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Adjectivul
Adjectivul nehotarat in engleza este adjectivul care insoteste substantivul fara sa individualizeze obiectul denumit de acesta. Exemple de adjective nehotarate in engleza:
There are some books on the table. Sunt niste carti pe masa.

Adjectivul demonstrativ in limba engleza, ca si in limba romana arata departarea sau apropierea unui obiect. Exemple de adjective demonstrative in engleza: this apple (acest mar) that apple (acel mar) these apple (aceste mere) those apple (acele mere) Adjectivele calificative in engleza (ca si in limba romana) sunt adjective care descriu proprietati ale obiectelor ce pot avea grade, nivele, intensitati ale acelei proprietati. Exemple de adjective calificative in engleza:
- big (mare) - little (mic) - dry (uscat) - activ (activ) - good (bun) - green (verde) - yellow (galben)

Adjectivele posesive in engleza, ca si in limba romana de altfel, sunt cele care arata posesia; arata cui apartine obiect (al meu, al tau, etc ...). Exemple de adjective posesive in engleza:
my house (casa mea) your house (casa ta, casa voastra) his house (casa lui) her house (casa ei) its house (casa lui, ei -> pentru lucruri, animale, lucruri abstracte) our house (casa noastra) our houses (casele noastre) your houses (casele voastre) their house (casa lor) their houses (casele lor)

Adjectivele calificative in engleza


Adjectivele calificative in engleza (ca si in limba romana) sunt adjective care descriu proprietati ale obiectelor ce pot avea grade, nivele, intensitati ale acelei proprietati. Exemple de adjective calificative:
- big (mare) - little (mic)

- dry (uscat) - activ (activ) - good (bun) - green (verde) - yellow (galben)

Practic, adjectivele calificative trebuiesc invatate ca orice cuvant (nou). E foarte important de stiut adjectivele. Faptul ca sunt calificative sau nu e important mai mult pentru scoala. Link-uri utile pentru invatarea adjectivului calificativ in engleza: Irregular Adjectives Adjectivul in limba engleza Exercitii cu adjectivul calitativ

Exercitii
Completati cu adjectivele calitative potrivite propozitiile urmatoare. Link teorie: Adjectivul Calitativ - gramatica
Exemplu:
Hydrologists also issued code Thursday.
yellow

(galben)

yellow

warning for heavy rains until

John is a

(bun)

good

student.
nice

Today is a

(frumoasa)
hard

day.

TOEFL is a Tourists often buy

(greu)

exam.
tax-free

(fara taxa)

products at airports.

That's not a

(vreme rea)

bad w eather

for me, I like snow.


good

This just shows that I have been a

(bun)

Adjectivele posesive in engleza


Adjectivele posesive in engleza, ca si in limba romana de altfel, sunt cele care arata posesia; arata cui apartine obiect (al meu, al tau, etc ...). Exemple de adjective posesive:
my house (casa mea) your house (casa ta, casa voastra) his house (casa lui) her house (casa ei) its house (casa lui, ei -> pentru lucruri, animale, lucruri abstracte)

our house (casa noastra) our houses (casele noastre) your houses (casele voastre) their house (casa lor) their houses (casele lor)

Corespondenta pronumelor posesive cu adjectivele posesive:


Persoana Pronumele posesiv Adjectivul posesiv

1st singular

mine

my

2nd

yours

your

3rd (female)

hers

her

3rd (male)

his

his

3rd (neuter)

its

its

1st plural

ours

our

3rd plural

theirs

their

EXERCITII
Traduceti urmatoarele expresii (ce folosesc adjective posesive) din romana in engleza. cainele meu creionul meu casa noastra masina ta opinia ta opinia ei opinia lui parerea lor parerile lor masina mea palaria mea my dog my pen our house your car your opinion her opinion his opinion their opinion their opinions my car my hat

Completati cu adjectivele posesive potrivite propozitiile urmatoare.


Exemplu: Could I get
your

(a ta)

your her

your book ?

Maria is looking for Luke is looking for The man looks for The man looks for Welcome to They are
my

(a sa) (a sa)

sister. sister.

his

(ale sale) (a sa) (a nostra)


his

his

keys. key. home. mother and (a mea)

our

(a mea)

my

friend. (al meu)


My

name is Lynne.
your

What is (al ei)

(al tau)
Her

phone number? father is here.

Adjectivul demonstrativ in engleza


Cum se identifica
Adjectivul demonstrativ are numai 4 forme:
singular closer farther this (acesta/ aceasta) that (acela/ aceea) plural these (acestia/ acestea) those (aceia/ acelea)

Adjectivul demonstrativ arat deprtarea sau apropierea unui obiect.

Exemple this house (aceasta casa) that house (acea casa) these houses (aceste case) those houses (acele casa)

EXERCITII
Completati cu adjectivele demonstrative potrivite propozitiile urmatoare: Exemplu:

(Acea)

That

That

car is very expensive. house is very nice. house is very nice. houses are very nice. houses are very nice.
this

(Aceasta) (Acea) (Aceste) (Acele)


I don't know (acest) I don't know (acel) I don't know (acesti) I don't know (acei) You can take (acest) You can take (acel)

This

That

These

Those

boy. boy. boys. boys. train to go there. train to go there.

that

these

those

this

that

Adjectivul nehotarat
Cum se identifica
Adjectivul nehotarat este adjectivul care nsoeste substantivul fr s individualizeze obiectul denumit de acesta.

Exemple
There are some Canadians here. We need some water. How much do we need ? There are a few doctors in town. We need some paper. How much do we need ? How many cigarettes do you smoke a day ? I have enough knowledge to do it.

Comentarii
Cele mai intalnite adjective nehotarate sunt :
Some ("ceva, cativa, cateva", in propozitie afirmativa)/ Any ("ceva, cativa, cateva", in propozitie negativa si interogativa) Much ("mult, multa", pentru substantive care nu se pot numara)/ Many ("multe, multi", pentru substantive care se pot numara)

A lot of ("o multime de") /lots of ("multimi de")

Little ("putin, putine", pentru substantive care nu se pot numara) /Few ("putin, putine", pentru substantive care se pot numara)

Enough ("destul, destule, etc") Plenty of ("o multime de") No (pentru negarea existentei)

Exemple in care se folosesc adjectivele nehotarate in engleza:


There are some books on the table.- Sunt niste carti pe masa. How much milk did you buy ?-Cat lapte ai cumparat? There are a few pupils in the garden.- Sunt cativa elevi in gradina. How many pencils do you have?- Cate creioane ai?

EXERCITII

Traduceti urmatoarele expresii sau propozitii (folosind adjectivele nehotarate) din romana in engleza : cativa oameni some people

cativa romani some Romanians multe tigari many cigarettes multe case many houses Nu sunt carti pe masa. There are no books on the table. putine carti a few books multimi de oameni lots of people o multime de oameni a lot of people (Remarca: "a lot of" si "lots of" semnifica practic acelasi lucru) Dorim niste ceai. (...) Cit doresti ? We need some tea. How much do we need ? De cate ori sa-ti zic ? How many times must I tell you? Cati americani stii, cunosti ? How many Americans do you know?

Completati cu adjectivele nehotarate potrivite propozitiile urmatoare.


There is There are Do you have (cate) (cata) (un pic de) (cativa)
some

water on the floor. Canadians in the room. apples ? cigarettes do you smoke a day ? English grammar do you know ?

some

(cateva)
How many

any

How much much

They have (multi) money in their account. ("They have a lot of money in their account" poate fi folosit, "a lot of" poate inlocui atat "much", cat si "many"). I have I have There is (putin) (destui)
little

sugar in the house. money to buy a car. time to see a movie now.

enough

(nu e timp)

no

Comparatia adjectivelor calitative


In limba engleza, ca de altfel in oricare limba, exista 3 grade de comparatie: - gradul pozitiv - gradul comparativ - gradul superlativ A - Comparatia cu -er, -est 1) adjectivele monosilabice (formate dintr-o silaba) clean new cheap cleaner newer cheaper cleanest newest cheapest

2) adjectivele plurisilabice (formate din mai multe silabe) a) adjectivele format din 2 silabe terminate in y:
dirty easy happy pretty dirtier easier happier prettier dirtiest easiest happiest prettiest

b) adjectivele format din 2 silabe terminate in -er clever cleverer cleverest c) adjectivele format din 2 silabe terminate in -le simple simpler simplest d) adjectivele format din 2 silabe terminate in -ow narrow narrower narrowest

B - Comparatia adjectivelor facuta cu more - most (pentru majoritatea adjectivelor formate din mai mult de 2 silabe) Exemplu: difficult - more difficult - (the) most difficult C - Adjectivele neregulate
good bad much many little little better worse more more less smaller best worst most most least smallest

D - Adjective speciale Unele adjective pot avea 2 forme cand formeaza gradele de comparatie:
common likely pleasant polite simple stupid subtle sure commoner / more common likelier / more likely pleasanter / more pleasant politer / more polite simpler / more simple stupider / more stupid subtler / more subtle surer / more sure commonest / most common likeliest / most likely pleasantest / most pleasant politest / most polite simplest / most simple stupidest / most stupid subtlest surest / most sure

Raport de inferioritate
Cum se formeaza
Raportul de inferioritare in limba engleza se formeaza folosind constructiile: NOT SO/AS+ adj. + AS + subst./ pronume LESS + adj. +THAN + subst./ pronume

( mai putin (de) ... decat .... )

THE LEAST + adj. -> se traduce prin cea/ cel mai putin ...

Exemple
It is less cold than it might look.

E mai putin rece decat pare.

She said it was colder there but less windy than Kansas.

Ea a spus ca vremea a fost mai rece acolo, dar a batut mai putin vantul decat in Kansas.
Chinese is the least easy language.

Chineza e cea mai putin usoara limba.


Residents say this street is the least noisy in the town. Locuitorii acestei strazi spun ca strada e cea mai putin zgomotoasa in oras. My homework is not as easy as yours. Tema mea nu e la fel de usoara ca a ta. This lesson is less interesting than the previous one. Acest curs e mai putin interesant decat cursul anterior.

Realizati raportul de inferioritate in propozitiile de mai jos.


The hard disk is It is
less noisy than

Hard disk-urile sunt mai putin zgomotoase cum obisnuiau sa fie.


less noisy than

it used to be.

E mai putin zgomotos decat pare.


The inflation Sea level is
the least high in

it looks. in this year. predicted. the book.

Inflatia e cea mai putin inalta (=redusa) din acest an.


less high than

Nivelul marii este mai putin inalt decat s-a prezis.


The movie is
less interesting than

Filmul este mai putin interesant decat cartea.

Raport de egalitate & inegaliate


Cum se formeaza
Raportul de egalitate in limba engleza se formeaza folosind constructia: ... as/so ... as ...

(... asa de/ la fel de ... ca/cum ...)

Raportul de inegalitate in limba engleza se formeaza folosind constructia: ... not as/so ... as ...

(... nu asa de/ nu la fel de ... ca/cum ...) Nota: Aceste moduri de comparatie se numesc si "regulate" deoarece o regula se foloseste in formarea comparatiei.

Exemple
It is not so cold as it might look.

Nu e chiar asa de rece cum ar parea.


She said it was colder there but not so windy as Kansas.

Ea a spus ca vremea a fost mai rece acolo, dar nu asa de vantoasa ca in Kansas.
Learning Chinese is as difficultas you think.

Invatatul Chinezei e chiar asa de dificil cum crezi.


Residents say this street is as noisy as it was in the war time. Locuitorii acestei strazi spun ca strada este asa de galagioasa cum a fost in timpul razboiului.

Exercitii
Realizati raportul de egalitate & inferioritate in propozitiile de mai jos. The hard disk is It is
not as noisy as

Hard disk-urile nu mai sunt asa de zgomotoase cum obisnuiau sa fie.


not as easy as

it used to be.

Nu e asa de simplu cum pare.


The inflation is
not as high as

it looks. my professor thinks. predicted.

Inflatia nu e asa de inalta cum crede profesorul meu.


Sea level may rise twice The movie is The movie is
as high as

Nivelul marii ar putea creste de 2 ori fata de nivelul prezis.


as interesting as

Filmul este la fel de interesant ca si cartea.


not as interesting as

the book. the book.

Filmul nu este la fel de interesant ca si cartea.

Raport de superioritate
Cum se formeaza
Pentru adjective monosilabice comparatia se face prin adaugarea de sufixe: big -> bigger -> the biggest (Nota: consoana "g" se dubleaza deoarece are o vocala in fata) (mare -> mai mare -> cel mai mare) tall -> taller -> the tallest (inalt -> mai inalt -> cel mai inalt) Pentru adjective ce au 3 sau mai multe silabe comparatia se face cu "more" si "the most": important -> more important -> the most important (important -> mai important -> cel mai important) Pentru adjective ce au 2 silabe terminate in ED, "more" si "the most": famous -> more famous -> the most famous
ING, RE, FUL, OUS

comparatia se face cu

(faimos -> mai faimos -> cel mai faimos) Pentru adjective ce au 2 silabe terminate in ER, adaugarea de sufixe: simple -> simpler -> the simplest (simplu -> mai simplu -> cel mai simplu)

Y, LE, OW

comparatia se face prin

Comentariu: Adjective ca cheerful, common, cruel, pleasant, quiet formeaza comparativul de superioritate cu ajutorul lui "more" si "the most"

Exercitii
Adjectiv big Comparativ de superioritate Superlativ

Completati spatiile libere cu forma corespunzatoare a adjectivelor in raportul de superioritate:

bigger

the biggest

small

smaller

the smallest

right

more right

the most right

real

more real

the most real

wrong

more w rong

the most w rong

difficult

more difficult

the most difficult

obscure

more obscure

the most obscure

pretty

prettier

the prettiest

simple

simpler

the simplest

large

larger

the largest

good

better (irregular)

the best (irregular)

warm

w armer

the w armest

big

bigger

the biggest

brilliant

more brilliant

the most brilliant

Comparatia neregulata
Cum se identifica
Trebuie cunoscuta forma de comparativ si superlativ a adjectivelor. Iata mai jos lista celor mai cunoscute adjectivelor cu comparatia neregulata:
Adjectiv Comparativ (mai ) better Superlativ (cel mai ) the best

good (=bun) well (=sanatos) bad (=rau) ill (=bolnav) far (=departe; pt. distanta metaforica, nefizica) far (=departe; pt. distanta fizica) old (=in virsta; in familie) old (=vechi, batran; la modul general ) many (=multi, numeric) much (mult, cantitativ) little (=putin, cantitativ)

worse

the worst

further

the furthest

farther

the farthest

elder

the eldest

older

the oldest

more

the most

less

the least

Exemple
This is the best way to fix that problem. (Aceasta este cea mai buna modalitate de a rezolva acea problema) This is a better way to fix this problem. (Aceasta este o mai buna modalitate de a rezolva acea problema) This is the worst thing that could happen. (Acesta este cel mai rau lucru care se poate intampla)

Comentarii
Pentru a vedea greselile cele mai frecvente privind folosirea lui good si a lui well Pentru a vedea greselile cele mai frecvente privind folosirea lui bad si a lui badly

Pentru a vedea greselile cele mai frecvente privind folosirea lui farther si a lui further Pentru a vedea greselile cele mai frecvente privind folosirea lui littlest si a lui least

Exercitii Completati cu forma corecta a adjectivelor in propozitiile de mai jos.


She is still in hospital, but she is
better

than she was last

week.
(Ea e inca in spital, dar ea e mai bine decat saptamana trecuta.) Tom is my (Tom este fratele meu mai in varsta.)
elder

brother. than my teacher.

Your friend is
better

older

(Prietenul tau este mai in varsta decat profesorul meu.) This is a way to manage your personal finances. (Asta e o mai buna modalitate de a-ti administra finantele personale.) What's (Care e cea mai buna solutie de rezolvare ?) Which volcano has killed (Care vulcan a omorat cei mai multi oameni ?) Which country has (Care tara are cel mai putin numeros popor ?)
the least the best

fix ? people ? people ?

the most

EXERCITII
Traduceti urmatoarele propozitii sau expresii din romana in engleza (folosind gradele de comparatie ale adjectivelor in engleza) :
Masina mea e mai mare decat a voastra. My car is bigger than yours. Cine e cel mai bogat barbat de pe pamant ? Who is the richest man on earth ? Nu e asa de simplu cum pare. It is not as easy as it looks. Care e cel mai periculos animal de pe planeta ? Which is the most dangerous animal in the world ? Acea floare este mai frumoasa decat cealalta floare. That flower is more beautiful than the other one. Oamenii spun ca chineza este mai dificila de invatat decat Engleza. People say that Chinese is more difficult to learn than English. Un ocean este mai mare decat o mare. An ocean is larger than a sea. Acest exercitiu nu e dificil. El e mai usor decat m-am asteptat. This exercise is not difficult. It's easier than I expected. Tu trebuie sa fii mai inteligent decit pari.

You must be more clever than you look !