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Narrowcast Services Gateway

NSG 8108 and NSG 8204


Hardware Installation and Startup Guide
For NSG 8108 Ver. 2.2.0 and NSG 8204 Ver. 2.0.0
P/N MAN-NSG8000-HW-2.2 Rev. A
June 2003
ii
Disclaimer
Harmonic Inc. reserves the right to change any products described herein at any time, and
without prior notice. Harmonic assumes no responsibility or liability arising from the use of the
products described herein, except as expressly agreed to in writing by Harmonic. The use and
purchase of this product does not convey a license under any patent rights, copyrights, trademark
rights, or any intellectual property rights of Harmonic. Nothing hereunder constitutes a
representation or warranty that using any products in the manner described herein will not
infringe any patents of third parties.
Trademark Acknowledgments
Harmonic and all Harmonic product names are trademarks of Harmonic Inc. All other trademarks
are the property of their respective owners.
Compliance and Approval
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device,
pursuant to Part 15, subpart B of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) rules.
These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the
equipment is operated in a commercial environment.
This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy. It may cause harmful
interference to radio communications if it is not installed and used in accordance with the
instructions in this manual. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause
harmful interference. If this occurs, the user will be required to correct the interference at their
own expense.
Connections between the Harmonic equipment and other equipment must be made in a manner
that is consistent with maintaining compliance with FCC radio frequency emission limits.
Modifications to this equipment not expressly approved by Harmonic may void the authority
granted to the user by the FCC to operate this equipment.
The following table lists agency approvals:
Agency Approval
North American EMI FCC Part 15, subpart B, Class A
North American Safety UL, 1950, cUL 22.2 No. 950
European EMI EN55022 Class A, EN50082-1
Harmonic Inc. 2003
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED
Table of Contents
Preface
1 Features and Specifications
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
NSG Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Management Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Features and Specifications by NSG Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
NSG 8108 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
NSG 8204 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Environmental Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Stream Processing Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
NSG 8108 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
NSG 8204 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
NSG Front Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
NSG 8108 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
NSG 8204 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Front Panel LEDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Air Inlets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
RF Monitoring Ports (NSG 8108 only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Back Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
NSG 8108 (4 x ASI) Back Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
NSG 8108 (2 x ASI + 1 x GbE) Back Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
NSG 8204 Back Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Power Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Ethernet Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
EIA-232 Serial Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
ASI Input Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
GbE Input Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
iv Table of Contents
NSG 8108 Output Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
NSG 8204 Output Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
2 Installation and Cabling
Unpacking the NSG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Cabling the NSG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Connecting Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Connecting the AC Power Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Connecting the 48 VDC Power Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Connecting the ASI Input Cables (NSG 8108) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Connecting the GbE Fiber Optic Cables
(NSG 8108 and 8204) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Connecting the QAM-RF Output Cables (NSG 8108) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Connecting the ASI Monitoring Port Cables
(NSG 8108) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Connecting the ASI Output Cables (NSG 8204) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Connecting the Ethernet Cables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Establishing Ethernet Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Connecting to the Device through the Serial Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Starting the Boot Sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Setting the IP Address for Ethernet Port 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Setting the IP Address for Ethernet Port 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Setting BOOTP and Software Upgrade Server Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Verifying Communications Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Starting the NSG Web Client . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Access Levels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Entering the Monitor or Configure Access Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Firmware Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Installing and Updating the Firmware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
3 Troubleshooting
Warnings and Alarms for the NSG 8108 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Warnings for the NSG 8108 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Alarms for the NSG 8108 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Alarms for the NSG 8204 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
v Table of Contents
A Fuse Replacement
B Wiring the 48 VDC Power Supply
Getting Started . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Power Source Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Overcurrent Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Wiring Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Power Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Assembling the DC Input Power Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Connecting the Power Cable to the NSG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
C Advanced Fiber Optic Connections
Cascading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Cascading Single Channels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Cascading Redundant Channels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Connecting a DWDM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
D Customer Support Information
Contacting Harmonic for Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Glossary
Index
vi Table of Contents
Preface
This guide describes the installation and startup instructions for the
Narrowcast Services Gateway family, including the NSG 8108 and
NSG 8204. The NSG is a highly integrated digital video and data gateway
between on-demand content servers and their subscribers. Designed as
a 1-RU chassis, the NSG family performs PID filtering, multiplexing,
scrambling, QAM modulation, and RF upconversion for either four or
eight transport streams simultaneously. It can supply video and other on-
demand multimedia services to large numbers of subscribers.
The NSG 8108 and NSG 8204 accept digital MPEG input through either
the ASI or Gigabit Ethernet ports. Based on user-defined criteria and the
model type, the NSG directs multimedia to the different QAMs and
up-converters to create the outgoing transport streams as QAM-RF or
ASI output signals.
Note: This guide uses the term NSG to refer to both the NSG 8108 and
the NSG 8204.
Manual Organization
This guide is organized as follows:
Chapter 1, Features and Specifications, introduces features of the
NSG.
Chapter 2, Installation and Cabling, describes how to install and
cable the NSG.
Chapter 3, Troubleshooting, describes how to install and configure
NSG firmware.
viii Manual Organization Preface
Chapter 3, Troubleshooting, describes how to resolve NSG
hardware alarms.
Appendix A, Fuse Replacement, contains service information that
explains how to replace the fuse in the NSG
Appendix B, Wiring the 48 VDC Power Supply, describes how to
connect the optional VDC power source.
Appendix C, Advanced Fiber Optic Connections, describes
advanced fiber optic cabling schemes including cascading and using
a DWDM in your network.
Appendix D, Customer Support Information, provides Customer
Support contact information.
Glossary lists commonly used industry-wide terms as well as terms
used in this guide.
Conventions
This guide uses the following notational conventions:
Convention Description
Courier font regular System messages, syntax statements, or
command examples.
Courier font bold Commands that you are instructed to enter.
italic font For emphasis or command variables.
[italic font] In syntax statements, items inside brackets are
optional.
Caution: Indicates a situation that might impair data.
Note: Highlights important information.
Tip: Provides time-saving or informative suggestions
about using the product.
Warning: Indicates a situation that causes damage to the
system or might harm a person.
Chapter 1
Features and Specifications
Introduction
NSG Models
Harmonic's NSG 8000 product line includes two main models, the NSG
8108 and NSG 8204. The NSG 8108 provides digital video
remultiplexing, scrambling, QAM modulation, and RF upconversion for
video on demand networks. The NSG 8108 accepts digital MPEG input
through four ASI input ports. The 2 x ASI 1 x GbE model has two ASI
input ports and one GbE port, which provides two redundant GbE
channels. In both cases, the NSG 8108 delivers eight transport streams
through four RF output ports implementing dual upconverter technology.
The NSG 8204 provides digital video routing and remapping. The NSG
8204 accepts digital MPEG input through its GbE input port, remaps the
data, and delivers four transport streams through four ASI output ports.
Redundancy is not supported in the current NSG 8204 release.
The following table provides a general description of these two NSG
models and their sub-models.
Model Input
NSG 8108
Input ASI submodel: 4 x ASI ports
GbE submodel: 2 x ASI (optional) ports and 1
x GbE port with two redundant channels
Output 4 x RF ports carrying 8 x QAM transport
streams
2 Introduction CHAPTER 1
Note: The NSG comes with either an AC power supply or 48 VDC
power supply. All types of NSGs are intended to be installed in restricted
access locations.
Management Interfaces
Harmonic offers several methods for configuring NSG devices and
monitoring their status. All management interfaces listed below connect
to the NSG over LAN, via its ETH1 Ethernet port.
Caution: To ensure adequate security, and to prevent possible
disturbances to the normal operation of NSG devices due to
uncontrolled network activity, Harmonic strongly recommends using an
Ethernet network that is isolated from any other networks or subnets at
your site for management of the NSGs.
NSG 8204
Input 1 x GbE port with two redundant channels
Output 4 x High-rate ASI ports
Model Input
3 Features and Specifications Introduction
The table below lists the available management interfaces according to
the management purpose for which they are designed:
Purpose Recommended Tool
Configuration and
monitoring of a
single NSG device
NSG Web Client.
The NSG web client is an on-board web-based user
interface, that is an integral part of the NSG firmware. The
web client is accessible through Microsoft Internet
Explorer, and provides means for configuring a single
NSG device. It also allows the user to monitor the NSG's
status, view its alarms (if present), and troubleshoot
them.For details on accessing the web client, please see
the Chapter 2, Starting the NSG Web Client, .
Configuration of
multiple NSG
devices
MCT (Mass Configuration Tool).
The MCT is a spreadsheet-oriented system designed to
configure multiple NSGs simultaneously. MCT is
recommended for large-scale NSG deployments.Besides
simultaneous configuration of large number of NSG
devices, it also allows users to perform firmware upgrade
for multiple NSGs.MCT is sold separately - please contact
Harmonic Customer Support for more details.
Note: MCT is not automatically updated when an NSG is
configured through the web client. Using the web client
for configuring individual NSGs in an MCT-based site is
not recommended. If the web client is used, care should
be taken to update MCT with the changed configuration.
For details on synchronizing MCT with NSG devices,
please refer to the MCT online help.
Status and Alarm
Monitoring of
multiple NSG
devices
Harmonic NMX / 3rd party SNMP monitoring.
NMX (Harmonic's Digital Service Manager) may be used
for monitoring general status and alarms of multiple NSG
devices. A single NMX manager may be used to monitor
several hundreds NSG devices, located in several different
sites.
In addition, NSG may report its status and alarms via
standard SNMP. Any standard-based SNMP monitoring
system may be used for monitoring the status of multiple
NSG devices. This includes off-the-shelf systems such as
HP OpenView, or custom-made systems. For further
details on implementing SNMP monitoring for NSG
devices, please contact Harmonic Customer Support.
4 Features and Specifications by NSG Model CHAPTER 1
Note: The MCT database is not automatically updated when an NSG is
configured using NMX or the web client. To update the MCT database,
select the NSG and execute the following command from the MCT
Actions menu: Actions > Synchronize > Get from Target.
GbE Channel Redundancy
The NSG family supports GbE redundancy to provide the network with
fault-tolerant design. The objective of the redundant channel is to
eliminate or diminish any service interruptions when an active GbE
channel fails. NSGs with the redundancy feature do not have a primary
and secondary channel but rather have two symmetrical GbE channels.
Therefore, when a redundant channel is activated it will continue to
operate and will not revert back to the previously active channel when
that channel recovers.
Redundancy for both GbE1 and GbE2 is activated by one of two NSG
alarms:
Chapter 3, GbE X Link down,
Chapter 3, GbE X SFP not mounted,
Features and Specifications by NSG Model
NSG 8108
NSG 8108 - 4 x ASI Submodel
The following table describes the features of the NSG 8108 ASI
submodel.
Feature Description
Chassis 1-RU, mounts in Electronic Industries
Association (EIA) standard rack
4 x ASI input ports 170 Mbps per port
Total payload of up to 408 Mbps can not
be exceeded
5 Features and Specifications Features and Specifications by NSG Model
8 x QAM modulators QAM Mode:
DVB (Annex A): 8 MHz
ITU-T (Annex B J.83): 6 MHz
ITU-T (Annex-C - Japan), 6 MHz
QAM Constellations:
Annex-A: 16, 32, 64, 128, 256
Annex-B: 64,256
Annex-C: 16, 32, 64, 128, 256
Maximum output bit rate DVB: 408 Mbps (51.2 Mbps x 8)
ITU-T: 310.4 Mbps (38.8 Mbps x 8)
4 x RF outputs Each port carries two QAM channels,
combined and upconverted into two
adjacent RF channels
Connector: F-type
Recommended Cable: 75 Ohm, RG-6
QAM / RF Specifications:
see product specifications sheet
2 x ASI monitoring ports ASI monitoring ports can be configured to
output the same data as the RF output ports.
Port 1 can be configured to monitor transports
14 only. Port 2 can be configured to monitor
transports 58 only.
4 x RF monitoring ports 18 +/ 3 dB attenuation, uncalibrated
Front panel LEDS Power, alarm, 4 input status, and 8 output
status LEDs
Dynamic extraction of
input
Dynamic detection of changes in services
and PSI tables at the input
Automatic reflection of input changes into
the output stream within one second
Filtering of ASI input
services
Incoming services are filtered according to
user-configurable ranges
Feature Description
6 Features and Specifications by NSG Model CHAPTER 1
NSG 8108 - 2 x ASI 1 x GbE Submodel
The following table describes the features of the NSG 8108 GbE
submodel.
PID remapping PIDs of incoming services are remapped in
one of two ways (user-configurable):
Paradigm
Random
Conditional Access System
(CAS) support
Regeneration of PMT tables to incorporate
conditional access descriptors
Common DVB scrambling of the selected
services
Integrated Simulcrypt Synchronizer (SCS)
Random control-word generation for
scrambling
Motorola pre-encryption
support
Capable of handling Motorola pre-encrypted
content
10Base-T/100Base-T
Ethernet ports
Two independent Ethernet ports, typically
used for management (ETH1) and CAS (ETH2)
SNMP support Built-in SNMP agent communicates device
status via SNMP traps
PSI generation for each
output
Generation of PSI (PAT and PMT) for each
individual output stream
Monitoring and control Configuration, control, and monitoring by:
Harmonic NMX Digital Service Manager
NSG web client accessed using Internet
Explorer 5.0 to 6.0
Massive Configuration Tool (MCT)
Feature Description
7 Features and Specifications Features and Specifications by NSG Model
Feature Description
Chassis 1-RU, mounts in Electronic Industries
Association (EIA) standard rack
*2 x ASI input ports
(optional)
170 Mbps per port
1 x GbE input port Provides two redundant GbE channels,
one of which is active and the other
standby
Max. allowed PCR jitter 10 msec (peak to
peak)
Payload of up to 400 Mbps (up to 128
services)
Max. Ethernet traffic (payload + pass
through traffic) 1000 Mbps
8 x QAM modulators QAM Mode:
DVB (Annex A): 8 MHz
ITU-T (Annex B J.83): 6 MHz
ITU-T (Annex-C - Japan), 6 MHz
QAM Constellations:
Annex-A: 16, 32, 64, 128, 256
Annex-B: 64,256
Annex-C: 16, 32, 64, 128, 256
Maximum output bit rate DVB: 408 Mbps (51.2 Mbps x 8)
ITU-T: 310.4 Mbps (38.8 Mbps x 8)
4 x RF outputs Each port carries two QAM channels,
combined and upconverted into two
adjacent RF channels
Connector: F-type
Recommended Cable: 75 Ohm, RG-6
QAM / RF Specifications:
see product specifications sheet
* 2 x ASI monitoring ports ASI monitoring ports can be configured to
output the same data as the RF output ports.
Port 1 can be configured to monitor transports
1-4 only. Port 2 can be configured to monitor
transports 5-8 only.
8 Features and Specifications by NSG Model CHAPTER 1
4 x RF monitoring ports 18 +/ 3dB attenuation, uncalibrated
Front panel LEDs Power, alarm, 4 input status, and 8 output
status LEDs
Back panel LEDs Activity and alarm LED pairs for each GbE port
(four LEDs in all)
Dynamic extraction of
input
Dynamic detection of changes in services
and PSI tables at the input
Automatic reflection of input changes into
the output stream within one second
Filtering of ASI input
services
Incoming services are filtered according to
user-configurable ranges
Filtering of GbE input
services
Data arriving to the NSG input GbE port is
filtered based on routing information
communicated by the video server
PID remapping PIDs of incoming services are remapped in
one of two ways (user-configurable):
Paradigm
Random
Conditional Access System
(CAS) support
Regeneration of PMT tables to incorporate
conditional access descriptors
Common DVB scrambling of the selected
services
Integrated Simulcrypt Synchronizer (SCS)
Random control-word generation for
scrambling
Motorola pre-encryption
support
Accepts Motorola pre-encrypted content
10Base-T/100Base-T
Ethernet ports
Two independent Ethernet ports, typically
used for management (ETH1) and CAS (ETH2)
SNMP support Built-in SNMP agent communicates device
status via SNMP traps
Feature Description
9 Features and Specifications Features and Specifications by NSG Model
Note: * This is an optional feature which is not supported by NSGs of P/N
NSG8108-0G-00-84/8.
NSG 8204
The following table describes the features of the NSG 8204.
PSI generation for each
output
Generation of PSI (PAT and PMT) for each
individual output stream
Monitoring and control Configuration, control, and monitoring by:
Harmonic NMX Digital Service Manager
NSG web client accessed using Internet
Explorer 5.0 to 6.0
Massive Configuration Tool (MCT)
Feature Description
Chassis 1-RU, mounts in Electronic Industries
Association (EIA) standard rack
1 x GbE input port 1 x GbE port with two redundant channels
Max. allowed PCR jitter 10 msec (peak to
peak)
Payload of up to 640 Mbps (upto 256
services)
Max. Ethernet traffic (payload + pass
through traffic) 1000 Mbps
4 x ASI output ports Each output port can carry up to 160
Mbps
Recommended Cable: 75 Ohm, RG-6
Maximum output bit rate 640 Mbps (160 Mbps x 4)
Front panel LEDs Power, alarm, 4 input status, and 4 output
status LEDs.
Note: Only input LED 1 is active when there is
active input.
Feature Description
10 Features and Specifications by NSG Model CHAPTER 1
Environmental Specifications
The following table lists the environmental specifications for the NSG.
Back panel LEDs Activity and alarm LED pairs for each GbE port
(four LEDs in all)
Dynamic extraction of
input
Dynamic detection of changes in services
and PSI tables at the input
Automatic reflection of input changes into
the output stream within one second
10Base-T/100Base-T
Ethernet ports
Provide access to two independent networks
for monitoring and control purposes
Filtering of GbE input
services
Data arriving to the NSG input GbE port is
filtered based on routing information
communicated by the video server
PID remapping PIDs of incoming services are remapped to
predefined Paradigm (for further information
refer to the Online Help)
SNMP support Built-in SNMP agent communicates device
status via SNMP traps
PSI generation for each
output
Generation of PSI (PAT and PMT) for each
individual output stream
Monitoring and control Configuration, control, and monitoring by:
Harmonic NMX Digital Service Manager
NSG web client accessed using Internet
Explorer 5.0 to 6.0
Massive Configuration Tool (MCT)
Parameter Description
Dimensions
Height 4.8 cm (1.75 in)
Width NSG 8108 - 44.5 cm (19 in)
NSG 8204 - 32.8 cm (12.9 in)
Feature Description
11 Features and Specifications Features and Specifications by NSG Model
Depth 59 cm (23 in)
Operating temperature 0 to 50 C (32 to 122 F)
Storage temperature 40 to 70 C (40 to 158 F)
Relative humidity Maximum 85% non-condensing
Ventilation If units are installed in a closed rack, the rack
must be ventilated to ensure proper cooling of
the units. Ventilation rate must be:
NSG 8108 - at least 1.0 cubic meter per
minute (35 cubic feet per minute) per NSG
unit.
NSG 8204 - at least 0.67 cubic meter per
minute (23.3 cubic feet per minute) per NSG
unit.
Parameter Description
12 Stream Processing Overview CHAPTER 1
Stream Processing Overview
NSG 8108
The NSG 8108 accepts ASI and GbE input, and outputs analog RF. The
following diagram shows the flow of data through the 4 x ASI NSG.
13 Features and Specifications Stream Processing Overview
The following diagram shows the flow of data through the 2 x ASI + 1
GbE NSG 8108.
(2)
channel
channel
14 Stream Processing Overview CHAPTER 1
NSG 8204
The NSG 8204 accepts GbE input, and outputs analog ASI. The following
diagram shows the flow of data through the 4 x ASI NSG 8204.
Note: The second GbE channel is not supported at this time.
(2)
channel
channel
15 Features and Specifications NSG Front Panel
NSG Front Panel
The front panel of the NSG contains a number of LEDs for monitoring and
troubleshooting purposes and monitoring ports. The following figure
illustrates the front panels of the various NSGs.
NSG 8108
Both NSG 8108 models have one power LED, one alarm LED, four input
LEDS and eight output LEDS, as well as four monitoring ports.
NSG 8204
The NSG 8204 has one power LED, one alarm LED, four input LEDS, and
four output LEDS.
16 NSG Front Panel CHAPTER 1
Front Panel LEDs
The following table describes the front panel LEDs, from left to right.
LED Color Description
Power Green ON - Indicates that NSG is powered on.
OFF - Indicates that NSG is powered off.
Alarm Red ON - Indicates an alarm has been activated in
the device. Refer to Chapter 3,
Troubleshooting, for further details.
OFF - Indicates no alarm activated.
Input Green/Red In the NSG 8108 4 x ASI model, each input
LED shows the status of one ASI input port. In
the NSG 8108 1 x GbE model and NSG 8204,
the first LED shows the status of GbE channel 1,
and the second LED shows the status of GbE
channel 2.
ON (Green) - Indicates the input port is enabled
and has a valid ASI or GbE signal.
ON (Red) - Indicates an input related alarm has
been activated. The activated LED indicates the
specific port with the alarm.
ON (Green blinking) - Indicates the 'Identify unit'
button has been selected.
OFF - Indicates the input port is disabled.
Output Green/Red ON (Green) - Indicates the output port is
properly configured and has at least one
service.
ON (Red) - Indicates an output alarm has been
activated.
ON (Green blinking) - Indicates the 'Identify unit'
button has been selected.
OFF - Indicates the output port has no service
or is disabled.
17 Features and Specifications NSG Front Panel
Air Inlets
Air inlets are located along the lower part of the NSG front panel. The air
inlet section is slightly sunken to prevent an obstruction from disturbing
the air flow.
RF Monitoring Ports (NSG 8108 only)
The NSG 8108 front panel includes four RF ports, each corresponding to
one RF port located on the back panel. The NSG duplicates RF to the
ports at the front panel to enable maintenance persons to monitor, test,
and analyze RF without disturbing data flow. The transmission level at the
monitoring ports is 18 (+/ 3) dB lower than the transmission level at the
RF ports on the back panel.
Note: Because the output power level of the RF monitoring ports is
uncalibrated, do not use these ports to measure the output power level
of the actual RF output ports.
18 Back Panel CHAPTER 1
Back Panel
This section describes the back panel of the NSG.
NSG 8108 (4 x ASI) Back Panel
The following figure illustrates the NSG 8108 back panel with four ASI
input ports.
19 Features and Specifications Back Panel
NSG 8108 (2 x ASI + 1 x GbE) Back Panel
The following figure illustrates the NSG 8108 back panel with two ASI
input ports and two gigabyte Ethernet (GbE) receptacles for Small Form
Factor Pluggable (SFP) transceivers.
Note: The two ASI ports and the two monitoring ports are optional
features which is not supported by NSGs of P/N NSG8108-0G-00-84/8.
NSG 8204 Back Panel
The following figure illustrates the NSG 8204 back panel with two
Gigabyte Ethernet (GbE) receptacles for Small Form Factor Pluggable
(SFP) transceivers. Currently, just one GbE receptacle is supported in this
configuration.
20 Back Panel CHAPTER 1
Power Supply
AC Power Supply
The power supply supports 110 and 230 VAC, and automatically senses
the required voltage. A fuse is located inside the power socket and a
spare is located inside the adjacent compartment. For information about
replacing the fuse, see Appendix A, Fuse Replacement.
See Connecting the AC Power Cable on page 27 for instructions to
connect the power supply.
The following table lists the power supply specifications.
Parameter Specification
Input voltage 100240 VAC
Line frequency 5060 Hz
Typical power
consumption
80 W
21 Features and Specifications Back Panel
48 VDC Power Supply
If your NSG has the optional 48 VDC power supply, the standard AC
power connector is replaced by a panel with a 3-pin male connector for
48 VDC. This power supply does not have a fuse.
See Connecting the 48 VDC Power Supply on page 28 for
instructions to wire the power supply.
The NSGs electrical rating for the -48VDC type is as follows:
Ethernet Ports
The NSG back panel has two Ethernet ports to allow connection to two
Ethernet networks. See Establishing Ethernet Connection on page 31
for instructions to configure IP addresses for the Ethernet ports.
Use UTP cables with an RJ-45 connector to connect the NSG to a hub or
router for the management and CAS networks.
EIA-232 Serial Port
The EIA-232 serial port is used to configure the Ethernet port IP
addresses. See Establishing Ethernet Connection on page 31 for more
information. You can use the serial port for monitoring and manual
maintenance operations.
The following table lists the EIA-232 port specifications.
Parameter Specification
Voltage 48/60 VDC
Note: The device can still operate with input
voltage ranging from 36 to 75 VDC.
Max. operating current 4 amps
Parameter Specification
Connector Male DB-9 D-type
Cable Low capacitance 9-line cable
22 ASI Input Ports CHAPTER 1
The EIA-232 cable has male DB-9 D-type connectors. The following table
lists the pinout information for the DB-9 connector.
.
ASI Input Ports
The NSG back panel contains four ASI input ports, labeled ASI IN 14.
Use a 75-ohm cable with BNC connectors to connect the ASI ports to a
content server. See Connecting the Ethernet Cables on page 30 for
instructions. The following table lists the ASI port specifications.
GbE Input Port
The NSG 8108 and NSG 8204 back panel includes two SFP module
receptacles labeled GbE 1 and 2 for GbE input. The two SFP receptacles
provide two redundant channels of GbE input.
Use a multimode or a single-mode fiber optics cable with an LC
connector to connect a GbE port to the content server. The LC
connector plugs into an SFP receptacle and accommodates two fibers,
one for transmission and the other for reception. SFP modules are sold
separately.
Pin Signal Description
2 RX Receive data
3 TX Transmit data
5 GND Ground
Parameter Specification
Connector BNC
Cable 75-ohm BNC cable
Maximum input bit rate Refer to NSG 8108 - 4 x ASI Submodel, and
NSG 8108 - 2 x ASI 1 x GbE Submodel.
23 Features and Specifications ASI Input Ports
The following figure illustrates an SFP module.
The following table lists the GbE port specifications.
The NSG 8108 (2 x ASI + 1 x GbE) Back Panel and the NSG 8204
Back Panel figures illustrate the NSGs with a Gigabit port in the back
panel with two ASI input ports and two gigabyte Ethernet (GbE)
receptacles for Small Form Factor Pluggable (SFP) ports. Currently, just
one GbE receptacle is active for the NSG 8204. The GbE2 receptacle is
not active. When the SFP port module is in place, the cable plugs in with
its LC connector.
Harmonic recommends using the following SFP models, manufactured by
Finisar and sold by Harmonic separately from the NSG.
Parameter Specification
Connector LC-to-SFP
Cable Multimode or a single-mode fiber optics
SFP With multimode cable, use an 850 nm SFP.
With single-mode cable, use a 1310 nm SFP,
for transferring signals to a distance of up to
1 km.
Maximum input bit rate Refer to NSG 8108 - 2 x ASI 1 x GbE
Submodel, and NSG 8204.
24 ASI Input Ports CHAPTER 1
The Finisar data sheets for the models are included on the software
release CD.
The following table describes the back panel LEDs of the NSG supporting
GbE input. Two LEDs are assigned to each GbE port activity and alarm.
Fiber Type Finisar SFP Model
Multi-mode fiber FTRJ-8519-7D
Single-mode fiber FTRJ-1319-3
LED Color Description
Activity Green Illuminates when a live fiber is
connected to the port and a network
link is detected.
Blinks when real traffic flows through
the link.
Alarm Orange Indicates an error in the GbE port.
25 Features and Specifications ASI Input Ports
NSG 8108 Output Ports
RF Ports
The NSG 8108 back panel has four RF ports, numbered 14. Each port
outputs two channels.
Use RG-6 coaxial cables cable with F-type connectors to connect the RF
ports to the output devices. See Connecting the QAM-RF Output Cables
(NSG 8108) on page 29 for more information.
The following table provides the RF port specifications:
ASI Output Port for Monitoring
The NSG duplicates two transport streams to two ASI output ports
designed for monitoring purposes, applicable to both ASI and GbE data.
Use these ports to connect to devices that accept ASI input, such as an
MPEG analyzer.
NSG 8204 Output Ports
ASI Output Ports
The NSG 8204 back panel has four ASI ports, numbered 14. Each
output port has one transport stream that can carry upto 160 Mbps.
Use RG-6 coaxial cables with BNC connectors to connect the ASI output
ports to the output devices.
Parameter Description
Connector Male F connector
Cable RG-6
Output frequency 476-868 MHz
26 ASI Input Ports CHAPTER 1
Chapter 2
Installation and Cabling
This chapter describes how to install and cable the NSG. The 1-RU
chassis installs in a standard 19-inch computer rack.
Unpacking the NSG
The NSG comes in a specially designed shipping container that ensures
its safety during shipping and handling. To avoid damaging the NSG,
unpack it carefully.
Cabling the NSG
Connecting cables to the NSG is straightforward. The NSG ASI or GbE
input ports, QAM-RF or ASI output ports, and Ethernet ports are clearly
marked on the NSG back panel. See Back Panel on page 18 for
placement.
Connecting Power
The NSG comes with either an AC power supply or a 48 VDC power
supply. Follow the instructions appropriate to your power supply.
Connecting the AC Power Cable
If your NSG has the AC power line cord, connect the power cord to the
power plug on the NSG back panel, and connect the power cord to the
power outlet.
The power supply automatically senses the input voltage.
28 Connecting the ASI Input Cables (NSG 8108) CHAPTER 2
Connecting the 48 VDC Power Supply
If your NSG has the optional 48 VDC power supply, see
Appendix B, Wiring the 48 VDC Power Supply, for instructions
to wire the power supply.
Connecting the ASI Input Cables (NSG 8108)
The NSG has two or four ASI input ports labeled ASI IN and numbered 1
and 2 or 14, respectively.
The NSG requires RG-6 coaxial cables equipped with standard BNC
connectors.
To connect the ASI cables:
Connect the ASI output ports of your content server to the ASI input
ports on the NSG using RG-6 coaxial cables with BNC connectors.
Connecting the GbE Fiber Optic Cables
(NSG 8108 and 8204)
The GbE connection requires a fiber optic cable equipped with standard
LC plugs and SFP modules. You must purchase the SFP module
separately.
The NSG 8108 supports two SFP modules for channel redundancy. The
NSG 8204 supports only one SFP module at this time.
To connect the fiber optic cables to the NSG:
1. When the power is off, insert the SFP modules into the receptacles
labeled GbE 1 and GbE 2 at the back of the NSG.
If you have an NSG 8204, always use the GbE 1 receptacle.
2. Insert the LC plugs into the SFP module.
3. Connect the NSG to a switch or other NSG as appropriate for your
network configuration.
29 Installation and Cabling Connecting the QAM-RF Output Cables (NSG 8108)
The following figure shows a basic connection between an NSG and a
switch.
The NSG also supports advanced fiber optic cabling schemes such as
cascading, redundancy (NSG 8108 only), and including a DWDM in your
NSG network. See Appendix C, Advanced Fiber Optic Connections, for
instructions.
Connecting the QAM-RF Output Cables (NSG 8108)
The NSG has four RF output ports, labeled RF OUT and numbered 14,
which implement the dual upconverter technology. Each port delivers
either one or two RF channels.
To connect the RF Cables:
Use RG-6 coaxial cables equipped with F-type connectors to connect
the outgoing ports to your output equipment according to your
network schema.
30 Connecting the ASI Monitoring Port Cables (NSG 8108) CHAPTER 2
Connecting the ASI Monitoring Port Cables
(NSG 8108)
The ASI output ports for the NSG provide a method to monitor the
devices output data.
To connect the ASI output cables:
Connect ASI cables with BNC connectors from the ASI output ports
on the NSG back panel to a device such as an MPEG analyzer.
Note: The ASI monitoring port can output only one of two output
transport streams at a given time.
Connecting the ASI Output Cables (NSG 8204)
The NSG 8204 has four ASI output ports, labeled ASI OUT and
numbered14.
Connect an ASI cable with a BNC connector from the ASI output port on
the NSG back panel to an output device.
Connecting the Ethernet Cables
The Ethernet ports, labeled ETH1 and ETH2, provide access to two
independent networks.
To connect the Ethernet cables:
1. Connect an Ethernet cable with RJ-45 connectors from the ETH1 port
on the NSG to your management network hub or switch.
2. If Conditional Access (CAS) is used, connect an Ethernet cable with
RJ-45 connectors from the ETH2 port on the NSG to your CAS
network hub or switch.
31 Installation and Cabling Establishing Ethernet Connection
Establishing Ethernet Connection
Because the NSG is configured and controlled by a remote management
system, you must set the IP addresses of the Ethernet ports located on
the back panel of the NSG. Use a serial port connection between a PC
and the NSG to set NSG IP addresses.
Note: The NSG requires a user name and password to log in to all
management interfaces, including the serial communications console,
web client, FTP, and Telnet. You must contact Harmonic Customer
Support to obtain the user name and password before you can proceed
with the following configuration. See Appendix D, Customer Support
Information, for Customer Support contact information.
Connecting to the Device through the Serial Port
Follow these steps to connect to the NSG through its RS-232 serial port:
1. Use an RS-232 cable to connect the devices serial port to one of the
serial communication ports of your PC.
2. From the Windows Start menu on your PC, select Programs >
Accessories > HyperTerminal > HyperTerminal.
3. In the Connection Description dialog box, enter a descriptive name
(for example, NSG 8108 Connection) and select any icon.
4. Click OK.
5. In the Connect To dialog box, select the PCs serial port that you
want to use to connect to the NSG 8108 or the NSG 8204 in the
Connect Using drop-down list.
6. Click OK.
7. Set the following parameters under Port Settings:
Bits per second: 9600
Data bits: 8
Parity: None
Stop bits: 1
Flow control: None
32 Establishing Ethernet Connection CHAPTER 2
8. Click OK.
9. Verify that communication has been established by hitting the ENTER
key.
An NSG login prompt appears. However, you do not need to log in at
this time.
Starting the Boot Sequence
Once the computer serial port is configured for the NSG, you are ready
to run the configuration program as follows:
1. Power cycle the NSG by disconnecting then connecting the power
cord.
While booting, the NSG reports its activities over the serial
connection.
The NSG displays its current boot parameters, and prompts you to
press any key to change configuration parameters. The computer
displays the following message:
To change any of this, press Enter within 3 seconds
Note: The number of seconds to access the configuration parameters
is user-configurable, and might be different on your NSG device.
2. Within the given number of seconds, press Enter to access the
configuration parameters.
The computer displays the following message:
(M)odify any of this or (C)ontinue? [M]
3. Press Enter to accept the default M.
A menu appears.
4. Press Enter to accept the default option 4 Run the Application and
run the configuration program.
33 Installation and Cabling Establishing Ethernet Connection
5. The computer displays the following message:
If connected to host debugger which connection to
use?
1. Serial Connection
2. Network Connection
Which one do you want? [2]
6. Select option 2 as the default choice.
7. Follow the steps in the next section to continue and set the IP address
for Ethernet port 1.
Setting the IP Address for Ethernet Port 1
The NSG uses the Ethernet port labeled ETH1 on its back panel to
communicate with the management network.
Note: If you select the DHCP option for IP address assignment, you must
still define the ETH1 and ETH2 addresses. You must specify a non-zero IP
address or the port will be disabled.
The following message appears after executing step 6 in the section
above:
ETH1 LAN INTERFACE PARAMETERS:
Do you want a LAN interface? [Y]
To set the IP address for Ethernet port 1:
1. Press Enter (Y).
The following message appears:
This board's LAN IP address(198.168.100.44 = RARP)?
2. Type the desired IP address and press Enter.
After you enter the IP address, the following message appears:
Subnet mask for LAN (0 for none)? [255.255.255.0]
34 Establishing Ethernet Connection CHAPTER 2
3. Type the desired subnet mask and press Enter.
The following message appears:
Should there be a default gateway for packet
routing? [Y]
4. Respond [Y] if you'd like to use a gateway or [N] if a gateway is not
present in your network, and then press Enter.
What is its IP address? [198.168.100.1]
5. Type the IP address of the gateway and press Enter.
The following message appears:
HARDWARE PARAMETERS
Baud rate for serial channel [9600]:
6. Hit Enter to accept the default.
The following appears:
APPLICATION PARAMETERS:
The configuration program begins another cycle of questions for the
second Ethernet port. Follow the steps in the next section to continue
and set the IP address for Ethernet port 2.
Setting the IP Address for Ethernet Port 2
Note: If using the ETH2 port, you must configure its IP address on a
different subnet than that of the Ethernet 1 port. After you complete step
5 in the preceding section, the following message appears:
ETH2 LAN INTERFACE PARAMETERS:
Do you want a LAN interface? [Y]
If your system does not includes DVB-CAS scrambling, type [N] and hit
the ENTER key. If you do plan on using ETH2 port to connect to the CAS
network, type [Y]. You will then be prompted to enter the IP address
and subnet mask of the ETH2 port.
35 Installation and Cabling Establishing Ethernet Connection
Setting BOOTP and Software Upgrade Server
Parameters
Note: Older NSG units support the DHCP protocol instead of BOOTP. In
either case, the boot sequence is the same.
1. After you define ETH2 properties, the following message appears:
BOOTP and PLATFORM S/W UPGRADE PARAMETERS
Enable the BOOTP client on ETH1 (N - static IP? [N]
2. Respond [Y] only if you have a BOOTP setup in your network.
Otherwise respond [N], and go to the end of the sequence (step 5). If
you respond [Y], the following message appears:
BOOTP timeout in seconds (1 - 1000, 0 for infinity)
[10]
3. Enter the desired timeout value. Recommended timeout is 10
seconds, if you enter 0 the unit will continue to send BOOTP requests
for an unlimited time until it receives a reply. After you enter the
timeout, the following message appears:
Check for new software version on server and upgrade
if necessary? (0 - upgrade disabled)? [0]
4. If you enter [1], the NSG will check for new firmware on the upgrade
server every time it boots up, and automatically upgrade its firmware if
needed. Enter [0] if you wish to disable this option.
Note: The IP address of the upgrade server and the name of the new
firmware file are not entered manually, but provided by the BOOTP
server along with the units IP address.
5. Next, the following message appears:
How long (in seconds) should CPU delay before
starting up? [3]
6. If you want to change the delay time, type a number and press Enter
(the default is 3 seconds).
The first question now re-appears.
(M)odify any of this or (C)ontinue? [M]
36 Starting the NSG Web Client CHAPTER 2
7. Type (C) and press Enter to exit the configuration cycle.
The NSG boot sequence continues. When the boot sequence
finishes, the NSG is ready to accept further configuration through the
NSG web client or through MCT.
8. Follow the steps in the next section to verify your communications
settings.
Verifying Communications Settings
It is recommended to verify your network settings after the boot process
is finished.
To verify communications settings:
1. At the HyperTerminal, log in to the NSG with the user name and
password obtained from Harmonic Customer Support.
2. At the HyperTerminal, type ifconf -a and press Enter.
The NSG IP addresses, DHCP, and TFTP settings will be displayed.
3. At the HyperTerminal, type route -a and press Enter.
The NSG shows the IP address of the default gateway.
Starting the NSG Web Client
Once the NSG is properly cabled and setup in your network, you may
start using it:
1. Hook the NSG to its power source, and wait for it to complete its boot
process (the front panel LEDs should stop blinking).
2. Start Microsoft Internet Explorer (IE) on a PC that resides on the same
LAN as the NSG.
3. In the address bar of the IE, type the NSG's IP address. The NSG Web
Client opens. Through the web client you may configure the NSG and
monitor its status.
Note: For instructions on how to use the web client, you may invoke its
integral Online Help located on the menu tree on the left side of the web
client. Select the HELP link.
37 Installation and Cabling Access Levels
Access Levels
The NSG 8108 provides the user with two different access levels so as to
impede unauthorized access. The two different access levels are monitor
and configure, which can be entered using the correct Username and
Password combination. The monitor access level allows you to only view
the configuration in the NSG and the configure access level allows you to
execute configuration parameters via the we client. Passwords for both
access level may be changed through the web client. Refer to the NSG
Online Help for further information on changing passwords.
Entering the Monitor or Configure Access Level
1. Launch Internet Explorer, and connect to the URL of the NSG e.g
http://192.168.20.1802 as outlined in Starting the NSG Web Client.
2. A login window pops up requesting user name and password.
3. Enter in the User Name monitor or configure as appropriate.
4. Enter in the Password monitor (for the monitor User Name) or
configure (for the configure User Name) as appropriate.
5. Select OK.
You are now in the monitor or configure access level where you can view
the NSG configuration only.
38 Firmware Installation CHAPTER 2
Firmware Installation
The NSG ships with firmware and the web client installed. However,
Harmonic periodically releases firmware updates. To find out if the
provided firmware meets your needs or must be updated, contact
Harmonic Technical Support.
To upgrade a number of NSG devices use the MCT (NSG Mass
Configuration Tool). Refer to the MCT Online Help for details.
You can also upgrade individual NSG devices manually, as described in
the following section.
Installing and Updating the Firmware
Before starting the upgrade process, make sure that you have:
An FTP utility of your choice installed on a PC workstation connected
to your management network.
An RS-232 serial connection between the NSG and PC to establish a
hyperterminal session.
The new NSG firmware provided by Harmonic Technical Support.
Firmware may provided via the NSG release CD or downloaded from
the Harmonic FTP site.
To install or upgrade the firmware, execute the following:
1. Copy the new firmware file to a known location on your PC.
2. Use the FTP utility of your choice to establish a session between the
PC and NSG.
3. Log in to the NSG with the user name and password obtained from
Harmonic Customer Support.
4. Download the firmware file from your PC to the NSGs root directory.
Ensure the download is completed successfully.
Note: Use binary mode when downloading the firmware.
5. From a hyperterminal session, type the following command:
app filename
39 Installation and Cabling Firmware Installation
where filename is the name of the firmware file. This command
programs the application Flash.
Note: To establish a hyperterminal Connection see Connecting to
the Device through the Serial Port on page 31.
A counter appears, which indicates progress. When it reaches about
50, the NSG automatically resets itself and boots up with the new
firmware.
6. To determine if you installed the desired software version, wait for the
reboot process to complete. Use the hyperterminal session, type ver
and press ENTER. The device should report the same version number
specified in the release notes enclosed with the new firmware.
40 Firmware Installation CHAPTER 2
Chapter 3
Troubleshooting
The NSG 8108 has both warnings and alarms whereas, the NSG 8108
only has alarms. When the NSG issues a warning or alarm, the warning or
alarm message is posted both to NMX and the web client's alarm page.
The number of currently-active warnings and alarms appears in yellow
(warnings) and red (alarms) in the upper right-hand corner of the web
client. Refer below to view the warning and alarm text for the appropriate
device in alphabetical order, description and possible solutions.
Warnings and Alarms for the NSG 8108
Warnings for the NSG 8108
Note: X indicates the number for either service, input, TSout,
Upconverter or QAM.
Warning Message Description Solution
GbE X Channel
Failed. Activating
Redundant Channel
Active GbE channel
failed and triggered
automatic switch to
redundant channel.
Check all GbE connections.
GbE X Cannot find
BOOTP server.
Booting with
previous IP setting
BOOTP server did not
respond within the
defined timeout, NSG
booted with its
previous IP settings.
Retry BOOT.
Contact Customer
Support.
42 Warnings and Alarms for the NSG 8108 CHAPTER 3
GbE X UDAD Data
Not Received
No UDAD packets
received over the GbE
link.
Check if the link to the
switch is live and
active.Check if the switch is
configured for UDAD.
NSG Cooling fan
failure
At least one fan is
malfunctioning.
1. Check fan's power
connector.
2. Replace fan. You can
replace the fan while the
system is on, as follows:
Disconnect the fan
power cable. Release
the fan's four screws.
Replace with a new fan.
NSG Firmware file
download failed
Failed to download new
firmware file using the
specified
upgrade_server/path/
filename.
Check to see if the path is
correct.
NSG Incomplete or
corrupt firmware file.
Load failed, booting
with previous
firmware.
Firmware download
from upgrade server
succeeded, but new
firmware could not be
loaded to Flash due to
file corruption.
Check to see BOOTP Flash
version. Update if
necessary.
TSout X Number of
services exceeds
limit
The number of
provisioned services
exceeds the configured
threshold per TSout.
Deprovision one or
more services.
Or
Configure a higher
threshold
Warning Message Description Solution
43 Troubleshooting Warnings and Alarms for the NSG 8108
Alarms for the NSG 8108
Alarm Message Description Solution
ASI X Signal loss No input transport
stream is running
through the ASI port.
Check the source. Check
the input cable and replace
if defective.
GbE X Input errors Indicates a CRC error in
the input.
Verify the input services are
valid from the server.
GbE X Link down This alarm can occur
for three reasons:
The Etherlink link of
the GbE port is not
functioning.
The source is not
sending a signal.
The source is
sending a signal
that is too weak
For an NSG 8108 with
automatic redundancy
enabled:
If this failure occurs
on the active GbE
channel, a
redundancy switch
is triggered and the
backup GbE
channel becomes
active.
If this failure occurs
on the backup GbE
channel, you
receive notification
in the alarm list and
alarm log, but the
Alarm LED does not
turn red.
1. Verify that the fiber is
properly connected to
the SFP.
2. Verify that SFP is
properly inserted.
3. Check the fiber for
physical damage.
4. Check that the source is
sending a signal.
5. Check the source signal
strength using an optical
power-meter. The
minimum light intensity
that the SFP requires to
maintain a link is:
850 nm SFP: - 17 dBm
1310 nm SFP: - 20 dBm
GbE X Management
buffer overflow
Management traffic on
the GbE port network
exceeds the port's
capacity.
Check for sources of
excessive management
traffic.
44 Warnings and Alarms for the NSG 8108 CHAPTER 3
GbE X Management
port failed
This alarm is issued by
the GbE port in case it
failed to initialize its
management interface
during NSG power-up.
In this situation, the
GbE port is not capable
of handling any
management traffic,
including UDAD traffic.
The NSG must be
power-cycled again.
If the problem persists,
contact Customer
Support.
GbE X MPEG buffer
overflow
MPEG data arriving at
the GbE port exceeds
the port's capacity
1. If the problem is
constant, the NSG is
over-subscribed.
Deprovision services
until the error clears.
2. If the alarm appears
momentarily, the source
material may be arriving
in bursts and
overflowing the port
during transmission
peaks.
GbE X MPEG sync
loss
Indicates no valid
MPEG data found in the
GbE traffic.
Check the source. Check
the input cable and replace
if defective.
GbE X SFP not
mounted
Indicates that some (or
all) UDP packets that
were received over the
GbE port do not
contain valid MPEG
data.
1. Verify that an SFP
module is present and is
properly mounted in
GbE 1.
2. If GbE input is not
required, disable the
GbE port through the
Config Input option in
the web client.
GbE X No Valid
MPEG Stream in
Input
The data received
through the GbE port is
not a valid MPEG
stream. Typically, the
GbE stream does not
contain PAT.
Check the GbE source for
content and/or
encapsulation problems.
Alarm Message Description Solution
45 Troubleshooting Warnings and Alarms for the NSG 8108
GbE X UDAD
Ethernet Connection
Failed
The NSG could not
establish Ethernet
connectivity with the
switch.
Check if the switch's
management IP address
matches the one shown on
the NSG's Input
configuration page.Check if
the switch is connected to
the management LAN.
GbE X UDAD Telnet
Connection Failed
The NSG could not
establish Ethernet
session with the switch.
Check if Telnet is enabled
on the switch.
GbE X UDAD
Configuration Failed
The switch has rejected
the configuration sent
by the NSG.
Check if the switch is
configured correctly for
UDAD.
GbE X UDAD
Authentication
Failure
The switch has rejected
the login information
provided by the NSG.
Check if the switch's
password matches the one
configured in the NSG's
Input configuration page.
NSG System overall
temperature alarm
The NSG internal
measured temperature
exceeded the limit.
The NSG internal measured
temperature exceeded the
limit.
QAM X Bit rate
mismatch
QAM modulator cannot
lock on its input. This
type of alarm may
indicate a QAM
modulator hardware
configuration failure.
Reapply the QAM
configuration:
Set the output bit rate to
a new value. Check for
alarm clearance.
Return to the original
output bit rate.
Alarm Message Description Solution
46 Warnings and Alarms for the NSG 8108 CHAPTER 3
SCS ECMG stream
error
Connection to the
ECMG has failed, and
services may not be
encrypted properly.
1. Check Ethernet link of
Ethernet port 2.
2. Check ECMG definitions
in the web client. Make
sure that all parameters
match the properties of
the CAS system in use.
3. It may be that a specific
service was not
provisioned correctly by
the EIS. Verify that
provisioning parameters
are correct.
SCS ECMG
connection failure
Connection to the
ECMG has failed, and
services may not be
encrypted properly.
1. Check Ethernet link of
Ethernet port 2.
2. Check ECMG definitions
in the web client. Make
sure that all parameters
match the properties of
the CAS system in use.
3. It may be that a specific
service was not
provisioned correctly by
the EIS. Verify that
provisioning parameters
are correct.
SCS Provision
conflict
A service that is not
configured on any of
the NSGs inputs has
been provisioned
through the external
EIS.
1. Deprovision the service
through the external EIS.
2. Configure the required
service using the
Switching option in the
Web client.
3. Reprovision the service
through the EIS option in
the web client.
TSout X Overflow The actual output bit
rate exceeds the
configured QAM output
bit rate.
Deprovision several services
of the specific output until
the alarm clears.
Alarm Message Description Solution
47 Troubleshooting Warnings and Alarms for the NSG 8108
Upconverter X
General alarm
An upconverter internal
hardware failure.
Restart the NSG:
Turn it off by
disconnecting the power
cord.
Turn it back on and
check for alarm
clearance.
Upconverter X
Power failure
Power level to the
upconverter
momentarily exceeded
limits. Alarm clears
when you restart the
NSG.
Restart the NSG:
Turn it off by
disconnecting the power
cord.
Turn it back on and
check for alarm
clearance.
Upconverter X
Communication
failure
Indicates a hardware
failure.
Call Customer Support.
Upconverter X RF
level out of range
This type of alarm is
generated when the RF
output power level falls
below limit.
Call Customer Support.
Upconverter X
Temperature out of
range
Upconverter
temperature is out of
the defined range.
Call Customer Support.
Upconverter X PLL1
failure
Indicates a hardware
failure.
Call Customer Support.
Upconverter X PLL2
failure
Indicates a hardware
failure.
Call Customer Support.
Alarm Message Description Solution
48 Alarms for the NSG 8204 CHAPTER 3
Alarms for the NSG 8204
When the NSG 8204 issues an alarm, the alarm message is posted both
to NMX and the web client's alarm page. Refer below to view the alarm
text in alphabetical order, description and possible solutions.
Upconverter
Mismatch
The four upconverters
installed in the NSG are
not the same type. The
NSG checks the
upconverters during
boot up and sends this
alarm if it detects that
there are different
kinds of upconverters.
All four upconverters
must be the same type
for the NSG to function
properly.
Call Customer Support.
Upconverter X
Repeated failures
This alarm is sent when
an upconverter sends
four critical alarms
within a 24-hour
period. The affected
upconverter is
automatically shut
down when this alarm
occurs.
The following alarms
are considered critical
alarms:
Internal
Communication
Failure
Power Failure
PLL1 Failure
PLL2 Failure
Call Customer Support
Reboot the NSG to clear
the alarm, but it is likely
to occur again.
Alarm Message Description Solution
49 Troubleshooting Alarms for the NSG 8204
Note: X indicates the number for either service, input, or TSout.
Alarm Message Description Solution
NSG system overall
temperature alarm
The NSG internal
measured temperature
exceeded the limit.
The NSG internal measured
temperature exceeded the
limit.
NSG cooling fans
failure
At least one of the fans
located on the back
plane does not function
properly.
Check fan's power
connector.
Replace fan. You can
replace the fan while the
system is on, as follows:
Disconnect the fan
power cable. Release
the fan's four screws.
Replace with a new fan.
GbE X input buffer
overflow
Input to GbE port
exceeds the maximum
allowed rate, causing
buffer overflow.
Reduce bit rate of incoming
traffic to the NSGs GbE
port.
GbE X input errors Indicates a CRC error in
the input.
Verify the input services are
valid from the server.
GbE X link down The Ethernet link of the
GbE port is not
functioning.
1. Verify that the fiber is
properly connected to
the SFP.
2. Verify that SFP is
properly inserted.
3. Check the fiber for
physical damage.
50 Alarms for the NSG 8204 CHAPTER 3
GbE X MPEG sync
loss
Indicates that some (or
all) UDP packets that
were received over the
GbE port do not
contain valid MPEG
data.
Check the source. Check
the input cable and replace
if defective.
GbE X SFP Not
Mounted
The SFP module is
missing or not properly
mounted.
1. Verify that an SFP
module is present and is
properly mounted in
GbE 1.
2. If GbE input is not
required, disable the
GbE port through the
Config Input option in
the Web client.
Alarm Message Description Solution
Appendix A
Fuse Replacement
This appendix contains service information that explains how to replace
the fuse in the NSG.
If your NSG has an AC power supply, the NSG uses a 2-amp slow-blow
fuse that is located inside the power socket. A spare fuse is located
inside the compartment adjacent to the power socket.
Warning: Always replace the fuse with a fuse of the same rating and type.
Using a different fuse voids the Harmonic warranty and could result in fire
or other electrical damage.
To replace the fuse, follow these instructions:
Warning: You must disconnect the power cord before removing the fuse.
1. Unplug the power cord from the chassis to disconnect the power.
2. Pull down the fuse cover on the back panel.
3. Remove the old fuse.
4. Install the new fuse.
5. Replace the fuse cover.
6. Plug in the NSG and turn it on.
52 APPENDIX A
Appendix B
Wiring the 48 VDC Power Supply
If your NSG has the optional 48 VDC power supply, follow these steps
to wire the power supply.
Getting Started
Before you begin wiring the 48 VDC power supply, make sure that you
provide the necessary overcurrent protection, wires, and power
connector.
Power Source Specifications
The DC power source feeding the NSG device must meet the following
requirements:
Electrically isolated from any AC power source
Positive ground. The Positive bus of the DC power source must be
reliably connected to the Ground bus.
Each feed-pair must provide a continuous supply of power that meets the
following specifications:
Parameter Specification
Voltage 36 to 75 VDC
Max. operating current 4 amps
Max. input surge current 35 amps
54 Wiring Requirements APPENDIX B
Overcurrent Protection
To provide overcurrent protection:
Provide overcurrent protection devices as part of each rack housing
NSG devices.
Locate readily accessible circuit breakers between the DC power
source and the NSG.
Use a 10-amp double-pole fast trip, DC-rated circuit breaker for each
DC power connector.
Note: Overcurrent protection devices must meet applicable national and
local electrical safety codes and be approved for the intended
application.
Wiring Requirements
The NSG is connected to the DC power source using three wires:
Vin
GND
+Vin
Although Harmonic provides the power input connector with the NSG
device, you must supply the wires.
The wires to be used must comply with the following specifications:
n
Parameter Specification
Suitable conductor material Copper only
Vin and +Vin wires 16 AWG rating
Ground cable 16 AWG rating
Cable insulation rating Minimum 80 C, low smoke fume (LSF), flame
retardant
55 Wiring the 48 VDC Power Supply Wiring Requirements
Power Connector
The NSG is supplied with a special DC power connector plug that
matches the DC power socket on the back of the NSG device.
This connector is made by WAGO, model number 231-103/037-000.
Use only the original connector for connecting the NSG to the DC power
source. Contact Harmonic Technical Support if you want to use any other
type of connector.
The following figure shows the connector and its strain relief housing:
:
Cable type Must comply with at least one of the
following standards:
UL 1581 (VW-1) - UL style 1028 or
equivalent
EEE 383
EEE 1202-1991
Branch circuit cable insulation
color
Per applicable national electrical codes
Grounding cable insulation
color
Green or yellow-green
Parameter Specification
56 Assembling the DC Input Power Cable APPENDIX B
Assembling the DC Input Power Cable
To assemble the DC input power cable:
1. Prepare the power wires as specified in Wiring Requirements on
page 54.
2. Use the circuit breakers to make sure that the power supply from the
DC power source to the cables is switched off.
Caution: Turn off the power before proceeding with these
instructions.
3. Unplug the WAGO power connector from the power socket on the
NSG back panel.
4. Identify the three wires coming from the DC power source that are
used in the connection to the expansion unit:
Vin
+Vin
GND
5. Strip up to 0.3 inches (8 mm) of insulation from each of the wires
coming from the DC power source.
Do not strip more than this length from each wire. Stripping more
leaves uninsulated wire exposed outside the DC connector after the
assembly is complete.
6. Insert a small screwdriver into the rectangular hole directly above the
hole in the DC connector where you want to insert the first cable and
press down on the screwdriver.
This opens the cage clamp for this section of the DC plug connector.
Note: WAGO also sells tools specifically designed to open cage
clamps easily. For more information, either visit the WAGO web site at
www.wago.com, or call WAGO at 1-800-346-7245 and request
information about items 210-250 or 231-131.
7. Feed the exposed section of the wire into the matching hole in the DC
plug connector.
See the pin-out figure below to match wires with the required holes.
57 Wiring the 48 VDC Power Supply Connecting the Power Cable to the NSG
8. Repeat steps 5 through 7 for the other two wires to complete the
assembly of the DC input cable.
Note: If you need to remove a wire from the DC plug connector, insert a
small screwdriver into the slot directly above the wire and press down on
the screwdriver to free the wire from the cage clamp.
Connecting the Power Cable to the NSG
1. Ensure the NSG is securely installed in a rack.
2. Connect the DC input power cable to the DC connector on the NSG
back panel, as illustrated in the following figure.
Grounding screw
58 Connecting the Power Cable to the NSG APPENDIX B
Note: The NSG comes with an additional grounding screw next to the
power inlet connector. Use this screw to ground the NSG chassis to
the rack if the wiring standards at your site require such grounding.
Your NSG is now connected to power.
3. Complete any other cabling that may still be needed, and engage the
circuit breaker to start using the device.
Appendix C
Advanced Fiber Optic Connections
The NSG family supports advanced fiber optic cabling schemes,
including cascading of NSG devices, DWDM links and GbE channel
redundancy.
Cascading
The NSG family uses the cascading option to optimize the GbE
bandwidth by chaining any number of NSGs together. Each NSG device
draws the services intended for it and passes on the rest of the traffic so
a total of 1 Gigabit is used.
Cascading Single Channels
To cascade NSGs using a single GbE channel (and no channel
redundancy):
1. Connect the switch Tx to the GbE1 Rx connector on the first NSG in
the chain.
2. Connect the NSG GbE1 Tx to the next NSG GbE1 Rx.
Continue chaining until you reach the last NSG in the chain.
3. Connect the last NSG GbE1 Tx to the switch Rx.
4. Select the last NSG in the chain. Activate the Last in Chain option. For
further information refer to the NSG Online Help.
5. In the web client configure the appropriate GbE channel.
60 Cascading APPENDIX C
The following figure illustrates the cascaded connections.
Cascading Redundant Channels
The NSG family also supports GbE channel redundancy for cascaded
NSG devices.
To add a connection for the redundant GbE channel:
1. Connect the first GbE channel as described in Cascading Single
Channels on page 59, but do not connect the last NSG in the chain
back to the switch.
2. Connect the Switch 2 Tx to the GbE 2 Rx connector on the last NSG in
the chain.
Note: The two channels run in opposite directions for maximum
protection. If an NSG in the middle of the chain fails, then units
downstream from the failed device can switch to the redundant
channel and continue to operate.
3. Connect the NSG GbE2 Tx on the last NSG to the GbE2 Rx on the
next-to-last NSG in the chain.
4. Continue chaining in this direction until you reach the first NSG.
5. Connect the last NSG Rx to switch 2 Tx and select the Last in Chain
option from the web client.
61 Advanced Fiber Optic Connections Connecting a DWDM
The following figure shows the connections for cascaded NSGs with
redundancy.
Connecting a DWDM
If your network includes dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM),
add the DWDM unit in between the switch and the NSG. The following
example shows a cascaded DWDM setup with redundancy, but you
could include a DWDM in a non-cascaded or non-redundant
configuration.
62 Connecting a DWDM APPENDIX C
To set up redundant GbE channels with a DWDM:
1. Connect the first Tx connector on the demultiplexing module of the
DWDM to the GbE1 Rx connector on the first NSG in the chain.
2. Connect the NSG GbE1 Tx to the next NSG GbE1 Rx.
Continue chaining until you reach the last NSG in the chain.
3. Connect the second Tx connector on the demultiplexing module of
the DWDM to the GbE2 Rx connector on the last NSG in the chain.
4. Connect the NSG GbE2 Tx on the last NSG to the GbE2 Rx on the
next-to-last NSG in the chain.
5. Continue chaining in this direction until you reach the first NSG.
The following figures shows the connections for cascaded NSGs with
a DWDM and redundant channels.
Note: The following diagram illustrates typical 8108 NSG devices
cascading configuration. Typically for the 8204 NSGs only two devices
are cascaded.
63 Advanced Fiber Optic Connections Connecting a DWDM
64 Connecting a DWDM APPENDIX C
Appendix D
Customer Support Information
Contacting Harmonic for Technical Support
The Harmonic Customer Support group is available to help you with any
questions or problems you might have regarding Harmonic products.
You can reach them at:
E-mail: techhelp@harmonicinc.com
Phone: (408) 490-6477
1888MPEGTWO (673-4896)
Fax: (408) 490-6770
Harmonic Inc.
549 Baltic Way
Sunnyvale, California 94089
Attn: Customer Support
66 Contacting Harmonic for Technical Support APPENDIX D
Glossary
Numerics
A
ASI
asynchronous serial interface. A DVB-
defined interface protocol for carrying
MPEG-2 transport streams at a constant or
defined transmission rate.
B
bandwidth
The maximum amount of data that a
transmission device (cable, fiber-optics link,
satellite feed, and so on) is capable of
carrying.
bandwidth allocation
The process of assigning portions of the
total bandwidth on the basis of the
requirements of the program material. A
channel that requires a high-quality picture,
for example, a live sports broadcast, should
be allocated a high bandwidth. A channel
that can be transmitted with a lower-quality
picture, for example, a VCR-quality movie,
should be assigned a lower bandwidth.
C
CAS
conditional access system. Scrambles the
programming material and allows
conditional access to the descrambled
information on the basis of subscriber
authorization. In consumer applications, CAS
allows access to certain programs on the
basis of a monetary exchange. In
commercial applications, CAS allows
controlled access to proprietary programs.
cascading
The concept that NSGs maybe chained
together is to optimize the bandwidth
utilization of one GbE.
CMTS
Works as an arbitrator for IP
communications over RF networks.
See also INA.
component
A Harmonic hardware product that is a
single, self-contained part of the network.
conditional access
See CAS.
data stream Glossary 68
D
data stream
The continuous flow of information from
one location to another.
DCE
data communications equipment. A
device that communicates with a
DTE over EIA-232. For example, a modem
is a DCE that sends to and accepts data
from a host computer (DTE). See also DTE.
downstream
The direction of the communications
service data flow. Broadcast services flow
downstream from the service provider to
the subscriber.
DTE
data terminal equipment. A device
that communicates with a DCE
device over EIA-232. For example, a DTE is
a computer that sends to and accepts data
from a modem (DCE). See also DCE.
E
Ethernet
A data link (physical interface) developed
for local area networks (LANs) that supports
transmission rates up to 10 Mbps. Fast
Ethernet supports transmission rates up to
100 Mbps.
G
GbE
Gigabit Ethernet. A transmission technology,
based on the Ethernet frame format and
protocol used in local area networks, that
provides a data rate of 1 billion bits per
second.
H
headend
The distribution point in a TV system.
Hertz
A unit of frequency defined as one cycle
per second. Abbreviated Hz.
Hz
See Hertz.
I
I/O
input/output. Refers to a connection that
inputs and outputs data.
INA
Works as an arbitrator for IP
communications over RF networks. It is
based on the DVB standard. See
also CMTS.
IP address
An identifier for a computer or device on an
Internet Protocol (IP) network. Networks
using IP route messages based on the IP
address of the destination. An IP address is
a 32-bit number written in dotted decimal
notation: four 8-bit sections, separated by
periods, converted from binary to decimal.
Each section is a number from zero to 255.
L
LC
A high-density optical connector used for
single-mode and multimode fiber-optic
applications.
Glossary EIA-232 69
M
MPEG
Moving Picture Experts Group. A joint
working group of the International
Standards Organization and International
Electrotechnical Committee.
multimode fiber
Optical fiber designed to carry multiple light
rays or modes concurrently, each at a
slightly different reflection angle within the
optical fiber core. Multimode fiber
transmission is used for relatively short
distances because the modes tend to
disperse over longer lengths For longer
distances, singlemode fiber is used.
multiplex
The ability to combine multiple signals over
a single communications line or channel.
multiplexer
A function where multiple signals are
combined into a single signal. A device that
merges several lower-speed transmissions
into one high-speed transmission, and vice
versa.
O
OS
operating system.
P
packet
A block of data used for transmission.
PID
packet identifier. Integer values used in the
MPEG-2 standard to identify an elementary
stream of a program within a transport
stream.
pinouts
The description and purpose of each pin in
a connector.
port
A port is an input to or an output from a
component, an adapter, or a module.
Q
QAM
quadrature amplitude modulation.
Transmits 4 bits (16 QAM) to 8 bits
(64 QAM) at the same time by varying the
phase and amplitude of a signal. QAM can
only be used on very quiet transmission
media, such as downstream-only coaxial
cable or fiber, because amplitude
modulation is susceptible to interfering
signals.
R
redundancy
A back-up system of Harmonic components
that ensures uninterruptable service in the
event of a component failure.
EIA
Electronic Industries Alliance. A U.S. trade
organization that is responsible for
establishing hardware interface standards.
EIA-232
An EIA standard interface for connecting
serial devices (DCEs), such as modems,
monitors, mice, and serial printers to a DTE.
EIA-232 supports the 25-pin D-type
connector (DB-25) and a 9-pin D-type
connector (DB-9).
SFP Glossary 70
S
SFP
small form factor pluggable transceiver.
singlemode fiber
Optical fiber designed for the transmission
of a single ray or mode of light as a carrier
and is used for long-distance signal
transmission. For short distances,
multimode fiber is used.
SNMP
Simple Network Management Protocol. The
protocol that Harmonic control and
management systems use to configure and
monitor Harmonic devices remotely over IP.
subscriber
The end user of a broadcast system; the
person who views programs for
entertainment purposes.
T
transport stream
One or more multiplexed MPEG-2
programs.
V
VAM
video access manager.
Index
A
agency approvals ii
air inlets 17
ASI
cabling 28, 30
definition 67
input ports 4, 7
port specifications 22
ports 22
B
back panel 18
bandwidth allocation, definition 67
bandwidth, definition 67
C
cabling
-48 VDC power supply 28, 53
ASI cables 28
DWDM 61
Ethernet ports 30
fiber optic cables 28, 59
NSG 27
RF cables 29
CAS
definition 67
support 6, 8
cascading 59, 67
chassis 4, 7, 9
CMTS, defined 67
compliance and approval ii
component, definition 67
conditional access
definition 67
support 6, 8
connectors, RJ-45 21
conventions viii
customer support, contacting 65
D
data stream, definition 68
DCE, definition 68
disclaimer ii
downstream, definition 68
DTE, definition 68
DWDM, cabling 61
dynamic change 5, 8, 10
E
EIA, definition 69
EIA-232 ports 21
Ethernet
configuring ports 31
definition 68
pinout 21
Ethernet Connection 31
F
FCC ii
FCC, compliance ii
Features and specifications 4
fiber optic cables, connecting 28
filtering 5, 8
firmware
G Index 72
upgrading via FTP 38
upgrading via MCT 38
front panel 15
front panel LEDS 5
FTP firmware 38
fuse, removing and replacing 51
G
GbE 68
connecting cables 28
input ports 7, 9
port specifications 23
ports 22
Gigabit Ethernet 68
H
Harmonic equipment, modifying ii
Harmonic, contacting 65
headend, definition 68
Hertz, definition 68
Hz, See Hertz. 68
I
I/O, definition 68
INA, definition 68
IP address
definition 68
setting 33
L
LC 68
LEDs 16
on 8108 5, 8
on 8204 9
M
maintenance, fuses 51
MCT
upgrading firmware 38
monitoring
ASI output 25
of 8108 6, 9
of 8204 10
Motorola pre-encryption 6
MPEG, definition 69
multi-mode fiber 69
multiplex, definition 69
multiplexer, definition 69
N
notational conventions viii
O
OS, definition 69
P
packet, definition 69
PIDs, definition 69
pinouts
definition 69
EIA-232 22
Ethernet 21
ports
ASI 22
cabling Ethernet 30
definition 69
EIA-232 21
Ethernet 21, 31
GbE 22
RF 25
RF monitoring 17
power consumption 20
power supply, description 20
PSI generation 6, 9
Q
QAM
definition 69
modulators 5, 7
R
redundancy
cabling diagram 61
definition 69
RF output ports 5, 7
RJ-45 connector 21
Index W 73
S
SFP 22, 70
single-mode fiber 70
Small Form Factor Pluggable. See SFP
SNMP
definition 70
support 6, 8, 10
subscriber, definition 70
T
technical support, contacting 65
trademark acknowledgments ii
transceiver 70
transport stream, definition 70
U
UL ii
Unpacking 27
W
web client
starting 36
W Index 74