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ACADEMIA TEFAN CEL MARE A M.A.I.

CATEDRA PROCEDUR PENAL I CRIMINALISTIC

IURIE ODAGIU

PROBLEMAR LA
TEHNICA CRIMINALISTIC

CHIINU*2003

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CZU 343.985 (076.5)


O - 21

Recenzeni:
Anatol Rotaru, eful Direciei Tehnico-Criminalistice a M.A.I. al R.Moldova, colonel de poliie
Eugen Guanu, eful Catedrei procedur penal i criminalistic a Academiei tefan cel Mare a M.A.I., doctor n drept,
confereniar universitar, colonel al serviciului intern
Aprobat i recomandat spre editare de Comisia metodic a Senatului Academiei tefan cel Mare a M.A.I.

Descrierea CIP a Camerei Naionale a Crii


Odagiu, Iurie
Problemar la tehnica criminalistic./Iurie Odagiu; rec. Eu.Guanu; Acad. tefan cel Mare a M.A.I., - Ch. S.n.,2004
(Tipogr. A.. a RM) -56 p.
343.985 (076.5)

Iu.N.Odagiu
Academia tefan cel Mare a M.A.I.
ISBN 9975-935-16-8
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Cuvnt nainte
Activitatea ofierilor de urmrire penal n cadrul m.A.I. al R.Moldova necesit cunoaterea la nivel nalt a
metodelor i procedeelor criminalistice, care fiind concomitent cu celelalte cunotine juridice, garanteaz ndeplinirea
sarcinior cu privire la descoperirea rapid i complet a infraciunilor, identificarea vinovailor i asigurarea aplicrii
juste a legii.
Problemarul dat conine o serie de probleme, rezolvarea crora preconizeaz cunoaterea teoriei criminalistice i
cptarea aptitudinilor practice de efectuare a unor procedee criminalistice i de aplicare a cunotinelor din tehnica
criminalistic.
nsuirea criminalisticii are ca scop cptarea deprinderilor i capacitilor practice. Reieind din programul de
studii, fiecare student trebuie s cunoasc i s efectueze:
Fotografierea de cercetare la faa locului i probelor materiale;
Ridicarea urmelor de picioare, nclminte, mini, mijloace de transport, instrumente de efracie;
Stabilirea direciei de micare a mijlocului de transport dup interpretarea urmelor acestuia;
Dactiloscopierea persoanelor i cadavrelor;
Calculul formulei dactiloscopice;
Descrierea amprentelor degetale;
Descrierea obiectelor, urmelor i altor mijloace materiale de prob, precum i a persoanei sau cadavrului dup
semnalmentele exterioare;
Depistarea documentelor contrafcute i a falsurilor materiale etc.
Aceste probleme practice incluse n problemar sunt un ajutor pentru ntrirea i dezvoltarea cunotinelor teoretice
i servesc pentru dezvoltarea aptitudinilor practice.
Problemarul conine probleme la fiecare tem, care se conin n planul de studii.
La finele acestuia sunt prevzute sursele bibliografice recomandabile.

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Tema:Fotografia i videofilmul judiciar


Fotografia judiciar (definiie)_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Problema nr. 1

nscriei prile componente ale aparatului de fotografiat.

1. __________________________________;
2. __________________________________;
3. __________________________________;
4. __________________________________;
5. __________________________________;
6. __________________________________;
7. __________________________________;
8. __________________________________;
9. __________________________________;
10. __________________________________;
11. __________________________________;

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Problema nr. 2

nscriei prile componente ale camerei de luat vederi.

1. _____________________________________;
2. _____________________________________;
3. _____________________________________;
4. _____________________________________;
5. _____________________________________;
6. _____________________________________;
7. _____________________________________;
8. _____________________________________;
9. _____________________________________;
10. _____________________________________;
11. _____________________________________;
12. _____________________________________;
13. _____________________________________;
14. _____________________________________;

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Problema nr. 3 Fotografiai locul unei infraciuni (posibil nscenat) dup regulile fotografiei judiciare operative. Fotografiile
lipii-le n dreptunghiurile indicate.
Fia fotografic de la cercetarea la faa locului efectuat la ______________________200_, ___________________________

Locul fotografiei panoramic


Foto nr. 1______________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Foto nr.2_______________________________

Foto nr.3 ___________________________________

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Foto nr.4________________________________________

Foto nr.5________________________________________

Filmare:
Aparat de fotografiat_________________________________
Obiectiv:___________________________________________
Pelicul:___________________________________________
Condiii de filmare___________________________________

Aprecierea lectoului:
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
________________________________________________
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Tema: Identificarea persoanei dup semnalmente exterioare (gabitologie judiciar)


Gabitologia judiciar (definiie)_________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________ .
Schema descrierii persoanei dup metoda portretului vorbit

Sexul, vrsta,
apartenena de
ras

Particulariti
anatomice

Particulariti
dinamice

Constituia
corpului,
capul, prul, faa, fruntea,
sprncenele, ochii, nasul,
gura, buzele, dinii, barba,
urechile, gtul, umerii,
pieptul, spinarea, minile,
picioarele.
Se
indic
mrimea, culoarea, forma,
poziia
i
alte
particulariti.

Caracterizarea
funciilor
de
micare, vorbire,
gesticulaii,
mimic,
deprinderi
motorii
parazitare.

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Semne
individuale

Particulariti
auxiliare

Cicatrici, tatuaje,
semne ale
interveniilor
chirurgicale etc.

mbrcminte,
ochelari, ceas,
geant, bijuterii,
map, umbrel etc.

Problema nr. 4. Fotografiai o persoan dup regulile fotografiei de semnalmente. Efectuai trei poze: profilul drept, din fa,
semiprofilul stng, i lipiile n album.

Foto profilul drept

Foto din fa

Foto semiprofilul stng

Observaii_________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________.

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Problema nr..5. Aplicnd schema descrierii dup metoda portretului vorbit, descriei exteriorul persoanei fotografiate.
a) Sexul, vrsta, apartenena de ras __________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
b) Particulariti anatomice __________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
c) Particulariti dinamice ___________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
d) Semne individuale ______________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
e) Particulariti auxiliare ___________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

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Problema nr..6 Numii prile ochiului, urechii i nasului.: _______________________________________________________


_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Problema nr.7. Numii prile exterioare ale corpului uman: ________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________

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Problema nr. 8.Indicai denumirile prilor componente ale mbrcmintei: ____________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________

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Problema nr.9. ntocmii o sarcin de urmrire dup portretul vorbit: _____________________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________
Problema nr.10. Formulai ntrebrile puse expertului la ordonarea expertizei portretului: _____________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________

Problema nr.11. Efectuai portretul-robot al unei persoane (din grup, sau cunoscut de lector) cu ajutorul programei
FOTOROBOT la computer i anexai-l la album.

Aprecierea lectorului:__________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________

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Tema: Traseologia judiciar


Traseologia judiciar (definiie)
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Urma (definiie)______________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________.

Problema nr.12. Artai pe desen i numii regiunile i zonele palmei.


1.______________________________________________________
2.______________________________________________________
3.______________________________________________________
4.______________________________________________________
5.______________________________________________________
6.______________________________________________________

Problema nr.13 Efectuai amprentarea pe fia dactiloscopic. Stabilii tipurile i subtipurile desenelor papilare.
1. _____________________, 2. ____________________, 3. _________________________,4_______________________,
5.______________________, 6. ____________________, 7._________________________ , 8.______________________ ,
9.______________________, 10. ____________________.
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Problema nr.14 nscriei tipurile de urme conform criteriilor de clasificare ale acestora

Clasificarea urmelor
3.Dup gradul
de vizibilitate

1.Dup izvorul
apariiei

4.Dup interaciunea
obiectului creator
i celui primitor

2.Dup metoda
formrii

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5.Dup locul
amplasrii

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Problema nr. 16 Indicai prin segmente 14 indici individuali


Problema nr.15 Numii unele caracteristici individuale
ale desenului papilar
1

ai desenului papilar

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11

12

1. ________________, 2. _____________________,
1

10

11

9. __________________, 10. ___________________

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11. _________________, 12. ___________________

3. _________________, 4. _____________________,
5. __________________, 6.____________________,
7. __________________, 8. ____________________,

13.__________________, 14.___________________
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Problema nr.17 Lsai amprentele degetelor pe un obiect lucios(sricl, phar, obiect din mas plastic etc.) i examinail
sub diferite unghiuri ale luminii. ntocmii un fragment de proces verbal de depistare a acestor urme i ridicaile pe pelicula
dactiloscopic.anexndu-le la acest fragment de proces verbal.
Proces verbal de cercetare
(fragment de descriere a amprentei degetale)
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________.
Problema nr.18 Enumerai indicii care ne permit s stabilim sau s presupunem de care mn i de care deget al minii este
lsat amprenta:___________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
.

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Problema nr.19 Experimentai i nscriei n tabel procedeele de depistare a amprentelor degetale pe diferite tipuri de
materiale prin metodele optic, fizice, chimice.
Nr.

Tipul suprafeei i materialului


(obiectul examinat)

Metoda optic

Metode fizice

Metode chimice

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Problema nr.20 Formulai ntrebrile puse expertului la ordonarea expertizei dactiloscopice reieind din condiia c patru
urme papilare au fost depistate i ridicate i au fost dactiloscopiate dou persoane bnuite.
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Aprecierea lectorului ________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________

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URMELE PLANTARE
Problema nr.21 Delimitai pe desen regiunile tlpii
piciorului i nsciei denumirile lor. Indicai
msurrile efectuate cu ocazia depistrii urmei de
picior la locul faptei.

Problema nr.22 Indicai i numii indicii generali i unii


indici individuali care pot fi examinai i au importan
identificatorie de pe talpa nclmintei.

_________________________________________________
_________________________________________________
_________________________________________________
_________________________________________________
_________________________________________________
_________________________________________________
_________________________________________________
_________________________________________________
_________________________________________________
_________________________________________________
_________________________________________________
_________________________________________________
_________________________________________________
_________________________________________________
_________________________________________________
_________________________________________________
_________________________________________________

________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________

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Problema nr.23 Formulai ntrebrile orientative puse


expertului la cercetarea urmelor plantare.
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________

Problema nr.24 Enumerai elementele componente ale crrii


de urme.

___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________

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Problema nr.25 Ridicai o urm de nclminte de adncime prin mulaj de gips.Fotografiai mulajul. Fotografiai talpa
nclmintei cu care ai creat-o. Lipii ambele fotografii n album i indicai procesul de identificare (asemnarea indicilor
individuali).

Fotografia tlpii nclmintei

Fotografia mulajului

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Problema nr.26 Descriei ntr-un fragment de proces verbal o crare de urme depistat de D-.
Proces-verbal (fragment) de cercetare a urmelor de nclminte
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________
Problema nr.27 Enumerai unii indici de interpretare a urmelor plantare.
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Apecierea lectorului
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________

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URMELE MIJLOACELOR DE TRANSPORT

Problema nr. 28 Indicai elementele de


construcie a cii ferate i a dreumului pentru
automobile
1._____________________________________
2._____________________________________
3._____________________________________
4._____________________________________
5._____________________________________
6._____________________________________
7._____________________________________
8._____________________________________
9._____________________________________

1._____________________________________
2._____________________________________
3._____________________________________
4_____________________________________.

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Problema nr.29 Indicai prile componente ale bicicletei i a roii


1._____________________________________________
2._____________________________________________
3._____________________________________________
4._____________________________________________
5._____________________________________________
6._____________________________________________
7._____________________________________________
8._____________________________________________
9._____________________________________________
10.____________________________________________
11.____________________________________________
12.____________________________________________
13.____________________________________________
14.____________________________________________
15.____________________________________________
16.____________________________________________
18.____________________________________________

1._____________________________________________
2._____________________________________________
3._____________________________________________
4._____________________________________________
5._____________________________________________
6._____________________________________________

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Problema nr.30 Indicai n imaginile autoturismului prin sgei 18 detalii (piese) care de obicei sunt afectate la acidentul
rutier sau sunt purttori de informaie criminalistic.
1.________________________________________________
2.________________________________________________
3.________________________________________________
4.________________________________________________
5.________________________________________________
6.________________________________________________
7.________________________________________________
8.________________________________________________
9.________________________________________________
10._______________________________________________
11._______________________________________________
12._______________________________________________
13._______________________________________________
14._______________________________________________
15._______________________________________________
16._______________________________________________
18.______________________________________________.

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Problema nr.31 Examinai imaginea i indicai direcia de micare a mijlocului de transport, ecartamentul i ampatamentul

__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________

Problema nr.32 Examinai imaginile i indicai prin sgei direcia de micare a mijlocului de transport

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Problema nr.33 Examinai o urm de adncime sau de suprafa creat de un mijloc de transport i descriei-o ntr-un
fragment de proces verbal.
Proces-verbal (fragment) de descriere a urmei mijlocului de transport
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________.
Problema nr.34 n noaptea de 29 spre 30 decembrie pe marginea carosabilului a fost depistat cadavrul unei persoane
neidentificate cu semne de moarte violent care a urmat ca rezultat al unor vtmri provocate de un mijloc de transport. De pe
haina cadavrului au fost ridicate urme de vopsea de culoare albastr iar la faa locului au mai fost depistate cioburi de sticl de
culoare galben i o urm n adncime de anvelop n sol care a fost ridicat prin mulaj de gips. Descriei importana acestor
aciuni i ce informaie cu caracter criminalistic poate fi obinut n continuare i cum poate fi folosit la identificarea mijlocului
de transport?
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Aprecierea lectorului_____________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________.
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URMELE DE EFRACIE
Urme de eferacie (definiie) __________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________.
Problema nr.35 nscriei indicii (semnele) urmtoarelor urme de efracie
1.Urmele de apsare reprezint______________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________.
2.Urmele de suprafa ____________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________.
3. Urmele de tiere ________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________.
4. Urmele de alunecare ____________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________.
5. Urmele de sfredelire ____________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________.
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Problema nr.36 Avnd n vedere instrumentele indicate n imagine descriei posibilitatea folosirii acestora de infractori la
diferite tipuri de spargere i indicai ce instrumente de tip mecanic lipsesc n imagine.

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________.
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Problema nr.37 Indicai prile constructive ale uii i ferestrei.


1.________________________
2.________________________
3.________________________
4.________________________
5.________________________
6.________________________
7.________________________
8.________________________
9.________________________
10._______________________
11._______________________
12._______________________
13._______________________
14._______________________
15._______________________
16._______________________
17._______________________
18._______________________
19._______________________
20._______________________
21._______________________

1.__________________________; 2._________________________; 3.________________________; 4.____________________________;


5.__________________________; 6._________________________; 7.________________________; 8.____________________________;
9.__________________________; 10.________________________; 11._______________________; 12.___________________________.

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Problema nr.38 Indicai prile componente ale lactului cu ial


1.________________, 2._________________, 3._______________, 4._____________,
1.________________, 2._________________, 3._______________, 4._____________,
5.__________________.
1.________________, 2._________________, 3._______________, 4._____________,
5.________________, 6._________________, 7._______________, 8._____________,
9.________________, 10.________________, 11.______________, 12.____________,
13._______________, 14._________________.
Problema nr.39 Examinai o urm de efracie i o descriei ntr-un fragment
de proces verbal.
Fragment de procesverbal de descriere a urmei de efracie

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________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
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________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________.
Problema nr.40 Care sunt ntrebrile soluionate de expert la ordonarea expertizei traseologice a urmelor de efracie
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Aprecierea lectorului ______________________________________________________________________________________


________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________.

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Tema: Balistica judiciar


Balistica judiciar (definiie) ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________.
Arma de foc (definiie) _______________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________.
Clasificarea armelor
de foc

Dup destinaie

Dup calibru

Dup lun gimea


evii

Dup co nstrucia
evii

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Dup mecanismul
de dare a focului

Problema nr.41 Numii i indicai prile componente ale pistolului Makarov


1.__________________________________________
2.__________________________________________
3.__________________________________________
4.__________________________________________
5.__________________________________________
6.__________________________________________
7.__________________________________________
8.__________________________________________
9.__________________________________________
10._________________________________________
11._________________________________________
12._________________________________________
13._________________________________________
14._________________________________________

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Problema nr.42 Numii prile componente ale cartuului.


A) 1._____________________________________________
2.________________________________________________
3.________________________________________________
4.,________________________________________________
5.________________________________________________
B). 1._____________________________________________
2.________________________________________________
3.________________________________________________
4.________________________________________________
5.________________________________________________
C)1.______________________________________________
2________________________________________________
3.________________________________________________.
Problema nr.43.Numii i indicai prile componente ale
armei de vntoare
1.__________________________________________
2.__________________________________________
3.__________________________________________
4.__________________________________________
5.__________________________________________
6.__________________________________________
7.__________________________________________
8.__________________________________________
9.__________________________________________
11._________________________________________
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Problema nr.44 Numii i indicai prile componente pistolului-automat


Kalanikov.
1.__________________________. 2._________________________
3.__________________________. 4._________________________
5.__________________________. 6._________________________
7.__________________________. 8._________________________
9.__________________________ 10.________________________
11._________________________ 12.________________________.

Problema nr.45 Enumerai i indicai n imagine detaliile armei ghintuite, care


creaz urme pe tubul cartuului i pe glonte ___________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________.
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________

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Problema nr.46 Numii prile armei care au creat urme pe tubul cartuului din imagine:
1.__________________________, 2.____________________________
2.__________________________, 3.____________________________
4.__________________________, 5.____________________________
6.__________________________, 7.____________________________
8-9.________________________, 10.___________________________.
Problema nr.47 ntrebri posibile soluionate de expert la numirea
expertizei balistice
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________.
Problema nr.48 Descriei ntr-un fragment de proces verbal o arm de foc depistat la locul infraciunii i un tub de cartu
sau un glonte.
Proces verbal de cercetare la faa locului (fragment)
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Problema nr.49 Examinai cuitul. Stabilii la ce tip de arme albe


aparine.
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2._________________________________
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5._________________________________
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7._________________________________
8._________________________________
9._________________________________
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Problema nr.50 ntocmii un fragment de proces verbal de cercetare a cuitului din imagine sau a unui cuit folosit de D- la
buctrie.
Proces - verbal de cercetare ( fragment )

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Problema nr.51 ntrebrile posibile soluionate de expert la ordonarea expertizei armei albe.
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Aprecierea lectorului_____________________________________________________________________________________
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Tema: Cercetarea tehnico-criminalistic a documentelor i a scrisului


Cercetarea tehnico-criminalistic a documentelor (definiie)________________________________________________
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Sarcinile cercetrii documentelor n criminalistic sunt:
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4.______________________________________________________________________________________________________,
5.______________________________________________________________________________________________________,
6.______________________________________________________________________________________________________,
7.______________________________________________________________________________________________________,
8.______________________________________________________________________________________________________,
9.______________________________________________________________________________________________________,
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Problema nr.52 nsciei indicii de identificare a persoanei dup scris

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Problema nr.53 n textul scris de mn examinai i


descriei:
1. Indicii limbajului:_________________________
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2. Indicii topografici
Abzauri___________________________________
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Intervale___________________________________
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Forma rndurilor_____________________________
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Amplasarea textului__________________________
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3. Deprinderi specifice ale srisului______________
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4. Indici grafici generali______________________________________________________________________________________________
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Evoluia scrisului_____________________________________________________________________________________________________
Forma scrisului_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
Complexitatea scrisului________________________________________________________________________________________________
Continuitatea scrisului_________________________________________________________________________________________________
nclinaia scrisului____________________________________________________________________________________________________
Mrimea caractereleor_________________________________________________________________________________________________

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Problema nr.54
I.
Formulai ntrebrile puse expertului la ordonarea expertizei criminalistice a scrisului i a semnturii
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Enumerai materialele ce trebuie remise expertului n caz de ordonare a expertizei criminalistice a scrisului i
semnturii
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II.

Problema nr.55 Cercetai textele 1 i 2. Evedeniai indicii individuali ai srisului n tabel i rspundei: textele sunt
scrise de aceiai persoan sau de persoane diferite?

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Tabel de comparaie

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Problema nr.56 Examinai textele dactilografiate. Cercetai


indicii reflectai n texte i delimitaii n indici care permit
identificarea modelului mainii de dactilografiat i indici care
permit identificarea individual a mainii de dactilografiat
Indici

Caracteristica indicilor
Textul 1

1. Pasul mainii
2. Distana dintre
rnduri
3. Mrimea
caracterelor
lungimea
limea
4. Particularitile
mecanismului
5. Particularitile
mecanismului

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Textul 2

Problema nr.57 Selectai un document (bon de plat, act financiar, paaport tip sovietic nevalabil etc.). descriei-l ntr-un
fragment de proces verbal de cercetare. Documentul ambalai-l n conformitate cu regulile procedurale i criminalistice. Punei
ntrebrile necesare expertului.
Fragment de proces-vebal (descrierea documentului)
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ntrebri expertului

Locul plicului cu document

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Problema nr.58 Formulai ntrebrile posibile puse expertului la cercetarea tehnico-criminalistic a documentelor
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Aprecierea lectorului_____________________________________________________________________________________
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Tema: Evidenele criminalistice


Evidenele criminalistice______________________________________________________________________
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Problema nr.59 Indicai genurile evidenelor criminalistice
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Problema nr.60 Evidena dactiloscopic este ndreptat la:
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Problema nr. 61 La faa locului au fost depistate i ridicate dou amprente degetale ale bnuitului. Care sunt posibilitile de
identificare a infractorului
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Problema nr. 62 Calculai formula dactiloscopic i formula clasificrii suplimentare din fia dactiloscopic ndeplinit de D- n
acest album. Descriei modalitatea de efectuare a calculului.
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Aprecierea lectorului ______________________________________________________________________________________


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Surse bibliografice recomandabile:


1. Gh. Pescu, I.Constantin Secretele amprentelor papilare, Bucureti 1996,
2. L. Ionescu, D.Sandu Identificarea criminalistic, Bucureti 1990,
3. S. Gh.Dora Criminalistica, Chiinu 1996,
4. Gh. Pescu Interpretarea criminalistic a urmelor la locul faptei, Bucureti 2000,
5. Gh. Golubenco Urmele infraciunii, Chiinu 1999,
6. Iu. Odagiu, V.Todica Expertize juridice, Chiinu, 2003,
7. E. Stancu Investigarea criminalistic a infraciunilor,Bucureti 1998,
8. Fraila A., Pasescu Gh., Expertiza criminalistic a semnturii Bucureti, 1997
9. . . . . , 2002
10. . , 1982
11. . . , . . . . , ., 2002
12. . . . ., 1975 .
13. .. -, 2001,
14. .. , ,2002,
15. .. , , 2000,
16. .., .. / .: -, 1998.

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Recenzie
Cursantul (studentul) ______________________________________________________________________________________________________
(nume, prenume, patronimic, grupa, facultatea, secia)

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a prezentat problemarul la Catedra procedur penal i criminalistic ____________________________________________________________
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(data, persoana care a primit albumul)

Problemarul a fost verificat (controlat)________________________________________________________________________________________


(lectorul)
(nota, calificativul)

Observaii

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Cuprins:
Cuvnt nainte.........................................................................................................3
Tema:Fotografia i videofilmul judiciar.............................................................4
Problema nr. 1 .......................................................................................................4
Problema nr. 2 .....................................................................................................4
Problema nr. 3 ........................................................................................................6
Tema: Identificarea persoanei dup semnalmente exterioare (gabitologie
judiciar)................................................................................................................8
Problema nr. 4.........................................................................................................9
Problema nr..5.......................................................................................................10
Problema nr.6........................................................................................................11
Problema nr.7........................................................................................................11
Problema nr. 8.......................................................................................................12
Problema nr.9........................................................................................................13
Problema nr.10......................................................................................................13
Problema nr.11......................................................................................................13
Tema: Traseologia judiciar..............................................................................14
Problema nr.12......................................................................................................14
Problema nr.13 ....................................................................................................14
Problema nr.14......................................................................................................15
Problema nr.15......................................................................................................18
Problema nr.16......................................................................................................18
Problema nr.17......................................................................................................19
Problema nr.18......................................................................................................19
Problema nr.19......................................................................................................20
Problema nr.20......................................................................................................20
Problema nr.21......................................................................................................21
Problema nr.22......................................................................................................21
Problema nr.23......................................................................................................22
Problema nr.24......................................................................................................22
Problema nr.25......................................................................................................23
Problema nr.26......................................................................................................24
Problema nr.27 ....................................................................................................24
Problema nr.28......................................................................................................25
Problema nr.29......................................................................................................26
Problema nr.30 .....................................................................................................27
Problema nr.31......................................................................................................28

Problema nr.32......................................................................................................28
Problema nr.33......................................................................................................29
Problema nr.34......................................................................................................29
Problema nr.35......................................................................................................30
Problema nr.36......................................................................................................31
Problema nr.37......................................................................................................32
Problema nr.38......................................................................................................33
Problema nr.39......................................................................................................33
Problema nr.40......................................................................................................34
Tema: Balistica judiciar...................................................................................35
Problema nr.41......................................................................................................36
Problema nr.42......................................................................................................36
Problema nr.43......................................................................................................37
Problema nr.44 .....................................................................................................38
Problema nr.45......................................................................................................38
Problema nr.46......................................................................................................39
Problema nr.47 ....................................................................................................39
Problema nr.48 ....................................................................................................39
Problema nr.49..................................................................................................... 40
Problema nr.50 .....................................................................................................41
Problema nr.51 .....................................................................................................42
Tema: Cercetarea tehnico-criminalistic a documentelor i a scrisului ......43
Problema nr.52..................................................................................................... 44
Problema nr.53 .....................................................................................................45
Problema nr.54 .....................................................................................................46
Problema nr.55 .....................................................................................................46
Problema nr.56 .....................................................................................................48
Problema nr.57..................................................................................................... 49
Problema nr.58 .....................................................................................................50
Tema: Evidenele criminalistice .......................................................................51
Problema nr.59 .....................................................................................................51
Problema nr.60 .....................................................................................................51
Problema nr.61 .....................................................................................................52
Problema nr.62 .....................................................................................................52
Surse bibliografice recomandabile ...................................................................53
Recenzie ...............................................................................................................54

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Subiecte pentru verificarea cunotinelor teoretice:


1. Criminalistica tiina cercetrii infraciunilor.
2. Sistemul criminalisticii.
3. Legtura criminalisticii cu alte tiine i ramuri de drept.
4. Metodele de cunoatere ale criminalisticii.
5. Noiunea, importana identificrii criminalistice.
6. Activitatea de identificare criminalistic.
7. Mijloace i metode criminalistice de cmp.
8. Metode i mijloace tehnico-criminalistice de laborator.
9. Fotografia judiciar operativ.
10. Fotografia judiciar de examinare.
11. Fotografierea aciunilor de anchet.
12. Noiunea, obiectul, sarcinile balisticii judiciare.
13. Urmele mpucturii.
14. Expertiza balistic.
15. Clasificarea armelor albe.
16. Cercetarea criminalistic a armelor albe.
17. Noiunea, sarcinile, scopul traseologiei judiciare.
18. Urmele de mini.
19. Urmele de efracie.
20. Urmele de picioare i a mijloacelor de transport.
21. Cercetarea microurmelor.
22. Cercetarea urmelor biologice de natur uman.
23. Urmele homeoscopice.
24. Clasificarea urmelor n criminalistic.
25. Urmele de mbrcminte.
26. Indicii de identificare a persoanei dup scrisul de mn.
27. Metode de falsificare a documentelor i depistarea lor.
28. Noiunea, obiectul, scopul, sarcinile gabitologiei judiciare.
29. Identificarea persoanei dup metoda protretului vorbit.
30. Mijloace tehnice de identificare a persoanei dup semnalmentele exterioare.

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Important:

ntrebrile i problemele care apar n procesul


rezolvrii problemelor din acest problemar le putei
soluiona n cadrul consultaiilor la Catedra procedur
penal i criminalistic.

Graficul consultaiilor la disciplina


Criminalistica:
1.
Iu.Odagiu mari 1500-1800
2. S. Nestor luni - 1500-1800.

Tel. 73.75.18