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SULIT 4541/3

Name 4541/3 Chemistry Kertas 3 Jun 1 1/2 hours PERSIDANGAN KEBANGSAAN PENGETUA-PENGETUA SEKOLAH MENENGAH MALAYSIA (PKPSM) CAWANGAN KELANTAN ____________________________________________________________ PEPERIKSAAN KENDALIAN BERASASKAN SEKOLAH SIJIL PELAJARAN MALAYSIA 2010 Form

CHEMISTRY Kertas 3 Satu jam tiga puluh minit

JANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAN INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU 1. Tuliskan nama dan tingkatan pada ruang yang disediakan. 2. Kertas soalan ini adalah dalam dwi bahasa.. 3. Calon hendaklah membaca arahan pada halaman 2 dan 3. Untuk kegunaan pemeriksa sahaja Markah Markah Soalan Penuh diperolehi 1 2 33 17

Jumlah

50

Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 9 halaman bercetak

4541/3

[ Lihat sebelah SULIT

INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. This question paper consists of two questions. Answer all questions. Write your answer for Question 1 in the spaces provided in the question paper. You may use equations, diagrams, tables, graph and other suitable methods to explain your answer. Show your working, it may help you to get marks. If you wish to change your answer, neatly cross out the answer that you have done. Then write down the new answer. The diagrams in the questions are not drawn to scale unless stated. Marks allocated for each question or part question are shown in brackets. The time suggested to answer each of the questions is 45 minutes. You may use a non-programmable scientific calculator. Hand in your answer sheets at the end of the examination.

Marks awarded : Mark 3 2 Excellent Satisfactory Description : The best response : An average response

1 0

Weak

: An inaccurately response

No response or wrong response

Answer all question.


1. The table below shows the data obtained in two experiments carried out by a student to investigate the effect of catalyst on the rate of reaction between hydrochloric acid and zinc. 5 g of excess zinc powder was used in both experiments. Jadual di bawah menunjukkan data yang diperolehi dalam dua eksperimen yang dijalankan oleh seorang pelajar untuk mengkaji kesan mangkin terhadap kadar tindak balas bagi tindak balas di antara asid hidroklorik dengan zink. 5 g serbuk zink berlebihan telah digunakan dalam kedua-dua eksperimen.

0 Volume of hydrogen gas collected in Experiment 1/ cm3 Isipadu gas hidrogen yang terkumpul dalam Eksperimen 1 / cm3 Volume of hydrogen gas collected in Experiment 2/ cm3 Isipadu gas hidrogen yang terkumpul dalam Eksperimen 2 / cm3 Experiment 1: Eksperimen 1:

Time/ minutes 1 2 4

0.00

13.00

23.00

40.00

0.00

28.00

36.00

40.00

40.00

Zinc was added to 50 cm3 of 0.1 mol dm-3 hydrochloric acid. The total volume of gas produced was recorded. Zink telah ditambahkan ke dalam 50 cm3 asid hidroklorik 0.1 mol dm-3. Isipadu gas yang terbebas direkodkan. Experiment 2: Eksperimen 2: Zinc was added to 50 cm3 of 0.1 mol dm-3 hydrochloric acid with a few drops of copper(II) sulphate solution. The total volume of gas produced was recorded. Zink telah ditambahkan ke dalam 50 cm3 asid hidroklorik 0.1 mol dm-3dengan beberapa titis larutan kuprum(II) sulfat. Isipadu gas yang terbebas direkodkan.

Diagram 1 shows the burette reading at 0 minute and 4 minutes respectively in Experiment 1. Rajah 1 menujukkan bacaan buret pada 0 minit dan 4 minit masing-masing dalam Eksperimen 1. At 0 minute // Pada 0 minit

50

49

Water Air At 4 minute // Pada 4 minit Zinc Zink

Hydrochloric acid Asid hidroklorik

28

27

Water Air Zinc Zink Diagram 1 Rajah 1

Hydrochloric acid Asid hidroklorik

(a)

Based on Diagram 1, determine the value of X, the volume of gas collected at 4 minute in Experiment 1. Berdasarkan Rajah 1, tentukan nilai X, isipadu gas yang terkumpul pada 4 minit dalam Eksperimen 1. Burette reading at 0 minute : cm3 Bacaan buret pada 0 minit Burette reading at 4 minute : cm3 Bacaan buret pada 4 minit Volume of gas at 4 minute : cm3 Isipadu gas pada 4 minit [3 marks]
[KK0503-measuring and using numbers]

(b)

State three observations that you could obtain from Diagram 1. Nyatakan tiga pemerhatian yang dapat diperolehi dari Rajah 1. 1. 2. 3. [3 marks]
[KK0501-observing]

(c)

Which of the experiment produces the higher rate of reaction? Explain your answer. Eksperimen manakah menghasilkan kadar tindak balas yang lebih tinggi? Terangkan jawapan anda. [3 marks]
[KK0504-inferring]

(d)

Copper(II) sulphate solution is used as catalyst in Experiment 2. What is operational definition for catalyst? Larutan kuprum(II) sulfat digunakan sebagai mangkin dalam Eksperimen 2. Apakah definasi secara operasi bagi mangkin? [3 marks]
[KK0509-defining operationally]

(e) Based on the experiment, complete the table below. Berdasarkan eksperimen, lengkapkan jadual di bawah. Manipulated variable: Pembolehubah dimanipulasikan: Method to manipulate the variable: Cara memanipulasikan pembolehubah:

Responding variable: Pembolehubah bergerak balas:

How the variable is responding: Bagaimana pembolehubah ini bergerak balas:

Fixed variable: Pembolehubah dimalarkan:

Method to maintain the fixed variable: Cara menetapkan pembolehubah dimalarkan:

[6 marks]
[KK0510 Controlling variables]

(f)

State one hypothesis for the experiment. Nyatakan satu hipotesis bagi eksperimen itu. [3 marks]
[KK0511-hypothesising]

(g)(i) Draw a graph of volume of hydrogen gas collected against time on the graph paper below. You should used the same axes for both experiments. Label the curve 1 and 2 based on the experiment number. Lukiskan graf isipadu gas hidrogen yang terkumpul melawan masa di atas kertas graf di bawah. Anda perlu menggunakan paksi yang sama bagi kedua-dua eksperimen. Tandakan lengkung 1 dan 2 berdasarkan nombor eksperimen. [3 marks]
[KK0506-communicating]

Graph of volume of hydrogen gas collected against time. Graf isipadu gas hidrogen yang terkumpul melawan masa.

(ii)

Use your graph to estimate the volume of gas collected in each experiment after three minutes. Show clearly on your graph how you worked out your answer. Gunakan graf untuk mengganggarkan isipadu gas yang terkumpul dalam setiap eksperimen selepas tiga minit. Tunjukkan dengan jelas bagaimana anda memperolehi jawapan anda. Volume of gas collected after 3 minutes in: Isipadu gas yang terkumpul selepas tiga minit dalam : Experiment 1, cm3 Eksperimen 1 Experiment 2, cm3 Eksperimen 2 [3 marks]
[KK0505-predicting]

(h)

Suggest why the rate of hydrogen production slows down towards the end of each experiment. Cadangkan kenapa kadar penghasilan hidrogen berkurangan di akhir setiap eksperimen. [3 marks]
[KK0507-using space-time relationship]

(i)

Using ideas of collission theory, explain why the time recorded to collect maximum volume of hydrogen gas in Experiment 2 was different from the Experiment 1. Dengan menggunakan teori perlanggaran, terangkan mengapa masa yang dicatatkan bagi mengumpul isipadu maksimum gas hidrogen dalam Eksperimen 2 adalah berbeza dengan Eksperimen 1. [3 marks]
[KK0508-interpreting data]

Copper key can easily bent by hand. Key made of an alloy of copper with tin and zinc cannot be bent easily. Kunci kuprum boleh dibengkokkan dengan mudah menggunakan tangan. Kunci yang diperbuat daripada aloi kuprum dengan stanum dan zink tidak boleh dibengkokkan dengan mudah. . 2. Referring to the above statement, plan a laboratory experiment to investigate the effect of alloy formation on the hardness of metal. Berdasarkan situasi di atas , rancang satu eksperimen makmal untuk mengkaji kesan pengaloian terhadap kekerasan logam. Your planning should include the following aspects: Perancangan anda hendaklah mengandungi aspek-aspek berikut: (a) Problem statement Pernyataan masalah (b) All the variables Semua pembolehubah (c) Statement of hypothesis Pernyataan hipotesis (d) List of materials and apparatus Senarai bahan dan alat radas (e) Procedure of the experiment Prosedur eksperimen (f) Tabulation of data Penjadualan data [17 marks] END OF QUESTION PAPER KERTAS SOALAN TAMAT