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PRESENT PERFECT TENSE

Describing or expressing an action


that happened at an unspecified
time before now.

Designed By: Iin Hermiyanto S.Pd.


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PRESENT PERFECT TENSE

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LANGUAGE FOCUS:
Present Perfect Tense
Pattern (pola): Affirmative
(+) I/ you / we / they + ………… + …………
He / she / it + ………… + ……….
Example:
1. I have had breakfast
2. Ms. Ulies has sent the e-mail.

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LANGUAGE FOCUS:
Present Perfect Tense
Pattern (pola): Negative
(-) I/ you / we / they + ………… + …………
He / she / it + ………… + ……….
Example:
1. I haven’t had breakfast
2. Ms. Ulies hasn’t sent the e-mail.

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LANGUAGE FOCUS:
Present Perfect Tense
Pattern (pola): Question
(?) …………… + I/ you / we / they + …………
…………… + He / she / it + ……….
Example:
1. Have you had breakfast?
2. Has she sent the e-mail?

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Other usage:
• A few adverbs are used in present
perfect.

Ever, never, just, already, yet

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Examples (+)
(+) 1. I have just met Mr. Agus.

2. The students have already finished their homework.

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Examples (-)
(-) 3. Viby has never traveled by train.

4. I have never been to France

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Examples (?)
(?) 5. A: Have you ever climbed Everest?
B : No, I haven’t.

6. Have you ever been to Germany?

7.. Has she called you yet?

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Irregular past participles 
-Verb III
1. ..\ENGLISH PAGE - Irregular Verbs
1 - Interactive Exercise.htm

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Irregular past participles
- Verb III
2. ..\Irregular Verb Flashcards 1.htm

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EXERCISE 1
• ..\Irregular Past Participles.htm

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Compare these sentences!
Present perfect and simple past
1. My family visited the exotic country
last year

2. Jack’s father has ever visited the


exotic country.

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Compare these sentences!
Present perfect and simple past
3. Dave wrote a letter for his grandma
last week.

4. Rana has written 3 letters for her


grandma

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Compare these sentences!
Present perfect and simple past
5. A: Did you see him this morning?
B: Yes, I saw him in a classroom
6. A: Have you seen him?
B: Yes, I have.

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Games:
Sentence-ordering puzzle
• 1 ..\Sentence-Ordering Puzzle (1).htm

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Games:
Sentence-ordering puzzle
• 2 ..\Sentence-Ordering Puzzle
(2).htm

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Activity 1:
• Read the newspaper extracts and put
them in the right order!

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Evaluation
• ..\Present Perfect and Simple
Past.htm

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Reinforcement:
WRITING NEWS
• Imagine you are in the year 2020. In
pairs, write a TV news program.
• Stage 1: Planning  think of a news
item you want to write! (Politics,
scientific discovery, entertainment,
sports, etc.)

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Example: WRITING NEWS
The Indonesian young boxer, Abi Rafdi,
26, has defeated the strong
challenger from Russia, Ivan Kovack.
He knocked him out in the third
round in MGM, Canada, last night.
Now he has had 2 World
Championship titles, IBF and WBA.
The promoter is planning to challenge
a World champion from US for WBA
level.
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(headline)

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