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Subsea Control Systems

Subsea Control Systems

Reliable operation, combined with accurate control and monitoring of subsea installations, is essential to ensure the highest production availability while providing safe and environmentally friendly field operations. FMCs Subsea Control Systems are designed to meet the harshest subsea challenges and to provide flexibility, expandability and upgradeability throughout the life of the field.

Production Control System

The production control system consists of topside controls, power equipment, Subsea Control Modules (SCM) and sensors as well as subsea electrical and hydraulic distribution equipment.

Topside Control System

FMCs Topside Control Systems incorporate design innovations to adjust to the changing demands of todays subsea environment. Topside Control System components provided by FMC include: Master Control Station (MCS) Subsea Power and Communication Unit (SPCU)  Hydraulic Power Unit (HPU)  Topside Termination Umbilical Assembly (TUTA)
  Subsea Controls Safety Functionality, Daily Operation, System Housekeeping and Production Optimization

FMC Subsea Control Systems are adaptable and configurable to operate the simplest on/off controls up to highly sophisticated controls required for operating subsea process and emerging Gas Compression Units. FMCs control systems are modular with various configurations which have been proven indispensable to life of field upgrades that are required as field conditions change. FMCs focus on product standardization and extensive qualification programs ensures the highest individual components and system performance. This also helps optimize supply chain management and project delivery requirements. Data monitoring and high speed communication support remote production monitoring and optimization.

Main features

Configurable with field proven standard building blocks Compatible with environmental conditions from tropic to artic locations Backwards compatible with previous generations Open interfaces, e. g. Ethernet, IWIS and CanBus High speed electrical communication up to 56.6 kbps on powerline Fiberoptic communication up to 1 Gbps Electric and fiberoptic communication beyond 250 km without repeaters Compatible with telecom repeater systems for even longer distances Compatible with safety system requirements, e. g. IEC 61508 SIL levels 13 Configurable for HIPPS application Qualified HP/HT capabilities Suitable for various field layouts ranging from single satellite wells to large multi-well developments

The MCS and SPCU are a two of the key components that make up the topside control equipment. This equipment offers various hardware and software options to meet the customers immediate needs while providing for future expansion options as required.

Standardized hardware and software Easy incorporation of control system expandability Modular designs Simplified maintenance Easy to configure Multiple configurations Backwards compatible



Topside components

Template solutions with alternative satelite tie-ins

Plattform Network


Xmas Tree

Emergency Shutdown Signal Hydraulic Power Unit (HPU) Uninteruptible Power Supply (UPS) UTH Accumulator Skid Step-out Alternatives Master Control Station (MCS) MUX

Subsea Power and Communication Unit (SPCU) Umbilical Chemical Injection Unit (CIU) Hydraulic/Chemical Junction Box or Test Panel Electrical/Optical Junction Box Topside Umbilical Termination Unit (TUTA) Split Box

Manifold SCM/ HIPPS SCM UTH Bend Restrictor


Umbilical Termination Head (UTH) Subsea Control Module (SCM) Bouyancy Subsea Router Module (SRM) for long distance communication Electrical Jumpers Xmas Tree

Xmas Tree

Hydraulic/Chemical Jumper Umbilical Termination Assembly (UTA)

Dynamic Umbilical Subsea Distribution Unit (SDU) Cobra Head

Static Umbilical


Weak Link/Splicing Kit/Transition Joint

The Statoil Tordis Subsea Separation System

Umbilical and distribution

Steel Flying Lead

Cluster and satelite solutions

Subsea Control Module

The main component of the tree mounted control system is the Subsea Control Module (SCM). The SCM contains electronics, instrumentation, and hydraulics for safe and efficient operation of subsea tree valves, chokes, and downhole valves. Other tree mounted equipment includes various sensors, electrical and hydraulic connectors. Over 1,000 subsea wells are controlled using FMCs tree mounted control systems with an uptime rate of 99 100% for most systems. The technology today controls wells at distances up to 120 km, and in water depths of 3,000 m/10,000 ft with 15k reservoir pressure rating.

Hydraulic distribution Unit for 5 wells

Interface to subsea X-mas tree

Subsea Control Modules

Subsea Distribution System

FMCs Subsea Distribution Systems consist of a group of products providing communication from subsea controls to topside. These products are developed based on field proven technology and years of experience. A few of these products are:

FMCs standard SCMs are available in various sizes and functionality. The MK II is capable of controlling up to 24 valve functions, the MK III is capable of controlling up to 46 functions, and the MK IV is available for smaller applications for controlling up to 6 functions. Mk II and Mk III SCMs are equipped with redundant hydraulic and electric supplies and electronics. All common standard industry interfaces are supported. The electronics features backwards compatibility and higher communication speeds over longer distances while offering full redundancy and open interface standards such as Ethernet, internet, TCP/IP, as well as fiber optic communications up to 1 Gbps.

Steel Flying Leads (SFL) Cobra heads for the SFL Multi Quick Connect Plates (MQC) Electrical Flying Leads (EFL) Umbilical Termination Heads (UTH) Deployment Equipment for all the above Hydraulic couplers Various Subsea Sensors
MK-|| Inboard and Outboard MQCs Subsea Control Module and Base

FMC has extensive experience in optimization and supply of production control umbilicals.

Processing Control System

FMCs Subsea Processing Control Systems represent a set of subsea building blocks that will simplify field operations and improve and increase field production rates. The Subsea Processing Control system is based on FMCs standard product line, with enhanced features such as remote diagnostics and support.

Installation & Workover Control System

The Installation and Workover Control System (IWOCS) controls and monitors installation, retrieval and deployment of subsea production equipment. Riserless Light Well Intervention (RLWI) from monohull vessels and Through Tubing Rotary Drilling (TTRD) operations are also controlled by means of FMC's IWOCS systems.

Main functions and features:

Tordis Subsea Separation System with the protection structure removed for clarity

All Electric Control System

All Electric Control Systems are an attractive addition and an alternative to existing Electro Hydraulic systems. Benefits include:

Monitors and controls installation and retrieval of tubing hangers, landing strings, subsea trees and associated sub systems  Provide facilities for down hole operations, well testing and production testing  Standardized equipment with flexibility to be adapted to field and customer requirements  Available as direct or electro hydraulic systems


The latest generation Control System for Riserless Light Well Intervention has been developed to optimize HSE aspect and operational efficiency. The system features:

Zero control fluid discharge Reduced Umbilical costs Deep water capability Very long offset capability Fast and accurate operational response

FMCs field proven electric subsea technology utilizes standard lowpower/ voltage umbilical and connector technology. Rechargeable subsea batteries power valve and actuator operations. FMCs all electric subsea electric controls reduce the cost of topside power generation and subsea umbilicals. Configurable electric hydraulic systems are available to upgrade existing hydraulic systems already in operation.

     Installation of manifold actuators RLWI System

Improved working environment with optimized HMI. Online support from shore No hydraulic fluid release to sea Umbilical reduced to ROV-type cable only, improving operational efficiency, weather window and reliability Distributed controls with open standard interfaces Depth independent response time Qualified for water depths down to 3000m Acoustic back up communication and subsea UPS batteries Safe autonomous mode in case of communication loss

Advanced Software Solutions

Advanced software solutions in the domains of Flow Management and Condition & Performance Monitoring make use of the vase amount of information from both subsea production systems and topside systems. This ensures the production system provides optimal production, which results in increased oil recovery, maximizing return on investment.

FMCs Global Locations

Provide advanced Control System service and support from our main and satellite facilities around the world. Provide certified local support bases for Subsea controls are in Luanda, Kongsberg, Houston, Rio, Aberdeen and Singapore.

SCM MMR Level 1 Mr. John Doe
Has demonstrated the following required skills for SCM Modication, Maintenance and Repair Level 1: Performance of hydraulic cleanliness in all operations. Good HSE performance related to hydraulic pressures, high voltage, lifting and exposure to uids. Recording and reporting of non-conformances, recording of traceability. Describing important SCM functions, SCM design elements that may be replaced, ability to read SCM and SCM test stand hydraulic and electric schematics. Performance in analysis of hydraulic uid cleanliness. Use of computer SCM test software, basic practical work in SCM mechanics, hydraulics and electronics. Correct use of silicon uid lling equipment and use of accumulator nitrogen lling equipment. Kongsberg 20.04.2007

Bjarne Hystad

Knut H. Joachimsen
Training Coordinator Subsea Control System

Sophisticated algorithms and knowledgebased systems, utilizing monitoring sensors, instrumentation, chokes, valves, and other components allows for predictive equipment maintenance. This significantly reduces both maintenance costs and production system downtime. Pressures, temperatures, flow rates etc. are used to determine settings for optimal production and to monitor the overall production parameters in real-time to avoid issues related to hydrates, erosion, water breakthrough etc.

Department Manager Subsea Control System

Major Manufacturing Facilities Customer Support Centers

Data to information

Kristiansund Stavanger Aberdeen Dunfermline St. Johns Kongsberg Bergen


San Fernando

Abidjan Port Harcourt Malabo Luanda

Nusajaya Singapore Jakarta

The FMC Control System plays a pivotal role in acquiring, managing and providing the information that enables subsea production system performance to be enhanced and for operators to actively pursue IO activities.

Rio de Janeiro Maca


FMC Technologies April 2008 3D illustrations by Industriell Dokumentasjon print by Prinfo Vanberg

FMC Technologies 1777 Gears Road Houston TX 77067 USA Phone: +1 281 591 4000

FMC Technologies P.O.Box 1012 NO-3601 Kongsberg NORWAY Phone: +47 3228 6700