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UNIVERSIDAD TECNOLGICA EQUINOCCIAL Extensin Santo Domingo

Name: Ana Gisela Pazos Villalva Class: 6107 Date: 12 de septiembre de 2013 Topic: Talking about probability: likely, unlikely, sure

TALKING ABOUT PROBABILITY


The term, "probability" can be defined as the chance of an event occurring.

Walk-on Probability Line Probability can be shown on a line.

There are many ways of saying that something will probably or possibly happen in English, here we have a:

Likely (adjective) Used to indicate the chance that something will happen, probably is true Note: Be likely to have a similar meaning as May, which replaces the sentence in question form. She may fall in love again. -> She is likely to fall in love again. Examples: probably going to happen, or probably true The most likely cause of the fire was a cigarette. An election is likely next year. likely to do something: It's likely to rain tomorrow. Is Bob likely to come? Is she likely to be at home now likely (that): It seems likely that interest rates will rise. more than likely (=almost certain): It's more than likely I'll see Ben this week. Likely Event (The event that is most likely to happen) "A coin dropped would land on the floor showing a head." This event will most probably happen. So, it is a likely event. Unlikely (adjective) : not likely : not seeming to be right or suited for a purpose Examples: not likely to happen I think her coming back is a pretty unlikely prospect. It's unlikely he will find his lost keys. unlikely to do something: He's unlikely ever to find a job again. It's unlikely that she will move. She is unlikely to return home early this evening. unlikely (that): It seems unlikely that she will make the same mistake again. most/highly/extremely unlikely: It's highly unlikely that we'll be invited.

It's highly unlikely that the company will expand. in the unlikely event (=if this unlikely thing actually happens): In the unlikely event that you are not completely satisfied with your vacation, we will offer a full refund.

Sure Be sure to expresses an almost sure action to happen, therefore the present time in these phrases has a notion of future. Examples: Bruno and Horatio are sure to succeed. The weather is sure to be worse tomorrow. It was sure to happen! Note: Be sure to have a similar meaning to the auxiliary should. Be sure to bring your passport = You should bring your passport In imperative constructions, Be sure to ... is synonymous Make sure to, and has a similar meaning to Do not fail to ... : Make sure to arrive at the meeting on time. Make sure you arrive at the meeting point. Do not fail to pay me back by Thursday. Do not forget to pay me before Thursday EXAMPLES OF LIKELY, UNLIKELY AND SURE 1) Order the following words a) think I unlikely it's come still that he'll today. _________________________________________________________________________________ b) for It'll rain sure. _________________________________________________________________________________ c) to is He arrive likely tonight. _________________________________________________________________________________ d) It used it is frequently likely not is that. _________________________________________________________________________________ e) sure to He come is. _________________________________________________________________________________ 2) Complete with: a likely / likely / sure / an unlikely a) They regard him as _____________ candidate for the job. b) I'm ___________ that you'll succeed. c) It is _______________ to rain again. d) Are you ____________ of your answer? e) He was ___________________ candidate for the position. 3) Write true if the sentence is correct otherwise false a) Please be like to take one dose three times a day. _________________ b) Sure, I'll drive you to the park. _____________ c) Are you sure that you want to quit your job? _________________ d) I think it's highly unlikely that I'll ever see my stolen motorcycle again. ______________ 4) Choose whether the event is likely, unlikely, or equally likely to occur. "Your hair would grow 5 inches longer by tomorrow." Choices: A. a likely event B. an unlikely event C. an equally likely event

EXAMPLES OF LIKELY, UNLIKELY AND SURE (mia) 5) Order the following words a) I still think it's unlikely that he'll come today. _________________________________________________________________________________ b) It'll rain for sure. _________________________________________________________________________________ c)

He is likely to arrive tonight.

_________________________________________________________________________________ d) It is likely that it is not frequently used. _________________________________________________________________________________ e) He is sure to come. _________________________________________________________________________________ 6) Complete with: a likely / likely / sure / an unlikely a) They regard him as _____________a likely candidate for the job. b) I'm ___________ sure that you'll succeed. c) It is _______________ likely to rain again. d) Are you ____________ sure of your answer? e) He was ___________________ an unlikely candidate for the position. Write true if the sentence is correct otherwise false a) Please be sure to take one dose three times a day. b) Please be like to take one dose three times a day. _________________ (FALSA) c) Sure, I'll drive you to the park. _____________ (VDD) d) Are you sure that you want to quit your job? _________________ (VDD) e) I think it's highly unlikely that I'll ever see my stolen motorcycle again. ______________ (vdd)

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8) Choose whether the event is likely, unlikely, or equally likely to occur. "Your hair would grow 5 inches longer by tomorrow." Choices: A. a likely event B. an unlikely event C. an equally likely event Correct answer: B
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