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THE SCIENCE LAB Make & Do Activity Kit
THE SCIENCE LAB
Make & Do Activity Kit

Jelly lolly geodesic dome

Domes are strong because they’re made from lots of triangles. Explore how a triangle is the strongest shape. This activity is also a fun construction activity for younger children that can be eaten when completed!

Time: 20 minutes + Difficulty:

can be eaten when completed! Time: 20 minutes + Difficulty: Hints: This activity makes a fun
can be eaten when completed! Time: 20 minutes + Difficulty: Hints: This activity makes a fun
can be eaten when completed! Time: 20 minutes + Difficulty: Hints: This activity makes a fun
can be eaten when completed! Time: 20 minutes + Difficulty: Hints: This activity makes a fun
can be eaten when completed! Time: 20 minutes + Difficulty: Hints: This activity makes a fun

Hints: This activity makes a fun party game too. Remember to apply good food rules:

eat, store and discard lollies when appropriate.

food rules: eat, store and discard lollies when appropriate. What you will need: • 30 Toothpicks
food rules: eat, store and discard lollies when appropriate. What you will need: • 30 Toothpicks

What you will need:

30 Toothpicks

12 firm jelly lollies

you will need: • 30 Toothpicks • 12 firm jelly lollies Alternative equipment no.1: • 30

Alternative equipment no.1:

30 Toothpicks

12 mini marshmallows

Alternative equipment no.2:

30 skewers

12 foam balls

1. Take a jelly lolly and insert 5 toothpicks around it to make a star shape.

2. Add a jelly lolly to each of the 5 toothpick ends. The middle lolly will be the apex, or highest point of your dome.

3. Use a new toothpick to join two of the jelly lollies to make a triangle. Continue adding new toothpicks so that all lollies are joined to make a pentagon.

4. Add 2 toothpicks and a jelly lolly to make an equilateral triangle to each edge of the pentagon as shown. You will notice the shape now wants to curve.

5. Gently turn your structure over so the apex is on the underneath. Make 5 more equilateral triangle on the outer sides. The shape will pull inwards creating a dome.

6. Push a toothpick into each of the outer 5 lollies and join to remaining lolly in the centre to finish. Now try adding to and growing your construction.

to finish. Now try adding to and growing your construction. 500 Harris St Ultimo 500 Harris
to finish. Now try adding to and growing your construction. 500 Harris St Ultimo 500 Harris
to finish. Now try adding to and growing your construction. 500 Harris St Ultimo 500 Harris
to finish. Now try adding to and growing your construction. 500 Harris St Ultimo 500 Harris
to finish. Now try adding to and growing your construction. 500 Harris St Ultimo 500 Harris
to finish. Now try adding to and growing your construction. 500 Harris St Ultimo 500 Harris
to finish. Now try adding to and growing your construction. 500 Harris St Ultimo 500 Harris
to finish. Now try adding to and growing your construction. 500 Harris St Ultimo 500 Harris
to finish. Now try adding to and growing your construction. 500 Harris St Ultimo 500 Harris

500 Harris St Ultimo

500 Harris st. Ultimo

PO Box K346 Haymarket NSW 1238

Australia

Australia

Tel: 02 9217 0111

PO Box K346 Haymarket NSW 1238

http://play.powerhousemuseum.com

Tel: 02 6217 0111

http://play.powerhousemuseum.com

Creative Commons Licence for use of this work

This work is licensed under the Creative

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-

Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-

NonCommercial 3.0 Australia Licence (CC BY-NC 3.0 AU)

ShareAlike 2.5 License.

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/au/

THE SCIENCE LAB Make & Do Activity Kit
THE SCIENCE LAB
Make & Do Activity Kit

Marshmallow geodesic dome

Page 2

Make & Do Activity Kit Marshmallow geodesic dome Page 2 2D - 2 dimensional A 2D

2D - 2 dimensional

A 2D shape is flat and has both width and length.

2D shapes get their names from the number of edges they have. A 2D shape is called a regular polygon when all edges and angles are the same.

Regular polygons

3

edges – triangle

4

edges – square

5

edges – pentagon

6

edges – hexagon

8

edges – octagon

Note: A circle is not a polygon because it has no straight edges.

3D - 3 dimensional

A 3D shape has width, height and depth. A 3D

shape has faces, edges and vertices. A face is the flat surface, an edge is formed where 2 faces meet and a vertex is the point formed where 2 edges meet (like a corner).Some 3D shapes gain their names from the number of faces they have.

You can create thousands of different polyhedrons by combining together different combinations of polygons.

There are exactly 5 poly hedrons that exist that have the same number of faces meeting at each vertex. The faces are all the same ploygons as well. These are known as platonic solids. You may have seen them being used as dice.

Platonic solids

(Number of faces, ploygon face and its name)

4

faces – triangle - trahedron

6

faces - square - cube (hexahedron)

8

faces – triangle - octahedron

12

faces - pentagon - Dodecahedron

20

faces - triangle - Icosahedron

- Dodecahedron 20 faces - triangle - Icosahedron What’s going on? A geodesic dome is a
- Dodecahedron 20 faces - triangle - Icosahedron What’s going on? A geodesic dome is a
What’s going on? A geodesic dome is a sphere- like structure composed of a complex
What’s going on? A geodesic dome is a sphere- like structure composed of a complex

What’s going on?

A geodesic dome is a sphere-

like structure composed of a complex network of triangles.

A dome needs to support its own weight as well as rain, wind and other loads. A geodesic dome is very strong because triangles are

very stable shapes. It is difficult to distort a triangle. This is because compression at one joint is balanced

by tension along the opposite edge. The geodesic

dome is made up of many triangles that distribute the loads over all of the triangles in its design.

Glossary

Apex – highest point. The apex is the highest point

of anything such as a mountain or a pyramid.

Face – the flat surface of a 3 dimensional shape.

Polygon - a polygon is a 2d shape with 3 or more straight edges and 3 or more angles. Poly means many and gon means corner.

Regular polygons – each edge has the same length and each angle is the same size.

Equilateral triangle – all edges of an equilateral triangle are of equal length, which makes it a regular polygon.

Triangle – a triangle is a polygon with 3 straight edges and 3 corners.

Pentagon – a pentagon is a shape that has 5 straight edges and 5 angles.

Polyhedron – a polyhedron is a 3 dimensional solid

made up of a collection of polygons usually joined

at the edges. Poly means many and hedron means

seat.

at the edges. Poly means many and hedron means seat. 500 Harris St Ultimo 500 Harris
at the edges. Poly means many and hedron means seat. 500 Harris St Ultimo 500 Harris

500 Harris St Ultimo

500 Harris st. Ultimo

PO Box K346 Haymarket NSW 1238

Australia

Australia

Tel: 02 9217 0111

PO Box K346 Haymarket NSW 1238

http://play.powerhousemuseum.com

Tel: 02 6217 0111

http://play.powerhousemuseum.com

Creative Commons Licence for use of this work

This work is licensed under the Creative

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-

Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-

NonCommercial 3.0 Australia Licence (CC BY-NC 3.0 AU)

ShareAlike 2.5 License.

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/au/

THE SCIENCE LAB Make & Do Activity Kit
THE SCIENCE LAB
Make & Do Activity Kit

Marshmallow geodesic dome

Page 3

• What else can i do? Construct other 3D shapes. You can create many different
What else can i do?
Construct other 3D shapes.
You can create many different shapes. Using the guides below, try making a
• cube
• prism
• tetrahedron
• pyramid
Which of these shapes is the strongest? Record your observations below each example.
the strongest? Record your observations below each example. 500 Harris St Ultimo 500 Harris st. Ultimo

500 Harris St Ultimo

500 Harris st. Ultimo

PO Box K346 Haymarket NSW 1238

Australia

Australia

Tel: 02 9217 0111

PO Box K346 Haymarket NSW 1238

http://play.powerhousemuseum.com

Tel: 02 6217 0111

http://play.powerhousemuseum.com

Creative Commons Licence for use of this work

This work is licensed under the Creative

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-

Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-

NonCommercial 3.0 Australia Licence (CC BY-NC 3.0 AU)

ShareAlike 2.5 License.

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/au/