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Seatle Orasul Ceasurilor

Daca ati fost la Seatle in statul Washington sau pur si simplu ati auzit despre el, ati ghici probalil ca porecla e ceva de genul, Orasul Acului Spatial. Turnul cel de 184m inaltime, cu o punte de observatie si un restaurant, a fost construit pentru tirgul mondial din 1962 si a devenit cel mai faimos punct de reperal Orasului. Sau poate orasul Seatle este orasul unde mereu ploua. Aceasta este o exagerare deoarece exista o alta multime de orase in SUA in care cade o mai mare cantitate de precipitatii. De cele mai multe ori in celelalte orase paternic shi apoi se limpezeste. Asupra orasului se abat lungi ploi terotianle de la oceanul Pacific, cu cer innorat citeva zile pina si apoi dupa ele. Ora sul Seatle are un renume mondial si datorita fructelor de mare- in special somonul -care se afla in ocean, sau in apele curgatoare. Porecla orasului insa, nu vine de la nici una din aceste surse si cind o vei auzi vei cere o explicatie. Orasul Seatle este Orasul Ceasurilor si nu orasul ceasurilor de alarma sau a uriaselor turnuri de ceasuri ci a ceasurilor din strada sau cesuri santinela cum mai sint numite deseori. Mai exista acum cel putin o duzina din ceea ce cindva numara 55 sau chiar mai multe din aceste pendule cu o greutate de pina la 2 tone asezate pe postamente din fonta sau pe colanele de pe strazile centrale ale orasului. Majoritatea dina ceste ceasuri au servit drept marturii de publicitate pentru magazinele de bijuterii care le-au mentinut. Atit de multe ceasuri erau de culoare verde intunecata incit exista chiar o culoare numita verde ca ceasul din strada . Altele erau rosii, in speranta ca camionagii le vor vedea shi le vor ocoli. Printre acele ce au mai ramasm ceasul bijuteriilor Benton are 4 lampi sferice, mecanismul acestui ceas santinela e incastrat(asezat, plasat) in sticla in asa mod incit toti sa poata vedea, si in partea din fata a ceasului din fata magazinului de bijuterii Thomas Carroll sta sub 4 lampi amuzante, ciudate. Preocupat de ceea ce e numit circulatia pietonilor ministrul de lucrari publice din Seatle a fost aproape de a surghiuni ceasurile a fost atins, dar un compromis. In cazul in care un proprietar a promite sa pastraze un ceas mergind fix, si sal curate de 2 ori pe an, aceatsa putea ramine. Aceasta a redus din numarul de ceasuri in mod drastic, dar orasul Seatle inca poseda mult mai multe decit toate ceasurile din vastul New York. Ori de cite ori exista o poveste despre vechile ceasuri santinele, ziarele din Seatle par a putea sa reziste unui joc de cuvinte.

Timpul va spune asa era titlul unui articol. Sau cind un ceas e restaurat articolul e intitulat E timpul, E despre timp. Un istoric din Seatle medica ca vechile pendule publice, ar fi avut de povestit istorii frumoase daca numai de ar fi putut vorbi.

Milioane de copii nu merg la scoala din cauza conflictelor Conflictele armate din intreaga lume nu permit la zeci de milioane de tineri de a merge la scoala.Multi dintre ei au traume fizice sau psihologice care le complica sau chiar le face imposibila procesul de invatare. Anul acesta putin mai tirziu , Unesco va lansa cel deal 22-lea raport intitulat Educatie prntru monitorizarea globala.UNESCO este Organizatia natiulilor Unite pentru Educatie , Stiinta si Cultura. Publicarea anuala este o parte din campania globala pentru a oferi educatia de baza tuturor copiilor in urmatorii 3 ani. Raportul documenteaza situatia din tarile care au progresat cel mai putin spre Obiectivele de devoltare ale Mileniului.Aceste obiective necesita educatie universala de baza si egalitate pentru baieti si fete in procesul de instuire catre de la 20-15 ani. Pauline Rose este directorul acestui raport. Pauline Rose : In acesle 35 de tari afectate de conflictele armate, 28 mln de copii nu frecventeaza scoala. In unele tari problema consta in faptul ca scolile nu sunt cel putin accesibile in zonele de conflict.Profesori nu sunt acolo, uneori scolile sunt chiar atacate. Conventiile de la Geneva interzic dinctionarea atacul asupra locurilor publice ca scolile si spitalele.In Unele cazuri, scolile sunt tinte deoarece ale reprezinta guvernul. Pauline Rose spune ca in alte cazuri scolile sunt tintite din motive religioase si politice. Pauline Rose: Deci din cauza ca fetele sa mearga la scoala a fost o parte din preocuparea unor grupuri militante aceasta a fost cauza pentru atacul lor direct aspra scolilor pentru fete. Mai mult decit atit in alte colturi ale lumii sar putea xa scolile sa fie arse. De asemenea conflictele aduc fetele si baietii la riscul de violenta sexuale. Elevii sunt de asemenea expusi riscului de a fi fortati sa devina soldati. Confiorm dreptului International, refugiatii sunt unicele persoane tramutate cu drept garantat la educatie. De cele mai multe ori insa aceasta garantie inseamna foarte putin. Foarte des scolile din tabelere de refugiati au putine resurse materiale pentru profesor si provizii. Anul tre cut Pauline Rose a vizitat taberele din Dabaab din Kenya de Nord. Acele tabre adapostesc mai mult decit 250 000 de refugiati din Somalia. Pauline Rose: Asadar jumatate din numarul de copii nu au acces la scoala. Promovati asa zise un fel de lectii pentru mai mult de 300 de copii si ma refer la faptul ca conditiile se inrautatesc din ce in ce mai mult. Cum sar fi schimbat situata dacaca statele aflate in conflict din Africa sub-sahariana ar fi alocat pentru educatie doar 10% din cheltuiele din domeniul militar_ ? UNESCO spune ca ei ar fi putut invata mai mult de 1 sfert din populatia ce nu frecventeaza scoala, si in Pakistan 20 la suta din bugetul militar ar putea oferi educatia de baza pentru toti copii.

Dar expertii spun ca o tara a fost istoric reala de succes. Pe parcrsul a mai multor ani . Botswana sia folosit bogatia din exportul de diamante pentru a finanta educatia primara si pentru a crea o baza de competente pentru economia sa in crestere. Aceasta e raportul VOA de educatie engleza speciala . Sunt Jim Tedder.

(Reuters) - The European Union won the Nobel Peace Prize on Friday for promoting peace, democracy and human rights over six decades, a morale boost for the bloc as it struggles to resolve its economic crisis.
The award served as a reminder that the EU had largely brought peace to a continent that tore itself apart in two world wars in which tens of millions died. The EU has transformed most of Europe "from a continent of wars to a continent of peace", Nobel Committee Chairman Thorbjoern Jagland said in announcing the award in Oslo. "The EU is currently undergoing grave economic difficulties and considerable social unrest," Jagland said. "The Norwegian Nobel Committee wishes to focus on what it sees as the EU's most important result: the successful struggle for peace and reconciliation and for democracy and human rights." Jagland praised the EU for rebuilding Europe from the devastation of World War Two and for its role in spreading stability after the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989. While welcomed by European leaders, the award will have little practical effect on the debt crisis afflicting the single currency zone, which has brought economic instability and social unrest to several states, with rioting in Athens and Madrid. On the streets of the Greek capital, where demonstrators have burned Nazi flags to protest against German demands for austerity, the award was greeted with disbelief. "Is this a joke?" asked Chrisoula Panagiotidi, 36, a beautician who lost her job three days ago. "It's the last thing I would expect. It mocks us and what we are going through right now. All it will do is infuriate people here." The prize, worth $1.2 million, will be presented in Oslo on December 10. It was not immediately clear who from the EU would be there to collect the check and what it would be spent on. CONCEIVED IN SECRET Conceived in secret at a chateau near Brussels, what is now the European Union was created by the 1957 Treaty of Rome, signed with great fanfare in the Italian capital's 15th century Palazzo dei Conservatori. The six-state 'common market' it founded grew into the 27-nation European Union ranging from Ireland's Atlantic shores to the borders of Russia. At the time, the Cold War was in full swing after Soviet tanks put down an anti-communist rebellion in Budapest. Western countries led by the United States had formed NATO, and the Kremlin responded with the Warsaw Pact. But the EU is now mired in crisis with enormous strains between capitals over the euro, the common currency shared by 17 nations and created to further economic and monetary union. Politicians in Germany, one of the main forces behind the foundation of the EU, were delighted with the award. German Chancellor Angela Merkel, Europe's most powerful leader, said it was a "wonderful decision". French President Francois Hollande, whose country has with Germany formed the EU's main axis of power, said it was an "immense honor". Helmut Kohl, the chancellor who reunified Germany and pushed the country into the euro, said: "The Nobel Peace Prize for the EU is above all a confirmation of the European peace project," That sentiment was echoed by U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton. "Certainly it is quite remarkable to see how unified and peaceful Europe is in the 21st Century, and that did not happen by coincidence. It happened because of the very hard work and dedication of leaders and citizens across Europe," she said. After centuries of war on the continent the EU has been at peace within its borders, but its effort to stop war in former Yugoslavia - an initiative hailed by one minister as "the hour of Europe" - was a failure.

British Prime Minister David Cameron, whose Conservative Party is distinctly cool towards the European ideal, had nothing to say about the award, and a spokesman said he didn't think a comment was likely. Ed Balls, a senior member of the opposition Labour Party, remarked sarcastically: "They'll be cheering in Athens tonight, won't they?" Nigel Farage, leader of Britain's fiercely eurosceptic UKIP party, added: "This goes to show that the Norwegians really do have a sense of humor." "I FIND THIS ABSURD" In Madrid, Francisco Gonzalez expressed bafflement. "I don't see the logic in the EU getting this prize right now. They can't even agree among themselves," the 62-year-old businessman said. In Berlin, public relations worker Astrid Meinicke, 46, was also skeptical. "I find it curious. I think the EU could have engaged itself a bit better, especially in Syria," she said, near the city's historic Brandenburg Gate. In the home of the peace prize, many Norwegians are bitterly opposed to the EU, seeing it as a threat to the sovereignty of nation states. "I find this absurd," the leader of Norway's anti-EU membership organization Heming Olaussen told state broadcaster NRK. Norway has twice voted "no" to joining the EU, in 1972 and 1994. The country has prospered outside the bloc, partly thanks to huge oil and gas resources. Among those tipped to win was Russia's small Ekho Moskvy radio, a frequent critic of the Kremlin. Editor in chief Alexei Venediktov conceded the prize to a worthy winner. "We are only 115. They are 500 million. It is an honor (to lose to the EU)," he told Reuters.

The 2012 Nobel peace prize has been awarded to the European Union, with the Norwegian committee ignoring the current economic crisis and instead praising the EU's decades-long historical role in promoting reconciliation and peace. Speaking in Oslo, Thorbjrn Jagland, head of the Nobel committee, shrugged off the euro's woes and said the EU had been a force for peace both after the second world war, binding Germany and France together, and following the bloody slaughter of the 1990s in the Balkans. He said: "The main message is that we need to keep in mind what we have achieved on this continent, and not let the continent go into disintegration again." The collapse of the EU could lead to a resurgence of the "extremism and nationalism" that had led to so many "awful wars", he warned bluntly. Jagland cited several key EU achievements. He said another conflict between France and Germany was "unthinkable" following 70 years as close allies. He mentioned the EU's successful expansion, with the accession of Greece, Portugal and Spain to the EU in the 1980s spreading democracy, and the admission of eastern European nations after the fall of the Berlin Wall. He also praised the EU's role in the Balkans. "Ethnically based national conflicts have been settled," he declared. Croatia will join the EU next year, Montenegro was opening up membership negotiations and Serbia has candidate status, he said. The EU had also "advanced democracy and human rights" in Turkey, he suggested, overlooking the fact that Turkey's membership application has dragged on inconclusively for decades. Jagland conceded that the 27-member bloc was not in great shape, saying: "The EU is currently undergoing grave economic difficulties and considerable social unrest." But he stressed: "The Norwegian Nobel committee wishes to focus on what it sees as the EU's most important result: the successful struggle for peace and reconciliation and for democracy and human rights. The stabilising part played by the EU has helped to transform most of Europe from a continent of war to a continent of peace." Reaction to the news was sharply divided. Within minutes of the award being announced in Oslo at 10am GMT on Friday, the president of the European commission, Jose Manuel Barroso, tweeted: "It is a great honour for the whole of the #EU, all 500 million citizens, to be awarded the 2012 #Nobel Peace prize." He later called it a "justified recognition" of a unique project that works for the benefit of its citizens and the world. But the award provoked derision from British Eurosceptics and some rightwing Tory MPs. Nigel Farage, the leader of Ukip, allegedly remarked: "This goes to show the Norwegians really do have a sense of humour." Another Ukip MEP, Marta Andreasen, said: "If this is their definition of peace then the Norwegians need a new dictionary." Taking questions from reporters, Jagland defended the committee's seemingly counterintuitive decision and spoke repeatedly of the wars in former Yugoslavia: "We have to keep in mind that not so many years ago people from this part of Europe killed each other in awful wars We are only focusing on what we have achieved on this continent and what could happen if disintegration starts again." Jagland said the committee, made up of members from non-EU Norway, wasn't trying "to save the euro" or attempting to dig Europe out of its current hole. Asked what citizens from Greece, Spain and Ireland would make of their unanimous decision, he said a majority of citizens from these countries still supported the EU: "I think this historic empathy still remains in the heads of so many Europeans. They don't want to lose what has been achieved. Many may criticise the current policy but that is a different matter." It is not clear who will actually pick up the award, to be presented in Oslo on 10 December. Jagland said it was up to "EU institutions" to decide which individual would pick up the gold medal and give a lecture at the presentation ceremony. One obvious candidate is the former German chancellor Helmut Kohl, though he is in poor health.