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AP WORLD HISTORY _____________________________


CHAPTER 33 The Building of Global Empires Content Review II Part I Matching Charles Darwin Maori Leopold II Afrikaners Sepoys James Monroe G. Andrew Jackson H. Ram Mohan Roy I. Rudyard Kipling J. Theodore Roosevelt K. Cecil Rhodes L. Victoria I

__ James Monroe_ American president who informed the states of Europe that no further colonization of the New World would be tolerated by the U.S. government.

__Afrikaners_ Name taken by the descendants of Dutch settlers in South Africa.

Charles Darwin_ Scientist whose theory of evolution by natural selection was corrupted to justify Western imperialism over so-called inferior races of the world.

_Rudyard Kipling_ British poet, author and apologist for imperialism, which he regarded as the white mans burden.

_Maori_ Name given to the indigenous people of New Zealand.

__Sepoy__ Indian soldiers in service of the East India Company and later of the British government.

Theodore Roosevelt_ American president who oversaw the construction of the Panama Canal and secured U.S. rights to the Canal Zone.

__Cecil Rhodes British adventurer who carved a personal empire out of South Africa.

__Ram Mohan Roy__ Educated Indian reformer whose ideas of Indian nationalism led to the creation of the Indian National Congress.

Queen Victoria_ Ruler of Britain for most of the 19th century and received the title Empress of India.

__Leopold II_ Belgian monarch who claimed the Congo as his personal domain and forced the Congolese to work on his plantations. ___Andrew Jackson_ American president who engineered the forcible removal of various tribes from the eastern woodlands to reservations on the western prairies.

Part II Quotations: For each of the following quotes, identify the speaker, if known, or the point of view.

__________James Monroe__________ [We assert] as a principle in which the rights and interests of the United States are involved, that the American continents, by the free and independent condition which they have assumed and maintain,

are henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European powers. ____Cecil Rhodes _(Eruopean superiority)_______________ We are the finest race in the world, and the more of the world we inhabit, the better it is for the human race.

__________Herbert Spencer (Social Darwinism)__________ If they are sufficiently complete to live, they do live, and it is well they should live. If they are not sufficiently complete to live, they die, and it is best they should die.

_______Rudyard Kipling_____________ Fill full the mouth of Famine And bid the sickness cease; And when your goal is nearest The end for others sought, Watch Sloth and heathen Folly Bring all your hope to naught.

_____scramble for Africa- European colonization and exploitation justification There are some who say we have no right to Africa at all, that it belongs to the natives. I hold that our right is the necessity that is upon us to provide for our ever-growing population. . . . Nor do we deprive the natives of their birthright of freedom, to place them under a foreign yoke. It has ever been the keynote of British colonial method to rule through and by the natives.

Part III Sequencing: Place the following in chronological order. Consider how one event leads to another and try to determine the internal logic of each sequence. CLUSTER A - INTERNAL LOGIC:___________________________________ ____ After the British abolish slavery in Cape Colony, hundreds of Dutch families abandon the coast and resettle in the interior. ____ The discovery of gold and diamonds lures thousands of British into the interior. ____ During the Napoleonic Wars, the British seize Cape Colony, which becomes as important station for communication and trade with India. ____ Tensions between Dutch and British settlers culminate in the Boer War, a brutal colonial conflict that pits whites against white but kills thousands of blacks in the process. ____ Dutch settlers establish farms near Cape Town and eventually displace the Khoikhoi population. ____ The Union of South Africa is created as a British colony.

CLUSTER B INTERNAL LOGIC: ___________________________________ ____ Concessionary companies have full authority over the resources and labor of Africa. ____ Systems of either direct or indirect rule prove to be costly colonial ventures. ____ The brutality of forced labor on company plantations forces most imperial governments to intervene. ____ European slave traders confine their contacts with African coastal forts and trading posts.

CLUSTER C INTERNAL LOGIC: ______________________________________ ____ Japan wins control of Korea, Taiwan and the Liaodong peninsula from China. ____ The Meiji restoration makes industrialization and militarization top national priorities.

____ Its victory in the Russo-Japanese War proves Japan has become a major imperial power. ____ The Tokugawa government is forced at gunpoint to accept an equal treaty with the U.S. ____ Japan gains control of Hokkaido and Okinawa and relocates settlers to these islands. ____ Japanese expansion on the Asian mainland alarms the Russians and leads to the Russo-Japanese War.