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List of References on Turbulence Modeling 1. Abu Ghannam, B.J., Shaw, R.

(1980), Natural transition of boundary layers-the effects of turbulence, pressure gradient and flow history, Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science, vol.22, pp. 131-138 Amano, R.S. (1984), Development of a turbulence near-wall model and its application to separated and reattached flows'', Numerical Heat Transfer, vol. 7, pp. 59-75 Baldwin, B.S, Lomax, H. (1978), Thin layer approximation and algebraic model for separated turbulent flows'', AIAA paper, pp. 78-257 Baldwin B.S., Berth T.J. (1990), A one-equation turbulence transport model for high Reynolds number wall bounded flows, NASA TM-102847 Blair, M.F, Werle, M.J (1980), The influence of free stream turbulence on the zero pressure gradient fully turbulent energy equation boundary layer'', UTRC Report. R80-914388-12 Bousquet N., Cazalbou J.B., Chassaing P. (1999), A proposal for taking into account the intermittency phenomenon in the calculation of wall bounded turbulent flows, Proc. Engineering Turbulence Modelling and Experiments-4, Corsica, France, 24th 26th May, pp.125-134 Boussinesq, J. (1877), Theorie de l'ecoulement tourbillant'', Mem. Presentes par Divers Savants Acad. Sci. Inst. France, vol. 23, pp. 46-50 Bradshaw, P., Ferris, D.H, Atwell, N.P (1967), Calculation of boundary layer development using the turbulent energy equation'', Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 28, pp. 593-616 Byggstoyl S., Kollmann W. (1981), Closure model for intermittent turbulent flows, Int. Journal of Heat & Mass Transfer, vol. 24, no. 11, pp. 1811-1822 Cantwell, B., Coles, D. (1983), An experimental study of entrainment and transport in the turbulent near-wake of a circular cylinder'', Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 136, pp. 321-374 Cebeci, T., Smith, A.M.O (1974), Analysis of turbulent boundary layers, Academic Press, New York Cebeci, T., Chang, K.C. (1978), Calculation of incompressible rough wall boundary layer flows'', AIAA Journal, vol. 16, no. 7, pp. 730-735


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Cebeci, T., (1983), Numerical and Physical aspects of Aerodynamic flows II, Springer Verlag, New York Chapman, D.R. (1980), Trends and pacing items in computational aerodynamics, Lecture notes in Physics, vol.141, Ed. W.C.Reynolds and R.W. McCormack, Springer Verlag, pp.1-12 Chen, H.C., Patel, V.C. (1988), Near wall turbulence models for complex flows including separation, AIAA Journal, vol. 26, pp. 641-648 Chien, K.Y. (1982), Predictions of channel and boundary layer flows with a low Reynolds number turbulence model, AIAA Journal, vol.20, no.1, pp. 33-38 Chieng, C.C., Launder, B.E. (1980), On the calculation of turbulent transport downstream from an abrupt pipe expansion, Numerical Heat Transfer, vol. 3, pp. 189-207 Cho J.R., Chung M.K. (1992), A k- equation turbulence model, Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol.237, pp. 301-322 Chou, P.Y. (1945), On the velocity correlations and the solution of the equations of turbulent fluctuation, Quart. App. Math., vol.3, p.38 Coles, D.E., Hirst, E.A. (1969), Computation of Turbulent Boundary Layers 1968, AFOSR-IFP-Stanford Conference, vol. II, Stanford University, CA Craft T.J., Launder B.E (1996), A Reynolds stress closure designed for complex geometries, International Journal of Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 17, pp. 245-254 Durbin P.A. (1991), Near wall turbulence closure modeling without damping functions, Theoretical & Computational Fluid Dynamics, vol. 3, pp.1-13 Durbin P.A. (1993), A Reynolds stress model for near wall turbulence, Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 249, pp. 465-498 Durbin P.A. (1995), Separated flow computations with the AIAA Journal, vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 659-664
k v 2

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Durbin P.A. (1996), On the k- stagnation point anomaly, International Journal of Heat and Fluid flow, vol. 17, pp. 89-90 Durbin P.A., Pettersson Reif B.A. (2001), Statistical Theory and Modeling for Turbulent flows, John Wiley & Sons


Franke, R.,Schnung, B., Rodi, W. (1989), Analysis of experimental vortex shedding data with respect to turbulence modeling'', Proc. 7 th Symp. on Turbulent Shear Flows, Stanford University Fujisawa, N., Rodi, W., Schnung, B. (1990), Calculation of transitional boundary layers with a two-layer model of turbulence, Proc. 3rd Int.Symp. on Transport Phenomena and Dynamics of Rotating Machinery, Honolulu Gatski T.B., Speziale C.G. (1992), On explicit algebraic stress models for complex turbulent flows, ICASE Report No. 92-58, University Space Research Assoc., Hampton, VA Gibson, M.M., Launder, B.E. (1978), Ground effects on pressure fluctuations in the atmospheric boundary layer, J. of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 86, pp. 491-511 Granville, P.S. (1985),Mixing length formulations for turbulent boundary layers over arbitrary rough surfaces, J. of Ship Research, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 223-233 Harlow, F.H., Nakayama, P.I. (1968), Transport of turbulence energy decay rate, Los Alamos Sci. Lab., University of California Report, LA 3854 Hassid, S., Poreh, M. (1978),A turbulent energy dissipation model for flow with drag reduction, ASME Journal of Fluid Engineering, vol. 100, pp. 107-112 Hoffman, G.H. (1975),Improved form of the low Reynolds number k- model, Physics of Fluids, vol. 18, pp. 309-312 Hunt J.C.R. (1990), Developments in computational modeling of turbulent flows, Proc. ERCOFTAC Workshop, March 26-28, Laussane, Switzerland Jones, W.P, Launder, B.E (1972), The prediction of laminarisation with a two equation model of turbulence, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, vol.15, pp.301-314 Kolmogorov, A.L (1942), Equations of turbulent motion of an incompressible fluid, Izv.Akad. Nuak. S.S.S.R., Ser. phys. 6, n.1/2, pp. 55-58 Kulkarni D.S., Rajani B.N., Das H.N., Jayakumar P., Majumdar S (2004), Numerical Simulation of Turbulent flow past the Bow Mounted Sonar Dome of a Ship Hull, Proceedings 31st National Conference on Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Power, Jadavpur University, Kolkata , December 16-18, 2004 Kulkarni D.S., Rajani B.N., Majumdar S, "Numerical simulation of turbulent wake behind aerofoils", Proceedings, 6th CFD Symposium organized by Aeronautical Society, Bangalore, August 11th 13th , 2003



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Kutler, P. (1985), A perspective of theoretical and applied computational fluid dynamics, AIAA Journal, vol.23 no.3, pp. 328-341 Lam, C.K.G, Bremhorst, K.A (1981), Modified form of the k- model for predicting wall turbulence, ASME Journal of Fluid Engg., 103, pp. 456-460 Launder, B.E, Sharma, B.I (1974), Application of the energy-dissipation model of turbulence to the calculation of flow near a spinning disk, Letters in Heat and Mass Transfer, 1, pp. 131-138 Launder, B.E., Spalding, D.B. (1972), Mathematical models of turbulence, Academic Press Launder, B.E., Spalding, D.B (1974), Numerical computation of turbulent flows, Computer Methods in Applied Mech. and Engg., vol.3, p269. Launder, B.E., Reece, G.C., Rodi, W. (1975), Progress in the development of a Reynolds stress turbulent closure, Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol.68, pp.537566. Launder, B.E. (1991), An introduction to the modeling of turbulence, VKI Lecture Series 1991-02, March 18-21, 1991, Von Karman Institute of Fluid Dynamics. Leschziner, M.A. (1989), Modeling turbulent recirculating flows by finite volume methods, International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, September 1989. Leschziner, M.A. (1989A), Second moment closure for complex flows, Proc. Int. Forum on Mathematical Modeling of Processes in Energy Systmes, Sarajevo, March 1989 Lien,F.S., Leschziner, M.A. (1993),A pressure velocity solution strategy for compressible flow and its application to shock/boundary layer interaction using second moment turbulence closure'', Journal of Fluid Engineering, ASME, December 1993, pp. 717-725 Lien F.S., Durbin P.A. (1996), Non linear k v 2 modeling with application to high-lift, Studying turbulence using numerical simulation data base V1, Proc. of the 1996 Summer Program, CTR, Stanford University Lumley, J.L. (1970), Toward a turbulent constitutive equation'', Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol.41, pp. 413-434

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Majumdar S. (1999), Turbulence modeling for low speed flows an overview of the current status, Invited paper Proc. 8th Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics, Shenzhen, China, December 6-10, 1999 Majumdar S., Rajani B.N. (2001), Numerical computation of flow around aerostats using a pressure-based Navier-Stokes solver, J Aeronautical Society of India, vol. 53, no. 2, pp.117-127 Majumdar S., Rajani B.N., Kulkarni D., Mohan S., (2003), RANS computation of low speed turbulent flow in complex configuration, Proceedings , Symposium on
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Majumdar S., Rajani B.N. (2004), "Numerical computation of turbulent vortex shedding behind cylinders", 2nd BSME-ASME conference on Thermal Engineering, Bangladesh Univ. of Engg. and Technology, Dhaka, Bangladesh, January 2004 Marvin J.G., Huang G.P. (1998), Sadhana, vol. 23(Parts 5 and 6), pp. 481-503 Mentor F.R. (1994), Two-equation eddy viscosity turbulence models for engineering application, AIAA Journal, vol. 32, no.8, pp. 1598-1605 Mohan S., Rajani B.N, Majumdar S. (2000), Pressure-based RANS code for Naval NAL PD CF0018 Parallelisation of an implicit Hydrodynamics application

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Myong, H.K., Kasagi, N. (1990),A new approach to the improvement of k- turbulence model for wall-bounded shear flows, JSME, Int. J., vol. 33, pp. 63-72 Nagano, Y., Hishida, M. (1987),Improved form of the k- model for wall turbulent shear flows, Journal of Fluid Engineering, ASME, 109, pp. 156-160 Norris, L.H., Reynolds, W.C. (1975), Turbulent channel flow with a moving wavy boundary, Rept. No. FM-10, Deptt. of Mech. Engg., Stanford University Patel, V.C, Rodi, W., Scheurer, G. (1985), Turbulence models for near wall and low Reynolds number flows: A review, AIAA Journal vol.23, pp. 1308-1319 Patel V. C., Chen H. C., Ju S. (1990), Computations of Ship Stern and Wake flow and comparisons with experiment, J of Ship Research, vol. 34, no. 3, pp.179-193. Prandtl, L. (1925), Bericht ber Untersuchungen zur ausgebildeten Turbulenz, ZAMM, vol. 5, pp. 136-139.

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Prandtl, L. (1945), ber ein neues Formelsystem fr die ausgebildete Turbulenz, Nachr. Akad. Wiss. Goettingen, Math. - Phys. Kl., pp.6-19 Rajani B.N., Majumdar S. (1998), Numerical simulation of turbulent flow around axisymmetric underwater bodies with appendages using a pressure-based RANS solver, Proc. 3rd Asian CFD Conf., Bangalore, December 7-11, 1998 Rajani B.N., Mohan S., Majumdar S (2002), Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes solver as CFD tool for Analysis of Naval Hydrodynamic Problems, Proceeding, Seminar on Marine Hydrodynamics - Prospects and Progress in Indian Context, organized by NRB at NSTL, Visakhapatnam, February 1-2, 2002 Rajani B.N, Majumdar S., Kulkarni D. S. (2003), Numerical computation of unsteady incompressible flow using Reynolds Averaged Navier Stokes solver, Proceedings, 30th National Conference on Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Power, NITK, Surathkal, pp.376-383 Rajani B.N, Raju R., Majumdar S. (2006), Numerical prediction of flow and heat transfer in an axisymmetric turbulent jet impinging on a flat plate, Accepted for presentation at the 11th Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics, May 22-25, 2006, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Reynolds, O. (1895), On the dynamical theory of incompressible viscous fluids and the determination of the criterion, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series A, vol. 186, pp. 123-164. Rodi, W. (1976), A new algebraic relation for calculating the Reynolds stresses, ZAMM, vol. 56, pp. T129-T221 Rodi, W. (1980), Turbulence models and their applications in hydraulics - a state of the art review, IAHR publication Rodi, W., Scheuerer, K. (1989), Calculation of laminar turbulent boundary layer transition on turbine blades, AGARD-PEP, 65th Symp. on Heat Transfer and cooling in Gas Turbines, Bergen, pp. 18.1-18.12 Rodi, W. (1990), Some current approaches in turbulence modeling'', AGARD Technical Status Review on Appraisal of the suitability of turbulence models in flow calculations, Friedrichshafen, April 26, 1990 Rodi, W. (1991), Experience with two-layer models combining the k- model with a one-equation model near the wall, AIAA Paper 91-216, Reno, NV Rotta, J.C. (1951), Statistische Theorie nichthomogener Turbulenz, Zeitschrift fr Physik, vol. 129, pp. 547-572





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Rotta, J. (1962), Turbulent boundary layers in incompressible flow, Progress in Aerospace Science, Oxford, U.K., vol. 2, pp. 73-82 Rubel, A., Melnik, R.E. (1984), Jet, wake and wall jet solutions using a k - turbulence model, AIAA Paper 84-1523, Snowmass, CO. Saffmann, P.G. (1970), A model for inhomogeneous turbulent flow, Proc. Royal Society, London, vol. A317, pp. 417-433. Saffman, P.G. (1976), Development of a complete model for the calculation of turbulent shear flows, April 1976 Symposium on Turbulence and Dynamical Systems, Duke Univ. Durham, NC Shih T.H(1990), An improved k- model for near wall turbulence & comparison with direct numerical simulation, NASA TM-103221, ICOMP-90-16 Shih, T.H, Mansour, N.N (1990), Modeling of near wall turbulence, NASA TM 103222, ICOMP-90-17. Shih, T.H, Hsu, A.T.(1991), An improved k- model for near wall turbulence, AIAA Paper 91-611, Reno NV. Shih, T.H, Zhu J., Lumley J.L (1993), A realizable Reynolds stress algebraic equation model, NASA TM 105993 Smith, A.M.O., Cebeci, T. (1967), Numerical solution of the turbulent boundary layer equations, Douglas Aircraft Division report DAC 33735 Spalart P.R. (1988), Direct simulation of turbulent boundary layer upto Re=1400, J Fluid Mechanics, vol. 187, pp. 61-98 Spalart P.R, Allmaras S.R. (1992), A one equation turbulence model for aerodynamic flows, AIAA Paper 92-439, Reno, NV Spalart P.R, Allmaras S.R. (1994), A one equation turbulence model for aerodynamic flows, La Recherche Aerospatiale, vol.1 no. 5 Spalart P.R, Jou W.H., Strelets M., Allmaras S.R. (1997), Comments on the feasibility of LES for wings and an a hybrid RANS/LES approach, 1 st AFOSR Int. Conf. on DNS/LES, August 4-8, 1997, Ruston, LA Spalart P.R. (1999), Strategies for turbulence modelling and simulation , Proceedings Engineering Turbulence Modelling and Experiments-4, Corsica, France, May, 24th 26th, pp.3-18

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