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Voyage Plan or Passage Plan is intended to make the Bridge Management Team to

be well informed about the intended voyage of the vessel, including its contingency plans in the event of an emergency. The Voyage Plan is from berth to berth and must be updated in case there are any changes made from the original plan. The Captain is the overall responsible for the proper, safe approval of the plan and may delegate a responsible officer who will create it. As we all know, Voyage Planning is normally delegated to the Navigating Officer of the ship. A Voyage Plan contains the following: Appraisal - is confirming that youre intended Voyage Plan is safe. This can be achieved through consultation of relevant publication that will be used in your Voyage Plan. It includes: Information Gathering Maneuvering characteristics of your ship and its limitations (e.g. draft, air draft) The voyage charts and publications that will be used must be the latest and updated Voyage charts to be used must be the largest scale available The use of tide tables, tide atlases, and current tables Traffic routing schemes and reporting system must be included and be followed diligently Weather information must be considered Port guides and procedures is also included

Planning - In the planning stage, the actual voyage plan is executed. The charts must be neatly and well prepared giving due regard to safety and contingencies in the event of an emergency. It includes: Plotting the courses in the chart (True Course) Safe passing distance off land, dangerous areas, giving due regard to safe speed Alteration point or wheel over position Methods of fixing position and the position frequency Parallel index line must be marked in the chart Contingency plans, contingency anchorage, etc., as necessary

Execution - is the actual implementation of the planned voyage of the ship as per voyage plan. It involves: The accurate prediction of high and low tides, their flows, including the time Weather or Meteorological information must be obtained Calculation of ETA The traffic density at certain locations of the Voyage Plan should be considered.

Monitoring - in this stage the vessels progress is constantly checked and if there are any necessary changes to the planned route, it must be changed prior to arrival at port and be documented regarding the reason for the change of route. The Bridge Management Team must be well informed about it. It also includes: Latest weather or meteorological information Cross checking of fixing positions and methods Regular checking of navigational equipments during your four hour watch. ETA update Mandatory reporting procedures must be followed diligently Information given by AIS must be confirmed to be correct and updated.

All of this are to be included in your Voyage plan form and to be signed by the Bridge Management Team. list the nautical publication required for passage planning. 1) voyage charts 2) Sailing direction. 3) A T T. 4) A L R S. 5) A L L. 6) Routing charts. 7) Ocean Current atlas. 8) Tidal stream Atlas. 9) Accumulative list of correction. 10) Annual summary of admiralty notice to mariner. 11) Mariners guidance note. 12) Mariners information note. 13) Merchant shipping notice 14) I M O routing guide 15) Ocean passage of the world. 16) Mariners hand book. 17) Weekly Notices to mariner. 18) Nautical almanac. 19) Chart catalogue. 20) International code of signal. 21) Instruction and operating manual. 22) Distance table. 23) Symbols and abbreviation 5011. 24) Local passage planning charts ( e.g. chart 5500 ) 25) Ice charts. 26) Climatological Atlases. list the content of nautical publication required for passage planning. Voyage charts:1) Charts NO. with prefix (B A British Admiralty ) 2) Charts scale. 3) Charts edition. 4) Depth of sea bottom at datum height. 5) Land feature. 6) I M O Adopted T S S. 7) Area covered by charts (i.e. bottom margin and top margin in lat and long.) Sailing direction: - these are published in 72 volumes covering the whole ocean area. 1) General information and local knowledge of the area 2) Port facilities. 3) Navigational hazards regarding port entry. 4) System of buoyage. 5) Coast line views and chart information Admiralty tide table:Tide table 1) Daily prediction for the time and height of high water and low water. 2) Selection of standard ports.

3) Correction to standard ports information enabling daily prediction for secondary ports. 4) Graphs enabling an estimation of tide height at time in between high water and low water. 5) Also include some tidal stream prediction. NOS NIMA IHO/Foreign NIMA Charts flow Established (mandatory) direction of traffic Recommended direction of traffic flow Separation line

Separation zone restricted area Maritime limit in general Precautionary area NOS/NIMA

Limit of

IHO/Foreign NIMA Charts

Maritime limit in general, usually

implying permanent obstructions Maritime limit in general, usually implying NO permanent obstructions

Limit of restricted area

(Screen optional)

Limit of prohibited area (no unauthorized entry) NOS NIMA Anchorage (large vessels) Anchorage (small vessels) Anchor berths Anchor berths (swinging circle may be shown) Anchorage area in general Numbered anchorage area Named anchorage area Deep Water Anchorage area, Anchorage area for Deep Draft Vessels Tanker anchorage area IHO Foreign NIMA Charts

Anchorage for periods up to 24 hours Explosives anchorage area Quarantine anchorage area Reserved anchorage Note: Anchors as part of the limit symbol are not shown for small areas. Other types of anchorage areas may be shown. Sea-plane landing area Anchorage for seaplanes NOS NIMA IHO Foreign NIMA Charts Major light, minor light, lighthouse Lighted offshore platform

Lighted beacon tower

Lighted beacon Articulated light; Buoyant beacon, resilient beacon

Light vessel, Lightship, Normally manned light-vessel

Unmanned light-vessel, light float LANBY, superbuoy as navigational aid NOS NIMA IHO of Buoys and Beacon Topmarks Position of buoy Green and black Single colors other than green and black horizontal bands. The color sequence is from top to bottom. Multiple colors in vertical or diagonal stripes. The darker color is given first. Note: Retroreflecting material may be fitted to some unit marks. Charts do not usually show it. Under IALA Recommendations, black bands Multiple colors in Colors

will appear blue under a spotlight.

Lighted Marks

Lighted

marks on standard charts. Lighted marks on multicolored charts. Topmarks and

Radar Reflectors

IALA System buoy topmarks (beacon

topmarks shown upright)

Beacon with topmark, color, radar reflector and designation

Buoy with topmark, color, radar reflector and designation marks are usually not charted. Note: Radar reflectors on floating