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Huawei CS Fallback(CSFB) Solution

Author/ Email: lihaifeng/mac.li@huawei.com Version: v1.8(20130425) HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Content

Why CS Fallback CS Fallback Solution Overview

Flexible Deployment in Core Network


Successful Story

Major Deployment Options of LTE Voice


IMS based LTE voice VoLTE
(LTE for data & voice) Provide voice service based on LTE network, support inter-work with 2G/3G
Rich services experience

Less connection time than CS >3 times frequency efficiency

LTE voice solution

CS fallback
Attach LTE first, switch to CS for voice

Fast supply basic voice service for LTE users Longer connection time

Reuse CS
LTE for data only

SVLTE
Attach to 2G/3G & LTE simultaneously, 2G/3G for voice

Less impact to network High cost & power consumption of terminal Traditional service in CS

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Content

Why CS Fallback CS Fallback Solution Overview

Flexible Deployment in Core Network


Successful Story

CS Fallback Solution Overview


Terminal
CSFB capable terminal
LI Reused Billing Center OSS HLR/HSS

Radio network
Optional upgrade of BSC/RNC
according to CSFB mechanism

Core network
Upgrade VMSC to support CSFB

GMSC

VMSC MME S/P-GW EPC/PS

function. Or deploy CSFB proxy


New SGs interface connect to MME
CS

SGs

Provision
Convergent HLR/HSS for 2G/3G/4G
CS fallback GERAN/UTRAN Renewed

user is recommended.
No change to LI and charging

LTE

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NEs List in CSFB Deployment


NE
HSS/HLR MSC SGSN RNC/BSS SCP/RBT/SMC STP MME eNodeB

Function Description
Support 2G/3G/4G subscription data. Convergent HSS for 2G/3G/4G recommended to get a simple user data management Support CSFB function, or deploy a new MSC as CSFB proxy No requirements if using R8 Redirection fallback mechanism 1. Support sending the page response to MSC when the page request sent by MME, not through the BSC/RNC 2. Support 3GPP R8 phase and can broadcast 4G adjacent area information 3. Fast return to LTE after CS service is recommended to be triggered by BSC/RNC for better user experience NA Support FNR(flexible number routing) function while using different HLR/HSS for 2G/3G and 4G user All the new MME should support CSFB and select a MSC in the Pool base on IMSI-Hash Support CSFB function and R8 redirection fallback mechanism in blind mode at least 1. Support sending data to HSS or HLR based on the users type. If the user is 4G, the data should send to HSS and STP with FNR. if the user is 2G/3G ,the data should send to HLR 2. Delete the 3G /2G data in HLR when user upgrade to 4G in HSS 3. Reuse existing CS for LI and charging
Huawei Confidential Page 6

Provision

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Surging Smart Phones Capable of CS Fallback

HTC Raider 4G LTE smart-phone

HTC Vivid LTE smart-phone

LG Nitro LTE smart-phone

Arrows X LTE F-05D

iPhone 5
700/AWS/2.6GHz 700MHz/AWS 700MHz/AWS 2100MHz

700MHz/AWS 800/1800/2600MHz
NEC Medias LTE N-04D (02-2012) Pantech HSPA+/LTE smartphone Samsung Galaxy S II /S lll LTE

850MHz 2100MHz
LG Optimus LTE smart-phone

2100MHz

700/850MHz AWS

700/AWS

2100MHz

850MHz

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Various CSFB Mechanisms and Impacts


CSFB Mechanism Impacts on UTRAN/GERAN
Yes Yes No Yes Impacts on PS Yes Yes No Yes

Impacts on terminal
Yes Yes Yes Yes

Impacts on CS core Network


No(1) No(1) No(1) No(1)

LTE CSFB to 2G(GERAN)

R8 CCO with NACC PS Handover R8 redirection R9 redirection with SIB

LTE CSFB to 3G(UTRAN)


Different mechanisms result in different call set-up delays and deployment 3GPP R8 redirection recommended for fast deployment without extra requirements on BSC/RNC 3GPP R9 redirection with SIB(2) and PSHO recommended considering less latency

Note: 1.the various mechanism s are transparent towards CS core 2.3GPP R9 redirection also known as Flash CSFB in Huawei RAN solution
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 8

Service Provision Overview


Provision system
USIM data

Convergent HSS
4G user data CS data PS data

2G/3G user data


Routing data
HLR

All data of 4G user

EPS data

Convergent HSS STP(FNR)

Deploy convergent HSS for all data of 4G user

2G/3G user data

SIM/USIM data CS data PS data

Subscription data provision for 2G/3G/4G

Existing HLR

1. Provision system send data to HSS or HLR based on the users type. For 4G user, all data is sent to HSS, for 2G/3G user, the data is sent to HLR 2. 2G/3G data in HLR is deleted when user upgraded to 4G

Flexible Number Routing for CSFB provisioning


1. STP should be enhanced with flexible number routing between 2G/3G(including fallback user) and 4G user 2. Routing data is updated to STP when 4G user provisioning 3. STP route service message to HLR or HSS based on FNR 4. Support 4G migration without changing number in 2G/3G with FNR

Keep existing HLR no change for legacy 2G/3G user


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Flexible CSFB Deployments in Core Network


Huawei innovation

Standard Deployment

Proxy Deployment

SGs

SGs MME CSFB Proxy MME

upgrade
Existing MSCs Enhanced MSCs with CSFB

Existing MSCs

Upgrade all MSCs and enhanced with CSFB Expensive cost and heavy upgrade work in some cases The user experience is better for less latency

Introduce new MSC as CSFB Proxy Fast deployment and shorten time-to-market A simple approach for 4G only operator to provide LTE voice

Operator has the flexible choice to realize the CSFB deployment

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FOR ATCA MSC ONLY

Flexible Evolution Protect Your Investment


Pre-VoLTE
Standard deployment

VoLTE
IMS

ICS
IMS

EPC EPC

+
Enhanced MSCs with mAGCF

EPC

Enhanced MSCs with CSFB

Enhanced with SRVCC/MGCF/VIG

Pre-VoLTE
Proxy deployment

VoLTE
IMS EPC MGW EPC

IPX

+
MGW MSCs

CS/EPC/IMS /PSTN/

MSCs Deploy MSC-S as CSFB proxy

MSCs Enhanced with SRVCC/MGCF/VIG

Enhanced with GMSC/IBCF/IBGF/ISBC

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Comprehensive integration experiences ensure fast TTM


Um/Uu A/Iu

MSC
SGs

LTE-Uu

End-to-end Multi-vendor

RAN
S1

CSFB UE

LTE

MME

S6a

C/D

HLR/HSS

Interface
SGs C/D S6a
A/Iu S1 Um/Uu/LTEUu

Equipment Vendor(Partial)
MME HLR(HSS) HSS
BSC/RNC eNodeB UE

Reference(Partial)

Mechanism
3GPP R8 Redirection

Huawei, Cisco, Ericsson, NSN Huawei, Ericsson, NSN Huawei, Ericsson, NSN
Huawei, Ericsson, NSN Huawei, Ericsson, NSN Huawei(P1/D1), Apple(iPhone 5), Samsung(Galaxy II/III), HTC
Russia Saudi Arabia China Saudi Arabia Norway South Africa Malaysia Hongkong Netherlands

The interfaces are same for both CSFB and CSFB Proxy deployment
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 12

Call Setup Time Reference (R8)


2G calls 2G, no fallback

Under CSFB standard deployment

6.06 s
2.79

Reusing

2G

4G calls 2G, fallback to 2G

8.85 s
5.58

4G calls 4G, fallback to 2G

11.64 s

3G calls 3G, no fallback Reusing

4.85 s
1.02

3G

4G calls 3G, fallback to 3G

5.87 s
6.87 s

4G calls 4G, fallback to 3G Note:

2.02

The latency information contained in this document depends on end-to-end network conditions with necessary optimization, and it should NOT represent any commitment. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential

Source from Huawei lab under conditions: 3GPP Rel8 redirection, etc.

Page 13

Call Setup Time Reference (R9)


2G calls 2G, no fallback

Under CSFB standard deployment

6.06 s
0.79

Reusing

2G

4G calls 2G, fallback to 2G

6.85 s 7.64 s

4G calls 4G, fallback to 2G

1.58

3G calls 3G, no fallback Reusing

4.85 s
0.64

3G

4G calls 3G, fallback to 3G

5.49 s
6.09 s

4G calls 4G, fallback to 3G Note:

1.24

The latency information contained in this document depends on end-to-end network conditions with necessary optimization, and it should NOT represent any commitment. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential

Source from Huawei labunder conditions: 3GPP Rel9 redirection, etc.

Page 14

Content

Why CS Fallback CS Fallback Solution Overview


Standard Deployment
Option 1
SGs

Flexible Deployment in Core Network


Successful Story
Existing MSCs

upgrade
Enhanced MSCs with CSFB

MME

Deployment

Procedure

CSFB Standard Deployment in CS


Deployment principle

HLR(2G/3G)

HSS (4G)

STP(FNR)

CS core network

Upgrade all MSC Server in Pool to the target


software version

C/D

All MSC Servers enable CSFB function to support both CS and CSFB user access
VMSC A/Iu

SGs

MME

HLR/HSS

Deploy convergent HSS for 4G user to get a simple user data management

BSC/RNC

Keep existing HLR no change


Use STP with FNR function to select HLR or HSS for 2G/3G/4G(fallback user)

BTS eNodeB

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Deployment

Procedure

SGs Associated Location Update


Convergent HSS General routingin MME TA1 -> LAI1 -> MSS1 TA2 -> LAI1 -> MSS1 TA3 -> LAI2 -> MSS2 Routing towards MSC pool IMSI Hash -> MSS x MME MME MSS1 MSS2

Insert user data


2

Location update

MSC SGs CS
1

TA1
EPC

TA2 LAI1

TA3 LAI2

TAU Request

LTE

CSFB capable LTE terminal

MME find CSFB VMSC number according to TA-LAI-MSC mapping After successful SGs location update, VMSC get ready for later CSFB procedure For MSC Pool, MME find VMSC based on IMSI hash table/TMSI in MME
* Only major procedures are presented in this slide for better understanding

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Deployment

Procedure

Basic Call Procedure


MSC

MME

MSC

MME

SGs CS
3 1

SGs EPC CS
4 2

EPC

2G/3G
2

LTE

2G/3G
3

LTE

MO Procedures UE receive fallback indication after CS service request UE fallback to 2G/3G UE initiate CS service request as normal CS procedure

MT Procedures MSS send paging over SGs after receiving incoming call MME trigger fallback indication UE fallback to 2G/3G UE send paging response to MSC as normal CS procedure

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Deployment

Procedure

Basic SMS Procedure


SMC SMC/SMC-Gateway

MSC

SMS over SGs

MME

MSC

SMS over SGs

MME

SGs CS EPC CS

SGs

EPC

LTE

LTE

Originating SMS over SGs without fallback procedure

Terminated SMS over SGs without fallback procedure

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Deployment

Procedure

MTRF Improves Call Complete Rate for CSFB calls


HLR
MTRF/MTRR: Mobile Terminated Roaming Forwarding/Retry, CCR: Call Complete Rate

6. Cancel Location

5. Location Update

Description
VMSC1 1. IAM(MSRN) 4.Send Identification(*1) 7. PRN(*2)/RSP 8. IAM 3.Location update 9.Paging VMSC2

When receiving call on the borders of different MSCs /Pools area, CSFB UE may roam to neighbor MSC/VLR area, and the previous VMSC can forward the call to current VMSC with MTRF function.

2.Paging via SGs

Benefits
Call complete rate(CCR) is improved for CSFB call Better user experience

LAI1

LAI2

CSFB call received on borders

MTRF(MSC mode) required on MSC only:


*1: MTRF supported flag and New MSC/VLR number contained in G interface *2: MTRF indicator flag and Old MSC number contained

MTRF(HLR mode) required on both MSC and HLR:


Location Update: MTRF supported flag contained Cancel Location: MTRF supported and Authorized flag and New MSC/VLR number contained

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Deployment

Procedure

Fast Return to LTE at the end of CSFB call


Without fast return PS CSFB CS call cell reselection PS Ready

LTE

Release call with CSFB indication


LTE With fast return PS

GSM/UMTS

8s after UE idle with unreachable time


PS Ready CS call

LTE

Direct access
frequency info.
G/U

CSFB

GSM/UMTS

500ms after CS call

Description
At the end of a CSFB call in GSM/UMTS network, the frequency information of LTE cell is sent in RRC Connection Release message in order to instruct the UE to camp on the LTE cell instead of cell re-selection to LTE.

Benefits
This feature accelerate the camping back to LTE after voice call release and reduce unreachable time of LTE user
Avoid the impact to non-CSFB user(e.g. UE may be out of network when trying to access LTE for about 10 seconds)

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Deployment

Procedure

CSFB Backup and Recovery


CSFB MSC
PRN Convergence HSS/HLR SGs paging Paging MSC Pool SGs MME Pool

MME

Fault case 1: CSFB MSC down


HLR route terminated call to normal CSFB MSC CSFB MSC route the call to MME according to backup information

CS

EPC PRN RAN(2G/3G/4G) SGs paging Paging

High reliable networking for CSFB


MSC Pool networking with real time backup of CSFB users MME pool networking Immediate terminated call recovery in down time of CSFB/MME

Fault case 2: MME down


CSFB MSC reselect normal MME for terminated call

VLR Real-time Backup


HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 22

Content

Why CS Fallback
Proxy Deployment

CS Fallback Solution Overview

Option 2

Flexible Deployment in Core Network


Successful Story
Existing MSCs

+
CSFB Proxy

SGs

MME

Deployment

Procedure

Performance

CSFB Proxy, the most efficient way to initiate LTE voice


HSS/HLR

Low TCO
Deploy one MSC-S(no MGW) as CSFB Proxy Evolve to SRVCC-IWF/MGCF in VoLTE phase

MSC-Server (as CSFB Proxy) SGs

Fast TTM
Least impacts to existing CS, reusing BOSS, LI Fastest 1 month

CS

MME Pool

EPC

Full service inheritance


RAN(2G/3G/4G)

Fallback to existing CS for services handling Free of worry

CSFB Proxy Network topology

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Deployment

Procedure

Performance

SGs Associated Location Update


Convergent HSS Routing policies in MME CSFB MSS with common fake LAI

Insert user data


2

Location update
MME

All TA -> common fake LAI -> CSFB MSS MME

VMSC

CSFB proxy

SGs CS
1

TA1
EPC

TA2 LAI1

TA3 LAI2

TAU Request MME find CSFB MSC number according to TA-LAI-MSC mapping

LTE

CSFB capable LTE terminal

After successful SGs location update, CSFB MSC get ready for later
CSFB procedure, and VMSC need extra implicit location update

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Deployment

Procedure

Performance

Basic MO Call Procedure


MO Procedures UE register to 2G/3G VMSC when fall back to the corresponding physical LAI area. Location update is needed in CSFB proxy procedure and extra latency is introduced compared with standard CSFB.

HLR VMSC MME CSFB proxy SGs CS EPC

2G/3G

LTE

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Deployment

Procedure

Performance

Basic MT Call Procedure for Native User


HLR

Proxy MME GMSC VMSC SAE GW

EPC

Proxy Send paging over SGs when receiving the PRN from HLR LTE terminal fallback and register to VMSC Proxy trigger the 2nd SRI procedure when receiving the Cancel Location from HLR and respond roaming number to GMSC Bearer is established bypassing proxy MSC No requirements on the existing MSC and HLR Difficult in implementing 2nd SRI in international scenario
Page 27

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Deployment

Procedure

Performance

Optimized MT Call Procedure for Native User


HLR Optimization required

Proxy MME GMSC VMSC SAE GW

EPC

Proxy Send paging over SGs when receiving the PRN from HLR, and trigger the fallback of MS from LTE to 2G/3G LTE terminal register to VMSC and HLR, cancel location from proxy Proxy trigger PRN procedure directly to VMSC and respond roaming number to GMSC Bearer is established bypassing proxy MSC 2nd SRI procedure is avoided, optimized delay Fast service launch in international roaming scenario
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 28

Deployment

Procedure

Performance

Basic SMS Procedure


SMC SMC/SMC-Gateway

Proxy

SMS over SGs

MME

Proxy

SMS over SGs

MME

SGs CS EPC CS

SGs

EPC

LTE

LTE

Same procedure with that in standard deployment Proxy can provide the SMS charging and LI service if not provided in SMSC
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Same procedure with that in standard deployment Proxy can provide the SMS charge and LI service if not provided in SMSC
Page 29

Huawei Confidential

Deployment

Procedure

Performance

CSFB Proxy Backup and Recovery


CSFB Proxy
PRN Convergence HSS/HLR SGs paging Paging

MME

VLR Real-time Backup


SGs

Fault case 1: CSFB Proxy down


HLR route terminated call to normal CSFB Proxy CSFB Proxy route the call to MME according to backup information

CS

MME Pool

EPC PRN

RAN(2G/3G/4G)

SGs paging Paging

High reliable networking for CSFB


1+1 load share of CSFB Proxy with real time backup of CSFB users MME pool networking Immediate terminated call recovery in down time of CSFB Proxy/MME

Fault case 2: MME down


CSFB Proxy reselect normal MME for terminated call

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Deployment

Procedure

Performance

E2E well-proven optimizations ensure better user experience


Optimization overview
Normal Call MO/MT MO Fallback MO Location Update

CSFB Call additional procedure


MT Location Update Paging (4G) MO Fallback MT Fallback

7 8 7,8

2~6 2~6 2~6 2~6

1 1 1 1

MT Fallback
Dual Fallback

Optimization Point
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Skip SIBs & SIB schedule adjust Skip Send IMSI Shorten Send authentication Skip check IMEI Skip TMSI reallocation Shorten Cipher Latency Calling party Follow ON Called party with CSMT support

Related Field
UE/RNC CSFB Proxy VMSC VMSC or MME VMSC RAN VMSC/UE UE/VMSC

Reduced latency in live network


0.7s 0.1s 0.4s

0.2s 0.6s 1.1s 1.5s

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. conditions

Note: The latency information contained in this document depends on end-to-end network Page 31 Huawei Confidential and it does NOT represent with necessary optimization, any commitment.

Deployment

Procedure

Performance

Satisfied Performance From an European Live Network

3GPP R8 redirection based with fallback to 3G


HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 32

Deployment

Procedure

Performance

Demo in F5 live center: CSFB Proxy fast call setup & return
Single call Concurrent calls Fast return LTE

5s
5s
CSFB 117 Time service CSFB 3G 3G
Download movie

117

7s
3G

calls 117 when downloading the downloading goes on

Same call experience A user is not aware of the fallback


Note: adopt 3GPP R8 redirection based CSFB, fall back to 3G
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 33

Content

Why CS Fallback CS Fallback Solution Overview

Flexible Deployment in Core Network


Successful Story

Worldwide References
References for CSFB Standard Deployment

Hongkong

Malaysia

CMHK

Kuwait

Philippine

Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia

Namibia Thailand BFKT Paraguay Tigo

Philippine Smart Norway UAE Russia South Africa Venezuela Sri Lanka Russia Sri Lanka Dialog

References for CSFB Proxy Deployment

Netherlands

Saudi Arabia

Romania

Colombia

Spain

Mexico

Oman

Oman

Total projects operating: 75 (Standard deployment: 35, Proxy deployment:33)


HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 35

Some customer feedbacks sharing


2012.12 Holland KPN, CSFP Proxy deployment
Dear Victor, I would like to take this opportunity to formally express my appreciation to you and your team for the effort and excellent performance within the LTE program of KPN. Furthermore I want to congratulate you and your team with the current result. During the last couple of months we discussed the performance of the Huawei EPC team on several different management levels and I want to express how pleased KPN is with the efforts and achievements of the Huawei team. Huawei delivered the EPC project in the shortest timeline possible. All milestones are met on time or even before the deadline. The Huawei project team has shown tremendous commitment and perseverance in realizing project targets and requirements and succeeded in delivering this strategic project for KPN in a very controlled manor. I am also very pleased by way the Huawei project team members interacted with the KPN project members. All Huawei team members demonstrated great professionalism and maintained a pleasant constructive attitude during formal and informal discussions. I look forward to continue working with Huawei project team in the next steps of the project and I have full confidence we will be successful again. ---Rob Geurts, Program manager

2013.04 Malaysia Maxis, CSFB standard deployment


MAXIS THE FIRST TO ACTIVATE 4G LTE FOR APPLE DEVICES All new and existing Maxis customers using iPhone 5, iPad mini and iPad 4 can now enjoy super fast internet on Maxis 4G LTE network Well done! We are undisputed speed king in Msia and always at forefront of technology. Thank you all for taking this to another level and for making history -- CS Yap, Head of Network

2013.03 Saudi Zain, CSFB Proxy deployment


The experience under Huawei CSFB Proxy is better than that in NSN CSFB standard deployment -- from Zain Group after experience in Saudi OPCO by comparing with that in Kuwait OPCO Page 36 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential

Commercial CSFB in Hong Kong PCCW (Feb. 2012)


Field CS/PS/EPC Solution Huawei
HLR (2G/3G) Convergent HSS (4G)

HLR/HSS
3G/LTE LTE terminal

Huawei
Huawei SAMSUNG galaxy SII and HTC holiday

C/D

SGs

MME

MSC POOL

CS fallback mechanism
CS deployment HSS deployment

R8 redirection
Standard deployment(update all MSC to support CSFB) Convergent HSS for all data of 4G user
BSC/RNC

Benefits
Fast deployment in 1 month, short TTM First LTE voice network in Hong Kong telecom market, increasing brand Brings successful market(10000sub in 2 months), win the beginning
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 37
BTS eNodeB

KPN, Step Forward Confidently with Huawei


KPN awards Huawei a bonus for excellent delivery
CSFB Proxy Existing CS EPC

Fast TTM(in 3 months) Fast Fallback to CS Fast Return to LTE

Case DNA
Challenges: To win the competition edge, KPN needs to deploy commercial LTE voice network within 3 months as the surging of smart phones capable of CS fallback. Huawei solutions: 1 MSS as CSFB Proxy is deployed over the existing core network to meet the TTM, which has no impacts on existing BSS, OSS and LI. Benefits: 1) Reusing CS to provide voice/SMS service and saving CAPEX in the initial LTE phase 2) Fast launch of LTE voice before commercial VOLTE and win the competition edge
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 38

Thank you
www.huawei.com

Copyright2011 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All Rights Reserved. The information contained in this document is for reference purpose only, and is subject to change or withdrawal according to specific customer requirements and conditions.

Deployment

Procedure

Performance

Call Setup Time Reference for CSFB Proxy (R8)


Evaluation required for commercial launch 2G calls 2G, no fallback

6.06 s
5.76

Reusing

2G

4G calls 2G, fallback to 2G

11.82 s
8.17

4G calls 4G, fallback to 2G

14.23 s

3G calls 3G, no fallback Reusing

4.85 s
2.22

4G calls 3G, fallback to 3G

3G
4G calls 4G, fallback to 3G Note:
4.61

7.07 s
9.46 s

Source from Huawei lab under conditions: 3GPP Rel8 redirection, CSMT, etc. The latency information contained in this document depends on end-to-end network conditions with necessary optimization, and it should NOT represent any commitment. Page 40 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential

Deployment

Procedure

Performance

Call Setup Time Reference for CSFB Proxy (R9)


2G calls 2G, no fallback

6.06 s
3.76

Reusing

2G

4G calls 2G, fallback to 2G

9.82 s 10.23 s

4G calls 4G, fallback to 2G

4.17

3G calls 3G, no fallback Reusing

4.85 s
1.84

4G calls 3G, fallback to 3G

3G
4G calls 4G, fallback to 3G Note:
4.23

6.69 s
9.08 s

Source from Huawei lab under conditions: 3GPP Rel9 redirection, CSMT, etc. The latency information contained in this document depends on end-to-end network conditions with necessary optimization, and it should NOT represent any commitment. Page 41 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential