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Raft Foundation

Number of columns
Size of the columns
Load from columns
Bearing capacity of soil
Area of the base=
Vertical load from all the columns=
Weight of raft and soil over it=
Total load 'W'=

1. Data
ax=
by=
a1=
b1=
fck=
fy=
E=

10.58
11.26
1.470
1.585
20
500
25491174.94

m
m
m (=bfx)
m (=bfy)
N/mm2
N/mm2
kN/m2

2. Dimensions of Slabs & Beams


Thickness of slab=
Depth of Ribs based on (span/depth=20)=
Width of Rib=
Adopt overall depth of ribs=
No. of beams in x-direction=
No. of beams in y-direction=

100 mm
529

500 mm

150 mm
500 mm
6
6

3. Loads
Weight of Slab=
Total weight of slab=
Weight of Ribs=
Total weight of beams (x-direction)=
Total weight of beams (y-direction)=
Total weight of floor finish=
Total Live Load=

2.40 kN/m2
285.91 kN
1.44 kN/m
91.41
89.51
71.48
372.88

kN
kN
kN
kN

Therefore, Total Load (live+dead) on grid floor=


Load per m2=

Live load=

3.13

911.19 kN

7.60 kN/m2

4. Analysis by Plate Theory


a) Section Properties
(Df/D)=
(bw/bf)=
Value of consistant, C=
I(=C.bw.D^3)=
D1=
62176.68
D2=
57665.44
For (b/a)=
3.33 k1=
C1=
5049.75
C2=
5049.75

3.59E+09

2a=
2b=
0.270

150.00
500.00
==>> Ref. pp 48, Timoshenko

b) Deflection on centre of span


q=
7.60 kN/m2
fck=
E=
25491174.94 kN/m2
(Dx/ax^4)=
4.96
(Dy/by^4)=
3.59
(2H/ax^2.by^2)=

Center of span coordinate:


x, center=
5.29
y, center=
5.63
2H=
6621.16

0.47

Deflection at center of span


a=
0.014
Creep coefficient =
2
Modified Molulus of Elasticity, Ece=

8.50E+06

Therefore, long term deflection=

0.042 <span/250=

c) Design Moments & Shears


For x=
BMx=
BMy=
BMxy=
BMyx=
Qx=
Qy=

4.55

& for y=

8.01

5. Design of Reinforcements

Mu=

0.87fy.Ast.d(1-Ast.fy/b.d.fck)

So, Ast=

840.65 mm2

Provide
i.e.

1030.00 mm2
2-16 dia + 2-20 dia

Maximum ultimate shear=


(Tau)v=
1.064

1.470 m width=

For quadratic purpose only,


a=
7.40
b=
-195750.00
c=-169785000.00
x1=
27300.65
x2=
-840.65
71.85 kN

OK

Moment & Shear Table


Point
x(m)
E
5.29
F
5.29
G
5.29
H
0.00
I
1.62
J
3.09
K
0.00
L
4.55
M
4.55

59.00
48.00
0.00
1.00
-4.11
11.00

Maximum working moment Mw=


77.00
Moment resisted by central rib in x/y-direction over
Ultimate moment Mu=
169.79
Moment capacity of flange section, Muf=
0.36fck.bf.Df(d-0.42Df)
= 431827200.00
Since Mu <Muf,
NA falls within the flange
Maximum Shear, V=
23.95

0.042

113.19

Assuming two bars to be bent up near support, Ast at support=


100Ast/b.d=
0.69
For given percent of steel & M20 grade concrete, (Tau)c=
Since (Tau)v
Greater (Tau)c,
==>>Provide shear reinf.
Using 6mm dia, 2-legged stirrup, spacing is given by
Sv=
837.00
Provide 8mm dia 2L stirrup @

800.00 c/c
Adopt 250mm c/c

515.00 mm2
0.53 N/mm2

Timoshenko

Shear Table
y(m) Mx(kNm) My(kNm) Mxy(kNm) Myx(kNm) Qx(kN) Qy(kN)
5.63
77.00
63.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
8.01
61.00
50.00
0.00
0.00
0.00 12.00
11.11
3.00
3.00
0.00
0.00
0.00 19.00
5.63
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00 -23.95
0.00
5.63
36.00
29.00
0.00
0.00 -21.23
0.00
5.63
61.00
50.00
0.00
0.00 -14.56
0.00
8.01
0.00
0.00
2.00
2.00 -18.86
0.00
5.63
75.00
61.00
0.00
0.00
-5.22
0.00
8.01
59.00
48.00
0.00
1.00
-4.11 11.00

All dim in mm
Centroid and Second Moment of Area Calculation:
Breadth of flange, b=
Height, h=
Height of flange, hf=
Breadth of the web, bw=
Centroidal x=
x'=
Second Moment of Area, I=

1470
500
100
150
122.4638
22.46377

(Tee Section only)


Centroid=
a1=
b1=
A1=
a2=
b2=
A2=

3.59E+09

122.4638
1470
100
147000 x1'=
150 x2'=
400
60000

50
300