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Advances on IP+Optical

BRKSPG-2116

Presentation_ID

2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

Market Opportunity
1 ZeDabyte 299% Growth

Video

Mobility

Cloud

2010

Annual IP Trac

2015

Presentation_ID

Source: Cisco VNI 2010-2015, Cloud Index 2010-2015, Mobile VNI 2011-2016 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

Changing Traffic Patterns Drive Architecture Evolution


No Longer North and SouthNow, East and West
SP Services/ Content Third-Party Services/ Content VoD

Unied Data Center

IP Core

Unied Data Center

Regional Data Center

Edge

Regional Data Center

Access

Business

Trac Volume + Changing Trac Pa4erns Demand a Dynamic Topology


Presentation_ID 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public

Cisco Routing and Optical Strategy


Lower CapEx/OpEx and Increase Revenue

Network Scale

Network SimplicaDon

Network InnovaDon

The Intelligent Network is the PlaEorm


Presentation_ID 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public

Agenda
Bandwidth Growth
SoluKon: Scale Higher Rates More Interfaces Problem:

Complexity
SoluKon: SimplicaDon Management IntegraKon
Fewer Devices

Problem:

Including DWDM

Low and High Rates

Network OpKmizaKon

MulK-Layer InteracKon

100G Coherent nV OpKcal Satellite

NG 100G Transceiver nV Satellite

InnovaDon

SoluKon:

(nV) Unied Management

Network Resiliency (nV) Control Plane

Presentation_ID

2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

Agenda
Bandwidth Growth
SoluKon: Scale Problem:

Complexity
SoluKon: SimplicaDon Management IntegraKon
Fewer Devices

Problem:

Including DWDM

Higher Rates

Low and High Rates

More Interfaces

Network OpKmizaKon

MulK-Layer InteracKon

100G Coherent
nV OpKcal Satellite

NG 100G Transceiver nV Satellite

InnovaDon

SoluKon:

(nV) Unied Management

Network Resiliency (nV) Control Plane

Presentation_ID

2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

How Does Technology Affect Economics


Percent of Capex, Cost per bit
10G

As data rates increase (10 40G 100G) The overall cost per bit decreases
TDM & Packet Switching & Routingspend going to while the portion of network DWDM Commons optics increases DWDM Optics

40G

100G

Presentation_ID

2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

100G is a big deal in data networking

100G is a REALLY big deal in opKcal transport

Presentation_ID

2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

Why is 100G Transport Significant?


DWDM System Capacity Legacy 10G 40 x 10G = 400 Gb/s

MigraDon of Legacy
36 x 10G = 360 Gb/s 4 x 100G = 400 Gb/s
+

Total = 760 Gb/s Greeneld 100G 40 x 100G = 4 Tb/s

Presentation_ID

2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

Why is 100G Transport Significant?


100G Coherent DWDM transport is a major leap
Dramatic improvement in performance over 10G Higher CD tolerance no DCU needed for most conceivable networks Higher PMD tolerance tolerant of old / bad fiber Manageable OSNR requirement similar distances without regeneration Compatible with existing 10G, no guard bands maximize wavelength fill

Ultimately what do we mean by performance?

Performance = Cost / bit / km


CD ChromaKc Dispersion PMD PolarizaKon Mode Dispersion OSNR OpKcal Signal to Noise RaKo
Presentation_ID 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public

The Era of 10G is Coming to an End


10G has become the dominant interface over the past decade Transport evolving from SONET to IP / Ethernet over DWDM 40/80 wavelength DWDM systems are reaching capacity 10G prices have declined continually accompanied by only modest technological improvements (density, tunability, pluggable form-factor, MLSE)

100G will quickly dominate transport. Capacity, Performance, Cost


Presentation_ID 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public

Ciscos Comprehensive 100G Solution


The Only Vendor with 100G in the Core, Edge, Data Center, and Transport
Data Center Core
Nexus 7000

ONS

15454

Future Converged Devices

CRS-3

MSTP

ROADM

Edge

ASR 9000

Presentation_ID

2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

Cisco 100G Transport Solution

100G Transponder / Trunk

10x10G Muxponder Client

2 x 100G CFP Client 2 x 40G CFP Muxponder Client

Presentation_ID

2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

Cisco 100G DWDM


Industry Leading Performance

More than 50 customer trials completed

3000 km
Industry Leading Density
6 x 100G Transponders in 6 RU 8.4 Terabits of I/O in a single rack

Presentation_ID

2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

Why 100GigE?
10G clients
are becoming ubiquitous Increasing likelihood of individual traffic flows approaching 10Gb/s Core networks need from 4x to 10x highest user interface speed

Bandwidth Optimization
Aggregated links can lead to less than optimal link utilization N x 10G LAG results in less than N x 10G in truly usable bandwidth

Simplicity
Features such as QoS and Multicast are simpler and more robust with a serial interface vs. an aggregated interface Fewer interfaces to inventory, manage, and cable

Need for more faceplate bandwidth


Bandwidth per slot starting to exceed 10G port capacity
Presentation_ID 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public

Cisco 100GE Router Interfaces


Core CRS-3
CRS-3 1 Port 100GigE Interface Module

ASR 9000 2 Port 100GigE Line Card

Edge ASR 9000


Nexus 7000 2 Port 100GigE Line Card

Data Center Nexus 7000

Presentation_ID

2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

CRS-3 100G IP over DWDM PLIM


A Perfect Match

Worlds leading Core Routing platform plus Coherent 100GigE DWDM interface G.709 OTU-4 framing with FEC Pre-FEC Proactive Protection Industry leading, 3000km, optical performance

Presentation_ID

2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

100G Coherent DWDM Module


Cross-Plahorm Investment

ONS 15454 100G Transponder / Trunk Future Plahorms

CRS-3 100G IP-over-DWDM PLIM

Presentation_ID

2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

100G Transport Compatibility


End to End and Cross-Platform Approach

CRS-3

ONS 15454

ONS 15454

ASR9K

Presentation_ID

2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

Agenda
Bandwidth Growth
SoluKon: Scale Higher Rates Problem:

Complexity
SoluKon: SimplicaDon Management IntegraKon
Fewer Devices

Problem:

Including DWDM

More Interfaces
Low and High Rates

Network OpKmizaKon

MulK-Layer InteracKon

100G Coherent nV OpKcal Satellite

NG 100G Transceiver nV Satellite

InnovaDon

SoluKon:

(nV) Unied Management

Network Resiliency (nV) Control Plane

Presentation_ID

2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

Optics vs. Electronics


Moores law applies to Packet, Fabric, and Memory but not to Optics Optics are getting smaller, but electronics are outpacing them High speeds and DWDM optics exacerbate the problem Human factors are involved too
Electronics OpKcs
Volume/GB

Time

Presentation_ID

2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

What does 100G mean to routers?


100G is a major advance in networking, but doesnt yet impact available bandwidth.
Faceplate Capacity (Ports)

48

N x 1G

24
GBIC

SFP

N x 10G N x 100G
CFP

16 4 1

?
500
Slot Capacity (Gb/s)
Silicon

Silicon, OpDcs Thermal, MSA Human factors

10

40

100

1000

Presentation_ID

2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

The Optics Problem(s)


Problem
High Data Rates The opKcs I need are too big to fully uKlize the slot capacity I cant get enough interfaces on the board
y Gra

SoluDon
Transceiver InnovaKon

nV OpKcal Interface Shelf

Low Data Rates The interface rates I need are too low to fully uKlize the slot capacity given available opKcs
Presentation_ID 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

nV Satellite Shelf

Cisco Public

100G Transceiver Innovation


CMOS Photonics Light processing in Silicon! 70% size reduction, 70% power reduction Standards based interfaces
100GBASE-LR4 compliant OTU4 compliant (4I1-9D1F) Electrical interface OIF compliant (CEI-28G-VSR)

Support 10 port x 100GE line cards Enable Universal Ports


10 x 10GE 2 x 40GE 1 x 100GE

Presentation_ID

2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

nV Technology
Packet OpKmized

Port Extensibility via Virtual Linecard Shelves

OpKcs OpKmized
Low Cost Interconnect

100G+ Coherent DWDM Low Speed High Density Breakout

Single Network Element, satellite is part of ASR 9000 or CRS-3 Single EMS & Management Interface Single OS / Release Schedule Satellite can be co-located with or remote from host
Presentation_ID 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public

Agenda
Bandwidth Growth
SoluKon: Scale Higher Rates More Interfaces Problem:

Complexity
SoluKon: SimplicaDon Management IntegraKon
Fewer Devices

Problem:

Including DWDM

Low and High Rates

MulD-Layer InteracDon
Network OpKmizaKon

100G Coherent nV OpKcal Satellite

NG 100G Transceiver nV Satellite

InnovaDon

SoluKon:

(nV) Unied Management

Network Resiliency (nV) Control Plane

Presentation_ID

2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

Intelligent Information Exchange


Proactive Protection, GMPLS, Control Plane
IGP QoS Peering SLAs Queuing Addressing Packet Layer (master) DWDM Layer (slave) OSNR CD / PMD power levels non-liner impairments physical topology

Client Requests
ProacKve ProtecKon Circuit from A to Z Matching Path Disjoint Path SRLG Avoidance Max Latency
Interface IntegraDon
G.709

Server InformaDon
Pre-FEC Threshold Crossing Network Topology & Feasibility Circuit ID and Path Circuit ID and Path SRLG database Path Latencies

GMPLS
UNI

nLight Control Plane


Network VirtualizaDon UNI

Presentation_ID

2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

What is IP-over-DWDM?
All the funcKons of a DWDM transponder integrated into the packet plahorm with Many AddiDonal OperaDonal Advantages
IP+OpDcal Key Features
High performance tunable opKcs G.709 and FEC/EFEC Integrated Management and Performance Monitoring Coordinated L1/L3 RestoraKon MulKple Management Models Control Plane IntegraKon Network OpKmizaKon opKons
G.709 DWDM Interface
Secure Management Channel

Router

ROADM

Presentation_ID

2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

IP-over-DWDM Solution Benefits


Before WDM Interface Integration
Lower CapEx Elimination of client optics Lower OpEx Space, power, management Enhanced Resiliency Fewer active components Multi-Layer Interaction
Router Transponder ROADM Router
DWDM I/F

ROADM

Proactive Protection

Presentation_ID

2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

Proactive Protection (pre-FEC FRR)


Enabling Zero Loss Protection
Primary Trac Path
CRS-3/ASR9000
1. Pre-FEC Threshold Crossing 1. Pre-FEC Threshold Crossing

CRS-3/ASR9000

2. IniDate FRR

2. IniDate FRR

Protect Trac Path

Presentation_ID

2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

Pre-FEC Proactive Protection


ReacDve ProtecDon
Router

ProacDve ProtecDon
IP-over-DWDM

Router Bit Errors

Router Bit Errors

working route

fail over

protect route

Router

working route

protect route

LOF

FEC

Hitless Switch

Pre-FEC Bit Errors

Transponder

FEC Limit

Pre-FEC Bit Errors

FEC Limit ProtecKon Trigger

FEC

Time

Time

ROADM

ROADM

2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Presentation_ID

2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

Cisco Confidential

32

Pre-FEC Proactive Protection


Interface Independent Operation
ProtecKon Trigger
Router

IP-over-DWDM
Router

Router Bit Errors

ASR 9000

working route

protect route

FEC

Hitless Switch

Pre-FEC Bit Errors

100GE
Transponder

ONS 15454 M6

FEC Limit ProtecKon Trigger

FEC

Time

ROADM

2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Presentation_ID

2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

Cisco Confidential

33

Pre-FEC FRR Compatible Regeneration


End-to-End Compatibility
CRS-3 ONS 15454 CRS-3

animated slide

Pre-FEC Threshold Crossing

PF-FDI

IniDate FRR

100G - Two 100G trunk cards connected via chassis backplane

OTU-4 DWDM Regenerator

Presentation_ID

2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

GMPLS Control Plane


GMPLS UNI CRS-3 ASR9000
UNI-N UNI-C

The Ultimate Service Velocity Enabler

MSTP

End-to-End, Multi-Layer provisioning Provide Multi Layer Support while Respecting Organizational Boundaries Share and leverage information across layers
Presentation_ID 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public

Touchless Optical Layer


Foundation for Optical Control Plane

Complete Control in Sogware, No Physical IntervenDon Required


Omni-DirecKonal ROADM ports are not
15454 MSTP

Tunable Receiver Coherent receiver can


select one wavelength among a composite signal (no demux needed)

direcKon specic (re-route does not require ber move)

Tunable Laser Transmit laser can be

Flex Spectrum Ability to provision the


Embedded OpKcal Intelligence

provisioned to any frequency in the C-band (96 channels)

amount of spectrum allocated to wavelength(s) allowing for 400G and 1T channels.

Colorless ROADM ports are not

frequency specic (re-tuned laser does not require ber move)

ContenKon-less - Same frequency can be

Wavelength Switched OpKcal Network


Presentation_ID 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public

WSON

added/dropped from mulKple ports on same device.

Multi-Layer Optical Restoration


Leverage Embedded WSON Intelligence

animated slide

Client

Client

IPoDWDM

IPoDWDM

ONS 15454 MSTP

Fiber Cut! Embedded WSON intelligence locates and veries a new path ROADM instructs client to re-tune its wavelength Colorless, Omni-DirecKonal ROADM switches the path Service is brought back up with the same Client and OpDcal interfaces, zero touches
Presentation_ID 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public

Traditional Network Resiliency


L1 Protection + L3 Re-Route

Slow L3 Re-Route (rare event) Router Interface UKlizaKon 50%

Fast L1 ProtecKon (frequent event) DWDM Wavelength UKlizaKon 50%

Net DWDM UDlizaDon 25% No inter-layer communica0on Over provisioning Wasted resources
Presentation_ID 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public

Pure L3 Network Resiliency


Fast L3 Protection, No L1 Protection

ProacKve ProtecKon

Fast L3 ProtecKon (frequent event) Router Interface UKlizaKon 50%

No L1 ProtecKon

DWDM Wavelength UKlizaKon 100%

Net DWDM UDlizaDon 50% Be9er, but too much risk for some? Time to restore DWDM wave/path?
Presentation_ID 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public

Multi-Layer Network Resiliency


Fast L3 Protection plus L0 Restoration
Control Plane

Fast L3 ProtecKon (frequent event) Router Interface UKlizaKon 75%

L0 Restore (frequent event) DWDM Wavelength UKlizaKon = 100%

Net DWDM UDlizaDon 75% Higher U0liza0on Fewer interfaces Lower Capex
Presentation_ID 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public

Multi-Layer Restoration
Higher IP Interface Utilization
3 x 100G 140G
Worst-case (stable): 140G on 200G Avg IP uKl: 120/300= 40%

Premium: 50G Best Effort: 90G

2 x 100G

Restore in ~30 seconds

Worst-case (transient): 140G on 100G OversubscripKon, BE loss Worst-case stable: 140G on 200G Avg IP uKl: 140/200= 70%

Study based on major SP: 26% Fewer Interfaces


Presentation_ID 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public

Evolution of Core Network Protection


Goal: Maintain SLA at Lower Cost
TradiKonal Network ProtecKon
Slow but Smart
Routing Convergence

MulK-Layer ProtecKon
Fast and Smart

Layer 3

BFD, IP-FRR, TE-FRR Pre-FEC Proactive Protection


nLight Control Plane

SONET/SDH Protection DWDM 1+1 Protection

Layer 0/1

Dynamic Optical Restoration

Fast - but Dumb and Expensive


Presentation_ID 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Slow - but Smart & Ecient


Cisco Public

Agenda
Bandwidth Growth
SoluKon: Scale Higher Rates More Interfaces Problem:

Complexity
SoluKon: SimplicaDon

Problem:

Including DWDM

Low and High Rates

Management IntegraKon
Fewer Devices

Network OpKmizaKon

MulK-Layer InteracKon

100G Coherent nV OpKcal Satellite

NG 100G Transceiver nV Satellite

InnovaDon

SoluKon:

(nV) Unied Management

Network Resiliency (nV) Control Plane

Presentation_ID

2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

IP + Optical Management Option


The Traditional Approach
Split Management: Router NE management + Transport NE management WDM Power levels, OTN overhead, and alarms not available on the router No topology or performance information sharing between device types
Router Transponder Shelf ROADM Shelf

SR PLIM

SR

TSP

Router NMS Control

Transport NMS Control

Presentation_ID

2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

IP + Optical Management Option


Transponder Virtualized onto the Router Interface
Retains existing split operational model Respects boundaries between packet / optical administrative groups Secure Management channel to for information sharing (like proactive protection)
Router
Secure Management Channel

ROADM

PLIM

G.709 DWDM Interface

Transport NMS Control

Router Management
L2/L3 Interface Information Routing Protocols IP Addressing Security

DWDM Management
L1 Interface Information Wavelength Usage Power Levels and Thresholds Performance Monitoring

Presentation_ID

2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

IP + Optical Management Option


Router Interface Virtualized onto the Transponder
Transponder becomes an extension of the router single NE management Power levels, OTN overhead, and alarms available in real-time on the router Secure management channel for information sharing (like proactive protection)
Router Transponder Shelf ROADM Shelf

Secure Management Channel

SR PLIM

SR

TSP

Router NMS Control

Support for Cisco ROADM or 3rd party DWDM Layer 0 transport Transponder, router interface, and SR optics bundled with an attractive price

Presentation_ID

2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

Integration Roadmap - Interface Shelf


ASR / CRS OpKmized for L3 Port Density
Unied IOS-XR Management

OpKcal Interface Shelf OpKmized for DWDM Interfaces

100GE

100G Transponder

SR OpDcs
40GE / OTU3 2x40G Muxponder

100G Wavelength

100G Wavelength

10GE

10x10G Muxponder

100G Wavelength

40GE(FR) / OTU3 / OC-768

40G Transponder

40G Wavelength

10GE

10G Transponder 10G Wavelengths

Presentation_ID

2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

Integration Roadmap IP+Optical


Packet Resource OpKmized for Packet Density OpKcal Resource OpKmized for DWDM Interfaces Touchless ROADM Flexible Intelligent Transport

High Density Packet Ports Unied Management

Zero Cost OpKcal or Backplane Interconnect Low Speed Breakout

Rate AdaptaKon L1/2/3 Switching

Control Plane AutomaKon Colorless-Omni-Flex ROADM

AdapKve, MulK-Rate DWDM OpKcs

Presentation_ID

2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

Cisco nLight Technology


Programmability, Convergence, and Scale

nLight Silicon
100G and Beyond AdapKve Rate High Performance

nLight Control Plane


InformaKon Sharing The Network is the Database AutomaKon to OpKmizaKon

nLight ROADM
Complete Flexibility No Manual IntervenKon Massive Scale

Presentation_ID

2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

Integrate to Lower Network TCO

Fill Them Wisely

Use Big Pipes

OpKmize Your OpKcs


Presentation_ID 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public

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Presentation_ID

2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Presentation_ID

2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public