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International Journal of Scientific Research in Knowledge (IJSRK), 1(6), pp. 148-153, 2013 Available online at http://www.ijsrpub.

com/ijsrk ISSN: 2322-4541; 2013 IJSRPUB http://dx.doi.org/10.12983/ijsrk-2013-p148-153

Full Length Research Paper Compare the Application of Symmetry Elements (5s) in the Department of Youth and Sports, Isfahan Province
Ghasem Rahimi1, Narges Ghodusi1, Alireza Zamani2, Mohammad Goli3*
Department of Sport Science, Khorasgan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran Department of Sport Science, Dehaghan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran 3 Department of Food Science & Technology, Khorasgan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran *Corresponding author: Email: mgolifood@yahoo.com; Tel: +98-9132252910 Fax: +98-3115354060
2 1

Received 19 April 2013; Accepted 11 May 2013

Abstract. In developing industrial society and entering the age of information and communication, we should seek more efficient and more profitable solutions foreign creasing the efficiency, effectiveness to access the best services. 5s, which is born of Japanese thinking and meaning the symmetry, is considered by all companies and organizations around the world. The present paper aims to compare employing 5s components in Department of Youth and Sports of Isfahan. This study first defines the concepts of 5S, importance of 5S system and discussed on its application in the organizations and workplace, then proceeds on determining the components of 5S in Isfahan Department of Youth and Sports. This study use library resources and questions tools to collect information in this area and is attempting to determine the importance of employing 5s component at the workplace. The present statistical community of research includes managers, assistants and all the experts and administrative staff of the Department of Youth and Sports in Isfahan, which have been working in central office formally and contractually since 2012. According to the mentioned Personnel Department, the number of its personnel has reported total of 130. In this paper, analyzing methods are based on hotelling test for comparing samples with each other and Paired T test to compare components two by two. Key words: Organization, Order and regularity, Cleanliness, Standardize, Discipline

1. INTRODUCTION Arrangement and safety are the most important factors to succeed in organization. The role of arrangement in work environment is considered in all management and elevation organization. According to benefits of discipline, head organization does serious and effective measure. In this way, different models related to equipment of environment are performed, but the hidden discipline in Japans culture effect on developing a model for discipline, clean lines, keep and improving of culture within an organization. Such things are as an arrangement model. Bs. producing of desirable condition in work environment is possible when we do these 5s teaches, factors (clean lines, discipline, headedness, standards), and time management. This method is an emphasis on organized, clean, standard environment. There for according to emphasize on simple and basic meanings understanding of this method is too simple but for perform and do the best we must collaborate with each other in this research, we try to compare the arrangement organization factors (5s) in Isfahan physical education organization in order to these subjects, each factor be effective and impressive in developing. Therefore the investigator tries to

compare these factors separately. in fact, at the end of this research this organization does best things to develop method and to decrease expenses. SEIR organizes: recognize of essential things from optional things its a factor in organization work environment and this means that separate essential papers and information through the optional and fewer things away repairmen replacement or correcting the defects and faults (Syahati, 2009). EITON(order and regularity):arrange the best place for essential things this is the second factor in arrangement of work environment, and it means that we must organize papers and information and find the best place for them in order to classify them easily. This factor tries to arrange to distinguish and clean place for all of essential things, and then to put them away in right place (Bakhshinik, 2011). SEISO (cleanliness): clean, keep, coloring and beautify the work environment. This is the third factor in work environment, and it is the main that we prevent pollution, keep environment, people, property clean, and control pollution. Then main goal is cleaning of work environment and essential things; It means that we remove all the dust completely (Nazeri, 2008).

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SEIKETSU (Standardize): standardize the best effective situation from performing of the previous step. As a 4th S, the goal of this step is keeping, standardize, and preventing from this present order and regularity (Takashi 2005). SHITSUKE (Discipline): create an educating, copra ting, discipline system and inspection for protecting the best present situation. In this step, people can protect discipline and arrangement as the main factor by education and progress, with each other for protecting the cleanliness and discipline (Akhavan, 2009). According to important for increasing the operation with using arrangement organization (5S), some research and don in or out of our country. Aghayi et al. (2011) in an investigation of the title of "examination of the 5s role in improving the police officer" found that considering to this meaning cause to increase motivation organization culture organization cooperation improve exploitation decrease wastes increase speed improve service develop quality improve staff's morale and increase safety. Delavar et al. (2009) in a research under the title of" establish an operating method in a producing office can recognize the main factors of improving process and removing waste's factors that causing to decrease Exploitation and increasing expenses, and they can delete them. At the end of the investigation they result in that method would be the part of this organization. Mokremi (2009) found that 5s organization is a kind of change, and it cause several benefits for organization. Some benefits are work discipline time management with quick access to equipment sources and information. Anderes (2010) in what is the 5s method found that 5s method help industries to improve their work environment with this method. They use standards to evaluate efficiency and to each to production level. also sample essential abilities for people working in special regions. Boyko (2010) in how to improve daily activities with 5s"shows that 5s is a method increase efficiency and competition of work environment. He found that 5s is the first strategy to adjust with pure production. Demers (2010) in pure philosophies found that pure management is in demand by many industrious services that follow this method to gain some flexibility to competition remove wastes high producing speed and decrease assets the goal of this conception is quick to respond to customer's necessities.

2. MATHERIALS AND METHODS 2.1. Research Method According to this, research wants to compare the efficiency of arrangement factors(5S) in Isfahan physical education organization. So this research is a comparative type. 2.2. Statistical sample The statistical sample of this research contained manager's assistants and all experts of Isfahan physical education organization. The numbers of these staffs are 130 persons. 2.3. Sample and sample method The numbers of this sample according to Morgan's table (1972) are 92 numbers. This is an accidental sample. 2.4. Measure equipment Arrangement work environment questionnaires(5S)that are prepared with professors of university. In this questionnaire, we evaluate organization order and regularity cleanliness standard and discipline factors and also contained people's characteristics such as sexuality age educational employment situation and years of service. This questionnaire contained 60 questions without the name. 2.5. Data analysis method In this research, we use descriptive and deductive statistics for describing of sample. In descriptive statics, we describe data with using reference percentage average meditation deviation standard and diagrams. In deductive statistics, we use Kalmograph Esmirnof test for reliability of grade samples, and we use Levin's test for reliability of existence of variance homogeneity and if parametric statistics are existed we should use one variable (+) test for comparing grade of each factor and use factor variance analysis are performed with 16 versions of SPSS software and 5% fault. 3. RESEARH FINDINGS According to normal aspect distribution pre-condition and variance homogeneity, we can be parametric test for analysis of questions. In this research, we use

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variable (+) test considering three assumptive average and (+) Hotelling.

At first we use kalmograph test for being sure about normal grade distribution. The results shows being in table (1).

Table 1: kalmograph test results normal sample distribution conjecture Factor k-s-z P Work environment organization 0.627 0.665 Order and regularity 0.762 0.607 Clean lines 0.778 0.580 Standardize 0.730 0.661 Discipline 0.040 0.227 According to result of table (1) K-S-Z in P<=0 is not significant. As a result the numbers are normal grade distribution. Also we use Levin's test for being assured about variance homogeneity the result are being in table(2).

Table 2: organization arrangement factors of grade variance according to Factor Levin test DF1 DF2 P Organization 1.38 35 21 0.158 Order and regularity 0.956 35 41 0.551 Clean lines 1.18 35 41 0.311 Standardize 1.11 35 41 0.371 Discipline 1.300 35 41 0.91 According to dates of the table number of two shown, Levin's test its sign homogeneity in all the order's organs factors. Table 3 shows the average number of existing situation of organization in work environment arrangement.

Table 3: the average number of existing situation of organization in work environment arrangement with supposed average3
Factor Organization Average 3.39 Norm deviation 0.626 Mistake deviation 0.065 T 6.05 P 0.001

According to the table 3, it was t show that from amount of the table's number in the level of mistakenness is higher 5%. So existing situation of organization in work environment arrangement are higher than medium level.

Table 4 shows the average number of existing situation of order and regularity in work environment arrangement with a supposed average.

Table 4: the average number of existing situation of order and regularity in work environment arrangement with supposed average3
Factor order and regularity average 3.42 Norm deviation 0.650 Mistake deviation 0.067 T 6.32 P 0.001

According to the table 4, it was t show that from amount of the table number in the level of mistakenness is higher 5%. So existing situation of order and regularity in work environment arrangement are higher than medium level.

Table 5 shows the average number of existing situation of cleanliness in work environment arrangement with supposed average.

Table 5: the average number of existing situation of cleanliness in work environment arrangement with supposed average3 Factor Average Norm deviation Mistake deviation T P 3.46 0.767 0.080 5.57 0.001 Cleanliness

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According to the table 5 it was t shows that from amount of the table number in the level of mistakenness are higher 5%. So existing situation of cleanliness in work environment arrangement are higher than a medium level.

Table 6 shows the average numbers of existing situation of standardize in work environment arrangement with supposed average.

Table 6: the average number of existing situation of standardize in work environment arrangement with supposed average3
Factor Standardize Average 3.12 Norm deviation 0.812 Mistake deviation 0.084 T 1.46 P 0.001

According to the table 6, it was t show that from amount of the table number in the level of mistakenness is smaller 5%. So existing situation of standardize in work environment arrangement are higher than the medium level.

Table 7 shows the average number of existing situation of discipline in work environment arrangement with supposed average.

Table 7: the average number of existing situation of discipline in work environment arrangement with supposed average
Factor Discipline Average 3.99 Norm deviation 0.491 Mistake deviation 0.051 T 19.37 P 0.001

According to the table 7, it was shown that from the amount to the table number in the level of mistakenness is higher 5%. So existing situation of

discipline in work environment arrangement are higher than the medium level.

Table 8: the compose average numbers of organization


Sig Df2 Df1 Mistake deviation Norm deviation 0.626 0.650 0.767 0.812 0.491 Average 3.39 3.42 3.46 3.12 3.99 factore Organization Order and regularity cleanliness standardize Discipline

0.000

29.113

88

According to the result from the table 8, it was show at the level of p<=0.05 was meaningful. So there is the difference between the organization of the order

ingredients the higher order related to the discipline and the lower of it related to the standardization.

Table 9: the Compared to the average component couple Adornment work Meaning level Difference between Second factor First factor average 0.339 Order and regularity organization 0.520 -0.652 Cleanliness organization -0.326 0.270 Standardize organization *0.001 -0.597 Discipline organization *0.001 -0.312 Cleanliness Order and regularity 0.629 0.350 Standardize Order and regularity *0.001 -0.563 Discipline Order and regularity *0.001 0.336 Standardize cleanliness *0.001 -0.532 Discipline cleanliness *0.001 0.868 Discipline standardize *0.001 *The difference is meaningful. - According to data from the table (9), there is meaningful difference between the organization with standardize [P=0.001]. In order word the averages of organization meaningfully are more than standardize. - According to data from the table (9), there is meaningful difference between the organization with discipline [P=0.001]. In order word the averages of organization meaningfully are more than discipline - According to data from the Table (9), there is meaningful difference between the order and

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regularity with standardize [P=0.001]. In order word the averages of order and regularity meaningfully are more than standardize. - According to data from the table (9), there is meaningful difference between the order and regularity with discipline [P=0.001]. In order word the averages of order and regularity meaningfully are more than discipline. - According to data from the table (9), there is meaningful difference among the cleanliness with standardize [P=0.001]. In order word the averages of cleanliness meaningfully are more than standardize. - According to data from the table (9), there is meaningful difference between the cleanliness with discipline [P=0.001]. In order word the averages of cleanliness meaningfully are more than discipline - According to data from the table (9), there is meaningful difference among the standardize with discipline [P=0.001]. In order word the averages of standardize meaningfully are more than discipline. 4. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION Experience shows that one of the secrets of the successful department is to make better the benefit of product. Comprehensive usefulness depends on the experienced and interested employer. At the other end actually the most important goal of the [5S]is to make better the work of the employer ( kazemi and Kasaee2001). According to this reasons the employer becomes interested in working and continuing these jobs and it became their most important goal. As a result, we com rename the [5S]as one of the powerful parts in improving the usage of the employer in the office of the sport and youthfulness for increasing the learning in organ. This research was done to try to compare the amount of usage of the order ingredient in office of sport and youthfulness of the Isfahan and with collecting its conclusion to the work. in this research, the result of the tables 3 to eight shows the amount of usage of the order ingredient in office of the sport and youthfulness of Isfahan that is higher than the medium level and related to the discipline purity order reform and standard ingredient so the lower amount of the usage of the order related to usage of the order related to the discipline ingredient. According to the result from the research, this organ needs to improve the level of the standardization in the work place. In order to improve the deeds because standardization is one of the important principles in becoming one organ

into the successful institute [5S] is one of the important instruments that uses in the industry factory in order to increase the amount of reliance of the derive increase of their usage and immune use of them. Standardization in the organs leads to the increase in the immune condition decrease of the dangerous benefit decrease as the price and waste increase of the effectiveness satisfy of the customer improve the operation and at the end in the good management. so according to the important role of this subject and because of the lower level of standardization in the office of sport and youthfulness of Isfahan and for improving the quality to the work and increasing in the effectiveness of the organs this office needs to use of the new and effective ways in order to increase the level of standardization. REFERENCES Aghayi M, Aghayi A (2011). Examination of 5s role in improving of police officers operation. SID, 5(18): 81-102 Akhavan P (2009). Arrangement organization (5s) in personal computer. Tadbir, 214: 84-87 Anderes M (2010). What is the 5S method. Available from: http:// www.articlese.com/technologyarticles/ what is the 5s method-1878520. html. Bakhshi-nik N (2008). Pitch of 5S workplace adornment in the corporate headquarters. BETSA.1-9 Boyko J. 2010. 5S your office-How to improve your daily productivity. Available from: http//www. Articlesbase. Com /1771935. html. Delavar S, Forghani MA, Molahoseini A (2009). Kaizen operational deployment in a manufacturing company. Tadbir, 207: 61-66 Demers J (2010). The lean philosophy. Available from: http: //www.management mage.com/index. cfm /ci-id/3129/la-id/I.htm. Kazemi A, Kasaee M (2001). Operation and production management. Tehran Publications Samt. Mokremi A (2009). Arrangement in work environment. Quarterly Saderat Bank, 51:74-79 Nazeri P (2008). Kaizen or continuous improvement. Iranian Meli Bank, 146:56-58 Syahati M (2009). Kaizen. Research project of Hormozgan university. BETSA, PP: 1-61 Takashi O (2005). Five principles to achieve high quality work. (Translated by Alireza Alinaqi, Ahmad reza Zinat bakhsh), Tehran: Publications Koohsar.

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Assistant Professor Dr. Ghasem Rahimi obtained his first degree from University Isfahan in Iran in physical education and sport science. He later pursued master degree in physical education and sport science in Islamic Azad University, Tehran markaz Branch, Iran. Dr. Rahimi received his doctorate from Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran in the sport management field. He is teaching in Islamic Azad University, khorasgan branch, Isfahan, Iran now. He has published numerous refereed articles in professional journals. He also has conducted numerous consultancies and research works at a national and international level. His vast experience in sport management has enabled him to conduct numerous talks and seminars at a national and international level.

Narges Ghodusi is a M.S. student in sport science at Islamic Azad University, khorasgan branch, Isfahan, Iran. She received his first degree from Payamenor University, Najafabad, Iran with Bachelor of Science in sport science. Her current activity is focused on sport training associated with women in Sama at Najafabad University, Isfahan, Iran. To date, he has published several scientific articles related to sporting management field.

Alireza zamani is a member of faculty in physical education & sport sciences at Islamic Azad University, Dehaghan branch in Iran. He graduated from Islamic Azad University, Khorasgan branch. He had many publishing about management and methods of research on physical education and sport sciences.

Assistant Professor Dr. Mohammad Goli obtained his first degree in food science and technology from Isfahan University of Technology, Iran in 1996. He later pursued master degree in food science and technology from Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran in 1998. Dr. Goli received his doctorate in the food science and technology field from Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran in 2011. He is the Editorial Board of Caspian Journal of Applied Sciences Research. He is a faculty member at the department of food science & technology, Islamic Azad University, khorasgan branch, Isfahan, Iran now. He also has conducted numerous research works in dairy technology at a national and international level. He has published several refereed articles in professional journals.

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