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PRIMARY WATER QUALITY CRITERIA FOR CLASS SW-I WATERS (For Salt pans, Shell fishing, Mariculture and

Ecologically Sensitive Zone) Sl.No. 1. Parameter pH range Rationale/ Remarks General broad range, conducive for propagation of aquatic lives, is given. Value largely dependant upon soil-water interaction. Dissolved 5.0mgl/I or 60 percent Not less than 3.5mg/I at any time of the Oxygen saturation value, year for protection of aquatice lives whichever is higher Colour and No noticeable colour Specially caused by chemical Odour or offensive odour. compounds like creosols, phenols, naphtha, pyridine, benzene, toluene etc., causing, invisible coloration of salt crystal and tainting of fish flesh. Floating Nothing obnoxious or Surfactants should not exceed an upper Matters detrimental for use limit of 1.0mg/I and the concentration purpose not to cause any visible form. Suspended None from sewage or Settleable inner matters not in such Solids industrial waste origin concentration that would impair any usages specially as signed to this class. Oil and Grease 0.1mg/I Concentration should not exceed (including 0.1mg/I as because it has effect on fish 0.1mg/I eggs and larvae. Petroleum Products) Heavy Metals: 0.001 mg/I Values depend on : Mercury (as 1. Concentration in salt, fish Hg) Cadmium 0.001 mg/I and shell fish (as Cd) 2. Average per capita Lead as (Pb) 0.001 mg/I consumption per day 3. Minimum ingestion rate that induces symptoms of resulting diseases. Standards 6.5-8.5

2. 3.

4. 5. 6.

7.

Note. SW-I is desirable to be safe and relatively free from hazardous chemicals like pesticides, heavy metals and radionuclide concentrations. Their combined (synergistic or antagonistic) effects onhealth and aquatic lives are not yet clearly known. These chemicals undergo bioaccumulation magnification and transfer to human and other animals though food chain. In areas where fisheries, salt pans are the governing considerations, and presence of such chemicals apprehended/reported bioassay test should be performed following appropriate methods for the purpose of setting case-specific limits.

PRIMARY WATER QUALITY CRITERIA FOR CLASSSW-II WATERS (For Bathing, Contact Water Sports and Commercial Fishing) Sl.No. 1 2. 3. Parameter pH range Rationale/ Remarks Range does not cause skin or eye irritation and is also conductive for aquatic lives. Dissolved 4.0mg/I of 50% Not less than 3.5mg/I at any time for Oxygen saturation value protection of aquatic lives. whichever is higher Colour and No noticeable colour Specially caused by chemical compound Odour or offensive odour like creosols phenols, naphtha, benzene pyridine, toluene etc. causing visible colouration of water and tainting of and odour in fish flesh. Floating Nothing obnoxious or None in concentration that would usages Matters detrimental for use specially assigned to this class purpose Turbidity 30NTU (Nephelo Measured at 0.9depth Turbidity) Fecal Cliform 100/100 ml (MPN) The average value not exceeding 200/100 ml in 20 percent of samples in the year and in 3 consecutive samples in monsoon months. Biochemical 3mg/I (aesthetic quality of water) Oxygen Also prescribed by IS:2296-1974. Demand (BOD) (3 days at 27C) Standards 6.5-8.5

4. 5. 6.

7.

PRIMARY WATER QUALITY CRITIERIA FOR CLASS SW-III WATERS (For Industrial Cooling, Recreation (non-contact) and Aesthetics) Sl.No. 1 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Parameter pH range Rationale/ Remarks The range is conducive for propagation of aquatic species and restoring natural system. Dissolved 3.0mg/I of 50% To protect aquatic lives Oxygen saturation value whichever is higher Colour and No noticeable colour None in such concentration that would Odour or offensive odour impair usages specifically assigned to this class. Floating No visible, obnoxious As in (3) above. Matters floating debris, oil slick, scum. Fecal Coliform 100/100 ml (MPN) Not exceeding 1000/100 ml in 20% of samples in the year and in 3 consecutive samples in monsoon months. Turbidity 30NTU Reasonably clear water for Recreation. Aesthetic appreciation and Industrial cooling purpose. Dissolved Iron 0.5mg/I or less It is desirable to have the collective (as Fe) concentration of dissolved Fe an Mn less or equal to 0.5mg/I to avoid scaling effect. Standards 6.5-8.5

PRIMARY WATER QUALITY CRITIERIA FOR CLASS SW-III WATERS (For Harbour Waters) Sl.No. 1 2. 3. 4. Parameter pH range Dissolved Oxygen Standards 6.5-9.5 Rationale/ Remarks To minimize corrosive and scaling effect 3.0mg/I of 50% Considering bio-degradation of oil and saturation value inhibition to oxygen production through whichever is higher photosynthesis. No visible colour or None from reactive chemicals which offensive odour may corrode paints/ metallic surface 10mg/I Floating matter should be free from excessive living organisms which may clog or coat operative parts of marine vessels / equipment Not exceeding 1000/100 ml in 20% of samples in the year and in 3 consecutive samples in monsoon months. To maintain water relatively free from pollution caused by sewage and other decomposable wastes.

5. 6.

Colour and Odour Floating Materials, Oil grease, and scum (including Petroleum products) Fecal Coliform 500/100 ml (MPN) Biochemical 5mg/I Oxygen Demand (3days at 27C)

PRIMARY WATER QUALITY CRITIERIA FOR CLASS SW-III WATERS (For Industrial Cooling, Recreation (non-contact) and Aesthetics) Sl.No. 1 2. 3. Parameter pH range Dissolved Oxygen Colour Odour and Standards 6.5-9 Rationale/ Remarks As specified by New England interstate Water Pollution Control Commission 3.0mg/I of 40% To protect aquatic lives saturation value whichever is higher None in such As in (1) above concentration that would impair any usages specifically assigned to this class Non except for such As in (1) above. small amount that may result from discharge of appropriately treated sewage and / or industrial waste effluents 500/100 ml (MPN) Not exceeding 1000/100 ml in 20% of samples in the year and in 3 consecutive samples in monsoon months.

4.

Sludge deposits, Solid refuse floating solids, oil, grease & scum

5.

Fecal Coliform

Quality Criteria of Drinking Water Prescribed by Indian Standards Institution and Indian Council of Medical Research Prescribed by ISI (IS:10500-1989) Prescribed by ICMR Standards of Bacterioloogical Quality i) Water in Distribution System a) Throughout year, 95% of samples should not contain any coliform organisms in 100 ml. b) No sample should contain E. Coil in 100 ml. c) No sample should contain more than 10 coilform organisms per 100 ml; and d) Coilform organisms should not be detectable in 100 ml. of any two consecutive samples. ii) Unpiped water supplies Where it is impracticable to supply water to consumers through a piped distribution network and where untreated sources, such as wells, boreholes and springs which may not be naturally pure, have to be used, the requirements for piped supplies may not be attainable. In such circumstances disinfection is most desirable and considerable reliance has to be placed on sanitary inspection and not exclusively on the results of bacteriological examination. C. Standards of Physical & Chemical Quality Sl. No. Substance Characteristic or Prescribed by Prescribed by ISI ICMR Requirement Highest (Desirable Desirable Level Limit) Max. Permissible level (3) (4) Hazen 10 5 units Unobjectionable Unobjectionable 10 NTU 500 6.5 to 8.5 300 75 30 Unobjectionable Unobjectionable 5JTU 500 7.0 to 8.5 300 75 Not more than 50 mg/I, if there are 200 mg/I sulfates; if there is less sulfate, magnesium upto 100 mg/I, may Maximum Permissible level

(1) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

(2) Colour, Units Odour Agreeable Turbidity Dissolved solids, mg/l pH value Total hardness (as CaCO3), mg/l Calcium (as Ca), mg/l Magnesium (as Mg), mg/l

(5) 25 units Unobjectionable Unobjectionable 25 JTU 1500* 6.5 to 9.2 600 200

10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27.

28. 29. 30. 31.

Copper (as Cu), mg/l Iron (as Fe), mg/1 Manganese(as Mn),mg/1 Chlorides (as Cl), mg/l Sulfate (as SO4), mg/l Nitrate (as NO3), mg/l Fluride (as F), mg/I Phenolic Compounds (as C6H5OH),mg/I Mercury (as Hg),mg/l. Cadmium(as Cd),mg/l Selenium (as Se),mg/l Arsenic (as As),mg/l Cyanide(as CN), mg/l. Lead (as Pb),mg/1. Zinc (as Zn), mg/l Anionic detergents (as MBAS), mg/l Chromium (as Cr6+), mg/1 Polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons(as PAH), mg/1 Mineral oil, mg/1 ResiduaL free Chlorine, mg/1.Min. Pesticides Radio-active materials:

0.05 0.3 0.1 250 150 45 0.6 to 1.2 0.001 0.001 0.01 0.01 0.05 0.05 0.10 5 0.2 0.05 -

be allowed at the rate of 1 mg/Img. for every 4 mg/I decrease in sulfates 0.05 1.5 0.1 0.1 200 200 20 1.0*** 0.001 ----------1.0 0.5 1000 400 ** 1.5 0.002 0.001 0.01 0.01 0.05 0.05 0.10 -----

0.01 0.2 Absent

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a) Alpha emitters 10-8 uc**** per ml, Max. b) Beta emitters uc 10-7 per ml, Max

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3 pci/l***** 30 pci/1

*Dissolved solids relaxable upto 3000 mg/1 in case where alternate sources are not available within reach. ** More information is required to prescribe a value but in no circumstances should the level exceed 100 mg NO3 *** The presence of fluoride in drinking water in excess of 1.0 mg/1. gives rise to dental fluorosis (mottling of varying degrees of severity in children. When present in high concentrations, fluorides may eventually cause endemic cumulative fluorosis with resultant skeletal damage in children and adults **** uc micro Curie ***** pCi Picocurie- unit of radio-active disintegration, also known as micro microcuric equivalent to disintegrations per second