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BREVIAR DE CALCUL

Legislatie tehnica:
CR 1-1-3/2012 COD DE PROIECTARE EVALUAREA ACTIUNII ZAPEZII

ASUPRA CONSTRUCTIILOR.
CR 1-1-4/2012 COD DE PROIECTARE - EVALUAREA ACIUNII VNTULUI

ASUPRA CONSTRUCIILOR

Informati generale:
-plan si elevatie pentru structura analizata

25

25

5.60

25

cladire existenta

25

2.61

cladire existenta

5.60

4.95

6.26

30.35

5.00

1. Evaluarea incarcarilor
Incarcarea adusa din zapada:
sk=1,5 kN/m2
=25o
S=IsiCeCtsk
Is=1.10
Ce=1.2
Ct=1.0
1=0.8
Sneaglomerata=1.584 kN/m2
Acoperisul este aproape de o constructie mai inalta,
astfel vom avea aglomerari de zapada de pe acoperisul
mai inalt.
1=0.8
b1=11.88 m
b2=5.60 m
h=0.42 m
Sneaglomerata=1.584 kN/m2
2= s+ w
s=0.5 1=0,50.8=0.4
w=(b1+b2)/2hh/sk

cu conditia 0.8w0.4

=2 kN/m2 (greutatea specifica a zapezii)


w=(11.88+5.60)/(20.42)=20.8 kN/m2
20.8 > h/sk =0.56
w=0.56
0.8w4.0 => w=0.8
2=0.4+0.0.8=1.2
Saglomerata,max= 2CeCtsk=1.21.211.5=2.16 kN/m2
ls=2h=20.42=0.82 m
2

Incarcarea adusa din vant:


Valori de referinta ale vitezei si presiunii dinamice a vantului
qb=(1/2)vb2
qb[Pa]=0.625vb2
=0.125 kg/m3
vb=

qb
0.6 1000

30 .98 m / s
0.625
0.625

vb-(viteza de referinta)
Rugozitatea terenului. Valori medii ale vitezei si presiunii dinamice a vantului
z0=0.3 m
zmin=5 m
Categoria de teren III
kr(z0)ln(z/z0) pentru zmin<zzmax=200
cr(z)=
cr(z=zmin)

pentru zzmin

cr(z)- factorul de rugozitate


kr(z0)=0.189(z0/0.05)0.07=0.214
kr(z0)=0.214
kr2(z0)=0.046
kr,kr2- factori de teren
z=4.95 m => zzmin => z=5.00 m
cr= kr(z0)ln(z/z0)=0.214ln(5/0.3)=0.602
cr2(z)=0.362
qb=0.6 kPa=0.6 kN/m2
qb-presiunea dinamica a vantului
vm(z)=cr(z)vb=0.60230.98=18.65 m/s
vm(z)-viteza medie a vantului
qm(z)=cr2(z)qb=0.3620.6=0.217 kN/m2
qm(z)-valoare medie a presiunii dinamice a vantului
3

Turbulenta vantului. Valori de varf ale vitezei si presiunii dinamice a vantului

z
2.5 ln
z0

0.334 pentru zmin<z<=200 m

Iv(z)=
Iv(z=zmin)

pentru zzmin

Iv(z)-intensitatea turbulentei la inaltimea z

=2.35

factorul de proportionalitate

vp(z)=cpv(z)vm(z)
vp(z)-valoarea de varf a vitezei vantului
cpv(z)=1+gIv(z)=1+3.50.334=2.169
cpv(z)-factorul de rafala pt viteza medie a vantului
g=3.5
vp(z)=2.16918.65=40.45 m/s
vp-valoare de varf a vitezei vantului
ce(z)=1.21 (din graphic) factorul de expunere
qp(z)=cpq(z)qm(z)=cpq(z)cr2(z)qb
qp(z)-valoare de varf a presiuni vantului
sau
qp(z)=ce(z)qb=1.210.6=0.726
cpq(z)=1+2gIv(z)=1+7Iv(z)
cpq(z)=1+2gIv(z)=1+70.334=3.338
cpq(z)-factorul de rafala pentru presiunea dinamica medie a vantului
ce(z)=cpq(z)cr2(z)=3.3380.362=1.208
qp(z)=cpq(z)qm(z)=3.3380.217=0.724 kN/m2
qp(z)= 0.724 kN/m2
Presiunea vantului pe suprafete
Iw=1.15

factor de importanta

we= Iwcpeqp(ze)
4

cpe=cpe,10 (A10m2)

Pentru =0 (vant actioneaza perpendicular pe coama)


b=30.35 m ;

d=6.26 m;

h=4.95 m

h<b
ze=h=4.95 m
h/d=4.95/6.26=0.79

e=b sau 2h
2h=9.90 m
e=9.90 m
e>d (9.90>6.26)
e/5=1.98 m;
Zona

d-e/5=4.28 m
A

h/d

cpe,10

cpe,1

cpe,10

cpe,1

0.79

-1.2

-1.4

-0.8

-1.1

cpe,10

D
cpe,1

-0.5

cpe,10

cpe,1

0.8

cpe,10

cpe,1

-0.5

we= Iwcpeqp(ze)
we,A=1.15(-1.2)0.724=-1.0 kN/m2
we,B=1.15(-0.8)0.724=-0.667 kN/m2
we,D=1.150.80.724=0.667 kN/m2
we,E=1.15(-0.5)0.724=0.416 kN/m2
Pentru =90 (vant actioneaza perpendicular pe latura scurta)
b=6.26 m;

d=30.35 m;

h=4.95 m; h<b

ze=h=4.95 m
h/d=4.95/30.35=0.163
e=b sau 2h;

2h=9.90 m

e=9.90 m
e<d (9.90<30.35)
e/5=1.98 m;
Zona

4/5 e=7.92 m; d-e=21.65 m


A

h/d

cpe,10

cpe,1

cpe,10

cpe,1

0.163

-1.2

-1.4

-0.8

-1.1

cpe,10
-0.5

D
cpe,1

cpe,10

cpe,1

0.7

cpe,10

cpe,1

-0.3

we= Iwcpeqp(ze)
we,A=1.15(-1.2)0.724=-1.0 kN/m2
we,B=1.15(-0.8)0.724=-0.667 kN/m2
we,D=1.150.70.724=0.583 kN/m2
we,E=1.15(-0.3)0.724=-0.25 kN/m2
6

we,C=1.15(-0.5)0.724=-0.416 kN/m2
Acoperis cu o singura panta
=25o ;

=0

e=min(b ;2h);

b=30.35 m;

2h=9.90 m

e=9.90 m;
e/4=2.475 m;

e/10=0.99 m;

e/2=4.95 m

Zone pentru directia vantului =0


F
Tabel de panta

cpe,1

cpe,10

cpe,1

-0,9

-2,0

-0,8

-1,5

+0,2
-0,5

30

cpe,10

15

=>250

+0,2

-1,5

-0,5

+0,7

-1,5
+0,7

cpe,10

cpe,1
-0,3
+ 0,2
-0,2
+0,4

avem:
-0.634
25

-0.6

0.53

0.53

-0.234
0.333

we= Iwcpeqp(ze)
Am calculate presiunea/suctiunea pt fiecare zona a acoperisului in parte
(F,G,H).Avem 2 cazuri pt fiecare zona in parte, o data presiunea si o data
suctiune.
we,F-=1.15(-0.634) 0.724 =-0.528 kN/m2
we,F+=1.150.530.724 =0.441kN/m2
we,G-=1.15(-0.6) 0.724 =-0.5 kN/m2
we,G+=1.150.530.724 =0.441 kN/m2
we,H-=1.15(-0.234) 0.724 =-0.195 kN/m2
we,H+=1.15(0.333) 0.724 =0.277 kN/m2

6.26

0.99

2.48

2.48

30.35

Incarcarea utila:
8

qk=1000 N/m2= 1kN/m2


Qk=1.5 kN

Incarcare din greutatea proprie (sarpanta vestiar):


-tigla metalica

0.1 kN/m2

-sipci lemn

0.035 kN/m2

-folie PVC

0.01 kN/m2

-astereala

0.12 kN/m2

-cepriori lemn

0.159 kN/m2

-vata minerala

0.07 kN/m2

-gips-carton pe structura metalica

0.30 kN/m2

-gletuieli si zugraveli

0.02 kN/m2

gk=0.8141.1=0.895 kN/m2=89.5 daN/m2

2. Calculul elementelor sarpantei


3.1Calculul capriorilor
Schema statica.Elemente geometrice

Distanta interax capriori


d1=0.90 m
Distanta pe orizontala intre axele panelor
d2=2.97 m
Deschiderea de calcul a capriorului
Lc=3.28 m
Panta acoperisului
=25o

cos(25o)=0.906

Caracteristici material:
Se va folosi brad de calitatea C18.
Clasa de exploatare 2.
Caracteristicile sectiunii transversale:
b=120 mm
h=170 mm
A=bh=120170=20.4103 mm2=0.0204 m2
Momentul de inertie
Ix=(bh3)/12=(1201703)/12=49.13106 mm4=4.91310-5 m4
Modul de rezistenta
Wx=(bh2)/6=(1201702)/6=57.8104 mm3=5.7810-4 m3
Actiuni asupra capriorului:
-permanenta
gk,c=gkd1cos =0.8951030.900.906=0.73103 N/m=73 daN/m
-zapada
Zk,c=pczd1cos2 =2.161030.900.821=1.596103 N/m=160 daN/m
-vant
gvc=pvcd1cos =0.4411030.900.906=0.359103 N/m =36 daN/m
-utila
10

puc=1.2qkcos=1.211030.906=1.087103 N/m
Qk,c=Qkcos=1.51030.906=1.395103 N/m=140 daN/m
Solicitarile
Mg,k,c=(gk,cLc2)/8=(733.282)/8=98.2 daNm
Mz,k,c=(zk,cLc2)/8=(1603.282)/8=215.2 daNm
Mv,k,c=(gvcLc2)/8=(363.282)/8=48.4 daNm
Vg,k,c=(gk,cLc)/2=(733.28)/2=127.9 daN
Vz,k,c=(zk,cLc)/2=(1603.28)/2=262.4 daN
Vv,k,c=(gcvLc)/2=(363.28)/2=59.1 daN
Md=1.35Mg,k,c+1.5Mz,k,c=1.3598.2+1.5215.2=455.4 daNm
Md=455.4 daNm
Vd=1.35Vg,k,c+1.5Vz,k,c=1.35127.9+1.5262.4=566.3 daN
Vd=566.3 daN
m,d=Md/Wx=455.4/5.7810-4=78.79104 daN/m2
d=Vd/A=566.3/0.0204=2.78104 daN/m2
Rezistente:
fm,k=18 N/mm2
ft,0,k=11 N/mm2
ft,90,k=0.3 N/mm2
fc,0,k=18 N/mm2
fc,90,k=4.8 N/mm2
fv,k=1.8 N/mm2
m=1.3
kmod,g=0.60
kmod,z=0.80
kmod,v=1.10
(150/h)0.2 =(150/170)0.2=0.975
kh=min

=> kh=0.975
1.3
11

kcrit=1
kls=1.1
kmod=(1.35kmod,ggk,c+1.5kmod,zzk,c)/(1.35gk,c+1.5zk,c)=
=(1.350.6073+1.50.80160)/(1.3573+1.5160)=
=0.741
fm,d=kmodkcritklskh(fm,k/ m)=
=0.74111.10.97518/1.3=
=11 N/mm2
fm,d=11105 daN/m2
fv,d=kmodfv,k/ m=0.7411.8/1.3=1.026 N/mm2
fv,d=1.026105 daN/m2
Verificare la incovoiere:
m,d<fm,d
m,d=78.79104 daN/m2
78.79104 daN/m2<110104 daN/m2
Verificare la forfecare:
d<fv,d
d=2.78104 daN/m2
2.78104 daN/m2 < 10.26104 daN/m2
Verificarea deformatiilor:
In faza initiala
Ix=(bh3)/12=(1201703)/12=49.13106 mm4
=0.00004913 m4=4.91310-5 m4
E0.05=9108 daN/m2
uz,inst=(5/384) (zk,cLc4)/(E0.05Ix)=(5/384)(1603.284)/(91084.91310-5)=
=0.00545=5.45410-3 m
uz,inst<(Lc/300)
0.00545<0.0109

12

In faza finala
ug,inst=(5/384)(gk,cLc4)/(E0.05Ix)=(5/384)(733.284)/(91084.91310-5)=
=0.00248=2.4810-3 m
Lc/200=3.28/200=0.0164 m
ufin,G=ug,inst(1+kdef)=0.00248(1+0.8)=0.00446 m
ufin,Q=uz,inst(1+2,1kdef)=0.00545(1+0.24)=0.00676 m
unet,fin=ufin,G+ufin,Z=0.00446+0.00676=0.01122 m
unet,fin<Lc/200
0.01122 m <0.0164 m

(verifica)

3.2 Calculul panei


Dimensiuni:
b=150 mm
h=150 mm
Panele reazapa pe pereti.

3.3 Calcul caprior peste deposit


=9o
cos(9o)=0.9397
d1=0.90 m
d2=5.15 m
Lc=d2/cos()=5.21 m
Caracteristici material:
Se va folosi brad de calitatea C18.
Clasa de exploatare 2.
Caracteristicile sectiunii transversale:
b=150 mm
h=250 mm
13

A=bh=150250=37.5103 mm2=0.0375 m2
Momentul de inertie
Ix=(bh3)/12=(1502503)/12=195.3106 mm4=19.5310-5 m4
Modul de rezistenta
Wx=(bh2)/6=(1502502)/6=156.3104 mm3=15.6310-4 m3

Incarcare din greutatea proprie (sarpanta vestiar):


-tigla metalica

0.1 kN/m2

-sipci lemn

0.035 kN/m2

-folie PVC

0.01 kN/m2

-astereala

0.12 kN/m2

-cepriori lemn

0.18 kN/m2

-vata minerala

0.07 kN/m2

-gips-carton pe structura metalica

0.30 kN/m2

-gletuieli si zugraveli

0.02 kN/m2

gk=0.8351.1=0.9185 kN/m2=91.9 daN/m2


Actiuni asupra capriorului:
-permanenta
gk,c=gkd1cos =0.91851030.900.988=0.817103 N/m=81.7 daN/m
-zapada
zk,c=pczd1cos2 =2.161030.900.976=1.897103 N/m=189.7 daN/m
Solicitarile
Mg,k,c=(gk,cLc2)/8=(81.75.212)/8=277.2 daNm
Mz,k,c=(zk,cLc2)/8=(189.75.212)/8=643.7 daNm
Vg,k,c=(gk,cLc)/2=(81.75.21)/2=212.8 daN
Vz,k,c=(zk,cLc)/2=(189.75.21)/2=494.2 daN
Md=1.35Mg,k,c+1.5Mz,k,c=1.35277.2+1.5643.7=1339.8 daNm
14

Md=1339.8 daNm
Vd=1.35Vg,k,c+1.5Vz,k,c=1.35212.8 +1.5494.2=1028.6 daN
Vd=1028.6 daN
m,d=Md/Wx=1339.8 /15.6310-4 =85.72104 daN/m2
d=Vd/A=1028.6/0.0375 =2.743104 daN/m2
Rezistente:
fm,k=18 N/mm2
ft,0,k=11 N/mm2
ft,90,k=0.3 N/mm2
fc,0,k=18 N/mm2
fc,90,k=4.8 N/mm2
fv,k=1.8 N/mm2
m=1.3
kmod,g=0.60
kmod,z=0.80
kmod,v=1.10
(150/h)0.2 =(150/250)0.2=0.903
kh=min

=> kh=0.903
1.3

kcrit=1
kls=1.1
kmod=(1.35kmod,ggk,c+1.5kmod,zzk,c)/(1.35gk,c+1.5zk,c)=
=(1.350.6081.7 +1.50.80189.7)/(1.3581.7 +1.5189.7)=
=0.744
fm,d=kmodkcritklskh(fm,k/ m)=
=0.74411.10.90318/1.3=
=10.23 N/mm2
fm,d=102.3104 daN/m2
fv,d=kmodfv,k/ m=0.7441.8/1.3=1.03 N/mm2
fv,d=10.3104 daN/m2
15

Verificare la incovoiere:
m,d<fm,d
m,d=85.72104 daN/m2
85.72104 daN/m2<102.3104 daN/m2

(verifica)

Verificare la forfecare:
d<fv,d
d=2.743104daN/m2
2.743104daN/m2 < 10.3104 daN/m2

(verifica)

Verificarea deformatiilor:
In faza initiala
Ix=(bh3)/12=(1502203)/12=195.3106 mm4
=0.0001953 m4=19.5310-5 m4
E0.05=9108 daN/m2
uz,inst=(5/384) (zk,cLc4)/(E0.05Ix)=(5/384)(189.75.214)/(910819.53105)=0.01035=10.3510-3

uz,inst<(Lc/300)
Lc/300=5.21/300=0.01736
0.01035<0.01736

(verifica)

In faza finala
ug,inst=(5/384)(gk,cLc4)/(E0.05Ix)=(5/384)( 81.75.214)/(910819.5310-5)=
=0.00445=4.4510-3 m
Lc/200=3.28/200=0.026 m
ufin,G=ug,inst(1+kdef)= 0.00445(1+0.8)=0.00801 m
ufin,Q=uz,inst(1+2,1kdef)= 0.01035(1+0.24)=0.012834 m
unet,fin=ufin,G+ufin,Z=0.00801 +0.012834 =0.020934 m
unet,fin<Lc/200
0.020934 m <0.026 m

(verifica)

16

3.4. Calcul grinda b.a. peste deposit


Clasa de expunere este XC1 (uscat sau umed in permanenta)
Dimensiuni grinda:
b=20 cm
h=40 cm
l=405 cm =4.05 m
beton=25 kN/m3=2500 daN/3
gk,g=0.200.402500=200 daN/m
gd=1.35200=270 daN/m
Incarcare adusa de capriori:
L2=(5.85/2)=2.93 m
gk,c=81.7 daN/m
zk,c=189.7 daN/m
Fc=2.9381.7=239.4 daN
Fz=2.93189.7=555.8 daN
F=1.35239.4+1.5555.8=1156.9 daN
Schema statica grinda

0.45
0.90

0.90

0.90

0.90

F
gd

4.05

=> 0.9F+1.8F+2.7F+3.6F+(gll/2)-V2l=0
V2=3254.33 daN

=> 0.45F+1.35F+2.25F+3.15F+(gll/2)-V1l=0
17

V1=2740.15 daN
MF1=2329.45 daNm
MF2=3344.31 daNm
MF3=3044.59 daNm
MF4=1430.28 daNm
Rezistente caracteristice si de calcul
C16/20
E=27000 N/mm2
fck=16 N/mm2 = 16103 kN/m2= 16105 daN/m2
fcd=fck/c=16105/1.5=10.667105 daN/m2
fyk=345 N/mm2 =345105 daN/m2
fyd= fsk/ s=345105/1.15=300105 daN/m2
Dimensionarea grinzi:
dnec=
MEd=3344.31 daNm
=(1-0.5)
=(p/100)(fyd/fcd)=(1.8 /100) (300105/10.667105)=0.3375
=0.3375(1-0.50.3375)=0.28
dnec=0.237
hg=dnec+ds
ds=cnom+etr+ long/2=
cnom=cmin+cdev
cmin=max(cmin,b ;cmim,dur ; 10mm)
cmin,b=max=16 mm
cmin,dur=15 mm
cmin=16 mm
cnom=26 mm
ds=26+8+8=42 mm
hg=0.237+0.042=0.279
Inaltimea grinzi ramane hg=0.4 m
18

hg/bg=0.4/0.2=2
leff=4.05 m
d=400-42=358 mm
=MEd/(bd2fcd)=3344.31/(0.20.358210.667105)=0.1223
=0.1634
=0.13087
As=b1d(fcd/fyd)=0.13087200358(10.667/300)=333 mm2= 3.33 cm2
Reguli constructive:
As,min=0.5 (fctm/fyk) bd 0.0013bd
0.0013bd=104 mm2
As,min=220.3 mm2
As,max0.04bd =32 cm2
fctm=1,9 N/mm2
As=3.33 cm2
As2=314=4.62 cm2 =462 mm2
Aria pe reazem:
As2=4.6210-4 m2
d2=26+8+7=41mm =0.041m
d=0.4-0.041=0.359 m
(

a=

=[(3344.31-4.6210-4300105(0.359-0.041)]/(0.20.359210.667105)=
=-0.0386
As1=MEd/(fyd(d-d2)=3344.31/(300105(0.359-0.041)=0.00035 m2=3.5 cm2
As1=314=4.62 cm2 =462 mm2
Calculul la forta taietoare:
VRd,c=[CRd,ck(100lfck)1/3+k1cp] bwd0.035k3/2fck1/2bwd
CRd,c=0.18/c=0.18/1.5=0.12
k=1+
2.0 => k=min(1+

,2)=1.746

l=Asl/bwd0.02
l=Asl/bwd=462/(200359)=0.00643
cp=0
VRd,c=[0.121.746 (1000.0064316)1/3]200359=32718.5N =32.72kN
19

VRd,c=32.72kN
0.035k3/2fck1/2bwd=0.0351.7463/2161/2200359=23190.96 N=23.19 kN
vmin=0.035k3/2fck1/2=0.323 N/mm2
VRd,c vmin bwd=0.323200359=23191.4 N=23.19 kN (verifica)
VEd=35.8 kN = 3580 daN
VRd,c<VEd

(NU verifica) -necesita etrieri

(Asw/s)nec=VEd/(fywdz)
-se impune sw -> Asw=nAsw -> s
-dimesionarea armaturii transversal
VRd,s=(Asw/s)zfywdcot
VRd,max=(cwbwz1fcd)/(ctg+tg)
lcr=1.5h=1.50.4=0.6m (zona critica)
=450
z=0.9d=0.9359=323 mm
cw=1
fywk=345 N/mm2
fywd=fywk/1.15=300 N/mm2
s=min{hw/4;150mm;6dbl}=min{
1=0.6(1-fck/200)=0.6(1-16/200)=0.552
VRd,max=(13003230.55216)/2=427910.4N=427.9 kN
VRd,c<VEd<VRd,max
(Asw/s)=VEd/(zfywdctg)=35.8103/(3233001)=0.369 mm2/m
s=Asw/(Asw/s)nec
-pt. 8 (As=50.3 mm2)
n=2
Asw=nAs=250.3=100.6 mm2
s=100.6/0.369=272.6 mm
Etrieri 8[mm]/250 mm
-forta taietoare capabila:
VRd,s=(Asw/s)effzfywdctg=(100.6/250)3233001=38992.56 N=38.99 kN
VRd,s=38.99 VEd=35.8 kN

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Determinarea lungimi de ancorare:


VEd=35.8 kN
a1=z(ctg-ctg)/2=323(1-0)/2=161.5 mm
FE=[(VEda1)/z]+NEd
FE=[(35.8161.5)/323]+6.1=24 kN
sd=FE/Asl,eff=24103/462=51.95 N/mm2
lb,rqd=0.25( sd/fbd)
fbd=2.25h1h2fctd=2.25111.3/1.5=1.95 N/mm2
lb,rqd=0.2514(51.95/1.95)=93.25 mm
Lungimea de ancorare se determina cu relatia:
lbd=12345lb,rqdlb,min
lb,min>max{0.3 lb,rqd;10 ;100mm}=max{28,140,100}=140 mm
lbd=max(1111193.25;140)=140 mm
Se adopta o lungime de ancorare efectiva:
lb,eff=200 mm (jumate din latimea reazamului)

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