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com/doc/51448854/Ambulance-trafficcontrollerDOCUMENTS

ABSTRACT This project deals with the control of traffic for an ambulance, it analyses thenumber of vehicles passing in every track in order to the intelligent for existing traffic light controller and through GSM it sends message to the user. In the present,it is seen that lot of time is getting wasted due to fixed time limit which is flexible inlanes with more traff ic density and also it i s problem for emer gency cases like ambulance. Due to wastage of time there may be loss. Now by this project we cansave time of the people by continuously monitoring the vehicles passing on theroad. This monitoring is done thought 24 hours in a timeslot of 15 to 30 s after every time slot.The monitoring task is performed by based on the IR sensors. IR Transmitter is placed over the ambulance. IR Receivers placed in four sides of traffic lights.When the vehicle crosses the target location the receiver receives IR signal it will interrupt the Micro controller and it stop all Green signals and on Red signals at thesame time it will on green signal at the ambulance side to allow the ambulance tomove without waiting in signals. After ambulance gone microcontroller reset andworks in normal function. Also these IR pairs linked to the GSM modem sends amessage to the user about the density of the traffic on respected sides.T i t l e o f t h e p r o j e c t : M i c r o c o n t r o l l e r b a s e d i n t e l l i g e n t a m b u l a n c e traffic controller and Navigation

Introduction This project deals with the control of traffic for an ambulance, it analyses thenumber of vehicles passing in every track in order to the intelligent for existing traffic light controller and sending message to the user. In the present, it is seen thatlot of time is getting wasted due to fixed time limit which is flexible in lanes withmore traffic density and also it is problem for emergency cases like ambulance. Dueto wastage of time there may be loss. Now by this project we can save time of the p e o p l e b y c o n t i n u o u s l y m o n i t o r i n g t h e v e h i c l e s p a s s i n g o n t h e r o a d . T h i s monitoring is done thought 24 hours in a timeslot of 15 to 30 s after every time slot.The monitoring task is performed by based on the IR sensors. IR Transmitter is placed over the ambulance. IR Receivers placed in four sides of traffic lights.When the vehicle crosses the target locat ion the receiver receives IR signal it willinterrupt the Micro controller and it stop all Green signals and on Red signals at thesame time it will on green signal at the ambulance side to allow the ambulance tomove without waiting in signals. After ambulan ce gone microcontroller reset and works in normal function
Block diagram for traffic controller by ambulance

3.2.5 WORKING: The working of the circuit mainly comprises of four sections. They are:1 . P o w e r S u p p l y C i r c u i t 2 . C o n t r o l C i r c u i t 3 . I R T r a n s m i t t e r 4 . I R R e c e i v e r 1. Regulated Power Supply :The power supply circuit comprises of a Transformer, Rectifier,Filter (Smoothing) & Regulator. The Transformer used is a 12v, 1A step-down transformer which is used for reducing the single phase AC supply of 230v to 12v. This is done so because the rectifier which we are using cannot withstand for such high currents and voltages. The Rectifier comprises of four diodes which is called as full wave bridgerectifier. A recti fier is a device, which consists of diodes, is used for converting alternating current into direct current. The filter section comprises of a Capacitor which is used for reducing the harmonics/ripple content present if any in the circuit after rectification process. Thisis done so because the output of rectifier is pulsating DC. A voltage regulator

is an electrical regulator designed to automatically maintain a constant voltage level. 2 . C o n t r o l C i r c u i t : The control circuit comprises of a microcontroller, relay driver and LEDs, max232and GSM. The microcontroller is the heart of the circuit. This takes the inputs and gives the respective output according to the command given to it. The input from the controller comes from IR receiver circuit. According t o theinput the controller activates the relays through relay driver. And hence for theinformation to be given to the person/ambulance is done by making automaticallyON of Lights and sending a message to the respective person about the intensity of traffic through GS The message is sent through GSM via serial communication i.e.;max232. Thisfollows a protocol called as RS232 through which serial communication betweendevices is done. Accordingly as per the intensity of the traffic on respective side , the GSM modem sends a message to the user. When the ambulance is arriving at a signal, the green light is given automatically through the communication between IR transmitter and IR recei ver. When the communication between IR transmitter and receiver is going on then there will be green signal gi ven automatically as the tr ansmitter circuit is connected to the microcontroller. 3 . I R T r a n s m i t t e r : The supply to the transmitter is given through a 9v battery. The transmitter circuit consists of 555 timer and IR transmitter. The IR transmitter continuously transmits the rays. The 555 timer will be astable mode of operation. 4.IR Receiver: The supply to the transmitter is given through a 9v battery. The receiver circuit consists of 555 timer and IR receiver. The IR receiver continuously checks out for the IR transmitter rays. The 555 timer will be monostable mode of operation. When these rays are detected by the IR receiver, then the signal is passedto microcontroller and then the controller makes the necessary action to be taken i.e., it will make green lights ON and leaves the traffic of that particular side where ambulance is present.

Advantages 7272

Resistance to external disturbances such as vibration, infrared radiation, ambient noise, and EMI radiation. Reduce the traffic intensity High signaling control Less affected by target materials and surfaces, and not affected bycolor. Solid-state units have virtually unlimited, maintenance freelife. Can detect small objects over long operating distances.

Reduction in time taken by the user to reach a particular. LIMITATIONS COST BANDWIDTH EFFICIENCY COST COMPLEXITY 7373

Applications Ambulance VIPs vehicl