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# Raft Foundation

Number of columns
Size of the columns
Bearing capacity of soil
Area of the base=
Vertical load from all the columns=
Weight of raft and soil over it=

1. Data
ax=
by=
a1=
b1=
fck=
fy=
E=

10.58
11.26
1.470
1.585
20
500
25491174.94

m
m
m (=bfx)
m (=bfy)
N/mm2
N/mm2
kN/m2

## 2. Dimensions of Slabs & Beams

Thickness of slab=
Depth of Ribs based on (span/depth=20)=
Width of Rib=
No. of beams in x-direction=
No. of beams in y-direction=

100 mm
529

500 mm

150 mm
500 mm
6
6

Weight of Slab=
Total weight of slab=
Weight of Ribs=
Total weight of beams (x-direction)=
Total weight of beams (y-direction)=
Total weight of floor finish=

2.40 kN/m2
285.91 kN
1.44 kN/m
91.41
89.51
71.48
372.88

kN
kN
kN
kN

3.13

911.19 kN

7.60 kN/m2

## 4. Analysis by Plate Theory

a) Section Properties
(Df/D)=
(bw/bf)=
Value of consistant, C=
I(=C.bw.D^3)=
D1=
62176.68
D2=
57665.44
For (b/a)=
3.33 k1=
C1=
5049.75
C2=
5049.75

3.59E+09

2a=
2b=
0.270

150.00
500.00
==>> Ref. pp 48, Timoshenko

## b) Deflection on centre of span

q=
7.60 kN/m2
fck=
E=
25491174.94 kN/m2
(Dx/ax^4)=
4.96
(Dy/by^4)=
3.59
(2H/ax^2.by^2)=

x, center=
5.29
y, center=
5.63
2H=
6621.16

0.47

## Deflection at center of span

a=
0.014
Creep coefficient =
2
Modified Molulus of Elasticity, Ece=

8.50E+06

0.042 <span/250=

## c) Design Moments & Shears

For x=
BMx=
BMy=
BMxy=
BMyx=
Qx=
Qy=

4.55

& for y=

8.01

5. Design of Reinforcements

Mu=

0.87fy.Ast.d(1-Ast.fy/b.d.fck)

So, Ast=

840.65 mm2

Provide
i.e.

1030.00 mm2
2-16 dia + 2-20 dia

(Tau)v=
1.064

1.470 m width=

a=
7.40
b=
-195750.00
c=-169785000.00
x1=
27300.65
x2=
-840.65
71.85 kN

OK

Point
x(m)
E
5.29
F
5.29
G
5.29
H
0.00
I
1.62
J
3.09
K
0.00
L
4.55
M
4.55

59.00
48.00
0.00
1.00
-4.11
11.00

## Maximum working moment Mw=

77.00
Moment resisted by central rib in x/y-direction over
Ultimate moment Mu=
169.79
Moment capacity of flange section, Muf=
0.36fck.bf.Df(d-0.42Df)
= 431827200.00
Since Mu <Muf,
NA falls within the flange
Maximum Shear, V=
23.95

0.042

113.19

## Assuming two bars to be bent up near support, Ast at support=

100Ast/b.d=
0.69
For given percent of steel & M20 grade concrete, (Tau)c=
Since (Tau)v
Greater (Tau)c,
==>>Provide shear reinf.
Using 6mm dia, 2-legged stirrup, spacing is given by
Sv=
837.00
Provide 8mm dia 2L stirrup @

800.00 c/c

515.00 mm2
0.53 N/mm2

Timoshenko

Shear Table
y(m) Mx(kNm) My(kNm) Mxy(kNm) Myx(kNm) Qx(kN) Qy(kN)
5.63
77.00
63.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
8.01
61.00
50.00
0.00
0.00
0.00 12.00
11.11
3.00
3.00
0.00
0.00
0.00 19.00
5.63
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00 -23.95
0.00
5.63
36.00
29.00
0.00
0.00 -21.23
0.00
5.63
61.00
50.00
0.00
0.00 -14.56
0.00
8.01
0.00
0.00
2.00
2.00 -18.86
0.00
5.63
75.00
61.00
0.00
0.00
-5.22
0.00
8.01
59.00
48.00
0.00
1.00
-4.11 11.00

All dim in mm
Centroid and Second Moment of Area Calculation:
Height, h=
Height of flange, hf=
Centroidal x=
x'=
Second Moment of Area, I=

1470
500
100
150
122.4638
22.46377

Centroid=
a1=
b1=
A1=
a2=
b2=
A2=

3.59E+09

122.4638
1470
100
147000 x1'=
150 x2'=
400
60000

50
300