerea cunotinelor de gramatic aferente texului; Fixarea i consolidarea cunotinelor prin exerciii de tipul fill in the blanks/rephrase; Conversaie i dezbatere pe tematica propus de textul citit. Obiectivele temei: nelegerea unui text scris i asimilarea elementelor de vocabular aferente acestuia (elemene i structuri lexicale noi, folosirea conjunciei whether sinonim cu if i a expresiei whether..or); nelegerea conceptului de Present Perfect Simple i asimilarea structurilor gramaticale care l exprim (utilizare, diferene conceptuale fa de limba romn, formare); formarea deprinderilor de utilizare a structurilor gramaticale i lexicale asimilate ntr un context dat, prin exerciii specifice; dezvoltarea capacitii de utilizare a structurilor gramaticale i lexicale n producerea unor enunuri coerente, prin conversaie i dezbatere. Timpul alocat temei : 1 or Bibliografie recomandat : 1. Baudoin, E. Margaret, Readers Choice, The University of Michigan Press,1988; 2. Dumbrav, Gabriela, An Integrated Skills Course for First Year Students, Editura Universitas, 2001; 3. Fassman, Paula, Suzanne Seymour Tavares, Gallery, Oxford University Press, 1998; 4. Gleanu, Georgiana, Sinteze de gramatic englez, EDP, Bucureti, 1982 5. Hulban, Horia, et al, Competen i performan: Exerciii i teste de limba englez, Editura tiinific i Enciclopedic, Bucureti,1993; 6. Proca, Rada, Gramatica practic a limbii engleze, Polirom,1999; 7. Vince, Michael, First Certificate Language Practice, Macmillan Heinemann,2004. Faces in Focus DAVID SNOW : Good evening, ladies and gentlemen. Tonight on Faces in Focus my lovely co-host, Wendy Storm, and I would like to welcome five fantastic record breakers! WENDY: Yes, these fine people are all trying to break very different kinds of records. Lets talk to our first guest. Mr. Fred Appleby well known to tennis fans everywhere. DAVID: Fred, youve been a tennis champ for a long time, but this year has been a special one for you, hasnt it? FRED: Yes, David. Ive played in forty tournaments so far this year, and Ive won all of them. WENDY: Youve also broken the money making record, havent you? FRED: Yes, Wendy, Ive won three million dollars this year. DAVID: And how much did you win last year, Fred? FRED: Well, last year I won only a million dollars. Quite a big improvement, wouldnt you say? 14

WENDY: Yes but you know youre not the only one with a lot of endurance, Fred. Jack Lawson here has had a tough year too. I understand youre trying to break the worlds record for long distance walking, Jack? JACK: Thats right, Wendy. DAVID: How many miles have you walked so far this year? JACK: Well, Ive walked about 2,000 miles so far, and there are still three months to go before the end of the year. DAVID: How many different places have you been to during the course of your walks, Jack? JACK: Ive been to seven different European countries, and Ive walked across fifteen states in the U.S. But its been really hard! WENDY: What do you mean, Jack? JACK: So far this year Ive been to the hospital seven times with foot trouble. Ive been attacked by thieves, chased by dogs, insulted by the press, and . . . well, Ive lost about twenty-pounds, too. DAVID: Well, heres a man who probably hasnt lost any weight, right Ray? Its Ray Campbell, pancake champ! RAY: Thats right, David. Excuse me for talking with my mouth full, but I cant afford to lose any time. DAVID: Ray is trying to break the twenty-four-hour pancake-eating record. How many pancakes have you eaten so far today? RAY: About 400. I tried to break the record last year, too but I only managed to eat 350. WENDY: How much weight do you think youve gained in the last few hours? RAY: Well, Ive eaten 400 pancakes, ten pounds of butter, and two gallons of syrup. So, Ive probably gained about twenty-five pounds today. Excuse me while I take another bite. WENDY: Thats quite all right, Ray. And now, Florence Castro. What record are you trying to break, Florence? FLORENCE: Im hoping to break the uninterrupted gum-chewing record. Ive been chewing gum without stopping for eight months. DAVID: Even in your sleep? FLORENCE: Yes, David, I even chew in my sleep. It becomes a reflex action after a while. I figure Ive chewed about 550 packs of gum this year. Ive spent hundreds of dollars on gum, and also on vitamins to supplement my diet. WENDY: How many times have you been to the dentist this year, Florence? FLORENCE: I havent been to the dentist at all this year. Id be afraid to see the bill. DAVID: Amazing! And now for our last guest, Ted Doolittle. Ted is trying to break the most unusual record of all, a truly fantastic attempt that requires courage and stamina. Its just amazing! WENDY: It certainly is! Many have tried before and failed. Tell us about your record, Ted. TED: Well, despite inflation and the high cost of living, Ive gone ten years without giving my employees a raise. GRAMMAR

THE PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE (II) Present Perfect se mai folosete i mpreun cu adverbele de timp today, this week, this month, this year pentru a reda o aciune care se ncadreaz ntr- o perioad de timp nencheiat. Exemple: Ive eaten only one meal today. She hasnt spent much money this week. Have they been to the casino this month?

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Grammar Practice I. Complete the following question beginning with How much or How many. Answer the questions using the information in parentheses. Example: money / save / this year ($ 500.00) How much money have you saved this year ? Ive saved $ 500.00 lies / tell / today ? (0) How many lies have you told today ? I havent told any lies. 1. milk / have today ? _________________________ 2. books / read this month ? _________________________ 3. cigarettes / smoke today ? _________________________ 4. classes / miss this week ? _________________________ 5. letters / write this week ? ________________________ 6. money / earn this year ? ________________________ 7. pills / take today ? _________________________ 8. miles / walk this week ? _________________________ 9. fruit / eat today ? _________________________ 10. weight / lose this month ? _________________________ (4 glasses) ___________________ (2) ___________________ (0) ___________________ (1) ___________________ (3) ___________________ (a lot) ___________________ (0) ___________________ (6) ___________________ (2 bananas) ___________________ (0) ___________________

II. Complete the following questions using How many times + be. Answer the questions in the negative + at all. Example: you / to the movies this week ? How many times have you been to the movies this week ? I havent been to the movies at all this week. 1. they / to the dentist this month ? _______________________________? _______________________________ 2. she / in the hospital this year ? ______________________________? ______________________________ 3. Mrs. Davis / to the supermarket today ? ______________________________? ______________________________ 4. Bob / to New York this year ? _____________________________? ____________________________ 5. you / to the doctor this month ? _____________________________? _____________________________

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III. Complete the following questions and answers. Example:yesterday she / write two postcards today / any Yesterday she wrote two postcards, but today she hasnt written any. yesterday they / buy three newspaper today they have bought only one. Yesterday they bought three newspapers, but today they have bought only one. 1. last month I / lose two pounds this month / only one _______________________________________________________ 2. last week she / spend two hundred dollars this week / only fifty dollars ______________________________________________________________ 3. last month they / give three parties this month / any __________________________________________________________ 4. yesterday she / drink four cups of tea today / only one __________________________________________________________ 5. last week he / teach seven lessons this week / only three ______________________________________________________ 6. yesterday he / steal two wallets today / only one _____________________________________________________ 7. last month they / win four games this month / any _____________________________________________________ 8. last year he / have three car accidents this year / any ____________________________________________________ 9. yesterday I / eat three apples today / only one _____________________________________________________ 10. last month I / borrow a lot of money this month any _____________________________________________________ VOCABULARY

WHETHER OR NOT (dac... sau nu) este o expresie care se folosete, ca i n limba romn, pentru a sublinia existena a dou alternative posibile. De reinut c whether poate fi folosit ca nlocuitor al lui if n orice context, cu excepia subordonatelor condiionale. Exercise Answer the questions below using the expression it depends on whether (or not). Example: Are you planning to buy a new car? (raise) It depends on whether or not my boss raises my salary. 1. Are you planning to go to the beach tomorrow? __________________________________ 2. Are they planning to visit their parents in London? __________________________________________ 3. Is Jane planning to buy a new TV? _________________________________________ 4. Are you planning to take tennis lessons? ________________________________________ 5. Is she planning to ask her boss for a raise? ________________________________________ 6. Are you planning to go to college? _______________________________________ 7. Is he planning to move to Chicago? ______________________________________ 8. Are you planning to see the movie tonight? ______________________________________ 17 (rain) (have a vacation) (have enough money) (have enough time) (be in a good mood) (pass my final exams) (find a better job there) (find tickets)

9. Is she planning to get married? (ask her) ______________________________________ 10. Are you planning to buy that new dress? (can save enough money) ______________________________________ REZUMATUL TEMEI Answer the following questions according to your understanding of the text: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. What is the title of the TV show? Who are the host and the co host? How many guests do they have? What is the name of the first guest and what is he? How much money has he won? Who is the second guest and what record is he trying to break? What about the third guest? How many pancakes has he eaten? Who is the fourth guest and what record is she trying to break? What record has the fifth guest managed to break?

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Tema nr. 4 GETTING AHEAD Uniti de nvare : Lectura textului i selectarea problemelor de vocabular aferente acestuia; Verificarea comprehensiunii textului citi prin ntrebri; Introducerea cunotinelor de gramatic aferente texului; Fixarea i consolidarea cunotinelor prin exerciii de tipul fill in the blanks/rephrase; Conversaie i dezbatere pe tematica propus de textul citit. Obiectivele temei: nelegerea unui text scris i asimilarea elementelor de vocabular aferente acestuia; nelegerea conceptului de Present Perfect Simple i asimilarea structurilor gramaticale care l exprim (utilizare, diferene conceptuale fa de limba romn, formare); utilizarea corect, n context, a verbului modal can i a expresiei echivalente to be able to; formarea deprinderilor de utilizare a structurilor gramaticale i lexicale asimilate ntr un context dat, prin exerciii specifice; dezvoltarea capacitii de utilizare a structurilor gramaticale i lexicale n producerea unor enunuri coerente, prin conversaie i dezbatere. Timpul alocat temei : 1 or Bibliografie recomandat : 1. Baudoin, E. Margaret, Readers Choice, The University of Michigan Press,1988; 2. Dumbrav, Gabriela, An Integrated Skills Course for First Year Students, Editura Universitas, 2001; 3. Fassman, Paula, Suzanne Seymour Tavares, Gallery, Oxford University Press, 1998; 4. Gleanu, Georgiana, Sinteze de gramatic englez, EDP, Bucureti, 1982; 5. Hulban, Horia, et al, Competen i performan: Exerciii i teste de limba englez, Editura tiinific i Enciclopedic, Bucureti,1993; 6. Proca, Rada, Gramatica practic a limbii engleze, Polirom,1999; 7. Vince, Michael, First Certificate Language Practice, Macmillan Heinemann,2004. Getting Ahead Gerald had been a door-to-door salesman for the Ace Vacuum Cleaner Company for ten years. He was good at his job and his boss had even asked him to work in the sales office part-time. But the company was very small, and Gerald knew that he could never be much more than a vacuum cleaner salesman and part-time office worker for the rest of his life. He was reading the newspaper one evening when he saw an ad: Wanted-Home Utilities Market Prospector. Dynamic young man with at least ten years sales experience; some office experience preferable. Gerald showed his wife the ad. Ive had ten years sales experience, he said enthusiastically, and Ive also worked in the companys sales office. Im going to answer this ad! Not only that, said his wife, Agnes, but youve trained hundreds of new salesmen, youve reorganized the whole accounting department and youve spent hours working overtime without extra pay. I think its time for a change. 19

For the next few days he could think of nothing else. He would no longer be just a simple door-to-door salesman. He would have an important position with an impressive name-Home Utilities Market Prospector! When he received an answer to his application a week later, Gerald was overjoyed. They want to interview me for the job, he said to Agnes eagerly. He put on his best suit, shined his shoes, and hurried downtown to an address on March Street. The personnel director seemed friendly and asked Gerald several questions about his professional life: How many different jobs have you had, Mr. Smith? Well, Ive only had one-with the Ace Vacuum Cleaner Company. Ive been with them for ten years now. And how much sales experience have you had? Ive had ten years sales experience. Ive mainly worked as a salesman for the company, but I havent been able to move up or get a better position there. And hows your general health? Have you had any serious illnesses? Ive been sick now and then, but nothing serious. In fact, Ive never been in the hospital, and Ive only missed two or three days of work. The personnel director smiled at Gerald and said, I think youre just the man weve been looking for. You can start next week. Geralds eyes lit up, and a smile of pleasure crossed his face at the thought of starting his new job. Agnes would be so pleased. Finally, after all these years, he was getting ahead. As he was leaving, he realized that he hadnt asked the personnel manager for details about his new job. Oh, by the way, I forgot to ask you. What exactly does a home utilities market prospector do? Geralds heart was beating in anticipation. Oh, didnt you know? said the director, I thought everybody did. A home utilities market prospector sells things door-to-door. In your case itll be vacuum cleaner. GRAMMAR

THE PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE (III) Present Perfect Simple se utilizeaz i n contexte care nu menioneaz intervalul de timp n care se ncadreaz aciunea. Exemple: Ive met a lot of important people. How many jobs have you had ? Clyde hasnt had much luck.

Grammar Practice I. Wendy Storm has had a very busy life. Tell about what shes done in her lifetime, using the cues provided. Examples: a toy factory. She has worked in a toy factory. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. for several newspapers. lingerie in a department store. a model English to foreign students. around the world several times. several films. on TV shows. divorced five times. several cosmetic operations. three books about her life.

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II. Contradict each of the following statements using the Present Perfect in the first part and the Simple Past in the second. Follow the examples given below. Example: Do you know that Mark has never heard a Beethoven symphony ? But he has. He heard the Ninth Symphony just yesterday. 1. Do you know that Ive never drunk sherry ? But . a glass of sherry just yesterday. 2. Do you know that Harry has never seen a film by Fellini ? But . La Strada just last week. 3. Do you know that Luisa has never read a play by Shakespeare ? But . Hamlet just last month. 4. Do you know that Mike and Helen have never eaten a hamburger ? But . four hamburgers just last week. 5. Do you know that Marco has never taken a math course ? But . one just last semester. 6. Do you know that Bill and Andrea have never been to Europe ? But . Luxembourg just last week. 7. Do you know that Marcia has never gone camping ? But . just yesterday. 8. Do you know that youve never talked to my brother ? But . on the phone just a minute ago. 9. Do you know that youve never told me you loved me ? But . just last night. 10. Do you know that Jack and Susan have never been to the dirty ? But . just this afternoon. III. Complete the following sentences using the Present Perfect or the Simple Past tense. 1. I 1975. (visit) Bangkok three times. The last time I (write), Mr. Trumbolt ? When your last book ? it was you in

2. How many books

3. She (have) an interesting life. She fashion model, and she even 4. Im afraid I 5. DOCTOR: PATIENT: I 6. John never

(be) an actress, (take) flying lessons.

(have-negative) much sales experience. However, I (work) as a salesman for a few months. you (have) any serious illnesses ? typhoid fever when I was a child. (work) for several newspapers, but he (write) sports articles. (drive) a truck before. there ?

7. Im sorry, but were looking for someone who 8. I (be) in India in 1976. How long

9. He thinks hes important because he __________ (work with) a lot of famous people. 10. Of course I like camping! I _________ (go) camping with some friends just last week. We _______ (have) a marvelous time !

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VOCABULARY

WONT BE ABLE TO este echivalentul lui CANT la viitor. Exemplu: I cant do it now and I wont be able to do it next week either. (Nu pot s o fac acum i nu voi putea nici sptmna viitoare.) Exercise Draw conclusions from the following statements beginning with I guess and using wont be able to + a suitable verb. Example: He broke his leg last week. I guess he wont be able to go to work for three weeks. 1. She lost her driving licence last week. _________________________________ 2. I left all my books at school. _________________________________ 3. Their telephone is broken. _________________________________ 4. I lost the theatre tickets. _________________________________ 5. He left Marys address at home. _________________________________ 6. Someone just sat on my glasses. _________________________________ 7. They cant find their passports anywhere. _________________________________ 8. The last two pages of that book are missing. _________________________________ 9. It just started raining. _________________________________ 10. I cant find my keys. _________________________________ REZUMATUL TEMEI 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Answer the following questions according to your understanding of the text: What is Gerald? What does he sell? What company does he work for? What did he see in the newspaper one night? What kind of man was wanted for the job? What was the name of the job? Why was he so happy? When did he receive an answer to his application? How many different jobs has he had? Has he ever been ill? What was the big final surprise?

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PROGRESS TEST I I. Complete the following sentences using used to + a suitable verb: 1. When we lived in the country, we __________________ at six oclock every morning. 2. He ________________ a blue sports car, but he sold it. 3. Mary ________________ at the University of Wisconsin, but she doesnt any more. 4. Harry ______________ a very good swimmer, but he isnt any more. 5. When we were kids, we _______________ our homework together. 6. Aunt Harriet _______________ jokes whenever she went to a party. 7. They ________________ into trouble when they were teenagers. 8. She __________________ expensive clothes when she worked at that company. 9. My sister ______________ late for her classes when she was a student. 10. They ________________ champagne every evening when they were rich. II. Fill in the blanks with the Present Perfect Simple of the verbs in brackets: 1. Would you like to join us for lunch? No thanks, I ________ already ______________. (eat) 2. She is getting married next week, but she ________________her wedding dress yet. (buy) 3. ________ you ever _____________ your wifes birthday? (forget) 4. ________ your father __________ the newspaper yet? 5. I gave her some beautiful gloves, but she still ________________ them. (not wear) 6. Its too late! I ________ already __________ the letter. (send) 7. Can you believe it? He _________ never __________ to a concert in his life! (be) 8. _________ they ever __________ Martini? (drink) 9. He is leaving for Paris tomorrow, but he _______________ packing yet. (not finish) 10. I _________ never _________ to Scotland, but Id like to go there some day. (be) III. Fill in the blanks with the Simple Past or Present Perfect Simple of the verbs in brackets: 1. She _____________ three books last month, but she _____________ this month. ( not read) 2. How many times _______ he __________ late for work this week? (be) 3. He _____________ two aspirins so far today, but he ______________ any yesterday. (take, not take) 4. ________ they __________ a lot of money this month? (spend) 5. How many times _________ you _________ your teeth yesterday? (brush) 6. I _____________ (negative) to the movies at all this month. (go) 7. Bob ____________ three exams so far this week. (fail) 8. I _______________ to the doctor twice last year. (go) 9. He _____________ any work so far today, and he _____________ any work yesterday either. (not do) 10. Professor Wilson ______________two lessons yesterday. (teach)

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IV. Complete the following sentences using the Present Perfect Simple or Continuous of the verbs in brackets: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. How long _________ they ______________for the bus? (wait) __________ he ______________ French for a long time? (teach) Hes a good friend of mine. I ________________ him for ten years. (know) Phyllis ________________ sick since she had dinner at that new restaurant. (be) How long _____________ your brother _____________ a psychiatrist? (see) I have to do something! I ______________ a stomach ache for three days. (have) ___________ they _____________ married for a long time? (be) Nancy ________________ by plane for eight hours and she is very bored. (travel) 9. How long ___________ she _________________ as a secretary? (work)

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Tema nr. 5 MYRTLE MEETS A MOVIE STAR Uniti de nvare : Lectura textului i selectarea problemelor de vocabular aferente acestuia; Verificarea comprehensiunii textului citi prin ntrebri; Introducerea cunotinelor de gramatic aferente texului; Fixarea i consolidarea cunotinelor prin exerciii de tipul fill in the blanks/rephrase; Conversaie i dezbatere pe tematica propus de textul citit. Obiectivele temei: nelegerea unui text scris i asimilarea elementelor de vocabular aferente acestuia; nelegerea conceptului de Present Perfect Continuous i asimilarea structurilor gramaticale care l exprim (utilizare, diferene conceptuale fa de limba romn, formare); utilizarea corect, n context, a adverbelor for i since i a expresiei adverbiale ever since; formarea deprinderilor de utilizare a structurilor gramaticale i lexicale asimilate ntr un context dat, prin exerciii specifice; dezvoltarea capacitii de utilizare a structurilor gramaticale i lexicale n producerea unor enunuri coerente, prin conversaie i dezbatere. Timpul alocat temei : 1 or Bibliografie recomandat : 1. Baudoin, E. Margaret, Readers Choice, The University of Michigan Press,1988; 2. Dumbrav, Gabriela, An Integrated Skills Course for First Year Students, Editura Universitas, 2001; 3. Fassman, Paula, Suzanne Seymour Tavares, Gallery, Oxford University Press, 1998; 4. Gleanu, Georgiana, Sinteze de gramatic englez, EDP, Bucureti, 1982; 5. Hulban, Horia, et al, Competen i performan: Exerciii i teste de limba englez,Editura tiinific i Enciclopedic, Bucureti,1993; 6. Proca, Rada, Gramatica practic a limbii engleze, Polirom,1999; 7. Vince, Michael, First Certificate Language Practice, Macmillan Heinemann,2004. Myrtle Meets a Movie Star HEADWAITER: How many in your party, sir? HARRY: Just my wife and myself. MYRTLE: Yes. Wed like a table for twoin the middle of the restaurant so we can see everyone who comes in. You see, Ive been dying to come to Hollywood ever since I was a young girl. Ive heard a lot of stars come here HARRY: Myrtle, Im sure this gentleman is not interested in your life story. MYRTLE: and today is our wedding anniversaryweve been married for thirty years. Isnt that just wonderful? HEADWAITER: Thats simply fascinating, Madam. This is your table, sir. Have a nice meal. WAITER: Would you like to order now? I recommend the pepper steak its MYRTLE: Waiter, I suppose youve seen thousands of movie stars. How long have you been working here?

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WAITER: Ive been working here for twenty-five years, and Ive seen all the greats Gable, Cooper, Monroe, Wayne, NewmanIve been serving stars ever since I was a young man. MYRTLE: How long have you been living in Hollywood? HARRY: Well have the pepper steak, please. FOUR HOURS LATER HARRY: Myrtle, you must admit Ive been patient this time. Weve been sitting here for four hours and not one star has come in. MYRTLE: Just drink your coffee, Harry. Im not leaving until I see a movie star! HARRY: But Ive been drinking coffee for three hours . . . MYRTLE: Harry! I dont believe it! Robert Redford and his wife are coming this way! Ive been waiting for this moment for years! (she gets up) Oh, Mr. Redford! This is wonderful! Ive been a fan of yours ever since I saw you in Butch Cassidy. MAN: Im not Robert Redford, maam. Scrubbs the name. Huey Scrubb. MYRTLE: I know youre Robert Redford. Ive seen all your movies! My daughter has had a picture of you on her wall for years! Youre Robert Redford! WOMAN: I beg your pardon but Ive been married to this man for fifteen years, and I can assure you hes Huey Scrubb. Will you excuse us? Weve been walking around all day, and wed like something to eat. MYRTLE: (raising her voice) Youre Robert Redford! Please give me your autograph. MAN: Huey Scrubbs my name! WOMAN: Waiter! This womans been bothering us! She says my husband is Robert Redford. Could you please tell her to stop annoying us? HEADWAITER: Weve had Robert Redford in here hundreds of times, and this is not him! HARRY: Ive been patient with you, Myrtle, but this time youve gone too far! MYRTLE: Ive been waiting for a chance like this for years . . . and now he wont give me his autograph. WAITER: (to man) Give her your autograph. Maybe this way shell leave you alone. MAN: OK (writes) To my favourite fan, from Robert Redford (gives piece of paper to Myrtle) MYRTLE: Thanks. Hey, wait! This is not Robert Redfords signature. Of all the nerve! Youre an impostor! How long have you been going around telling people youre Robert Redford? HEADWAITER: Ive been working here for thirty years, and Ive had all kinds of trouble with customers, but never like this! WAITER: Its that poor guy I feel sorry for. Hes had the same trouble for thirty years. GRAMMAR THE PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS Mod de formare Present Perfect Continuous se formeaz cu auxiliarul have / has + been + verb la care se adaug terminaia -ing. Utilizare Acest timp verbal se folosete pentru a exprima o aciune nceput ntr un moment trecut care se extinde i n prezent. Exemplu: I have been living here since 1985. He has been reading for three hours. Prin urmare, ntrebarea cu care se asociaz, n mod logic, acest timp este How long? , iar rspunsurile vor conine for + o anumit durat (two weeks, three days, six years) sau since + momentul din trecut cnd a nceput aciunea (since morning, since 1980, since January).

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Exemplu:

How long have you been studying English ? Ive been studying it for two years. since 1982.

Observaie: n cazul verbelor care nu suport form continu , cum ar fi be, have, know, like, (vezi i lecia The Present Continuous Tense),Present Perfect Continuous se va nlocui cu Present Perfect Simple, chiar dac aciunea continu i n prezent. Exemple: How long have you been a doctor ? Ive been a doctor for ten years. since 1974. How long have you had your car? I have had it for ten years. Grammar Practice I. Give affirmative answers to the following questions using the words in parentheses. Use for, since or all + a time period. Example: Is she still typing those letters ? (two hours) Yes. She has been typing them for two hours. Is it raining ? (one oclock) Yes. It has been raining since one oclock. Are they still trying to call New York ? (all morning) Yes. They have been trying all morning. 1. Is he really the president of Apex Inc.? (1976) ___________________________________ 2. Are you feeling sick ? (all week) ____________________________________ 3. Is Paul still studying ? (one oclock) ____________________________________ 4. Is he still wearing that same shirt ? (two days) ____________________________________ 5. Are the children still sleeping ? (four oclock) ____________________________________ 6. Are they still arguing ? (all evening) ____________________________________ 7. Are they married ? (several years) _____________________________________ 8. Is he still waiting for the phone call ? (two oclock this afternoon) _____________________________________ 9. Is that woman still talking on the phone ? (an hour and a half) _____________________________________ 10. Is your brother still working on his car ? (two days) _____________________________________ II. Complete the following using the Present Perfect Continuous, an appropriate verb, and for or since. Example: He TV an hour. He has been watching TV for an hour. in Boston 27 1967.

1. Denise

2. They 3. The secretary 4. We 5. They 6. She 7. Harry 8. He 9. Janet 10. She

for the Ford Motor Company those letters swimming lessons in the doctors office for her exams on the phone cough medicine for the French test basketball

seven years. an hour and a half. last summer. two hours. last month. three oclock.

a long time. a week. eight oclock. and a logical verb in the

III. Complete the following questions using How long . . . Present Perfect Continuous tense. Example :

you / piano lessons ? How long have you been taking piano lessons ? 1. you / your vacations in Miami ? ____________________________? 2. they / out together ? ____________________________? 3. Janis in that apartment ____________________________? 4. he / Shine hair cream ____________________________? 5. Bob / glasses ? ____________________________? 6. he / in that factory ? ___________________________? 7. they / love letters to each other ? ___________________________? 8. you / your clothes in that department store ? __________________________________? 9. you / concerts/ ? ____________________________? 10. he / for his final exams ? ____________________________?

VOCABULARY

EVER SINCE (de cnd) este o expresie prin cre vorbitorul accentueaz importana unui eveniment sau durata unei perioade. Exemple: I have liked Beethoven ever since I heard the Fifth Symphony. (accentuarea importanei evenimentului); I have been sitting here ever since you left. (accentuarea duratei)

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Exercise Combine the following sentences using ever since, according to the model: Example: She became a movie star. Then she started wearing diamond rings. She has been wearing diamond rings ever since she became a movie star. 1. I saw that film. Right then I decided I wanted to become an actor. ___________________________________________ 2. He got to Chicago last month. He is still looking for a job. ___________________________________________ 3. When he became famous, he started driving expensive cars. ________________________________________________ 4. I started singing when I was a child. ____________________________________ 5. Tom came back from the war. Then they got married. _________________________________________ 6. I read a book about the pyramids of Egypt. Now Im interested in archaeology. ______________________________________________________ 7. He swam in that cold river. Now he is coughing. ____________________________________ 8. He saved my life. Then we became best friends. ______________________________________ 9. They told me I had a terrible voice. Thats why Im taking singing lessons. _____________________________________________________ 10. Her boss told her she was fired. She is still crying. ________________________________________ REZUMATUL TEMEI Answer the following questions according to your understanding of the text: 1. What kind of table does Myrtle want and why? 2. Why has she been dying to come to Hollywood? 3. What do Harry and Myrtle celebrate? 4. How long have they been married? 5. How long have they been sitting at the table when Huey Scrubb appears? 6. Who does she think he is? 7. What does she want from him? 8. Who does Scrubbs wife call? 9. What does she say? 10. What does the waiter say?

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Tema nr. 6 FAULKS INN Uniti de nvare : Lectura textului i selectarea problemelor de vocabular aferente acestuia; Verificarea comprehensiunii textului citit prin ntrebri; Introducerea cunotinelor de gramatic aferente texului; Fixarea i consolidarea cunotinelor prin exerciii de tipul fill in the blanks/rephrase; Conversaie i dezbatere pe tematica propus de textul citit. Obiectivele temei: nelegerea unui text scris i asimilarea elementelor de vocabular aferente acestuia; nelegerea conceptului de Past Perfect Simple i asimilarea structurilor gramaticale care l exprim (utilizare, diferene conceptuale fa de limba romn, formare); utilizarea corect, n context, a expresiei might as well; formarea deprinderilor de utilizare a structurilor gramaticale i lexicale asimilate ntr un context dat, prin exerciii specifice; dezvoltarea capacitii de utilizare a structurilor gramaticale i lexicale n producerea unor enunuri coerente, prin conversaie i dezbatere. Timpul alocat temei : 1 or 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Bibliografie recomandat : Baudoin, E. Margaret, Readers Choice, The University of Michigan Press,1988; Dumbrav, Gabriela, An Integrated Skills Course for First Year Students, Editura Universitas, 2001; Fassman, Paula, Suzanne Seymour Tavares, Gallery, Oxford University Press, 1998; Gleanu, Georgiana, Sinteze de gramatic englez, EDP, Bucureti, 1982 Hulban, Horia, et al, Competen i performan: Exerciii i teste de limba englez, Editura tiinific i Enciclopedic, Bucureti,1993; Proca, Rada, Gramatica practic A Limbii engleze, Polirom,1999; Vince, Michael, First Certificate Language Practice, Macmillan Heinemann,2004.

Faulks Inn He looked at his watch, but it was still very early. He poured himself another drink and yawned. This is going to be a long night, he thought to himself. * * * It had all started as a joke. Connell had arrived at Faulks Inn on Wednesday. It seemed like such a peaceful old place that he decided to stay until the weekend. On the first evening of his arrival, Connell was having a drink with some of the other guest when they began asking the owner about the history of the place. He told them the following story: In the 1800s something very strange had happened at the inn. The owners daughter, Jullie Faulks, had mysteriously disappeared from one of the large rooms on the second floor. Everyone had been shocked by this strange disappearance, but no one had ever discovered where she had gone.

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Ever since the night of the mystery, guests complained of hearing strange noises coming from the room where the girl had last been seen. Several people had also seen lights and floating white objects. When Connell and the others heard that no one had stayed in the room since 1860, they began to laugh and laugh and make jokes, especially Connell. Superstitious nonsense! he laughed. People get so frightened that their minds begin to play tricks on them. Everyone is at least a little superstitious, said one of the guests. Not me! said Connell. Just to show you how ridiculous this story is, Ill stay in that room tonight. * * * Your friends downstairs would like to know if youd like a cup of coffee, sir. Connell was awakened by a young woman carrying a tray. Yes, he replied. All this nonsense about ghosts has made me quite sleepy. She smiled as she poured the coffee. If you need anything else, just ring. The next day at breakfast, Connell told the other guests about the wonderful night he had spent, and how he had never slept better in his life. So, nothing disturbed you? the owner asked. Nothing. After the maid left, I fell asleep again. What maid? the owner asked. My wife and I are the only ones who take care of the place now. She looked just like the girl in that picture, said Connell, pointing to a portrait above the fireplace. Well, Mr. Connell, you may want to change your beliefs. Thats a portrait of Julie Faulks painted in 1859. GRAMMAR THE PAST PERFECT SIMPLE TENSE Mod de formare Past Perfect Simple se formeaz cu ajutorul auxiliarului have la trecut (had) + participiul trecut al verbului (verb regulat + ed/ forma a treia a verbelor neregulate). AFFIRMATIVE I had already gone. You etc. INTERROGATIVE Had I you etc. NEGATIVE

ever been there? I hadnt thought of it before. You etc.

Utilizare Acest timp verbal se folosete pentru a exprima o aciune care a avut loc n trecut, fiind anterioar unei alte aciuni trecute. Adverbul de timp specific unor astfel de contexte este before. Exemplu: When I entered the room, I saw that someone had been there before me.

Past Perfect Simple se folosete adesea mpreun cu adverbele de timp just, already, ever i never, care se vor aeza ntre auxiliar i participiul trecut al verbului. Exemple: When the police arrived, the thieves had already left. She had just arrived when the phone started ringing. They were very nervous because they had never travelled in a jet before.

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Grammar Practice I. Complete the following by supplying the missing verb in the Past Perfect. Examples: 1. They She three letters before I got there. She had written three letters before I got there. asleep before their son arrived. all the food before we got there. Mrs. Bodleys money before she left the store. dinner before we arrived. a rock through the window before the police arrived. their homework before their parents came home. ten minutes before the taxi arrived at the station. two sedatives before the doctor arrived. three glasses of wine before his guests arrived. all the dishes before his wife got home.

2. The other guests 3. A thief 4. They 5. Someone 6. They 7. The train 8. She 9. He 10. He

II. Give answers to the following questions using had never . . . before. Examples: Did your friend enjoy seeing the ballet? Yes! She had never seen a ballet before. 1. Did they enjoy eating that Indian food? ___________________________________ 2. Did you enjoy riding that horse yesterday? ___________________________________ 3. Did Lucy like having tea with the Smiths? ____________________________________ 4. Did the children enjoy going to the circus? ____________________________________ 5. Did the Mercers enjoy giving that cocktail party? ___________________________________ 6. Did you enjoy driving Johns sports car? _________________________________ 7. Did Grace enjoy taking Portuguese lessons? _________________________________ 8. Did Evelzn enjoy writing that report? ___________________________________ 9. Did she enjoy speaking to the President? __________________________________ 10. Did Bob enjoy flying in that helicopter yesterday? __________________________________

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III. Complete the following using the Past Perfect tense. 1. By the time I arrived, they 2. Barbara started to ring. just already dinner. (eat) (leave) (write) (be) (go) (steal) (fly) (take) (teach) (fall)

the house when the phone three books before never

3. Longhorn Trumbolt, the author, he was twenty-one years old. 4. I really enjoyed the masquerade party. I to one before.

5. When their visitors finally arrived, Mr. And Mrs. Mc Master already to bed. 6. By the time the police arrived, the thieves the money. 7. Jim enjoyed his trip to Paris. He plane before. 8. Kate just never already in a jet

two sedatives when the doctor arrived.

9. Professor Collins at three American universities before accepting a position at the University of Lisbon. 10. By the time finally finished talking, most of the audience asleep. VOCABULARY

Might as well Expresia might as well se folosete pentru a sublinia alegerea celei mai avantajoase soluii pentru o anumit problem . Exemplu: He might as well buy the small car, since he doesnt have enough money for the big one. De sesizat nuana de regret a afirmaiei I might as well stay at home and do the housework since I dont have money to go out sau nepsarea redat de afirmaia As far as I am concerned, you might as well leave. Exercise Comment on the following situations using might as well: Example: He has just missed the train to Chicago. There is a bus leaving for Chicago in an hour. He might as well take the bus. 1. Jane has forgotten to buy a new dress for the party. Luckily, her old dress is very nice. ______________________________________ 2. They would like to eat at the restaurant but there are free seats only in the snack bar across the street. ______________________________________ 33

3. I have been waiting to see the doctor for an hour and Im terribly bored. There are a few magazines on the table in the waiting room. ______________________________________ 4. Harrys engine doesnt start this morning. He is lucky that he lives near to his office. ______________________________________ 5. We are going to a party. There is a bottle of wine in the refrigerator. ______________________________________ 6. She wanted to send her mother a telegram for her birthday but it would be only two dollars cheaper than a phone call. ______________________________________ 7. I was going to throw away a pair of old shoes but I noticed that they are in fashion again. _______________________________________ 8. Im so angry with them that I dont care if they leave the town forever. _______________________________________ 9. She wants to go to the cinema, but nothing good is playing. She has just remembered that there is a film on TV. _____________________________________ 10. Its almost midnight and Helen cannot sleep. She has brought some office papers to study. ____________________________________ REZUMATUL TEMEI Answer the following questions according to your understanding of the text: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. When did Connel arrive at Faulks Inn? For how long did he decide to stay? Why? What had happened with the owners daughter? Why did the guests complain? What had some people seen? Why did Connel refuse to believe the story? How did he decide to prove that the story was ridiculous? Who visited him in his room? What did she do? What did Connel find out in the morning?

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Tema nr. 7 THE BANK JOB Uniti de nvare : Lectura textului i selectarea problemelor de vocabular aferente acestuia; Verificarea comprehensiunii textului citit prin ntrebri; Introducerea cunotinelor de gramatic aferente texului; Fixarea i consolidarea cunotinelor prin exerciii de tipul fill in the blanks/rephrase; Conversaie i dezbatere pe tematica propus de textul citit. Obiectivele temei: nelegerea unui text scris i asimilarea elementelor de vocabular aferente acestuia; nelegerea conceptului de Conditional Clause (Type I) i asimilarea structurilor gramaticale care l exprim (utilizare, diferene conceptuale fa de limba romn, formare); utilizarea corect, n context, a expresiei what if; formarea deprinderilor de utilizare a structurilor gramaticale i lexicale asimilate ntr un context dat, prin exerciii specifice; dezvoltarea capacitii de utilizare a structurilor gramaticale i lexicale n producerea unor enunuri coerente, prin conversaie i dezbatere. Timpul alocat temei : 1 or Bibliografie recomandat : 1. Baudoin, E. Margaret, Readers Choice, The University of Michigan Press,1988; 2. Dumbrav, Gabriela, An Integrated Skills Course for First Year Students, Editura Universitas, 2001; 3. Fassman, Paula, Suzanne Seymour Tavares, Gallery, Oxford University Press, 1998; 4. Gleanu, Georgiana, Sinteze de gramatic englez, EDP, Bucureti, 1982 5. Hulban, Horia, et al, Competen i performan: Exerciii i teste de limba englez, Editura tiinific i Enciclopedic, Bucureti,1993; 6. Proca, Rada, Gramatica practic a limbii engleze, Polirom,1999; 7. Vince, Michael, First Certificate Language Practice, Macmillan Heinemann,2004. The Bank Job HANK: Now, remember, gang, if were not careful, the bank camera will take our picture. Also, the alarm will go off, and, the whole neighbourhood will wake up. RICK: Not only that! As soon as it goes off, the whole New York Police Department will be here in three minutes! JANET: Well, maybe we shouldnt go in through the front door as we planned. Lets try the side window. MICKEY: But hold on a minute! As soon as we break in through the side window, the camera will take our pictures. ANGELA: If we have our masks on we wont be recognized. HANK: Okay, so our big problem is to disconnect the alarm. Thats what we ought to do first. If we dont do that, we wont be able to do anything else. RICK: Im really scared, though. If the alarm goes off, the police will arrive right away. JANET: And if the getaway car isnt waiting outside, theyll catch every one of us. 35

MICKEY: Yeah, and if they catch us, we wont get out of jail for at least ten years. ANGELA: Hey! If they put me in jail for ten years, by the time I get out Ill be forty! (ALL) : Me too! JANET: Why dont we all look for jobs instead? GRAMMAR THE FIRST CONDITIONAL CLAUSE (Subordonata condiionl de tipul I) O fraz care conine o subordonat condiional de tipul I exprim o relaie cauz efect: Exemplu: If it rains tomorrow, they will stay in doors. (cauz) (efect) (Dac va ploua mine, ei vor sta n cas.) If he doesnt leave early, he will miss the bus. (cauz) (efect) (Dac nu va pleca devreme, va pierde autobuzul.) Dup cum se observ din exemplele de mai sus, spre deosebire de limba romn (unde utilizm viitorul att n subordonat, ct i n propoziia principal), n limba englez subordonata condiional (introdus prin if) conine n mod obligatoriu un verb la Present Simple, iar propoziia principal un verb la Future Simple. . Grammar Practice I. Match the if clause on the left with a clause on the right. There are several possible combinations. First find the most logical match for each if clause. 1. If my mother / in / low comes to visit Ill move to another city ________________________________________________________ 2. If I cant find an apartment here shell bite the mailman _______________________________________________________ 3. If my wife has twins Ill take her to the zoo _______________________________________________________ 4. If my boss doesnt give me a raise Ill go out and celebrate _______________________________________________________ 5. If Uncle Harry leaves me his fortune Ill quit my job ______________________________________________________ 6. If my dog gets free Ill look for somebody else to marry ______________________________________________________ 7. If my little cousin comes to visit Ill go crazy ______________________________________________________ 8. If you dont marry me Ill call an ambulance _____________________________________________________ 9. If Tom gets sick again Ill call a mechanic ____________________________________________________ 10. If my car breaks down again Ill join the navy ________________________________________________ II. Complete the following sentences with appropriate clauses. 1. If , we wont go to the beach. 2. If he loses his job, . 36

3. As soon as the baby is born, . 4. If , Ill call the police. 5. She when she goes to Japan next month. 6. He as soon as he finishes his work. 7. Ill go to the doctor next week if . 8. If the train arrives late, . 9. Hell lose his job if he . 10. If you dont study, ______________. . VOCABULARY What if . . . Expresia What if + Present Simple se folosete atunci cnd vorbitorul vrea s atrag atenia asupra unei posibile probleme. Echivalenul n limba romn este dar dac..? Exemple: What if we miss the bus? (Dar dac pierdem autobuzul?) What if the weather gets worse? (Dar dac vremea se nrutete?) Exercise Answer the following What if questions using the cues provided. Example: What if it rains ? (we the beach on Sunday) If it rains we wont go to the beach on Sunday. What if they dont bring enough sandwiches ? (we fruit) If they dont bring enough sandwiches, well eat fruit.

1. What if we fail the exam ? (we it again in June) __________________________________________________ 2. What if he has an accident ? (we him to the hospital) ___________________________________________________ 3. What if they run out of gas ? (they to the nearest gas station) ________________________________________________________ 4. What if they cancel our flight ? (we the train) _________________________________________________ 5. What if the restaurant is closed ? (I somewhere else) _________________________________________________ 6. What if they raise the price of gas ? (we a smaller car next year) _________________________________________________ 7. What if he doesnt like river ? (he a steak) _________________________________________________ 8. What if they dont come on time ? (we to the theatre without them) ______________________________________________________ 9. What if the dress doesnt fit her ? (she another one) ________________________________________________ 10. What if he doesnt hear his alarm clock ? (he late for work) ___________________________________________

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REZUMATUL TEMEI Answer the following questions: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Who are the five characters in the story? What do they want to do? What does the first character tell the others to remember? What does Janet suggest? What does Angela say? What is their big problem, according to Hank? Who is really scared? Why? What does Mickey realize? Why is Angela panicking? What do they decide to do in the end?

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Tema nr. 8 THE REUNION Uniti de nvare : Lectura textului i selectarea problemelor de vocabular aferente acestuia; Verificarea comprehensiunii textului citit prin ntrebri; Introducerea cunotinelor de gramatic aferente texului; Fixarea i consolidarea cunotinelor prin exerciii de tipul fill in the blanks/rephrase; Conversaie i dezbatere pe tematica propus de textul citit. Obiectivele temei: nelegerea unui text scris i asimilarea elementelor de vocabular aferente acestuia; nelegerea conceptului de Conditional Clause (Type II) i asimilarea structurilor gramaticale care l exprim (utilizare, diferene conceptuale fa de limba romn, formare); utilizarea corect, n context, a expresiei had better; formarea deprinderilor de utilizare a structurilor gramaticale i lexicale asimilate ntr un context dat, prin exerciii specifice; dezvoltarea capacitii de utilizare a structurilor gramaticale i lexicale n producerea unor enunuri coerente, prin conversaie i dezbatere. Timpul alocat temei : 1 or Bibliografie recomandat : 1. Baudoin, E. Margaret, Readers Choice, The University of Michigan Press,1988; 2. Dumbrav, Gabriela, An Integrated Skills Course for First Year Students, Editura Universitas, 2001; 3. Fassman, Paula, Suzanne Seymour Tavares, Gallery, Oxford University Press, 1998; 4. Gleanu, Georgiana, Sinteze de gramatic englez, EDP, Bucureti, 1982 5. Hulban, Horia, et al, Competen i performan: Exerciii i teste de limba englez, Editura tiinific i Enciclopedic, Bucureti,1993; 6. Proca, Rada, Gramatica practic a limbii engleze, Polirom,1999; 7. Vince, Michael, First Certificate Language Practice, Macmillan Heinemann,2004. The Reunion ELEANOR: Whats wrong with you tonight, Peggy? You dont look like youre having a good time. Dont you think this class reunion is fun? PEGGY: I dont know . . . I just feel . . . I mean Oh, whats the use of keeping it to myself! BARRY: Come on, Peggy. You know youd feel better if you told us. PEGGY: OK. Let me ask you this. If you didnt have much money and you wanted to impress a rich man, would you tell him that you had a great job and lots of money? NANCY: No, because if I did, he would find out sooner or later. PEGGY: If you lived in a small apartment in the poor part of town, would you tell him you lived in a mansion? GREG: If a girl told me lies like that, Id never believe her again. PEGGY: Well, do you remember Jack Torrence who went to Australia to make his fortune? Ive been writing to him for three years and . . . TERRY: Dont tell me youve been lying to him all this time in your letters! 39

PEGGY: Well, I suppose I have been exaggerating a little. And now this millionaire is going to walk through the door any minute, and I dont know what to do. PAT: Well, if I were you, Id keep on lying until I thought he was ready to accept the truth. BARRY: Thats no solution. If I were Peggy, Id tell him right away. NANCY: If he were my boyfriend and thought I had a lot of money, Id rent a luxury apartment for a few days, and hope we left for Australia before my money ran out. GREG: And what would you do if you ran out of money before you left for Australia? NANCY: Id borrow some more. ELEANOR: But if he discovered the truth, he would probably never speak to you again. TERRY: If I were you, Id just forget about marrying him, Peggy. PAT: Oh, look! Here comes Jack now! Doesnt he look greatlike a million bucks! GREG: Oh, shut up, Pat. Well, go over and talk to him, Peggyand tell him the truth. (Peggy goes over to greet Jack) JACK: You look wonderful, Peggy. Its so good to see you after all this time. PEGGY: Jack, I have something to tell you . . . JACK: Wait, Peggy. Let me ask you this first, before you say anything. Would you still love me if I told you Id lied about all the money Id made in Australia? PEGGY: (smiles with relief) Well, Jack, lets sit down. Something tells me we have a lot to talk about. GRAMMAR

THE SECOND CONDITIONAL CLAUSE (Subordonata condiional de tipul II) Subordonata condiional de tipul II este folosit n fraze care se refer la o posibil relaie cauz effect, inexistent n momentul vorbirii. Exemplu: If I had enough money, I would buy a new car. (causes ) (effect ). (Dac a avea destui bani, mi a cumpra o main nou.) I wouldnt talk to her if I were you. (effect) (cause ). (Nu a vorbi cu ea dac a fi n locul tu.) Dup cum se observ, n limba englez, Condiionalul prezent (would + infinitivul scurt al verbului) din propoziia principal este nlocuit de Simple Past n subordonata condiional (dup if). Observaie: n subordonata condiional, forma de trecut a verbului to be va fi were pentru toate persoanele Exemple: AFIRMATIV If I you she he we they were rich, I would travel more. you she he we they

We would buy a house if we were rich.

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INTEROGATIV Would I quit working if won the lottery ? Where would you go if you had the money? What would he do if he were in your place ? NEGATIV I wouldnt go if I didnt have the money. They wouldnt tell him that if they werent sure. Grammar Practice I. Make statements beginning with If I were you . . using the following cues. Example: so much noise If I were you, I wouldnt make so much noise.

1. the police ____________________________________ 2. that car ____________________________________ 3. so much money _______________________________ 4. that French course ______________________________ 5. his advice __________________________________ 6. that medicine ________________________________ 7. my job ___________________________________ 8. that movie ________________________________ 9. that letter _________________________________ 10. a vacation _____________________________________ II. Ask questions with Would you if .? for the following statements. Example: Laurie went to a party, even though she didnt like the hostess. Would you go to a party if you didnt like the hostess? 1. He invited a girl to dinner, even though he didnt know her name. ______________________________________________ ? 2. She married a rich man, even though she didnt love him. ______________________________________________ ? 3. He ordered a large meal, even though he didnt have any money. _______________________________________________? 4. I wore that ugly shirt, even though I didnt like it. ______________________________________________? 5. He drove a car, even though he didnt have a license. _____________________________________________? III. Complete the following sentences. Depending on the cues given, each clause may be either negative or affirmative. Examples: A poor man says: If a lot of money, I around the world. If I had a lot of money, Id travel around the world. A light sleeper says: If I such o noisy neighbourhood, I at night. If I didnt live in such a noisy neighbourhood, Id sleep better at night. better

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1. A fat man says : If 2. A busy woman says: If 3. A bad student says: If 4. An ugly girl says: If 5. A tired woman says: If 6. A chain smoker says: If 7. A short man says: If 8. A lonely man says: If 9. A fat man says: If 10. A coffee drinker says: If sleeping.

so much, I more time, I more, I prettier, I more rest, I so much, I so short, I a girl friend, I more exercise, I

so fat. the movies. better grades. as a model. better. such a bad smoker. basket ball. so lonely. so fat. trouble

so much coffee, I

VOCABULARY You had better (not) . . . ar fi mai bine s(nu). Cu ajutorul acestei formule vorbitorul ofer un sfat interlocutorului sau l previne n legtur cu o posibil problem. Exemplu: You never know when it will rain, so you had better take your umbrella with you. Exercise Complete the following sentences using the expression had better: 1. The flights usually fill up fast in August, so___________________________. 2. You might get airsick on the plane, so _______________________________. 3. Summer nights are cool in England, so ________________________________. 4. Its dangerous to carry cash around, so ______________________________. 5. You live quite far from the centre, so _____________________________. 6. The text is full of new words, so _________________________________. 7. You may not find that medicine in Europe, so ___________________________. 8. Youll want to take pictures of all the places you visit, so ___________________. 9. Your feet will hurt after all the sight seeing, so __________________________. 10. Its easy to get lost in Munich, so _______________________. REZUMATUL TEMEI Answer the following questions: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Who are the characters of the story? On what occasion do they meet? Why isnt Peggy having a good time? What lies has she told? Who is Jack Torrence? For how long has she been writing to him? What does Peggy think about Jack? What solution does Pat suggest? What about Greg? What is the big final surprise? 42

PROGRESS TEST II I. Complete the following sentences using the Past Perfect of the verbs in brackets: 1. By the time I arrived, they __________ already ____________ dinner. (have) 2. Barbara _________ just ___________ the house when the phone started ringing. (leave) 3. The novelist ________________ three books before he was twenty one. (write) 4. I really enjoyed the show. I __________ never __________ such a show before. (see) 5. When the guests arrived, we ___________ already _______ to bed. (go) 6. By the time the police arrived, the thieves ___________ already ____________ away with the money. (run) 7. Jim enjoyed his trip to Paris. He __________ never ____________ in a jet plane before. (fly) 8. Kate __________ just ____________ two sedatives when the doctor arrived. (take) 9. Professor Collins ________________ at three American universities before accepting a position at the University of Lisbon. (teach) 10. By the time she finally finished talking, most of the audience _____________ asleep. (fall) II. Complete the following sentences with the appropriate clause: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. If______________________, we will be late for the show. If he loses his job, _________________________. If she has a boy, __________________________. If ________________, I will call the police. She ____________________ if she visits Japan. He ____________________ if he finishes his project before the end of the month. Ill go to the doctor next week if ___________________________. If the train arrives late, ____________________. Hell lose his job if _________________________. If you dont study, ________________________.

III. Complete the following sentences: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. What would you do if someone _________________________? I ________________________if I had had enough money. His mother ____________________ if she knew the truth. I would tell them everything if I ____________________. He _______________________ if he had time. If she hadnt eaten so much, she______________________. If I saw a crime, I ________________________. If you _____________________, where would you like to live? If he had been honest with us, we __________________________. You wouldnt have managed if he ____________________.

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IV. Fill in the blanks with an appropriate verb in the Gerund: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. She apologized for _______________ so late. Ive always had trouble ________________ very early in the morning. Its such a great day! I dont feel like _______________ at home. I tried to control myself, but I couldnt help ________________. Let me know when they get here. Im looking forward to _______________. He put off __________________ for so long that now he is in the hospital. I told her I was feeling fine, but she insisted on ___________________. Seatbelts in cars prevent a lot of people from ____________________. Although the police questioned them for two days, they denied ________________. 10. I shouted at them to stop, but they kept on _____________________.

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Minimal List of Irregular Verbs Long Infinitive to be to become to beat to begin to bite to blow to break to bring to buy to catch to choose to come to cut to do to drink to drive to eat to fall to feel to find to forget to forgive to get to give to go to grow to have to hear to hide to hurt to keep to leave to lend to lose to make to put to read to run to say to see to sell to send to shut to sleep to sing to sit to spend to stand to steal to take to teach Simple Past was/ were became beat began bit blew broke brought bought caught chose came cut did drank drove ate fell felt found forgot forgave got gave went grew had heard hid hurt kept left lent lost made put read ran said saw sold sent shut slept sang sat spent stood stole took taught Past Participle been become beaten begun bitten blown broken brought bought caught chosen come cut done drunk driven eaten fallen felt found forgotten forgiven got(ten) given gone grown had heard hidden hurt kept left lent lost made put read run said seen sold sent shut slept sung sat spent stood stolen taken taught Translation a fi a deveni a bate a ncepe a muca a sufla a sparge a aduce a cumpra a prinde a alege a veni a tia a face a bea a conduce a mnca a cdea a (se) simi a gsi a uita a ierta a obine a da a merge a crete a avea a auzi a (se) ascunde a rni a ine, a pstra a pleca a mprumuta a pierde a face a pune a citi a fugi a zice a vedea a vinde a trimite a nchide a dormi a cnta a sta (aezat) a petrece(timpul) a cheltui a sta (n picioare) a fura a lua a nva (pe cineva)

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to think to throw to understand to wear

thought threw understood wore

thought thrown understood worn BIBLIOGRAFIE

a (se) gndi a crede a arunca a nelege a purta

1. Baudoin, E. Margaret, Readers Choice, The University of Michigan Press,1988; 2. Dumbrav, Gabriela, An Integrated Skills Course for First Year Students, Editura Universitas, 2001; 3. Fassman, Paula, Suzanne Seymour Tavares, Gallery, Oxford University Press, 1998; 4. Gleanu, Georgiana, SINTEZE DE GRAMATIC ENGLEZ, EDP, Bucureti, 1982 5. Hulban, Horia, et al, Competen i performan: Exerciii i teste de limba englez, Editura tiinific i Enciclopedic, Bucureti,1993; 6. Proca, Rada, Garamatica practic a limbii engleze, Polirom,1999; 7. Vince, Michael, First Certificate Language Practice, Macmillan Heinemann,2004.

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LAVINIA HULEA

LIMBA FRANCEZ

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CUPRINS Pagina TEMA I. SUR LES QUAIS DE LA SEINE TEMA II. UN DEJEUNER A LA FORTUNE DU POT TESTUL NR. 1 TEMA III. LE THEATRE TEMA IV. LA NAISSANCE DE PARIS TESTUL NR. 2 50 53 57 59 62 65

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CUVNT NAINTE Prezentul manual se adreseaz studenilor de la Facultatea de tiine, forma de nvmnt la distan (I.D), i are n vedere nzestrarea viitorilor specialiti cu un bagaj de cunotine temeinice de limba francez, n vederea formrii aptitudinilor i deprinderilor de a comunica oral i scris, n situaii reale de via i n domeniul de specialitate. n acest sens, manualul asigur: asimilarea vocabularului i a cunotinelor de gramatic necesare pentru a putea realiza o descriere, a da o explicaie, a susine cu argumente o prere proprie sau a relata cu propriile cuvinte o ntmplare sau un text citit; nsuirea formulelor de conversaie consacrate i utilizarea adecvat a acestora n funcie de context. asigurarea cunotinelor necesare pentru a se putea documenta, consultnd texte de specialitate n limba francez. Manualul acoper urmtoarele arii de competen: Competen n comunicarea oral i scris; Competen n nelegerea textului scris. Capacitatea de a purta o conversaie corect pe o tem dat sau pe teme uzuale; Asimilarea vocabularului i a cunotinelor de gramatic necesare pentru a putea realiza o descriere, a da o explicaie, a susine cu argumente o prere proprie i a nelege mesaje orale; Capacitatea de a interpreta i sintetiza un mesaj scris; Capacitatea de a nelege, interpreta i sintetiza documentaia de specialitate n limba francez; Competena de a elabora documentaie de specialitate n limba francez Competene legate de lrgirea orizontului lingvistic: dezvoltarea interesului fa de alte civilizaii, deschidere spre comunicarea n limba strin, interesul pentru lectur sau consultarea bibliografiei n limba strin. Autoarea

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Thme no.1 SUR LES QUAIS DE LA SEINE Uniti de nvare : Lectura textului i selectarea problemelor de vocabular aferente acestuia; Verificarea comprehensiunii textului citit prin ntrebri; Introducerea unor cunotine de gramatic; Fixarea i consolidarea cunotinelor prin exerciii; Conversaie i dezbatere. Obiectivele temei: nelegerea unui text scris i asimilarea elementelor de vocabular aferente acestuia; nelegerea i asimilarea unor structuri gramaticale; formarea deprinderilor de utilizare a structurilor gramaticale i lexicale asimilate prin exerciii specifice; dezvoltarea capacitii de utilizare a structurilor gramaticale i lexicale n producerea unor enunuri coerente, prin conversaie i dezbatere. Timpul alocat temei : 2 ore Bibliografie recomandat : Cuni, Alexandra, Vian, Viorel, Abrg de grammaire franaise, Universitatea din Bucureti, Facultatea de Filologie, Bucureti, 1998; Gorunescu, Elena, Lexicul francez prin exerciii, Editura tiinific i Enciclopedic, Bucureti, 1984; Sara, Marcel, tefnescu, Mihai, Limba francez, curs practic, Editura Teora, Bucureti, 1999. Sur les quais de la Seine Jaime regarder de ma fentre la Seine et ses quais par ces matins dun gris tendre. Le ciel de Paris verse en ce moment une molle clart sur les hommes et les btes de la ville qui accomplissent leur tache quotidienne. Les bouquinistes dposent leurs boites sur le parapet du quai. Ces braves marchands qui vivent sans cesse dehors finissent par ressembler aux vieilles statues des cathdrales. Ils sont tous mes amis et je ne passe jamais devant leurs boites sans acheter quelques vieux livres. Je dcouvre de ma fentre cet horizon qui stend a ma gauche jusquaux collines de Chaillot; japerois lArc de Triomphe comme un de pierre, la Seine et ses ponts, les Tuileries et le Louvre; je vois a ma droite, du cote du Pont Neuf, le vieux Paris avec ses tours et ses monuments; tout cela cest ma vie, cest moi-mme, cest pourquoi jaime Paris dun immense amour. (Daprs Anatole France) GRAMMAIRE LArticle indfini : - un: pour les substantifs masculins au singulier : un garon, un homme, un livre ; - une : pour les substantifs fminins au singulier : une femme, une fillette, une classe ; - des : pour les substantifs masculins et fminins au pluriel : des garons, des hommes, des livres, des femmes, des fillettes, des classes.

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LArticle dfini : - le : pour les substantifs masculins au singulier qui commencent avec une consonne : le cahier, le livre ; - la : pour les substantifs fminins au singulier qui commencent avec une consonne : la fentre, la classe ; - l : pour les substantifs masculins ou fminins, au singulier, qui commencent avec une vocale ou h muet : lappartement, ltage, lhomme, lauto, lamie, lherbe, lhrone. Note : certains substantifs commencent avec un h aspire et emploient les articles : le, la : le hangar, le hros, la halte. - les : pour tous les substantifs masculins et fminins au pluriel : les cahiers, les livres, les appartements, les autos, les amies. Le pluriel des substantifs : Les substantifs appartenant aux deux genres forment le pluriel en ajoutant s la forme du singulier : un garon des garons une fillette des fillettes Les substantifs qui ont la terminaison s , x ou z , au singulier, prservent la mme forme au pluriel : un fils des fils un nez des nez une voix des voix Presque tous les substantifs qui ont la terminaison au , eau et eu reoivent un x au pluriel : un manteau des manteaux un jeu des jeux un bureau des bureaux Presque toutes les substantifs qui ont la terminaison al forment le pluriel en aux : un journal des journaux un cheval des chevaux Certains substantifs qui ont la terminaison en ail forment le pluriel en aux : un travail des travaux un vitrail des vitraux Certains substantifs en ou reoivent un x au pluriel : un genou des genoux un bijou des bijoux Certains substantifs on un pluriel irrgulier : le ciel les cieux me monsieur les messieurs

Exercices de grammaire 1. Remplacez les points de suspension par l article indefini qui convient: Exemple: Voila une canape tres incomode. Jai dent qui me fait mal. Ce nest pas lgant davoir ongle plus grand que les autres. Mes parents ont danse valse autrefois. Cette anne nous avons eu t et automne dtestables. Vous avez trouve pithte trs juste. Jai lu sur affiche que ce jeune romancier a crit aussi drame. Elle vient de prendre douche. Prtez-moi parapluie, sil vous plait ! Voulez-vous prendre caf ? 51

2. Mettez au pluriel les substantifs entre parenthses : Jai admire une belle collection d(ventail). Les (gouvernail) assurent la direction des navires et des avions. Les propritaires et les locataires ont signe les (bail). Les atolls sont des iles formes par des (corail). A prsent, la plupart des (travail) agricoles sont mcaniss. Thophile Gautier a crit un recueil de posies intitule : (Email) et Cames. Les (vitrail) des cathdrales gothiques sont des chefs-duvre. Les trains et les tramways roulent sur des (rail). 3. Mettez au singulier les phrases suivantes : Ce sont des tudiants de notre Universit. Voici les livres de franais. Je vois des cahiers sur les pupitres. Voila des fleurs blanches. Regardez ces voitures neuves. Les vins rouges sont recommandes par les nutritionnistes. Le prsident a visite les coles. Les avions ont dcoll. Dans leurs poches les gars ont des cigarettes. Sur les bureaux on trouve des fleurs.

VOCABULAIRE un gris tendre = un cenuiu plcut une moelle clarte = o lumin blnd bouquinistes = anticari (de cri) de de pierre = zar de piatr cest pourquoi = de aceea

Formez des propositions en employant les mots ci-dessus. LE RESUME DE LA THEME Rpondez aux questions suivantes: 1. Quelle rivire on peut voir par la fentre? 2. Que font les bouquinistes ? 3. Qui sont les amis de lcrivain ? 4. Quel horizon dcouvre lcrivain a sa gauche ? 5. Quest-ce quon peut apercevoir droite ? Pensez une ville dont vous avez visite en dcrivant vos sentiments envers cette ville-la.

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Thme no.2 UN DEJEUNER A LA FORTUNE DU POT Uniti de nvare : Lectura textului i selectarea problemelor de vocabular aferente acestuia; Verificarea comprehensiunii textului citit prin ntrebri; Introducerea unor cunotine de gramatic; Fixarea i consolidarea cunotinelor prin exerciii; Conversaie i dezbatere. Obiectivele temei: nelegerea unui text scris i asimilarea elementelor de vocabular aferente acestuia; nelegerea i asimilarea unor structuri gramaticale; formarea deprinderilor de utilizare a structurilor gramaticale i lexicale asimilate prin exerciii specifice; dezvoltarea capacitii de utilizare a structurilor gramaticale i lexicale n producerea unor enunuri coerente, prin conversaie i dezbatere. Timpul alocat temei : 2 ore Bibliografie recomandat : Cuni, Alexandra, Vian, Viorel, Abrg de grammaire franaise, Universitatea din Bucureti, Facultatea de Filologie, Bucureti, 1998; Gorunescu, Elena, Lexicul francez prin exerciii, Editura tiinific i Enciclopedic, Bucureti, 1984; Sara, Marcel, tefnescu, Mihai, Limba francez, curs practic, Editura Teora, Bucureti, 1999. Un djeuner a la fortune du pot Philippe et Jean sinstallrent prs de la fentre, devant la table ou leurs couverts taient mis. - Quallez-vous nous donner, chre Madame? demanda Jean. - Du poulet, rpondit Mme Prunet, mais comme il nest pas tout a fait a point, jai pense vous faire gouter dabord autre chose. Il sagissait dun foie de canard et dun saladier dcrevisses quelle disposa devant nous. - Si vous dsirez des sardines a lhuile, je peux envoyer la petite en chercher une boite a lpicerie qui nest pas loin. - Pour Dieu, gardez-vous-en, ma chre dame. Cest trs bien ainsi! scria Jean. Tandis que Mme Prunet se retirait, il donna un coup de coude Philippe. - Mais, les choses nont pas lair de trop mal sarranger. - En effet. Ces crevisses ne sont pas trs grosses mais elles sont bien prpares. - Quant au foie gras, dit Philippe, il est simplement merveilleux. Il y avait sur la table deux bouteilles de vin, lun blanc, lautre rouge. Jean gouta lun et a lautre. Le blanc tait lger, avec un arrire-gout de rsine qui ntait pas dsagrable. Quant au rouge, il tait un peu pais, mais plein de fraicheur. - Excellents ces hors-duvre, Madame, dit Jean a laubergiste... Mais quest-ce que vous nous apportez la? - des truites du pays, monsieur, rpondit-elle. Mon petit-neveu les a pches cette nuit. Je les avais promises quelquun des environs. Mais tant pis! - Excellente ide, ma bonne dame! Le vin blanc qui paraissait un peu faible sur les crevisses, sharmonisait fort bien avec les truites. Les deux amis navaient pas encore fini leurs truites que Mme Prunet parut sur le seuil de la porte. 53

- Quest-ce que vous avez encore la, Madame? - Des champignons. la petite vient de me les apporter. Les deux amis lui firent une ovation. - A boire, boire! cria Jean. Et ce djeuner la fortune du pot tait encore loin de dvoiler toutes ses surprises... (Daprs Pierre Benoit) GRAMMAIRE La possession : En franais, la prposition de est un moyen dexprimer la possession : Cest la maison de Mireille. Cest le frre de son mari. Remarque : - Devant les substantifs masculins qui commencent avec une consonne ou h aspire, la prposition de se combine avec larticle le et donne l forme du : Cest le cahier du professeur. Cest la fentre du hangar. - Devant les substantifs au pluriel on emploie larticle des : Ce sont les cahiers des lves. Ce sont les marteaux des ouvriers. Laccord des adjectifs : - Les adjectifs qui dterminent un substantif fminin ajoutent la terminaison -e au masculin : Un livre vert une jupe verte Un papillon bleu une blouse bleue - Les adjectifs qui se terminent en -e , au masculin, ne se changent pas au fminin : un stylo rouge une robe rouge un vlo moderne une voiture moderne - La plupart des adjectifs reoivent un -s au pluriel : Une robe jaune des robes jaunes Un arbre vert des arbres verts Lindicatif prsent des verbes de 1er groupe Presque toutes les verbes qui se terminent en -er a linfinitif sont des verbes rguliers et se conjuguent de la mme faon. Afin de conjuguer un verbe appartenant a ce groupe a lindicatif prsent, la forme affirmative, on limine la terminaison er de linfinitif et on ajoute les terminaisons suivantes : -e, -es, -e, -ons, -ez, -ent : je parle nous parlons tu parles vous parlez il/elle parle ils/elles parlent - La forme ngative de lindicatif prsent des verbes de 1er groupe est ralise avec lexpression ne pas : je ne parle pas nous ne parlons pas tu ne parle pas vous ne parlez pas il/elle ne parle pas ils/elles ne parlent pas - La forme interrogative de lindicatif prsent des verbes de 1er groupe est ralise sans inversion du sujet ou avec linversion du sujet : est-ce que je parle ?/ est-ce que tu parles ?... parles-tu ?/ parle-t-il ?... On nemploie pas la forme avec linversion du sujet dans le cas de la 1ere personne du singulier. -

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Exercices de grammaire 1. Remplacez les points de suspension par de, de l, du, de la, des: Exemple: Cest la blouse de Mireille. Cest le cahier ... lve. Cest la voiture ... Fiona. Ce sont les portes ... maison. Paris est la capitale France. Le chapeau directeur est vert. Les pupitres lves sont peints. 2. Remplacez les points de suspension par la for me correcte de ladjectif entre parenthses: Exemple : Je lui ai donne des fleurs rouges. Marion a un costume ... . (gris) Ce sont des cravates ... (noir) Mes amis ont une grande voiture ... . (blanc) Ma chambre est . (grand) Lappartement de mes voisins est . (petit) Le jardin du chteau est . (fleuri) Vois-tu ces robes ? (blanc) Donne-moi ce parapluie . (vert) 3. Mettez les verbes entre parenthses lindicatif prsent : Exemple : Nous parlons langlais. (parler) Lenfant des cerises. (manger) Cette formidable actrice trs bien. (chanter) Cet homme me depuis longtemps. (regarder) Est-ce quil encore ? (dessiner) Mes voisins n pas leurs parents. (aider) T en noir ? (habiller) 4. Traduisez en roumain : Maintenant tu as une trs belle robe noire. La fillette met les livres sur ltagre. Paul vient de chez elle. Voila, ils arrivent ! Nous sommes a cote de vous. Lenfant tombe sur la glace. As-tu des gants noirs ? La vielle femme mange des oranges. Son neveu travail dans une grande entreprise. Dis-moi que fait ton pre.

VOCABULAIRE a la fortune du pot = cu ce se gsete prin cas auberge de campagne = han de ar pas tout a fait a point = nu tocmai gata ecrevisses = raci gardez-vous-en = nu facei aa ceva truites du pays = pstrvi de prin partea locului

Formez des propositions en employant les mots ci-dessus.

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LE RESUME DE LA THEME Rpondez aux questions suivantes: 1. Ou arrivent les deux amis? 2. Est-ce quils trouvent quelque chose a manger et a boire? 3. Quelles merveilles culinaires vont-ils manger? 4. Comment sont les deux bouteilles de vin ? 5. Pourquoi font-ils une ovation ? Vous tes avec des amis dans un restaurant afin de clbrer un certain vnement. Imaginez la conversation qui a lieu entre vous.

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TEST no. 1 1. Remplacez les espaces par un article indfini: Voila ... canape tres incommode. Jai dent qui me fait mal. Ce nest pas lgant davoir ongle plus grand que les autres. Mes parents ont danse valse autrefois. Cette anne nous avons eu t et automne dtestables. Vous avez trouve pithte trs juste. Jai lu sur affiche que ce jeune romancier a crit aussi drame. Elle vient de prendre douche. Prtez/moi parapluie, sil vous plait ! Voulez-vous prendre caf ? 2. Remplacez les espaces par un article dfini ou indfini; faites les changements ncessaires: Je vais a ... poste. ... de professeur de mathmatique est vacant. Mettez ces fleurs dans ... vase. Apres linondation, la terre tait couverte de vase noirtre. mode de vie actuel a fortement influence mode vestimentaire. Cet homme a mmoire prodigieuse. Vous enverrez mmoire au ministre. Denis Papin a eu le premier lide dutiliser la fore de vapeur. vapeur est un navire mis en marche par une machine a vapeur. pendule marque les heures et les minutes. Le maon utilise pendule. tour Eiffel est une des curiosits de Paris. Nous avons fait tour de la ville et nous avons admire les nouveaux quartiers. 3. Mettez au pluriel les substantifs entre parenthses : Jai admire une belle collection d(ventail). Les (gouvernail) assurent la direction des navires et des avions. Les propritaires et les locataires ont signe les (bail). Les atolls sont des iles formes par des (corail). Dans notre pays, la plupart des (travail) agricoles sont mcaniss. Thophile Gautier a crit un recueil de posies intitule : (Email) et Cames. Les (vitrail) des cathdrales gothiques sont des chefs-duvre. Les trains et les tramways roulent sur des (rail). 4. Mettez au pluriel les mots suivants ; puis formez des courtes propositions avec ces mots : le grand portail un dtail insignifiant lventail japonais le rail du tram un corail rouge un email clatant un travail intressant un vitrail multicolore

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5. Faites laccord des adjectifs entre parenthses avec leurs substantifs: Elle ma rpondu de sa voix (doux). Merci pour cette rponse (franc). Cest une (vieux) habitude. Il se sentait la bouche (sec). Vous mavez dit des choses si (gentil)! Jai horreur des situations (faux). Il sentait grandir en lui un sentiment de scurit (irrel). Ma chre, tu as t un peu (coquet) avec lui. Les btes de la basse-cour parlaient entre elles voix (bas). Apres le diner, notre hte nous conduisit dans une vaste galerie (contigu) son cabinet. Sa (subit) absence tait (bref). 6. Mettez les verbes entre parenthses a lindicatif prsent : Lenfant des mains sales. (avoir) (Avoir) vous des gants noirs ? Le chien de mes voisins obissant (tre) Est-ce quil bien lespagnol ? (parler) (Etre) attentifs au cours ? Les travailleurs temps leur travail. (finir)

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Thme no.3 LE THEATRE Uniti de nvare : Lectura textului i selectarea problemelor de vocabular aferente acestuia; Verificarea comprehensiunii textului citit prin ntrebri; Introducerea unor cunotine de gramatic; Fixarea i consolidarea cunotinelor prin exerciii; Conversaie i dezbatere. Obiectivele temei: nelegerea unui text scris i asimilarea elementelor de vocabular aferente acestuia; nelegerea i asimilarea unor structuri gramaticale; formarea deprinderilor de utilizare a structurilor gramaticale i lexicale asimilate prin exerciii specifice; dezvoltarea capacitii de utilizare a structurilor gramaticale i lexicale n producerea unor enunuri coerente, prin conversaie i dezbatere. Timpul alocat temei : 2 ore Bibliografie recomandat : Cuni, Alexandra, Vian, Viorel, Abrg de grammaire franaise, Universitatea din Bucureti, Facultatea de Filologie, Bucureti, 1998; Gorunescu, Elena, Lexicul francez prin exerciii, Editura tiinific i Enciclopedic, Bucureti, 1984; Sara, Marcel, tefnescu, Mihai, Limba francez, curs practic, Editura Teora, Bucureti, 1999. Le Thtre Dans un beau jardin ou les rayons dun soleil automnal semblaient sattarder plaisir, sous un ciel dj verdtre ou les nuages dor flottaient comme des continents en voyage, quatre garons, las de jouer sans doute, causaient entre eux. Lun disait: Hier, on ma men au thtre. Dans des palais grands et tristes, au fond desquels on voit la mer et le ciel, des hommes et des femmes, srieux et tristes aussi, mais bien plus beaux et bien mieux habilles que ceux que nous voyons partout, parlent avec une voix chantante. Ils se menacent, ils supplient, ils se dsolent, et ils appuient souvent leur main sur un poignard enfonce dans leur ceinture. Ah! Cest bien beau! Les femmes sont bien plus belles et bien plus grandes que celles qui viennent chez nous voir a la maison, et, quoiquavec leurs grands yeux creux et leurs joues enflammes, elles aient lair terrible, on ne peut pas sempcher de les aimer. On a peur, on a envie de pleurer, et cependant, lon est content... Et puis, ce qui est plus singulier, cela donne envie dtre habille de mme, de dire et de faire les mmes choses, et de parler avec la mme voix... (Daprs Charles Baudelaire) GRAMMAIRE Les articles partitifs - On emploie les articles partitifs devant certains substantifs au singulier ; ces articles montrent une quantit non dtermine : du vin, de la viande, de lhuile. - On emploie du devant les substantifs masculin qui commencent avec une consonne : du lait, du beurre. - On emploie de la devant les substantifs fminins qui commencent avec une consonne : de la nourriture. 59

On emploie de l devant les substantifs fminins ou masculins qui commencent avec une vocale ou avec h muet : de lhuile.

Remarque : - On ne traduit pas les articles partitifs en roumain : Je prends de la bire = Servesc bere. - Les articles partitifs du, de la, de l, aussi bien que larticle indfini pluriel des sont remplaces par la prposition de dans les cas suivants : quand ils sont prcds par un mot ou une expression qui signifie la quantit : - Il mange peu de viande. quand le verbe de la proposition est au ngatif : - Elle nachte pas de farine. Le pronom indfini ON - Le pronom on est employ comme sujet et peut avoir plusieurs significations : il dsigne les gens, en gnral, ou une seule personne, non dtermine : - On frappe la porte. = Cineva bate la u. il dsigne des personnes bien dtermines, tant similaire au pronom nous : - On va au restaurant, nest-ce pas ? Bien sur, si on fait une rservation. = Mergem la restaurant, nu-i aa? - Bineneles, dac facem o rezervare. Le verbe prcd par on est toujours a la IIIme personne du singulier. Le pronom adverbial EN - Le pronom en remplace un substantif prcd par de, du, de la, des : Des cigarettes, il nen a pas. - Il est gnralement place devant le verbe. - Il na pas de correspondant en roumain. Exercices de grammaire 1. Remplacez les points de suspension par des articles partitifs : Exemple: Paul ne mange pas de viande. Ma femme mange beaucoup chocolat. Donne-lui un paquet cigarettes. Caroline viens dacheter gteaux. Ce bouquiniste vend livres anciens. Tu ne dois mettre huile dans cette salade. Je vais chez mon grand-pre prendre caf. 2. Traduisez en roumain : A Paris on parle toutes les langues. Qu-est-ce quon va boire ? On prend un autre bus, nest-ce pas ? Ou est-ce quon peut fumer ? Si on trouve des tomates fraiches, on va faire du jus. On va se lever tt ! 3. Rpondez aux questions suivantes, en employant le pronom en : Exemple : Est-ce que vous avez de la bire noire ? Oui, nous en avons. Veux-tu des raisins ? - Est-ce quil a des livres anciens ? - Elle boit beaucoup deau ? - Est-ce que tu as un crayon ? - A-t-elle faim ? - Dites-moi si tu veux du rti ? - 60

4. Traduisez en roumain : Venez-vous de chez lui ? Oui, jen viens. Est-il rentre de lUniversit ? Oui, il en est rentre. Es-tu sur de ta russite ? Oui, jen suis sur. Il stait montre fier de cette amiti. Il en parlait ses voisins. (A. Maurois) Je tai apporte des pommes. Prenez-en ! Cette fille a des amis et elle en aura toujours. As-tu recul les cartes postales ? Oui, jen ai reu une. Cest le premier pas. Il en reste combien ? (J. Giraudoux). Et des malades, vous en avez beaucoup ? (J. Romains) Cette chambre tait plus obscure encore, le lit en occupait le fond. (A. Gide)

VOCABULAIRE verdtre = verzui cest bien beau = este foarte frumos yeux creux = ochi dui n fundul capului de meme = la fel las de jouer = stui de joac menacer = a amenina

Formez des propositions en employant les mots ci-dessus. LE RESUME DE LA THEME Rpondez aux questions suivantes: 1. Ou se trouvent les quatre garons ? 2. Comment dcrie lenfant ce quil a vu ? 3. De quelle manire parle-t-il des hommes et des femmes qui se trouvent la ? Aimez-vous allez au thtre ? Pourquoi ? Motivez votre rponse.

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Thme no. 4 LA NAISSANCE DE PARIS Uniti de nvare : Lectura textului i selectarea problemelor de vocabular aferente acestuia; Verificarea comprehensiunii textului citit prin ntrebri; Introducerea unor cunotine de gramatic; Fixarea i consolidarea cunotinelor prin exerciii; Conversaie i dezbatere. Obiectivele temei: nelegerea unui text scris i asimilarea elementelor de vocabular aferente acestuia; nelegerea i asimilarea unor structuri gramaticale; formarea deprinderilor de utilizare a structurilor gramaticale i lexicale asimilate prin exerciii specifice; dezvoltarea capacitii de utilizare a structurilor gramaticale i lexicale n producerea unor enunuri coerente, prin conversaie i dezbatere. Timpul alocat temei : 2 ore Bibliografie recomandat : Cuni, Alexandra, Vian, Viorel, Abrg de grammaire franaise, Universitatea din Bucureti, Facultatea de Filologie, Bucureti, 1998; Gorunescu, Elena, Lexicul francez prin exerciii, Editura tiinific i Enciclopedic, Bucureti, 1984; Sara, Marcel, tefnescu, Mihai, Limba francez, curs practic, Editura Teora, Bucureti, 1999. La naissance de Paris Cest Jules Csar qui a signe lacte de naissance de Lutce, premier nom de Paris. Dans son Commentaires de la Guerre des Gaules il indique quil y a campe en lan 53 avant notre re. On appelait Lutce un village de pcheurs et de mariniers, a labri des fauves et des pirates, dans une ile basse du fleuve qui tait beaucoup plus large que de nos jours. La situation de cette ile entoure de forets et de collines tait favorable au dveloppement de la ville. Apres quelques escarmouches, une garnison romaine sinstalle en ce site, favorise par la nature, et consolide la route dOrlans Senlis qui traversait le courant a lile de la Cite. Cela contribue lextension rapide de la nouvelle bourgade. Peu peu, le nom de Lutce est remplace par celui des ses habitants, les Parisii. Les chausses se lancent vers les cites voisines, les routes se multiplient et bientt des monuments naissent le long des artres. On lve un grand temple la hauteur de lactuelle rue Soufflot, un thtre prs de lactuelle rue Racine, des arnes, contenant dix mille places, prs de la rue Monge, des Thermes contre le Muse de Cluny. Les murailles antiques des Thermes et les magnifiques collections du Muse de Cluny forment un ensemble de haut intrt. Dans la Cite slevaient le palais du gouverneur romain, la ou se dresse a prsent le Palais de justice, et un temple de Jupiter a lemplacement de Notre-Dame. (Daprs R. Villefosse)

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GRAMMAIRE Les pronoms personnels complments directs - Les pronoms personnels complments directs de la IIIme personne ont des formes similaires aux articles dfinis : Le - pour les substantifs masculins au singulier : Je vois Claude. Je le vois. La pour les substantifs fminins au singulier : Je vois Irne. Je la vois. Les pour les substantifs masculins ou fminins au pluriel : Je vois Claude et Irne. Je les vois. L devant un mot qui commence avec une vocale ou h muet, les pronoms le et la perdent la vocale qui est remplace par un apostrophe : Elle laime. - Les pronoms complments directs sont gnralement places devant le verbe : Je les aperois. Je ne les aperois pas. Les pronoms accentus Les formes des pronoms accentus sont les suivants : moi. toi, lui, elle, nous, vous, eux, elles. - Ils sont utiliss dans les circonstances suivantes : dans les propositions o le verbe est sous-entendu : Qui me parle ? Moi. Toi ici ! aprs une prposition : Janine pense lui. Le professeur vient chez moi. quand on insiste sur le sujet : Eux, ils jouent au piano. Remarque : Ces pronoms, prcds par la prposition a , peuvent exprimer la possession : Ce manteau est a elle = Cest son manteau. Ces chaussures sont eux. = Ce sont leurs chaussures. Les adjectifs interrogatifs et exclamatifs Singulier Pluriel Masculin Quel Quels Fminin Quelle Quelles -

Ces adjectifs sont utilises dans les propositions interrogatives ou exclamatives et font laccord avec les substantifs : Quelle belle photo ! Quel homme mchant ! Quelles chansons prfrez-vous ? Quels vins buvez-vous ? Exercices de grammaire Rpondez aux questions suivantes par une proposition affirmative, en employant des pronoms personnels complments directs : Exemple: Est-ce quil boit ce caf ? Oui, il le boit. Tu vas rencontrer son amie ? Est-ce quils aiment les voitures neuves ? Quand il vient chez toi, il tembrasse ? Est-ce que tu vois mes parents parmi eux ? Est-ce quelle nous regarde ? Il attend sa femme ? 63 1.

2. Remplacez les mots souligns par des pronoms accentues : Exemple : Je parle mon mari. Je lui parle. Il va avec ses copains en France. Madame Boucher part ce matin chez sa fille. Le docteur pense ses malades. Le metteur en scne parle avec les deux filles. 3. Remplacez les espaces par des adjectifs interrogatifs et exclamatifs : Exemple : Quel parfum clatant ! voiture veux-tu acheter ? est votre programme pour demain ? bonbons dlicieux ! ge a-t-il ? est ton livre prfre ? mdicaments prenez-vous ? 4. Traduisez en roumain : Prends ces bieres et offre-les a tes amis ! Montrez lui votre colier ! Ne les cherchez pas ! Il veut la voir. Je ne le vois pas sortir. Attends mois devant ta maison ! Daniel, lave toi les mains ! Quels jardins magnifiques ! Quel manteau rigolo ! Quelles voitures chres !

VOCABULAIRE escarmouche = ncierare murailles = ziduri en ce site = n acest loc bourgade = trguor peu peu = ncetul cu ncetul a lemplacement = pe locul

Formez des propositions en employant les mots ci-dessus. LE RESUME DE LA THEME Rpondez aux questions suivantes: 1. Qui a signe lacte de naissance de Lutce ? 2. Ou tait situe Lutce ? 3. Qui consolide la route dOrlans ? 4. Que naissent le long des artres ? 5. Qu-est-ce quon pouvait admirer dans la Cite ? Avez-vous une personnalit appartenant lhistoire dont vous admirez ? Nommez-la et dcrivez-la !

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TEST No. 2 1. Remplacez les espaces suivants par des articles partitifs : Il a achet vin. Elle aime boire bire. Lavion perd hauteur. Cette femme a argent. Vas apporter cigarettes pour lui. Lenfant a montre courage. Mon grand-pre a fivre. Jachte viande et beurre. Il y a lumire dans sa chambre. 2. Remplacez les espaces suivants par des articles partitifs : Ils nont pas achet fleurs. Elle ne porte pas gants. Cet enfant na pas audace Vous ne prenez lait quau petit djeuner. Nous navons pas eu difficults. Jaimerais manger cerises. Maman a achet caf. Marie aime lire romans. 3. Remplacez les espaces par le pronom adverbial en : Elle regrette ses amitis perdues ; elle s souvient avec nostalgie. Prends ces gants ; tu auras besoin. Cest ma vielle voiture ; je men souviendrai toujours avec fiert. Ils ont fini leur travail ; ils en sont contents. Vrifiez ce four ; je men sers tous les samedis. 4. Remplacez les espaces par le pronom indfini on et par le prsent de lindicatif des verbes entre parenthses : vous au tlphone. (demander) Aux Etats-Unis langlais. (parler) ce qu . . (faire, pouvoir) a la porte. (frapper) beaucoup toute la semaine. (travailler) 5. Remplacez les espaces par des pronoms complments : Elle donne des livres. Il regarde avec insistance. Mon cousin crit chaque semaine. Le directeur a remis une lettre. Je ai achet des blouses rouges et vertes. Je ai parle de mon voyage. Cest quils ont rencontre.

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6. Remplacez les espaces par des adjectifs interrogatifs : film avez-vous vu cette semaine ? mdecin a-t-il consulte ? est la valeur de cette uvre ? sont leurs qualits ? genre de gens viennent chez lui ? est sa plus belle chanson ?

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