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Subhadra Kumari Chauhan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Subhadra_Kumari_Chauhan

Subhadra Kumari Chauhan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Subhadra Kumari Chauhan (1904 – February 15, 1948) was an Indian poet famous for Hindi poems composed primarily in Veer Ras, one of the nine Ras' (English:

Flavour/Subgenre).

Subhadra Kumari Chauhan िििि

Flavour/Subgenre). Subhadra Kumari Chauhan िििि Born 1904 Nihalpur Village, Allahabad District, Uttar

Born

1904

Nihalpur Village, Allahabad District, Uttar Pradesh, British India

Died

May 15, 1948 [1] (aged-43/44)

Occupation Poet

Contents

1 Early life  

1 Early life

 
2 Family

2 Family

3 Career

3 Career

3.1 Writing career

3.1

Writing career

4 Death

4 Death

5 Works

5 Works

5.1 Collections of poems

5.1

Collections of poems

6 References

6 References

7 External links

7 External links

Early life

Nationality Indian

Born in Nihalpur village in Allahabad District in Uttar Pradesh. She initially studied in the Crosthwaite Girls’ School in Allahabad and passed the middle-school examination in 1919. After her marriage to Thakur Lakshman Singh Chauhan of Khandwa in the same year, she moved to Jabalpur.

Family

She had five children: Sudha Chauhan (now deceased), Ajay Chauhan (now deceased), Vijay Chauhan (now deceased), Ashok Chauhan (now deceased) and Mamta Chauhan (Bhargava), currently residing in Buffalo, India. The widows of Ajay and Ashok Chauhan currently live in Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh. [citation needed]

Career

Subhadra Kumari Chauhan joined the Non-Cooperation Movement in 1921 and was the first woman Satyagrahi to court arrest in Nagpur. She was jailed twice for her involvement in protests against the British rule in 1923 and 1942.

Writing career

She has authored a number of popular works in Hindi poetry. Her most famous composition is Jhansi Ki Rani, an emotionally charged poem describing the life of Rani Lakshmi Bai. The poem is one of the most recited and sung poems in Hindi literature. This and her other poems, Veeron Ka Kaisa Ho Basant (http://www.anubhuti- hindi.org/sankalan/vasanti_hava/veeronka.htm), Rakhi Ki Chunauti, and Vida (http://www.kavitakosh.org

Subhadra Kumari Chauhan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Subhadra_Kumari_Chauhan

/kk/index.php?title=%E0%A4%B5%E0%A4%BF%E0%A4%A6%E0%A4%BE_/_%E0%A4%B8%E0%A5%81

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%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%B0%E0%A5%80_%E0%A4%9A%E0%A5%8C%E0%A4%B9%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%A8),

openly talk about the freedom movement. They are said to have inspired great numbers of Indian youth to participate in the Indian Freedom Movement. Here is the opening stanza of Jhansi ki Rani:

Original Hindi text:

, , ,

, ,

,

Roman transliteration using ITRANS:

simhasan hil uthe, rajavanshon ne bhrikuti tani thi, boodhhe bharat mein aayi, phir se nayi jawaani thi, gumi hui azadI ki keemat sab ne pahachani thi, door firangi ko karne ki sab ne man mein thani thi. chamak uthi san sattawan mein, woh talwaar puraani thi, bundele harbolon ke munh ham ne sunI kahani thi, khoob ladi mardani woh to jhansI wali rani thi.

English translation:

The thrones shook and royalties scowled Old India was re-invigorated with new youth People realised the value of lost freedom Everybody was determined to throw the foreigners out The old sword glistened again in 1857 This story we heard from the mouths of Bundel bards Like a man she fought, she was the Queen of Jhansi

Subhadra Kumari Chauhan wrote in the Khariboli dialect of Hindi, in a simple, clear style. Apart from heroic poems, she also wrote poems for children. She wrote some short stories based on the life of the middle class too.

Death

She died in 1948 in a car accident near Kalbodi (in Seoni, Madhya Pradesh). An Indian Coast Guard ship has been named after her. [1] A Statue of Subhadra Kumari Chauhan has been installed by the Madhya Pradesh Government in front of the Municipal Corporation office of Jabalpur.

Works

Subhadra Kumari Chauhan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Collections of poems

Tridhara- Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Collections of poems Mukul (1930) Yeh Kadamb Ka Ped

Mukul (1930) (1930)

Yeh Kadamb Ka Pedencyclopedia Collections of poems Tridhara Mukul (1930) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Subhadra_Kumari_Chauhan These

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Subhadra_Kumari_Chauhan

These anthologies consist some of the well-known poems like Jhansi ki Raani, Veeron Ka Kaisa Ho Basant and Yeh Kadamb Ka Ped.

Seedhe-Saade Chitra (1946) (1946)

Seedhe-saade Chitra(1946) (1946)

Mera naya bachpan(1946) (1946)

References

1. ^ a b R. P. Tiwari (1999). Perspectives On Indian Women (http://books.google.com/books?id=npwz9iE5KMUC). APH Publishing. p. 137 (http://books.google.com.ph/books?id=npwz9iE5KMUC&pg=PA137). ISBN 978-81-7648-025-3.

Nalini Natarajan, Emmanuel Sampath Nelson (1996). Handbook of Twentieth-century Literatures of India Handbook of Twentieth-century Literatures of India (http://books.google.com/books?id=vfSPI2irzUgC&pg=PA146&lpg=PA146&

dq=subhadra+kumari+chauhan&source=web&ots=gIEswPt640&sig=qA4sdurkWJYNDj48iRirZaQbiVg).

Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 0-313-28778-3. by Natarajan, N.

External links

Subhadra Kumari Chauhan at Kavita Kosh (http://www.kavitakosh.org/kk/index.php?title=Group. ISBN 0-313-28778-3. by Natarajan, N. External links %E0%A4%95%E0%A4%B5%E0%A4%BF%E0%A4%AF%E0%A5%8B%E0%A4%82_

%E0%A4%95%E0%A4%B5%E0%A4%BF%E0%A4%AF%E0%A5%8B%E0%A4%82_

%E0%A4%95%E0%A5%80_%E0%A4%B8%E0%A5%82%E0%A4%9A%E0%A5%80)

Another brief biography (http://web.archive.org/web/20091027173647/http://geocities.com%E0%A4%95%E0%A5%80_%E0%A4%B8%E0%A5%82%E0%A4%9A%E0%A5%80) /dakshina_kan_pa/art31/women6.htm) Short note and recitation

/dakshina_kan_pa/art31/women6.htm)

Short note and recitation of the poem Jhansi Ki Rani (http://www.historytalking.com/hindi.htm)/dakshina_kan_pa/art31/women6.htm) Jhansi Ki Rani English Translation By Qazi Muhammad Ahkam

Jhansi Ki Rani English Translation By Qazi Muhammad Ahkam (http://oldpoetry.com/opoem/41054- Subhadra-Kumari-Chauhan-Jhansi-Ki-Rani--With-English-Translation-)Jhansi Ki Rani (http://www.historytalking.com/hindi.htm) Retrieved from

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Subhadra_Kumari_Chauhan&oldid=573769810"

Categories: 1904 births

1948 deaths

Hindi poets

Categories: 1904 births 1948 deaths Hindi poets Writers from Uttar Pradesh People from Khandwa People from

Writers from Uttar Pradesh

People from Khandwa

People from Allahabad district

Indian independence activists from Madhya Pradesh

Indian women writers

People from Jabalpur

Prisoners and detainees of British India

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