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Algebra II 2nd Semester Study Guide

italicized =may be incorrect ; bold = not done

Pg. 2/key concept

Pg. 55/3 [decide whether the given number is a solution of the equation]
|b-1| = 14; -13
|-13-1| = 14
|-14| = 14
14 = 14 
Pg. 55/4 [decide whether the given number is a solution of the equation]
|d+6| = 10; -4
|-4+6| = 10
|2| = 10
2 ≠ 10
Pg. 55/5 [decide whether the given number is a solution of the equation]
|32-6f| = 20; -2
|32-6(-2)| = 20
|32-(-12)| = 20
|32+12| = 20
|44| = 20
44 ≠ 20
Pg. 93/29 [find the x- and y-intercepts of the line with the given equation]
-6x + 8y = -36
x-intercept y-intercept
-6x + 8(0) = -36 -6(0) + 8y = -36
-6x = -36 8y = -36
x=6 y = -9/2 or -4.5
Pg. 145/15 [the variables x and y vary directly. Write an equation that relates x and y. then find x when y=6]
x = -2, y = -1 y = ½x
y = ax 6=½x
-1 = -2a 12 = x
½=a
Pg. 164/31 [solve the system using any algebraic method]
4x – 10y = 18
-2x + 5y = -9

4x – 10y = 18
2[-2x + 5y] = -9
4x – 10y = 18
-4x + 10y = -18
0; infinitely many solutions
Pg. 227/20 [use the given matrices to evaluate the expression, if possible. If not possible, state the reason]

DE
Not possible; both are dimensions of 3 x 2
Pg. 323/15 [solve the equation]
(x+2)2 – 12 = 36
(x+2)2 = 48
(x+2) = √48
x = -2 ± 2√12
Pg. 323/18 [write the expression as a complex number in standard form]
3 + I . 2 + 3i = 6+9i+2i+3i2 = 3 + 11i
2-3i 2 + 3i 4-9i2 13
Pg. 323/20 [solve the equation by completing the square]
x2 – 10x – 7 = 0
x2 – 10x =0
x2 – 10x + 25 = 7 + 25
(x-5) 2 = 32
x – 5 = √32
x = 5 ± 4√2
Pg. 342/29 [Describe the end behavior of the graph of the polynomial function by completing these statements:
f(x)  ? as x-∞ and
f(x)  ? as x+∞]
f(x) = -x6 + 4x3 – 3x

f(x)  -∞ as x-∞
f(x)  -∞ as x+∞
Pg. 366/29 [given the polynomial function f and a zero of f, find the other zeros]
f(x) = x3 – 2x2 – 21x – 18

-3 1 -2 -21 -18 x2 – 5x – 6 = 0 (x-6) = 0 (x+1) = 0


-3 15 18 (x-6)(x+1) = 0 x=6 x = -1
1 -5 -6 0
Pg. 390/5 [graph the function]
g(x) = ⅓(x-5)(x+2)(x-3)

Pg. 397/3 [write the cubic function whose graph is shown]

y = 0.5x3 – 2x2 + 0.5x + 3


Pg. 397/7 [write a cubic function whose graph passes through the points]
(-2,0), (-1,0), (0,-8), (2,0)

y = 2x3 + 2x2 – 8x - 8
Pg. 407/12 [perform the indicated operation]
(3x3 – 14x2 +16x – 22) ÷ (x - 4)
10
3x2 - 2x + 8 + x-4
x-4|3x3 – 14x2 +16x - 22
-) 3x3 – 12x2
-2x2 + 16x
-)-2x2 + 8x
8x – 22
-)8x – 32
10
Pg. 407/13 [perform the indicated operation]
(6x4 + 7x2 + 4x – 17) ÷ (3x2 -3x + 2)

Pg. 407/17 [find all real zeros of the function]


f(x) = x3 + x2 – 22x - 40
Pg. 417/9 [rewrite the expression using rational exponent notation]
(3√10)7
(n√a)m = am/n  (3√10)7 = 107/3
Pg. 424/31 [write the expression in simplest form]
3
√9  3√9 . 5√9 = 15
√9
5
√27 5
√27 5
√9 5
√243
Pg. 432/29 [Let f(x) = 3x-1, g(x) = 2x-7, and h(x) = x-4/5. perform the indicated operation and state the domain]
g(f(2))
=g(3(2)-1)
=g(5)
=2(5)-7
=3
Pg. 469/4 [evaluate the expression without using a calculator]
3
√27
=271/3
=3 . 3 . 3
=3
Pg. 469/7 [evaluate the expression without using a calculator]
(3√-27)2
=(271/3)2
=32
=9
Pg. 469/29 [find the inverse of the function]
f(x) = x3 + 5
x = f(x)3 +5
x – 5 = f(x)3
3
√x-5 = f(x)-1
Pg. 469/34 [solve the equation. check for extraneous solutions]
√3x + 7 = 4
(√3x + 7)2 = 42
3x + 7 = 16
3x = 9
x=3
Pg. 495/6 [simplify the expression]
(2e-2)-4
=2-4(e8)
= 1 . e8
16

= e8
16
Pg. 543/6 [graph the function. state the domain and range]
g(x) = (2/3)x + 2

Pg. 543/13 [graph the function. state the domain and range]
y = log2x

Pg. 543/18 [condense the expression]


log 5 + log x – 2 log 3
=log5x - 2 log 3
=log5x
32
=log5x
9
Pg. 543/19 [use the change-of-base formula to evaluate the logarithm]
log550
=log 50
log 8
≈1.6989
0.9030
≈1.8813
Pg. 543/22 [solve the equation. check for extraneous solutions]
72x = 30
log7 72x = log7 30
2x = log7 30
2x = log 30
log 7
2x ≈ 1.7478
x ≈ 0.8739
Pg. 543/24 [solve the equation. check for extraneous solutions]
log4 x + log4 (x + 6) = 2
4 log4 x + 4 log4 (x + 6) = 42
x (x + 6) = 16
x2 + 6x = 16
x2 + 6x –16 = 0
(x + 8) (x – 2) = 0
x = -8 or 2
Pg. 562/29 [graph the function. state the domain and range]
y=x+6
4x – 8

domain: all real numbers except 3, range: all real numbers except 1
Pg. 568/9 [identify the x-intercept(s) and vertical asymptote(s) of the graph of the function]
f(x) = x2 + 9 .
x2 – 2x – 15

x-intercept: vertical asymptotes:


x2 + 9 = 0 x2 – 2x – 15 = 0
x2 = -9 (x – 5) (x+ 3) = 0
no solution x = 5 and x = -3
Pg. 569/15 [graph the function]
y = 2x f
x2 – 1

Pg. 607/5 [the variables x and y vary inversely. use the given values to write an equation relating x and y. then
find y when x=4]
x = -4, y = 7/2

a
y= x
y = −14
x y= −14
4

7/2 = −a4 y = −27


a = -14
Pg. 607/26 [solve the equation. check for extraneous solutions]
1 x +1 13
x +6 + x = x +6

x +1 ( 3) +1 ( 2 ) +1
= ( 313
1 13 1 1 13
x (x+6) [ x+6 + x = x +6 ] ( 3) + 6 + ( 3) ) +6 ( 2 )+ 6 + ( 2) = ( 2 )+ 6
1 4 13 1 3 13
x + (x+6)(x+1) = 13x 9 + 3 = 9 8 + 2 = 8
13 13 13 13
x2 + 8x + 6 = 13x 9 = 9  8 = 8 
x2 –5x + 6 = 0
(x – 3) (x – 2) = 0
x = 3 and 2
Pg. 617/31 [write an equation for the perpendicular bisector of the line segment joining the two points]
(3, 8), (7, 14)

x1+ x 2 y1+ y 2
( 2 , 2 ) = ( 3+27 , 8+214 ) = (5, 11)
y 2 − y1 14 −8 6 3
m= x 2 − x1 = 7 −3 = 4 = 2

- m1 = - 31/ 2 = - 23
y – 11 = - 23 (x – 5)
10
y – 11 = - 23 x + 3

y = - 23 x + 43
3
Pg. 623/21graph the equation. identify the focus, directrix, and axis of symmetry of the parabola]
5x2 + 12y = 0

Pg. 623/29 [write the standard form of the equation of the parabola with the given focus and vertex at (0, 0)]
(0, -4)

focus = (0, p) x2 = 4py


p = -4 x2 = 4(-4)y
x2 = -16y
Pg. 630/53 [write an equation of the line tangent to the given circle at the given point]
x2 + y2 = 17; (1, 4)

4 −0
slope m = 1− 0 =4 y – 4 = - 14 (x – 1)
- m1 =- 14 y – 4 = - 14 x + 1
4

y = - 14 x + 174
Pg. 673/3 [find the distance between the two points. then find the midpoint of the line segment joining the two
points]
(-1, -6), (1, 5)

d= ( x 2 − x1)2 + ( y 2 − y1)2 = (1 − ( −1))2 + (5 − (−6))2 = 122 ≈ 11.045


x1+ x 2 y1+ y 2 −6+5
M( 2 , 2 ) = ( −1+1
2 , 2 ) = (0, - 12 )
Pg. 673/11 [graph the equation]
(x – 6)2 + (y + 1)2 = 36

Pg. 673/12 [graph the equation]


(x + 4)2 = 6(y – 2)

Pg. 673/25 [classify the conic section and write its equation in standard form]
x2 + y2 + 8x + 12y + 3 = 0

A = 1, B = 0, C = 1
value of discriminant is: B2 – 4AC = 02 – 4(1)(1) = -4 < 0 ; conic is a circle

(x2+ 8x) + (y2 + 12y) = -3


(x2+ 8x + 16) + (y2 + 12y +36) = -3 + 16 + 36
(x +4)2 + (y + 6)2 = 49
Pg. 673/27 [classify the conic section and write its equation in standard form]
y2 –16y –12x + 40 = 0
A = 0, B = 0, C = 1
value of discriminant is: B2 – 4AC = 02 – 4(0)(1) = 0; conic is a parabola

Pg. 717/key concept


Pg. 806/27 [write a rule for the nth term of the arithmetic sequence. then graph the first six terms of the
sequence]
7
a10 = 30, d = 2

an = a1 + (n - 1) d an = a1 + (n - 1) d
7
30 = a1 + (10 –1) 2 an = - 32 + (n - 1) 72
- 32 = a1 an = -5 + 72 n
Pg. 807/47 [find the sum of the arithmetic series]
-1 + 4 + 9 + … + 34

Sn = n ( a1+2a 2 )
S8 = 8( −1+234 )
S8 = 132
Pg. 807/49 [write a rule for the sequence whose graph is shown]

an = -3 + 5n
Pg. 843/4 [tell whether the sequence is arithmetic, geometric, or neither. explain]
4, 7, 12, 19, …
neither; there is no common difference or ratio
Pg. 843/5 [write the first six terms of the sequence]
an = 6 – n2
a1 = 6 – (1)2 = 5
a2 = 6 – (2)2 = 2
a3 = 6 – (3)2 = -3
a4 = 6 – (4)2 = -10
a5 = 6 – (5)2 = -19
a6 = 6 – (6)2 = -30
Pg. 843/11 [write the next term of the sequence, and then write a rule for the nth term]
6 7 8 9
5 , 10 , 15 , 20 ,…

10
25; 6+
5n
n

Pg. 843/16 [find the sum of the series]


19

∑ 2i + 5
i =1
a1 = 2(1) + 5 = 7 a5 = 2(5) + 5 = 15 a9 = 2(9) + 5 = 23 a13 = 2(13) + 5 =31 a17 = 2(17) +
5 =39
a2 = 2(2) + 5 = 9 a6 = 2(6) + 5 = 17 a10 = 2(10) + 5 =25 a14 = 2(14) + 5 =33 a18 = 2(18) +
5 =41
a3 = 2(3) + 5 = 11 a7 = 2(7) + 5 = 19 a11 = 2(11) + 5 =27 a15 = 2(15) + 5 =35 a19 =
2(19) + 5 =43
a4 = 2(4) + 5 = 13 a8 = 2(8) + 5 = 21 a12 = 2(12) + 5 =29 a16 = 2(16) + 5 =37 =475