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Tortricidae

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Tortricidae

Bactra lancealana

Scientific classification Kingdom: Phylum: Class: Order: Suborder: Infraorder: Section: Animalia Arthropoda Insecta Lepidoptera Glossata Heteroneura Cossina

Subsection: Superfamily: Family:

Cossina Tortricoidea Tortricidae


Latreille, 1803

Subfamilies & Tribes


Chlidanotinae Tortricinae Olethreutinae

See also Taxonomy of Tortricidae for full list of genera. Diversity Over 1,050 genera Over 10,350 species Synonyms Olethreutidae Tortricidae is a family of moths, commonly known as tortrix moths, in the order Lepidoptera. Tortricidae is a large family with over 10,350 species described, and is the sole member of the superfamily Tortricoidea.[1] Many of these are economically important pests. Olethreutidae is a junior synonym. The typical resting posture is with the wings folded back producing a rather rounded profile.
Contents
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1 Some common Tortricids


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1.1 A typical tortricid - the codling moth

2 See also 3 References 4 External links

Some common Tortricids[edit]


The Tortricids include many economically important pests, including :

Summer fruit tortrix moth (Adoxophyes orana) Fruit tree tortrix moth (Archips podana) Rose leaf roller (Archips rosana) Argyrotaenia ljungiana, a pest on vines, maize and fruit trees Peach moth (Cydia molesta) Codling moth (Cydia pomonella) Plum fruit moth (Cydia funebrana) Pea moth (Cydia nigricana) Chestnut and acorn moth (Cydia splendana) Grape berry moth (Endopiza viteana) Light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana) Hemp borer (Grapholita delineana) Oriental fruit moth (Grapholita molesta) Cherry fruitworm (Grapholita packardi) European Grapevine Moth (Lobesia botrana) Barred fruit tree tortrix moth (Pandemis cerasana) Long-palped tortrix (Vine leaf roller) (Sparganothis pilleriana) Bud moth (Spilonota ocellana) False codling moth (Thaumatotibia (Cryptophlebia) leucotreta)

See also Mexican jumping bean moth (Cydia deshaisiana)

A typical tortricid - the codling moth[edit]


Tortricidae is considered to be the single most important family of insects that feed on apple, both economically and in diversity of feeding found on fruit, buds, leaves and shoots. In New York state, no less than 17 species of Tortricidae have gained pest status in regards to apple production. The Codling moth Cydia pomonella is the species which causes worm-holes in apples. It has been accidentally spread from its original range in Europe and is now found in North and South America, South Africa, Australia and New Zealandwherever apples are grown. Control has required the use of the harshest available insecticides - historically lead arsenateand DDT were used. These chemicals brought considerable environmental dangers, and in any case the insect gradually developed resistance to them.

Currently organophosphate sprays are favoured, timed carefully to catch the hatching larvae before they can bore into the fruit.

See also[edit]

List of Tortricidae genera

References[edit]

Firefly Encyclopedia of Insects and Spiders, edited by Christopher O'Toole, ISBN 1-55297-612-2, 2002
1. ^ van Nieukerken et al. (2011). "Order Lepidoptera Linnaeus, 1758. In: Zhang, Z.Q. (Ed.) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness". Zootaxa 3148: 212221.

External links[edit]
Wikispecies has information related to:Tortricidae Wikimedia Commons has media related to:Tortricidae

British Tortricoid Moths. Tortricid.net Family Tortricidae at Lepidoptera.pro Eurasian Tortricidae Tortricid Fauna of Apple In New York.(LEPIDOPTERA: TORTRICIDAE): Including An Account Of Apples' Occurrence In The State, Especially As A Naturalized Plant, written by P.J. Chapman and S.E. Link, Geneva: New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, 1971 Rhyacionia frustrana, Nantucket pine tip moth on the UF / IFAS Featured Creatures Web site

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