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Reglas para ejercicio de Reported Speech

Question Forms and Reported Speech


Question Forms and Reported Speech
1. Normal word order is used in reported questions, that is, the subject comes before the verb, and it is not necessary to use 'do' or 'did':

"Where does Peter live?"

She asked him where Peter lived.

2. Yes / no questions: This type of question is reported by using 'ask' + 'if / whether + clause:

"Do you speak English?" "Is it raining?" "Can you type?"

He asked me if I spoke English. He asked me whether I was British or American. He wanted to know whether I had a computer. He enquired whether I had come by train. She asked if I had been to Bristol before.

"Are you British or American?" "Have you got a computer?" "Did you come by train?"

She asked if it was raining. She asked if I could type.

"Have you been to Bristol before?" 3. Question words:

This type of question is reported by using 'ask' (or another verb like 'ask') + question word + clause. The clause contains the question, in normal word order and with the necessary tense change.

"What is your name?" he asked me. "How old is your mother?", he asked.

He asked me what my name was. He asked how old her mother was. The policeman asked the boy

The policman said to the boy, "Where do you live?" where he lived. "What time does the train arrive?" she asked. arrived. "When can we have dinner?" she asked. Peter said to John, "Why are you so late?" Note: See also Summary of Reporting Verbs

She asked what time the train

She asked when they could have dinner. Peter asked the John why he was so late.

Grammar notes: reported speech


Definition Reported speech is often also called indirect speech. When we use reported speech, we are usually talking about the past (because obviously the person who spoke originally spoke in the past). The verbs therefore usually have to be in the past too. For example: "I'm going to the cinema". He said he was going to the cinema.

Estilo indirecto - Reported Speech

El Estilo indirecto o Reported speech es una estructura que se emplea cuando queremos decir o hacer mencin sobre algo que alguien ha dicho previamente. Direct speech
(estilo directo)

Reported speech
(estilo indirecto)

"I always drink coffee". She said.


"Yo siempre bebo caf." Ella dijo.

She said that she always drank coffee.


Ella dijo que ella siempre beba caf.

Para hacer mencin sobre lo que alguien ha dicho usamos verbos como explain, promise, say, tell, suggest... Aunque los ms utilizados son say y tell. No es necesario cambiar el tiempo del verbo si el verbo de la oracin principal est en presente. En el ejemplo anterior podramos decir: She said that she always drink coffee. Para introducir lo que ha dicho, usamos that aunque muchas veces se puede omitir esta palabra. Al convertir una oracin de "Direct Speech" a "Reported Speech" tenemos en cuenta que el verbo principal retrocede un tiempo verbal. Tabla de cambios que sufre el verbo: Direct speech present simple I am happy I sleep present continuos I am feeling happy I am sleeping past simple I was happy I slept present perfect I have been happy I have slept present perfect continuos I have been feeling happy I have been sleeping Reported speech past simple He said he was happy He said he slept past continuos He said he was feeling happy He said he was sleeping past perfect He said he had been happy He said he had slept past perfect He said he had been happy He said he had slept past perfect continuos He said he had been feeling happy

He said he had been sleeping future I will be happy I will sleep simple conditional He said he would be happy He said he would sleep simple conditional future perfect I will have been happy I will have sleep perfect He said he would have been happy He said he would have slept

Verbos modales Direct speech CAN I can sleep MAY I may sleep WILL I will sleep MUST I must sleep Reported speech COULD He said he could sleep MIGHT He said he might sleep WOULD He said he would sleep HAD TO He said he had to sleep

Cambios que pueden sufrir algunas partculas de lugar y tiempo: now tonight today last night this morning this week next week next year here at that moment, then that night that day the night before that morning that week the following week the year after there

Reported Speech: questions

En las oraciones interrogativas usamos el mismo orden gramatical: el sujeto va despus del verbo pero no es necesario usar el auxiliar "do" o "did".
Direct speech Reported speech

"Where do Susan and Ann work? "


"Dnde trabajan Susan y Ann?"

He asked me where Susan and Ann worked.


l me pregunt dnde trabajaban Mary y Tom.