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B.F.

2010
Tipuri de sonde
Sondele uretro-vezicale sunt confecionate din material plasic sau latex de cauciuc natural Sondele sunt calibrate dup urmatoarele scri universale: Charriere , French i Benique avnd numarul dimensiunii notat pe extermitatea extern. Sondele sunt stocate corespunztor pentru a nu fi deformate Se evit expunerea la temperaturi ridicate i raze ultraviolete n timpul stocrii Se evit contactul sondei exfoliate din ambalaj cu antiseptice fenolice pe baz de ulei exemplu: vaselin, esene minerale, parafine, etc. Sondele unt protejate pentru contactul cu metale ca: fierul sau magneziul. Uretra normal are calibrul nr. 16-17 Charriere sau 32-34 Benique Exemple de sonde: Sonda Tiemann prezint vrful cudat i efilat Sonda Nelaton cu vrf rotunjit i orificiu (1-2) lateral Sonda Mercier, Stachler cu vrful curb Sonda Couvelaire dreapt, fr balona Sonde autostatice cu balona (Foley, catetere hemostatice) Sonde pentru splare continu ARQUITECTURA DE LAS SONDAS FOLEY A. Sonda Foley de doble va, punta recta de dos agujeros. Calibre 12 a 30 Ch (F). Baln de 5 a 15 ml. B. Sonda Foley de doble va, punta cnico/olivar acodada. Calibre 12 a 24 Ch (F). Baln de 15 ml. C. Sonda Foley de triple va Calibre 16 a 26 Ch. (F). Baln de 60 a 80 ml.

1. NELATON

2. MERCIER

3. TIEMANN

4. A BOUT COPE

5. COUVELAIRE

B.F. 2010
Conversion units Charriere Charriere Synonym Definition

http://procurement.ifrc.org/catalogue/charriere.aspx

Field of use French Synonym Definition

Field of use Gauge Synonym Definition

Field of use Inch Synonym Definition

Field of use Plasteau-Benique Synonym Definition

Field of use

Symbol is: Ch or CH French gauge F ; FG Unit which expresses the external diameter in mm where: CH N divided by 3 = ext. diameter in mm Examples: CH6 = 2mm CH4 = 1.33mm Tubes and drains. Symbol is: F or FG French size, french gauge, charriere. Unit which expresses the external diameter in mm where: 1 FG = 1 CH = mm Attention: Some manufacturers offer catheters measured in INCHES. Example: 5 FG = CH5 = 1.66mm = 0.066 INCH Exploratory catheters, tubes and drains. Symbol is: G, Ga, Gg, g British standard gauge. Unit which expresses the external diameter of the object, in a range from 8 to 30, corresponding respectively to 4 and 0.3mm. Attention: The gauge/mm correspondence may vary, due to figures being rounded off in conversion from inches to mm. The higher the gauge, the smaller the external diameter. The gauge gives the external diameter, but does not take account of the thickness of the wall, so does not give an idea of the external diameter. Examples: 22G = 0.7 to 0.9mm 18G = 1.1 to 1.3mm Short catheters, needles, micro-perfusers. Symbol is: In or " In french: pouce Unit used to express the external diameter of guides. Examples: 1 in = 1 inch = 25.4mm 1mm = 0.04 in = 0.04" Guides for catheters. Symbol is: P.B Benique. The Plasteau-Benique measurement corresponds to half of the charriere measurement. 1 Unit which expresses the external diameter in /6 mm. P.B N divided by 6 = ext. diameter in mm Example: 40 P.B = 20CH = 6.66mm Tubes for urology.

B.F. 2010

DIFERITE TIPURI DE SONDE

n funcie de scop sondele se mpart n:

B.F. 2010
SONDA FOLEY Sonda de unic folosin Sonda permanent n scop terapeutic cu 1-2 ci i un balon de blocaj Sonde pentru splare continu cu 3 ci i un balon de blocaj Catetere hemostatice cu 2 ci i un balona

Sonda Foley reprezint sonda utilizat cel mai frecvent, prezint vrful rotunjit, cu 2 orificii laterale pentru scurgerea urinii, balon de blocaj, canal cu supap pentru introducerea de ap distilat cu rol de umplere a balonului de blocaj fixnd astfel sonda la intrarea n vezic i un canal pentru ataarea pungii colectoare de urin.

B.F. 2010
MATERIALE PENTRU PREGTIREA SONDAJULUI