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41agn111

tA!XIl'l1nll

am I/0

units

c:xmrunic>t l.cln

vith

rercce

IRIUsl

am

ocller

prooeesors

(Tnnsp.lterl

tbro.lgb

U.nlt

adapter

(Il1rc8

COUI •

1b8

c:xmrunicate vith the

hart

IIOllaitatial

tbro.lgb

li.Nc

o.

It uses

c:t>jec:t file

gonexated by WC<~a~Utia>.

The

CCI!pltatl.alal

!ntegeratial tl1l8

provide higll

reliability,

atability

lnl1

safety

to

t.ranllp.ltllri8ec!

IIOllaitatia>.

t .

JIAKI)IWUI liiiCIDIDitDICl

[21

1b8

"""" t O<"

~

wodcstatl.cln

precessing at 400 )(II 1Ub8tatia> shall ""

u¢oting or

of

~

~ •-ny

acq.Urecl data

in

Cbol

Un!,

less than cxm.:c1

electticiry

lC>OP Un!.

, lunm

and

c:x:m.lnJo.ls a.g>ly ot

EI1Vircnrental safety and to 1llin!Jnia ~

1.,

-

damlge.

ot

the

~

~

processing S)'SteiiS are 1:ase0 a> the recllrxlancy

pttM.dec1

by

seccn 2 or thim prooeoorK 1!8ldn3 a

iD'prolle reliability, aateey an2

ava!!ability. A proc:esaing lnl1 CCI!pltatl.alal systen e<1g'1neel:ed shall have, therefore, facility Of :

uniprooeosOl" to

( 11 tault det.ectia>.

(21

tault isolatia>

(reoa>figuratl.clnl •

(JI w,

tault oo<rect lm {reooYOryl

It ia !Jrpxtanl: that a processing lnl1

CCI!pltatl.alal systen

tunctiavl

tiaw . l'lult <lecec:tla>

fault tol.erllrL sysum as un~

p&'foms

systen

the """""' three

fault

tolerance

ot a

within the

is the ocmer-at.ale

fault will

Deller be oorrec:ted.F.lul.t ioolatim la l.Jrpxu.nt

Of

the

l:8l'alni.ng ports lllll.dl have lOX fallecl .

nua t"'"""'ter

-

for processing

lnl1

OCJlPltatl.ollol system can be~

using,

1ll

Single

transp~ter or 1J.J.) nw transt:utar

at t!l'li!I9Y managerent: centre .

Single

transputer:·

The basic block

of a single transp~ter system are CI'U, RAM, 101

, , P\.01

transp~ter system are CI'U, RAM, 101 , , P\.01 " 0 0 e I •• :

"

0

0 e I •• : '---' . - - •
0
e I
••
:
'---'
.
-
-
P\.01 " 0 0 e I •• : '---' . - - • .,, IIHOM' tO

.,,

IIHOM' tO I I

0

FIG. 1 1 IILOOK DtAORAM OF TAAH8PUTEAIMO

WORJ<8TATION

, TI'AM t.loi I 1 • ioo " lg~ , ,_ o I/ ~I Ui
,
TI'AM t.loi I
1
ioo
"
lg~
,
,_
o
I/ ~I
Ui ~--[
/
I 1 • ioo " lg~ , ,_ o I/ ~I Ui ~--[ / ' I/0

'

I/0

I!D)Jles. fllult <leceCtia> am c:orrectim

 

CXIIIe11l9t

for

these

WIIX>WlU J.a d:uined by

adlieYa:l

by

the S)lllt<m ue1rlJ n.w

a<l<2ing a

tiJrer pttxe>S (Natcll dOgI in porallel

Uai"P 1 t4!T8 viz. me of Uditip¢er f\n:%.i.a'e

vith

the

user

,

applicat

lall.

10

raiae fault

shall be

IU8't. te

CXIIIe11l9t

uae:s.

-

with

·

tunher Un! recllrxlancy

a

pu:• essoz:

test

Mlr

tMe

AUQ ,

1ll1.a

ptogtllll ruming in parallel

aDI2 the """""' renei<:ne<1

the ~~R>llcarlm

t!Jiu process •vill be trl~

perl.allcally.

Ita results will be ~

vith a value Jcnown

in aGvance. By adding eoctra reourdant bits to the IIOIII:loty """""'·it is pcesl.bl.e to cletect both tranaienl: & pemanen~: RAM faults lnl1 pcesl.bl.y

to wttec:t thEm. A big c2isadvant.age ot a single

tnii1IIP-It.er system is

available to replace the tall«! process.

that

no

spare pan is

Dua1 tr&Daput er ayat

Transputer

nomal.ly

llt\ile the

other mminn aa a

'll'le bad<·'-" tnnspJter can be amfi~ either

in old

or """ bad<-

in

ao:le as •

spare sen

to

talco

arcrol

case oL an '"'""*"ectli>le

tault . A hoc back·~ cxnfi9U"atitn ~

,_ -

I!C8t perfect

fault CXM>t'l9"(hlgh

availability -

fwr lligh cpoocl, \1900 to II'OGt tho ~

ccmrun1catla> ~

higll aafety). The "'"'"'"'"' of

oori.al. li.nlcs in ~ of a hlgh

the

""" .,

,oar,

t.ransp.lter

are

speed

Figure

etl\ICtu:e

3 . shows tho basic dual

tor oolcl, vam an2

hoc

back-up.Figuro 4 ahcw8

the <1lal transplter systsn with acting bade-up.

4 .1

nATVUIS

aDcl IIZIUTS

 

for t!l'li!I9Y

,e>t

fl.onct.1als

ahall

katatia'l

has

the f ollowing

be ~

-

clesi!Jll!d to

,

that it

featuree 1n11

,rita

:

J.a

ava.Uable

to

operator/ IJ'fSUIZI

-.pneer

1.

No

cipoelthe

l oading

'"'

a<l<2ing

all

the

1o.1r11

aDI2

Un!.

1ll1.a

can be

aclcl.itl.alal TlanstAlter M:Glle.

 

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