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Sprinter@ ADSL W422G (3.0)---------- U ser’s Manual User’s Manual Sprinter@ ADSL2+ WiFi ROUTER W422G (3.0)

Sprinter@ ADSL W422G (3.0)---------- User’s Manual

User’s Manual

ADSL W422G (3.0)---------- U ser’s Manual User’s Manual Sprinter@ ADSL2+ WiFi ROUTER W422G (3.0) Version 1.0

Sprinter@ ADSL2+ WiFi ROUTER

W422G(3.0)

Version 1.0 en

1

Contents 1 Introduction   5 2 System Overview 5 2.1 Specifications 5   2.1.1 ADSL

Contents

1 Introduction

 

5

2 System Overview

5

2.1

Specifications

5

 

2.1.1 ADSL Standard

5

2.1.2 Wireless Features

5

2.1.3 Software Features

6

2.1.4 Management

6

3 Hardware Installation

7

3.1 Hardware Requirements

7

3.2 Hardware Setup Procedures

7

4 Software Configuration

8

4.1 LAN Configuration

10

4.2 Wireless Configuration

11

 

4.2.1

Basic Setting

11

4.2.2

Advanced Settings

12

4.2.3

Security

15

4.2.4

Access Control

16

4.2.5

WDS

18

4.2.6

WPS

19

4.3 WAN Configuration

21

 

4.3.1

Channel Configuration

21

4.3.2

ATM Setting

24

4.3.3

ADSL Setting

25

4.4 Services Configuration

27

 

4.4.1

DHCP Mode

27

4.4.2

DHCP Server Configuration

27

4.4.3

DHCP Relay Configuration

28

4.4.4

DNS Configuration

29

4.4.4.1 DNS Server

29

4.4.4.2 Dynamic DNS

30

4.4.5

Firewall Configuration

33

4.4.5.1 IP/Port Filtering

33

4.4.5.2 MAC Filtering

35

4.4.5.3 Port Forwarding

37

4.4.5.4 DMZ

38

4.4.5.5 URL Blocking

39

  4.4.5.6 Domain blocking 41 4.4.6 IGMP Proxy Conf iguration 43 4.4.7 UPnP Config uration
 

4.4.5.6

Domain blocking

41

4.4.6

IGMP Proxy Configuration

43

4.4.7

UPnP Configuration

45

4.4.8

RIP Configuration

46

4.5 Advance Configuration

47

 

4.5.1

Bridging

47

4.5.2

Routing

48

4.5.3

SNMP Configuration

51

4.5.4

Port Mapping

52

4.5.5

IP QoS

54

4.5.6

Remote Access

55

4.6 Diagnostic

56

 

4.6.1

Ping

56

4.6.2

ATM Loopback

57

4.6.3

ADSL

58

4.6.4

Diagnostic Test

59

4.7 Admin

60

 

4.7.1

Commit/Reboot

60

4.7.2

Backup/Restore

61

4.7.3

System Log

63

4.7.4

Password

63

4.7.5

Upgrade Firmware

64

4.7.6

ACL

65

4.7.7

Time Zone

66

4.7.8

TR-069 Config

67

4.8 Statistics

69

 

4.8.1

Interfaces

69

4.8.2

ADSL

69

5

Channel Mode Configuration

71

5.1 Bridge Mode

 

71

5.2 MER(Mac Encapsulating Routing) Mode

72

5.3 PPPoE Mode

 

73

5.4 PPPoA Mode

74

5.5 1483 Routed Mode

75

Appendices

 

76

Appendix A: Protocol Stacks

76

 

5.5.1 A.1 1483 Bridged Model

76

5.5.2 A.2 1483 MER Model

77

5.5.3 A.3 PPPoE Model 78 5.5.4 A.4 PPPoA Model 79 5.5.5 A.5 1483 Rout ed

5.5.3 A.3 PPPoE Model

78

5.5.4 A.4

PPPoA Model

79

5.5.5 A.5 1483 Routed Model

80

Appendix B: Mapping PVCs to VLANs

80

1 Introduction W422G (3.0) is a high-speed ADSL2+ Ethernet/Wireless r outer that is specifically designed

1 Introduction

W422G(3.0) is a high-speed ADSL2+ Ethernet/Wireless router that is specifically designed to connect to the Internet and to directly connect to your local area network (LAN) via high-speed 10/100 Mbps Ethernet, or wireless LAN (WLAN). The ADSL2+ modem is compatible with the latest ADSL standards, including ADSL2 and ADSL2+, and supports up to 24 Mbps downstream and 1.5 Mbps upstream to deliver true broadband speed and throughput. The DSL router supports wireless 802.11b/g and the following security protocols: WEP, WPA, WPA2, and 802.1x. To ensure fully compatibility, the DSL device was tested with all major DSLAMs, and support standard 10/100 Mbps Base-T Ethernet interface Auto MDI/MDIx 10/100 Switch function allowing user easily to link to PC or other Switches/Hubs. The DSL device is an idea solution for multi-users utilizing build-in channel mode (PPPoE/A, IPoA, IPoE), IP routing, NAT functionalities sharing the ADSL link. The DSL device is also a perfect solution for the residential users, it supports the users with bridge mode in host based PPPoE Client.

2 System Overview

2.1 Specifications

2.1.1

ADSL Standard

ITU-T G.992.1(G.dmt)

ANSI T1.413 Issue 2

G.992.2 (G.lite)

G.994.1 (G.hs)

Auto-negotiating rate adaptation

ADSL2 G.dmt.bis (G.992.3)

ADSL2 G.lite.bis (G.992.4)

ADSL2+ (G.992.5)

2.1.2

Wireless Features

Compilant with IEEE 802.11 B/G

Up to 54 Mbps wireless operation rate

64/128 bits WEP for security

WPA support

ACL (MAC address Filtering)

2.1.3 Software Features RFC-1483/2684 LLC/VC-Mux bridged/routed mode RFC-1577 Classical IP over ATM

2.1.3

Software Features

RFC-1483/2684 LLC/VC-Mux bridged/routed mode

RFC-1577 Classical IP over ATM

RFC-2516 PPPoE

RFC-2364 PPPoA

ITU-T 1.610 F4/F5 OAM send and receive loop-back

802.1d Spanning-Tree Protocol

DHCP Client/Server/Relay

NAT

RIP v1/v2

DNS Relay Agent

DMZ support

IGMP Proxy/Snooping

Stateful Packet Inspection

Protection against Denial of Service attacks

IP Packet Filtering

QoS

Dynamic DNS

UPnP support

2.1.4

Management

Web-based Configuration

Menu-driven Command-line Interpreter

Telnet Remote Management

SNMP v1/v2/Trap

Firmware upgrade through FTP, TFTP and HTTP

Configuration backup/restore

Diagnostic Tool

3 Hardware Installation 3.1 Hardware Requirements A RTL867x demo board with RTL8185 WLAN card 12V

3 Hardware Installation

3.1

Hardware Requirements

A RTL867x demo board with RTL8185 WLAN card

12V DC power

RJ-45 Ethernet cable

RJ-11 ADSL line

COM Port cable (Optional)

3.2

Hardware Setup Procedures

1. Connect RJ-11 line from RTL867x to DSLAM.

2. Connect RJ-45 line from your PC to RTL867x Ethernet port.

3. Connect PC COM port to RTL867x COM port if you have COM port cable. You can monitor the status of system and input control commands from PC’s HyperTerminal.

4. Connect the 12V DC power.

4 Software Configuration The W422G(3.0) is an ADSL2+ wireless rout er. When you power on

4 Software Configuration

The W422G(3.0) is an ADSL2+ wireless router. When you power on the device, the system will boot up and connect to ADSL automatically. The system provides a PVC for bridge test by default. The default configurations for the system are listed below.

LAN IP address: 192.168.1.1, NetMask:255.255.255.0

UART setting: 115200bps, 8 bits, no parity, 1 stop bit, no flow control.

VPI/VCI for ATM: 5/35.

ADSL Line mode: Auto-detect.

User can change settings via WEB browser. The following sections describe the set up procedures. Please set your PC’s Ethernet port as follow:

IP address: 192.168.1.XXX

NetMask:255.255.255.0 Access the Web Console:

Start your web browser.

Type the Ethernet IP address of the modem/router on the address bar of the browser. Default IP address is 192.168.1.1.

The Enter Network Password dialog box appears. Type the user name and password and then click OK. Once you have connected to ADSL2+ router. You will see the status page.

This page displays the ADSL m odem/router’s current status and settings. This information is read-only
This page displays the ADSL m odem/router’s current status and settings. This information is read-only

This page displays the ADSL modem/router’s current status and settings. This information is read-only except for the PPPoE/PPPoA channel for which user can connect/disconnect the channel on demand. Click the “Refresh” button to update the status Function buttons in this page:

Connect / Disonnect The two buttons take effect only when PVC is configured as PPPoE/PPPoA mode. Click Connect/Disconnect button to connect/disconnect the PPP dial up link.

.

4.1 LAN Configuration This page shows the current setting of LAN interface. You can set

4.1 LAN Configuration

This page shows the current setting of LAN interface. You can set IP address, subnet mask, and IGMP Snooping for LAN interface in this page.

mask, and IGMP Snooping for LAN interface in this page. Fields in this page: Field Description

Fields in this page:

Field

Description

IP Address

The IP address your LAN hosts use to identify the device’s LAN port.

Subnet Mask

LAN subnet mask.

IGMP Snooping

Enable/disable the IGMP snooping function for the multiple bridged LAN ports.

Function buttons in this page:

Apply Changes Click to save the setting to the configuration. New parameters will take effect after save into flash memory and reboot the system. See section “Admin” for save details. Undo Discard your changes.

4.2 Wireless Configuration This section provides the wirel ess network settings for your WLAN interface.

4.2 Wireless Configuration

This section provides the wireless network settings for your WLAN interface. The wireless interface enables the wireless AP function for ADSL modem.

4.2.1 Basic Setting

This page contains all of the wireless basic settings. Most users will be able to configure the wireless portion and get it working properly using the setting on this screen.

get it working pr operly using the setting on this screen. Fields in this page: Field

Fields in this page:

Field

Description

Disable Wireless LAN Interface

Check it to disable the wireless function for ADSL modem.

Band

Select the appropriate band from the list provided to correspond with your network setting.

Mode

The selections are: AP or AP+WDS.

SSID

The Service Set Identifier (SSID) or network name. It is case sensitive and must not exceed 32 characters, which may be any keyboard character. The mobile wireless stations shall select the same SSID to be able to communicate with your ADSL

  modem (or AP). Channel Number Select the appropriate channel from the list provided to
 

modem (or AP).

Channel Number

Select the appropriate channel from the list provided to correspond with your network settings. You shall assign a different channel for each AP to avoid signal interference.

Radio Power (mW)

The maximum output power: 15mW, 30mW or 60mW.

Function buttons in this page:

Associated Clients Click it will show the clients currently associated with the ADSL modem. Apply Changes Change the settings. New parameters will take effect after save into flash memory and reboot the system. See section “Admin” for save details. Reset Discard your changes and reload all settings from flash memory.

4.2.2 Advanced Settings

This page allows advanced users who have sufficient knowledge of wireless LAN. These setting shall not be changed unless you know exactly what will happen for the changes you made on your DSL device.

Fields in this page: Field Description Authentication Type Open System: Open System authentication is not
Fields in this page: Field Description Authentication Type Open System: Open System authentication is not

Fields in this page:

Field

Description

Authentication Type

Open System: Open System authentication is not required to be successful while a client may decline to authenticate with any particular other client. Shared Key: Shared Key is only available if the WEP option is implemented. Shared Key authentication supports authentication of clients as either a member of those who know a shared secret key or a member of those who do not. IEEE 802.11 Shared Key authentication accomplishes this without the need to transmit the secret key in clear. Requiring the use of the WEP privacy mechanism. Auto: Auto is the default authentication algorithm. It will change its authentication type automatically to fulfill client’s requirement.

Fragment Threshold

This value should remain at its default setting of 2346. It specifies the maximum size for a packet before data is fragmented into multiple packets. If you experience a high packet error rate, you may slightly increases the “Fragment Threshold” value within the value range of 256 to 2346. Setting this value too low may result in poor network performance. Only minor modifications of this value are recommended.

RTS Threshold

This value should remain at its default setting of 2347. Should you encounter

  inconsistent data flow, only minor modi fications are recommended. If a network packet is
 

inconsistent data flow, only minor modifications are recommended. If a network

packet is smaller than the preset “RTS threshold” size, the RTS/CTS mechanism will not be enabled. The ADSL modem (or AP) sends Request to Send (RTS) frames to

a

particular receiving station and negotiates the sending of a data frame. After

receiving an RTS, the wireless station responds with a Clear to Send (CTS) frame to

acknowledge the right to begin transmission.

Beacon Interval

The Beacon Interval value indicates the frequency interval of the beacon. Enter a value between 20 and 1024. A beacon is a packet broadcast by the ADSL modem (or AP) to synchronize the wireless network. The default is 100.

Data Rate

The rate of data transmission should be set depending on the speed of your wireless network. You should select from a range of transmission speeds, or you can select Auto to have the ADSL modem (or AP) automatically use the fastest possible data

rate and enable the Auto-Fallback feature. Auto-Fallback will negotiate the best possible connection speed between the AP and a wireless client. The default setting

is

Auto.

Preamble Type

The Preamble Type defines the length of the CRC (Cyclic Redundancy Check) block for communication between the AP and mobile wireless stations. Make sure to select the appropriate preamble type. Note that high network traffic areas should use the short preamble type. CRC is a common technique for detecting data transmission errors.

Broadcast SSID

If

this option is enabled, the device will automatically transmit their network name

(SSID) into open air at regular interval. This feature is intended to allow clients to dynamically discover and roam between WLANs; if this option is disabled, the device will hide its SSID. When this is done, the station cannot directly discover its WLAN and MUST be configure with the SSID. Note that in a home Wi-Fi network, roaming

is

largely unnecessary and the SSID broadcast feature serves no useful purpose.

You should disable this feature to improve the security of your WLAN.

Relay Blocking

When Relay Blocking is enabled, wireless clients will not be able to directly access other wireless clients.

Ethernet to Wireless Blocking

When enabled, traffic between Ethernet and wireless interfaces are not allowed.

Function buttons in this page:

Apply Changes Change the settings. New parameters will take effect after save into flash memory and reboot the system. See section “Admin” for save details. Reset

Discard your changes and reload all settings from flash memory. 4.2.3 Security This screen allows

Discard your changes and reload all settings from flash memory.

4.2.3 Security

This screen allows you to setup the wireless security. Turn on WEP or WPA by using encryption keys could prevent any unauthorized access to your WLAN.

keys could prevent any unauthorized access to your WLAN. Fields in this page: Field Description Encryption

Fields in this page:

Field

Description

Encryption

There are 4 types of security to be selected. To secure your WLAN, it’s strongly recommended to enable this feature. WEP: Make sure that all wireless devices on your network are using the same encryption level and key. Click Set WEP Key button to set the encryption key.

WPA (TKIP): WPA uses Temporal Key Integrity Protocol (TKIP) for data encryption. TKIP utilized a stronger encryption method and incorporates Message Integrity Code (MIC) to provide protection against hackers.

WPA2 (AES):

WPA2, also known as 802.11i, uses Advanced Encryption Standard

(AES) for data encryption. AES utilized a symmetric 128-bit block data encryption.

WAP2 Mixed: The AP supports WPA (TKIP) and WPA2 (AES) for data encryption. The actual selection of the encryption methods will depend on the clients.

Use 802.1x Check it to enable 802.1x authentication. This option is selectable only when the

Use 802.1x

Check it to enable 802.1x authentication. This option is selectable only when the “Encryption” is choose to either None or WEP. If the “Encryption” is WEP, you need to further select the WEP key length to be either WEP 64bits or WEP 128bits.

Authentication

WPA Authentication Mode

There are 2 types of authentication mode for WPA. WPA-RADIUS: WPA RADIUS uses an external RADIUS server to perform user authentication. To use WPA RADIUS, enter the IP address of the RADIUS server, the RADIUS port (default is 1812) and the shared secret from the RADIUS server. Please refer to “Authentication RADIUS Server” setting below for RADIUS setting. The WPA algorithm is selected between TKIP and AES, please refer to “WPA cipher Suite” below. Pre-Shared Key: Pre-Shared Key authentication is based on a shared secret that is known only by the parties involved. To us e WPA Pre-Shared Key, select key format and enter a password in the “Pre-Shared Key Format” and “Pre-Shared Key” setting respectively. Please refer to “Pre-Shared Key Format” and “Pre-Shared Key” setting below.

Pre-Shared Key

PassPhrase: Select this to enter the Pre-Shared Key secret as user-friendly textual secret. Hex (64 characters): Select this to enter the Pre-Shared Key secret as hexadecimal secret.

Format

Pre-Shared Key

Specify the shared secret used by this Pre-Shared Key. If the “Pre-Shared Key

Format” is specified as PassPhrase, then it indicates a passphrase of 8 to 63 bytes long; or if the “Pre-Shared Key Format” is specified as PassPhrase, then it indicates

a

64-hexadecimal number.

Authentication RADIUS Server

the WPA-RADIUS is selected at “WPA Authentication Mode”, the port (default is 1812), IP address and password of external RADIUS server are specified here.

If

Function buttons in this page:

Apply Changes Change the settings. New parameters will take effect after save into flash memory and reboot the system. See section “Admin” for save details.

4.2.4 Access Control

This page allows administrator to have access control by enter MAC address of client stations. When Enable this function, MAC address can be added into access control list and only those clients whose wireless MAC address are in the access control list will be able to connect to your DSL device (or AP).

Fields in this page: Field Description Wireless Access The Selections are: Control Mode Disable Disable
Fields in this page: Field Description Wireless Access The Selections are: Control Mode Disable Disable

Fields in this page:

Field

Description

Wireless Access

The Selections are:

Control Mode

Disable Disable the wireless ACL feature. Allow Listed When this option is selected, no wireless clients except those whose MAC addresses are in the current access control list will be able to connect (to this device). Deny Listed When this option is selected, all wireless clients except those whose MAC addresses are in the current access control list will be able to connect (to this device).

MAC Address

Enter client MAC address and press “Apply Changes” button to add client MAC address into current access control list.

Function buttons for the setting block:

Apply Changes

Click to add this entry into the Current Access Control List . The Current Access

Click to add this entry into the Current Access Control List. The Current Access Control List lists the client MAC addresses. Any wireless client with its MAC address listed in this access control list will be able to connect to the device. You can select the entries at the Select column and apply to the following function buttons.

Function buttons for the Current Access Control List:

Delete Selected Delete the selected entries from the list. Delete All Flush the list.

4.2.5 WDS

Wireless Distribution System (WDS) is a system that interconnects BSS to build a premise wide network. The DSL device supports the WDS protocol, which allows a point to point link to be established between two APs. Only if you select AP+WDS mode on the Basic Settings page, this WDS page can be configured.

AP+WDS mode on the Basic Settings page, this WDS page can be configured. Fields in this

Fields in this page:

Field

Description

Enable WDS Check to enable the WDS function. Add WDS AP This is where you

Enable WDS

Check to enable the WDS function.

Add WDS AP

This is where you enter the MAC address of the peer AP’s wireless interface that you are connecting to.

Function buttons for this setting block:

Apply Changes Click to add this entry into the Current WDS AP List. The Current WDS AP List lists the peer MAC addresses of the WDS link. Any AP with its MAC address listed in this WDS AP list may have a WDS link to the device. You can select the entries at the Select column and apply to the following function buttons. Function buttons for the Current WDS AP List:

Delete Selected Delete the selected entries from the list. Delete All Flush the list.

4.2.6 WPS

Although home Wi-Fi networks have become more and more popular, users still have trouble with the initial set up of network. This obstacle forces users to use the open security and increases the risk of eavesdropping. Therefore, The Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS) is designed to ease set up of security-enabled Wi-Fi networks and subsequently network management (Wi-Fi Protected Setup Specification 1.0h.pdf, p. 8). The largest difference between WPS-enabled devices and legacy devices is that users do not need the knowledge about SSID, channel and security settings, but they could still surf in a security-enabled Wi-Fi network. This device supports Push Button method and PIN method for WPS. The following sub-paragraphs will describe the function of each item. The webpage is as below.

Fields in this page: Field Description Disable WPS Check to disable the Wi-Fi protected Setup.
Fields in this page: Field Description Disable WPS Check to disable the Wi-Fi protected Setup.

Fields in this page:

Field

Description

Disable WPS

Check to disable the Wi-Fi protected Setup.

WPS Status

When AP’s settings are factory default (out of box), it is set to open security and un-configured state. “WPS Status” will display it as “UnConfigured”. If it already shows “Configured”, some registrars such as Vista WCN will not configure AP. Users will need to go to the “Backup/Restore” page and click “Reset” to reload factory default settings.

Self-PIN Number

“Self-PIN Number” is AP’s PIN. Whenever users want to change AP’s PIN, they could click “Regenerate PIN” and then click “ Apply Changes”. Moreover, if users want to make their own PIN, they could enter four-digit PIN without checksum and then click “ Apply Changes”. However, this would not be recommended since the registrar side needs to be supported with four-digit PIN.

Push Button

Clicking this button will invoke the PBC method of WPS. It is only used when AP acts as a registrar.

Configuration

Client PIN Number

It is only used when users want their station to join AP’s network. The length of PIN is limited to four or eight numeric digits. If users enter eight-digit PIN with checksum error, there will be a warning message popping up. If users insist on this PIN, AP will take it.

Function buttons in this page:

Regenerate PIN

Click to regenerate the Self-PIN Number. Start PBC Click to start the Push Button method

Click to regenerate the Self-PIN Number. Start PBC Click to start the Push Button method of WPS. Apply Changes Click to commit changes. Reset It restores the original values. Start PIN Click to start the PIN method of WPS.

4.3 WAN Configuration

There are three sub-menu for WAN configuration: [Channel Config], [ATM Settings], and [ADSL Settings].

4.3.1 Channel Configuration

ADSL modem/router comes with 8 ATM Permanent Virtual Channels (PVCs) at the most. There are mainly three operations for each of the PVC channels: add, delete and modify. And there are several channel modes to be selected for each PVC channel. For each of the channel modes, the setting is quite different accordingly. Please reference to the section – Channel Mode Configuration for details.

22
22
22
Function buttons in this page: Add Click Add to complete the channel setup and add

Function buttons in this page:

Add

Click Add to complete the channel setup and add this PVC channel into configuration. Modify Select an existing PVC channel by clicking the radio button at the Select column of the Current ATM VC Table before we can modify the PVC channel. After selecting an PVC channel, we can modify the channel configuration at this page. Click Modify to complete the channel modification and apply to the configuration. Delete Select an existing PVC channel to be deleted by clicking the radio button at the Select column of the Current ATM VC Table. Click Delete to delete this PVC channel from configuration.

Auto PVC Search The overall operation of the auto-sensing PVC feature relies on end-to-end OAM pings or packet discovery to defined PVCs. There are two kinds of PVCs: customer default PVCs which are defined by the OEM/ISP and the backup PVCs. The backup list of PVCs is of the following VPI/VCI: 0/35, 8/35, 0/43, 0/51, 0/59, 8/43, 8/51, and 8/59. We can add/delete VPI/VCI into the backup list. By clicking “Apply” button, the auto-search mechanism can be enabled.

During connection establishment, the PVC module will first search the first customer default PVC. If the first default PVC is found, the PVC module will stop this search. If not found, the backup PVC list is used. If a PVC is found, the PVC module will update the particular PVC as the first default PVC. If no PVC is found again, the module will let the end-user know that no available VCC was found.

With the connection established, the PVC is stored in flash as the connection default PVC. Therefore upon reboot, this PVC is automatically chosen as the PVC for that connection.

4.3.2 ATM Setting The page is for ATM PVC QoS parameters se tting. The DSL

4.3.2 ATM Setting

The page is for ATM PVC QoS parameters setting. The DSL device support 4 QoS mode —CBR/rt-VBR/nrt-VBR/UBR.

DSL device support 4 QoS mode —CBR/rt-VBR/nrt-VBR/UBR. Fields in this page: Field Description VPI Virtual

Fields in this page:

Field

Description

VPI

Virtual Path Identifier. This is read-only field and is selected on the Select column in the Current ATM VC Table.

VCI

Virtual Channel Identifier. This is read-only field and is selected on the Select column in the Current ATM VC Table. The VCI, together with VPI, is used to identify the next destination of a cell as it passes through to the ATM switch.

QoS

Quality of Server, a characteristic of data transmission that measures how accurately and how quickly a message or data is transferred from a source host to a destination host over a network. The four QoS options are:

UBR (Unspecified Bit Rate): When UBR is selected, the SCR and MBS fields are disabled.

CBR (Constant Bit Rate): When CBR is selected, the SCR and MBS fields are disabled.

nrt-VBR (non-real-time Variable Bit Rate): When nrt-VBR is

selected, the SCR and MBS fields are enabled. − rt-VBR (real-time Variable Bit Rate): When

selected, the SCR and MBS fields are enabled.

rt-VBR (real-time Variable Bit Rate): When rt-VBR is selected, the SCR and MBS fields are enabled.

PCR

Peak Cell Rate, measured in cells/sec., is the cell rate which the source may never exceed.

SCR

Sustained Cell Rate, measured in cells/sec., is the average cell rate over the duration of the connection.

MBS

Maximum Burst Size, a traffic parameter that specifies the maximum number of cells that can be transmitted at the peak cell rate.

Function buttons in this page:

Apply Changes Set new PVC OoS mode for the selected PVC. New parameters will take effect after save into flash memory and reboot the system. See section “Admin” for save details. Undo Discard your settings.

4.3.3 ADSL Setting

The ADSL setting page allows you to select any combination of DSL training modes.

Fields in this page: Field Description ADSL modulation Choose prefered xdsl standard protocols. G.lite :
Fields in this page: Field Description ADSL modulation Choose prefered xdsl standard protocols. G.lite :

Fields in this page:

Field

Description

ADSL modulation

Choose prefered xdsl standard protocols. G.lite : G.992.2 Annex A G.dmt : G.992.1 Annex A T1.413 : T1.413 issue #2 ADSL2 : G.992.3 Annex A ADSL2+ : G.992.5 Annex A

AnnexL Option

Enable/Disable ADSL2/ADSL2+ Annex L capability.

AnnexM Option

Enable/Disable ADSL2/ADSL2+ Annex M capability.

ADSL Capability

“Bitswap Enable” : Enable/Disable bitswap capability. “SRA Enable” : Enable/Disable SRA (seamless rate adaptation) capability.

Function buttons in this page:

Tone Mask Choose tones to be masked. Mased tones will not carry any data.

Apply Changes Click to save the setting to the conf iguration and the modem will

Apply Changes Click to save the setting to the configuration and the modem will be retrained.

4.4 Services Configuration

4.4.1 DHCP Mode

You can configure your network and DSL device to use the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP). This page provides DHCP instructions for implementing it on your network by selecting the role of DHCP protocol that this device wants to play. There are two different DHCP roles that this device can act as: DHCP Serve and DHCP Relay. When acting as DHCP server, you can setup the server parameters at the DHCP Server page; while acting as DHCP Relay, you can setup the relay at the DHCP Relay page.

Relay, you can setup the relay at the DHCP Relay page. 4.4.2 DHCP Server Configuration By

4.4.2 DHCP Server Configuration

By default, the device is configured as a DHCP server, with a predefined IP address pool of 192.168.1.64 through 192.168.1.253 (subnet mask 255.255.255.0).

Field Description IP Pool Range Specify the lowest and highest addresses in the pool. Max
Field Description IP Pool Range Specify the lowest and highest addresses in the pool. Max

Field

Description

IP Pool Range

Specify the lowest and highest addresses in the pool.

Max Lease Time

The Lease Time is the amount of time that a network user is allowed to maintain a network connection to the device using the current dynamic IP address. At the end of the Lease Time, the lease is either renewed or a new IP is issued by the DHCP server. The amount of time is in units of seconds. The default value is 86400 seconds (1 day). The value –1 stands for the infinite lease.

Domain Name

A user-friendly name that refers to the group of hosts (subnet) that will be assigned addresses from this pool.

Function buttons in this page:

Apply Changes Set new DHCP server configuration. New parameters will take effect after save into flash memory and reboot the system. See section “Admin” for save details. Undo Discard your changes.

4.4.3 DHCP Relay Configuration

Some ISPs perform the DHCP server function for their customers’ home/small office

network. In this case, you can configure th is device to act as a DHCP

network. In this case, you can configure this device to act as a DHCP relay agent. When a host on your network requests Internet access, the device contacts your ISP to obtain the IP configuration, and then forward that information to the host. You should set the DHCP mode after you configure the DHCP relay.

set the DHCP mode after you configure the DHCP relay. Fields in this page: Field Description

Fields in this page:

Field

Description

DHCP Server Address

Specify the IP address of your ISP’s DHCP server. Requests for IP information from your LAN will be passed to the default gateway, which should route the request appropriately.

Function button in this page Apply Changes Click to save the setting to the configuration.

4.4.4 DNS Configuration

There are two submenus for the DNS Configuration: [DNS Server] and [Dynamic DNS]

4.4.4.1

DNS Server

This page is used to select the way to obtain the IP addresses of the DNS servers.

Field Description Attain DNS Select this item if you want to use the DNS servers
Field Description Attain DNS Select this item if you want to use the DNS servers

Field

Description

Attain DNS

Select this item if you want to use the DNS servers obtained by the WAN interface via the auto-configuration mechanism.

Automatically

Set DNS Manually

Select this item to configure up to three DNS IP addresses.

Function buttons in this page:

Apply Changes Set new DNS relay configuration. New parameters will take effect after save into flash memory and reboot the system. See section “Admin” for save details. Undo Discard your changes.

4.4.4.2

Dynamic DNS

Each time your device connects to the Internet, your ISP assigns a different IP address to your device. In order for you or other users to access your device from the WAN-side, you need to manually track the IP that is currently used. The Dynamic DNS feature allow you to register your device with a DNS server and access your device each time using the same

host name. The Dynamic DNS page allows you to enable/disable the Dynamic DNS feature. On

host name. The Dynamic DNS page allows you to enable/disable the Dynamic DNS feature.

page allows you to enable/disable the Dynamic DNS feature. On the Dynamic DNS page, configure the

On the Dynamic DNS page, configure the following fields:

Field

Description

Enable

Check this item to enable this registration account for the DNS server.

DDNS provider

There are two DDNS providers to be selected in order to register your device with: DynDNS and TZO. A charge may occurs depends on the service you select.

Hostname

Domain name to be registered with the DDNS server.

Interface

This field defaults to your device’s WAN interface over which your device will be accessed.

Username

User-name assigned by the DDNS service provider.

Password

Password assigned by the DDNS service provider.

Function buttons in this page:

Add

Click Add to add this registration into the configuration. Remove Select an existing DDNS registration by clicking the radio button at the Select column of the Dynamic DNS Table. Click Remove button to remove the selected registration

from the configuration. 32

from the configuration.

4.4.5 Firewall Configuration Firewall contains several feat ures that are used to deny or allow

4.4.5 Firewall Configuration

Firewall contains several features that are used to deny or allow traffic from passing through the device.

4.4.5.1

IP/Port Filtering

The IP/Port filtering feature allows you to deny/allow specific services or applications in the forwarding path.

specific se rvices or applications in the forwarding path. Fields on the first setting block: Field

Fields on the first setting block:

Field

Description

Outgoing Default Action

Specify the default action on the LAN to WAN forwarding path.

Incoming Default Action

Specify the default action on the WAN to LAN forwarding path.

Function button for this first setting block:

Apply Changes

Click to save the setting of default actions to the configuration. Fields on the second

Click to save the setting of default actions to the configuration. Fields on the second setting block:

Field

Description

Rule Action

Deny or allow traffic when matching this rule.

Direction

Traffic forwarding direction.

Protocol

There are 3 options available: TCP, UDP and ICMP.

Src IP Address

The source IP address assigned to the traffic on which filtering is applied.

Src Subnet Mask

Subnet-mask of the source IP.

Src Port

Starting and ending source port numbers.

Dst IP Address

The destination IP address assigned to the traffic on which filtering is applied.

Dst Subnet Mask

Subnet-mask of the destination IP.

Dst Port

Starting and ending destination port numbers.

Function buttons for this second setting block:

Apply Changes Click to save the rule entry to the configuration. Function buttons for the Current Filter Table:

Delete Selected Delete selected filtering rules from the filter table. You can click the checkbox at the Select column to select the filtering rule. Delete All Delete all filtering rules from the filter table.

4.4.5.2 MAC Filtering The MAC filtering feature allows you to define rules to allo w

4.4.5.2

MAC Filtering

The MAC filtering feature allows you to define rules to allow or deny frames through the device based on source MAC address, destination MAC address, and traffic direction.

address, destinati on MAC address, and traffic direction. Fields on the first setting block: Field Description

Fields on the first setting block:

Field

Description

Outgoing Default Action

Specify the default action on the LAN to WAN bridging/forwarding path.

Incoming Default Action

Specify the default action on the WAN to LAN bridging/forwarding path.

Function button for this first setting block:

Apply Changes Click to save the setting of default actions to the configuration. Fields on the second setting block:

Field

Description

Rule Action

Deny or allow traffic when matching this rule.

Direction Traffic bridging/forwarding direction. Src MAC Address he source MAC address. It mu st be

Direction

Traffic bridging/forwarding direction.

Src MAC Address

he source MAC address. It must be xxxxxxxxxxxx format. Blanks can be used in the MAC address space and are considered as don’t care.

Dst MAC Address

The destination MAC address. It must be xxxxxxxxxxxx format. Blanks can be used in the MAC address space and are considered as don’t care.

Function buttons for this second setting block:

Apply Changes Click to save the rule entry to the configuration. Function buttons for the Current Filter Table:

Delete Selected Delete selected filtering rules from the filter table. You can click the checkbox at the Select column to select the filtering rule. Delete All Delete all filtering rules from the filter table.

4.4.5.3 Port Forwarding Firewall keeps unwanted traffic from the Internet away from your LA N

4.4.5.3

Port Forwarding

Firewall keeps unwanted traffic from the Internet away from your LAN computers. Add a Port Forwarding entry will create a tunnel through your firewall so that the computers on the Internet can communicate to one of the computers on your LAN on a single port.

to one of the computers on your LAN on a single port. Fields in this page:

Fields in this page:

Field

Description

Enable Port Forwarding

Check this item to enable the port-forwarding feature.

Protocol

There are 3 options available: TCP, UDP and Both.

Enable

Check this item to enable this entry.

Local IP Address

IP address of your local server that will be accessed by Internet.

Port

The destination port number that is made open for this application on the LAN-side.

Remote IP Address

The source IP address from which the incoming traffic is allowed. Leave blank for all.

External Port

The destination port number that is made open for this application on the WAN-side

Interface

Select the WAN interface on which the port-forwarding rule is to be applied.

Function buttons for the setting block: Apply Changes Click to save the rule entry to

Function buttons for the setting block:

Apply Changes Click to save the rule entry to the configuration. Function buttons for the Current Port Forwarding Table:

Delete Selected Delete the selected port forwarding rules from the forwarding table. You can click the checkbox at the Select column to select the forwarding rule. Delete All Delete all forwarding rules from the forwarding table.

4.4.5.4

DMZ

A DMZ (Demilitarized Zone) allows a single computer on your LAN to expose ALL of its ports to the Internet. Enter the IP address of that computer as a DMZ (Demilitarized Zone) host with unrestricted Internet access. When doing this, the DMZ host is no longer behind the firewall.

access. When doing this, the DMZ host is no longer behind the firewall. Fields in this

Fields in this page:

Field

Description

Enable DMZ Check this item to enable the DMZ feature. DMZ Host IP Address IP

Enable DMZ

Check this item to enable the DMZ feature.

DMZ Host IP Address

IP address of the local host. This feature sets a local host to be exposed to the Internet.

Function buttons in this page:

Apply Changes Click to save the setting to the configuration.

4.4.5.5

URL Blocking

The URL Blocking is the web filtering solution. The firewall includes the ability to block access to specific web URLs based on string matches. This can allow large numbers of URLs to be blocked by specifying only a FQDN (such as tw.yahoo.com). The URL Blocking enforce a Web usage policy to control content downloaded from, and uploaded to, the Web.

The URL Blocking enforce a Web usage policy to control content downloaded from, and uploaded to,
Fields in this page: Field Description URL Blocking capability Check this item to enable the

Fields in this page:

Field

Description

URL Blocking capability

Check this item to enable the URL Blocking feature.

FQDN

A fully qualified domain name (or FQDN) is an unambiguous domain name that specifies the node's position in the DNS tree hierarchy absolutely, such as tw.yahoo.com. The FQDN will be blocked to access.

Keyword

The filtered keyword such as yahoo. If the URL includes this keyword, the URL will be blocked to access.

Function buttons in this page:

Apply Changes Click to disable/enable the URL Blocking capability Add FQDN Add FQDN into URL Blocking table. Delete Selected FQDN Delete the selected FQDN from the URL Blocking table. You can click the checkbox at the Select column to select the Blocked FQDN. Add Filtered Keyword Add filtered keyword into Keyword Filtering table. Delete Selected Keyword Delete the selected keyword from the keyword Filtering table. You can click the checkbox at the Select column to select the filtered keyword.

4.4.5.6 Domain blocking The firewall includes the ability to block access to specific domain based

4.4.5.6

Domain blocking

The firewall includes the ability to block access to specific domain based on string matches. For example, if the URL of Taiwan Yahoo web site is “tw.yahoo.com” and you enter “yahoo.com”, the firewall will block all the DNS queries with “yahoo.com” string. So the Host will be blocked to access all the URLs belong to “yahoo.com” domain. That means you can protect your computer, your house, your office and anything else that uses DNS from being able to service domains that you don’t want to load.

being able to service domains that you don’t want to load. Fields in this page: Field

Fields in this page:

Field

Description

Domain Blocking capability

Check this item to enable the Domain Blocking feature.

Domain

The blocked domain. If the URL of Taiwan Yahoo web site is tw.yahoo.com, the domain can be yahoo.com.

Function buttons in this page: Apply Changes Click to disable/enable the Domain Block capability Add

Function buttons in this page:

Apply Changes Click to disable/enable the Domain Block capability Add Domain Add domain into Domain Block table. Delete Selected Domain Delete the selected domain from the Domain Block table. You can click the checkbox at the Select column to select the Blocked domain.

4.4.6 IGMP Proxy Configuration Multicasting is useful when the same data n eeds to be

4.4.6 IGMP Proxy Configuration

Multicasting is useful when the same data needs to be sent to more than one hosts. Using multicasting as opposed to sending the same data to the individual hosts uses less network bandwidth. The multicast feature also enables you to receive multicast video stream from multicast servers. IP hosts use Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) to report their multicast group memberships to neighboring routers. Similarly, multicast routers use IGMP to discover which of their hosts belong to multicast groups. This device supports IGMP proxy that handles IGMP messages. When enabled, this device acts as a proxy for a LAN host making requests to join and leave multicast groups, or a multicast router sending multicast packets to multicast group on the WAN side. When a host wishes to join a multicast group, it sends IGMP REPORT message to the device’s IGMP downstream interface. The proxy sets up a multicast route for the interface and host requesting the video content. It then forwards the Join to the upstream multicast router. The multicast IP traffic will then be forwarded to the requesting host. On a leave, the proxy removes the route and then forwards the leave to the upstream multicast router. The IGMP Proxy page allows you to enable multicast on WAN and LAN interfaces. The LAN interface is always served as downstream IGMP proxy, and you can configure one of the available WAN interfaces as the upstream IGMP proxy.

Upstream: The interface that IGMP requests from hosts are sent to the multicast

router. Downstream: The interface data from the multicast router are sent to hosts in the multicast group database.

Fields in this page: Field Description IGMP Proxy Enable/disable IGMP proxy feature Proxy Interface The
Fields in this page: Field Description IGMP Proxy Enable/disable IGMP proxy feature Proxy Interface The

Fields in this page:

Field

Description

IGMP Proxy

Enable/disable IGMP proxy feature

Proxy Interface

The upstream WAN interface is selected here.

Function buttons in this page:

Apply Changes Click to save the setting to the configuration. Undo Discard your settings.

4.4.7 UPnP Configuration The DSL device supports a control point for Universal Plug and Play

4.4.7 UPnP Configuration

The DSL device supports a control point for Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) version 1.0, and supports two key features: NAT Traversal and Device Identification. This feature requires one active WAN interface. In addition, the host should support this feature. In the presence of multiple WAN interfaces, select an interface on which the incoming traffic is present. With NAT Traversal, when an UPnP command is received to open ports in NAT, the application translates the request into system commands to open the ports in NAT and the firewall. The interface to open the ports on is given to UPnP when it starts up and is part of the configuration of the application. For Device Identification, the application will send a description of the DSL device as a control point back to the host making the request.

as a control point back to the host making the request. Fields in this page Field

Fields in this page

Field

Description

UPnP Daemon

Enable/disable UPnP feature.

Binded WAN Interface

Select WAN interface that will use UPnP from the drop-down lists.

Function buttons in this page:

Apply Changes Click to save the setting to the system configuration.

4.4.8 RIP Configuration RIP is an Internet protocol you can set up to share routing

4.4.8 RIP Configuration

RIP is an Internet protocol you can set up to share routing table information with other routing devices on your LAN, at your ISP’s location, or on remote networks connected to your network via the ADSL line. Most small home or office networks do not need to use RIP; they have only one router, such as the ADSL Router, and one path to an ISP. In these cases, there is no need to share routes, because all Internet data from the network is sent to the same ISP gateway. You may want to configure RIP if any of the following circumstances apply to your network:

Your home network setup includes an additional router or RIP-enabled PC (other than the ADSL Router). The ADSL Router and the router will need to communicate via RIP to share their routing tables.

Your network connects via the ADSL line to a remote network, such as a corporate network. In order for your LAN to learn the routes used within your corporate network, they should both be configured with RIP.

Your ISP requests that you run RIP for communication with devices on their network

Your ISP requests that you run RIP for communication with devices on their network Fields on

Fields on the first setting block:

Field Description RIP Enable/disable RIP feature. Function buttons for the second setting block in this

Field

Description

RIP

Enable/disable RIP feature.

Function buttons for the second setting block in this page:

Apply Changes Click to save the setting of this setting block to the system configuration Fields on the second setting block:

Field

Description

Interface

The name of the interface on which you want to enable RIP.

Receive Mode

Indicate the RIP version in which information must be passed to the DSL device in order for it to be accepted into its routing table.

Send Mode

Indicate the RIP version this interface will use when it sends its route information to other devices.

Function buttons for the second setting block in this page:

Add

Add a RIP entry and the new RIP entry will be display in the table Delete Selected Entry Delete a selected RIP entry. The RIP entry can be selected on the Select column of the RIP Config Table.

4.5 Advance Configuration

4.5.1 Bridging

You can enable/disable Spanning Tree Protocol and set MAC address aging time in this page.

Fields in this page: Field Description Ageing Time Set the Ethernet address ageing time, in
Fields in this page: Field Description Ageing Time Set the Ethernet address ageing time, in

Fields in this page:

Field

Description

Ageing Time

Set the Ethernet address ageing time, in seconds. After [Ageing Time] seconds of not having seen a frame coming from a certain address, the bridge will time out (delete) that address from Forwarding DataBase (fdb).

802.1d Spanning Tree

Enable/disable the spanning tree protocol

Function buttons in this page:

Apply Changes Save this bridge configuration. New configuration will take effect after saving into flash memory and rebooting the system. See section “Admin” for details. Show MACs List MAC address in forwarding table.

4.5.2 Routing

The Routing page enables you to define specific route for your Internet and network data. Most users do not need to define routes. On a typical small home or office LAN, the existing routes that set up the default gateways for your LAN hosts and for the DSL device provide the most appropriate path for all your Internet traffic.

On your LAN hosts, a default gateway directs all Internet traffic to the LAN port(s) on the DSL

device. Your LAN hosts know their default gat eway either because you assigned it to

device. Your LAN hosts know their default gateway either because you assigned it to them when you modified your TCP/IP properties, or because you configured them to receive the information dynamically from a server whenever they access the Internet.

On the DSL device itself, a default gateway is defined to direct all outbound Internet traffic to a route at your ISP. The default gateway is assigned either automatically by your ISP whenever the device negotiates an Internet access, or manually by user to setup through the configuration.

You may need to define routes if your home setup includes two or more networks or subnets, if you connect to two or more ISP services, or if you connect to a remote corporate LAN.

ISP services, or if you connect to a remote corporate LAN. Fields in this page: Field

Fields in this page:

Field

Description

Enable

Check to enable the selected route or route to be added.

Destination

The network IP address of the subnet. The destination can be specified as the IP address of a subnet or a specific host in the subnet. It can also be specified as all zeros to indicate that this route should be used for all destinations for which no other route is defined (this is the route that creates the default gateway).

Subnet Mask

The network mask of the destination subnet. The default gateway uses a mask of

0.0.0.0.

Next Hop The IP address of the next hop through wh ich traffic will flow

Next Hop

The IP address of the next hop through which traffic will flow towards the destination subnet.

Metric

Defines the number of hops between network nodes that data packets travel. The default value is 0, which means that the subnet is directly one hop away on the local LAN network.

Interface

The WAN interface to which a static routing subnet is to be applied.

Function buttons in this page:

Add Route Add a user-defined destination route. Update Update the selected destination route on the Static Route Table. Delete Selected Delete a selected destination route on the Static Route Table. Show Routes Click this button to view the DSL device’s routing table. The IP Route Table displays, as shown in Figure.

Routes Click this button to view the DSL device’s r outing table. The IP Route Table
4.5.3 SNMP Configuration Simple Network Management Pr otocol (SNMP) is a troubleshooting and management protocol

4.5.3 SNMP Configuration

Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) is a troubleshooting and management protocol that uses the UDP protocol on port 161 to communicate between clients and servers. The DSL device can be managed locally or remotely by SNMP protocol.

device can be managed locally or remotely by SNMP protocol. Fields in this page: Field Description

Fields in this page:

Field

Description

System Description

System description of the DSL device.

System Contact

Contact person and/or contact information for the DSL device.

System Name

An administratively assigned name for the DSL device.

System Location

The physical location of the DSL device.

System Object ID

Vendor object identifier. The vendor’s authoritative identification of the network management subsystem contained in the entity.

Trap IP Address

Destination IP address of the SNMP trap.

Community name

Name of the read-only community. This read-only community allows read operation to all objects in the MIB.

(read-only)

Community name Name of the write-only community. This wr ite-only community allows write operation to

Community name

Name of the write-only community. This write-only community allows write operation to the objects defines as read-writable in the MIB.

(write-only)

Function buttons in this page:

Apply Changes Save SNMP configuration. New configuration will take effect after saving into flash memory and rebooting the system. See section “Admin” for details.

4.5.4 Port Mapping

The DSL device provides multiple interface groups. Up to five interface groups are supported including one default group. The LAN and WAN interfaces could be included. Traffic coming from one interface of a group can only be flowed to the interfaces in the same interface group. Thus, the DSL device can isolate traffic from group to group for some application. By default, all the interfaces (LAN and WAN) belong to the default group, and the other four groups are all empty. It is possible to assign any interface to any group but only one group.

Fields in this page: Field Description Enabled/Disabled Radio buttons to enable/disable the interface group
Fields in this page: Field Description Enabled/Disabled Radio buttons to enable/disable the interface group

Fields in this page:

Field

Description

Enabled/Disabled

Radio buttons to enable/disable the interface group feature. If disabled, all interfaces belong to the default group.

“Interface groups

To manipulate a mapping group:

1. Select a group from the table.

2. Select interfaces from the available/grouped interface list and add it to the grouped/available interface list using the arrow buttons to manipulate the required mapping of the ports.

3. Click “Apply Changes” button to save the changes.

Function buttons in this page:

Apply Changes Save configuration to system. New configuration will take effect after saving into flash

memory and rebooting the system. See section “Admin” for details. 4.5.5 IP QoS The DSL

memory and rebooting the system. See section “Admin” for details.

4.5.5 IP QoS

The DSL device provides a control mechanism that can provide different priority to different users or data flows. The QoS is enforced by the QoS rules in the QoS table. A QoS rule contains two configuration blocks: Traffic Classification and Action. The Traffic Classification enables you to classify packets on the basis of various fields in the packet and perhaps the physical ingress port. The Action enables you to assign the strictly priority level for and mark some fields in the packet that matches the Traffic Classification rule. You can configure any or all field as needed in these two QoS blocks for a QoS rule.

all field as needed in these two QoS blocks for a QoS rule. Fields on the

Fields on the first setting block of this page:

Field

Description

IP QoS

Enable/disable the IP QoS function.

Source IP

The IP address of the traffic source.

Source Netmask

The source IP netmask. This field is required if the source IP has been entered.

Destination IP The IP address of the traffic destination. Destination Netmask The destination IP netmask.

Destination IP

The IP address of the traffic destination.

Destination Netmask

The destination IP netmask. This field is required if the destination IP has been entered.

Protocol

The selections are TCP, UDP, ICMP and the blank for none. This field is required if the source port or destination port has been entered.

Source Port

The source port of the selected protocol. You cannot configure this field without entering the protocol first.

Destination Port

The destination port of the selected protocol. You cannot configure this field without entering the protocol first.

Physical Port

The incoming ports. The selections include LAN ports, wireless port, and the blank for not applicable.

Fields on the second setting block of this page:

Field

Description

Outbound Priority

The priority level for the traffic that matches this classification rule. The possible selections are (in the descending priority): p0, p1, p2, p3.

IP Precedence

Select this field to mark the IP precedence bits in the packet that match this classification rule.

IP Type of Service

Select this field to mark the IP TOS bits in the packet that match this classification rule.

802.1p

Select this field to mark the 3-bit user-priority field in the 802.1p header of the packet that match this classification rule. Note that this 802.1p marking is workable on a given PVC channel only if the VLAN tag is enabled in this PVC channel.

4.5.6 Remote Access

The Remote Access function can secure remote host access to your DSL device from LAN

The Remote Access function can secure remote host access to your DSL device from LAN and WLAN interfaces for some services provided by the DSL device.

interfaces for some services provided by the DSL device. Fields in this page: Field Description LAN

Fields in this page:

Field

Description

LAN

Check/un-check the services on the LAN column to allow/un-allow the services access from LAN side; and “WAN”:

WAN

Check/un-check the services on the WAN column to allow/un-allow the services access from WAN side.

WAN Port

This field allows the user to specify the port of the corresponding service. Take the HTTP service for example; when it is changed to 8080, the HTTP server address for the WAN side is http://dsl_addr:8080, where the dsl_addr is the WAN side IP address of the DSL device.

4.6 Diagnostic

The DSL device supports some useful diagnostic tools.

4.6.1 Ping

Once you have your DSL device configured, it is a good idea to make sure you can ping the network. A ping command sends a message to the host you specify. If the host

receives the message, it sends messages in reply. To use it, you must know the
receives the message, it sends messages in reply. To use it, you must know the

receives the message, it sends messages in reply. To use it, you must know the IP address of the host you are trying to communicate with and enter the IP address in the Host Address field. Click Go! To start the ping command, the ping result will then be shown in this page. Fields in this page:

Field

Description

Host Address

The IP address you want to ping.

4.6.2 ATM Loopback

In order to isolate the ATM interface problems, you can use ATM OAM loopback cells to verify connectivity between VP/VC endpoints, as well as segment endpoints within the VP/VC. ATM uses F4 and F5 cell flows as follows:

F4: used in VPs

F5: used in VCs

An ATM connection consists of a group of points. This OAM implementation provides management for the following points:

Connection endpoint: the end of a VP/VC connection where the ATM cell are terminated

Segment endpoint: the end of a connection segment

This page allows you to use ATM ping, wh ich generates F5 segment and end-to-end

This page allows you to use ATM ping, which generates F5 segment and end-to-end loop-back cells to test the reachability of a segment endpoint or a connection endpoint.

reachability of a segment endpoint or a connection endpoint. Fields in this page: Field Description Select

Fields in this page:

Field

Description

Select PVC

Select the PVC channel you want to do the loop-back diagnostic.

Flow Type

The ATM OAM flow type. The selection can be F5 Segment or F5 End-to-End.

Loopback Location ID

The loop-back location ID field of the loop-back cell. The default value is all 1s (ones) to indicate the endpoint of the segment or connection.

4.6.3 ADSL

This page shows the ADSL diagnostic result. Click Start button to start the ADSL diagnostic.

4.6.4 Diagnostic Test The Diagnostic Test page shows the test result s for the connectivity
4.6.4 Diagnostic Test The Diagnostic Test page shows the test result s for the connectivity

4.6.4 Diagnostic Test

The Diagnostic Test page shows the test results for the connectivity of the physical layer and protocol layer for both LAN and WAN sides.

Fields in this page: Field Description Select the Internet Connection The available WAN side interfaces
Fields in this page: Field Description Select the Internet Connection The available WAN side interfaces

Fields in this page:

Field

Description

Select the Internet Connection

The available WAN side interfaces are listed. You have to select one for the WAN side diagnostic.

4.7 Admin

4.7.1 Commit/Reboot

Whenever you use the Web configuration to change system settings, the changes are initially placed in temporary storage. These changes will be lost if the device is reset or turn off. To save your change for future use, you can use the commit function.

Function buttons in this page: Commit and Reboot Whenever you use the web console to
Function buttons in this page: Commit and Reboot Whenever you use the web console to

Function buttons in this page:

Commit and Reboot Whenever you use the web console to change system settings, the changes are initially placed in temporary storage. To save your changes for future use, you can use the Commit/Reboot function. This function saves your changes from RAM to flash memory and reboot the system. IMPORTANT! Do not turn off your modem or press the Reset button while this procedure is in progress.

4.7.2 Backup/Restore

This page allows you to backup and restore your configuration into and from file in your host.

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4.7.3 System Log This page shows the system log. 4.7.4 Password The first time you

4.7.3 System Log

This page shows the system log.

4.7.3 System Log This page shows the system log. 4.7.4 Password The first time you log

4.7.4 Password

The first time you log into the system, you use the default password. There are two-level logins: admin and user. The admin and user password configuration allows you to change the password for administrator and user.

Fields in this page: Field Description User Name Selection of user levels are: admin and
Fields in this page: Field Description User Name Selection of user levels are: admin and

Fields in this page:

Field

Description

User Name

Selection of user levels are: admin and user.

Old Password

Enter the old password for this selected login.

New Password

Enter the new password here.

Confirmed Password

Enter the new password here again to confirm.

4.7.5 Upgrade Firmware

To upgrade the firmware for the DSL device:

Click the Browse button to select the firmware file.

Confirm your selection.

Click the Upload button to start upgrading.

IMPORTANT! Do not turn off your DSL device or press the Reset button while this procedure is in progress.

4.7.6 ACL The Access Control List (ACL) is a list of permissions attached to the
4.7.6 ACL The Access Control List (ACL) is a list of permissions attached to the

4.7.6 ACL

The Access Control List (ACL) is a list of permissions attached to the DSL device. The list specifies who is allowed to access this device. If ACL is enabled, all hosts cannot access this device except for the hosts with IP address in the ACL table.

Fields in this page: Field Description ACL Capability Enable/disable the ACL function Enable Check to
Fields in this page: Field Description ACL Capability Enable/disable the ACL function Enable Check to

Fields in this page:

Field

Description

ACL Capability

Enable/disable the ACL function

Enable

Check to enable this ACL entry

Interface

Select the interface domain: LAN or WAN

IP Address

Enter the IP address that allow access to this device.

4.7.7 Time Zone

Simple Network Timing Protocol (SNTP) is a protocol used to synchronize the system time to the public SNTP servers. The DSL device supports SNTP client functionality in compliance with IETF RFC2030. SNTP client functioning in daemon mode which issues sending client requests to the configured SNTP server addresses periodically can configure the system clock in the DSL device

Fields in this page: Field Description Current Time The current time of the specified time
Fields in this page: Field Description Current Time The current time of the specified time

Fields in this page:

Field

Description

Current Time

The current time of the specified time zone. You can set the current time by yourself or configured by SNTP.

Time Zone Select

The time zone in which the DSL device resides.

Enable SNTP client update

Enable the SNTP client to update the system clock.

SNTP server

The IP address or the host name of the SNTP server. You can select from the list or set it manually.

4.7.8 TR-069 Config.

TR-069 is a protocol for communication between a CPE and Auto-Configuration Server (ACS). The CPE TR-069 configuration should be well defined to be able to communicate with the remote ACS.

Fields in this page: ACS Field Description URL ACS URL. For example, http://10.0.0.1:80 https://10.0.0.1:443
Fields in this page: ACS Field Description URL ACS URL. For example, http://10.0.0.1:80 https://10.0.0.1:443

Fields in this page:

ACS Field

Description

URL

ACS URL. For example, http://10.0.0.1:80 https://10.0.0.1:443

User Name

The username the DSL device should use when connecting to the ACS.

Password

The password the DSL device should use when connecting to the ACS.

Periodic Inform Enable

When this field is enabled, the DSL device will send an Inform RPC to the ACS server at the system startup, and will continue to send it periodically at an interval defined in Periodic Inform Interval field; When this field is disabled, the DSL device will only send Inform RPC to the ACS server once at the system startup.

Periodic Inform Interval

Time interval in second to send Inform RPC.

Connection Request Field

Description

User Name

The username the remote ACS should use when connecting to this device.

Password

The password the remote ACS should use when connecting to this device.

Path

The path of the device ConnectionRequestURL. The device ConnectionRequestURL should be configured based on the Device_IP, Path and Port as follows:

  http://Device_IP:Port/Path Port The port of the device ConnectionRequestURL. 4.8 Statistics The DSL device
 

http://Device_IP:Port/Path

Port

The port of the device ConnectionRequestURL.

4.8 Statistics

The DSL device shows the different layer of network statistics information.

4.8.1 Interfaces

You can view statistics on the processing of IP packets on the networking interfaces. You will not typically need to view this data, but you may find it helpful when working with your ISP to diagnose network and Internet data transmission problems.

diagnose network and Inter net data transmission problems. To display updated statistics showing any new data

To display updated statistics showing any new data since you opened this page, click Refresh.

4.8.2 ADSL

This page shows the ADSL line statistic information.

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5 Channel Mode Configuration ADSL router supports multiple channel operation modes. This section will show

5 Channel Mode Configuration

ADSL router supports multiple channel operation modes. This section will show procedures to configure the router.

5.1 Bridge Mode

ADSL modem/router is bridge mode enabled by factory default. There is a 1483-bridged mode PVC 5/35 in system.

default. There is a 1483-bridged mode PVC 5/35 in system. 1. Open the WEB page at

1. Open the WEB page at “WAN interface/Channel Configuration”.

2. Select the Channel Mode to “1483 Bridged”. Set the parameters VPI/VCI and Encapsulation mode according to the CO DSLAM’s setting.

3. Click “Add” button to add this channel into VC table.

4. Open the WEB page at “Admin/ Commit/Reboot”. Press “Commit” to save the settings into flash memory.

5. The new settings will take effect after reboot the system.

5.2 MER(Mac Encapsulating Routing) Mode 1. Open the WEB page at “WAN interface/Channel Configuration”. 2.

5.2 MER(Mac Encapsulating Routing) Mode

5.2 MER(Mac Encapsulating Routing) Mode 1. Open the WEB page at “WAN interface/Channel Configuration”. 2. Select

1. Open the WEB page at “WAN interface/Channel Configuration”.

2. Select the Channel Mode to “1483 MER”. Set the parameters VPI/VCI and Encapsulation mode according to the CO DSLAM’s setting.

3. Set “Local IP Address:” according to the IP that ISP assign for your router. Set “Remote IP Address” to the ISP’s gateway.

4. Click “Add” button to add this channel into VC table.

5. Open the WEB page at “Admin/ Commit/Reboot”. Press “Commit” to save the settings into flash memory.

6. The new settings will take effect after reboot the system.

5.3 PPPoE Mode 1. Open the WEB page at “WAN interface/Channel Configuration”. 2. Select the

5.3 PPPoE Mode

5.3 PPPoE Mode 1. Open the WEB page at “WAN interface/Channel Configuration”. 2. Select the Channel

1. Open the WEB page at “WAN interface/Channel Configuration”.

2. Select the Channel Mode to “PPPoE”. Set the parameters VPI/VCI and Encapsulation mode according to the CO DSLAM’s setting.

3. Enter user/password from your ISP.

4. Click “Add” button to add this channel.

5. Enable DHCP server to allow the local PCs share the PPP connection. Reference to section

4.6.1 DHCP Server Configuration.

6. Set DNS address from your ISP. Reference to section 4.6.2 DNS Configuration.

7. Open the WEB page at “Admin/ Commit/Reboot”. Press “Commit” to save the settings into flash memory.

8. The new settings will take effect after reboot the system.

5.4 PPPoA Mode 1. Open the WEB page at “WAN interface/Channel Configuration”. 2. Select the

5.4 PPPoA Mode

5.4 PPPoA Mode 1. Open the WEB page at “WAN interface/Channel Configuration”. 2. Select the Channel

1. Open the WEB page at “WAN interface/Channel Configuration”.

2. Select the Channel Mode to “PPPoA”. Set the parameters VPI/VCI and Encapsulation mode according to the CO DSLAM’s setting.

3. Enter user/password from your ISP.

4. Click “Add” button to add this channel.

5. Enable DHCP server to allow the local PCs share the PPP connection. Reference to section

4.6.1 DHCP Server Configuration.

6. Set DNS address from your ISP. Reference to section 4.6.2 DNS Configuration.

7. Open the WEB page at “Admin/ Commit/Reboot”. Press “Commit” to save the settings into flash memory.

8. The new settings will take effect after reboot the system.

5.5 1483 Routed Mode 1. Open the WEB page at “WAN interface/Channel Configuration”. 2. Select

5.5 1483 Routed Mode

5.5 1483 Routed Mode 1. Open the WEB page at “WAN interface/Channel Configuration”. 2. Select the

1. Open the WEB page at “WAN interface/Channel Configuration”.

2. Select the Channel Mode to “1483 Routed”. Set the parameters VPI/VCI and Encapsulation mode according to the CO DSLAM’s setting.

3. In WAN IP settings, give the local and remote IP address from your ISP or use DHCP to get them automatically if your ISP support it. Local IP is the address of ADSL router. Remote IP is the ISP’s gateway address.

4. Click “Add” button to add this channel.

5. Open the WEB page at “Admin/ Commit/Reboot”. Press “Commit” to save the settings into flash memory.

6. The new settings will take effect after reboot the system.

Appendices Appendix A: Protocol Stacks 5.5.1 A.1 1483 Bridged Model IP Ethernet 100BaseT PC Ethernet

Appendices

Appendix A: Protocol Stacks

5.5.1 A.1 1483 Bridged Model

IP

Ethernet

100BaseT

PC

5.5.1 A.1 1483 Bridged Model IP Ethernet 100BaseT PC Ethernet Ethernet LLC/SNAP (1483-B) AAL5 SAR ATM

Ethernet

Ethernet

Bridged Model IP Ethernet 100BaseT PC Ethernet Ethernet LLC/SNAP (1483-B) AAL5 SAR ATM 100BaseT xDSL ATU-R
Bridged Model IP Ethernet 100BaseT PC Ethernet Ethernet LLC/SNAP (1483-B) AAL5 SAR ATM 100BaseT xDSL ATU-R

LLC/SNAP

(1483-B)

AAL5

SAR

ATM

100BaseT PC Ethernet Ethernet LLC/SNAP (1483-B) AAL5 SAR ATM 100BaseT xDSL ATU-R ATM xDSL SONET/SDH DSLAM

100BaseT

xDSL

ATU-R

ATM xDSL SONET/SDH
ATM
xDSL
SONET/SDH

DSLAM

IP

Ethernet

LLC/SNAP

(1483-B)

AAL5

SAR

ATM

SONET/SDH

BRAS

1483 Bridged Channel Mode Scenario

5.5.2 A.2 1483 MER Model IP Ethernet 100BaseT PC IP IP   IP Ethernet Ethernet

5.5.2 A.2 1483 MER Model

IP

Ethernet

100BaseT

PC

IP

IP

 

IP

Ethernet

Ethernet

Ethernet

 

LLC/SNAP

LLC/SNAP

(1483-B)

(1483-B)

AAL5

AAL5

SAR

ATM xDSL SONET/SDH
ATM
xDSL
SONET/SDH

SAR

ATM

ATM

100BaseT

xDSL

SONET/SDH

ATU-R

DSLAM

BRAS

1483 MER Channel Mode Scenario

5.5.3 A.3 PPPoE Model IP IP IP   IP     PPP PPP PPPoE PPPoE

5.5.3 A.3 PPPoE Model

IP

IP

IP

 

IP

   

PPP

PPP

PPPoE

PPPoE

Ethernet

Ethernet

Ethernet

Ethernet

   

LLC/SNAP

LLC/SNAP

(1483-B)

(1483-B)

AAL5

AAL5

SAR