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Health, Safety & Nutrition

DECE 1442

Interrelationship of Health, Safety & Nutrition

Health

Safety

Nutrition

Childrens growth and development potentials are influenced by the interactions of Health, Safety and Nutrition. The status of each component has a direct effect on the quality of others. Health, Safety and Nutrition practices match childrens developmental stages and individual needs. Children who get all of their essential nutrients from a healthful diet will have energy for active play, exploration and social interaction and a decreased risk of serious injury and illness. Good nutrition also plays an important role of injury prevention. The child who arrives at school having eaten little or no breakfast may experience low blood sugar. This can result in decreased alertness and slowed reaction timeswhich can cause an individual to be more accident proneand less able to avoid serious injury. Early childhood is an ideal time to promote health, safety and nutrition education. It is the responsiblity of teacher to show good examples of positive health, safety and nutrition practices.

Health, Safety & Nutrition

DECE 1442

Sound health, safety and nutritional practices provide the foundation for developmental and learning. Competent early childhood professionals, therefore, demonstrate knowledge related to: 1. Policies, Practices ad Procedures Ensure that children's basic needs of health, safety, and nutrition are met by implementing health policies, practices, and procedures that support children and their families in maintaining healthy lives, preventing injuries and preparing them to respond appropriately to emergencies or injuries; 2. Abuse/Neglect Are alert to indicators of possible illness and to child abuse or neglect and are prepared to respond appropriately if such indicators are observed;

3. Nutrition and Dietary Practices Implement dietary practices that support healthy growth and development while remaining sensitive to family preferences;

4. Communication with Families Communicate with families about health and dietary concerns as well as about community resources that support healthy living for children and their families; and

5. Health Education Implement practices that allow children to become independent and knowledgeable about healthy living.

Culture

Kowledge

Health

Nutrition

Factors Affecting Health, Nutrition & Safety

SocioEconomic Status

Environment & Life style

Health, Safety & Nutrition

DECE 1442

DEFINITION Health Health is a state of of complete physical, mental and social well being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.

Cultural

Physical

Economic

WHO

Spiritual

Social

Emotional

Safety Refers to the behaviors and practices that protect children and adults from risk or injury. Minor injuries have an immediate effect on a chids health and serious injury can cause an extended absence and temporarily interrupt a childs learning and participation in daily activities. Adults should have the skills and abilities of typical developmental stages of children to identify sources of potential harm in childrens environments. Set up a rules for protection.

Nutrition Defined as all processes used by an adult or child to take in food and to digest, absorb, transport, utilize and excrete food substances. Childrens resistance to infection and illness is also directly influenced by their nutritional status. Malnutrition and obesity are two kinds of problems arise from nutrition. Malnutrition is a lack of essential nutrients and adequate calories than can severely interfere childs growth and brain development.

Health, Safety & Nutrition

DECE 1442

Supplying Energy

Growth & Development

Tissue Repair Nutrients Function

Normal Behavior

Resistance to illness & infection

Well Nourished Children


Alert

Poorly Nourished
Quiet

Attentive

Withdrawn

Gain benefits from physical activity & learning experiences

Hyperactive/ distruptive

More resistant to illness and recover quickly

More susceptible to infections and illness