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GRE Vocabulary



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Abscond (v) To depart suddenly and secretly, as for the purpose of escaping arrest. Adversity - (n) Hardship, difficulty; opposition Aggravate (v) to make worse/intensify something Arduous (adj) hard to do, requiring much effort Belie (v) to contradict, to give a false impression Bombast - (n) speech or writing that sounds grand or important but has little meaning Castigation (n) Severe criticism or punishment Censure (v) to criticize harshly Chicanery (n) trickery, fraud, deception Coercive (adj) Forcing someone to do something against their will; intimidate Condemn (v) to express strong disapproval of Conspire (v) to plan together secretly to do something wrong or illegal Covert (adj) secret or hidden Cower (v) To crouch or shrink away from in fear or shame Craven (adj) lacking courage-coward Denigrate (v)to attack the reputation of; to speak ill of Denounce (v) to criticize publicly Discomfit (v) to embarrass, unsettle Disingenuous (adj) not candid; insincere; not honest Exacerbate (v) to make (a problem, bad situation, or negative feeling) worse. Fraud (n) a deliberate deception intended to produce unlawful gain Garrulous (adj) talkative, rambling Impudent (adj) disrespectful, characterized by improper bold behavior Inopportune (adj) coming at a bad time; not appropriate Irascible (adj) easily angered; prone to temperamental outbursts Martial (n) associated with war and the armed forces Misanthrope (n) a person who hates or despises people Obdurate - (adj) stubborn; hardhearted Onerous (adj) troubling; burdensome Perjury (n) lying under oath Provoke (v) anger, arouse, bring to action Recalcitrant (adj/n) marked by stubborn resistance to and defiant of authority or guidance Secrete (v) to ensconce, conceal, or stow Squander (v) to spend foolishly, waste Abate - (v) to lessen in intensity or degree Accolade - (n) an expression of praise Adulation - (n) excessive praise; intense adoration Aesthetic - (adj.) dealing with, appreciative of, or responsive to art or the beautiful Ameliorate - (v) to make better or make more tolerable Ascetic - (n) one who practice rigid self-denial, esp. as an act of religious devotion Avarice - (n) greed, esp. for wealth Axiom - (n) a universally recognized principle Burgeon - (v) to grow rapidly or flourish Bucolic - (adj.) rustic and pastoral; characteristic of rural areas and their inhabitants 3|Page

45. Cacophony - (n) harsh, jarring, discordant sound; dissonance 46. Canon - (n) an established set of principles or code of laws, often religious in nature 47. Catalyst - (n) a substance that accelerates the rate of a chemical reaction without itself changing; a person or thing that cause change 48. Caustic - (adj) burning or stinging; causing corrosion 49. Chary - (adj.) wary, cautious, sparing 50. Cogent - (adj.) appealing forcibly to the mind or reason; convincing 51. Complaisance - (n) the willingness to comply with the wishes of others 52. Contentious - (adj.) argumentative; quarrelsome; causing controversy or disagreement 53. Contrite - (adj.) regretful; penitent; seeking forgiveness 54. Culpable - (adj.) deserving blame 55. Dearth - (n) smallness of quantity or number; scarcity; a lack 56. Demur - (v) to question or oppose 57. Didactic - (adj.) intended to teach or instruct 58. Discretion - (n) cautious reserve in speech; ability to make responsible decisions 59. Dogmatic - (adj.) expressing a rigid opinion based on unproved or unprovable principles 60. Ebullience - (n) the quality of lively or enthusiastic expression of thoughts and feelings 61. Eclectic - (adj.) composed of elements drawn from various sources 62. Elegy - (n) a mournful poem, esp. one lamenting the dead 63. Emollient - (adj./n.) soothing, esp. to the skin; making less harsh; mollifying; an agent that softens or smooths the skin 64. Empirical - (adj.) based on observation or experiment 65. Enigmatic - (adj.) mysterious; obscure; difficult to understand 66. Ephemeral - (adj.) brief;fleeting 67. Esoteric - (adj.) intended for or understood by a small, specific group 68. Eulogy - (n) a speech honoring the dead; expression of approval or commendation 69. Exonerate - (v) to remove blame 70. Facetious - (adj.) playful; humorous 71. Fallacy - (n) an invalid or incorrect notion; a mistaken belief 72. Furtive - (adj.) marked by stealth; covert; surreptitious 73. Gregarious - (adj.) sociable; outgoing; enjoying the company of other people 74. Harangue - (v./n.) to deliver a pompous speech or tirade; a long, pompous speech 75. Heretical - (adj.) violating accepted dogma or convention 76. Hyperbole - (n) an exaggerated statement, often used as a figure of speech 77. Impecunious - (adj.) lacking funds; without money 78. Incipient - (adj.) beginning to come into being or to become apparent 79. Inert - (adj.) unmoving; lethargic; sluggish 80. Innocuous - (adj.) harmless; causing no damage 81. Intransigent - (adj.) refusing to compromise 82. Inveigle - (v) to obtain by deception or flattery 83. Morose - (adj.) sad; sullen; melancholy 84. Odious - (adj.) evoking intense aversion or dislike 85. Opaque - (adj.) impenetrable by light; not reflecting light; unintelligible 86. Oscillation - (n) the act or state of swinging back and forth with a steady, uninterrupted rhythm 4|Page

87. Penurious - (adj.) penny-pinching; excessively thrifty; ungenerous 88. Pernicious - (adj.) extremely harmful; potentially causing death 89. Peruse - (v) to examine with great care 90. Pious - (adj.) extremely reverent or devout; showing strong religious devotion 91. Precursor - (n) one that precedes and indicates or announces another 92. Preen - (v) to dress; to primp; to groom oneself with elaborate care 93. Prodigious - (adj.) abundant in size, force or extent; extraordinary 94. Prolific - (adj.) producing large volumes or amounts; productive 95. Putrefy - (v) to rot; to decay and give off a foul odor 96. Quaff - (v) to drink deeply 97. Quiescence - (n) stillness; motionlessness; quality of being at rest 98. Redoubtable - (adj.) awe-inspiring; worthy of honor 99. Sanction - (n/v) authoritative permission or approval; a penalty intended to enforce compliance; to give permission or authority to 100. Satire - (n) a literary work that ridicules or criticizes a human vice through humor or derision 101. Squalid - (adj.) sordid; wretched and dirty as from neglect 102. Stoic - (adj.) indifferent to or unaffected by pleasure or pain; steadfast 103. Supplant - (v) to take the place of; supersede 104. Torpid - (adj.) lethargic; sluggish; dormant 105. Ubiquitous - (adj.) existing everywhere at the same time; constantly encountered; wide-spread 106. Urbane - (adj.) sophisticated, refined, elegant 107. Vilify - (v) to defame; to characterize harshly 108. Viscous - (adj.) thick; sticky 109. Acumen - (n) keen, accurate judgement or insight; shrewdness 110. Adulterate - (v) to reduce purity by combining with inferior ingredients 111. Amalgamate - (v) to combine several elements into a whole 112. Archaic - (adj.) outdated; associated with an earlier, perhaps more primitive time 113. Aver - (v) to state as a fact; to declare or assert 114. Bolster - (v) to provide support or reinforcement 115. Bombastic - (adj.) pompous; grandiloquent 116. Diatribe - (n) a harsh denunciation 117. Dissemble - (v) to disguise or conceal; to mislead 118. Eccentric - (adj.) departing from norms or conventions 119. Endemic - (adj.) characteristic of or often found in a particular locality, region, of people 120. Evanescent - (adj.) tending to disappear like vapor; vanishing 121. Fervent - (adj.) greatly emotional or zealous 122. Fortuitous - (adj.) happening by accident or chance 123. Germane - (adj.) relevant to the subject at hand; appropriate in subject matter 124. Grandiloquence - (n) pompous speech or expression 125. Hackneyed - (adj.) rendered trite or commonplace by frequent usage 126. Halcyon - (adj.) calm and peaceful 127. Hedonism - (n) devotion to pleasurable pursuits, esp. to the pleasure of the senses (a hedonist is someone who pursue pleasure) 128. Hegemony - (n) the consistent dominance of one state or ideology over others 5|Page

129. Iconoclast - (n) one who attacks or undermines traditional conventions or institution 130. Idolatrous - (adj.) given to intense or excessive devotion to something 131. Impassive - (adj.) revealing no emotion 132. Imperturbable - (adj.) marked by extreme calm, impassivity and steadiness 133. Implacable - (adj.) not capable of being appeased or significantly changed 134. Impunity - (n) immunity from punishment or penalty 135. Inchoate - (adj.) in an initial stage; not fully formed 136. Infelicitous - (adj.) unfortunate; inappropriate 137. Insipid - (adj.) without taste or flavor; lacking in spirit; bland 138. Loquacious - (adj.) extremely talkative (like Michelle!) 139. Luminous - (adj.) characterized by brightness and the emission of light 140. Malevolent - (adj.) having or showing often vicious ill will, spite, or hatred 141. Malleable - (adj.) capable of being shaped or formed; tractable; pliable 142. Mendacity - (n) the condition of being untruthful; dishonesty 143. Meticulous - (adj.) characterized by extreme care and precision; attentive to detail 144. Mitigate - (v) to make or become less severe or intense; to moderate 145. Obsequious - (adj.) exhibiting a fawning attentiveness 146. Occlude - (v) to obstruct or block 147. Opprobrium - (n) disgrace; contempt; scorn 148. Pedagogy - (n) the profession or principles of teaching, or instructing 149. Pedantic - (adj,) overly concerned with the trivial details of learning or education; show-offish about one's knowledge 150. Penury - (n) poverty; destitution 151. Pervasive - (adj.) having the tendency to permeate or spread throughout 152. Pine - (v) to yearn intensely; to languish; to lose vigor 153. Pirate - (v) to illegally use or produce 154. Pith - (n) the essential or central part 155. Pithy - (adj.) precise and brief 156. Placate - (v) to appease; to calm by making concessions; to pacify 157. Platitude - (n) a superficial remark, esp. one offered as meaningful 158. Plummet - (v) to plunge or drop straight down 159. Prodigal - (adj.) recklessly wasteful; extravagant; profuse; lavish 160. Profuse - (adj.) given or coming forth abundantly; extravagant 161. Proliferate - (v) to grow or increase swiftly and abundantly 162. Queries - (n) questions; inquiries; doubts in the mind; reservations 163. Querulous - (adj.) prone to complaining or grumbling; peevish 164. Rancorous - (adj.) characterized by bitter, long-lasting resentment 165. Recalcitrant - (adj.) obstinately defiant of authority; difficult to manage 166. Repudiate - (v) to refuse to have anything to do with; disown 167. Rescind - (v) to invalidate; to repeal; to retract 168. Reverent - (adj.) marked by, feeling or expressing a feeling of profound awe and respect 169. Rhetoric - (n) the art or study of effective use of language for communication and persuasion 170. Salubrious - (adj.) promoting health or well-being 171. Solvent - (adj.) able to meet financial obligations; able to dissolve another substance 6|Page

172. Specious - (adj.) seeming true, but actually being fallacious; misleadingly attractive; plausible but false 173. Spurious - (adj.) lacking authenticity or validity; false; counterfeit 174. Subpoena - (n) a court order requiring appearance and/or testimony 175. Succinct - (adj.) brief; concise 176. Superfluous - (adj.) exceeding what is sufficient or necessary 177. Surfeit - (n/v) an overabundant supply; excess; to feed or supply to excess 178. Tenacity - (n) the quality of adherence to something valued; persistent determination 179. Tenuous - (adj.) having little substance or strength; flimsy; weak 180. Tirade - (n) a long and extremely critical speech; a harsh denunciation 181. Transient - (adj.) fleeting; passing quickly; brief 182. Zealous - (adj.) fervent; ardent; impassioned; devoted to a cause (a zealot is a zealous person) 183. Acerbic - (adj.) having a sour or bitter taste or character; sharp; biting; vitriolic 184. Aggrandize - (v) to increase in intensity, power, influence or prestige 185. Alchemy - (n) a medieval science aimed at the transmutation of metals, esp. base metals into gold (an alchemist is one who practices alchemy) 186. Amenable - (adj.) agreeable; responsive to suggestion 187. Anachronism - (n) something or someone out of place in terms of historical or chronological context 188. Astringent - (adj./n) having a tightening effect on living tissue; harsh; severe; something with a tightening effect on tissue 189. Contiguous - (adj.) sharing a border; touching; adjacent 190. Convention - (n) a generally agreed-upon practice or attitude 191. Credulous - (adj.) tending to believe too readily; gullible 192. Cynicism - (n) an attitude or quality of belief that all people are motivated by selfishness 193. Decorum - (n) polite or appropriate conduct or behavior 194. Derision - (n) scorn, ridicule, contemptuous treatment 195. Desiccate - (v) to dry out or dehydrate; to make dry or dull 196. Dilettante - (n) one with an amateurish or superficial interest in the arts or a branch of knowledge 197. Disparage - (v) to slight or belittle 198. Divulge - (v) to disclose a secret; unwrap 199. Fawn - (v) to flatter or praise excessively 200. Flout - (v) to show contempt for, as in a rule or convention 201. Glib - (adj.) marked by ease or informality; nonchalant; lacking in depth; superficial 202. Hubris - (n) overbearing presumption or pride; arrogance 203. Imminent - (adj.) about to happen; impending 204. Immutable - (adj.) not capable of change 205. Impetuous - (adj.) hastily or rashly energetic; impulsive and vehement 206. Indifferent - (adj.) having no interest or concern; showing no bias or prejudice 207. Inimical - (adj.) damaging; harmful; injurious 208. Intractable - (adj.) not easily managed or directed; stubborn; obstinate 209. Intrepid - (adj.) steadfast and courageous 210. Laconic - (adj.) using few words; terse 211. Maverick - (n) an independent or unorthodox individual ;dissenter; refuse to be branded 212. Mercurial - (adj.) characterized by rapid and unpredictable change in mood 213. Mollify - (v) to calm or soothe; to reduce in emotional intensity 7|Page

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Neophyte - (n) a recent convert; a beginner; novice Obfuscate - (v) to deliberately obscure; to make confusing Obstinate - (adj.) stubborn; hardheaded; uncompromising Ostentatious - (adj.) characterized by or given to pretentious play; showy Pervade - (v) to permeate throughout Phlegmatic - (adj.) calm; sluggish; unemotional Pragmatic - (adj.) practical rather than idealistic Presumptuous - (adj.) over stepping due bounds (as of propriety or courtesy); taking liberties Pristine - (adj.) pure; uncorrupted; clean Probity - (n) adherence to highest principles; complete and confirmed integrity; uprightness Proclivity - (n) a natural predisposition or inclination Profligate - (adj.) excessively wasteful; recklessly extravagant Propensity - (n) a natural inclination or tendency; penchant Prosaic - (adj.) dull; lacking in spirit or imagination Pungent - (adj.) characterized by a strong, sharp smell or taste Quixotic - (adj.) foolishly impractical; marked by lofty romantic ideals Quotidian - (adj.) occurring or recurring daily; commonplace Rarefy - (v) to make or become thin, less dense; to refine Recondite - (adj.) hidden; concealed; difficult to understand; obscure Refulgent - (adj.) radiant; shiny; brilliant Renege - (v) to fail to honor a commitment; to go back on a promise Sedulous - (adj.) diligent; persistent; hardworking Shard - (n) a piece of broken pottery or glass Soporific - (adj.) causing drowsiness; tending to induce sleep Sparse - (adj.) thin; not dense; arranged at widely spaced intervals Spendthrift - (n) one who spends money wastefully Subtle - (adj.) not obvious; elusive; difficult to discern Terse - (adj.) brief and concise in wording Tout - (v) to publicly praise or promote Trenchant - (adj.) sharply perceptive; keen; penetrating Unfeigned - (adj.) genuine; not false or hypocritical Untenable - (adj.) indefensible; not viable; uninhabitable Vacillate - (v) to waver indecisively between one course of action or opinion and another; waver Variegated - (adj.) multicolored; characterized by a variety of patches of different colors Vexation - (n) annoyance; irritation Vigilant - (adj.) alertly watchful Vituperate - (v) to use harsh, condemnatory language; to abuse or censure severely or abusively; berate Volatile - (adj.) readily changing to a vapor; changeable; fickle; explosive Plethora - (n) an overabundance; a surplus Abyss (n) an immeasurably deep chasm or void; a bottomless pit Alleviate (v) to make more bearable Arbitrate (v) to judge a dispute between two opposing parties Ardor (n) intense and passionate feeling Articulate (v) able to speak clearly and expressively 8|Page

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Assuage (v) to make something unpleasant less severe Attenuate (v) to reduce in force or degree; to weaken Audacious (adj) fearless and daring Austere (adj) severe or stern in appearance, undecorated Banal (adj) predictable, clichd, boring Bolster (v) to support; to prop up Candid (adj) impartial and honest in speech Capricious (adj) changing one's mind quickly and often; whimsical Crescendo (n) steadily increasing volume or force Deference (n) respect, courtesy Desultory (adj) jumping from one thing to another; disconnected Diffident (adj) lacking self-confidence Dilate (v) to make larger; to expand Dilatory (adj) intended to delay Dirge (n) a funeral hymn; a mournful poem; a funeral service in its solemn or sung forms Disabuse (v) to set right; to free from error Discern (v) to perceive; to recognize Disparate (adj) fundamentally different; entirely unlike Dissonance (n) a harsh and disagreeable combination, often of sounds Dupe (v) to deceive; a person who is easily deceived Efficacy (n) effectiveness Eloquent (adj) persuasive and moving, especially in speech Emulate (v) to copy; to try to equal or excel Enervate (v) to reduce in strength Engender (v) to produce, cause, or bring about Enumerate (v) to count, list, or itemize Equivocate (v)to use expressions of double meaning in order to mislead Erratic (adj) wandering and unpredictable; lacking regularity Erudite (adj) learned, scholarly, bookish Estimable (adj) admirable Euphemism (n) use of an inoffensive word or phrase in place of a more distasteful one Exculpate - (v) to clear from blame; prove innocent Exigent - (adj) urgent; requiring immediate action Explicit - (adj) clearly stated or shown; forthright in expression Fanatical - (adj) acting excessively enthusiastic; filled with extreme, unquestioned devotion Fervid - (adj) intensely emotional; feverish Florid - (adj) excessively decorated or embellished Foment - (v) to arouse or incite Frugality - (adj) a tendency to be thrifty or cheap Gregarious - (adj) outgoing, sociable Guile - (n) deceit or trickery Gullible - (adj) easily deceived; naive Homogenous - (adj) of a similar kind Impervious - (adj) impossible to penetrate; incapable of being affected 9|Page

302. Ingenuous - (adj) showing innocence or childlike simplicity 303. Inundate - (v) to overwhelm; to cover with water 304. Lament -(v) to express sorrow; to grieve 305. Laud - (v) to give praise; to glorify 306. Lavish - (adj) to give unsparingly; or extremely generous or extravagant 307. Lethargic - (adj) acting in an indifferent or slow, sluggish manner 308. Lucid - (adj) clear and easily understood 309. Malinger (v) to evade responsibility by pretending to be ill 310. Monotony - (n) lack of variation 311. Nave - (adj) lacking sophistication or experience 312. Obviate - (v) to prevent; to make unnecessary 313. Ostentation - (n) excessive showiness; flashiness 314. Paradox - (n) a contradiction or dilemma 315. Paragon - (n) a model of excellence or perfection 316. Perfidious - (adj) willing to betray one's trust 317. Perfunctory - (adj) done in a routine way; indifferent 318. Permeate - (v) to penetrate 319. Philanthropy - (n)charity; a desire or effort to promote goodness 320. Plastic (adj) able to be molded, altered, or bent; impressionable 321. Precipitate (v) to throw violently or bring about abruptly; lacking deliberation 322. Prevaricate (v) to lie or deviate from the truth 323. Propitiate (v) to conciliate; to appease 324. Propriety (n) correct behavior; obedience to rules and customs 325. Prudence (n) wisdom, caution, or restraint 326. Quiescent (adj) motionless; inactive; dormant 327. Reticent - (adj) silent, reserved 328. Satiate (v) to satisfy fully or overindulge 329. Stigma (n)a mark of shame or discredit 330. Stolid - (adj) unemotional; lacking sensitivity; impassive 331. Sublime - (adj) lofty or grand 332. Taciturn - (adj) silent, not talkative ; tacit done without using words 333. Torpor (n) extreme mental and physical sluggishness 334. Transitory - (adj) temporary, lasting a brief time 335. Venerate (v)to respect deeply 336. Veracity (noun) filled with truth and accuracy 337. Verbose (adj) wordy 338. Waver (v) to fluctuate between choices 339. Whimsical (adj) acting in a fanciful or capricious manner; unpredictable 340. Tumult (n) - violent and noisy commotion or disturbance of a crowd or mob; uproar; great mental or emotional agitation 341. Trifling (adj) - of very little importance; trivial; insignificant 342. Schism (n) - division or disunion, especially into mutually opposed parties. 343. Heresy (n) - any belief or theory that is strongly at variance with established beliefs, customs, etc.

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Root Meaning A acu, ac, acr ag, agi, ig, act ali, allo, alter agog alt(us) am, amor anni, annu, enni anthrop anti(co) sharp do, move, go other leader high, deep love, liking year man old acute, acupuncture, accurate agent, agenda, agitate, navigate, ambiguous, action alias, alibi, alien, alloy, alter, alter ego, altruism demagogue, pedagogue altimeter, altitude amiable, amorous, enamoured anniversary, annually, centennial anthropology, misanthrope, philanthropy antique, antiquated, antiquity archangel, architect, archaic, monarchy, matriarchy, patriarchy, Archeozoic era aster, asterisk, asteroid, astronomy, astronaut audiology, auditorium, audio, audition, ausculate augur, augment, auction primeval, coeval, medieval agrarian, agriculture, peregrination animadvert, unanimous, magnanimity Example


chief, first, rule

aster, astr aud, aus,audit, aur aug, auc aev, ev agri, agrari anim

star hear, listen increase age, era field mind, soul

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apt auto, aut

fit self

aptitude, adapt automobile, autograph, automatic

B belli bibl bio brev bene, ben war book life short good C cad, cas calor cap, cip, cept capit, capt carn caus, caut cause, cuse, cus ced, ceed, cede, cess cenetri chrom to fall heat take head flesh burn, heat cause, motive move, yield, go, surrender center color cadaver, cadence, cascade calorie, caloric, calorimeter capable, intercept, forceps, capture, except, reciprocate decapitate, capital, captain, caption carnivorous, incarnate, reincarnation, carnal caustic, cauldron, cauterize because, excuse, accusation procedure, proceed, cede, concede, recede, precede, accede, success concentric, centrifugal, centripetal, eccentric chrome, chromosome, polychrome, chromatic rebellion, belligerent, casus belli, bellicose Bible, bibliography, bibliomania biology, biometrics, biome, biosphere abbreviate, brief benefactor, benevolence, beign

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chron cide, cise cit civ clam, claim clud, clus, claus cognoac, gnosi cord, cor, cardi corp cosm crat, cracy crea cred cresc, cret, crease, cru crit cur, curs cura cycl, cyclo

time cut down, kill call, start citizen cry out shut know heart body universe, world rule create believe rise, grow separate, choose run care wheel, circular D

chronology, chronometer, synchronize homicide, exorcise, germicide, incision, scissors incite, citation, cite civic, civil, civilian, civilization exclamation, clamor, proclamation, reclamation, acclaim include, conclude, recluse, claustrophobia, occlusion, occult recognize, prognosis, cognoscenti, incognito, agnostic cordial, concord, discord, courage, encourage corporation, corporal punishment, corpse, corpulent, corpus luteum cosmos, microcosm, cosmopolitan, cosmonaut autocrat, aristocrat, theocracy, technocracy creature, recreation, creation creed, credo, credence, credit, credulous, incredulous, incredible crescendo, concrete, increase, decrease, accrue critical, criterion, hypocrite current, concurrent, concur, incur, recur, occur, courier, precursor, cursive curator, curative, manicure Cyclops, unicycle, bicycle, cyclone, cyclic

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deca dem dent, dont derm dict doc, dokein domin don dorm dox drome duc, duct dura dynam

ten people tooth skin say, speak teach master give sleep opinion, praise run, step lead hard, lasting power E

decade, decalogue, decathlon, decahedron democracy, demography, epidemic dental, denture, orthodontist, periodontal hypodermic, dermatology, epidermis, taxidermy dictation, dictionary, dictate, dictator, Dictaphone, edict, predict, verdict, contradict, benediction doctrine, indoctrinate, document, dogma, dogmatic dominate, dominion, predominant, domain donate, condone dormant, dormitory orthodox, heterodox, paradox, doxology syndrome (run together), hippodrome (place where horses run) induce, seduce (lead aside), produce, reduce durable, duration, endure dynamo, dynamic, dynamite, hydrodynamics

endo equi

within equal

endorse, endocardial, endoskeletal, endoskeleton, endosperm equinox, equilibrium, equipoise energy, erg, allergy, ergometer, ergograph, ergophobia



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F fac, fact, fic, fect fall, fals fer fid, fide, feder(is) fila, fili fin fix flex, flect flu, fluc, fluv form fort, forc fract, frag do, make deceive bear, carry faith, trust thread end, ended, finished fix bend flowing form, shape strong break G gam gastr (o) gen geo marriage stomach birth, race, produce earth bigamy, monogamy, polygamy gastric, gastronomic, gastritis, gastropod genesis, genetics, eugenics, genealogy, generate, genetic, antigen, pathogen geometry, geography, geocentric, geology factory, fact, manufacture, amplification, confection fallacy, falsify, fallacious ferry, coniferous, fertile, defer, infer, refer, transfer confidante, fidelity, confident, infidelity, infidel, federal, confederacy, semper fi filigree, filament, filter, filet, filibuster final, finite, finish, confine, fine, refine, define, finale fix, fixation, fixture, affix, prefix, suffix flex, reflex, flexible, flexor, inflexibility, reflect, deflect influence, fluid, flue, flush, fluently, fluctuate form, uniform, conform, formulary, perform, formal, formula fort, fortress, fortify, forte, fortitude fracture, infraction, fragile, fraction, refract

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germ gest gloss, glot glu, glo grad, gress graph, gram grat grav

vital part carry, bear tongue lump, bond, glue step, go write, written pleasing heavy, weighty

germination, germ, germane congest, gestation glossary, polyglot, epiglottis glue, agglutinate, conglomerate grade, gradual, graduate, progress, graduated, egress graph, graphic, autograph, photography, graphite, telegram congratulate, gratuity, grateful, ingrate grave, gravity, aggravate, gravitate



gregarious, congregation, segregate, gregarian

H hypn helio hema, hemo here, hes hetero homo hum, human sleep sun blood stick different same earth, ground, man hypnosis, hypnotherapy heliograph, heliotrope, heliocentric hemorrhage, hemoglobin, hemophilia, hemostat adhere, cohere, cohesion, inherent, hereditary heterogeneous, heterosexual, heterodox homogeneous, homonym, homogenize humus, exhume, humane dehydrate, hydrant, hydraulic, hydraulics, hydrogen, hydrophobia 16 | P a g e

hydr, hydra, hydro


I ignis fire J ject join, junct juven throw join young L lau, lav, lot, lut leg levi liber, liver liter loc, loco log, logo, ology loqu, locut luc, lum, lus, lun wash law light free letters place word, study, speech talk, speak light M macr-, macer lean emaciated, meager launder, lavatory, lotion, ablution, dilute legal, legislate, legislature, legitimize alleviate, levitate, levity liberty, liberal, liberalize, deliverance literary, literature, literal, alliteration, obliterate locality, allocate, locomotion catalog, prologue, dialogue, logogram (symbol representing a word), zoology eloquent, loquacious, colloquial, circumlocution translucent, luminary, luster, luna (moon goddess) deject, inject, project, eject, interject adjoining, enjoin, juncture, conjunction, injunction, conjunction juvenile, rejuvenate ignite, igneous, ignition

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magn man mand mania mar, mari, mer matri medi mega mem meter micro migra mit, miss mob, mot, mov mon mor, mort morph multi

great hand command madness sea, pool mother half, middle, between, halfway great remember measure small wander send move warn, remind mortal, death form many, much

magnify, magnificent, magnanimous, magnate, magnitude, magnum manual, manage, manufacture, manacle, manicure, manifest, maneuver, emancipate mandatory, remand, mandate mania, maniac, kleptomania, pyromania marine, marsh, maritime, mermaid matrimony, maternal, matriarchate, matron mediate, medieval, Mediterranean, mediocre, medium megaphone, megalopolis, megacycle (a million cycles), megaton memo, commemoration, memento, memoir, memorable meter, voltammeter, barometer, thermometer microscope, microfilm, microcard, microwave, micrometer migrate, emigrant, immigrate emit, remit, submit, admit, commit, permit, transmit, omit, intermittent, mission, missile mobile, motionless, motor monument, admonition, monitor, premonition mortal, immortal, mortality, mortician, mortuary amorphous, dimorphic, metamorphosis, morphology multifold, multilingual, multiped, multiply

18 | P a g e

N nat, nasc neo neur nom nomen, nomin nov nox, noc numer numisma to be from, to spring forth new nerve law, order name new night number coin O oligo omni onym oper ortho few, little all, every name work straight, correct P pac paleo peace old pacifist, pacify, pacific ocean Paleozoic, Paleolithic, paleomagnetism, paleopsychology 19 | P a g e Oligocene, oligosaccharide, oligotrophic, oligarchy omnipotent, omniscient, omnipresent, omnivorous anonymous, pseudonym, antonym, synonym operate, cooperate, opus orthodox, orthodontist, orthopedic, unorthodox innate, natal, native, renaissance Neolithic, nuveau riche, neologism, neophyte, neonate neuritis, neuropathic, neurologist, neural, neurotic autonomy, astronomy, gastronomy, economy nomenclature, nominate, ignominious novel, renovate, novice, nova, innovate nocturnal, equinox, noctilucent numeral, numeration, enumerate, innumerable numismatics

pan pater, patr path, pathy ped, pod pedo pel, puls pend, pens, pond phage phil phlegma phobia, phobos phon photo plac, plais plu, plur, plus pneuma, pneumon poli poly

all father feeling, suffering foot child drive, urge hang, weigh eat love inflammation fear sound light please more breath city many

Pan-American, pan-African, panacea, pandemonium (place of all the demons), paternity, patriarch, patriot, patron, patronize pathos, sympathy, antipathy, apathy, telepathy pedal, impede (get feet in a trap), pedestrian, centipede, tripod, podiatry, antipode orthopedic, pedagogue, pediatrics compel, dispel, expel, repel, propel, pulse, impulse, pulsate, compulsory, expulsion, repulsive pendant, pendulum, suspend, appendage, pensive macrophage, bacteriophage philosophy, philanthropy, philharmonic, bibliophile phlegm, phlegmatic phobia, claustrophobia, acrophobia, aquaphobia, ergophobia, homophobia phonograph, phonetic, symphony, homophone, euphonious photograph, photoelectric, photogenic, photosynthesis placid, placebo, placate, complacent plural, pluralist, plus pneumatic, pneumonia, metropolis, police, politics, Indianapolis, megalopolis, acropolis polysaccharide, polyandrous, polytheistic

20 | P a g e

pon, pos, pound

place, put

postpone, component, opponent, proponent, expose, impose, deposit, posture, position, expound, impound population, populous, popular porter, portable, transport, report, export, import, support, transportation portion, proportion potential, potentate, impotent apprehend, comprehend, comprehensive, prehensile primacy, prima donna, primitive, primary, primal, primeval prototype, protocol, protagonist, protozoan, Proterozoic, protoindustrial psyche, psychiatry, psychology, psychosis punctual, punctuation, puncture, acupuncture, punctuation R

pop port portion pot prehendere prim, prime proto psych punct

people carry part, share power seize, grasp first first mind, soul point, dot

reg, recti ri, ridi, risi rog, roga rupt

straighten laughter ask break S

regiment, regular, rectify, correct, direct, rectangle deride, ridicule, ridiculous, derision, risible prerogative, interrogation, derogatory rupture, interrupt, abrupt, disrupt, ruptible

sacr, sanc, secr salv, salu

sacred safe, healthy

sacred, sacrosanct, sanction, consecrate, desecrate salvation, salvage, salutation

21 | P a g e

sat, satis sci, scientia scope scrib, script sed, sess, sid sen senescere sent, sens sequ, secu, sue serv sign, signi simil, simul sist, sta, stit solus solv, solu somnus soph

enough know see, watch write sit old to grow old feel follow save, serve sign, mark, seal like, resembling stand alone loosen sleep wise

satient (giving pleasure, satisfying), saturate, satisfy science, conscious, omniscient, cognocienti telescope, microscope, kaleidoscope, periscope, stethoscope scribe, scribble, inscribe, describe, subscribe, prescribe, manuscript sediment, session, obsession, possess, preside, president, reside, subside senior, senator, senile senescence, evanescent sentiment, consent, resent, dissent, sentimental, sense, sensation, sensitive, sensory, dissension sequence, consequence, sequel, subsequent, prosecute, consecutive, second, ensue, pursue servant, service, subservient, servitude, preserve, conserve, reservation, deserve, conservation, observe signal, signature, design, insignia, significant similar, assimilate, simulate, simulacrum, simultaneous assist, persist, circumstance, stamina, status, state, static, stable, stationary, substitute solo, soliloquy, solitaire, solitude solvent, solve, absolve, resolve, soluble, solution, resolution, resolute, dissolute insomnia, somnambulist sophomore (wise fool), philosophy, sophisticated specimen, specific, spectator, spectacle, aspect, speculate, inspect, respect, prospect, retrospective, introspective, expect, conspicuous

spec, spect, spic


22 | P a g e

sphere spir string, strict stru, struct sume, sump

ball, sphere breath draw tight build take, use, waste

sphere, stratosphere, hemisphere, spheroid spirit, conspire, inspire, aspire, expire, perspire, respiration stringent, strict, restrict, constrict, boa constrictor construe (build in the mind, interpret), structure, construct, instruct, obstruct, destruction, destroy consume, assume (to take, to use), sump pump presumption (to take or use before knowing all the facts T

tact, tang, tag, tig, ting tele tempo

touch far time

tactile, contact, intact, intangible, tangible, contagious, contiguous telephone, telegraph, telegram, telescope, television, telephoto, telecast, telepathy tempo, temporary, extemporaneously, contemporary, pro tem, temporal tenacious, tenant, tenure, untenable, detention, retentive, content, pertinent, continent, obstinate, contain, abstain, pertain, detain tendency, extend, intend, contend, pretend, superintend, tender, extent, tension, pretense terrain, terrarium, territory, terrestrial testament, detest, testimony, attest monotheism, polytheism, atheism, theology thermometer, theorem, thermal, thermos bottle, thermostat, hypothermia antithesis, hypothesis, synthesis, epithet atom (not cuttable), appendectomy, tonsillectomy, dichotomy, anatomy torture (twisting to inflict pain) retort, extort, distort, contort, torsion, tortuous, torturous

ten, tin, tain


tend, tent, tens terra test the, theo therm thesis, thet tom tort, tors

stretch, strain earth to bear witness God, a god heat place, put cut twist

23 | P a g e

tox tract, tra tom tort, tors tox

poison draw, pull cut twist poison

toxic, intoxicate, antitoxin tractor, attract, subtract, tractable, abstract, subtrahend atom (not cutable, smallest particle of matter), appendectomy, tonsillectomy, dichotomy, anatomy torture (twisting to inflict pain), retort, extort (twist out), distort, contort, torsion toxic, intoxicate, antitoxin tractor, attract, traction, subtract, tractable, abstract (to draw away), subtrahend (the number to be drawn away from another). tribute, contribute, attribute, retribution, tributary turbulent, disturb, turbid, turmoil type, prototype, typical, typography, typewriter, typology, typify U

tract, tra

draw, pull

trib turbo typ

pay, bestow disturb print

ultima umber, umbraticum uni

last shadow one V

ultimate, ultimatum umbra, penumbra, (take) umbrage, adumbrate unicorn, unify, university, unanimous, universal

vac vale, vali, valu

empty strength, worth

vacate, vacuum, evacuate, vacation, vacant, vacuous equivalent, valiant, validity, evaluate, value, valor convene, intervene, venue, convenient, avenue, circumvent, invent, convent, venture, event, advent, prevent very, aver, verdict, verity, verify, verisimilitude

ven, vent


ver, veri


24 | P a g e

vert, vers vic, vicis vict, vinc vid, vis viv, vita, vivi voc vol volcan volvo vor

turn change, substitute conquer see alive, life call will fire turn about, roll eat greedily Z

avert, divert, invert, introvert, convertible, reverse, controversy, versatile vicarious, vicar, vicissitude victor, evict, convict, convince, invincible video, evident, provide, providence, visible, revise, supervise, vista, visit, vision revive, survive, vivid, vivacious, vitality, vivisection vocation, avocation, convocation, invocation, evoke, provoke, revoke, advocate, provocative, vocal malevolent, benevolent, volunteer, volition volcano, vulcanize, Vulcan revolve, voluble (easily turned about or around or talkative), voluminous, convolution voracious, carnivorous, herbivorous, omnivorous, devour



zoo (short for zoological garden), zoology, zoomorphism (attributing animal form to god), zodiac (circle of animal constellations), protozoan

25 | P a g e

Prefix Meaning A a,ac,ad,af,ag,al, an, ap, as, at to, toward, in addition to, according to ahead, accompany, adhere, affix, aggravate, alarm, appall, assent, attempt asexual, amoral, anarchy, anhydrous, Anabaptist, anachronism abnormal, abduct, abductor (muscle), abscission .See ad in Prefixes, adhere, adductor (muscle) . See ab in Prefixessection), adumbrate agent, agency, agenda amphitheater, amphibian, ambidextrous, ambivalent antedate, anteroom, antecedent, anterior anthropology, anthropomorphic antipathy, antitank, anticlimax aquarium, aqueous archeology, archetype, archaic, archeozoic monarchy, oligarchy, anarchy, archetype, architect archetype, archbishop, archeology audiophile, audiometer, auditory automatic, automaton, auto-immune B bi two bi-partisan, bisexual, biennial, binary, bicuspid, bivalve 26 | P a g e Example

a, an ab, abs, a ad agere amphi, ambi ante anthro anti aqua archaios archos arch audio auto

without, not apart, away from toward act round, both sides before man against water ancient leader, first, chief chief, first hear self

bene bible bio

well, favorable book life C

benefit, benevolent, benefactor, beneficent bibliography, Bible, bibliophile biology, biography, bio-active

cata contra, contro co, cog,col,com,con,cor caco cide circum constitutus corpus cracy credo

down against with, together,mutually Bad kill around stand body rule belief D

catastrophe, cataract, catapult contravene, controversy coherent, cognizant, collapse, companion, concur, correspond cacophony homicide, parricide, germicidal, ecocide circumference, circumlocution, circumnavigate constitution, statute corpse, corporeal punishment, corpus callosum democracy, theocrat, technocracy credit, (see also roots section)

demos de di dia

people to do the opposite of two, double across, through

democracy, demographic decriminalize, degenerate dimorphism, dicotyledon, diatomic diagonal, dialectic, dialogue, diagnosis

27 | P a g e

dis dys dominus dynasthai

not, apart faulty, bad lord be able E

disperse, disinherit, disenfranchise, distend dyslexia, dyspepsia dominant, dominion dynamic, dynamo, dynasty, dynamite

ego epi ex,e extra, extro em, en

I, self upon, over out of, Away from beyond, outside to put into, to cause to be F

ego, egomaniac, egocentric, epidermis, epidemic, epigram, epitaph, epithet, epiphyte, epistasis, epinephrine, epiphysis exotic, exterior, extraneous, extemporaneous, exophalmic, exogenous, exothermic, exoskeleton extracirrcular, extraterritorial, extrovert endear, embody


brother G

fraternize, fraternity, fraternal, fratricide


earth H

geology, geography, geocentric, geomancy


mixed, unlike

heterogeneous, heterosexual, heterodox, heterodont, hetero atom, heterocyclic, heterozygous,


beneath, lower



same, alike

homogeneous, homogenized, homozygous, homolytic fission, Homo sapiens, homonid, homeostasis

28 | P a g e

I idem ideo idios the same idea one's own identity, idiopathic, I, individual ideology, ideation, ideal idiom, idiosyncrasy, idiopathic

in(il,im, ir)

in, on, upon

incarcerate, incorporate, inculcate, induction, inductance, indigenous, indicator, inspiration

in, im


incredible, ignoble, inglorious, inhospitable, infinite, infinitesimal, immoral

inter intra, intro

between within L

interact, interstellar, interpret, interstitial intramural, introvert

legis (lex) lexis liber locus

law word free, book place M

legal, legislature lexicon, lexicography liberty, library, liberal locality, local, circumlocution

macro micro mono multi

large small one, single many

macroeconomics, macroscopic, macrophage microscope, micron, micrometer, microorganism monocle, monopoly, monogamy, monovalent, monomania, monarchy multifarious, multitudinous 29 | P a g e

mortis nomen mal mis mis meta

death name bad wrong,bad, improper hatred involving change O

mortician, mortuary, moribund, morbid noble, ignominy, nomenclature, nominal maladjusted, malformed misnomer, mischance, misdemeanor misanthrope, misogynist metamorphosis


few P

oligarchy, oligopoly

para per pater peri philo polein porto post pre pro

beside through, completely father around love sell carry after before before, in favor of

paradigm, paragraph permeable, pervade paternal, paternity, patricide peripatetic, periscope, perineum, peritoneum philosophy, philanthropy monopoly porter, export post script (p.s.), ex post facto, post hoc, post-mortem premier, preview, premium, prescient project, projectile,

30 | P a g e

psyche publicus poly prim proto pseudo

mind, soul people many first first FALSE R

psychology public, republic, pub, publican polygamist, polyglot primordial, primogeniture prototype pseudonym

riparia re retro

river back,again backward S

riparian reiterate,reimburse retrospect, retroactive

scope se solus subter

examine away, aside alone under, secret

microscope, oscilloscope secede, seclude, seduce solo, solitary subterfuge, subtle, subaltern, subterranean

syn (sym, syl, sys) semi sub (suc, suf, sug, sup, sus) super, sur

together, with half, partly under, less over, above

synchronize, symphony, sympathy, syncretic, syncope semiannual, semiconscious subway, subjugate, succumb supernatural, supervise, surtax

31 | P a g e

T tele trans tri distance across three U utilis ultra un uni under useful beyond, excessive not one below V vide, visibil, vis vice see in place of W with away, against withhold, withstand video, vision, visible vicarious, viceroy utility, utilitarian ultramodern, ultacritical unfeigned, unkemt, unwitting unison, sunicycle undergrid, underling telegraph, telephone, teleology transport, transcend, transmogrify trilogy, tricycle

32 | P a g e

Suffix Meaning A able, ible ac, ic ade age al algia an, ian ance, ancy acious, icious ant, ent ate ation ary, ery, ory, ar able, capable like, pertaining to result of action act of, state of, result of relating to pain native of, relating to action, process, state full of full of to make that which is relating to, quality, place where C cian cy, acy cule, ling possessing a specific skill or art action, function very small D dom quality, realm E ee en ence, ency one who receives the action made of, to make action, state of, quality refugee, nominee, lessee silken, frozen, wooden difference, confidence, urgency, agency 33 | P a g e freedom, kingdom, wisdom magician, physician, hesitancy, prophecy, normalcy molecule, ridicule, animalcule, duckling, sapling capable, agreeable, edible, visible cardiac, aquatic, dramatic blockade storage, wreckage, damage gradual, manual, natural neuralgia, nostalgia, myalgia African, riparian, assistance, allowance, defiance audacious, perspicacious, avaricious eloquent, suppliant, verdant consecrate, enervate, mitigate exasperation, irritation aviary, bravery, dormitory Example

er, or escent ese esis, osis ess et, ette

one who, that which in the process of a native of, the language of action, process, condition female small one, group F

baker, miller, professor adolescent, senescence, putrescence Javanese, Japanese, Balinese genesis, hypnosis, neurosis, osmosis goddess, lioness, actress midget, baronet, sextet, lorgnette

fic fold ful fy, ify

making, causing divided or multiplied by full of make H

scientific, specific trifold, hundredfold frightful, careful, helpful beautify, fortify, simplify


order, condition, quality I

manhood, adulthood

ia iatry ician ics ic ice id, ide ile ine ion, sion, tion ish ism

disease or condition of medical treatment one who science of nature of, like condition, state, quality a thing connected with or belonging to relating to, suited for, capable of nature of act, result, or state of origin, nature, resembling system, manner, condition, characteristic

inertia, anemia psychiatry, podiatry physician, mortician athletics, physics metallic, acidic, bucolic, simplistic justice, malice fluid, fluoride, bromide juvenile, senile, purile, missile feminine, genuine, medicine cancellation, contagion, infection, crenellation foolish, Irish, clownish, impish alcoholism, communism, capitalism,

34 | P a g e


one who, that which

artist, dentist, flautist

ite ity, ty ive, ative, itive iferous ize, ise

nature of, quality of, mineral product state of, quality causing, making producing, bearing make L

prelate, Mennonite, dynamite, graphite, Israelite celebrity, captivity, clarity, poverty abusive, exhaustive, abortive pestiferous, vaciferous emphasize, exercise, bowdlerize, bastardize, idolize, fanaticize

logy ly less

study, science, theory like, manner of without M

biology, anthropology, geology, neurology carelessly, fearlessly, hopelessly careless, hopeless


act of, state or, result N

containment, contentment, amendment

ness nomy

state of law O

carelessness, restlessness autonomy, economy, taxonomy

oid ous, eous, ose, ious ose osis

resembling full of, having full of condition S

asteroid, spheroid, rhomboid, anthropoid gracious, nervous, pompous, Verbose, lachrymose psychosis, neurosis, hypnosis

ship some

state of, office, quality like, apt, tending to T

assistantship, friendship, authorship lonesome, lissome, threesome, gruesome

35 | P a g e


state of, condition of U

gratitude, aptitude, multitude


state of, act, process, rank W

culture, literature, rupture, rapture

wise ward

in the manner of in the direction of Y

otherwise, clockwise eastward, downward, backward

inclined to, tend to

cheery, crafty, faulty

36 | P a g e