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# ZCT 104/3 Modern Physics Semester II, Academic Year 2012/2013 School of Physics, Universiti Sains Malaysia Test

## Dr. Ng / Dr. Yoon

Answer all questions. Objective questions. (100 marks) 1 correct = 5 makrs ; 1 wrong = minus 2 marks. Instruction: Answers all the questions on this form. 1.

## Minimum marks = zero.

The basic postulate of Einstein's theory of relativity is (are): I. II. III. IV. moving clocks run more slowly than when they are at rest. moving rods are shorter than when they are at rest. the laws of physics must appear the same to all observers moving with uniform velocity. everything is relative. B. I, II, III E. IV C. I, II, IV

## A. I, II, III, IV D. III 2.

An electron moves in the laboratory with a speed of 0.6c. An observer moves with a velocity of 0.8c in the opposite direction of the electron. What is the energy (in MeV) of the electron as determined by the observer? A. 0.043 B. 0.141 C. 0.652 D. 1.065 E. 1.688

3.

The ultraviolet catastrophe states that: A. B. C. D. E. all objects should radiate extreme amounts of ultraviolet light. as an object gets hotter its light will change from dull red to blue white. a black body can absorb an infinite amount of radiation if the radiation is in the ultraviolet region. the radiated energy approaches zero as the wavelength approaches zero. All of the above.

4.

Each light source of red, blue, yellow, and infrared emit light with a power of 50 mW. Which light source emits more photons per second? A. The red source. C. The yellow source. E. They all emit the same number per second. B. The blue source. D. The infrared source.

5.

In a photoelectric effect experiment, if the wavelength of the incident light source is doubled, which of the following statements are true? I. II. III. IV. The saturated photocurrent remains unchanged. The stopping potential becomes smaller. The maximum kinetic energy of the photoelectrons will decrease. The work function of the material becomes larger.

## B. I, II, III, IV E. I, III

C. II, IV

In the Compton effect, if a photon is scattered at a particular angle, the resulting shift in wavelength for the scattered photon A. B. C. D. E. is greater for a higher energy incident photon. is never the same for incident energy photons. depends on the wavelength of the incident photon. is the same for all incident energy photons. is less for a higher energy incident photon.

7.

Which of the following statements is (are) true regarding an electron-positron pair annihilation process? I. II. III. IV. The electrons linear momentum must be equal in magnitude but opposite to that of the positron. The resultant product can be a neutrino-antineutrino pair. The resultant product can be a proton-antiproton pair. The resultant product can consist of only a single photon. B. I, II, IV E. None of A, B, C, D. C. I, II, III

## A. II, III D. I, III, IV 8.

Which of the following statements is (are) true regarding the duality of an electron? I. II. III. IV. A. I, II D. III, IV Electron behaves like wave in a Young double-slit experiment. Electron behaves like particle in the TV cathode-ray tube. Electron behaves like wave in the Compton scattering effect experiment. Electron behaves like particle in the photoelectric effect experiment. B. I, III, IV E. None of A, B, C, D C. I, II, IV

9.

A proton and an electron are both accelerated to the same final kinetic energy. If p is the de Broglie wavelength of the proton and e is the de Broglie wavelength of the electron, then A. C. E.

p < e p = e
Not enough data to answer this question.

B. D.

p > e
impossible to determine

10.

Which of the following statement(s) is(are) true according to the uncertainty principle? I. II. III. IV. It is impossible to simultaneously determine both the position and the momentum of a particle along the same axis with arbitary accuracy. It is impossible to simultaneously measure both the energy and the position of a particle with arbitary accuracy. It is impossible to determine a particles energy with arbitary accuracy in a finite amount of time. It is impossible to measure the position of a particle with arbitary accuracy in a finite amount of time. B. I, III, IV E. III, IV C. I, II

## A. I, II, III, IV D. II, III Answer: II, III (Bonus)

11.

If a neutron spontaneously decays into a proton, an electron and a neutrino (which is massless), the decay products are observed to have a total kinetic energy of Ek. If the proton mass is MP and the electron mass is me how large is the neutron mass? A. ( M P + me ) D.

Ek c2
2

B.
2

Ek ( M P + me ) c2

C. M P + me +

Ek c2

( M P + me )

Ek + 2 c

E. None of A, B, C, D

12.

Constancy of the speed of light in all inertial reference systems implies that A x 2 + y 2 + z 2 + c 2t 2 = x '2 + y '2 + z '2 + c 2t '2 B. C. D. E.

x 2 + y 2 + z 2 c 2t 2 = x '2 + y '2 + z '2 c 2t '2 x + y + z ct = x '+ y '+ z ' ct ' x + y + z + ct = x '+ y '+ z '+ ct '
None of A, B, C, D

13.

Which of the following statement(s) is (are) true according to the special theory of relativity? I. II. III. IV. A massless particle can travel at the speed lower than the speed of light. A particle with non-zero mass does not necessarily travel at the speed smaller than that of light. The rest mass of a moving object changes when it is moving. It requires an infinite amount of energy to accelerate a massive object to the speed of light B. I, II, III, IV E. None of A, B, C, D C. I, II, III

## A. I, III, IV D. IV only 14.

Which of the following statement(s) is (are) true about photon? I. II. III. IV. A. II, III D. I, II A photon will either be absorbed or otherwise when interacts with matter. Photons have mass. Photons have electric charge. Photons can be accelerated via an electric field. B. I, II, IV E. None of A, B, C, D C. II, III, IV

15.

Say a beam of light has an intensity of I (i.e. the total energy per unit area per unit time) and frequency . What is the photon density, n (i.e. the number of photon per unit volume), of the light beam? A. (hc)2/I2 D. I2/(hc)2 B. hc/I E. None of A, B, C, D C. I/(hc)

16.

Consider a proton and an electron, both moving at a common speed, v. Let Kp and Ke denote the the proton and electrons kinetic energy respectively. Which of the following statement(s) is (are) true? I. II. III. Kp = (mp/me)Ke for v << c. Kp = (mp/me)Ke for v close to c. Kp > Ke for all values of v < c.

IV.

The ratio of Kp/Ke depends on the magnitude of v. B. IV only E. None of A, B, C, D C. II, III

## A. I, II, III D. II, IV 17.

Which of the following statement(s) is (are) true regarding X-rays? I. II. III. X-ray can be used to determine the geometry of the lattice of a crystal. X-rays can be produced by bombarding a metal target with electrons accelerated by an electric potential field of 10,000 V. Tungsten and molybdenum, two types of material usually used as target material in an Xrays tube, give off different min of X-rays when the X-ray tube is operating at a common potential V. X-rays behave like wave in Braggs diffraction of X-ray by a crystal lattice. B. I, II, III E. None of A, B, C, D. C. I, II, IV

IV.

## A. I, II, III, IV D. III, IV 18.

Which of the following statement(s) is (are) true regarding photoelectric effect? I. II. III. IV. The photoelectric effect requires special theory of relativity for an explanation. In a typical photoelectric effect experiment the energy involved is usually relativistic. The probability of photoelectric effect to occur in a metal target would diminish when the energy of the striking photon becomes increasingly relativistic. The saturation photoelectric current increases as the energy of incident photons increases (with the radiation fixed at a constant intensity).

## B. I, II, III E. None of A, B, C, D.

C. I, II, IV

Which of the following statement(s) is (are) true regarding the decay of a pion (initially at rest) into a neutrino (assumed massless) and a muon: + . I. II. III. IV. A. I, III D. II, IV The decay is possible only if the mass of pion is larger than the mass of muon. The momentum of neutrino and the momentum of muon have the same magnitude. The kinetic energy of neutrino is the same as that of the muon. The decay is possible only if the mass of pion is equal to the mass of muon. B. II, III, IV E. None of A, B, C, D C. I, II

20.

Which of the following statement(s) is (are) true regarding waves and particles? I. II. III. IV. A. I, III D. III, IV Waves interfere but matter does not. Waves interfere, so does matter . Classically, the energy carried by the EM waves is continuous. Classically, the energy carried by the EM waves is discrete. B. I, IV E. None of A, B, C, D C. II, IV

ZCT 104/3 Modern Physics Semester II, Academic Year 2012/2013 School of Physics, Universiti Sains Malaysia Test 08 May 2013 Duration: 1 hour Name: Matrices No.: Class:

## Dr. Ng / Dr. Yoon

Answer all questions. Objective questions. (100 marks) 1 correct = 5 makrs; 1 wrong = minus 2 marks. Instruction: Answers all the questions on this form.

## Minimum marks = zero.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24.

Correct

Wrong

Total Marks