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Calculation Header 1 Purpose of calculation Assess the capacity of a concrete beam in simple bending (flexure and shear) using

the provisions of ACI 350-06. Calculation requires input of both service and factored loads in shear and moment. Sulfate exposure level can be set to either moderate or severe. Working stress checks are performed per ACI-350.

2 Assumptions and Conventions Sulfate exposure level can be set to either moderate or severe. It is recommended that this calc only be used with US Units (in*lb) due to limitations of ACI 350 code equations. 3 Calculation Reference ACI 350-06, Code Requirements for Environmental Engineering Concrete Structures and Commentary, American Concrete Institute (2006) 4 Calculation Validation XLC formulae and peer review provide verification of intended functionality. 5 Calculation Units 6 6 Sketch B fc 0.85f'c a cservice d Neutral Axis H Neutral Axis a/1

svert

fs

fy

Stresses at Service (WSD)

Stresses at Failure (LRFD)

s bb

CC Symbol f'c= c = fy = Es = Value 5,000 0.086805556 60,000 29,000,000 Moderate Unit psi lbf/in psi psi Formula ACI 350-06 Section

Calculation
Item Input Material Properties Concrete Compressive Strength Unit weight of concrete Steel yield strength Steel elastic modulus Exposure class Input Loads M Service M Factored V Service V Factored Input Beam Properties Beam Width Beam Total Depth Clear Cover Bottom Bar Size Bars per row Number of rows of bars Row Vertical Spacing Shear Stirrup Size Legs per Stirrup Stirrup Spacing

=150 pcf

Ms Mu Vs Vu

= = = =

1,000,000 1,200,000 4500 6000

lbfin lbfin lbf lbf

B= H= CC= n bb = r bb = s vert = n leg = sv =

18 36 2 7 3 1 4.5 4 2 8

in in in bars rows in legs in

Design bottom face bars for max positive moment A bb = Bottom Bar Area As = Total bottom face steel area Dia bb = Bottom Bar Diameter Dia stirrup = Stirrup Diameter Effective depth d=

0.6 1.8 0.875 0.5 33.0625

in in in in in

= A bb r bb n bb

= H - CC - Dia stirrup = 0.003 (d - c) c

Dia bb s vert [r bb - 1] 2 2

= H - CC - Dia stirrup -

Dia bb s vert [r bb - 1] 2 2

Max tensile strain at failure Minimum Reinforcement ACI 350-06 Table 7.12.2.1

t = A smin

0.05320625 in in in in in

0.003 (d - c) c

10.3.1 10.3.5

OK, t >= .004 = 1.08 1.08 0.76 0.72 OK, Asmin <= As 1.411764706 0.8 1.764705882 3,494,515

= min(12 , H / 2) 0.005B = min(12 , H / 2) 3 (f'c ) / f y B use. www.ExcelCalcs.com Non-commercial = min(12 , H / 2)(200 / f y )B


=

7.12.2.1 10.5.1 10.5.1

Depth of compression zone at failure 1 (dependent on f'c) Depth to Neutral Axis Nominal Moment Capacity Determine Resistance Factor c/d Tension or Compression Controlled?

a= 1 = c= Mn =

Asfy 0.85f'cB

10.2.7.3 in lbfin
a = 1

=Asfy

d-

a 2

c/d=

0.053374847 Tension controlled For c/d<.375, Tension Controlled c/d>0.6, Compression Controlled .375<= c/d <= 0.6, Transition Zone For Tension Controlled, =0.9 For Compression Controlled, =0.65 For Transition, =0.48+83*(t) 9.3.2 & 10.3.4 9.3.2 & 10.3.3 9.3.2 9.3.2 9.3.2 9.3.2 9.3.2

Resistance Factor ACI 350-06 Par 9.3.2

f =

0.9

Calculate Durability Factor for Flexure Exposure Class Concrete elastic modulus Modular Ratio Reinforcing Ratio k c (at service)

EX= Ec = N= = k= c service =

Moderate 4,286,826 psi 6.765 0.003024575 0.182862937 6.045905863 in

= 33( c 123)1.5 (f'c ) E = s Ec A www.ExcelCalcs.com Non-commercial use. = s Bd = ([N] 2 + 2N) - N =www.ExcelCalcs.com kd Non-commercial use. H - c service = d - c service

8.5.1

10.6.4.4

Bottom Bar Spacing Max allowable steel tensile stress at service

= = s bb = f smax = f smax f smax = f smax

1.108729471 1.2 6.0625 36,000 20,000 37,100 36,000 1.25 in psi psi psi psi

=www.ExcelCalcs.com kd Non-commercial use. H - c service = d - c service = max( M u / M s , Non-commercial 1) www.ExcelCalcs.com use. B - 2CC - 2Dia stirrup - Dia bb = n bb - 1
www.ExcelCalcs.com Non-commercial use.

10.6.4.4 9.2.6

9.2.6.1 & 10.6.4

= if(EX = "severe" , 17000 , 20000) www.ExcelCalcs.com Non-commercial use. if[EX = "severe" , 260 , 320] = 1000 [s bb 2 + 4{2 + 0.5Dia bb }2]
=

Durability Factor Check capacity of section Factored Positive Design Moment Max Allowable Moment Check capacity

Sd =

ffy f smax

9.2.6

www.ExcelCalcs.com Non-commercial use.

SdMu= fMn=

1,500,000 3,145,063 TRUE OK

lbfin lbfin
= ( f M n >S d M u )

9.2.6

Check Allowable Stresses Service Internal Moment Arm Total Tension force in steel Service stress in steel jd = T= fs = 31.04719805 32,209 17,894 fs<fsmax - OK Service stress in concrete fc = 592 fc<0.45f'c - OK Serviceability Check Cracking Moment Service Moment M cr = 2,061,923 lbfin
=

in lbf psi

=d =

c service 3

Ms jd

T =www.ExcelCalcs.com Non-commercial use.

As

www.ExcelCalcs.com Non-commercial use.

psi

T 0.5Bc service

f rI g yt

9.5.2.3

Ms = 1,000,000 lbfin Ms < Mcr - Section is uncracked at service

3 = BH 12

www.ExcelCalcs.com Non-commercial use.

Moment of Inertia of gross section

Ig = yt =

69,984 18 530

in in psi

Concrete Modulus of Rupture Check Shear Effective depth Design Slab Strip Width Design Shear As on tension face under controlling load Reinforcing Ratio Design Moment Shear strength of concrete

fr =

3 = BH 12 www.ExcelCalcs.com Non-commercial use. H = 2 =www.ExcelCalcs.com 7.5 (f'c ) Non-commercial use.

9.0 9.0 9.5.2.3

d= B= Vu = As = = Mu = Vc = Vc = Vc < v = 0.5Vc= Vu =

33.0625 18 6,000 2 0.003024575 1,200,000 79,955 79,955 147,286 0.75 29,983 6,000 TRUE OK

in in lbf in
=

11.1.3.1
As dB

lbfin lbf lbf lbf

www.ExcelCalcs.com Non-commercial use.

11.3.2.1 11.3.2.1 = (1.9 [f'c ] + 2500 [ V d / { M 12000}]) dB u u www.ExcelCalcs.com Non-commercial use. 11.3.2.2 = 3.5 (f'c )Bd 9.3.2.3

Shear Resistance Factor Allowable shear Maximum factored shear Check shear capacity

lbf lbf

vV c 2

= (0.5Vc >V u )

11.5.5.1

Calculate Durability Factor for Shear Factored Shear Service Shear c (at service) s

Vu = V service = c service = = s = Check Limit

6,000 4,500 6.045905863 1.108729471 1.333333333 TRUE 1.333333333 24,000

lbf lbf in

= c service = Vu = V service = ( s > 1)

10.6.4.4 9.2.6

Shear stress in steel at service

s = f svmax =

psi
=

9.2.6.4
vf y s f svmax

Durability Factor Calculate Shear Stirrup Contribution Stirrup Size Stirrup Area per leg Legs per Stirrup Stirrup Spacing Shear Steel Area Stirrup Capacity Total Section Shear Capacity Required Shear Capacity CHECK

S dv =

1.40625

vf y s f svmax

9.2.6

a leg n leg sv A sv

= = = =

4 0.20 2.00 8.00 0.40 99,188 112,866 6,000 TRUE OK

in legs in in lbf lbf lbf

Vs = vVn= Vu =

= n leg a leg f A d = y sv sv

11.5.6.2
Vs S dv

=v

Vc +

11.1.1 11.1.1

www.ExcelCalcs.com Non-commercial use.

= ( v V n >V u )