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NM20 MOTOR PROTECTION RELAY MULTIFUNCTION PROTECTION FOR LARGE SIZE MOTORS — Application The relay type

NM20

MOTOR PROTECTION RELAY MULTIFUNCTION PROTECTION FOR LARGE SIZE MOTORS

RELAY MULTIFUNCTION PROTECTION FOR LARGE SIZE MOTORS — Application The relay type NM20 can be used
— Application The relay type NM20 can be used for protection of large size motors
— Application
The relay type NM20 can be used for protection of large size motors in MV systems with any grounded systems
(solidly grounded, ungrounded or Petersen coil and/or resistance grounded) on feeders of any length.
- Protective & control functions
NM20
26
Thermal by Pt100 probes
52
27
74TCS
27
27V1
47
81O/81U
27V1
32R
Undervoltage
Positive-sequence undervoltage
Active reverse power
37
59
59V2
74VT
37P
Undercurrent
Low forward power
40
Loss of field
59N
46
Negative-sequence overcurrent
47
Phase reversal
49
67N
50N/51N
50/51
Thermal image
Phase overcurrent
51LR(48)/14 Locked rotor
50N/51N
Residual overcurrent
32R
37P
40
55
55
Minimum power factor
59
BF
59V2
37
46
49
50/51
59N
Overvoltage
Negative-sequence overvoltage
Residual overvoltage
66
51LR(48)/14
66
74CT
67N
81O
81U
26
BF
MPT
74CT
74VT
M
74TCS
Maximum number of startings (Restart inhibition)
Directional earth fault overcurrent
Overfrequency
Underfrequency
Circuit breaker failure
CTs monitoring
VTs monitoring
Trip circuit supervision
3~
Control functions
COMMUNICATION
- RS232
METERING
- Modbus RS485
I L3 ,I 1 ,I 2 ,Δθ,I E ,U 1
- I L1
- Modbus TCP/IP
- Oscillography
- IEC 870-5-103/DNP3
- Events & Faults log

NM20 - Flyer- 08 - 2012

Measuring inputs

— Measuring inputs — Programming and settings • Three phase current inputs and one residual current

Programming and settings

• Three phase current inputs and one residual current input,

All relay programming and adjustment operations may be per-

with

nominal currents independently selectable at 1 A or 5 A

formed through MMI (Keyboard and display) or using a Personal

through DIP-switches.

 

Computer with the aid of the ThySetter software.

• Three phase voltage inputs with programmable nominal volt-

The same PC setup software is required to set, monitor and con-

ages

within range

50

130

V (U R =100 V) or 200

520

V (U R =400 V)

figure all Pro_N devices.

and

one residual voltage input, with programmable nominal

Full access to the available data is provided:

voltage within range 50

130 V (U ER =100 V).

Note - Polarity and phase sequence of currents and voltages inputs may be set by the user.

Firmware updating

The use of flash memory units allows on-site firmware updating.

Two set point profiles (A,B)

Two independent groups of settings are provided. Switching from profiles may be operated by means of MMI, binary input and communication.

Construction

According to the hardware configurations, the NM20 protection relay can be shipped in various case styles depending on the required mounting options (flush, projecting mounting, rack or with separate operator panel).

Binary inputs

Two binary inputs are available with programmable active state (active-ON/active-OFF) and programmable timer (active to OFF/ ON or ON/OFF transitions). Several presettable functions can be associated to each input.

Modular design

In order to extend I/O capability, the NM20 hardware can be cus-

tomized through external auxiliary modules:

MRI

- Output relays and LEDs

MID16 - Binary inputs

MCI

- 4

20

mA converter

MPT

- Pt100 probe inputs.

20 mA converter • MPT - Pt100 probe inputs. — Blocking output One output blocking circuit

Blocking output

One output blocking circuit is provided. The output blocking circuits of one or several Pro_N relays, shunted together, must be connected to the input blocking cir- cuit of the protection relay, which is installed upstream in the electric plant. The output circuit works as a simple contact,

whose condition is detected by the input circuit of the upstream protection relay. For long distances, when high insulation and high EMC immunity

is

essential, a suitable pilot wire to fiber optic converter (BFO)

is

available.

Output relays

Six output relays are available (two changeover, three make and one break contacts); each relay may be individually programmed

as normal state (normally energized, de-energized or pulse) and

reset mode (manual or automatic).

A programmable timer is provided for each relay (minimum

pulse width). The user may program the function of each relay according to a matrix (tripping matrix) structure.

• Read status and measures.

• Read/edit settings (on-line or off-line edit).

Two session level (User or Administrator) with password for sen-

sible data access are provided.

ThySetterThySetter
ThySetterThySetter

Communication

Multiple communication interfaces are implemented:

• One RS232 local communication front-end interface for com- munication with ThySetter setup software

• Two back-end interfaces for communication with remote mon- itoring and control systems by:

- RS485 port using ModBus® RTU, IEC 60870-5-103 or DNP3

protocol.

- Ethernet port (RJ45 or optical fiber) using ModBus/TCP or IEC61850 protocol.

A A PhV PhV A A PhV PhV Pos Pos Pos Pos Amps Amps Volts
A A
PhV
PhV
A A
PhV
PhV
Pos
Pos
Pos
Pos
Amps
Amps
Volts
Volts
Amps
Amps
Volts
Volts
Position
Position
Position
Position
MX MX
DC DC
ST
ST
CO
CO
Measurements
Measurements
Descriptions
Descriptions
Status
Status
Controls
Controls
Logical Nodes
Logical Nodes
MMXU1
MMXU1
XCBR2
XCBR2
Measurement Unit #1
Measurement Unit #1
Circuit Breaker #2
Circuit Breaker #2
Logical Device
Logical Device
Physical Device
Physical Device
Native integration with IEC61850
Native integration with IEC61850

2

NM20 - Flyer- 08 - 2012

— MMI (Man Machine Interface) The user interface comprises a membrane keyboard, a backlight LCD

MMI (Man Machine Interface)

The user interface comprises a membrane keyboard, a backlight LCD alphanumeric display and eight LEDs. The green ON LED indicates auxiliary power supply and self di- agnostics, two LEDs are dedicated to the Start and Trip (yellow for Start, red for Trip) and five red LEDs are user assignable.

Start, red for Trip) and five red LEDs are user assignable. — Control and monitoring Several

Control and monitoring

Several predefined functions are implemented:

• Activation of two set point profiles

• Phase CTs monitoring (74CT)

• Phase VTs monitoring (74VT)

• Logic selectivity

• Cold load pickup (CLP) with block or setting change

• Trip circuit supervision (74TCS)

• Remote tripping

• Synchronization

• Circuit Breaker commands and diagnostic

Moreover user defined logic must be customized in accordance with IEC 61131-3 protocol by means programmable logic control-

ler (PLC).

Circuit Breaker Several diagnostic, monitoring and control functions are provided:

• Health thresholds can be set; when the accumulated duty (ΣI or ΣI 2 t), the number of operations or the opening time exceeds the threshold an alarm is activated.

• Breaker failure (BF); breaker status is monitored by means 52a-52b and/or through line current measurements.

• Trip circuit supervision (74TCS).

• Breaker control; opening and closing commands can be car- ried out locally or remotely.

Virtual I/O Through ThySetter and ThyVisor tools the type of operation and

8) and

ten virtual inputs (Virtual Inputs - VIN1

using RPC or IEC 61850 communication protocols over Ethernet network. The system allows:

• Availability of eight inputs and ten outputs independently pro- grammable by the user

• Simplify wiring using one channel as the Ethernet

• Eliminate the need to install communication devices and / or external conversion

• Significantly reduce costs

• Dynamically change from sw connections and associated functions. The virtual I / O can be usefully employed for:

• Transmit information between protections installed in dis- tance

• Achieve accelerated logic discrimination in which some pro- tection elements can be blocked by the activation of the down- stream protection start

• Circuit Breaker commands, Selection of setting profiles, Re- mote trip, etc

VIN10) may be defined

links between eight outputs (Virtual Output - VOUT1

Logic selectivity With the aim of providing a fast selective protection system some protective functions may be blocked. The selectivity logic may be accomplished by:

• input and output block circuits,

• output relays and logic inputs,

• virtual input and output with messages on Ethernet network.

To guarantee maximum fail-safety, the relay performs a run time monitoring for pilot wire continuity and pilot wire shorting. Ex- actly the output blocking circuit periodically produces a pulse, with small width in order to be ignored as an effective blocking signal by the input blocking circuit of the upstream protection, but suitable to prove continuity of the pilot wire. Furthermore a permanent activation (or better, with a duration longer than a preset time) of the blocking signal is identified, as a warning for a possible short circuit in the pilot wire or in the output circuit of the downstream protection.

Cold Load Pickup (CLP) Cold load pickup element prevents unwanted tripping in case of temporary overcurrents produced when a feeder is being con- nected after an extended outage (e.g. motor starting). Two different operating modes are provided:

• Each protective element can be blocked for a setting time.

• Each threshold can be increased for a setting time.

Self diagnostics

All hardware and software functions are repeatedly checked and any anomalies reported via display messages, communica- tion interfaces, LEDs and output relays. Anomalies may refer to:

• Hw faults (auxiliary power supply, output relay coil interrup- tions, MMI board )

• Sw faults (boot and run time tests for data base, EEPROM memory checksum failure, data BUS, )

• Circuit breaker faults.

Metering

NM20 provides metering values for phase and residual currents and voltages, making them available for reading on a display or to communication interfaces. Input signals are sampled 24 times per period and the RMS value of the fundamental component is measured using the DFT (Discrete Fourier Transform) algorithm and digital filtering. With DFT the RMS value of 2nd, some har- monic of phase current are also measured. On the base of the direct measurements, the minimum-peak- fixed-rolling demand, mean-minimum-maximum absolute phase currents, active and reactive power/energy, power factor are processed. The measured signals can be displayed with refer- ence to nominal values or directly expressed in amperes, volts, watt, var, wh and varh.

Event storage

Several useful data are stored for diagnostic purpose; the events are stored into a non volatile memory. They are graded from the newest to the older after the “Events reading” command (ThySetter) is issued:

• Sequence of Event Recorder (SER) The event recorder runs continuously capturing in circular mode the last three hundred events upon trigger of binary in- put/output.

• Sequence of Fault Recorder (SFR) The event recorder runs continuously capturing in circular mode the last twenty events upon trigger of binary input/output and/or element pickup (start-trip).

• Trip counters

Digital Fault Recorder (DFR)

Upon trigger of tripping/starting of each function or external sig- nals, the relay records in COMTRADE format:

• Oscillography with instantaneous values for transient analysis

RMS values of the measured signals for long time periods analysis

• Logic states (binary inputs and output relays).

Note - A license for Digital Fault Recorder function is required, for purchase procedure please contact Thytronic. The records are stored in nonvolatile memory

NM20 - Flyer- 08 - 2012

3

SPECIFICATIONS GENERAL INPUT CIRCUITS — Mechanical data — Auxiliary power supply Uaux   Mounting:

SPECIFICATIONS

GENERAL

INPUT CIRCUITS

Mechanical data

Auxiliary power supply Uaux

 

Mounting:

flush, projecting, rack or separated operator panel

Nominal value (range) 24

48

Vac/dc, 115

230

Vac/110

220

Vdc

Mass (flush mounting case)

2.0 kg

Operative range (each one of the above nominal values) 19

60

Vac/dc

 

85

265

Vac/75

300

Vdc

Insulation tests

Power consumption:

Reference standards

EN 60255-5

• Maximum (energized relays, Ethernet TX)

10 W (20 VA)

High voltage test 50Hz

2 kV 60 s

• Maximum (energized relays, Ethernet FX)

15 W (25 VA)

Impulse voltage withstand (1.2/50 μs) Insulation resistance

5 kV >100 MΩ

Phase current inputs

Nominal current I n

1 A or 5 A selectable by DIP Switches

Voltage dip and interruption

Permanent overload

25 A

Reference standards

EN 61000-4-29

Thermal overload (1s)

500 A

EMC tests for interference immunity

Rated consumption (for any phase)

≤ 0.002 VA (I n = 1 A) ≤ 0.04 VA (I n = 5 A)

 

1 MHz damped oscillatory wave Electrostatic discharge

EN 60255-22-1

1 kV-2.5 kV 8 kV 4 kV 10 V 10 V/m 2 kV 1 kA/m 2.5 kV 2 kV 10 V

Residual current input

 

EN 60255-22-2

Nominal current I En Permanent overload Thermal overload (1s) Rated consumption

1 A or 5 A selectable by DIP Switch 25 A 500 A ≤ 0.006 VA (I En = 1 A), ≤ 0.012 VA (I En = 5 A)

Fast transient burst (5/50 ns) Conducted radio-frequency fields Radiated radio-frequency fields High energy pulse Magnetic field 50 Hz Damped oscillatory wave Ring wave

EN 60255-22-4

EN 60255-22-6

EN 60255-4-3

EN 61000-4-5

 

EN 61000-4-8

Voltage inputs

EN 61000-4-12

Reference voltage U R Nominal voltage U n

 

100 V or 400 V selectable on order

EN 61000-4-12

50

130

V or 200

520

V selectable by sw

Conducted common mode (0

150

kHz) EN 61000-4-16

 

Permanent overload 1s overload Rated consumption (for any phase)

 

1.3

U R

Emission

 

2

U R ≤ 0.5 VA

Reference standards

EN 61000-6-4 (ex EN 50081-2) Class A Class A

 

Conducted emission 0.15

30

MHz

Residual voltage input

 

Radiated emission 30

1000

MHz

Reference voltage U ER Nominal voltage U En Permanent overload 1 s overload Rated consumption

 

100 V

   

50

130

V adjustable via sw

Climatic tests

   

1.3

U ER

Reference standards

IEC 60068-x, ENEL R CLI 01, CEI 50

2

U ER

 

≤ 0.5 VA

Mechanical tests

 

Reference standards

EN 60255-21-1, 21-2, 21-3

Binary inputs

 

Quantity Type Max permissible voltage Max consumption, energized

 

2

Safety requirements

Reference standards Pollution degree Reference voltage Overvoltage Pulse voltage Reference standards Protection degree:

• Front side

   

dry inputs

 

EN 61010-1

 

19

265

Vac/19

300

Vdc

 

3

 

3 mA

 

250 V

 
 

III

Pt100 inputs (MPT module)

 
 

5 kV

Quantity

8

EN 60529

Range

0

200

°C

IP52

OUTPUT CIRCUITS

 

• Rear side, connection terminals

IP20

Output relays K1

K6

Environmental conditions

Ambient temperature

Storage temperature

Relative humidity

-25

-40

10

+70

+85

95

°C

°C

%

Quantity

• Type of contacts K1, K2

• Type of contacts K3, K4, K5

• Type of contacts K6

6

changeover (SPDT, type C)

make (SPST-NO, type A)

break (SPST-NC, type B)

Atmospheric pressure

 

70

110

kPa

Nominal current Nominal voltage/max switching voltage Breaking capacity:

 

8 A 250 Vac/400 Vac

Certifications

 

Direct current (L/R = 40 ms)

Alternating current (λ = 0,4) Make Short duration current (0,5 s)

 

50 W

Product standard for measuring relays CE conformity

• EMC Directive

 

EN 50263

1250 VA

89/336/EEC

73/23/EEC

 

1000 W/VA

30 A

• Low Voltage Directive Type tests

 

IEC 60255-6

Block output (Logic selectivity)

 

COMMUNICATION INTERFACES

Quantity

1

 

Type

optocoupler

 

Local PC RS232 Network:

 

19200 bps

LEDs

• RS485

1200

57600

bps

Quantity

8

• Ethernet 100BaseT

100 Mbps

• ON/fail (green)

1

Protocol

ModBus® RTU/IEC 60870-5-103/DNP3,TCP/IP,

• Start (yellow)

1

 

IEC61850

• Trip (red)

1

• Allocatable (red)

 

5

4

NM20 - Flyer- 08 - 2012

 
GENERAL SETTINGS — Rated values Relay nominal frequency ( f n ) Relay phase nominal

GENERAL SETTINGS

Rated values

Relay nominal frequency (f n ) Relay phase nominal current I n Phase CTs nominal primary current I np Relay residual nominal current I En Residual CT nominal primary current I Enp Relay nominal voltage (phase-to-phase) (U n )50

Relay nominal voltage (phase-to-ground) E n = U n /√3 Line VT primary nominal voltage (phase-to-phase) (U np ) 50 V

50

Residual primary nominal voltage (phase-to-phase) · √3 (U Enp )

Relay residual nominal voltage (direct measure) (U En )

50, 60 Hz 1 A, 5 A

kA

1 A, 5 A

kA

V

-

500

V

10

1 A

1 A V or 200

10

130

520

kV

130

Binary input timers

ON delay time (IN1 t ON , INx t ON ) OFF delay time (IN1 t OFF , INx t OFF )

Relay output timers

Minimum pulse width t TR

50 V

500

kV

0.00

100.0

s

0.00

100.0

s

0.000

0.500

s

Active reverse power - 32R

P-> Element

P-> Reset time delay (t P -> RES )

0.00

100.0

s

• 32R First threshold definite time (P-> def )

-1.00

-0.01

P

n

P->

Operating time (t P -> def )

0.07

100.0

s

Undercurrent - 37

 

I< Element I< Inhibition time (t inh <) Definite time

0.00

200

s

37

First threshold definite time (I< def )

0.30

1.00

I

B

I< def Operating time (t< def )

0.10

600

s

Underpower - 37P

P+< Element

• CB-37P delay (t ARM - P +<)

0.07

300

s

• 37P First threshold definite time (P+< def )

0.01

1.20

P n

• P+< def Operating time (t P +< def )

0.07

100.0

s

Loss of field - 40

Starting control

CLP control

PROTECTIVE FUNCTIONS

Base current - IB

• Common configuration:

Operating mode

Motor/Generator

IRUN or CB

Undervoltage threshold (U SUP < ) Alarm Element

0.50

1.00

U n

• 40AL Alpha angle α

10

75°

• 40AL Operating time (t 40AL )

0.07

100.0

s

Base current (I B )

0.20

1.50 I n

Note - Assuming that the secondary rated current of the line CT’s equals the rated current of the relay, as usually happens, the I B value is the ratio between the rated current of the protected motor and the primary rated current of the CT’s.

Thermal with PT100 thermometric probes - 26

PTx probe (x = 1

8):

ThALx Alarm

• PTx Alarm threshold (ThALx )

• ThALx Operating time (t ThALx )

Th>x Trip

• PTx Trip threshold (Th>x )

• Th>1 Operating time (t Th>x )

0

0

0

0

°C

s

200

100

°C

s

200

100

XC1-XD1 Element

• XC1 Absolute center coordinate (X C1 )

0.00

+4.50

Z

nf

• XD1 Diameter (X D1 )

0.20

+5.00

Z

nf

• XC1-XD1 Operating time (t XC1-XD1 )

0.07

100.0

s

• XC1-XD1 Reset time delay (t XC1XD1-RES )

0.0

10.0

s

XC2-XD2 Element

• XC2 Absolute center coordinate (X C2 )

0.00

+4.50

Z

nf

• XD2 Diameter (X D2 )

0.20

+5.00

Z

nf

• XC2-XD2 Operating time (t XC2-XD2 )

0.07

100.0

s

• XC2-XD2 Reset time delay (t XC1XD2-RES )

0.0

10.0

s

Negative sequence overcurrent - 46

I 2 > Element

• I 2 > Curve type (I 2 >Curve)

DEFINITE

IEC/BS A, B, C, ANSI/IEEE MI, VI, EI, EM, I 2 t

Note - The element is available when the MPT module, connected to the Thy- bus, is enabled

• I 2CLP > Activation time (t 2CLP> )

0.00

200

s

I 2 > Reset time delay (t 2 > RES ) Definite time

0.00

100.0

s

Undervoltage - 27

 

46 First threshold definite time (I 2 > def )

0.03 1.00

I B

Common configuration:

I 2 > def within CLP (I 2CLP>def )

0.03

5.00

I B

Voltage measurement type for 27 (Utype27) [1]

U ph-ph /U ph-n

I 2 > def Operating time (t 2 > def ) Inverse time

0.03

200

s

27

Operating logic (Logic27)

AND/OR

 

U< Element

46

First threshold inverse time (I 2 > inv )

0.03 1.00

I B

I 2 > inv within CLP (I 2CLP>inv )

0.03

5.00

I B

U< Curve type (U<Curve) Definite time

DEFINITE, INVERSE [2]

I 2 > inv Operating time (t 2 > inv )

0.10

60.0

s

27 First threshold definite time (U< def )

0.05

1.10

U n /E n

I 2 >> Element

 

• U< def Operating time (t U < def ) Inverse time

0.03

100.0

s

I 2CLP >> Activation time (t 2CLP>> )

0.00

200

s

 

• I 2 >> Reset time delay (t 2 >> RES ) Definite time

0.00

100.0

s

27

First threshold inverse time (U< inv )

0.05

1.10

U n /E n

 

U< inv Operating time (t U < inv )

0.10

100.0

s

46

Second threshold definite time (I 2 >> def )

0.03 1.00

I B

U<< Element

Definite time

 

I 2 >> def within CLP (I 2CLP>>def )

0.03

5.00

I B

I 2 >> def Operating time (t 2 >> def )

0.03

200

s

27

Second threshold definite time (U<< def )

0.05

1.10

U n /E n

Phase reversal- 47

   

U<< def Operating time (t U << def )

0.03

100.0

s

 

Definite time

 

Note [1] - With U ph-ph setting all threshold are in p.u. U n With U ph-n setting all threshold are in p.u. E n

• Us1<

threshold

(U s1 <)

0.05

0.30

E

n

• Us1>

threshold

(U s1 >)

0.70

1.00

U

n

Note [2] - The mathematical formula for INVERSE curves is:

 

t

= 0.75 ∙ t U < inv / [1 - (U/U< inv )] where:

 

Thermal image - 49

 

t

= trip time (in seconds)

Common configuration:

U < inv = operating time setting (in seconds) U = input voltage U< inv = threshold setting

t

• Initial thermal image Δθ IN (Dth IN )

0.0

1.0

Δθ B

• Starting overload coefficient (K ST )

1.0

3.0

• Negative sequence coefficient (K 2 )

 

0

10

Positive sequence undervoltage - 27V1

• Heating time constant τ+ (T+)

1

200

min

• Cooling time constant τ− (T-)

1

6

τ+

U 1 < Element

• 27V1 First threshold definite time (U 1 < def )

0.05

1.10

U n

• DthCLP Operating mode Dth CLP (Dth CLP Mode )Blocking/Change

s

• DthCLP Activation time (t DthCLP )

0.00

200

• U 1 < def Operating time (t U1 < def )

0.03

100.0

s

 

NM20 - Flyer- 08 - 2012

 

5

 
   
 

DthAL1 Element

 

Definite time

49

First alarm threshold Δθ AL1 (Dth AL1 )

0.3

1.0

Δθ

B

• 50N/51N First threshold definite time (I E > def )

0.002

10.00

I En

DthAL2 Element

 

• I E > def within CLP (I ECLP>def )

0.002

10.00

I En

49

Second alarm threshold Δθ AL2 (Dth AL2 )

0.5

1.2

Δθ

B

• I E > def Operating time (t E > def )

• 50N/51N First threshold inverse time (I E > inv )

• I E > inv within CLP (I ECLP>inv )

0.04

200

s

Dth> Element

Trip threshold Δθ (Dth>)

49

0.9

1.5

Δθ

B

Inverse time

0.002

0.002

2.00

2.00

I En

I En

Note - The 49 protective function protection is based on RMS value measure- ment of three phase currents (the computed RMS value takes into account the contribution of fundamental and harmonic up to eleventh order)

I E > inv Operating time (t E > inv ) I E >> Element

0.02

60.0

s

• I ECLP >> Activation time (t ECLP>> )

0.00

200

s

Phase overcurrent - 50/51

I> Element

• I> Curve type (I>Curve)

• I E >> Reset time delay (t E >> RES )

Definite time

0.00

• 50N/51N Second threshold definite time (I E >> def ) 0.010

100.0

s

10.00

I En

• I E >> def within CLP (I ECLP>>def )

0.010

10.00

I En

 

DEFINITE IEC/BS A, B, C, ANSI/IEEE MI, VI, EI RECTIFIER, EM, I 2 t

I E >> def Operating time (t E >> def )

0.03

10.00

s

• I CLP > Activation time (t CLP> )

0.00

200

s

I E >>> Element

• I> Reset time delay (t > RES )

0.00

100.0

s

• I ECLP >>> Activation time (t ECLP>>> )

0.00

200

s

Definite time

 

• I ECLP >>> Reset time delay (t E >>> RES )

0.00

100.0

s

• 50/51 First threshold definite time (I> def )

0.100

40.0

I

n

Definite time

• I> def within CLP (I CLP>def )

0.100

40.0

I

n

• 50N/51N Third threshold definite time (I E >>> def ) 0.010

10.00

I En

I> def Operating time (t > def )

0.04

200

s

• I ECLP >>> def within CLP (I ECLP>>>def )

0.010

10.00

I En

Inverse time

 

• I ECLP >>> def Operating time (t E >>> def )

0.03

10.00

s

• 50/51 First threshold inverse time (I> inv )

0.100 20.00

I n

Minimum power factor - 55

CPhi< Element

CB55 delay (t ARM-CPhi <)

 

• I> inv within CLP (I CLP>inv )

• I> inv Operating time (t > inv )

0.100

0.02

20.00

60.0

I n

s

0.07

300

s

I>> Element

• I>> Curve type (I>>Curve)

• I CLP >> Activation time (t CLP>> )

DEFINITE, I 2 t

s

0.00

s

0.00

200

100.0

Definite time

• CPhiLAG< First threshold definite time (CPhiLAG<) 0.1 0.9

s

• CPhiLAG< Operating time (t CPhiLAG <)

0.04

100.0

• I>> Reset time delay (t >> RES ) Definite time

• CPhiLEAD< First threshold definite time (CPhiLEAD<)

0.1 0.9

• 50/51 Second threshold definite time (I>> def )

0.100

40.0

I

n

• CPhiLEAD< Operating time (t CPhiLEAD <)

0.04

100.0

s

• I>> def within CLP (I CLP>>def )

Inverse time

• 50/51 Second threshold inverse time (I>> inv )

• I>> inv within CLP (I CLP>>inv )

• I>> inv Operating time (t >> inv ) I>>> Element

• I CLP >>> Activation time (t CLP>>> )

• I>>> Reset time delay (t >>> RES ) Definite time

• 50/51 Third threshold definite time (I>>> def )

• I>>> def within CLP (I CLP>>>def )

I>> def Operating time (t >> def )

I>>> def Operating time (t >>> def )

Locked rotor - 50S/51LR/14

0.100

0.03

40.0

10.00

0.100

0.100

0.02

20.00

20.00

10.00

0.00

0.00

0.100

0.100

0.03

200

100.0

40.0

40.0

10.00

I

n

s

I

I

n

n

s

s

s

I

I

n

n

s

I LR > Element

• I LRCLP > Operating mode (Mode 51LR>) With/without speed contr. Inverse time

• 51LR First threshold inverse time (I LR > inv )

0.80

8.00

I

B

• Motor starting current I-MOT-ST (I MOT-ST )

0.80

15.00

I

B

I LR > inv Operating time (t LR > inv )

0.10

200

s

I

LR >> Element

• I LRCLP >> Operating mode (Mode 51LR>>) With/without speed contr.

 

• I LRCLP >> Activation time (t LRCLP>> def )

0.00

200

s

Definite time

 

• 51LR Second threshold definite time (I LR >> def )

0.90

8.00

I

B

I LR >> def Operating time

(t LR >> def )

0.10

200

s

Note - The mathematical formula for INVERSE curves is:

Overvoltage - 59

Common configuration:

Voltage measurement type for 59 (Utype59) [1]

U ph-ph /U ph-n

59

Operating logic (Logic59)

AND/OR

U> Element U> Curve type (U>Curve) Definite time

59 First threshold definite time (U> def )

DEFINITE or INVERSE [2]

0.50

1.50

U n /E n

• U> def Operating time (t U > def ) Inverse time

 

0.03

100.0

s

59

First threshold inverse time (U> inv )

0.50

1.50

U n /E n

U> inv Operating time (t U > inv )

0.10

100.0

s

U>> Element

 

Definite time

59

Second threshold definite time (U>> def )

0.50

1.50

U n /E n

U>> def Operating time (t U >> def )

0.03

100.0

s

Note [1] - With U ph-ph setting all threshold are in p.u. U n With U ph-n setting all threshold are in p.u. E n

Note [2] - The mathematical formula for INVERSE curves is:

t

= 0.5 ∙ t U > inv /[(U/U> inv ) - 1], where:

t

= trip time (in seconds)

U > inv = operating time setting (in seconds) U = input voltage U> inv = threshold setting

t

Residual overvoltage - 59N

Common configuration:

• Residual voltage measurement for 59N- direct/calc.

U E /U EC

t

= t LR > inv (I MOT-ST / I) 2 where:

• 59N Operating mode from 74VT internal (74VTint59N) OFF/Block

t

= trip time (in seconds)

• 59N Operating mode from 74VT external (74VText59N) OFF/Block

6

t LR > inv = operating time setting (in seconds)

I MOT-ST = starting current with nominal voltage

I = max phase voltage (fundamental component)

Residual overcurrent - 50N/51N

I E > Element

• I E > Curve type (I E >Curve)

DEFINITE

IEC/BS A, B, C, ANSI/IEEE MI, VI, EI, EM

s

s

• I ECLP > Activation time (t ECLP> )

• I E > Reset time delay (t E > RES )

0.00

0.00

200

100.0

U E > Element

U E > Curve type (U E >Curve)

• U E > Reset time delay (t UE>RES ) Definite time

• 59N First threshold definite time (U E > def )

• U E > def Operating time (t UE > def ) Inverse time

• 59N First threshold inverse time (U E > inv )

• U E > inv Operating time (t UE > inv )

DEFINITE OR INVERSE [1]

s

0.00

0.01

0.07

0.01

0.10

100.0

0.70

U

100.0

En

s

0.50

U

100.0

En

s

NM20 - Flyer- 08 - 2012

U E >> Element   I E D >>> Element • U E >> Reset

U E >> Element

 

I ED >>> Element

• U E >> Reset time delay (t UE>>RES )

0.00

100.0

s

• I EDCLP >>> Activation time (t EDCLP>>> )

0.00

100.0

s

• 59N Second threshold definite time (U E >> def )

0.01

0.70

U

En

• I ED >>> Reset time delay (t ED >>> RES )

0.00

100.0

s

• U E >> def Operating time (t UE >> def )

0.07

100.0

s

Definite time

• Residual current pickup value

0.002

10.00

 

Note [1] - The mathematical formula for INVERSE curves is:

t = 0.5 ∙ t UE > inv /[(U E /U E > inv ) - 1] where:

 

67N Third threshold definite time (I ED >>> def - U ED >>> def )

I

En

t = trip time (in seconds)

• Residual voltage pickup value

0.004

0.500

U

En

t UE > inv = operating time setting (in seconds)

Characteristic angle

0

359°

U

E = residual input voltage

• Half operating sector

1

180°

U

E > inv = threshold setting

• I ED >>> def within CLP (I EDCLP >>> def )

0.002

10.00

I

En

Negative sequence overvoltage - 59V2

U 2 > Element Definite time

• 59V2 First threshold definite time (U 2 > def )

• U 2 > def Operating time (t U2 > def )

0.01

0.07

U n

s

0.50

100.0

• I ED >>> def

Operating time (t ED >>> def )

0.05

10.00

s

I ED >>>> Element

 

I EDCLP >>>> Activation time (t EDCLP>>>> )

0.00

100.0

s

I ED >>>> Reset time delay (t ED >>>> RES ) Definite time

0.00

100.0

s

67N Fourth threshold definite time (I ED >>>> def - U ED >>>> def )

Maximum number of startings (Restart inhibition) - 66

 

• Residual current pickup value

0.002

10.00

I

En

Operating mode (Type66)

 

NST/TST

• Residual voltage pickup value

0.004 0.500

U

En

Control window (t C )

1

60

min

Characteristic angle

0

359°

N ST (Starts inside t C )

 

1

30

• Half operating sector

1

180°

T ST (Cumulative start time inside t C )

 

1

600

s

I ED >>>> def within CLP (I EDCLP >>>> def )

0.002

10.00

I

En

66 Inhibition time (t IN )

 

0

60

min

• I ED >>>> def

Operating time (t ED >>>> def )

0.05

10.00

s

Ground directional overcurrent - 67N

Common configuration:

 

Overfrequency - 81O

f> Element

• 67N Operating mode (Mode67N)

 

I /I cos

Definite time

• Residual voltage measurement type for 67N - direct/calculated

81O First threshold definite time (f> def )

1.000

1.200

f

n

(3VoType67N)

U E / U EC

f> def Operating time (t f > def )

• 81O Second threshold definite time (f>> def )

0.05

100.00

s

• 67N Multiplier of threshold for insensitive zone (M)

 

1.5

10.0

 

• 67N Operating mode from 74VT internal (74VTint67N)

OFF/Block/Not directional

f>> Element> Definite time

1.000