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# Numerical Analysis

Assignment NO.1

26-OCT-2010

## Calculate F1 , F2 , F3 & F4 due to windward and leeward wind load on

the below structure according to ASCE 7 -02.

Solution
Using METHOD 2 - ANALYTICAL PROCEDURE (section 6.5)

## Basic wind speed (3-sec gust speed) = 70 mph = 31.3 m/s

Directionality Factor

Kd = 0.85

(table 6-4)

## Important factor (Structure category)

Topographic Factor

## Terrain exposure constant : for terrain exposure D

= 11.5

Zg = 700 ft = 213.36 m

Kz = 2.01 ( Z / Zg ) 2/
qz = 0.613 Kz Kzt Kd V2 I ( N/m2 ) (clause 6.5.10 )
= 0.613 Kz * 1.0 * 0.85 * 31.32 * 1.15

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Numerical Analysis
Prepared By: Ahmed Shaban Mahmoud

Assignment NO.1

26-OCT-2010

## Guest Factor G is calculated accord. Clause 6.5.9 as shown

below.
According to clause 6-2 building is rigid when fundamental
frequency is greater than or equal to 1 Hz.
For terrain exposure D
Zmin = 7 ft = 2.1336 m

L = 650 ft

= 1/ 8.0

c = 0.15

B = 25m = 82.021 ft

building width

h = 40m = 131.23 ft

building height

## = L ( / 33 )^ = 650 ( 78.74 / 33 ) 1/8 = 724.6421

=
=

1 + 0.63
1 + 0.63

Q=0.879934

33

gQ = 3.4

82.021 + 131.23
724.6421

33
= 0.15
78.74

& gv = 3.4

= 0.129761

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Numerical Analysis
Prepared By: Ahmed Shaban Mahmoud

= 0.925
G = 0.8774

Assignment NO.1

1 + 1.7
1 + 1.7

= 0.925

26-OCT-2010

## (1 + 1.7 3.4 0.129761 0.879934)

1 + 1.7 3.4 0.129761

## Structure is enclosed according to clause 6.5.9.

L / B = 25 / 25 = 1.0
Cp = 0.8

Cp = -0.5

Cp = -0.7

## Wind On windward wall :-

Floor
NO.

Z
(m)

KZ

KZT

Kd

qz
( N/m2 )

Cp

Wind
Area
( m2 )

Gh

Wind Force
( KN )

35

1.47

1.15

1.00

0.85

861.7

0.8

250

0.8774

151.2

25

1.38

1.15

1.00

0.85

812.7

0.8

250

0.8774

142.6

15

1.27

1.15

1.00

0.85

743.6

0.8

250

0.8774

130.5

1.05

1.15

1.00

0.85

614.3

0.8

250

0.8774

107.8

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Numerical Analysis
Prepared By: Ahmed Shaban Mahmoud

Assignment NO.1

26-OCT-2010

Floor
NO.

h
(m)

KZ

KZT

Kd

qh
( N/m2 )

Cp

Wind
Area
( m2 )

Gh

Wind Force
( KN )

40

1.50

1.15

1.00

0.85

881.9

-0.5

250

0.8774

-96.7

40

1.50

1.15

1.00

0.85

881.9

-0.5

250

0.8774

-96.7

40

1.50

1.15

1.00

0.85

881.9

-0.5

250

0.8774

-96.7

40

1.50

1.15

1.00

0.85

881.9

-0.5

250

0.8774

-96.7

## Wind On windward wall :-

Level of
Force
NO.

Z
(m)

Windward
Force per floor (
KN )

Rearward Force
per floor ( KN )

floor ( KN )

system ( KN )

F1

40

75.60

48.36

124.0

61.98

F2

30

146.91

96.72

243.6

121.81

F3

20

136.55

96.72

233.3

116.63

F4

10

119.14

96.72

215.9

107.93

ground

53.90

48.36

102.3

51.13

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