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Sairam Kumar et al, International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Studies

E-ISSN22498974

Research Paper

EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON PARTIAL REPLACEMENT OF CEMENT WITH QUARRY DUST


Venkata Sairam Kumar N.1, Dr. B. Panduranga Rao2, Krishna Sai M.L.N.3

Address for Correspondence


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Asst. Professor, Dept of Civil engineering, R.V.R & J.C CE, Andhra Pradesh-522019. Head, Dept of Civil Engg. V.R. Siddhartha Engg College. Andhra Pradesh 520007.

ABSTRACT
Quarry dust a waste from the stone crushing unit accounts 25% of the final product from stone crushing unit. This quarry dust which is released directly into environment can cause environmental pollution. To reduce the impact of the quarry dust on environment and human, this waste can be used to produce new products or can be used as admixture in concrete so that the natural resources are used efficiently and hence environmental waste can be reduced. Here quarry dust is used for partial replacement of cement in concrete for studying the strength property of concrete. The aim of the experiment is to find the maximum content of quarry dust partial replacement of cement in concrete. The percentages of quarry dust partial replacement of cement in concrete are 0, 10%, 15%, 20%, 25%, 30%, 35%, and 40%. M20, M30, M40 grade concrete cubes of 150x150x150mm size were cast for conducting compressive strength test. From the experimental studies 25% of partial replacement of cement with quarry dust improved hardened concrete properties. KEY WORDS: quarry dust, compressive strength, and partial replacement.

INTRODUCTION: Advancement in utilization of wastes in concrete as admixture reduces pollutants in environment and maximizes usage of natural resources. During the production of cement Co2 is produced which cause global warming. By reducing cement consumption environment can be protected. An attempt was made to partially replace the cement with waste material quarry dust with an aim not to loose the strength far from original concrete mix. From the observations of test results, cement can be replaced with 25% of quarry dust in concrete. The physical and mechanical properties of materials used in concrete were investigated. For each replacement 6 cubes were cast for measuring 7days and 28days compressive strength. MATERIALS: Quarry dust: quarry dust is collected from local stone crushing units of chowdavaram village, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh. It was initially dry in condition when collected and was sieved by IS: 90 micron sieve before mixing in concrete. Specific gravity observed for quarry dust is 2.5. AGGREGATES: Fine aggregate: Krishna river sand confirmed to grading zone-III as per IS: 383-1970, having specific gravity of 2.61 and fineness modulus of 2.9 has been used as fine aggregate for this study. Coarse aggregate: coarse aggregate obtained from local quarry units has been used for this study. Maximum size of aggregate used is 20mm with specific gravity of 2.73. Cement: Portland pozzolana cement conforming to IS: 269:1976 and IS: 4031-1967 was used in this study. The cement is of 53Grade and the tests conducted on cement are tabulated in Table. No.1.
Table No. 1 Properties of cement

Water: Potable tap water available in laboratory was used for mixing and curing of concrete. Mix design procedure: In present study M20, M30, M40 grades concrete were designed as per IS: 102622009. The weight ratios of mix proportions are tabulated in Table. No. 2
Table. No. 2 Mix proportions

Experimental Test Setup: concrete cubes confirming to IS: 516:1964 of size 150x150x150mm were cast. Total 144 cubes were cast for determination of compressive strength. After 24 hours the moulds were de-moulded and subjected to water curing. Before testing, the cubes were air dried for 2 hours. Crushing loads were noted and average compressive strength of 3 specimens is determined at 7 days and 28 days shown in table 3 and 4 respectively of various mix proportions. RESULTS:
Table No. 3: Test results of 7 days compressive strength, (N/mm2) of M20, M30, M40 Grades concrete with partial replacement of cement with quarry dust.

Table No.4: Test results of 28 days compressive strength (N/mm2) of M20, M30, M40 Grade concrete with partial replacement of cement with quarry dust.

IJAERS/Vol. II/ Issue III/April-June,2013/136-137

Sairam Kumar et al, International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Studies

E-ISSN22498974

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investigations on partial replacement of cement with fly ash in design mix concrete. International journal of advanced engineering technology, IJAET/Vol.III/Issue IV/ oct-dec., 2012/126-129. Ilangovan R. and Nagamani K. 2006 Application of quarry rock dust as fine aggregate in concrete construction. National journal on construction management, NICMAR. Pune. Dec.pp.5-13. Sahu A.K., Sunil Kumar and Sachan A.K. 2003 Quarry stone waste as fine aggregate for concrete. The Indian concrete journal. Pp 845-848. Prakash Rao D.S. and Gridhar v. 2004 Investigation on concrete with stone crusher as fine aggregate. The Indian concrete journal.pp.45-50. IS: 12269-1987 Specification for 53 grade ordinary Portland cement.

Fig: 1 Shows 7days compressive strength (N/mm2).

Fig: 2 Show 28 days compressive strength(N/mm2).

CONCLUSIONS: Cement can be replaced with quarry dust up to 25% without much loss in compressive strength. Water to powder ratios of 0.5, 0.4, 0.35 for M20, M30, M40 respectively were maintained for all the percentage replacements for workability. From the results a marginal decrease in compressive strength is observed up to 25% cement replaced with quarry dust. Considerable decrease in compressive strength was observed from 25% cement replaced with quarry dust. From 20% to 25% cement replaced with quarry dust 7 days compressive strength is slightly increased. REFERENCES:
1. IS:383-1970, Specification for coarse and fine aggregates from natural sources for concrete. Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi. 2. IS:2386-1963 Part I to VII. Indian standard methods for test for aggregate for concrete. Bureau of Indian standards, New Delhi. 3. IS: 516-1959, Indian Standard methods of test for strength of concrete. Bureau of Indian standards, New Delhi. 4. IS: 10262-2009 and SP: 23:1982 Recommended Guidelines for concrete mix. Bureau of Indian standards, New Delhi. 5. Nagaraj T.S. and Zahida Banu 1996. Efficient utilization of rock dust and pebbles as aggregates in portland cement concrete. The Indian concrete journal. Pp.53-56. 6. IS:8112-1989, Specifications for 43grade ordinary portland cement, Bureau of Indian standards, New Delhi. 7. M.Sharul Hameed and A.S.S.Sekhar properties of green concrete containing quarry rock dust and marble sludge powder as fine aggregate ARPN journal of engineering and applied sciences vol.4, june 2009. 8. Prof. Jayeshkumar Pitroda, Dr.L.B.ZALA, Dr.F.S.Umriagr (2012), experimental

IJAERS/Vol. II/ Issue III/April-June,2013/136-137