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# Code: 9A02603

B. Tech III Year II Semester (R09) Regular & Supplementary Examinations, April/May 2013 POWER SYSTEM OPERATION & CONTROL (Electrical & Electronics Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 70 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks ***** 1 2 Explain the -iterative technique used to solve economic load dispatch problem. Two units of a thermal station have each the following cost characteristics C = 5500 + 450 P + 0.5 P2 Rs/hr. Due to an instrumentation error the cost characteristics of first unit is in error by +2% and that of the second unit by -2% at the time of scheduling. Find the extra operating cost due to erroneous scheduling. Total load is 200 MW. Describe the types of hydro thermal co-ordination. Obtain the derivation of small signal transfer function of speed governing system. Explain the operation of two major control loops ALFC and AVR with the help of a neat block diagram. Draw the complete block diagram of the LFC of an isolated power system with proportional plus integral controlees. Explain about each block. List out different reactive power compensation devices. Explain briefly about them. Explain why compensator is connected at load end than at generator end in a radial transmission line. Explain the motivation for the restructuring power system. *****

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Code: 9A02603

B. Tech III Year II Semester (R09) Regular & Supplementary Examinations, April/May 2013 POWER SYSTEM OPERATION & CONTROL (Electrical & Electronics Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 70 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks ***** 1 Draw the flow chart for obtaining optimal scheduling of generating units by neglecting the transmission losses What are the B-coefficients? Derive them. Explain briefly about: (a) Long term co-ordination. (b) Short term co-ordination. Draw the schematic diagram of a speed-governing system and explain the function of its components. Distinguish between load frequency control and economic dispatch control. Explain the dynamic response of ALFC loop with first order approximation. Explain how the proportional controller in load frequency control forms primary loop. Explain how reset of frequency control is achieved in Load frequency control. Differentiate between series and shunt compensations with proper examples. Explain the models of electricity markets. What is the role of transmission expansion in deregulated market? *****

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Code: 9A02603

B. Tech III Year II Semester (R09) Regular & Supplementary Examinations, April/May 2013 POWER SYSTEM OPERATION & CONTROL (Electrical & Electronics Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 70 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks ***** 1 Explain in detail the following for the power system network : (i) Control variables. (ii) Disturbance variables. (iii) State variables. Draw flow chart for optimum operation of a power system with n plants when losses are considered. Explain Kirchmayers method. Derive transfer function model of speed governing system. Derive the expression for steady state frequency change in a two control area system. For a two area load frequency control with proportional plus integral controller, derive the expression for steady values of change in frequency and tie line power for simultaneously applied unit step load disturbances in the two areas. Explain the need of voltage control in power systems. How it is achieved? Explain the technical issues related to embedded generation in deregulated power market. *****

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Code: 9A02603