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Roof

Sides

Floor

CONTENTS
CONTENTS
Reference Page Reference

BEAM UltraZED

Page

BEAM UltraZED

EAV

UltraZED Roof Purlins UltraZED Side Rails UltraBEAM Side Rails Cleader Angle Eaves Beam Compound Beam UltraBEAM Floor Beam

2-3 2-3 4-5 18 40 42 46 - 47

SIDE

PROPERTIES

SECTION

SECTION PROPERTIES

FIREWALL Firewall System 21

BEAM UltraZED

ES

EAVES Section Properties Systems Hole Configurations Cleats Strut and Bracing Load Tables 40 40 40 41 12/40/41 41

UltraBEAM

OF RO UltraZED

ROOF UltraZED Section Properties Systems Hole Configurations Cleats Rafter Stays Drifting Snow Gutter Support Strut and Bracing Purlin Ties (Anti-Sag Bars) Flat Roof <=2 Unrestrained Roof Mono-pitch Steep Roof >30 Tiled Roof Gable Cantilever Gable Terminations Cleader Angle Services Point Loads 2-3 6 7-9 10 10 11 11 12 13 13 14 14 15 16 - 17 18 18 18 19 19

COMPOUND COMPOUND UltraBEAM

COMPOUND BEAMS Section Properties Hole Configurations Systems Cleats Strut and Bracing 42 42 43 43 43

CEILING
UltraBEAM

CEILING Systems Strut and Bracing Cleats Load tables 44 44 27/48 44

FLOORS

SIDE

SIDES Section Properties Systems Firewall System Corner/Column Fillers Hole Configurations Cleats Column Stays Strut and Bracing Heavy Duty Bracing Unrestrained Vertical Cladding Parapet Cantilever Detail Horizontal Cladding Systems Panel Connection Joints Window Trimmers Door Trimmers Brickwork Restraints Load tables (Span/300) 2-5 20 21 22 23 - 26 27 27 28 - 29 30 30 31 32 - 35 32/34/35 36 - 37 38 38 39

UltraBEAM

BEAM UltraZED

FLOOR

Section Properties Systems Hole Configurations Cleats Tie Bars Masonry Connections Services Point Loads

46 - 47 45 50 48 49 51 - 52 52 52

MATERIAL WEIGHTS
BEAM UltraZED

Material weights

53

SIDE

OOF R UltraZED
t mm Thickness Wt/m kg

SECTION PROPERTIES UltraZED


AREA mm2 lxx cm4 Zxx cm3 lyy cm4 Ryy cm X Bar mm Y Bar mm Q FACTOR

SECTION Reference

145/120 145/130 145/140 145/160 145/180 145/200

1.20 1.30 1.40 1.60 1.80 2.00

2.86 3.09 3.35 3.79 4.24 4.74

365.90 396.40 426.90 487.90 548.89 609.87

119.22 129.75 139.73 161.78 183.82 204.24

16.24 17.62 18.90 21.77 24.55 27.27

26.33 28.91 31.13 37.00 42.72 47.46

2.68 2.70 2.72 2.75 2.79 2.83

1.26 1.27 1.28 1.30 1.32 1.34

1.93 1.99 2.10 2.17 2.29 2.41

0.86 0.87 0.88 0.91 0.93 0.95

170/120 170/130 170/140 170/160 170/180 170/200

1.20 1.30 1.40 1.60 1.80 2.00

3.17 3.43 3.69 4.21 4.70 5.28

408.23 442.24 476.26 544.30 612.34 680.37

182.03 197.95 213.99 246.42 279.32 310.35

21.19 22.98 24.77 28.37 31.98 35.53

32.66 35.82 39.05 45.73 52.69 58.54

2.83 2.85 2.86 2.90 2.93 2.96

1.31 1.32 1.33 1.35 1.37 1.39

1.85 1.95 2.01 2.13 2.25 2.37

0.80 0.81 0.82 0.84 0.86 0.88

200/120 200/130 200/140 200/160 200/180 200/200

1.20 1.30 1.40 1.60 1.80 2.00

3.67 3.97 4.27 4.87 5.47 6.13

459.09 497.22 535.33 611.48 687.56 763.95

274.75 297.29 319.78 364.60 409.21 454.67

27.04 29.26 31.48 35.89 40.28 44.75

38.06 41.43 44.84 51.74 58.77 65.30

2.88 2.89 2.89 2.91 2.92 2.93

1.14 1.25 1.36 1.57 1.79 2.01

1.60 1.60 1.60 1.59 1.59 1.59

0.83 0.84 0.86 0.88 0.90 0.92

225/140 225/150 225/160 225/200

1.40 1.50 1.60 2.00

4.54 4.86 5.18 6.45

570.30 610.91 651.48 813.55

422.95 452.68 482.35 600.39

37.04 39.65 42.25 52.58

44.85 48.28 51.75 65.95

2.80 2.81 2.82 2.85

1.45 1.56 1.67 2.10

1.68 1.68 1.68 1.68

0.81 0.82 0.83 0.86

255/160 255/180 255/200 255/250 255/300

1.60 1.80 2.00 2.50 3.00

5.57 6.26 7.03 8.59 10.26

699.48 786.56 873.96 1090.69 1308.00

650.62 730.58 811.76 1008.02 1209.62

50.33 56.52 62.80 77.98 93.57

51.76 58.79 65.32 84.42 101.30

2.72 2.73 2.76 2.78 2.81

1.77 1.98 2.20 2.72 3.24

1.76 1.76 1.76 1.76 1.76

0.77 0.79 0.81 0.85 0.90

285/180 285/200 285/230 285/250 285/300

1.80 2.00 2.30 2.50 3.00

6.70 7.41 8.50 9.20 11.20

840.56 933.55 1072.89 1165.69 1398.82

955.05 1059.37 1215.18 1318.61 1582.33

66.17 73.40 84.19 91.36 109.63

58.80 65.96 76.95 84.43 101.31

2.64 2.66 2.68 2.69 2.72

2.07 2.28 2.59 2.80 3.32

1.84 1.84 1.84 1.84 1.84

0.74 0.75 0.78 0.79 0.84

SIDE
B
X Bar Y Bar

UltraZED DIMENSIONS
Dim. A Dim. B Dim. C Dim. D Dim. E Dim. F Dim. G Dim. H

OOF R UltraZED

SERIES 145 170

145 145 145 145 145 145

62.5 62.5 62.5 62.5 62.5 62.5

56.5 56.5 56.5 56.5 56.5 56.5

15.5 15.5 15.5 15.5 15.5 15.5

14.0 14.0 14.0 14.0 14.0 14.0

90 90 90 90 90 90

9.75 9.75 9.75 9.75 9.75 9.75

37 37 37 37 37 37

170 170 170 170 170 170

67.5 67.5 67.5 67.5 67.5 67.5

61.5 61.5 61.5 61.5 61.5 61.5

15.5 15.5 15.5 15.5 15.5 15.5

14.0 14.0 14.0 14.0 14.0 14.0

115 115 115 115 115 115

9.75 9.75 9.75 9.75 9.75 9.75

62 62 62 62 62 62

H F G E C

200 200 200 200 200 200

76.0 76.0 76.0 76.0 76.0 76.0

71.0 71.0 71.0 71.0 71.0 71.0

18.5 18.5 18.5 18.5 18.5 18.5

17.5 17.5 17.5 17.5 17.5 17.5

100 100 100 100 100 100

13.0 13.0 13.0 13.0 13.0 13.0

50 50 50 50 50 50

ALL HOLES 14 Dia. Grade 8.8 FOR M12 BOLTS

SERIES 200 285

225 225 225 225

76.0 76.0 76.0 76.0

71.0 71.0 71.0 71.0

18.5 18.5 18.5 18.5

17.5 17.5 17.5 17.5

125 125 125 125

13.0 13.0 13.0 13.0

75 75 75 75

B D

255 255 255 255 255

76.0 76.0 76.0 76.0 76.0

71.0 71.0 71.0 71.0 71.0

18.5 18.5 18.5 18.5 18.5

17.5 17.5 17.5 17.5 17.5

155 155 155 155 155

13.0 13.0 13.0 13.0 13.0

105 105 105 105 105


Y Bar X Bar

H F

285 285 285 285 285

76.0 76.0 76.0 76.0 76.0

71.0 71.0 71.0 71.0 71.0

18.5 18.5 18.5 18.5 18.5

17.5 17.5 17.5 17.5 17.5

185 185 185 185 185

13.0 13.0 13.0 13.0 13.0

135 135 135 135 135

E C

ALL HOLES 14 Dia. Grade 8.8 FOR M12 BOLTS


PURLIN AND SIDE RAILS Quality steel to BSEN 10143: 1993 and BSEN 10147: 1992 with a minimum yield stress of 350N/mm 2. Pre-hot dipped galvanised to BSEN 10147: 1993. Coating Z275. All dimensions in mm. Drawings not to scale.

SIDE

UltraBEAM

SECTION PROPERTIES UltraBEAM


2006316 200 = DEPTH (mm ) 63 = FLANGE WIDTH (mm) 16 = THICKNESS ie 1.6mm

SECTION REFERENCE CODE EXAMPLE :-

SECTION Reference

AREA mm2

t mm Thickness

Weight kg/m

Ixx cm4

Iyy cm4

Ryy cm

Zxx cm3

Zxr cm3

XCG cm

XSG cm

Q FACTOR

1455012 1455013 1455014 1455016 1455020

317 344 371 424 530

1.20 1.30 1.40 1.60 2.00

2.49 2.70 2.91 3.33 4.16

99.49 107.70 115.90 132.10 163.87

9.47 10.23 10.98 12.44 15.27

1.73 1.72 1.72 1.71 1.70

13.68 14.80 15.92 18.14 22.47

13.12 14.44 15.70 18.06 22.47

1.39 1.39 1.40 1.40 1.41

3.24 3.23 3.22 3.20 3.17

0.87 0.90 0.92 0.95 0.99

1705012 1705013 1705014 1705016 1705018 1705020

346 376 405 463 521 565

1.20 1.30 1.40 1.60 1.80 2.00

2.72 2.95 3.18 3.64 4.09 4.55

145.15 157.18 169.21 192.99 216.50 239.73

9.95 10.74 11.53 13.07 14.57 16.04

1.70 1.70 1.69 1.68 1.67 1.66

17.02 18.43 19.83 22.61 25.35 28.05

16.37 17.97 19.57 22.52 25.32 28.04

1.28 1.28 1.28 1.29 1.29 1.30

3.06 3.05 3.04 3.03 3.01 2.99

0.80 0.83 0.85 0.88 0.91 0.94

2006312 2006313 2006314 2006316 2006318 2006320

416 452 487 558 628 698

1.20 1.30 1.40 1.60 1.80 2.00

3.27 3.55 3.83 4.38 4.93 5.48

244.43 264.86 285.18 325.54 365.49 405.04

19.00 20.54 22.06 25.07 28.03 30.92

2.14 2.13 2.13 2.12 2.11 2.10

24.38 26.41 28.43 32.44 36.40 40.32

22.00 24.45 26.94 31.66 36.05 40.18

1.65 1.65 1.65 1.66 1.66 1.66

3.87 3.87 3.86 3.84 3.83 3.81

0.78 0.81 0.84 0.88 0.92 0.94

2256314 2256316 2256318 2256320 2256325

530 607 683 759 949

1.40 1.60 1.80 2.00 2.50

4.16 4.76 5.36 5.95 7.43

385.32 439.32 494.24 604.55 680.12

24.62 27.81 31.29 33.89 42.37

2.16 2.14 2.14 2.11 2.11

34.15 38.90 43.77 48.11 60.14

32.45 37.93 43.38 48.15 60.13

1.62 1.63 1.63 1.64 1.64

3.88 3.86 3.85 3.80 3.79

0.79 0.80 0.86 0.86 0.94

2557516 2557518 2557525

691 778 1082

1.60 1.80 2.50

5.43 6.11 8.49

654.09 735.86 1014.77

44.53 50.10 68.15

2.53 2.53 2.51

51.12 57.52 79.22

49.27 55.43 79.03

1.88 1.89 1.90

4.80 4.56 4.50

0.83 0.84 0.88

2857518 2857520 2857525

831 924 1155

1.80 2.00 2.50

6.52 7.25 9.07

959.89 1065.16 1325.01

51.70 57.13 70.34

2.49 2.49 2.47

67.15 74.48 92.57

64.82 73.19 92.36

1.77 1.78 1.79

4.36 4.34 4.31

0.74 0.77 0.83

SIDE
G E C A F G E C A G E C A G E C A G E C A E

UltraBEAM DIMENSIONS

UltraBEAM

Dim. A

Dim. B

Dim. C

Dim. D

Dim. E

Dim. F

Dim. G

Dim. H

SERIES 145 - 285

D 145 145 145 145 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 75 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0 35 35 35 35 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 37 37 37 37 25 25 25 25 B H

170 170 170 170 170 170

50 50 50 50 50 50

100 100 100 100 100 100

12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0

35 35 35 35 35 35

9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0

62 62 62 62 62 62

25 25 25 25 25 25 H F

200 200 200 200 200 200

63 63 63 63 63 63

100 100 100 100 100 100

14.0 14.0 14.0 14.0 14.0 14.0

50 50 50 50 50 50

12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5

50 50 50 50 50 50

42 42 42 42 42 42 H F

D 225 225 225 225 225 63 63 63 63 63 125 125 125 125 125 14.0 14.0 14.0 14.0 14.0 50 50 50 50 50 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5 75 75 75 75 75 42 42 42 42 42 H F B

D 255 255 255 75 75 75 155 155 155 17.0 17.0 17.0 50 50 50 12.5 12.5 12.5 105 105 105 42 42 42 H F

D 285 285 285 75 75 75 185 185 185 17.0 17.0 17.0 50 50 50 12.5 12.5 12.5 135 135 135 42 42 42 H G C A F B

SIDE RAILS: Quality steel to BSEN 10143: 1993 and BSEN 10147: 1992 with a minimum yield stress of 350N/mm2. Pre-hot dipped galvanised to BSEN 10147: 1993. Coating Z275. All dimensions in mm. Drawings not to scale.

ALL HOLES 14 Dia. Grade 8.8 FOR M12 BOLTS

F O RO UltraZED
SLEEVED SYSTEM
This is the most commonly used purlin system. It provides a cost effective roofing solution to many building designs including the more complex. The sheeting line is easily varied by using a combination of Purlin depths and extended Cleats. The single spanning lengths, combined with simple fabricated Cleats, contribute to flexibility and to simplification of site handling logistics.

SYSTEMS, CONNECTIONS AND JOINT PLANS

Sleeves required at every joint on the penultimate rafter and alternate joints thereafter. Sections can be supplied as double spanning lengths if required.

DOUBLE SPANNING BUTT-JOINTED SYSTEM


If Double Spanning Purlins are preffered, this system offers the best solution. The virtual elimination of sleeves offers savings in component parts and consequently site erection time.

NO SLEEVES ARE REQUIRED


(except at alternative joints on the penultimate rafter)

Sleeves required at alternative joints on the penultimate rafter.

NON-CONTINUOUS SYSTEM
For roof structures containing short spans or no continuity of the purlin line, this system is eminently suitable. It is economic and easily detailed and allows a variety of Purlin depths to be used, either over the rafters or between rafter webs. No sleeves required with this system.

UltraLAP SYSTEM
For long spans and uncomplicated Purlin runs the UltraLAP System with shorter overlap lengths optimises the inherent strength to weight ratio of UltraZED. Easily handled single span lengths are alternatley inverted and overlapped to provide a fully continuous Purlin System which offers savings in both material and site erection time.

SLEEVELESS SYSTEM SPANS UP TO 12 METRES.

Alternate Purlins have wide and narrow flanges uppermost. Minimum number of 5 bays.

HOLE CONFIGURATIONS

F O RO UltraZED

STANDARD HOLE DETAILS - SLEEVED PURLIN SYSTEM, ALL HOLES ARE 14mm DIAMETER FOR Grade 8.8 M12 BOLTS We recommend that all bolts and washers are plated or galvanised against corrosion.

SLEEVED SYSTEM
62.5 55 37 53 30 56.5 67.5 55 62 53 30 61.5 76.0 287 287 30 237 237 30

145
3 3 53 37 55 30 237 66 600 237 30

145

PIERCING FOR PURLIN TIES AT MID-SPAN OR 38 AND 5/8 SPAN

170
53 62 55 30 287 66 700 287 30

170

200
76 50 74 30 362 362 30 74 50 76 30 362

200

71.0 76.0

66 850

362

30

225
76 74 75 76 30 427 427 30 30 427 427 30 75 74

225

71.0 76.0

66 980

255
76 74 105 76 30 487 487 30 30 487 487 30

255 105 74

71.0 76.0

66 1100

285
76 74 135 76 30 512 512 30 30 512 66 1150 512 30

285 135 74

71.0

Overall length of Purlins equals the span less 6mm in every case

Extensive research and d e v e l o p ment went into the sleeve design, ensuring correct behaviour under all load conditions whilst remaining simple in use. Te s t s p r o v e d t h a t t h e s l e e v e p r o file, section lengths and hole configuration employed in the final design satisfy these parameters fully.

30

Wi

de

Fla

ng

e
30

6mm Gap

Na

UP SLOPE
30

rro

Fla

ng

e
66

60 Leng 0t o 1 th 15 0

30

F O RO UltraZED
3

HOLE CONFIGURATIONS

DOUBLE SPANNING BUTT-JOINTED

ALL HOLES ARE 14mm DIAMETER FOR Grade 8.8 M12 BOLTS
3 SPAN SPAN

CLEATS

145

55 37 53 30 PIERCING FOR PURLIN TIES AT MID SPAN 66 30

145
66

22 max. 37 60 min.

170

55 62 53

170

22 max. 62 60 min.

200

76 50 74

22 max. 50

200

82 min.

76

225

75 74

22 max. 75

225

82 min.

76

22 max. 105

255

105 74

255

82 min.

76

22 max. 135

285

135 74 30 30 66 LENGTH OF PURLIN = SPAN + SPAN LESS 6mm 66

285

82 min.

WHERE SLEEVE CONNECTIONS ARE REQUIRED, PLEASE SEE PAGE 7

NON - CONTINUOUS
55 37 53 30 22 max. 37 60 min. 66 22 max. 62 60 min.

145

145
PIERCING FOR PURLIN TIES AT MID-SPAN OR 38 AND 58 SPANS IF REQUIRED
30

170

55 62 53

170

200

76 50 74

22 max. 50

200

82 min.

76

225

75 74

22 max. 75

225

82 min.

76 22 max.

255

105 74

105

255

82 min.

76

22 max. 135

285

135 74 30 30 66

285

82 min.

UltraLAP HOLE CONFIGURATIONS


UltraLAP SYSTEM
The UltraLAP System uses Purlins which are alternately inverted, nested together and overlapped to form a continuous beam. The overlaps ensure that a double thickness of material is available to counter high bending moments at the supports. The length of overlap is fixed so that it extends either side of the rafter support to where the m a x imum internal moment is approximately equal to half the support moment. In the End Bay, where the bending moments are at their greatest, the Purlin is of thicker section and the overlap into the penultimate bay is made longer. Minimum number of bays = 5.

F O RO UltraZED
UP SLOPE

UltraLAP SYSTEM DIMENSIONS (millimetres).


Rafter Rafter O/A Length : span + dim. G + overhang Span Wide Flange C G F 30
C B D

C Rafter C O/A Length : span + 30 + dim. H Span Wide Flange A E H E 30

Variable overhang

PENULTIMATE BAY PURLIN


Narrow Flange

30

E 30
D B C

INNER BAY PURLIN

END BAY PURLIN

30

Span O/A Length : span + 30 + dim. H H

ALL HOLES 14mm DIAMETER FOR Grade 8.8 M12 BOLTS

SECTION Reference 145 170 200 225 255 285

Dim A 145 170 200 225 255 285

Dim B 37 62 50 75 105 135

Dim C 55 55 76 76 76 76

Dim D 53 53 74 74 74 74

Dim E 460 500 560 630 700 770

Dim F 700 750 840 940 1050 1150

Dim G 730 780 870 970 1080 1180

Dim H 950 1030 1150 1290 1430 1570

MAX. SPAN 6500 7200 8000 9000 10,000 12,000

10

F O RO UltraZED
UltraZED RW and RB Series profiled Rafter Cleats have 6 No. x 14mm holes in their face and are common to all Purlin Systems including UltraLAP. RW series Cleats are available mill finished for welding onto steelwork. RB series cleats are galvanised finished and supplied with a fabricated base containing 2 No. x 18mm holes for mechanical fixing. For roof construction where high down slope loads may be encountered Cleats should be checked for suitability and reinforced if required. Customers wishing to fabricate their own cleats should ensure their design satisfies the load requirements and the maximum top edge to top hole dimension of 22mm is not exceeded otherwise the cleat will foul the web stiffening element of UltraZED.

RAFTER CLEATS AND RESTRAINTS

22 A

B D

C L
C 66 25 C 45 25 100

66 30 40

100

RW SERIES
Ref. RW145 RW170 RW200 RW225 RW255 RW285 A 37 62 50 75 105 135 B 60 60 82 82 82 82 THK. C Mcx. kNm 4 4 6 6 8 10 0.93 0.93 1.13 1.13 1.23 1.32

RB SERIES
Ref. RB145 RB170 RB200 RB225 RB255 RB285 A 37 62 50 75 105 135 B 60 60 82 82 82 82 THK. C 4 4 6 6 8 10 THK. D 6 6 8 8 8 10 Mcx. kNm 0.93 0.93 1.13 1.13 1.23 1.32

RAFTER RESTRAINTS
Rafter and Column Stays are manufactured from pre-galvanised cold roll-formed 45 x 45 x 2.5mm steel angle, cut and pierced to accept M12 bolts to customer requirements.

Dim. A V Dim. B X X Dim. A

U Dim. B = 24mm Standard Back Mark

X t

Overall Length 30 45 20 45

Dim. A (mm) 45 45 70 70

t (mm) 1.6 2.5 1.6 2.5

WEIGHT kg/m 1.06 1.68 1.73 2.70

lxx/lyy cm4 2.86 4.29 11.01 16.86

lvv cm4 1.12 1.80 4.34 6.63

luu cm4 4.61 6.90 17.68 27.09

Zxx/Zyy cm3 0.82 1.23 2.02 3.18

DRIFTING SNOW, EAVES AND GUTTER DETAILS


DRIFTING SNOW CONDITIONS

F O RO UltraZED

11

1. INTERNAL GUTTER DETAIL


BS 6399 : Part 3 1988 defines the snow load parameters on roofs from snow drifting against vertical obstructions and in valleys. The high design loads as determined by the code can be accommodated by either closing the Purlin spacing in the relevant area or by selecting Purlin sections appropriate to the load conditions.

Eaves Brace
We recommend that our computer software is used to satisfy the criteria of BS 6399 : Part 3 1988.

Eaves Brace Bracket

USE OF EAVES BEAMS TO SUPPORT GUTTERS


Where cold rolled Eaves Beams are required to support gutters we recommend that consideration is given to the high imposed loads often inherent of gutter systems and the effect these may have on the stability and integrity of the Eaves Beam and its associated component parts. Particular attention should be given to the bracing requirements and we would recommend consultation with our Technical Department.

2. EXTERNAL GUTTER DETAIL

Eaves Brace Eaves Brace Bracket

N.B. See Pages 40 and 41 for details of bolt fixing when flush bolt heads are desirable on Eaves Beam.

USE OF PURLINS TO SUPPORT GUTTERS


Where gutters are supported from Purlins by the use of gutter straps, the Purlin should be restrained against twist by the additional use of Eaves Braces or SRS Type Struts. Restraints should be such that the maximum unrestrained length of Purlin does not exceed 2.5 metres. SRS Type Struts should be used where no suitable eaves member is available. Diagram 3 illustrates a possible solution to a hidden gutter detail where restraint to the outboard line of Purlins is difficult to achieve.

3. EAVES DETAIL

Pressed Steel Gutter

SRS Strut Compound Beam Brace SRS Strut

12

F O RO UltraZED

ROOF STRUT AND BRACING

Roof Purlin behaviour is dependant upon a number of inter-relating factors such as that of Purlin stiffness, neutral axis to roof slope, the Purlin span, length of roof slope, Eaves/Apex conditions, Cladding Type and the fixing methods employed. The following recommendations are based on best practice methodology. Determine requirements by:CLADDING TYPE table below is for Screw Fixed Cladding only, see pages 13 - 17 for other cladding types. ROOF SLOPE <=2 (see also page 13), >2 - <=5 and >5 - <=30. PURLIN SPAN guide caters for all spans and all Purlin Systems. EAVES CONDITION whether an Eaves Beam member is available to support Purlins. PURLIN TIES determined by Wind Uplift requirements and inclusion recommendations on page 13. LENGTH OF ROOF SLOPE - additional Bracing requirements for long roof slopes. APEX CONDITION Apex Struts and Ties inclusion is as tabulated in the guide below and is independant of Purlin Tie requirements.

ROOF PURLIN STRUT AND BRACING REQUIREMENTS


PURLIN SPAN m STRUT REQUIREMENT WITH EAVES MEMBER STRUT REQUIREMENT NO EAVES MEMBER PURLIN TIES (See page 13) LENGTH OF ROOF SLOPE BETWEEN DIA. BRACING CONDITION AT APEX

ROOF SLOPE < = 2 (Screw Fixed Metal Deck Roof Only) :- See also page 13 for Flat Roof Construction. < = 5 metres > 5 m - < = 7.5 m > 7.5 metres 1 Eaves Brace (Fig. 1) 2 Eaves Brace (Fig. 2) 3 Eaves Brace (Fig. 3) 1 SRS Type Strut (Fig. 5) 2 SRS Type Strut + XX DTW (Fig. 9) 3 SRS Type Strut + XX DTW (Fig. 10) 0-1 1-2 2 (SRS > 10m) XX DTW at 20 metres max. XX DTW at 20 metres max. XX DTW at 15 metres max. 1 x Apex Strut 2 x Apex Strut 3 x Apex Strut

ROOF SLOPE > 2 - < = 5 (Screw Fixed Metal Deck Roof Only) :- See also page 14 for Unrestrained Roof Construction. < = 6.1 metres > 6.1 m - < = 7.6 m > 7.6 m - < = 9 m >9m 1 Eaves Brace (Fig. 1) 2 Eaves Brace (Fig. 2) 3 Eaves Brace (Fig. 3) 3 Eaves Brace (Fig. 3) (> 9 M include XX DTW with Cold Rolled Eaves Beam Fig. 4) 1 SRS Type Strut + XX DTW (Fig. 8) 2 SRS Type Strut + XX DTW (Fig. 9) 2 SRS Type Strut + XX DTW (Fig. 9) 3 SRS Type Strut + XX DTW (Fig. 10) 0-1 0-1 1-2 1 - 2 (SRS > 10m) XX DTW at 20 metres max. XX DTW at 15 metres max. XX DTW at 15 metres max. XX DTW at 15 metres max. 1x 2x 2x 2x Apex Tie Apex Tie Apex Tie Apex Strut

ROOF SLOPE > 5 - < = 30 (Screw Fixed Roof Only) :- See also pages 15, 16 and 17 for Steep Roofs and Tiled Roof Construction. < = 6.1 metres > 6.1 m - < = 10 m > 10 metres 1 Eaves Brace (Fig. 1) 2 Eaves Brace (Fig. 2) 3 Eaves Brace (Fig. 3) (>10m include DTW with Cold Rolled Eaves Beam) 1 SRS Type Strut + DTW (Fig. 5) 2 SRS Type Strut + DTW (Fig. 6) 3 SRS Type Strut + DTW (Fig. 7) 0-1 0-2 2 (SRS) DTW at 20 metres max. DTW at 20 metres max. DTW at 15 metres max. 1 x Apex Tie 1 or 2 Apex Tie 2 x Apex Strut

For other roofing types see:-

Flat Roofs Page 13. Unrestrained Roofs Page 14. Steep Roofs over 30 Page 15. Tiled Roof + Metal Tray Page 16. Tiled Roof with Timber Jack Rafters Page 17. Note:- For roof conditions not listed please contact our Technical Department.
2nd Purlin row

KEY: < Less than <= Less than or equal to > Greater than DTW XX DTW SRS Type Strut Eaves Brace Apex Strut Apex Tie

Diagonal Tie Wire (Page 29) Crossed DTW Assemblies (Page 29) (Page 40) (Page 17) (Page 13)

1.
1st Purlin row Eaves Member

2.

3.

4.

= 5.

3/8

5/8

1/4

1/2

3/4

1/4

1/2

3/4

6.
2nd Purlin row 1st Purlin row 2nd Purlin row 1st Purlin row

7.

3/8

5/8

1/4

1/2

3/4

8.
2nd Purlin row 1st Purlin row

9.
2nd Purlin row 1st Purlin row

10.

3/8

5/8

1/4

1/2

3/4

PURLIN TIES AND FLAT ROOF CONSTRUCTION


PURLIN TIES
Purlin Ties (anti sag bars) perform two functions:1. To control rotation of the Purlin during wind uplift conditions. 2. To steady the Purlin during sheeting of large spans and/or where heavy cladding is used. Our Purlin and Apex Ties are manufactured from cold roll-formed pre-galvanised Steel Channel fitted with corrosion resistant retaining springs combining positive location with ease of use. PURLIN TIE ORIENTATION is dependent upon the method of cladding attachment. See drawing. For Strut and Bracing requirements at Eaves, in long roof slopes and at the Apex see page 12 opposite. Purlin Wind Uplift Capacity is determined by the number of Purlin Ties used per span and the ultimate load capacities are as shown in the published load tables or defined by our computer software. However, the following table gives guidance to the inclusion of Purlin Ties whatever the wind uplift condition. Alternatively, or in addition to the following, it may be that temporary propping/spacing of Purlins is required during the sheeting of the roof. FOR PURLIN WIND UPLIFT CAPACITIES SEE LOAD TABLES OR OUR COMPUTER SOFTWARE.

F O RO UltraZED
Std 14mm Holes

13

Push Fit

30

Purlin Centres

1.6

12

Dim. A. Two sizes of Channel are used and the correct size is supplied dependent upon the working centres. FOR SPANS > 10m USE SRS TYPE STRUTS

RECOMMENDED PURLIN TIE INCLUSION >.2 - <30 SCREW FIXED DECKING Section Sleeved, Double Spanning, UltraLAP Ref. Non-continuous & UltraLAP End Bay Inner bay Max Recommended span Max Recommended span without Purlin Ties without Purlin Ties 145 6.1 metres 6.5 metres 170 6.5 metres 6.8 metres 200 6.8 metres 7.1 metres 225 7.1 metres 7.6 metres 255-285 7.6 metres 7.6 metres (> 10m SRS) (> 10m SRS) For Fibre Cement sheeting the inclusion of Purlin Ties is advised on spans > 5m.

PURLIN/APEX TIE ORIENTATION


Screw Fixed Cladding

NB:-Reverse Purlin/Apex Tie orientation for Hook Bolt Fixed Cladding

FLAT ROOF < = 2

Purlin Ties (anti-sag bars)

For Eaves conditions see Page 12.

2. 1.
For alternative Flat Roof Construction the UltraBEAM Floor Construction method may be considered.

CLEAT LOCATIONS
A = Required Purlin centres PLUS one Purlin top flange width. B = Required Purlin centres LESS one Purlin top flange width.

PLEASE NOTE: There is a risk of ponding on very shallow roof designs. Some proprietary decking have low deflection tolerances. If specifying cladding which provides little or no restraint to Purlins then refer to Unrestrained Roof Construction page 14. 1. Fix the Purlins as described for the more usual roof slopes, but exercise caution when laying the roof deck and make sure that the roof Purlins are normal to the roof slope before fixing the decking to them. This can be achieved by using Purlin Ties on all spans in excess of 5 metres and/or by inserting suitable temporary supports until restraint is provided by the roof deck.

The above formulas place the top flange centre line of each Purlin equidistant. When Purlins are used in this manner, no Eaves restraint is necessary.

2. For built up roof design using multi-spanning decking, our solution requires that the Purlins are fixed as opposing pairs and restrained by using supports bolted between Purlin pairs. Diagram 2 illustrates this method. We recommend that the supports are used on all Purlin spans exceeding 5 metres. This ensures that a stable working platform has been constructed and eliminates the need for eaves restraint.

14

F O RO UltraZED
UNRESTRAINED ROOF CONSTRUCTION

UNRESTRAINED AND MONO-PITCH ROOF CONSTRUCTION

Standing seam decking or decking which is deemed to afford little or no restraint to the Purlin top flange requires special consideration. To d e t e r m i n e t h e o p t i m u m Purlin section our computer software should be used which takes into account the buckling resistance for the unrestrained Purlin section. Alternatively the published load tables may be utilised, providing SRS Type Struts are included, so that the maximum unrestrained distance between Struts does not exceed 2000mm - Ultimate Wind Uplift Values are as for Ultimate Down load in this situation. Note:- Where screw fixed rigid liner tray of a thickness greater than 0.3mm (Steel) or 0.5mm (Aluminium) is utilised the Purlin may be designed as fully restrained.

Eaves Brace

SRS TYPE STRUT ASSEMBLY 45 x 45 x 2.5

For Strut requirements see text opposite.

MONO-PITCH ROOFS < = 5


STRUT AND BRACING When using UltraZED Purlins in mono-pitch roof design where the roof slope is 5 or less the Strut and bracing requirements for the eaves condition are as outlined on page 12.

MONO-PITCH ROOFS > 5


When using UltraZED Purlins in monopitch roof design where the roof slope is greater than 5, one of the details shown in this diagram should be used. Eaves Brace required with cold rolled Eaves Beam

Eaves Brace or 12mm Screwed Rod EXAMPLE A Shows the recommended method of restraint when a structural ridge member is available.

A
Purlin Ties (if required).

EXAMPLE B Displays the alternative method when no suitable support lends itself. PURLIN TIES The parameters governing the inclusion and use of Purlin Ties in mono-pitch roofs is the same as outlined on page 13.

B
Side Rail Support & Diagonal Tie Wires

Tubular Strut or 12mm Screwed Rod in lieu of Purlin Tie (if required).

STEEP ROOF DESIGN OVER 30


STEEP ROOF DESIGN >30
When considering roof design with slopes >30 consideration to the Strut requirements should be given, with particular emphasis on the condition at the bottom of the roof slope as outlined below. For Tiled Roof Construction using Metal Deck and Tiles or Timber Jack Rafters and Tiles see page 16-17. For Purlin selection our computer software should be used or contact our Technical Department for assistance.

F O RO UltraZED
Angled Eaves Beam

15

UltraZED Purlins

UltraBEAM Soffit Rails

Gutter Support (See Note: page 11).

65 Max.

CLADDING TYPE:- Scr.:- SCREW FIXED METAL CLADDING. Unr:- UNRESTRAINED CLADDING* (SEE NOTE AT FOOT OF PAGE). Roof Slope >30 - < = 45 Cladding Type Scr. Scr. Scr. Span Metres <=6.1 >6.1 - <=9 >9 Strut Type SRS SRS SRS Max. Strut Length 2500mm 2500mm 2500mm No. Struts per Span 1 2 at 13 span 3 at 14 span

Comments Use DTW Assemblies at bottom of roof slope and at max. 10m spacings up roof slope. For 255 and 285 section use HD Type Struts in conjunction with DTW Assemblies** SRS Type Struts may be used throughout the remainder of the roof construction. Use HD-DTB and HD Type Struts at bottom of roof slope and at max. 10m spacings up roof slope. SRS Type Struts may be used throughout the remainder of the roof construction.** Use DTW Assemblies at bottom of roof slope and at Max. 10m spacings up roof slope. For 255 and 285 section use HD Type Struts in conjunction with DTW assemblies.** SRS Type Struts may be used throughout the remainder of the roof construction. Use SRS Type Strut for 145-225 section. Use HD Type Strut for 255 & 285 section. For all sections use HD-DTB and HD Type Struts at bottom of roof slope and additional HD-DTBs at max. distance up roof slope as follows:Span < = 6.1m - max distance up roof slope 8m. Span > 6.1m-< = 9m - max distance up roof slope 7m. Span > 9m - max distance up roof slope 6m.

>30 - < = 45

Unr. Unr. Unr. Scr. Scr. Scr.

<=6.1 >6.1 - <=9 >9 <=6.1 >6.1 - <=9 >9

SRS SRS SRS SRS SRS SRS

2500mm 2500mm 2500mm 2500mm 2500mm 2500mm

1 2 at 13 span 3 at 14 span 1 2 at 13 span 3 at 14 span

>45 - <65

>45 - <65

Unr. Unr. Unr.

<=6.1 >6.1 - <=9 >9

See comments opp.

2500mm 2500mm 2500mm

1 2 at 13 span 3 at 14 span

Key: < Less than <= Less than or equal to > Greater than

*NB. If unrestrained cladding is used on roof slope greater than 10 consideration to possible slippage of the cladding down the roof slope may be required. If this is the case the bottom of the cladding may require propping against a Ledger Angle or similar as shown for Vertical Clip Fixed Cladding on page 28 of our Systems Manual. Contact our Technical Department for further assistance. ** See explanatory note at bottom of table 1. page 28.

16

F O RO UltraZED
UltraZED PURLINS FOR TILED ROOFS

TILED ROOF CONSTRUCTION

The rigid character and inherent strength to weight ratio of UltraZED Purlins make them eminently suitable for cost effective inclusion in tiled roof construction which is often found in high status structures such as Schools, Hospitals and Retail developments.

Timber Jack Rafters

TILES OVER STEEL DECK


Tiles and timber battens together with steel decking screw fixed to the Purlins affords a roof diaphragm which requires only the use of our push fit Purlin Ties (see page 13) on roof slopes up to 25 or SRS Type Struts over 25 as follows. < = 25 1 number Purlin Tie <6.1m span 2 number Purlin Ties >6.1m - <9m span >25 <65 1 number SRS Type Strut <6.1m span 2 number SRS Type Struts >6.1m - <9m span (3/8 and 5/8 span) Timber Jack Rafters

45 x 45 x 2.5mm angle fixed to the standard Purlin gauge lines

TILES OVER STEEL DECK CONDITION AT EAVES


The first Purlin must be :1. Braced against a suitable structural Eaves Beam member (>30 NOT COLD ROLLED SECTION). or 2. Diagonal Tie Wire assemblies should be fitted between the first and second rows of Purlins, see page 12 for Strut and Bracing requirements at Eaves. ADDITIONAL TIE WIRE BRACING In both of the above cases additional Ti e W i r e A s s e m b l i e s s h o u l d b e i n c l u ded so that the maximum length of roof between bracing does not exceed 15 metres.

Channel Cleat fixed with self-tapping screws. (Supplied by others). Alternative 45x45x2.5mm angle fixed to STD gauge

TILES OVER STEEL DECK PURLIN SELECTION


We recommend the use of our computer software to select the optimum UltraZED section. However the published load tables within this systems manual may be used for this type of roof construction up to 25 roof slope. Angle Tie (by others)

Key: < Less than <= Less than or equal to > Greater than

m 00m

max

TIMBER JACK RAFTER-CONDITION AT APEX

TILED ROOF CONSTRUCTION

F O RO UltraZED

17

TIMBER JACK RAFTERS FIXED DIRECTLY TO UltraZED PURLINS


The abnormal forces imposed upon roof Purlins by this method of Tiled Roof Construction requires special consideration and demands adequate restraining methods are employed.

ALL ROOF SLOPES TIMBER JACK RAFTERS


RAFTER CONDITION AT ROOF APEX Timber Jack Rafters must be securely fastened together over the Roof Apex so that any propensity for loaded rafters to pull apart at the apex is resisted. APEX CONNECTION FOR PURLINS Purlins must be tied together over the apex using an Apex Strut as shown in Fig.1. and positioned so that the top Purlins are no more than 600mm from the apex. CLEATS Stiffened Rafter Cleats should be used on all roof slopes over 30. For slopes under 30 Standard Cleats should be checked for suitability of use.

UltraBEAM Section Strut

Fig. 1. APEX STRUT

AM aBE trut r t l U S tion Sec

Fig. 2. HEAVY DUTY EAVES BRACE

ROOF SLOPES <30 - TIMBER JACK RAFTERS


EAVES CONDITION 1. STRUCTURAL EAVES MEMBER (NOT COLD ROLLED SECTION) At the bottom of the roof slope a Heavy Duty Eaves Brace as detailed in Fig. 2. should be fitted between the structural eaves member and the first Purlin. 2. COLD ROLLED EAVES BEAM At the bottom of the roof slope the Eaves Beam must be connected to the first Purlin by an Eaves Brace as detailed on page 41. Between the first and second rows of Purlins, Diagonal Tie Wire Assemblies should be incorporated in conjunction with SRS Type Struts for 145 - 225 section or in conjunction with Heavy Duty Type Struts when using 255 or 285 section. 3. NO EAVES MEMBER At the bottom of the roof slope between the first and second row of Purlins, Diagonal Tie Wire Assemblies should be fitted in conjunction with SRS Type Struts for 145 225 section or in conjunction with Heavy Duty Type Struts when using 255 or 285 section. ADDITIONAL BRACING REQUIREMENTS On long roof slopes in all of the proceeding cases 1 to 3, additional Tie Wire Assemblies are required so that the distance between bracing methods does not exceed 6 metres. STRUT TYPES In addition to the proceeding requirements SRS Type Struts are required between Purlins at maximum Strut length of 2000mm. PURLIN SELECTION Purlin selection should be made using our computer software or alternatively by consultation with our Technical Department. Providing the maximum length of unrestrained Purlin between Struts does not exceed 2 metres the published load tables may be used. Deflection should be checked to ensure that it does not exceed SPAN/300 under maximum design load using the following formulae:-

Sleeve system:

3WL3 384EI

Double Span: 1WL3 E=205 kN/mm2 185EI I = Ixx cm4 Non-continuous: 5WL3 384EI

ROOF SLOPES >30 MANSARD AND MONO-PITCH - TIMBER JACK RAFTERS


EAVES CONDITION 1. STRUCTURAL EAVES MEMBER (NOT COLD ROLLED SECTION) At the bottom of the roof slope a Heavy D u t y Eaves Brace, as shown in Fig.2. or similar (by others), should be fitted between the structural Eaves Member and the first Purlin. 2. NO EAVES MEMBER At the bottom of the roof slope between the first and second row of Purlins Heavy Duty Diagonal Tie Assemblies and Heavy Duty Type Struts should be fitted. ADDITIONAL BRACING REQUIREMENTS On long roof slopes in the proceeding cases 1 and 2, additional Heavy Duty Tie Bar Assemblies are required so that the distance between bracing methods does not exceed 3.6 metres. STRUT TYPES When used in conjunction with Heavy Duty Diagonal Tie Bar Assemblies Heavy Duty Type Struts must be used. For 145 - 225 section the SRS Type Strut may be utilised throughout the remainder of the roof construction. For 255 and 285 section Heavy Duty Type Struts must be u s e d t h r o u g h o u t the entire roof construction. Maximum length of Strut for roof slopes over 30 is 1800mm. PURLIN DESIGN In most cases of tiled roof design the Purlin section is subjected to high down slope loads causing bi-axial loading to the section. Purlin selection should be made using our computer software or by consultation with our Technical Department.

18

F O RO UltraZED
CANTILEVER DETAILS

GABLE END, CANTILEVER AND CLEADER ANGLE

It is possible to cantilever UItraZED Purlins over the gable frame to form a canopy detail providing the following design criteria is adhered to:Purlins should be installed in one continuous length encompassing the penultimate and/or the end bay together with the required overhang and the sheeting must provide full lateral restraint to the Purlin section. It is necessary for the cantilever ends of the Purlin to be restrained against rotation and movement, this is achieved by;1. Fixing Cleader Angle to the top and bottom flanges at the end of the overhang and over the apex. OR 2. Where the cladding does not require cleader a SRS Type Strut should be fitted between Purlins at the end of the overhang and tied over the apex. In both cases if the roof slope exceeds 30 or is of mono-pitch construction a Diagonal Tie Wire Assembly should be used to prohibit down slope movement. DEFLECTION The published load tables limit deflection to not more than SPAN/180 as a consequence the cantilever deflection should also reflect this limitation. The overhang length therefore should be no more than 25% of its backing span. For other design cases or heavy loads such as Ti l e d R o o f c o n struction we recommend consultation with our Technical Department.

Diagonal Tie Wire Assembly

SRS Type Strut

Cleader Angle

CANTILEVER DETAIL AND COMPONENTS (see text)

GABLE END DETAILS


The drawings below illustrate standard Gable end terminations.
PERMANENT GABLE OVERHANG TO SUIT REQUIREMENTS FUTURE EXTENSION - SLEEVE & STUB PURLIN TO SUIT REQUIREMENTS FUTURE EXTENSION - SLEEVE ENDS MAX. OVERHANG A

SECTION 145 170 200 225 255

Dim. A 300 350 425 490 550 575

30

30

285

CLEADER ANGLE
Our Cleader Rail is a pre-galvanised cold roll-formed Steel Angle Section offered in four section options in lengths up to 6 metres. We will cut to length and pierce to customers requirements. Cleader Angle can be fitted to either top or bottom Purlin flanges by using M12 diameter bolts.

Dim. B

Dim. A V Dim. B X X Dim. A 45 45 70 70 1.6 2.5 1.6 2.5 1.06 1.68 1.73 2.70 2.86 4.29 11.01 16.86 1.12 1.80 4.34 6.63 4.61 6.90 17.68 27.09 0.82 1.23 2.02 3.18 Dim. A (mm) t (mm) WEIGHT kg/m lxx/lyy cm4 lvv cm4 luu cm4 Zxx/Zyy cm3

U Dim. B = 24mm Standard Back Mark

X t

SERVICES AND POINT LOADS

F O RO UltraZED
Web fixing

19

1.

2.

Dust Cover

Lip fixing

Dust Cover connected by the use of a clip:- for further details on this and other methods of fixing services please contact:ZED - DUCT SYSTEMS Limited, Unit 5, Hill St. Trading Estate, Kidderminster, Worcs. DY11 6TD. Telephone: 01562 - 824261 Fax: 01562 - 746435

ALTERNATIVE HANGERS

SUSPENSION OF SERVICES FROM PURLINS


Where it is required that services are to be suspended from Purlins the preferred method of the attachment is through the section web. However, fixing to the Purlin lower flange is usually more convenient and cost effective, the fixing of loads to the lower flange lip is possible, provided certain precautions are taken. Structural Sections Ltd. have concluded from in-house tests on service suspension techniques that the criteria in the following tables should be observed:For Lightweight Service Loads such as electrical, trunking, light fittings or overhead signs, the F.P. series clip for Z Purlins manufactured by W.J. Furse & Co. Ltd. of Nottingham, is recommended. PURLIN MATERIAL THICKNESS/mm 1.2 -1.5 1.6 - 2.0 2.0 - 2.5 MAX LOAD PER CLIP/kg 10 20 25 MAX LOAD PER METRE RUN OF PURLINS 15 25 35 MAX LOAD PER PURLIN/kg 25 40 50

Tests indicate the above flange loads are permissible:

CALCULATION OF POINT LOADS


When designing Purlins to carry point loads such as suspended services the following simple beam analysis utilising working loads may be used. 1. Calculate the general design load for the Purlin as follows:Dead load 0.15 kN/m Service load 0.15 kN/m Super load 0.6 kN/m Total load = 0.9 kN/m If a Purlin span of 6 metres at centres of 1.8 metres is considered the total UDL for the above is:- 6 x 1.8 x 0.9 = 9.72 kN.
2 2 2 2

A
P

B L

2.

If a point load of 1.5kN is required to be supported from the web of the Purlin at a point of 2.5 metres from its end the Purlin capacity may be derived as follows:-

Where:P = 1.5kN, . A = 2.5 metres, B = 3.5 metres L = 6 metres

PAB Moment (M) = L M= 1.5 x 2.5 x 3.5 6 = 2.19 kNm W = 6 2.19 x 8 = 2.92 kN

3. 4. 5. 6. NB:-

This gives an equivalent UDL of:Total UDL applied to Purlin:-

WL = 2.19 kNm therefore 8 9.72 + 2.92 = 12 .64 kN

From the load tables select the Purlin required, ie. from sleeved load tables select:- UltraZED section 200/140 section capacity = 12.82kN. If more than one point load is to be considered repeat calculations 2 and 3 of above adding their sub totals W 1 + W2 etc. to the general design UDL as in item 4. Deflection caused by point loads is more onerous than that caused by uniform loads. Therefore deflection should be considered whenever point loads are applied.

20

SIDE

BEAM UltraZED

SYSTEMS, CONNECTIONS AND APPLICATIONS

SLEEVED SIDE RAIL SYSTEM


The carrying capability of this system exceeds that of the other systems offered, and can be used to carry all standard cladding materials. It is p o s sible to accommodate architect u r a l requirements which vary the d i s tance between the face of c o l u m n s a n d cladding.

DOUBLE SPANNING BUTT JOINTED RAIL SYSTEM


When building designs allow the use of uninterrupted Rail lengths then this system is preferred because it offers the opportunity of achieving cost savings. Deflection performance of the Side Rail is optimised.

NO SLEEVES ARE REQUIRED


(except at alternative joints on the penultimate columns)

NON-CONTINUOUS SIDE RAIL SYSTEM


This system is normally used when the specified column face to cladding distance is less than that possible with the other systems. It has the ability to accommodate flush or recessed sheeting lines.

SIDE RAIL SYSTEMS FOR HORIZONTALLY LAID CLADDING


UltraBEAM offers a number of standard systems which are able to accommodate most types o f h o r i zontal cladding systems including Composite Panels. SUITABLE FOR HORIZONTAL LAID SHEETING AND COMPOSITE PANELS.
VERTICAL PANEL JOINT CONNECTION
PANEL CONNECTING RAIL - PCR

FIREWALL SYSTEM
(UP TO 4 HOURS PROTECTION)

SIDE
66 Double

BEAM UltraZED

21

GENERAL NOTES
The system has been designed for use in a location 1 metre or more from a boundary where fire containment of up to 4 hours is required.

PERFORMANCE
The construction is able to meet the minimum requirements of the Building Regulations for Non-Load Bearing Walls. BS 476: Part 22. INSULATION - 17 minutes INTEGRITY - 245 minutes

Fire certification Warrington Fire Research No. C53204


M12 Bolt & Nut Combustible Washer Steel Washer Rail Cleat with Slotted Holes

SPECIAL SHEETING RAIL DETAILS


During a fire the outer Cladding Sheet acts as a diaphragm tied back to columns through the Eaves Beam and bottom Sheeting Rail. Excessive bowing due to expansion is minimised by the following:1. All bottom Sheeting Rails must be single spanning although special Sleeves may be introduced to provide c o n t i n u i t y f o r structural considerations. 2. All UltraBEAM/ZED Rails are separated by a 40mm gap to allow for expansion. 3 . Special Slotted Cleats to cater for Rail expansion and the additional clearance between Rail joints. 4. All Fixing Bolts should be fitted with a Combustible Washer, which under fire conditions will soften, allowing Rails to expand.

Steel Washer

Eaves Beam supports Cladding and MUST BE FIRE PROTECTED. < = 2 hours fire protection - Cold Rolled Eaves Beam may be used. > 2 hours fire protection - Hot Rolled Eaves Member only. All Sheeting Rails must be connected via Slotted Cleats at end.
2000 Max.

Height of wall governed by load carrying capacity of supporting members

Standard UltraBEAM/ZED Side Rail DTW and Strut System.

All bottom Rails to be single span. (Joints may be staggered as normal system after bottom row)

END HOLE DETAILS IN UltraBEAM/ZED


30 b Single Span 20 40 Column centres Column centres Column centres 30 30 b

Slotted Cleats are NOT required at mid-span


Span

30

20

30 30

ALL HOLES IN UltraBEAM/ZED SIDE RAILS ARE 14mm Dia. FOR Grade 8.8 M12 BOLTS. All dimensions in mm. Drawings not to scale.
30

100 a

30

HOLE DETAILS IN SLEEVED SYSTEM

4 No. Slotted Holes 50 x 14mm with 14mm space between slots.

SPECIAL CLEAT DIMENSIONS


150 14 REF. 22 MAX. B 40 30 FW145 FW170 FW200 FW225 Dim. A 119 144 154 179 209 239 Dim. B 37 62 50 75 105 135 Dim. C 60 60 82 82 82 82 Dim. D 6 6 8 8 8 10

SPECIAL SLEEVE DIMENSIONS


SECTION 145 170 200 225 255 285 Dim. a 630 730 880 1010 1130 1180 Dim. b 237 287 362 427 487 512

A C 70 D 66

FW255 FW285

22

SIDE

BEAM UltraZED

CORNER AND COLUMN FILLER PIECES


C = Cladding Face Dimensions Less 55mm (*Wide flange to sheeting) 145 and 170 Series or C = Less 76mm (*Wide flange to sheeting) 200 - 285 Series

A = 55mm (*Wide flange to sheeting) 145 and 170 Series or A = 76mm (*Wide flange to sheeting) 200 - 285 Series

22 20

B A 22
To suit section gauge line

B = Cladding Face Dimensions Less 24mm. min. dimension 51mm Using CF70 Filler Piece * Applicable to UltraZED only.

20 40
10

40

22 C

max. To suit section gauge line 22

40 40

10 20 22 B

To suit section gauge line

B max. 22 10 20 20 20

22
To suit section

*
40

* Overall length of Rail = column centre distance

LESS half column width each end LESS 20mm.

22

70

14mm Dia. 24 70 20
To suit column face dimension

10 20

20

N.B. CF70 is only suitable for use with screw fixed cladding, consult Structural Sections Ltd., if other fixing methods are employed. NOTE: Corner Filler Pieces available upon request.

22 22 B 20 10 30

SIDE
237 66 600 237 287 66 700 362 66 850 427 66 980 487 512

UltraZED HOLE CONFIGURATIONS

UltraZED

23

STANDARD HOLE DETAILS - SLEEVED SIDE RAIL SYSTEM. ALL HOLES ARE 14mm DIAMETER FOR Grade 8.8 M12 BOLTS We recommend that all bolts and washers are plated or galvanised against corrosion.

SLEEVED SYSTEM
62.5 3 55 37 53 30 56.5 67.5 55 62 53 30 61.5 76.0 287 287 30 237 237 30

145
3 53 37 55 30 30

145

170
53 62 55 30 287 30

170

200
76 50 74 30 362 362 30 74 50 76 30

200

362

30

71.0 76.0

225
76 74 75 76 30 427 427 30 30 427 30 75 74

225

71.0 76.0

255
76 74 105 76 30 487 487 30 30 487 30

255 105 74

66 1100

71.0 76.0

285
76 74 135 76 30 512 512 30 30 66 1150 512 30

285 135 74

71.0

Overall length of Rails equals the span less 6mm in every case

E x t e n s i v e r e s e a r c h a n d d e v e l o p ment went into the sleeve design, ensuring correct behaviour under all load conditions whilst remaining simple in use. Te s t s p r o v e d t h a t t h e s l e e v e p r o f i l e , s e c tion lengths and hole configuration employed in the final design, satisfy these parameters fully. Sleeves are required at every joint on the penultimate column and alternate joints thereafter. Sections can be supplied as double spanning lengths if required.

3 3

145 145CS
56 37 56

145

54 37 54

50 30
30 237 237 66 30

30 237

237

30

146

SLEEVED SYSTEM

170 170CS
50 35
30 287 66 700 287 30 56.5 62 56.5 287 30

600

170

54 62 54

30

287

171

200 200CS
63

200

75 50 75

78 50 78

40
201

30 362 66 850

362

30 30 362 362

30

225
78 75 78 427 66 980 30 30 427 427 30

75

225CS
63

225

75

75

45
226

30

427

255
78 105

255CS
75
78 487 30 30 487 66 1100 487 30

75

255

105

75

52
256

UltraBEAM HOLE CONFIGURATIONS

30

487

285
78.5 135 78.5 512 30 30 512

285CS
75 57
286
512 66 1150 30

75

285

135

75

30

512

Overall length of rail equals the span less 6mm in every case

SLEEVE WIDTH INTERNAL DIM.

SIDE
UltraBEAM
SLEEVE HOLES MAY BE COUNTER FORMED IF REQUIRED FOR STANDARD CLEATS SEE PAGE 27

STANDARD HOLE DETAILS - SLEEVED PURLIN SYSTEM ALL HOLES ARE 14mm DIAMETER FOR Grade 8.8 M12 BOLTS We recommend that all bolts and washers are plated or galvanised against corrosion.

25

26

SIDE

UltraBEAM

HOLE CONFIGURATIONS UltraBEAM


ALL HOLES ARE 14mm DIAMETER FOR Grade 8.8 M12 BOLTS

DOUBLE SPANNING BUTT-JOINTED

CLEATS

3 SPAN SPAN 54 37 54 30 66 30

120 22 37 60 min. t = 6mm 66 22 62 60 min. t = 6mm

145

145

170

54 62 54

170

200

75 50 75

22 50

200

82 min. t = 8mm

75

225

75 75

22 75

225

82 min. t = 8mm

75

22 105

255

105 75

255

82 min. t = 8mm

75

22 135

285

135 75 30 66 Length of Rail = SPAN + SPAN less 6mm 30 66

285

82 min. t = 10mm

WHERE SLEEVE CONNECTIONS ARE REQUIRED, PLEASE SEE PAGE 25

NON - CONTINUOUS

145

54 37 54 30 30

145
66

22 37 60 min. t = 6mm 22 62 60 min. t = 6mm

170

54 62 54

170

200

75 50 75

22 50

200

82 min. t = 8mm

75

225

75 75

22 75

225

82 min. t = 8mm

75 22

255

105 75

105

255

82 min. t = 8mm

75

22 135

285

135 75 30 30 66

285

82 min. t = 10mm

SIDE
CB255
22 8 135 239 82 min

COLUMN CLEATS AND RESTRAINTS


COLUMN CLEATS
Standard for all Cleats
A
120 27 66 27

BEAM UltraZED

27

Column Cleats are common components for both UltraBEAM and UltraZED Side Rails. Cleats are ex-stock and available in both mill finish and galvanised. For those wishing to fabricate their own cleats we would point out that the material thickness should be at least that specified for our standard cleats and in cases where heavy cladding material is specified and/or extended Cleats are required they should be checked for suitability of purpose and reinforced if required. Care must be exercised to ensure that dimension A is not e x c e e d e d o t h erwise the web stiffening element of UltraZED sections will foul the Cleat.

A = max. 22mm (see text)

CW14 145 SERIES Cladding Face Dim: 152mm CB145


66

22 37 119 60 min. 40 30 6 22

4 No. 14mm Dia. holes in Cleat face

CW17
62 144 60 min.

22

CB170
105

CW25 255 SERIES Cladding Face Dim: 263mm

170 SERIES Cladding Face Dim: 177mm

CW20

2 No. 18mm Dia. holes in Cleat base

209 82 min

200 SERIES Cladding Face Dim: 208mm


22 50 154 82 min

285 SERIES Cladding Face Dim: 293mm CB200


8 75 22

CW28 CB285
10

225 SERIES Cladding Face Dim: 233mm

179 82 min

CW22 CB225
8

Dim. A V Dim. B X X Dim. A

COLUMN RESTRAINTS U Dim. B = 24mm Standard Back Mark X t V

Dim. A (mm)

t (mm) 1.6 2.5 1.6 2.5

WEIGHT kg/m 1.06 1.68 1.73 2.70

lxx/lyy cm4 2.86 4.29 11.01 16.86

lvv cm4 1.12 1.80 4.34 6.63

luu cm4 4.61 6.90 17.68 27.09

Zxx/Zyy cm3 0.82 1.23 2.02 3.18

Overall Length 30 45 20 45

45 45 70 70

28

SIDE

BEAM UltraZED

SIDE RAIL ASSEMBLIES


1. Span <=6.1m Screw Fixed Cladding. (<=5m Cement Fibre Cladding)
Maker up at top HEIGHT Max. height between Diagonal Tie Assemblies See Table 2
Min. 30 Max. 65

SIDE RAIL SYSTEM ASSEMBLIES


UltraBEAM and UltraZED Side Rail Systems should be supported and levelled prior to sheeting by one of the following methods:1. Rails should be spaced using Struts and supported/levelled by the use of Diagonal Bracing Assemblies as detailed. 2. Rails may be suspended from a suitable Eaves Member either cold rolled by Structural Sections (see page 29 and 41 for parameters) or hot rolled by others. 3. Propped from suitable safe structure.

Equal

Equal Side Rail Strut See Table 1

Diagonal Tie Assembly See Table 1

STRUT SELECTION FOR SCREW FIXED CLADDING


TABLE 1 SECTION REF. STRUT TYPE MAX. STRUT LENGTH DIAGONAL ASSEMBLY
2. Span >6.1m-<=10m Screw Fixed Cladding. (>5m-<=7.6m C/Fibre Cladding)
Span

Bottom Strut Length = Rail Centres Less 3mm.

Cladding Weight < = 0.12 kN/m2

145-200 145-200 225 255-285

Tubular SRS SRS HD + SRS


(See note below)

1800 3000 3000 2500

DTW DTW DTW DTW

Maker up at top HEIGHT Max. height between Diagonal Tie Assemblies See Table 2

Equal

Equal

Equal Side Rail Strut See Table 1

Cladding Weight > 0.12 kN/m2 - < = 0.3 kN/m2

145-225 255-285

SRS HD + SRS
(See note below)

2500 2500

DTW DTW

Min. 30 Max. 65

Diagonal Tie Assembly See Table 1

Cladding Weight > 0.3 kN/m2 - < 0.5 kN/m2

Span

145-285

HD

2500

HD - DTB

Bottom Strut Length = Rail Centres Less 3mm.

Note: UltraBEAM and UltraZED 255 and 285 Section requires the use of Heavy Duty Type Struts in conjunction with Diagonal Tie Assemblies in order to resist the torsional shear action induced in the Strut End Cleat by the Tie Assembly. Where Struts are used to provide spacing for the remaining Rails SRS Type Struts may be used.

3. Span >10m Screw Fixed Cladding. (>7.6m Cement Fibre Cladding)


Maker up at top HEIGHT Equal Equal Equal Equal

DIAGONAL TIE ASSEMBLY REQUIREMENTS


TABLE 2 Screw Fixed Cladding Type < = 0.12 kN/m2
> 0.12 - < = 0.3 kN/m2 > 0.3 - < 0.5 kN/m2 Cement Fibre

Max. Height per Tie Assembly Pair 20.0 metres (SRS Strut) 8.0 metres (Tube Strut) 10.0 metres 10.0 metres 6.5 metres

Max. height between Diagonal Tie Assemblies See Table 2

Side Rail Strut See Table 1

Min. 30 Max. 65

Diagonal Tie Assembly See Table 1

Span

Bottom Strut Length = Rail Centres Less 3mm.

4. Strut and Tie Assembly for close Rail spacing condition.


Maker up at top HEIGHT Max. height between Diagonal Tie Assemblies See Table 2 Side Rail Strut See Table 1 Equal Equal

DIAGONAL TIE ASSEMBLY INCLUDED ANGLE < 30


Where Side Rails are closely spaced the included angle between the Diagonal Ties and the Side Rail may fall below 30. Where this condition occurs, an additional Side Rail Support may be introduced as shown in illustration 4.

Min. 30 Max. 65

Diagonal Tie Assembly See Table 1

Key: < Less than <= Less than or equal to > Greater than
Span

Bottom Strut Length = Rail Centres Less 3mm.

SIDE
Male

SIDE RAIL ASSEMBLIES


SIDE RAIL SUPPORT HANGER ASSEMBLY
Side Rail Systems may be supported from our Eaves Beam by utilising a Side Rail Support Hanger as detailed opposite and on page 41. The Hanger Assembly is suitable for 145 - 200 Series Side Rails within the following constraints:Screw Fixed Cladding maximum weight 0.12kN/m2 Maximum height of Cladding without Web Stiffener Cleat = 6m. Maximum height of Cladding with Web Stiffener Cleat = 10m.
UltraBEAM Eaves Beam Counter Formed Holes

BEAM UltraZED

29

Standard Eaves Brace

Web Stiffener Cleat

M12 x 25mm Bolt

Top Bracket Type T Strut UltraBEAM/ZED 145-200 Series

SIDE RAIL SUPPORT HANGER ASSEMBLY

TUBULAR STRUTS

30mm STD Female 145 - 200 SERIES UltraBEAM UltraZED

Max. 1800mm Rail Centres

DTW

Standard Gauge Line Holes (Pairs) Cladding Face Type M Type T Type F

Strut Washers x 2 See Standard Order Forms for ordering details

Our Tubular Strut offers significant savings in both site time and component cost. The Struts connect together via male and female threaded fasteners, therefore eliminating separate fixing bolt assemblies. Tubular Struts may be used in lieu of our Side Rail Support Struts for 145 to 200 series UltraBEAM/ZED Rails up to 1800mm Rail centres providing the cladding weight is not greater than 0.12kN/m2 and is screw fixed to provide full restraint. Struts are fitted nearest to the cladding face through one of a pair of holes punched on the standard gauge line. Where required our standard Diagonal Tie Wire Assembly fits between the Strut Washer and the Strut. Where two Tie Wires are required they are fitted on top of each other. Struts may be used in compression or tension providing the maximum vertical distance between Tie Wire pairs does not exceed 8 metres when Strut is in compression or 10 metres in tension. It is recommended (but not essential) that Struts are erected male end uppermost with a standard M12 bolt fitted through the lower Rail. Where counter formed holes are required the Tubular Strut should be substituted with an SRS Type Strut as outlined below.

SIDE RAIL SUPPORT STRUTS - SRS


Where Rail design parameters prohibit the use of Tubular Struts our Side Rail Support Strut Type SRS should be used. Struts for UltraZED and UltraBEAM Rails are manufactured from pre-galvanised cold roll-formed Angle Sections with like section End Cleats. For 255 and 285 Series Rails the SRS Type Strut is substituted with a Heavy Duty Type Strut when used in conjunction with Diagonal Tie Assemblies (SEE SUB-NOTE TABLE 1 PAGE 28 OPPOSITE AND PAGE 30). SRS Type Struts may be used with either our Diagonal Tie Wire system (DTW) or Heavy Duty Diagonal Tie Bar system (HD-DTB). In both instances the length of Strut must be reduced accordingly where Tie Brackets are fitted between the Strut and Rail. Where Counter Formed Holes are encountered the Strut should be detailed with one End Cleat designed to fit over the web stiffening elements of the UltraBEAM as shown on page 37.

DIAGONAL TIE WIRE BOTTOM FIXING Where two rows of Struts are used per bay the Tie Wire lower Cleat is fitted under the Strut next to Cladding Flange and a 3mm thick Packing Washer is fitted in lieu of Tie Wire Cleat. Bottom Strut Length = Rail Centres Less 3mm.

SIDE

30

BEAM UltraZED

HEAVY DUTY STRUTS, DIAGONAL TIES AND CLIP FIXED VERTICAL CLADDING

HEAVY DUTY DIAGONAL TIE BAR (HD-DTB)


Our Heavy Duty Tie Bar System is designed to offer a solution to those design parameters which cannot be satisfied by the DTW Type. Used extensively where high support loads are encountered and where the Support System is an integral part of the finished structure as with cladding types affording no positive restraint and Tiled Roofs. The HD - DTB are accurately manufactured from pre-finished materials which ensure reliability in use.

MINIMUM ANGLE = 30 MAXIMUM ANGLE = 65

45

60

bo

th

en

ds

Reinforcing Fillet to one side of bracket 110 t = 8mm

32

HEAVY DUTY STRUTS HDS/HDR


Heavy Duty Struts may be used for all UltraZED and UltraBEAM sections to fulfil design parameters not catered for by the SRS Strut Type. Such applications include Clip Fixed Cladding, supports under window openings and where cladding weights exceed 0.3KN/m2. HD Series Struts are supplied fully fabricated with End Cleats mechanically attached. When ordering state Rail Section, Centres and Strut Type. HDR Struts are for applications where Tie Bar Assemblies are required at top and bottom of the Strut.

HDS H DS

HDR H DR

HOR. RAIL
145 145 170 170 200 200 225 225 255 255 285 285

VERT. STRUT
2 No.45 x 45 Angle 2 No.45 x 45 Angle 145 UltraBEAM 145 UltraBEAM 145 UltraBEAM 145 UltraBEAM 145 UltraBEAM 145 UltraBEAM 145 UltraBEAM 145 UltraBEAM 170 UltraBEAM 170 UltraBEAM

Dim A
22.5 42.5 22.5 42.5 22.5 42.5 22.5 42.5 22.5 42.5 22.5 42.5

STRUT REF.
HDS145 HDR145 HDS170 HDR170 HDS200 HDR200 HDS225 HDR225 HDS255 HDR255 HDS285 HDR285

A A

A A

Fillet on HD - DTB omitted for clarity. Reduce length of HD Strut by 8mm where pairs of HD-DTBs are fitted between Rail and Strut End Cleat.

When using HD Struts with Counter Formed Holes one end of the Strut will be supplied with a Cleat designed to fit over the web stiffening elements of the UltraBEAM as shown on page 37.

VERTICAL CLADDING CLIP FIXED


The detail shown offers a simple method of construction which incorporates UltraBEAM Horizontal Rails with Vertical Heavy Duty Struts between the bottom pair of Rails. This type of fixing requires all vertical load to be carried via the Bottom Rail, therefore Heavy Duty Type Struts are essential. To determine load carrying capacities of UltraBEAM Side Rails r e f erence should be made to the relevant published load tables and adjusted as follows. The Wind Pressure capacity of Rails used with Clip Fixed Cladding should be reduced by 10%.

HD-DTB

SRS as page 29

HDS Strut

HDR Strut

2.5 metres max.


ILLUSTRATION BASED ON >7.5m SPAN

Ledger Angle screw fixed to Bottom Rail to support cladding.


Minimum thickness of Bottom Rail = 1.8mm.

MAXIMUM CLADDING HEIGHT BETWEEN HEAVY DUTY BRACING ASSEMBLIES.


SPAN UP TO 5 METRES Maximum cladding height 8 metres SPAN UP TO 7.5 METRES Maximum cladding height 7 metres SPAN UP TO 10 METRES Maximum cladding height 6 metres

SIDE

PARAPET AND CANTILEVER DETAILS

BEAM UltraZED

31

70 x 70 x 2.5 Cleader Angle

Cold Rolled Eaves Beam by Structural Sections Ltd.

Max. Upstand. Dim. H

Cladding

Fixing Cleat Vertical Rail offset dimension

Fixing Cleat Structural Eaves Member HRC shown Horizontal Liner Tray

CLEAT DETAILS

Horizontal Liner Tray

Vertical Cladding Rail Structural Rail Support at mid-span and/or bottom of Rail Insulation

1.

2.

Insulation

Vertical Liner may be fixed to Inner Rail face if required

CANTILEVER HEIGHT OF VERTICAL RAILS (H) SUPPORTING HORIZONTAL CLADDING Where the following apply: 1. Minimum yield stress of material = 350N/mm
2

Deflection has not been considered in the above and should be checked by the following formula: Deflection = where WL3 8 El

2. Both inner and outer flanges of Cantilever Rails restrained by cladding. Then the following formula applies: H = where H Zxx q S = = = = 0.56 x Zxx qxs

W = Total U.D.L. (kN) L = Height of Cantilever (mm) E = Youngs Modulus (kN/mm2) I = Moment of Inertia x - x (cm4)

Height in metres Section Modulus (cm3) Wind pressure/Wind suction (kN/m2) Centres of Vertical Rails (m)

UltraBEAM Capping Rail

PARAPET
The versatility of UltraBEAM offers many solutions to current a r c h i t e c t u r al requirements. The Parapet detail provides one of those solutions. Compound UltraBEAM Sections may be utilised to provide a Parapet Post in lieu of hot rolled beams.

UltraBEAM Side Rail

Parapet Post (Compound Sections)

UltraZED Gutter Support

Vertical Cladding UltraBEAM or UltraZED Rail

32

SIDE

UltraBEAM
-10mm Adjustment

HORIZONTAL CLADDING OVERSAIL SYSTEM


For Panel Connection Joints see text below, options 1 - 3

+10mm

Strut** Heavy Duty Strut* HD-DTB HD-DTB

24mm

Vertical 145 Series UltraBEAM Max. Distance between Strut and Vertical Rail = 300mm

24mm

Panel Joint Connection option 1 see text below.

200-400mm Approx. HD-DTB Heavy Duty Strut* Strut** HD-DTB

70 x 70 x 2.5 OS Cleat +10mm -10mm Adjustment

70 x 70 x 2.5 OS Cleat

Vertical 145 Series UltraBEAM

* Use HD Series Strut in conjunction with Heavy Duty - Diagonal Tie Bar Assemblies. **Use HD Struts throughout for 255 and 285 Series Horizontal Rails. **Use SRS Type Struts elsewhere for 170 - 225 Series Horizontal Rails.

HORIZONTAL CLADDING OVERSAIL SYSTEM


This system facilitates accurate alignment of the Side Rail System and is therefore eminently suitable for low tolerance cladding types. The Horizontal Rails may be selected from any of the systems available, including inset single spanning rails where sheeting depth is restricted. Horizontal Rail capacity should be reduced by 10%. Vertical Rails are connected to the Horizontal rails via OS Series Angle Cleats. Heavy Duty Struts are required in conjunction with Heavy Duty Diagonal Tie Bars with SRS Type Struts being utilised throughout the remaining Side Rail System (except for 255 - 285 Series Horizontal Rails see note*/**).

Holes on Standard gauge line in Horizontal Rail Series 170 - 285. 2 No. Slotted Holes in OS Cleat
70 x 70 x 2.5 OSF Cleats Vertical Rail

Vertical Rail

70 x 70 x 2.5 OS Cleat

Vertical Rail

70 x 70 x 2.5 Cleader Rail

Cladding Panel Joint Connection option 2

Cladding

Cladding Panel Joint Connection option 3

FIGURE. 1.

FIGURE. 2.

FIGURE. 3.

Where Cladding Panel joint connections require wider Vertical Rail fixing flanges three methods may be employed:1). Short lengths of section (approx. 200 - 400mm long) are introduced and bolted back-to-back with the Vertical Rail Section at the panel connection positions as shown in main illustration above. 2). Alternatively where panel connection positions are uncertain a Vertical UltraBEAM Rail presented Web outward and connected to the Horizontal Rail using OSF Series Cleats may be utilised, see Fig. 1. 3). A further alternative is shown in Fig. 3. using a Vertical 70 x 70 x 2.5mm Cleader Angle bolted back-to-back with a Vertical UltraBEAM Section. Horizontal/Vertical Rail connecting Cleats are of 70 x 70 x 2.5mm Angle Section with slotted holes in the Horizontal Rail connection to allow sheeting face adjustment of up to 10mm, see Fig. 2. After final Rail alignment Cleat the may be secured with a self-drilling/tapping screw if required.

HORIZONTAL CLADDING INSET SYSTEM AND VERTICAL RAIL SYSTEM


HORIZONTAL CLADDING
The details shown offer a simple method of construction which incorporates UltraBEAM Horizontal Rails and Vertical Rail Assemblies. Connection Cleats are supplied loose for on-site fitting or FACTORY FITTED CLEATS ARE AVAILABLE IF REQUIRED. Horizontal Rail capacities should be taken from the published load tables using the Wind Suction (-ve) values for both Wind Pressure and Suction.

SIDE
Span Equal

UltraBEAM

33

Vertical Rail

UHCT

UHCB

Horizontal Rail Diagonal Tie Wire

VR SERIES VERTICAL RAILS


Vertical Rails for use with Horizontally Laid Cladding Systems are fitted between Horizontal Side Rails as detailed. The standard and preferred Horizontal/Vertical Rail combinations are as detailed below. For large volume contracts where system optimisation is paramount other combinations are available. Vertical Rails are normally supplied for on-site assembly but may be ordered as factory assembled items to reduce on-site time and logistics. HOR. RAIL 14550** 17050** 20063** 22563** 25575** 28575** VERT. RAIL VR145 VR170 VR200 VR200 VR200 VR200 TOP CLEAT UHCT145 UHCT170 UHCT200 UHCT225 UHCT255 UHCT285 BOTTOM CLEAT UHCB145 UHCB170 UHCB200 UHCB225 UHCB255 UHCB285
FOR FULL DETAILS, DIMENSIONS AND ORDERING DETAILS SEE DETAILERS GUIDE AND STANDARD ORDER FORMS
COUNTER FORMED HOLE DETAIL 22.5 HORIZONTAL

22.5

VR SERIES VERTICAL RAILS


HORIZONTAL

UHCT

VERTICAL

VERTICAL RAIL ASSEMBLY


CLEATS:Supplied separately or factory fitted if required.

UHCB

** Denotes section gauge dependant on

selection taken from relevant load tables.

SYSTEM USING VERTICAL RAILS


The solutions illustrated here concern Horizontally Laid Cladding. The illustration shows a hot rolled channel supporting Vertical UltraBEAM/ZED section which act as Cladding Rails. These Rails may be continued past the Eaves member to form a Parapet. Additionally, the Vertical Rails are braced with SRS Type Struts. The Vertical Rails should be selected from either Single Spanning or Double Spanning tables, as applicable. In parapet conditions please note maxi mum upstand dimension H stated on drawing on page 31.

See text for load carrying details


Max. Upstand Dim. H

UltraBEAM Capping Rail

Equal

Equal

Rail Span

Structural Eaves Member

UltraBEAM or UltraZED Vertical Rails

Side Rail Supports

Structural Lower Rail Support

SIDE

34

UltraBEAM

HORIZONTAL PANEL CLADDING SYSTEM AND PANEL CONNECTING RAIL - PCR

HORIZONTAL PANEL CLADDING


Horizontally laid Cladding Panels require special consideration, particularly at the vertical interface. Our solution is simple, flexible, cost effective and may be used without compromising the design and layout of the main structural framework. Where cladding detail requires a wide fixing face the Panel Connecting Rail (PCR) should be utilised. The PCR consists of an UltraBEAM Section presented web outward via Countersunk Headed Bolts to provide a flush Cladding face. To simplify system detail the PCR and Horizontal Rails join using a longitudinal two bolt connection spaced at standard 66mm hole centres and therefore may be positioned either at the column face or intermediate positions within the span. Because Cladding Panels generally fix to the Vertical Rails only, a diaphragm action from the cladding cannot reliably be assumed - therefore we show the inclusion of our Heavy Duty Tie Bar System (HD-DTB).

See Text

HD - DTB

Vertical Cladding
Rail (VR). See page 33. Panel Connecting Rail (PCR) shown at column face

Panel Connecting Rail may also be utilised at intermediary positions, see dia. C page 35 opposite.

If cladding detail requires a wider fixing face at intermediate positions than our standard VR range please consult our Technical Department.

PCR WORKING CAPACITY = UDL kN BASED ON SPAN/180


HORIZONTAL RAIL CENTRES PCR REFERENCE 1500mm 7.51kN 8.53kN 8.81kN 2000mm 5.25kN 5.97kN 6.49kN 2500mm 3.73kN 4.22kN 5.41kN

HORIZONTAL RAIL CAPACITY


Horizontal Rail capacity should be taken from the published load tables with values reduced by 10% for both pressure and suction.
PCR 2256314 PCR 2256316 PCR 2557516

TO DETERMINE PCR REQUIRED


Horizontal Rail centres x Vertical Rail centres x Wind Pressure or Suction = working UDL kN

SUITABLE FOR PANEL JOINT CONNECTIONS ON MOST HORIZONTALLY LAID COMPOSITE PANELS. SPANS VERTICALLY UP TO 2.5 METRES EASILY ERECTED ABLE TO ACCOMMODATE MOST STEELWORK LAYOUTS DIAGONAL BRACING PASSES BEHIND VERTICAL PCR MAY BE USED AT COLUMN FACE OR AT INTERMEDIATE POSITIONS WITHIN THE SPAN SUITABLE FOR USE WITH COUNTER FORMED HOLES IN HORIZONTAL RAILS

225 or 255
Max 120 (PCR 225) 150 (PCR 255)

All Dimensions in mm.

VERTICAL PANEL JOINT CONNECTION


PANEL CONNECTING RAIL - PCR

HORIZONTAL PANEL CLADDING SYSTEM AND PANEL CONNECTING RAIL - PCR

SIDE
*
PCR - CT To suit Rail centres 30 PCR - CB

UltraBEAM

35

See Below (E)

COLUMN POSITION

INTERMEDIATE POSITION

A.
INTERSECTION ZONE
NOTE: Rails should be positioned so that the Horizontal joints of the panels do not c o i n cide with the intersection zone o f the Horizontal/ Vertical Rails .

B.

To suit section
3

C.

To suit section
3

30

PCR

To suit Rail centres

INTERSECTION ZONE

CSK Bolts
30 3

To suit section

To suit section

SITE ERECTION
Erection is simplified as Horizontal Rails may be fixed independently of, and prior to, the Vertical Rails if required.
66 Standard Gauge Line Standard Gauge Line

E.
225 or 255

* This dimension is dependent upon the thickness of the column cleat. i.e. With a 6mm column cleat the dimension = 36mm.

D.

I f P C R i s t o b e u s e d i n c o n junction with Counter Formed Holes in the Horizontal Rail (as in the case of Window Trimmers) a 3mm thick Bearer Plate PCR - CSK should be fitted between the Cleat and Rail as shown in Dia. D. and the PCR length and piercing adjusted accordingly.

PCR - CSK Bearer Plate 3mm thick

INTERMEDIATE RAILS/ STRUT REQUIREMENTS


If the intermediate Vertical Rails (usually consisting of a Vertical Rail - VR see page 33) or P a n e l C o n n e c t i n g R a i l ( P C R ) a r e a p p r o x i mately* located in positions where Side Rail Supports would n o r m a l l y be required, then they can be utilised to perform the same function. Where the Vertical Rail positions fall outside these parameters and the use of Side Rail Supports are necessary they may be included as required p r o v i d i n g t h e y a r e u s e d i n c o n j u n c t i o n w i t h P C R Intermediates which allow the Diagonal Tie Bar System to pass behind them - thus eliminating the need for complex Tie Bar bracing patterns.

HD-DTB ASSEMBLY - PCR CONNECTION

HORIZONTAL

RAIL

Here for 200 - 285 Horizontal Rails with PCR 225

Here for 145 - 170 Horizontal Rails and 200 - 285 Horizontal Rails with PCR 255

PCR CLADDING FACE

* Providing that VRs or PCRs are l o c a t e d w i t h i n 5 0 0 m m o f t h e n o rmal position of a Support S t r u t t h e y m a y b e u t i l i s e d t o p e r form the function of a Strut.

36

SIDE

UltraBEAM

WINDOW TRIMMERS

WINDOW TRIMMERS
UltraBEAM sections provide a reliable, cost effective and simple solution to the trimming requirements of windows and doors. Available with pre-punched Counter Formed Holes to accept Counter Sunk Headed Bolts, a surface free of bolt head protrusion facilitates ease of fitting for all types of window and door frames. The design of UltraBEAM allows for Counter Formed connection details devoid of packing pieces which offers cost savings in reduced components and site logistics. THE WINDOW SILL RAIL requires bracing against the high torsional loads imposed by the weight of the window both during fitting and when the building is in use after building occupation. This is achieved through a number of inter-related factors including Window Type, Weight and Side Cladding. SINGLE UNIT WINDOWS are those requiring Vertical Trimmer Rails for their installation and it is these Vertical Trimmers which in addition to the Support Struts help to restrain the Horizontal Rail. RIBBON WINDOWS are designed as continuous units and e l i m i n a t e t h e n e e d f o r Ve r t i c a l Tr i m m i n g R a i l s , a s a c o n s e quence additional Strutting to the Sill Rail may be required. For Ribbon type windows additional Diagonal Tie Assemblies to support the window head rail may be required. STRUT PARAMETERS for both types of Window by Type and Weight, together with consideration for the support afforded by the cladding is detailed below. TYPICAL GLAZING WEIGHTS are listed on page 80, but where the Window Weight is uncertain it is usual to assume an approximate weight of 24Kg/m 2 (0.23 kN/m2) for Double Glazed Units - based on 4mm thick glass.

Side Rail Support (SRS) Vertical Window Trimmer

End Cleat to suit CSK detail see page 37.

Side Rail Support (SRS)


Vertical Window Trimmer

Window Head Rail

Window Sill Rail

Sill Rail Strut

Diagonal Bracing

End Cleat to suit CSK detail see page 37.

Sill Rail Strut

Diagonal Bracing

Tubular Strut or Side Rail Support (SRS)

Door Frame see page 38.

STRUT AND BRACING PARAMETERS PER WINDOW SILL RAIL SINGLE UNIT WINDOWS:- SCREW FIXED CLADDING Span Metres <=6.1 >6.1 - <=9 >9 Window Wt. kN/m run <.12 <.12 <.12 Strut No./Type 1 SRS 2 SRS 3 SRS Diagonal Bracing DTW DTW DTW Span Metres <6.1 >6.1 - <=9 >9 Window Wt. kN/m run >.12 >.12 >.12 Strut No./Type 1 HDS 2 HDS 3 HDS Diagonal Bracing HD-DTB HD-DTB HD-DTB

RIBBON WINDOWS:- SCREW FIXED CLADDING <=6.1 >6.1 - <=9 >9 <.12 <.12 <.12 1 HDS 2 HDS 3 HDS HD-DTB HD-DTB HD-DTB <=5 >5 - <=7.5 >7.5 - <=9 >9 SINGLE UNIT AND RIBBON WINDOWS:- UNRESTRAINED CLADDING <=6.1 >6.1 - <=9 >9 <.12 <.12 <.12 1 HDS 2 HDS 3 HDS HD-DTB HD-DTB HD-DTB <=5 >5 - <=7.5 >7.5 - <=9 >9 Where window weight is <= .25 kN/m run minimum recommended Rail gauge = 1.2mm Where window weight is > .25 - <= .4 kN/m run minimum recommended Rail gauge = 1.4mm Where window weight is > .4 - < .5 kN/m run minimum recommended Rail gauge = 1.6mm >.12 >.12 >.12 >.12 1 HDS 2 HDS 3 HDS 4 HDS Key: < Less than <= Less than or equal to > Greater than HD-DTB HD-DTB HD-DTB HD-DTB >.12 >.12 >.12 >.12 1 HDS 2 HDS 3 HDS 4 HDS HD-DTB HD-DTB HD-DTB HD-DTB

Window weight is assumed to be carried inside the Rail width by the supporting Struts. For eccentric loads contact our Technical Department

SIDE
Heavy Duty Strut (HDS)

WINDOW TRIMMERS
WINDOW TRIMMERS
VERTICAL WINDOW TRIMMERS are of the same section as Horizontal Rail Members and are connected together by simple Cleats which allow for general tolerances to be taken into account. The Window Head Rails require bracing with a SRS Type Strut. Where Ribbon Windows are to be installed the addition of Diagonal Tie Assemblies over the Window Head Rail may be necessary. SELECTION OF HORIZONTAL SIDE RAILS above and below window openings should take into account the deflection limitations of the Window Frame, Glazing and correct operation of the window in use. The load tables on page 39 allow for s e l e c tion of UltraBEAM Sections with deflection limited to span/300 or greater. Alternatively our computer software should be used which allows for select of the deflection limits and automatically indicates t h e c o r rect Strut requirements for the Window Sill Rail.

UltraBEAM
Cleat for CSK

37

Side Rail Support (SRS) Window Head Rail Trimmer Cleat Type S See Detailers Guide

A
Vertical Window Trimmer

WINDOW HEAD RAIL

Single Unit Type Window

Vertical Window Trimmer

WINDOW SILL RAIL

B
Dim. A 22.5

3mm 30 mm

Trimmer Cleat Type S

Vertical Window Trimmer

RIBBON WINDOW CLEAT CONNECTIONS


COUNTER FORMED HOLES A

RIBBON WINDOW WING CLEAT (BY OTHERS)

FLUSH SURFACE

Window Sill Rail

B
Cleat for CSK see

Dim. A 145 &170 Series = 31.5mm 200 - 285 Series = 35mm

All Holes for M12 Bolts

min.

30
Ref. 145 170 200 225 255 285 Dim. A 60 60 82 82 82 82

3
Dim. B 115 140 128 153 183 213

min.

Dim. C 37 62 50 75 105 135

38

SIDE

UltraBEAM

DOOR TRIMMERS AND BRICKWORK RESTRAINTS

DOOR TRIMMERS
UltraBEAM sections offer a simple preengineered solution to the requirements of trimming around door openings. When Countersunk Headed Bolts are used they present a surface free from bolt head protrusion. When the Vertical Door Trimming Sections require bolting to a finished floor a method of building tolerance adjustment within the connection should be considered, such as Slotted Cleats. Vertical Door Trimmers should be of the same section depth as the Horizontal Rails and material thickness should be selected with consideration to the type, weight and use of the door.

VIEW A-A

Horizontal Rail Cleat Type S

Cleat Type S

A-A
Vertical Door Trimmers

Vertical Rail

VIEW B-B

Door Frame

B-B

Cleat Type L

Cleat Type L

Vertical Rail

FOR FULL DETAILS AND DIMENSION SEE DETAILERS GUIDE AND STANDARD ORDER FORMS

BRICKWORK RESTRAINTS
UltraBEAM sections may be utilised to provide restraint to masonry walls. Sections may be chosen as single members or as Compound Pairs depending upon the imposed design loads. Correct UltraBEAM selection should be taken from the deflection limited load table opposite with the carrying capacity of Compound Beams being twice that shown for single members. Should the restraint rail be of differing size to the adjacent Side Rail the use of a Tubular Strut in lieu of a SRS or HD Series Strut may simplify detailing provided the Diagonal Bracing System is fitted above the adjacent Rail and the Tubular Strut is in tension. Brickwork Restraint Beams may be fixed to the wall construction by use of Threaded Rod built into the wall, Bent Flat Straps, Shot Fired Fasteners or Proprietary Anchor Bolts. DESIGN OF BRICKWORK Fixing centres of Restraint Ties are RESTRAINT/WINDOW RAILS determined by the construction of the wall. For further advice and information on the use of UltraBEAM Sections as brickwork restraints please contact our Technical Department. On no account should deflection limits less than span/300 be calculated by interpolation or load capacities greater than those shown i n t h e l o a d t a b l e b e a s s u m e d . We r e c o m mend the use of our computer design software for the selection of Brickwork Restraints. For further assistance with design contact our Technical Department.

EXAMPLE:- Load on Rail = Effective Centres x Rail Span x Wind Load (Working) = UDL kN eg. 1.8 x 6.0 x 0.75 = 8.10 kN Therefore from load tables use 255 75 16 Single Span allowable UDL = 9.54 kN or use 200 63 16 Double Span allowable UDL = 8.35 kN or use 200 63 20 Sleeved allowable UDL = 9.84 kN

For deflections other than span/300 the published safe working loads should be reduced in accordance with the method detailed below:eg. Deflection criteria = Span/400 Therefore 300 = 0.75 (Reduction factor) 400 For UDL = 8.10 kN use 255 75 25 Single Span allowable UDL = 14.79 x 0.75 = 11.09 kN or use 200 63 20 Double Span allowable UDL = 12.78 x 0.75 = 9.58 kN or use 225 63 20 Sleeved allowable UDL = 14.70 x 0.75 = 11.02 kN

SIDE
4.12 5.06 6.30 5.99 6.83 9.40 10.17 11.44 15.79 14.92 16.57 20.60 6.57 8.18 7.78 8.89 11.11 13.21 14.86 16.49 19.38 21.51 26.76 3.59 4.10 5.13 6.10 6.86 9.47 8.96 9.94 12.36

DEFLECTION LIMITED LOAD TABLES SPAN/300


BRICKWORK RESTRAINT/WINDOW RAILS LOAD TABLES
SECTION Wt/m 4.5

UltraBEAM
8.0

39

5.0 5.5 6.0 6.5 7.0 7.5 S E C T I O N C A PA C I T Y W O R K I N G L O A D U D L I N k N P E R S PA N

SLEEVED SYSTEM
1455013 1455016 1705013 1705016 1705020 2006313 2006316 2006320 2256314 2256316 2256320 2557516 2557518 2557525 2857518 2857520 2857525 2.70 3.33 2.95 3.64 4.55 3.55 4.38 5.48 4.16 4.76 5.95 5.43 6.11 8.49 6.52 7.25 9.07 4.65 5.71 6.79 8.33 3.76 4.62 5.50 6.75 8.38 3.12 3.82 4.55 5.58 6.93 7.65 2.61 3.21 3.82 4.69 5.82 6.44 7.92 9.84 9.37 10.67 14.70 3.25 4.00 4.96 5.48 6.74 8.38 7.98 9.10 12.51 13.53 15.23 3.44 4.27 4.73 5.81 7.23 6.88 7.84 10.79 11.68 13.14 18.11 17.14 19.02 23.65 4.45 5.54 5.27 6.00 8.27 8.94 10.06 13.88 13.11 14.56 18.11

DOUBLE SPANNING BUTT JOINTED SYSTEM


1455013 1455016 1705013 1705016 1705020 2006313 2006316 2006320 2256314 2256316 2256320 2557516 2557518 2557525 2857518 2857520 2857525 2.70 3.33 2.95 3.64 4.55 3.55 4.38 5.48 4.16 4.76 5.95 5.43 6.11 8.49 6.52 7.25 9.07 4.05 4.96 5.91 7.25 3.40 4.17 4.96 6.09 7.56 8.35 10.27 12.78 12.15 13.88 17.36 2.90 3.55 4.23 5.19 6.45 7.12 8.75 10.89 10.36 11.84 14.80 17.43 19.61 21.94 4.47 5.56 6.14 7.55 9.39 8.93 10.21 12.76 15.16 17.06 18.93 21.30 24.05 30.35 6.84 7.82 9.77 11.62 13.07 14.49 17.04 18.90 23.51

SINGLE SPAN NON-CONTINUOUS SYSTEM


1455016 1705016 1705020 2006316 2006320 2256314 2256316 2256320 2557516 2557518 2557525 2857518 2857520 2857525 3.33 3.64 4.55 4.38 5.48 4.16 4.76 5.95 5.43 6.11 8.49 6.52 7.25 9.07 3.42 5.00 6.21 8.44 10.50 2.77 4.05 5.03 6.83 8.50 8.08 9.23 11.54 2.29 3.35 4.16 5.65 7.03 6.68 7.63 9.54 11.35 12.77 1.93 2.81 3.50 4.74 5.90 5.62 6.42 8.03 9.54 10.73 14.79 14.00 15.53 19.31 2.40 2.98 4.04 5.03 4.79 5.47 6.84 8.12 9.14 12.61 11.92 13.23 16.45 4.34 4.13 4.72 5.90 7.00 7.88 10.87 10.28 11.41 14.19 6.03 8.32 7.87 8.73 10.88

40

EAV

ES
EAVES BEAM
MAX. 30

UltraBEAM

EAVES BEAMS
UltraBEAM Eaves Beams may be connected either between columns or outside the column face using Fabricated Cleats (by others). The Beam is fixed with two Grade 8.8 M12 bolts at each end; through the web. The UltraBEAM Eaves Beam range is unique in offering the use of both conventional headed and Countersunk Headed Bolts without recourse to loose fitted packing plates at both column and Eaves Brace positions. Designed to act as an Eaves Purlin, Top Sheeting Rail, Gutter Support or any combination. Available with options of top flange angles from 0o - 30o. The Eaves Beam must be connected to the first row of Purlins via an Eaves Brace. When using Eaves Beams to support heavy gutters we advise consultation with our Technical Department. FOR BRACE REQUIREMENTS AT EAVES SEE PAGES 11 AND 12.

200
MAX. 30

255
90

90 20

20

105 50 100 200

155 255

12.5 12.5

COMPOSITION/FINISH
Quality steel to BSEN 10143 1993 and BSEN 10147 2 1992 with a minimum yield stress of 350N/mm . Pre-hot dipped galvanised to BSEN 10147 1992 Coating Z275. Other coating weights and finishes are available by special arrangement.

SECTION PROPERTIES
SECTION
200-90-18 200-90-20 200-90-25 255-90-18 255-90-20 255-90-25

AREA MASS cm2 kg/m


7.23 8.04 10.05 8.21 9.24 11.55 5.68 6.31 7.89 6.52 7.25 9.07

Ixx cm4
458.82 508.22 631.73 820.49 1043.28 1132.39

Iyy cm4
69.11 76.32 94.32 79.04 99.69

Ixr cm4
428.16 484.49 625.15 769.14 869.63

Zxx cm3
45.72 50.62 62.86 64.15 71.09 88.43

Zxr cm3
40.93 46.89 61.80 57.94 66.24 87.00

ry cm
3.09 3.09 3.06 3.08 3.07 3.06

Mcx kN/m
14.32 16.40 21.63 20.27 23.13 30.44

Q
0.83 0.87 0.96 0.75 0.79 0.88

ALL HOLES 14mm DIAMETER USE GRADE 8.8 M12 BOLTS.

107.95 1120.88

Dimension A = 50mm for 200 SERIES 105mm for 255 SERIES

6m
30

Ga

p Sp

EAVES BEAMS
an les s6 mm

60
40

30

Column Cleat supplied by others

66

Standard holes for fixing 2 No. bolts 30mm from end of beam.

This Bracket both ends for Compound Beam Brace

t 20

2 No. 14mm dia. fixing holes for M12 bolts


= 45 = 20 t
C

Eaves Brace Top Bracket Pre-galvanised material. All holes 14mm diameter for M12 bolts.

14mm dia. holes for eaves braces. One per span required for spans up to 6.1m. Two per span at 3/8

Eaves Brace Strut 45 x 45mm Pre-galvanised angle. t = 1.6mm up to 1m long t = 2.5mm over 1m long

14

EAVES BEAM BRACE


Where spans exceed 4.5m an Eaves Brace as detailed should be fitted between the Eaves Beam and the first row of Purlins - one Brace at mid span is required up to 6.1m span and two number for spans over 6.1m at 3/8 and 5/8 positions. Two types of Eaves Brace are available to suit both Pre-punched, Standard or Counter Formed Holes. The design of UltraBEAM Eaves Beam means the need for packing pieces between the Eaves Brace Bottom Bracket and the Section Web is eradicated. The two bolt connection between the Strut and the Bottom Bracket affords restraint to the Eaves Beam against rotation - especially when utilising an Eaves Beam to support external gutters.

EAVES BRACE BOTTOM BRACKET *** EBC- FOR CSK HOLES


*** = (Section Depth Reference) 20 40 35

EAVES BRACE BOTTOM BRACKET *** EBS FOR STANDARD HOLES


*** = (Section Depth Reference) 40 20 35

40 40

14

SERIES 200 50mm SERIES 255 105mm

40

14 14

14

40

100

12.5

40

100

EAV
+2 -0

ES
41
Series 200 = 50mm Series 255 = 105mm

EAVES BEAM
COUNTER FORMED HOLES
A = Max. Dim. 155mm A = Min. Dim. 145mm A A = Max. Dim. 210mm A = Min. Dim. 200mm

UltraBEAM

STANDARD HOLES

200 255

Series 200 = 50mm Series 255 = 105mm

200 255

A = 98mm

A A = 153mm
+2 -0

ALL HOLES FOR Grade 8.8 M12 BOLTS

To suit sheeting Line Dimension

ALL HOLES FOR Grade 8.8 M12 BOLTS

To suit sheeting Line Dimension

WORKING LOADS (kN UDL)


SECTION
200-90-18 200-90-20 200-90-25 255-90-18 255-90-20 255-90-25

4.5
15.90 18.22 -

5.0
14.31 16.40 21.67 -

5.5
12.38 14.00 18.07 -

6.0
10.40 11.77 15.18 16.88 19.31 25.36

SPAN IN METRES 6.5 7.0 7.5


8.86 10.03 12.94 15.58 17.82 23.20 11.15 13.72 15.52 20.00 11.95 13.36 17.43

8.0
11.89 15.31

8.5
10.52 13.56

9.0
9.39 12.10

9.5
10.86

10.0
9.80

In all cases the working load tables as published require the Eaves Beam to be connected to the first Purlin by an Eaves Brace which acts to limit rotation of the Eaves Beam and to transmit Horizontal Wind Load through the diaphragm action of the roof. 1 Eaves Brace at mid-span up to 6.1 metres. 2 Eaves Braces at 3/8 & 5/8 points over 6.1 metres.

q BASED UPON MAXIMUM HORIZONTAL WIND LOAD OF 1kN/m. RUN.

q DEFLECTION BASED ON SPAN/180.

ALTERNATIVELY OUR COMPUTER SOFTWARE MAY BE UTILISED.

SIDE RAIL SUPPORT HANGER ASSEMBLY


Structural Sections Eaves Beams may be utilised to support 145-200 Series Side Cladding Rails via our Side Rail Support Hanger Assembly. The Hanger Bracket and Tubular Strut which combine to make up the Assembly are connected to the lower flange of the Eaves Beam by a M12 Bolt. The Hanger Bracket has slotted holes which facilitate the differing gauge line back marks for the 145/170 and 200 Series Side Rails. Suitable for use with screw fixed metal cladding up to 0.12kN/m2 the Support Hanger Assembly may be used without recourse to the use of an Eaves Beam Stiffener Cleat providing the height of the supported cladding does not exceed 6 metres. Where cladding height exceeds 6 metres, up to a maximum height of 10 metres, a Web Stiffener Cleat is required bolted to the Eaves Beam Web via M12 Counter Sunk Headed Bolts. The Eaves Brace length should be shortened by 5mm when used in conjunction with a Web Stiffener Cleat.
Standard Eaves Brace UltraBEAM Eaves Beam

Counter Formed Holes (only necessary with Web Stiffener Cleat)

Web Stiffener Cleat (optional see text opposite)

M12 x 25mm Bolt Top Bracket

Type T Strut

UltraBEAM/ZED 145-200 Series Type T Strut For ordering details and dimensions see Detailers Guide.

SIDE RAIL SUPPORT HANGER ASSEMBLY

COMPOUND C OMPOUND UltraBEAM


42
COMPOUND BEAMS
A pair of UltraBEAM sections bolted back-to-back to form a Compound Beam may be utilised as a Column Tie or Gutter Support at both Eaves and Valley positions. UltraBEAM sections are fully compounded by bolting together sections using Grade 8.8 M12 bolts fixed in pairs through the standard gauge line holes spaced at 1000mm maximum centres. Sections are connected to the main steel frame using simple flat Cleats (by others) as detailed on page 43 and should be restrained at mid span up to 6.1m and 3/8 and 5/8 positions on spans over 6.1m using our Compound Beam Brace .

COMPOUND BEAM

B D C Y

C D
Dim. A 1455016 75 100 100 100 100 125 125 155 155 155 185 185 185 Dim. B 100 100 100 126 126 126 126 150 150 150 150 150 150

Y
Dim. C 35 35 35 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 Dim. D 12 12 12 14 14 14 14 17 17 17 17 17 17 Dim. E 37 62 62 50 50 75 75 105 105 105 135 135 135

The sections listed are those most widely used but any of the UltraBEAM range may be c o m pounded. For further design information please consult our Technical Department. Compound Beams may also be used as Brickwork Restraints (page 38) and Parapet Posts (page 31).

1705016 1705020 2006316 2006320 2256316 2256320 2557516 2557518

ALL HOLES 14mm DIAMETER USE GRADE 8.8 M12 BOLTS.

2557525 2857518 2857520 2857525

COMPOUND SECTION 1455016 1705016 1705020 2006316 2006320 2256316 2256320 2557516 2557518 2557525 2857518 2857520 2857525

AREA mm2 848 926 1130 1116 1396 1214 1518 1382 1556 2164 1662 1848 2310

WEIGHT kg/m 6.66 7.28 9.10 8.76 10.96 9.52 10.52 10.86 12.22 16.98 13.04 14.50 18.14

Ixx cm4 164.20 385.98 479.46 651.08 810.08 878.64 1209.10 1308.18 1471.72 2029.54 1919.78 2130.32 2650.02

Iyy cm4 49.80 64.88 80.44 79.82 93.88 95.58 142.27 226.97 254.90 352.64 331.62 365.31 449.52

Ryy cm 2.44 2.67 2.67 2.68 2.60 2.76 3.01 4.08 4.06 4.07 4.48 4.47 4.45

Zxx cm3 36.28 45.22 56.10 64.88 80.64 77.80 96.22 102.24 115.04 158.44 134.30 148.96 185.14

Zxr cm3 36.12 45.04 56.08 63.32 80.36 75.86 96.20 98.54 110.86 158.06 129.64 146.38 184.72

Q 0.95 0.88 0.94 0.88 0.94 0.80 0.86 0.83 0.84 0.88 0.72 0.77 0.83

COMPOUND BEAM

COMPOUND C OMPOUND UltraBEAM


43

30

33 22 min. COMPOUND BEAM BRACE AT MID SPAN UP TO 6.1m AND OVER 6.1m AT 3/8 & 5/8 POSITIONS

B A

Holes 14 for Grade 8.8 M12 Bolts

COMPOUND BEAM CLEAT (BY OTHERS - Dim. in mm) SECTION 145 170 200 225 255 285 Dim. A 75
+0 -2 +0

Dim. B 37 62 50 75 105 135

100 - 2
+0 100 - 2 +0 125 - 2

155 - 2 185 - 2
+0

+0

COMPOUND BEAM BRACE


COMPOUND BEAM BRACE
To provide lateral restraint to Compound Beams it is necessary to fit a Compound Beam Brace between the Beam and adjacent row of Purlins. One Compound Beam Brace is required at mid span up to 6.1m and two number for spans over 6.1m at 3/8 and 5/8 points. The Compound Beam Brace is connected to the section through the upper hole of a pair of 14mm holes punched on standard gauge lines.
60

Detail shows Purlin Tie arrangement for Screw Fixed Cladding


20

Bracket x 2
40 This leg 60mm 20

Pre-galvanised material All holes 14mm dia. for Grade 8.8 M12 bolts

CEILING
44

UltraBEAM
PRIMARY SUPPORTS FOR SUSPENDED CEILINGS

SUSPENDED CEILING PRIMARY SUPPORT BEAMS

Where a structural support system is required to support a Suspended Ceiling UltraBEAM Sections provide a light weight and cost effective solution. Section may be supplied as p r e - engineered lengths cut and pierced to customer requirements or supplied in plain lengths for on site working as required. Standard order forms for detailing UltraBEAM Sections are available.

FOR CLEATED END SUPPORT CONNECTION


UltraBEAM Section should be fixed as opposing pairs with lateral restraint afforded by either our SRS Type Strut fitted between pairs or by screw fixing (2 number screws per connection) our 45x45x1.6 Cleader Angle to the top flange of all adjacent sections. Maximum unrestrained length of section is 3000mm in both cases. UltraBEAM load capacities may be taken from the load table below.

FOR SUSPENDED SUPPORT CONNECTION - IE. WITHOUT FIXED CLEAT


UltraBEAM Section should be fixed as opposing pairs but in this c a s e l a t eral support is required at maximum 2000mm centres along the Beam length. UltraBEAM load capacities may be taken from the load table below. In ALL cases the Lateral Supports must be secured to a structural member or perimeter wall to prevent movement of the ceiling grid. Our Technical Department will be pleased to advise on the selection and use of UltraBEAM ceiling grid support sections.

SUSPENDED CEILING SUPPORT SYSTEM Sec. Ref. 3.0 3.5 4.0 4.5

SINGLE SPAN 6.0 6.5 7.0

SPAN/200 7.5 8.0

SPAN IN METRES 5.0 5.5

SECTION CAPACITY UDL IN kN PER SPAN.


1455012 1455013 1705012 1705013 2006312 2006313 2256314 2256316 7.61 6.39 6.92 4.90 5.30 7.10 3.87 4.19 5.64 6.11 3.13 3.39 4.57 4.95 7.61 8.34 2.59 2.80 3.78 4.10 6.36 6.89 2.17 2.35 3.17 3.43 5.34 5.79 8.42 9.62 2.70 2.93 4.56 4.93 7.18 8.21 2.53 3.92 4.26 6.19 7.07 3.42 3.71 5.39 6.16 3.01 3.25 4.74 5.42

1 kN = 98.1 Kg MAXIMUM UNRESTRAINED LENGTH OF SECTION:CLEATED END SUPPORT CONNECTION = 3000mm (SEE TEXT) SUSPENDED SUPPORT CONNECTION = 2000mm (SEE TEXT)

UltraBEAM
SYSTEMS
FLOOR BEAMS
UltraBEAM sections provide class leading performance for Floor Beam applications including: MEZZANINE PLATFORMS STORAGE & WORK AREAS WALKWAYS PLANT FLOORS Commercial applications including: OFFICES HOTELS ACCOMMODATION BUILDINGS DOMESTIC FLOORS BUILDING AND LOFT CONVERSIONS REFURBISHMENT PROJECTS REPLACEMENT BEAMS UPGRADING WORK Accurately engineered from h i g h tensile pre-galvanised steel, UltraBEAM Floor Beam systems offer a reliable alternative to traditional materials. Simple end connection details and the ability to be site worked makes them eminently suitable for a wide range of uses - even where p r e - e n g i neered solutions may be impractical.

FLOOR

45

CLEAT FIXED SINGLE SPAN

CLEAT FIXED DOUBLE SPAN

SINGLE/DOUBLE SPAN FLANGE FIXED

INSET

UltraBEAM
46

FLOOR
SECTION REFERENCE CODE EXAMPLE :SECTION Reference t mm Thickness AREA mm2 1456312 1456313 1456316 1.20 1.30 1.60 347 376 463

SECTION PROPERTIES UltraBEAM FLOOR BEAMS


2006316 200 = DEPTH (mm ) 63 = FLANGE WIDTH (mm) 16 = THICKNESS ie 1.6mm

Weight kg/m

Ixx cm4

Iyy cm4

Ryy cm

Zxx cm3

Zxr cm3

XCG cm

XSG cm

Q FACTOR

2.72 2.95 3.63

115.08 124.67 153.44

16.84 18.24 22.45

2.20 2.20 2.15

15.83 17.15 21.10

13.85 15.00 19.57

1.85 1.86 1.86

4.30 4.29 4.24

0.80 0.84 0.91

1706312 1706313 1706316

1.20 1.30 1.60

376 408 504

2.95 3.20 3.95

166.64 180.52 221.75

17.71 19.14 23.36

2.17 2.17 2.15

19.55 21.17 25.99

17.21 19.22 25.12

1.71 1.72 1.72

4.08 4.07 4.04

0.75 0.78 0.87

2006312 2006313 2006316 2006320

1.20 1.30 1.60 2.00

416 452 558 698

3.27 3.55 4.38 5.48

244.43 264.86 325.54 405.04

19.00 20.54 25.07 30.92

2.14 2.13 2.12 2.10

24.38 26.41 32.44 40.32

22.00 24.45 31.66 40.18

1.65 1.65 1.66 1.66

3.87 3.87 3.84 3.81

0.78 0.81 0.88 0.94

2256314 2256316 2256320

1.40 1.60 2.00

530 607 759

4.16 4.76 5.26

385.32 439.32 604.55

24.62 27.81 33.89

2.16 2.14 2.11

34.15 38.90 48.11

32.45 37.93 48.15

1.62 1.63 1.64

3.88 3.86 3.80

0.79 0.80 0.86

2557516 2557518 2557525

1.60 1.80 2.50

691 778 1082

5.43 6.11 8.49

654.09 735.86 1014.77

44.53 50.10 68.15

2.53 2.53 2.51

51.12 57.52 79.22

49.27 55.43 79.03

1.88 1.89 1.90

4.80 4.56 4.50

0.83 0.84 0.88

2857518 2857520 2857525

1.80 2.00 2.50

831 924 1155

6.52 7.25 9.07

959.89 1065.16 1325.01

51.70 57.13 70.34

2.49 2.49 2.47

67.15 74.48 92.57

64.82 73.19 92.36

1.77 1.78 1.79

4.36 4.34 4.31

0.74 0.77 0.83

UltraBEAM
UltraBEAM FLOOR BEAMS DIMENSIONS

FLOOR

47

Dim. A

Dim. B

Dim. C

Dim. D

Dim. E

Dim. F

Dim. G

Dim. H

ALL HOLES 14mm Dia. FOR Grade 8.8 M12 BOLTS SERIES 145 170

145.0 145.0 145.0

63.0 63.0 63.0

75.0 75.0 75.0

14.0 14.0 14.0

35.0 35.0 35.0

9.0 9.0 9.0

37.0 37.0 37.0

25.0 25.0 25.0 D F B

170.0 170.0 170.0

63.0 63.0 63.0

100.0 100.0 100.0

14.0 14.0 14.0

35.0 35.0 35.0

9.0 9.0 9.0

62.0 62.0 62.0

25.0 25.0 25.0

C A

E H

SERIES 200 225


200.0 200.0 200.0 200.0 63.0 63.0 63.0 63.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 14.0 14.0 14.0 14.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 42.0 42.0 42.0 42.0 D F B

G 225.0 225.0 225.0 63.0 63.0 63.0 125.0 125.0 125.0 14.0 14.0 14.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 12.5 12.5 12.5 75.0 75.0 75.0 42.0 42.0 42.0 H

C A

SERIES 255 285


255.0 255.0 255.0 75.0 75.0 75.0 155.0 155.0 155.0 17.0 17.0 17.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 12.5 12.5 12.5 105.0 105.0 105.0 42.0 42.0 42.0 D F B

285.0 285.0 285.0

75.0 75.0 75.0

185.0 185.0 185.0

17.0 17.0 17.0

50.0 50.0 50.0

12.5 12.5 12.5

135.0 135.0 135.0

42.0 42.0 42.0

C A

UltraBEAM FLOOR SECTIONS Quality steel to BSEN 10143: 1993 and BSEN 10147: 1992 with a minimum yield stress of 350N/mm2. Pre-hot dipped galvanised to BSEN 10147: 1993. Coating Z275. All dimensions in mm. Drawings not to scale.

UltraBEAM
48

FLOOR
INSET CLEATS
C D

CONNECTION CLEATS
MFS SERIES FOR PRIMARY BEAMS WHERE DIM. Q = 85mm MAX
Section 145 170 200 225 255 285 Thickness 5 5 5 5 5 5 Dim. A 110 110 110 110 110 110 Dim. B 30 30 30 30 35 35 Dim. C 37 62 50 75 105 135 Dim. D 75 100 100 125 155 185 Reference MFS - 145 MFS - 170 MFS - 200 MFS - 225 MFS - 255 MFS - 285

22

22

GALVANISED FINISH - ALL HOLES 14mm FOR Grade 8.8 M12 BOLTS

MFL SERIES FOR PRIMARY BEAMS WHERE DIM. Q = 86- 105mm


Section 145 170 200 225 255 285 Thickness 6 6 6 6 6 6 Dim. A 130 130 130 130 130 130 Dim. B 30 30 30 30 35 35 Dim. C 37 62 50 75 105 135 Dim. D 75 100 100 125 155 185 Reference MFL - 145 MFL - 170 MFL - 200 MFL - 225 MFL - 255 MFL - 285 From inside face of beam web Q

5mm

SPAN

SPAN

20mm Min.

TOP CLEAT FOR SINGLE SPANNING OR DOUBLE SPANNING SYSTEMS

Section 110 66 145 170 200 A B C 66 25 5 25


GALVANISED FINISH ALL HOLES 14mm FOR Grade 8.8 M12 BOLTS

Dim. A 37 62 50 75 105 135

Dim. B 119 144 153 178 208 238

Dim. C 60 60 81 81 81 81

Reference MTC145 MTC170 MTC200 MTC225 MTC255 MTC285 6mm

225 255 285

6mm

UltraBEAM
FLANGE FIX SYSTEM AND TIE BARS
FLANGE FIX SYSTEM
UltraBEAM Floor Beam sections may be fixed directly to support s t r u c tures by bolting through the bottom flange. Carrying capacity is reduced due to limitations imposed b y w e b c r u s h ing, however this system does offer some advantages due to fewer component parts and s i m p l i fied end connections especially for refurbishment projects where on site adjustments may be necessary. Load tables are detailed for both Single and Double Span Systems and l i s t e d under bearing dimension headings.

FLOOR
20mm Min.

49

6mm Between Beams

Bearing Width

MAX OVERHANG = SPAN/12

Dim. A. 145 - 170 SERIES = 25mm 200 - 285 SERIES = 42mm

TIE BARS
UltraBEAM Floor Beams must be designed as opposing pairs with a Tubular Strut Type F (see page 29) or a 12mm diameter Threaded Rod fixed at mid span as shown. TIES MUST BE FITTED PRIOR TO THE LAYING OF FLOOR DECKING.

STRUT LENGTH

BEAM CENTRES

BEAM CENTRES

BEAM CENTRES

BEAM CENTRES

BEAM CENTRES

12mm Hex Head Bolt & Washer (each end) 12mm ALL THREAD

TUBE STRUT TYPE F Preferred method ensures exact spacing of UltraBEAM Sections.

UltraBEAM
50

FLOOR
CLEAT FIXED SINGLE SPAN
3

HOLE CONFIGURATIONS

STANDARD HOLE DETAILS. ALL HOLES ARE 14mm DIAMETER FOR Grade 8.8 M12 BOLTS We recommend that all bolts and washers are plated or galvanised against corrosion.

CLEATS
SPAN 3 110 22 37 60 min. 66 22 62 60 min.

145

54 37 54 30 30

145

170

54 62 54

170

200

75 50 75

22 50

200

81 min.

75

225

75 75

22 75

225

81 min.

75 22

255

105 75

105

255

81 min.

75

22 135

285

135 75 30 Length of Rail = SPAN less 6mm 30 66 MAX. OVERHANG = SPAN/8

285

81 min.

CLEAT FIXED DOUBLE SPAN


3 SPAN SPAN 3 110 22 37 60 min. 66 22 62 60 min.

145

54 37 54 30 66 30

145

170

54 62 54

170

200

75 50 75

22 50

200

81 min.

75

225

75 75

22 75

225

81 min.

75

22 105

255

105 75

255

81 min.

75

22 135

285

135 75 30 66 Length of Rail = SPAN + SPAN less 6mm 30 66 MAX. OVERHANG = SPAN/8

285

81 min.

UltraBEAM
MASONRY CONNECTIONS
GENERAL
UltraBEAM Floor Beams should be designed as opposing pairs tied at mid span as shown on page 49 prior to the laying of Floor Decking. Floor Decking must be securely fixed with S e l f Ta p p i n g o r s i m i l a r s c r e w s i n accordance with Decking Manufacturers recommendations so that lateral restraint is afforded to the UltraBEAM top (compression) flange at no more than 1000mm maximum fastener spacing. All fixing Connection Bolts to be plated M12 Grade 8.8 set screws with 2 number washers fitted unless Counter Sunk Headed Bolts are used. If primary structural steel requirements call for lateral restraint to be provided to the lower flange of primary members our Rafter/Column Restraints may provide a solution - for further assistance contact our Technical Department. Deflection should be considered with sympathy for use to which the floor may be subjected - both as a ratio of span and for dimensional movement on large spans.

FLOOR
FIG. 2 FIG. 3

51

FIG. 1

Cleat Fixing

Flange Fixing Direct to Padstone (Chemical Anchor or Similar). Protect Area of contact with Padstone using suitable Barrier finish. Load Bearing Padstone

TO SPECIFY UltraBEAM FLOOR BEAM SECTIONS:- (example) STRUCTURAL SECTIONS LTD. UltraBEAM ref:-2006316 SINGLE SPAN INSET SYSTEM. Fixed in accordance with manufacturers recommendations. Telephone: 0121 558 3222

MASONRY CONNECTION DETAIL


UltraBEAM sections may be fixed either through web connections or flange fixed with their design capacity being taken from the relevant load tables. When connecting UltraBEAM sections to existing walls one of the methods detailed should be employed and the structure checked for suitability and safety. Consideration should be given to ensuring that all Beams are level and some form of adjustment may be desirable. Where end connections are required to be within the depth of the Floor Beam section - for example to accept a directly fixed ceiling the details shown in figs. 1, 7 and 8 may be considered. Fig 7 and 8 should also be considered where it is desirable to avoid excessive localised loading around the end of Beam connections. For walls under construction the detail shown in figure 6 offers a more traditional method of end connection using face fixed Angle Ties which are bolted in position after the Beam has been built into the wall under construction. The end of the Beam built into the wall should be set on a suitable padstone and protected against chemical attack with a suitable barrier finish. Where UltraBEAM sections are required to oversail walls figures 2 and 3 show typical c o n struction methods. If a flange fixed s o l u tion is chosen the contact area of the section with the padstone should be protected with a suitable barrier against corrosive attack by chemical reaction.

FIG. 4
Flange Fixed to Ledger

FIG. 5
Cleat Fixed to Ledger

FIG. 6
Built-in with Face Fixed Angle Tie

UltraBEAM
52

FLOOR
FIG. 7
Grade 8.8 M12 CSK Headed Bolt Ledger to wall fixing bolts not shown. See Fig. 8.

MASONRY CONNECTIONS AND SERVICES

FIG. 8

Masonry Connection through Pre-punched Holes

UltraBEAM Ledger Minimum 2mm THK

UltraBEAM Ledger Minimum 2mm THK

UltraBEAM Connecting Cleat for CSK Holes See Fig. 7.

SERVICES
If site working of UltraBEAM sections are necessary the design parameters governing hole sizes and positions should be adhered to. Services should be suspended below Beams, through prepared holes or within a suitable space designed b e t w e e n t h e B e a m a n d i t s c o n n e ction with the wall. UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES SHOULD UltraBEAM SECTIONS BE NOTCHED TO ALLOW THE PASSAGE OF SERVICES OR FOR ANY OTHER REASON WITHOUT CONSULTING OUR TECHNICAL DEPARTMENT. Where services are in contact with UltraBEAM members consideration to the effect of section e d g e s s h o u l d b e g i v e n a n d s u i t a b l e p r o t e c tion specified if necessary. For further assistance on the use of UltraBEAM Floor Beam Sections please consult our Technical Department

FIG. 9

Pre-pierced Hole

Service Gap

Cable Tie or similar

CALCULATION OF POINT LOADS


When designing Purlins to carry point loads such as suspended services the following simple beam analysis utilising working loads may be used. 1. Calculate the general design load for the Beam as follows:Dead load 0.25 KN/m2 Service load 0.15 KN/m2 Super load 4.8 KN/m2 Total load = 5.2 KN/m2 If a beam span of 4 metres at centres of .610 metres is considered the total UDL for the above is:- 4 x 0.61 x 5.2 = 12.69kN.

A
P

B L

2.

If a point load of 1.5kN is required to be supported from the web of the Beam at a point of 1.5 metres from its end the Beam capacity may be derived as follows:-

Where:P = 1.5kN, . A = 1.5 metres, B = 2.5 metres L = 4 metres

PAB Moment (M) = L M= 1.5 x 1.5 x 2.5 4 = 1.41 kNm W = 1.41 x 8 = 2.82 kN 4

3. 4. 5. NB:-

This gives an equivalent UDL of:-

WL = 1.41 kNm therefore 8

Total UDL applied to Beam:12.69 + 2.82 = 15.51 kN From the load tables select the Beam required, ie. from single span load tables select:- UltraBEAM section 2256314 section capacity = 17.64kN. Deflection caused by point loads is more onerous than that caused by uniform loads. Therefore deflection should be considered whenever point loads are applied.

BEAM UltraZED

MATERIAL WEIGHTS

53

MATERIAL THICKNESS in mm STEEL CLADDING 0.30 0.40 0.45 0.50 0.55 0.60 0.70

MATERIAL WEIGHT kn/m2 kg/m2 3.1 3.6 4.2 4.8 5.5 6.2 7.1 12.2 0.030 0.035 0.041 0.047 0.054 0.061 0.070 0.120 0.016 0.026 0.034 0.060

Double Skin Steel with insulated core ALUMINIUM CLADDING 0.50 0.70 0.90 -

1.6 2.6 3.5 6.1

Double Skin aluminium with insulation core CEMENT FIBRE CLADDING Single Skin 9mm Insulated Double Cladding with batons CONCRETE ROOF TILES OVER PURLIN LININGS 12.5mm Insulated Fibre Board on Steel Tees 9.5mm Plaster Board on Steel Tees 12.5 mm Plaster Board on Steel Tees 9.5mm Insulation Board on Steel Tees 30mm Polyurethane Foam 60mm Glass Fibre 80mm Glass Fibre 100mm Glass Fibre GLASS 4mm Glass 6mm Glass 2 x 4mm Double Glazing 8mm Glass FLOOR DECKING 25mm Hardwood Particle Board 38mm Hardwood Particle Board 38mm Softwood Particle Board 25mm Heavy Duty Chipboard 30mm Heavy Duty Chipboard 38mm Heavy Duty Chipboard 18mm Flooring Grade Chipboard 22mm Flooring Grade Chipboard

16.0 24.0 30.0 66.0

0.160 0.235 0.295 0.650

4.39 8.26 11.22 7.85 1.02 0.70 0.90 1.10

0.043 0.081 0.110 0.077 0.010 0.007 0.009 0.011

4 6 8

11.2 16.8 24.0 22.4

0.110 0.165 0.235 0.220

25 38 38 25 30 38 18 22

19.01 28.9 26.5 17.6 20.0 26.8 13.0 15.8

0.186 0.284 0.260 0.173 0.196 0.263 0.128 0.155

The above information is for general guidance only and Structural Sections Limited accept no liability for the accuracy of the figures. Where exact weights are required, reference to manufacturers own data should be sought.