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SLA7024M, SLA7026M, AND SMA7029M HIGH-CURRENT PWM, UNIPOLAR STEPPER MOTOR CONTROLLER/DRIVERS AND

SLA7024M, SLA7026M, SMA7029M


The SLA7024M, SLA7026M, and SMA7029M are designed for high-efficiency and high-performance operation of 2-phase, unipolar stepper motors. An automated, innovative packaging technology combined with power FETs and monolithic logic/control circuitry advances power multi-chip modules (PMCMs) toward the complete integration of motion control. Highly automated manufacturing techniques provide low-cost and exceptionally reliable PMCMs suitable for controlling and directly driving a broad range of 2-phase, unipolar stepper motors. The three stepper motor multi-chip modules differ primarily in output current ratings (1.5 A or 3.0 A) and package style. All three PMCMs are rated for an absolute maximum limit of 46 V and utilize advanced NMOS FETs for the high-current, high-voltage driver outputs. The avalanche-rated (100 V) FETs provide excellent ON resistance, improved body diodes, and very-fast switching. The multi-chip ratings and performance afford significant benefits and advantages for stepper drives when compared to the higher dissipation and slower switching speeds associated with bipolar transistors. Normally, heat sinks are not required for the SLA7024M or SMA7029M. The SLA7026M, in demanding, higher-current systems designs, necessitates suitable heat transfer methods for reliable operation. Complete applications information is given on the following pages. PWM current is regulated by appropriately choosing current-sensing resistors, a voltage reference, a voltage divider, and RC timing networks. The RC components limit the OFF interval and control current decay. Inputs are compatible with 5 V logic and microprocessors.

Data Sheet 28201

HIGH-CURRENT PWM, UNIPOLAR STEPPER MOTOR CONTROLLER/DRIVERS


SMA7029M
1

OUTA OFF DELAY A REFERENCE A GROUND A IN A OUT A SENSE A CNTRL SPLY SENSE B OUT B OFF DELAY B GROUND B REFERENCE B IN B OUT B

CONTROL/LOGIC

VREF

ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS at TA = +25C


Load Supply Voltage, VBB . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 V FET Output Voltage, VDS . . . . . . . . . . . 100 V Control Supply Voltage, VCC . . . . . . . . . . 46 V Peak Output Current, IOUTM (tw 100 s) SLA7024M . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.0 A SLA7026M . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.0 A SMA7029M . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.0 A Continuous Output Current, IOUT SLA7024M . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.5 A SLA7026M . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.0 A SMA7029M . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.5 A Input Voltage Range, VIN . . . . -0.3 V to 7.0 V Reference Voltage, VREF . . . . . . . . . . . 2.0 V Package Power Dissipation, PD . See Graph Junction Temperature, TJ . . . . . . . . . +150C Operating Temperature Range, TA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -20C to +85C Storage Temperature Range, Tstg . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -40C to +150C

2
VREF +

3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

VCC

CONTROL/LOGIC
Dwg. PK-007

BENEFITS AND FEATURES s s s s s s s s Cost-Effective, Multi-Chip Solution Turn-Key Motion-Control Module Motor Operation to 3 A and 46 V 3rd Generation High-Voltage FETs 100 V, Avalanche-Rated NMOS Low rDS(on) NMOS Outputs Advanced, Improved Body Diodes Single-Supply Motor/Module Operation s s s s s s s s s s Half- or Full-Step Unipolar Drive High-Efficiency, High-Speed PWM Dual PWM Current Control (2-Phase) Programmable PWM Current Control Low Component Count PWM Drive Low Internal Power Dissipation Heat Sinking (Normally) Unnecessary Electrically Isolated Power Tab Logic IC- and P-Compatible Inputs Machine-Insertable Package

Always order by complete part number: Part Number SLA7024M SLA7026M SMA7029M Package 18-Lead Power-Tab SIP 18-Lead Power-Tab SIP 15-Lead SIP Output Current 1.5 A 3.0 A 1.5 A

TM

MicroSystems, Inc.

SLA7024M, SLA7026M, AND SMA7029M HIGH-CURRENT PWM, UNIPOLAR STEPPER MOTOR CONTROLLER/DRIVERS
SLA7024M and SLA7026M FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM
CONTROL SUPPLY 7 12 V CC IN 6 17 A/B IN A/B 5 16 OUT A/B OUT 1 11 A/B

8 18

REG.

REFERENCE

+ 3 14 +

13 2 OFF-TIME DELAY

15 4 GROUND CHANNEL A PIN NUMBERS CHANNEL B PIN NUMBERS

10 9 SENSE

Dwg. FK-005

Note that channels A and B are electrically isolated.

SMA7029M FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM


CONTROL SUPPLY 8 8 V CC IN A/B 5 14 OUT A/B 1 10 OUT A/B 6 15

REG.

REFERENCE

+ 3 13 +

11 2 OFF-TIME DELAY

12 4 GROUND CHANNEL A PIN NUMBERS CHANNEL B PIN NUMBERS

9 7 SENSE

Dwg. FK-005-1

Note that except for the control supply, channels A and B are electrically isolated.

TM

MicroSystems, Inc.

115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036 115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036 Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000 Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000 Copyright 1994 Allegro MicroSystems, Inc.

SLA7024M, SLA7026M, AND SMA7029M HIGH-CURRENT PWM, UNIPOLAR STEPPER MOTOR CONTROLLER/DRIVERS

ALLOWABLE PACKAGE POWER DISSIPATION


ALLOWABLE PACKAGE POWER DISSIPATION in WATTS
25

SLA7024M and SLA7026M

20
PREFIX 'SLA' R JM = 5.0C/W

15
PREFIX 'SMA' RJM = 6.0C/W

CONTROL/LOGIC

CONTROL/LOGIC

VREF

PREFIX 'SLA' R JA = 28C/W PREFIX 'SMA' R JA = 31C/W


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18

VCC

VCC

VREF

10

REFERENCE B

GROUND B

SENSE B

CNTRL SPLY B

OFF DELAY B

REFERENCE A

OUT A

OFF DELAY A

GROUND A

0 25 50 75 100 TEMPERATURE in C 125 150


Dwg. GK-018

CNTRL SPLY A

SENSE A

OUTA

Dwg. PK-006

ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS at TA = +25C


Limits Characteristic FET Leakage Current FET ON Voltage Symbol IDSS VDS(ON) Test Conditions VDS = 100 V, VCC = 44 V (SLA7024M & SMA7029M) VCC = 14 V, IOUT = 1 A (SLA7026M) VCC = 14 V, IOUT = 3 A FET ON Resistance (SLA7024M & SMA7029M) VCC = 14 V, IOUT = 1 A (SLA7026M) VCC = 14 V, IOUT = 3 A Body Diode Forward Voltage Control Supply Voltage Control Supply Current Input Current VCC ICC IIN(H) IIN(L) Input Voltage VIN(H) VIN(L)
NOTE: Negative current is defined as coming out of (sourcing) the specified device pin.

Min 10 2.0

Typ 0.9 0.9 24 10

Max 4.0 600 850 600 285 1.5 1.6 44 15 40 -800 0.8

Units mA mV mV m m V V V mA A A V V

rDS(on)
VSD

(SLA7024M & SMA7029M) IOUT = 1 A (SLA7026M) IOUT = 3 A Operating VCC = 44 V VCC = 44 V, VIN = 2.4 V VIN = 0.4 V

OUT B

OUTB

IN B

IN A

IN A

IN B

SLA7024M, SLA7026M, AND SMA7029M HIGH-CURRENT PWM, UNIPOLAR STEPPER MOTOR CONTROLLER/DRIVERS
TYPICAL STEPPER MOTOR APPLICATIONS
(Half of Each Device Shown)

SLA7024M and SLA7026M


V BB
A

IN B

IN B
A

OUT B 12 VCC 17 16 18 11

OUT B

REG. V b +5 V
R 1 510

TO CHANNEL A

VREF

+ +

R 2 100

2.4 k R 5

14

td 13 15

SENSE
10

+5 V 47 k R3 470 pF C1

C 3 2200 pF

S 1

Dwg. EK-008

TRUTH TABLES
(Device Types as Designated) WAVE DRIVE (FULL STEP) for SLA7024M and SLA7026M
Sequence Input A Input A Input B Input B Output ON 0 H L L L A 1 L L H L B 2 L H L L A 3 L L L H B 0 H L L L A

2-PHASE (FULL STEP) OPERATION for SLA7024M and SLA7026M


Sequence Input A Input A Input B Input B Outputs ON 0 H L H L AB 1 L H H L AB 2 L H L H AB 3 H L L H AB 0 H L H L AB

HALF-STEP OPERATION (2-1-2 SEQUENCE) for SLA7024M, SLA7026M, and SMA7029M


Sequence Input A Input A or tdA* Input B Input B or tdB* Output(s) ON 0 H L L L A 1 H L H L AB 2 L L H L B 3 L H H L AB 4 L H L L A 5 L H L H AB 6 L L L H B 7 H L L H AB 0 H L L L A

*Logic signals to external open-collector inverter connected to tdA and tdB.

TM

MicroSystems, Inc.

115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036 Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000

SLA7024M, SLA7026M, AND SMA7029M HIGH-CURRENT PWM, UNIPOLAR STEPPER MOTOR CONTROLLER/DRIVERS
TYPICAL STEPPER MOTOR APPLICATIONS
(Half of Device Shown)

SMA7029M
V BB
A

IN B
A

OUT B 8 V CC 14 10 15

OUT B

REG. V b +5 V
R 1 510

TO CHANNEL A

VREF

+ +

R 2 100

2.4 k R 5

13

td 11 12

SENSE
9

+5 V R 3 47 k OPEN-COLLECTOR INVERTER

C1 470 pF

C 3 2200 pF

S 1

Dwg. EK-008-1

TRUTH TABLES
(SMA7029M Only)

WAVE DRIVE (FULL STEP) for SMA7029M


Sequence Input A Input tdA* Input B Input tdB* Output ON 0 H L L L A 1 L L H L B 2 L H L L A 3 L L L H B 0 H L L L A

2- PHASE (FULL STEP) OPERATION for SMA7029M


Sequence Input A Input B Outputs ON 0 H L AB 1 H H AB 2 L H AB 3 L L AB 0 H L AB

*Logic signals to external open-collector inverter connected to tdA and tdB.

SLA7024M, SLA7026M, AND SMA7029M HIGH-CURRENT PWM, UNIPOLAR STEPPER MOTOR CONTROLLER/DRIVERS
APPLICATIONS INFORMATION
REGULATING THE PWM OUTPUT CURRENT The output current (and motor coil current) waveform is illustrated in Figure 1. Setting the PWM current trip point requires various external components: Vb = Reference supply (typically 5 V) R1, R2 = Voltage-divider resistors in the reference supply circuit RS = Current sensing resistor(s) NOTE: The maximum allowable VREF input voltage is 2.0 V. The voltage-divider must be selected accordingly. Normal PWM (Full-Current/Running) Mode IOUT is set to meet the specified running current for the motor (Figure 2) and is determined by: IOUT VREF RS R2 R1 + R2 Vb RS
I OUT PHASE A

(1)

or, if VREF is not known IOUT (2)

PHASE A

Dwg. WK-001

FIGURE 1. PHASE A COIL CURRENT WAVEFORM


Vb VCC INPUT V BB

R1

R3

R2

R5

C1
td
A A

V REF PEAK CURRENT DETECTOR PWM OFF-TIME CONTROL CONTROL LOGIC

CURRENT CONTROL & RECIRCULATING CURRENT CONTROL SENSE

C3

RS

Dwg. EK-009

FIGURE 2. PWM CONTROL (RUN MODE)

TM

MicroSystems, Inc.

115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036 Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000

SLA7024M, SLA7026M, AND SMA7029M HIGH-CURRENT PWM, UNIPOLAR STEPPER MOTOR CONTROLLER/DRIVERS
For given values of R1, R2, and V b (VREF 0.82 V), Figure 3 illustrates output current as a function of current-sensing resistance (RS).
3.0 SLA7026M MAX.

OUTPUT TRIP CURRENT in AMPERES

2.5 R1 = 510 R2 = 100 RX = Vb = 5 V 1.5

2.0

1.0

SLA7024M & SMA7029M MAX.

0.5

0 0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 CURRENT-SENSING RESISTANCE in OHMS 3.5 4.0
Dwg. GK-014

FIGURE 3. CURRENT-SENSING RESISTANCE Reduced/Holding Current Mode Additional circuitry (Figure 4) enables reducing motor current. The external transistor changes the voltage-divider ratio, VREF, and reduces the output current. IHOLD is determined by resistors R2 and RX in parallel: IHOLD or R2 RX R1 R2 + R1 RX + R2 RX R2 R1 + R2 Vb RS Vb RS (3)

IHOLD

(4)

where R2 = the equivalent value of R 2 and RX in parallel.


Vb

R1 RX HOLD R2 C3 R5 V REF SENSE

RS

Dwg. EK-010

FIGURE 4. HOLD CURRENT MODE

SLA7024M, SLA7026M, AND SMA7029M HIGH-CURRENT PWM, UNIPOLAR STEPPER MOTOR CONTROLLER/DRIVERS
For given values of R1, R2, and V b (VREF 0.82 V), Figures 5A and 5B illustrate output holding current as a function of RX for two values of currentsensing resistance (RS).
1.0 RS = 0.8

OUTPUT TRIP CURRENT in AMPERES

0.8

RS = 1.0 0.6

0.4 R1 = 510 R2 = 100 Vb = 5 V 0.2

0 0 100 200 300 400 500 HOLDING-CURRENT RESISTANCE in OHMS 600


Dwg. GK-015

FIGURE 5A. HOLD-CURRENT RESISTANCE (SLA7024M and SMA7029M)


3.0

R1 = 510 2.5 R2 = 100 Vb = 5 V RS = 0.33 2.0

OUTPUT TRIP CURRENT in AMPERES

RS = 0.47 1.5

1.0

0.5

0 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800


Dwg. GK-015-1

HOLDING-CURRENT RESISTANCE in OHMS

FIGURE 5B. HOLD-CURRENT RESISTANCE (SLA7026M) NOTE: Holding current determines holding torque, which is normally greater than running torque. Consult motor manufacturer for recommended safe holding current and motor winding temperature limits in standstill or detent mode. The MOSFET outputs create ringing noise with PWM, but the RC filter precludes malfunctions. The comparator operation is affected by R5 and C3 and, thus, current overshoot is influenced by component values. Empirical adjustment to fine-tune the current limit is likely.

TM

MicroSystems, Inc.

115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036 Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000

SLA7024M, SLA7026M, AND SMA7029M HIGH-CURRENT PWM, UNIPOLAR STEPPER MOTOR CONTROLLER/DRIVERS
DETERMINING THE MOTOR PWM FREQUENCY The modules function asynchronously, with PWM OFF time fixed by R3 and C1 at input td. The OFF time can be calculated as: 2 tOFF -R3 C1 logn (1 - ) (5) Vb Recommended circuit constants and tOFF are: Vb = 5 V R3 = 47 k C1 = 470 pF tOFF = 12 s
50

40 RS = 1 L/R = 1 to 3 ms
ON TIME in s

VCC = 24 V

30 25

20 VCC = 36 V

30 35 40

10

0 0 2 4 8 6 10 MOTOR RESISTANCE in OHMS 12 14


Dwg. GK-016

FIGURE 7. PWM FREQUENCY vs MOTOR RESISTANCE

POWER DISSIPATION CALCULATIONS Excepting high-current applications utilizing the SLA7026M above approximately 2.0 A at +65C (with 2-phase operation), the need for heat sinks is rare. The basic constituents of conduction losses (internal power dissipation) include: (a) FET output power dissipation (IOUT2 rDS(on) or IOUT VDS(ON)), (b) FET body diode power dissipation (VSD IOUT), and (c) control circuit power dissipation (VCC ICC ). Device conduction losses are calculated based on the operating mode (wave drive, half-step, or 2-phase). Assuming a 50% output duty cycle: Wave Drive = 0.5 (IOUT2 rDS(on)) + 0.5 (VSD IOUT) + (VCC 15 mA) Half-Step = 0.75 (IOUT2 rDS(on)) + 0.75 (VSD IOUT) + (VCC 15 mA) 2-Phase = (IOUT 2 rDS(on)) + (VSD IOUT ) + (VCC 15 mA)

CHOPPING FREQUENCY in kHz

20

SLA7024M, SLA7026M, AND SMA7029M HIGH-CURRENT PWM, UNIPOLAR STEPPER MOTOR CONTROLLER/DRIVERS
PACKAGE RATINGS/DERATING FACTORS Thermal ratings/deratings for the multi-chip module packages vary slightly. Normally, the SLA7024M and SMA7029M do not need heat sinking when operated within maximum specified output current (1.0 A with 2-phase drive) unless the design ambient temperature also exceeds +60C. Thermal calculations must also consider the temperature effects on the output FET ON resistance. The applicable thermal ratings for the PMCM packages are: SLA7024M and SLA7026M 18-Lead Power-Tab SIP RJA = 28C/W (no heat sink) or 4.5 W at +25C and a derating factor of -36 mW/C for operation above +25C. RJC = 5C/W. SMA7029M 15-Lead SIP RJA = 31C/W (no heat sink) or 4.0 W at +25C and a derating factor of -32 mW/C for operation above +25C. RJC = 6C/W.

TEMPERATURE EFFECTS ON FET rDS(on) Analyzing safe, reliable operation includes a concern for the relationship of NMOS ON resistance to junction temperature. Device package power calculations must include the increase in ON resistance (producing higher output ON voltages) caused by higher operating junction temperatures. Figure 8 provides a normalized ON resistance curve, and all thermal calculations should consider increases from the given +25C limits, which may be caused by internal heating during normal operation.
2.5

NORMALIZED FET ON RESISTANCE

2.0

1.5

1.0

0.5

0 -40 0 +40 +80 JUNCTION TEMPERATURE in C +120 +160


Dwg. GK-017

FIGURE 8. NORMALIZED ON RESISTANCE vs TEMPERATURE

TM

MicroSystems, Inc.

115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036 Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000

SLA7024M, SLA7026M, AND SMA7029M HIGH-CURRENT PWM, UNIPOLAR STEPPER MOTOR CONTROLLER/DRIVERS
SLA7024M and SLA7026M
Dimensions in Inches (Based on 1" = 0.03937 mm)
1.22 0.008 0.126
0.006

0.126 0.006 x 0.150 0.189


0.008

0.961 0.008 0.646


0.008

0.067
0.004

0.008

0.630

0.008

0.390

0.008

0.512

0.096
0.008

0.264
0.020

0.118 1 1.232 0.008 0.026 0.004


+0.008

18

+0.008 0.022 0.004

0.066
0.016

0.157
0.028

Dwg. MK-002-18 in

Dimensions in Millimeters
310.2 3.2
0.15

3.2 0.15 x 3.8 4.8


0.2

24.4 0.2 16.4 0.2

1.7
0.1

16 0.2

9.9 0.2

13 0.2

2.45
0.2

6.7
0.5

3.0 1 31.3 0.2


+0.2 0.65 0.1

18 1.68
0.4

0.55 +0.2
0.1

4.0
0.7

Dwg. MK-002-18 mm

NOTES: 1. Exact body and lead configuration at vendors option within limits shown. 2. Recommended mounting hardware torque: 4.34 5.79 lbfft (6 8 kgfcm or 0.588 0.784 Nm). 3. The hatched area is exposed (electrically isolated) heat spreader. 4. Recommend use of metal-oxide-filled, alkyl-degenerated oil base, silicone grease (Dow Corning 340 or equivalent).

SLA7024M, SLA7026M, AND SMA7029M HIGH-CURRENT PWM, UNIPOLAR STEPPER MOTOR CONTROLLER/DRIVERS

SMA7029M
Dimensions in Inches (Based on 1" = 0.03937 mm)
1.24 MAX. 1.22 0.008 0.157
0.008

0.098
0.008

0.008

0.402

0.335

MAX.

30 0.057
0.006

0.264
0.020

0.118 1 0.026 0.004


+0.008

15

0.022 +0.008 0.004 0.080


0.004

0.157
0.028

Dwg. MK-005-15 in

Dimensions in Millimeters
31.5 MAX. 310.2 4.0
0.2

2.5
0.2

10.2

0.2

MAX.

30 1.45
0.15

8.5

6.7
0.5

3.0 1 0.65 0.1


+0.2

15 2.03
0.1

0.55 +0.2 0.1 4.0


0.7

Dwg. MK-005-15 mm

NOTE: Exact body and lead configuration at vendors option within limits shown.
Allegro MicroSystems, Inc. reserves the right to make, from time to time, such departures from the detail specifications as may be required to permit improvements in the design of its products. Components made under military approvals will be in accordance with the approval requirements. The information included herein is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, Allegro MicroSystems, Inc. assumes no responsibility for its use; nor for any infringements of patents or other rights of third parties which may result from its use.

TM

MicroSystems, Inc.

115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036 Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000