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Fausto 1 Jose Fausto Kim Bell English IV/ Per.

4 4 September 2013 The Flash Superheroes where do they come from? How were they created? These are some questions we might ask ourselves. We may not know them but others do and they have written articles that not only answer the above questions but millions more that other people just like us ask. This research paper consists of information from other articles that answer the questions to a certain comic book and superhero comics in general. This paper is mostly based on a comic of The Flash and you can find the history of superhero comics, history of the chosen comic book superhero, bibliography of the authors, summary of the chosen comic, and a personal review from me about the comic read. The History of Comic Books The first comic books were known as funny books, which had comic strips in a booklet itself. After these funny books became a hit on magazines and newspapers the Golden Age began in 1930. Jamie Coville from Pennsylvania State University explains that this golden Age was known for the years between 1930 and 1950. The Golden age began after the creation of Superman in 1938. Jerome Siegan and Joseph Shuster created a character that became the cornerstone of the comic book industry. His appearance became the; easily agreed; start of the Golden Age.

Fausto 2 When this became a bigger hit the people wanted more and so it led to the invention of Batman who "pushed out the 'crime' and 'detective' stories from DC's title" written in A History of the Comic Book. The popularity of these two big superheroes led to the creation of Wonder Woman, Captain America, The Flash, and the Green Lantern. World War II helped promote these comic books in many ways. The war promoted New Deal-style social reform and WWII patriotism. Marvel caused more patriotism with its creation of Captain America. Especially when in one issue it showed Captain America punching Hitler in the face. The end of the war may have been good news to the people but to comic books businesses it became a downfall. Most of the superheroes; especially those whom were created in the small time of the way; began to disappear. "In 1949, most of the remaining second tier heroes lose their comics and even franchise players begin to give up," said Ken Quattro from The New Ages. What happened to the comics that were based on WWII? Captain America is a great example of the comic transitions. Captain America evolved from a superhero comic into a horror book. With the Golden Age over many more ages were to become such as the Genre Age, Coder Era, Silver Age, and Neo-Silver Age. In the Silver Age, DC Comics was trying to get back into business. They tried many formulas to create the perfect comic book and it wasnt until the Showcase of The Flash which was issue #13 was published. "Calling Showcase #4 the first comic book of the Second Heroic Era is accurate. But it occurred in the Genre Age, not the Silver." Proving that many of the historians who call the Showcase #4 the beginning of the Silver Age are all wrong. The most important comics for the Silver Age were Showcase #13 & 14, Lois Lane #1, Challengers of the Unknown #1, and Adventure #247 which were all published in 1958. After the Silver Age came the Neo-Silver Age with its important comics such as Showcase

Fausto 3 #73, 74, 75, 76, 77, Iron Man #1, Captain America #1, Silver Surfer #1, and Nick Fury Agent of Shield #1 which again were all published in the same year of 1968. Information all provided from The New Ages an article written by Ken Quattro. This age was the sequel for the last and not the beginning of a new one. Like every other age there were always mistakes and DC made one. One was to publish Joe Simon's creation of Brother Power, The Geek. This comic tried to "tap into hippie culture of that time, but only succeeded in being an embarrassment," said Ken Quattro in his article of Rethinking Comic Book History. Biography of Gardner Fox and Harry Lambert Gardner Fox and Harry Lambert worked alongside each other to create The Flash. Working together helped satisfy the readers and keeping the Flash a wanted comic. Gardner Fox is "One of the biggest creators in Comic Book History!" as said by the website Comic Vine. When superheroes were becoming known to the world Gardner gave life to many of the most popular superheroes. He began creating characters even before Marvel Comics ever existed. He is known as the single most imaginative and productive writer in the Golden Age. He created and co created many superheroes such as The Flash, Hawk girl, Spectre, etc. Working alongside with others they created the first super-team known as the Justice Society of America during the 1940's. They later assembled the best of the best and scripted a 65 issue of Justice League of America. He also worked with DC to create Bruce Wayne's parents for a story that would lead Bruce to becoming the Dark Knight. Very important creator of the best superheroes, for DC and Marvel. Harry Lampert started his career when he was 16 by working at the Fleischer studios, where he drew cartoons of 'Popeye', 'Betty Boop', and 'KoKo the Clown'. Lampert's history was

Fausto 4 provided by Lambiek Comiclopedia. He then became an artist for DC from the 1930's to the 40's and is mostly remembered for creating The Flash. He only worked on it for only five episodes and worked on other titles such as 'Red, White, and Blue', and the 'The King.' He also created 'Cotton Top Katy', 'Winky Blink' and 'Ton O Fun' while being stationed in Tampa during WWII. Besides being an artist he was also a teacher at the School of Visual Arts, and founder of Lampert Agency. Harry didnt stop working until his retirement on 1976. History of Jay Garrick Jay Garrick was the first person to have the superpowers of The Flash. His name was Jason Peter Garrick but was known as Jay Garrick. As a young boy Jay would read comic books about Whip Whirlwind that had some similar powers to the flash. Little did he know that as a student in the Midwestern University he would become like his childhood superhero but better. In the university he majored in both physics and chemistry. Comic Ville has the full history of Jay Garrick. One night he inhaled some chemicals by accident and became The Flash. He also transformed from a scrub football player to an all-star and leading the football team in winning championships. Jay Garrick was the creation of Gardner Fox and Harry Lampert and his first debut was in January of 1940. His first superhero act was destroying The Faultless Four. Jay's super powers were superspeed, speed steal, speed lending, speed force aura, increased processing of information, decelerated aging, vortex creations, and phasing. He may have been fast but his strength was the same as a normal human being. Jay was one of the founding members of the Justice Society of America and served as chairman. He was an involved member until his retirement. He retired because the American Government began doubting his patriotism. The American Government

Fausto 5 wanted the JSA to reveal the secret identities of the superheroes to investigate if there were any communist activities being held. After his retirement he and Joan settled down and got married. He began working for Chemical Research Incorporated and later created Garrick Laboratories in Keystone City. A decade later he comes out from retirement and joins the JSA once again. He then meets Barry Allen who says is from Earth One and Jay from Earth Two. "After the events of Crisis on Infinite Earths all these different 'Earth's' merge into one, New Earth" written in the website Comic Vine on Jay Garrick's article. After years of fighting in the JSA he was faced a challenge in when Griffin Grey stole a device that could steal the Speed Force from Jay. The radiation produced by this device weakened Garrick to the point of death. Jay's friend Bart Allen found him moments later and produced lightning from a Speed Field to restart Garrick's heart. Summary: The Flash The character of Jay Garrick was a student at Midwestern University. He was an unknown student by others but very well known by his science professor and colleagues. Jay was deeply in love with a fellow student named Joan. When Jay was walking to class he saw the beautiful Joan. He really wanted to take Joan on a date, so he caught up to her and asked her if she would. Joan was a very popular student at the University and she told him that unless he was a football all-star she would because he is only a scrub for the football team. He was motivated to play hard but to the coach he wasn't good enough for the team. That night after a disappointing practice, Jay was working in the lab with his professor on an experiment known as Hard Water. He has been studying this chemical for three years and now alongside with his professor they were going to create a new experiment. The professor left

Fausto 6 him alone to work on the experiment by himself and Jay knew what he was going to do. At three-thirty in the morning Jay felt like having a smoke and by doing that he committed a huge mistake. Without knowing he knocked down the chemicals and the gasses expanded in the air. He tried to pick them up but the fumes were too strong for him. All night long Jay was exposed to the fumes until Professor Hughes came into the lab, and noticed him. Professor took him to the ER, and there the doctors gave him bad news. For weeks Jay was in a coma until he wakes up he notices what has happened to him. To the surprise of the Doctors they believed that he was going to die but his healthy body fought the disease and came back to life. The doctor explains to the professor that according to the 20 tests taken on Jay he is going to be the fastest person in the world. Jay recovered from his coma and the first thing he saw from the hospital window was Joan walking to the library. Jay appeared in front of her and she was surprised how fast he appeared. After a conversation of Jays conditions, Joan asked him if he would be able to play at the state game because then there won't be a chance of them losing. Jay agrees to play but only because she asked him. At the game the football team was getting hurt and their only good player left was Jay. The crowd began complaining that having him in the game would be a sure lost, until Jay scores his first touchdown. No one was able to catch him and most players of the opposing team quit because they wouldn't play against a ghost. Jay became a hero for the school because he sent the team to win the championships. After some years passed, Jay and Joan graduated from the university and headed their own ways. Joan went off to help her dad in his atomic bombardment scientific research, and Jay went off to New York to become an assistant professor at Coleman University. One day in the

Fausto 7 afternoon he was reading the daily newspaper and saw an article of stores getting robbed. He appeared in front of some thieves while they were robbing a store and stopped them in a matter of seconds. Jay believed that he felt more useful to humanity by using his powers to stop crime, and so he began. Jay was playing tennis with himself at Coleman University when two people pass by. To the surprise of the older man he noticed that Jay was playing tennis with himself and told his companion, Joan. Joan remembered that she only knew one person who had the abilities of being so fast to play a two person sport with themselves. She tells him there's a problem and at that moment a car appears. A gun is pointed out the window and it goes off. Jay being faster than the speed of light is able to interfere with the bullet and prevent it from hitting Joan. In the other side of town four guys meet up and celebrate the death of Joan as her father will now tell them where the nuclear base is located. Joans father is locked up in a room of mirrors were his mind plays tricks on him. Still strong he does not give in and keeps the location a secret. One of the villains decides to check if Joan actually got killed by the gun and shows up at her home. Not knowing he ask Jay whether Joan is dead. Jay was about to reply when Joan comes out of her house and the villain speeds off wondering how she survived. Jay allows him to leave because he will then follow him after he talks to Joan. Joan then tells Jay that the villains are The Faultless Four who are in search of the secret bombarder. Jay then agrees its a job for The Flash. The Flash runs off to The Faultless Four secret place. They shot at him but faster than the speed of sound he stops the bullet and all four run off. The Flash then starts looking for Joans father. He takes him home to Joan and then returns to the warehouse to hear their plans. The Fantastic Four plans an aerial attack on Coney Island to distract the police and then be able to kidnap Joan and her father. The Flash

Fausto 8 camouflages with the crowd in Coney Island and waits for the attack to start. The Flash captures all the bullets fired from the airplane machine gun saving every single person. He then speeds up to Joan's house. The Flash returns to the warehouse and appears inside a room with all four villains. One of them believes is sneaky and leaves shuts the door and turns on an electric current to kill them all. The Flash escaped when he was opening the door and was surprised to see him. The villain tries to speed off but The Flash makes sure he also dies. Jay returns to Joan and together they celebrate their victory. Personal Review: The Flash This comic was the first comic published of The Flash. Like every other comic it begins with who the superhero used to be. In this case his name was jay and was an unknown person. How much better can someone who is not known become a superhero? Seems like the perfect job for the lonesome person. Making someone who is unknown do a job to save the world doesn't seem right. Why would someone who is isolated from everyone want to help everyone? The comic doesn't get to that point but once he helps out he feels like he has done a huge impact in everyone's life and feels like he should continue doing it. The situation where he is working at the lab by himself after his professor leaves has a problem. Aren't science labs suppose to be non-smoking areas? You would think that someone as smart as Jay would know that its dangerous to smoke or light a fire were their are chemicals around. He may have the brain but doesn't have the common sense. The comic books address some parts but never finish it to the point. For example, when Jay is dismissed from the doctor. It seems logical that once someone goes through an accident they should be continued tested especially when some tests say you will become the fastest thing in this planet.

Fausto 9 Another example is when the professor picks Jay up from inside the lab when he fainted from the powerful chemicals. It seems that the professor just entered the lab without him also being knocked out by the chemicals. The narrator did say they were very powerful but never that they dissolved and were none left for the professor to take in. For this to be a great comic it should have had more details that would not leave questions in the readers mind. More clarification in the events and actions taken could have led to a more efficient reading experience besides having to ask yourself questions. In a scale from 1 to 10, it would rate a 7.5, because it was the first comic for this character. Meaning that they probably wanted to keep some stuff on the down low to bring it up in later issues. At the same time its quality and story plot were great.

Fausto 10 Works Cited Coville, Jamie. "The History of Superhero Comic Books." Integrative Arts 10. Pennsylvania State University. Web. 2 Sep 2013. <http://www.psu.edu/dept/inart10_110/inart10/cmbk2fungold.html>. "Garner Fox." Comic Vine. N.p.. Web. 2 Sep 2013. <http://www.comicvine.com/gardnerfox/4040-41171/>. "A History of the Comic Book." Random History. N.p., 18 03 2008. Web. 2 Sep 2013. <http://www.randomhistory.com/1-50/033comic.html>. "Harry Lampert." Lambiek Comiclopedia. N.p., 15 11 2006. Web. 2 Sep 2013. <http://www.lambiek.net/artists/l/lampert_harry.htm>. "Jay Garrick." Comic Vine. N.p., 04 06 2013. Web. 2 Sep 2013. <http://www.comicvine.com/jay-garrick/4005-2395/>. Quattro, Ken. "Rethinking Comic Book History." the New Ages. Comic Art Ville. Web. 2 Sep 2013. <http://www.comicartville.com/newages.htm>.

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