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Numerical Analysis

Prepared By: Ahmed Shaban Mahmoud

Assignment NO.1

26-OCT-2010

Calculate F1 , F2 , F3 & F4 due to windward and leeward wind load on


the below structure according to ASCE 7 -02.

Solution
Using METHOD 2 - ANALYTICAL PROCEDURE (section 6.5)

Basic wind speed (3-sec gust speed) = 70 mph = 31.3 m/s


Directionality Factor

Kd = 0.85

(table 6-4)

Important factor (Structure category)


Topographic Factor

= 1.15 (table 6-1)

Kzt = 1.0 for flat area

Terrain exposure constant : for terrain exposure D


= 11.5

Zg = 700 ft = 213.36 m

Kz = 2.01 ( Z / Zg ) 2/
qz = 0.613 Kz Kzt Kd V2 I ( N/m2 ) (clause 6.5.10 )
= 0.613 Kz * 1.0 * 0.85 * 31.32 * 1.15

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Numerical Analysis
Prepared By: Ahmed Shaban Mahmoud

Assignment NO.1

26-OCT-2010

Guest Factor G is calculated accord. Clause 6.5.9 as shown


below.
According to clause 6-2 building is rigid when fundamental
frequency is greater than or equal to 1 Hz.
For terrain exposure D
Zmin = 7 ft = 2.1336 m

L = 650 ft

= 1/ 8.0

c = 0.15

B = 25m = 82.021 ft

building width

h = 40m = 131.23 ft

building height

= 0.6 h = 0.6 * 40 = 24m = 78.74 ft

not less than Zmin

= L ( / 33 )^ = 650 ( 78.74 / 33 ) 1/8 = 724.6421

=
=

1 + 0.63
1 + 0.63

Q=0.879934

33

gQ = 3.4

82.021 + 131.23
724.6421

33
= 0.15
78.74

& gv = 3.4

= 0.129761

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Numerical Analysis
Prepared By: Ahmed Shaban Mahmoud

= 0.925
G = 0.8774

Assignment NO.1

1 + 1.7
1 + 1.7

= 0.925

26-OCT-2010

(1 + 1.7 3.4 0.129761 0.879934)


1 + 1.7 3.4 0.129761

( near from 0.85 )

Structure is enclosed according to clause 6.5.9.


L / B = 25 / 25 = 1.0
Cp = 0.8

for windward wall

Cp = -0.5

for leeward wall ( with qh )

Cp = -0.7

for side wall ( with qh )

Wind On windward wall :-

Floor
NO.

Z
(m)

KZ

KZT

Kd

qz
( N/m2 )

Cp

Wind
Area
( m2 )

Gh

Wind Force
( KN )

35

1.47

1.15

1.00

0.85

861.7

0.8

250

0.8774

151.2

25

1.38

1.15

1.00

0.85

812.7

0.8

250

0.8774

142.6

15

1.27

1.15

1.00

0.85

743.6

0.8

250

0.8774

130.5

1.05

1.15

1.00

0.85

614.3

0.8

250

0.8774

107.8

Page 3 of 4

Numerical Analysis
Prepared By: Ahmed Shaban Mahmoud

Assignment NO.1

26-OCT-2010

Wind On rearward wall :-

Floor
NO.

h
(m)

KZ

KZT

Kd

qh
( N/m2 )

Cp

Wind
Area
( m2 )

Gh

Wind Force
( KN )

40

1.50

1.15

1.00

0.85

881.9

-0.5

250

0.8774

-96.7

40

1.50

1.15

1.00

0.85

881.9

-0.5

250

0.8774

-96.7

40

1.50

1.15

1.00

0.85

881.9

-0.5

250

0.8774

-96.7

40

1.50

1.15

1.00

0.85

881.9

-0.5

250

0.8774

-96.7

Wind On windward wall :-

Level of
Force
NO.

Z
(m)

Windward
Force per floor (
KN )

Rearward Force
per floor ( KN )

Total Force per


floor ( KN )

Total Force per bracing


system ( KN )

F1

40

75.60

48.36

124.0

61.98

F2

30

146.91

96.72

243.6

121.81

F3

20

136.55

96.72

233.3

116.63

F4

10

119.14

96.72

215.9

107.93

ground

53.90

48.36

102.3

51.13

Base Shear due to wind = 919 KN.

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