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NEMA Standards Publication EW 4-2009

Graphic Symbols for Arc Welding and Cutting Apparatus

Published by

National Electrical Manufacturers Association 1300 North 17th Street, Suite 1752 Rosslyn, VA 22209

©2009 by National Electrical Manufacturers Association. All rights, including translation into other languages, reserved under the Universal Copyright Convention, the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, and the International and Pan American Copyright Conventions.

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CONTENTS

1 Scope

6

2 References

6

2.1 Normative references

6

2.2 Informative references

6

3 Terms and definitions

9

4 Identification of parts and application

10

4.1 General

10

4.2 Procedure for parts

11

4.3 Selection of symbols

11

4.4 Size of symbols

12

4.5 Use of color

12

5 Graphic symbols

12

6 How to combine graphic symbols

52

6.1 General

52

6.2 Procedure to combine symbols

53

6.3 Summary 55

Annex A (informative) Examples of Grouping of Symbols

A.1 A.2 A.3 A.4 A.5 A.6
A.1
A.2
A.3
A.4
A.5
A.6
57 57 57 58 58 59 59
57
57
57
58
58
59
59

60

60

61

61

62

62

63

63

64

64

65

Input voltage/power switch Use of remote receptacles and selector switches Weld start and stop push buttons Panel indicator lights Output (contactor) switch Arc force control potentiometer Terminals and selector switch on AC/DC welder Process switch (SMAW-GTAW-GMAW) Ignition switch on engine driven welder Idle switch Start/run switch Process selection for GMAW Control potentiometers for GMAW Switched settings for GMAW Setting pulsing parameters using digital display Setting pulsed GMAW parameters with digital display

A.7

A.8

A.9

A.10

A.11

A.12

A.13

A.14

A.15

A.16

A.17 AC balance control with balanced position used for the SMAW process

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FOREWORD

This publication provides manufacturers and users of arc welding and cutting equipment with a system of graphic symbols that can be used and recognized throughout the arc welding and cutting industry. These graphic symbols communicate the required message independent of any language, thus minimizing difficulties that could arise when equipment is used by operators speaking different languages.

There are three major factors contributing to the need for graphic symbols: 1) large numbers of functionally illiterate people in the labor force; 2) large numbers of non-English speaking U.S. residents; and 3) the diversity of the global marketplace. In an effort to communicate with as many people as possible, graphic symbols have been developed. This publication standardizes those graphic symbols used on arc welding and cutting equipment, explains their direct meaning, and shows their proper use.

The work to develop graphic symbols that provide a clear and practical means of communicating to operators of arc welding and cutting equipment the function and use of equipment controls unique to the arc welding and cutting industry has been in progress for a number of decades.

In 1957, the International Organization for Standardization Technical Committee 44 (Welding) (ISO/TC 44) began work on the rating of manual arc welding equipment. This led to the publication of ISO Recommendation R700.

This led to the publication of ISO Recommendation R700. In 1976, Subcommittee SC 4 (Arc Welding
This led to the publication of ISO Recommendation R700. In 1976, Subcommittee SC 4 (Arc Welding

In 1976, Subcommittee SC 4 (Arc Welding Equipment) of ISO/TC 44 proposed a revision of ISO R700 that incorporated graphic symbols for the identification of equipment control functions and description of welding processes.

In 1977, the NEMA Arc Welding Apparatus Graphic Symbols Committee, consisting of representatives of arc welding equipment manufacturers, was formed to review the ISO symbols.

In 1982, the first edition of NEMA Standards Publication EW 4 was published. In its preparation, the Committee also gave consideration to the work of other organizations such as the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), the American Welding Society (AWS), the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE), the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), as well as the symbols being used by U.S. and European welding and cutting equipment manufacturers. Many of the symbols were adopted directly from the work of these organizations, and credit was given to them in EW 4. As a result, the Committee proposed additional symbols for the identification and use of equipment controls that were captured in the first edition of NEMA EW 4. The first edition contained 92 of the most commonly used symbols for welding and cutting products.

In 1984, Technical Committee ISO/TC 145 published ISO 7000 incorporating the graphic symbols from R700 and a 1979 amendment that provided symbols for all kinds of equipment. In 1989, ISO 7000 was revised and published.

In 1988, NEMA EW 4 was rescinded.

In 1994, a new version of EW 4 was published. As in the past, this edition gave a great deal of consideration to the work of other organizations, both national and international. Where symbols were used directly from another source, credit was given to that document. This edition added information on how to combine graphic symbols as well as additional and more current examples

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of their use. This edition contained 185 symbols to accommodate more complex products and processes.

Noting advancements in technology and equipment, changes in the global marketplace, and greater need for harmonization with internationally used graphic symbols, a revision to EW 4 began in 2004 leading to the publication of this document.

This 2009 edition of EW 4 has three main enhancements. First, it adds symbols from Annex L of IEC 60974-1. Secondly, this revision uses an international style acceptable to NEMA drafting principles that harmonize with ISO/IEC documentation methods. Thirdly, where multiple symbols for the same control, function, or item exist, they are added and shown together to aid ease of use and clarity. As a result, this edition contains 217 symbols to address the expanded needs of users.

This publication will be reviewed periodically by the NEMA Arc Welding Section for the purpose of updating graphic symbols to reflect advancing technology or the latest graphic symbol applications. Please address any comments or questions regarding this publication to:

Vice President, Technical Services National Electrical Manufacturers Association 1300 North 17th Street, Suite 1752 Rosslyn, VA 22209

1300 North 17th Street, Suite 1752 Rosslyn, VA 22209 Comments from parties that have an interest
1300 North 17th Street, Suite 1752 Rosslyn, VA 22209 Comments from parties that have an interest

Comments from parties that have an interest in, or responsibility for, the purchase, application, use, and inspection of arc welding and cutting equipment were considered throughout the revision of this publication, and led to a number of changes from the previous edition. When major changes to this publication are proposed, these parties will again have the opportunity to participate in NEMA committee proceedings in order to review and comment on the revision.

The artwork for the graphic symbols shown in this publication is stored in NEMA’s electronic files. More information on downloading these files free of charge can be found on the EW 4 webpage at

http://www.nema.org/stds/ew4.cfm.

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NOTICE AND DISCLAIMER

The information in this publication was considered technically sound by the consensus of persons engaged in the development and approval of the document at the time it was developed. Consensus does not necessarily mean that there is unanimous agreement among every person participating in the development of this document.

NEMA standards and guideline publications, of which the document contained herein is one, are developed through a voluntary consensus standards development process. This process brings together volunteers and/or seeks out the views of persons who have an interest in the topic covered by this publication. While NEMA administers the process and establishes rules to promote fairness in the development of consensus, it does not write the document and it does not independently test, evaluate or verify the accuracy or completeness of any information or the soundness of any judgments contained in its standards and guideline publications.

NEMA disclaims liability for any personal injury, property or other damages of any nature whatsoever, whether special, indirect, consequential or compensatory, directly or indirectly resulting from the publication, use of, application, or reliance on this document. NEMA disclaims and makes no guaranty or warranty, express or implied, as to the accuracy or completeness of any information published herein, and disclaims and makes no warranty that the information in this document will fulfill any of your particular purposes or needs. NEMA does not undertake to guarantee the performance of any individual manufacturer’s or seller’s products or services by virtue of this standard or guide.

products or services by virtue of this standard or guide. In publishing and making this document
products or services by virtue of this standard or guide. In publishing and making this document

In publishing and making this document available, NEMA is not undertaking to render professional or other services for or on behalf of any person or entity. Nor is NEMA undertaking to perform any duty owed by any person or entity to someone else. Anyone using this document should rely on his or her own independent judgment or, as appropriate, seek the advice of a competent professional in determining the exercise of reasonable care in any given circumstances. Information and other standards on the topic covered by this publication may be available from other sources, which the user may wish to consult for additional views or information not covered by this publication.

NEMA has no power, nor does it undertake to police or enforce compliance with the contents of this document. NEMA does not certify, test or inspect products, designs or installations for safety or health purposes. Any certification or other statement of compliance with any health or safety– related information in this document shall not be attributable to NEMA and is solely the responsibility of the certifier or maker of the statement.

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1 Scope

This publication provides graphic symbols for arc welding and cutting equipment, including those symbols used to identify controls, indicators, connection points, operations, functions, commands, and processes. This publication does not cover graphic symbols used to alert personnel of immediate or potential personal hazards in the use of the equipment.

2 References

2.1 Normative references

Each publication listed below is directly referenced in subsequent clauses of this publication, and has a corresponding footnote identifying the publisher and, where available, information on how to order the publication. It is recommended that the latest edition be requested when ordering a standard.

IEC 60027-1, Letter symbols to be used in electrical technology — Part 1: General 1

IEC 60417-1, Graphical Symbols for use on equipment — Part 1: Overview and application 2

IEC 60974-1, Arc welding equipment — Part 1: Welding power sources 1

Arc welding equipment — Part 1: Welding power sources 1 ISO 3767-1, Tractors, machinery for agriculture
Arc welding equipment — Part 1: Welding power sources 1 ISO 3767-1, Tractors, machinery for agriculture

ISO 3767-1, Tractors, machinery for agriculture and forestry, powered lawn and garden equipment — Symbols for operator controls and other displays — Part 1: Common symbols 3

ISO 7000, Graphical symbols for use on equipment — Index and synopsis 2

ISO 17846, Welding and allied processes — Health and safety — Wordless precautionary labels for equipment and consumables used in arc welding and cutting 3

SAE International,

Handbook 4

2.2 Informative references

Each publication listed below has a corresponding footnote identifying the publisher and, where available, information on how to order the publication. It is recommended that the latest edition be requested when ordering a standard.

ANSI/IEC 60974-1, Arc welding equipment — Part 1: Welding power sources 5

———————

1 Published by, and available from, the International Electrotechnical Commission, 3 rue de Varembé, Geneva 1120, Switzerland; website: www.iec.ch

2 IEC 60417 and ISO 7000 are published in a single volume, available from the International Electrotechnical Commission, 3 rue de Varembé, Geneva 1120, Switzerland; website: www.iec.ch

3 Published by, and available from, International Organization for Standardization (ISO), 1 rue de Varembé, Geneva 1120, Switzerland; website: www.iso.org

4 Published by, and available from, SAE International, 400 Commonwealth Drive, Warrendale, PA 15906; website:

www.sae.org; phone: 1-877-606-7323

5 Published by National Electrical Manufacturers Association and available from Global Engineering Documents; website: global.ihs.com; phone: 1-877-413-5184

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ANSI Z49.1, Safety in Welding and Cutting 6

ANSI Z129.1, American National Standard for Hazardous Industrial Chemicals — Precautionary Labeling 7

ANSI Z535.1,

Safety Color Code 8

ANSI Z535.2, Environmental and Facility Safety Signs 8

ANSI Z535.3, Criteria for Safety Symbols 8

ANSI Z535.4, Product Safety Signs and Labels 8

ANSI Z535.5, Safety Tags and Barricade Tapes (for Temporary Hazards) 8

ANSI Z535.6, Product Safety Information in Product Manuals, Instructions, and Other Collateral Materials 8

ASME Y14.5M, Dimensioning and Tolerancing 9

AWS A3.0, Standard Welding Terms and Definitions 6

9 AWS A3.0, Standard Welding Terms and Definitions 6 CAN/CSA E60974-1-00 (R2005), Arc welding equipment —
9 AWS A3.0, Standard Welding Terms and Definitions 6 CAN/CSA E60974-1-00 (R2005), Arc welding equipment —

CAN/CSA E60974-1-00 (R2005), Arc welding equipment — Part 1: Welding power sources 10

CAN/CSA E60974-5-03, Arc welding equipment — Part 5: Wire Feeders 10

CAN/CSA E60974-7-02 (R2007), Arc welding equipment — Part 7: Torches 10

CSA C22.2 No. 60, Arc Welding Equipment 10

DIN 30 600, Graphic Symbols (Bildzeichen Übersicht) 11

FMC, Product Safety Sign and Label System 12

———————

6 Published by, and available from, American Welding Society, 550 N.W. LeJeune Road, Miami, FL 33126; website:

www.aws.org; phone: 1-800-443-9353

7 Available from American National Standards Institute, 11 West 42nd Street, New York, NY 10036; website:

www.ansi.org; phone: 1-212-642-4980

8 Published by National Electrical Manufacturers Association and available through Global Engineering website: global.ihs.com; phone: 1-877-413-5184

9 Published, and available from, ASME International, Three Park Avenue, New York, NY 10016-5990; website:

Documents;

www.asme.org; phone: 1-800-843-2763

10 Published by, and available from, Canadian Standards Association, 5060 Spectrum Way, Mississauga, Ontario L4W 5N6, Canada; website: www.csa.ca; phone: 1-800-463-6727

11 Published by Deutsche Institut für Normung and available from Beuth Verlag GmbH, Burggrafenstraße 6, 10787 Berlin, Germany; website: www.beuth.de

12 Published by FMC Corporation, Corporate Technology Center, P.O. Box 580, Santa Clara, CA 95052

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Henry Dreyfuss, Symbol Sourcebook: An Authoritative Guide to International Graphic Symbols 13

William K. Horton, The Icon Book: Visual Symbols for Computer Documentation 14

IEC 80416-1, Basic principles for graphical symbols for use on equipment — Part 1: Creation of symbol originals 15

IEEE 315, Graphic Symbols for Electrical and Electronics Diagrams (Including Reference Designation Class Designation Letters) 16

ISO 3461-1, General principles for the creation of graphical symbols — Part 1: Graphical symbols for use on equipment 17

ISO 3864-2, Graphical symbols — Safety colours and safety signs — Part 2: Design principles for product safety labels 17

ISO 3864-3, Graphical symbols — Safety colours and safety signs — Part 3: Design principles for graphical symbols for use in safety signs 17

NEMA EW 1, Electric Arc Welding Power Sources 18

NEMA EW 6, Guidelines for Precautionary Labeling of Arc Welding and Cutting Products 18

Labeling of Arc Welding and Cutting Products 1 8 NFPA 70, National Electrical Code 19 OSHA
Labeling of Arc Welding and Cutting Products 1 8 NFPA 70, National Electrical Code 19 OSHA

NFPA 70, National Electrical Code 19

OSHA 29 CFR 1910, Occupational Safety and Health Standards 20

UL 551, Transformer-type Arc Welding Machines 21

UL 2201, Standard for Portable Engine-Generator Assemblies 22

Westinghouse MB 3662, Product Safety Label Handbook 23

———————

13 Published by John Wiley and Sons Inc. (last publication date: May 1984)

14 Published by John Wiley and Sons Inc. (last publication date: 1994)

15 Published by, and available from, International Electrotechnical Commission, 3 rue de Varembé, Geneva 1120, Switzerland; website: www.iec.ch

16 Published by, and available from, IEEE, 445 Hoes Lane, Piscataway, NJ 08854; website: www.ieee.org; phone: 1-

800-701-4333

17 Published by, and available from, International Organization for Standardization (ISO), 1 rue de Varembé, Geneva 1120, Switzerland; website: www.iso.org

18 Published by National Electrical Manufacturers Association and available through Global Engineering Documents; website: global.ihs.com; phone: 1-877-413-5184

19

Published by, and available from, National Fire Protection Association, 1 Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02169; website: www.nfpa.org; phone: 1-800-344-3555

20 Published by, and available from, Occupational Health & Safety Administration, U.S. Department of Labor; website:

www.osha.gov; phone 1-800-321-6742

21 Published by Underwriters Laboratories and available from Comm 2000; website: www.comm-2000.com; phone: 1-

800-853-3503

22 Draft developed by Underwriters Laboratories based on an Outline for Investigation, Subject 2201

23 Published by Westinghouse Electric Corporation, Gateway Center, Pittsburgh, PA 15222

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3 Terms and definitions

NOTE

for welding processes, are used as defined in AWS A3.0.

The following terms have definitions unique to this publication. Other terms found in this publication, such as

3.1

connection point place such as output terminal or receptacle where electrical connections are made (can be mechanical, water, or gas connections)

3.2

control device whose movement causes changes in equipment operation or status such as rheostats,

potentiometers, or switches

3.3

downslope time during which process parameters change from one welding or cutting value to a second lower value

3.4

function action that a control causes to happen or not to happen by adjusting the control

causes to happen or not to happen by adjusting the control 3.5 graphic symbol pictogram graphical
causes to happen or not to happen by adjusting the control 3.5 graphic symbol pictogram graphical

3.5

graphic symbol pictogram graphical symbol pictorial picture used to replace or supplement one or more written words in order to transmit a message

or to represent an object, concept, or function

3.6

indicator device that shows or indicates something such as water level or temperature level

3.7

input input power requirements of equipment including volts, amps, phase, and hertz (frequency)

3.8

memory capability of the equipment, usually microprocessor-based, to store one or more parameters for recall at a later time

3.9

mode volt-ampere curve type of operation such as CC (constant current, drooper) or CV (constant

voltage, flat)

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3.10

output rated output of the equipment at a specific load, and usually expressed in amperes and volts at a

specific duty cycle

3.11

plasma arc gouging plasma arc cutting process variation that uses a constricted arc and removes the molten metal with a high velocity jet of ionized gas issuing from the constricting orifice to form a bevel or

groove

3.12

program single program selected in a multi-program device, usually found on microprocessor-controlled

type of equipment

3.13

sequence various parts of a process cycle such as preflow, initial, weld, crater, final, and postflow

3.14

slope rising or falling areas of a process cycle

3.14 slope rising or falling areas of a process cycle 3.15 source place, document, or group
3.14 slope rising or falling areas of a process cycle 3.15 source place, document, or group

3.15

source place, document, or group from which the symbol element(s) were taken or originated

3.16

unit of measurement unit used to describe a quantity

EXAMPLE

For current as the quantity, ampere is the unit of measurement.

3.17

upslope time during which the process parameters change from one welding or cutting value to a second

higher value

4 Identification of parts and application

4.1

General

The symbols are normally placed on equipment to instruct as to its use and operation. In addition, there may be warnings or limits as to use of some controls. In some cases, symbols may be used to identify the complete package or subassemblies.

The user of equipment can determine the meaning of symbols by referring to Clause 5. Symbols may be accompanied by words and phrases until such time that universal recognition is achieved. Words or phrases, to be used in addition to the symbols, are to be selected by the manufacturer (see Annex A for typical examples). The process of selecting symbols for a particular application is simplified by the procedure in 4.2.

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4.2 Procedure for parts

The following steps should be taken for parts needing identification that can be expressed with symbols:

a)

b)

c)

d)

e)

f)

g)

4.3

list all existing parts and group similar parts together in tabular form; for example: switches, receptacles, and terminals;

list the exact function of each part, for example:

1) switch – to control input power;

2) rheostat – to control welding current;

3) lamp – to indicate low oil pressure when lit;

4) terminal – to identify the work lead connection point;

list the direction of movement and result of such movement associated with the part; for example:

1) rotate clockwise to increase;

2) push up for ON; down for OFF;

3) pull out to STOP;

list the command associated with the part; for example: do not switch while welding

list the quantity and unit of measurement related to the part; for example:

1) 0-10 dial, in seconds; 2) 0-10 dial, no meaning to graduations;
1) 0-10 dial, in seconds;
2) 0-10 dial, no meaning to graduations;
dial, in seconds; 2) 0-10 dial, no meaning to graduations; list all items (words or phrases)

list all items (words or phrases) that are not physical parts, but for which symbols are to be selected; for example: water, high frequency, positive polarity;

review the preceding steps to ensure that all physical parts have some distinguishing description that clearly states, in an understandable manner, exactly what is to be represented by graphic symbols; it is important that the language description be clear before attempting to select symbols.

Selection of symbols

A symbol may exist that exactly transmits the requirements worked out in the preceding sections. However, it is usually necessary to use a building block approach and use combinations of symbols as required.

Refer to Tables 2 and 3 which list the function keyword or phrase columns and corresponding graphic symbol number. Select symbols by looking at both the symbol and the function, keyword or phrase columns. List the symbol numbers opposite the parts and items listed from the procedure described in 4.2. Use this composite list as a guide for preparing the artwork for labels or screening process. Consistent positioning of each symbol around the device promotes overall readability.

Alternative methods of applying symbols are shown in the examples in Annex A. Select the method that best identifies the control or component, how it is to be used, and what is indicated, as needed for the application.

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4.4 Size of symbols

For the application of the symbols it may be necessary either to reduce or to enlarge the original to a suitable size. In the case of symbols composed of several graphic elements, or when reducing to minimum height, check that clear identification is still possible and legibility is adequate.

Recommended minimum symbol size is 1/4 inch (6.3 mm) square. It will be necessary to use sound judgment when size reduction is done. Show the proposed size to a typical target audience, and carefully check their responses. Consider available light, user distance, and possible operating conditions as factors during size selection also. Always retain adequate line thickness for reproduction process and user visibility.

4.5 Use of color

In general, the graphic form of a symbol reproduced in black on white or white on black should be sufficient for its identification. However, there may be cases in which the meaning of the symbol may depend on the application of one or more colors. In these cases the relevant colors are normally specified in the standard regulating or advising that specific area of concern. For the purposes of this standard and these symbols, adequate contrast between symbol and background is most important. As long as the symbol is clearly delineated and fully legible, actual color selection is not mandatory. Be aware that certain colors, such as red, orange, and yellow, are designated safety alerting colors according to ANSI Z535. If necessary for legibility when reduced in size, the symbol may be filled.

Graphic symbols
Graphic symbols
reduced in size, the symbol may be filled. Graphic symbols 5 The symbols shown in Table

5

The symbols shown in Table 1 are for use on arc welding and cutting apparatus, except for the rating plate; see IEC 60974-1 for symbols used on rating plates. Table 1 presents the symbols along with its reference number; function, keyword or phrase, application and source.

NOTE 1 The symbols shown in Table 1 may differ slightly in terms of shading from those shown in the source document. Table 1 contains all symbols found in Annex L of IEC 60974-1 except those symbols that differ only slightly from symbols from other sources.

NOTE 2 Some functions, keywords, or phrases in Table 1 show more than one symbol. The order in which the symbols appear imply no order of importance or preference. It is assumed that the user will determine his own importance or preference according to factors such as intended product use and product certification requirements.

Table 2 provides an alphabetical listing by function, keyword or phrase with corresponding symbol numbers. Table 3 provides a numerical listing by symbol number with corresponding function, keyword or phrase.

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Table 1 Graphic symbols

NO. SYMBOL FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR PHRASE APPLICATION SOURCE(S) a AMPERAGE Signifies amperage or amperage control
NO.
SYMBOL
FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR
PHRASE
APPLICATION
SOURCE(S) a
AMPERAGE
Signifies amperage or
amperage control
IEC 60027-1-
1
67
IEC 60027-1-
2
VOLTAGE
Signifies voltage or
voltage control
56
IEC 60027-1-
3
HERTZ
Signifies cycles per
second
18
IEC 60027-1-
4
FREQUENCY
Signifies frequency
18
Signifies time in
seconds
IEC 60027-1-
5
SECONDS
12
IEC 60027-1-
6
TIME
Signifies time
12
IEC 60417-1-
5006
7
NEGATIVE
Signifies negative
switch position or
connection
IEC 60974-1-
21

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NO. SYMBOL FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR PHRASE APPLICATION SOURCE(S) a IEC 60417-1- 5005 8 POSITIVE Signifies
NO.
SYMBOL
FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR
PHRASE
APPLICATION
SOURCE(S) a
IEC 60417-1-
5005
8
POSITIVE
Signifies positive switch
position or connection
IEC 60974-1-
20
IEC 60417-1-
5031
9
DIRECT CURRENT (DC)
Signifies direct current
IEC 60974-1-
75
is similar
IEC 60417-1-
5032
10
ALTERNATING CURRENT
(AC)
Signifies alternating
current
IEC 60974-1-
76
is similar
IEC 60417-1-
ALTERNATING CURRENT
Signifies alternating
current and direct
current
5033
11
(AC) AND DIRECT
CURRENT (DC)
IEC 60974-1-
77
IEC 60417-1-
5017
12
EARTH (GROUND)
Signifies the earth
(ground) connection
IEC 60974-1-
22
IEC 60417-1-
13
PROTECTIVE EARTH
(GROUND)
Signifies the equipment
connection point for the
protective earth ground
5019
IEC 60974-1-
23
IEC 60417-1-
5020
14
FRAME OR CHASSIS
Signifies the frame or
chassis connection
IEC 60974-1-
24
IEC 60417-1-
5016
15
FUSE
Signifies a fuse
IEC 60974-1-
25

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NO. SYMBOL FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR PHRASE APPLICATION SOURCE(S) a 16 INPUT PLUG AND CORD Signifies
NO.
SYMBOL
FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR
PHRASE
APPLICATION
SOURCE(S) a
16
INPUT PLUG AND CORD
Signifies an input
power plug and cord
that connects to line
derived from
symbol 17
17
LINE CONNECTION
Signifies a line
connection
IEC 60417-1-
5939
derived from
18
AUXILIARY POWER
Signifies an auxiliary
power outlet
symbol 17
19
CIRCUIT BREAKER
Signifies a circuit
breaker in an electrical
circuit
ANSI/NEMA
20
RECEPTACLE RATING –
AUXILIARY POWER
Signifies the receptacle
rating
ANSI/NEMA
1
derived from
21
SINGLE PHASE
Signifies single phase
IEC 60974-1-
76
derived from
22
THREE PHASE
Signifies three phase
IEC 60974-1-
76
IEC 60417-1-
5156
23
TRANSFORMER
Identifies a transformer
IEC 60974-1-
78

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NO. SYMBOL FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR PHRASE APPLICATION SOURCE(S) a SINGLE PHASE derived from 24 TRANSFORMER
NO.
SYMBOL
FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR
PHRASE
APPLICATION
SOURCE(S) a
SINGLE PHASE
derived from
24
TRANSFORMER
Signifies a single phase
transformer
IEC 60974-1
1~
SINGLE PHASE
TRANSFORMER RECTIFIER
Signifies a single phase
transformer and rectifier
derived from
25
IEC 60974-1
THREE PHASE
TRANSFORMER RECTIFIER
Signifies a three phase
transformer and rectifier
IEC 60974-1,
26
Annex L.4
ISO 7000-
0147
27
GENERATOR
Identifies a generator
IEC 60974-1-
79
DIRECT CURRENT
28
Signifies a direct current
generator with
commutator
IEC 60974-1,
GENERATOR WITH
COMMUTATOR
15.3
SINGLE PHASE
IEC 60974-1,
29
ALTERNATOR
Signifies a single phase
alternator
15.3
derived from
30
THREE PHASE ALTERNATOR
WITH RECTIFIER
Signifies a three phase
alternator with rectifier
IEC 60974-1,
15.3
THREE PHASE MOTOR
31
THREE PHASE ALTERNATOR
RECTIFIER
Signifies a motor-driven
three phase alternator
and rectifier
IEC 60974-1,
15.3

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NO. SYMBOL FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR PHRASE APPLICATION SOURCE(S) a ISO 7000- 0147 32 MOTOR Identifies
NO.
SYMBOL
FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR
PHRASE
APPLICATION
SOURCE(S) a
ISO 7000-
0147
32
MOTOR
Identifies an electric
motor
IEC 60974-1-
81
Signifies a motor
generator
IEC 60974-1,
33
MOTOR GENERATOR
15.3
34
SINGLE PHASE
TRANSFORMER AC AND
RECTIFIED DC POWER
SOURCE
Signifies a single phase
transformer with single
phase AC output and
rectified DC output
IEC 60974-1,
15.3
35
INVERTER
Identifies a frequency
conversion stage
function
IEC 60974-1-
82
SINGLE PHASE STATIC
IEC 60974-1,
36
FREQUENCY CONVERTER
TRANSFORMER RECTIFIER
Signifies a single phase
static frequency
converter, transformer
and rectifier
15.3
THREE PHASE STATIC
Signifies a three phase
static frequency
converter, transformer
and rectifier
IEC 60974-1,
37
FREQUENCY CONVERTER
TRANSFORMER RECTIFIER
15.3
IEC 60417-1-
Identifies a DC/AC
converter and its
associated terminals
and controls
5194
38
DC/AC CONVERTER
IEC 60974-1-
83
IEC 60417-1-
39
DANGEROUS VOLTAGE
Signifies a dangerous
voltage
5036

EW 4-2009

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© 2009, NEMA

NO. SYMBOL FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR PHRASE APPLICATION SOURCE(S) a SUITABLE FOR WELDING IN AN ENVIRONMENT
NO.
SYMBOL
FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR
PHRASE
APPLICATION
SOURCE(S) a
SUITABLE FOR WELDING IN
AN ENVIRONMENT WITH
INCREASED RISK OF
ELECTRIC SHOCK
Identifies a welding
power source suitable
for welding in an
environment with an
increased risk of
electric shock
IEC 60974-1-
40
84
IEC 60417-1-
5172
41
CLASS II EQUIPMENT
Identifies class II
equipment
IEC 60974-1-
85
IEC 60974-1-
42
GAS SUPPLY
Signifies a gas supply
31
derived from
43
GAS TYPE
Signifies the type of
gas, such as Argon,
CO 2
IEC 60974-1-
31
44
MATERIAL TYPE
Signifies the type of
material to be welded
or cut
ANSI/NEMA
45
MATERIAL THICKNESS
Signifies the thickness
of the material to be
welded or cut
ANSI/NEMA
46
DIAMETER mm (in)
Signifies diameter,
such as diameter of
wire or electrode
derived from
IEC 60974-1
IEC 60417-1-
5034
47
INPUT
Signifies input
IEC 60974-1-
39

EW 4-2009

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© 2009, NEMA

NO. SYMBOL FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR PHRASE APPLICATION SOURCE(S) a IEC 60417-1- 5035 48 OUTPUT Signifies
NO.
SYMBOL
FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR
PHRASE
APPLICATION
SOURCE(S) a
IEC 60417-1-
5035
48
OUTPUT
Signifies output
IEC 60974-1-
40
IEC 60974-1,
v
L.5 (derived
49
INPUT POWER OR INPUT
VOLTAGE
Signifies either input
power or input voltage
from IEC
60417-1-
5034)
Signifies water
IEC 60974-1,
50
WATER (COOLANT) INPUT
(coolant) input
L.4
Signifies water
derived from
51
WATER (COOLANT) OUTPUT
(coolant) output
symbol 50
derived from
52
GAS INPUT
Signifies gas input
symbols 42
and 47
derived from
53
GAS OUTPUT
Signifies gas output
symbol 42
and 48
IEC 60417-1-
54
OFF
Signifies an OFF
position of a switch or
control
5008
and IEC
60974-1-3 are
similar
IEC 60417-1-
5007
and IEC
60974-1-2 are
55
ON
Signifies an ON
position of a switch or
control
similar
IEC 609

EW 4-2009

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© 2009, NEMA

NO. SYMBOL FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR PHRASE APPLICATION SOURCE(S) a INCREASE/DECREASE OF derived from 56 QUANTITY
NO.
SYMBOL
FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR
PHRASE
APPLICATION
SOURCE(S) a
INCREASE/DECREASE OF
derived from
56
QUANTITY (ROTATING;
NUMBER OF POSITIONS)
Signifies an increase/
decrease of quantity
with a rotary control in
steps
symbol 57
INCREASE/DECREASE OF
57
QUANTITY (ROTATING; WITH
OFF POSITIONS)
Signifies an increase/
decrease of quantity
IEC 60974-1,
L.4
INCREASE/DECREASE OF
QUANTITY (ROTATING)
Signifies an increase/
decrease of quantity
with a rotary control
continuously variable
derived from
58
symbol 57
INCREASE/DECREASE OF
derived from
59
QUANTITY (LINEAR,
NUMBER OF POSITIONS)
Signifies an increase/
decrease of a quantity
(linear) in coarse steps
usually by a switch
symbol 60
60
INCREASE/DECREASE OF
QUANTITY (LINEAR)
Signifies an increase/
decrease of a quantity
(linear) continuously
variable usually by a
potentiometer
IEC 60974-1-
1
ISO 7000-
DIRECTION OF
0004
61
CONTINUOUS ROTATION
(CLOCKWISE)
Signifies continuous
clockwise rotary
motion; for counter-
clockwise motion
symbol is reversed
IEC 60974-1-
18
is similar
DIRECTION OF
IEC 60974-1-
62
CONTINUOUS ROTATION
(COUNTER-CLOCKWISE)
Signifies continuous
counter-clockwise
rotary motion; for
counter-clockwise
motion symbol is
reversed
19
is similar
63
DO NOT SWITCH WHILE
WELDING
Signifies that switching
while welding is
prohibited
partially
derived from
ISO 7000 -
0459

EW 4-2009

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© 2009, NEMA

NO. SYMBOL FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR PHRASE APPLICATION SOURCE(S) a IEC 60974-1- 64 PANEL/LOCAL Signifies panel/local
NO.
SYMBOL
FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR
PHRASE
APPLICATION
SOURCE(S) a
IEC 60974-1-
64
PANEL/LOCAL
Signifies panel/local
function or switch such
as a switch to change
between a local and
remote control
39
derived from
65
DIRECTIONAL ARROW
Signifies a direction
symbols 61
and 62
ISO 7000-
0093
66
REMOTE
Signifies a remote
control connection or
function
IEC 60974-1-
37
IEC 60417-1-
5268
67
PUSHBUTTON SWITCH (IN)
Signifies the IN position
of a push button control
IEC 60974-1-
4
is similar
IEC 60417-1-
Signifies the OUT
position of a push
button control
5269
68
PUSHBUTTON SWITCH
(OUT)
IEC 60974-1-
5
is similar
69
START OF ACTION
Signifies the start (of
action) function or
control
IEC 60417-1-
5104
70
STOP OF ACTION
Signifies the stop (of
action) function or
control
IEC 60417-1-
5110
Signifies a foot control
device; function,
connection or control
IEC 60974-1-
71
FOOT CONTROL
38

EW 4-2009

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© 2009, NEMA

NO. SYMBOL FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR PHRASE APPLICATION SOURCE(S) a ISO 7000- Signifies the switch position
NO.
SYMBOL
FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR
PHRASE
APPLICATION
SOURCE(S) a
ISO 7000-
Signifies the switch
position for manual
control as opposed to
automatic control
0096
72
MANUAL CONTROL
IEC 60974-1-
11
ISO 7000-
0434A
73a
CAUTION
Signifies that the
operator should be
aware of a general
hazard
IEC 60974-1-
89
ISO 3864-2
73b
CAUTION
Signifies that the
operator should be
aware of a general
hazard
ISO 17846-1
ISO 7000-
0790
74a
READ OPERATOR'S MANUAL
Signifies that the
operator's manual
should be read
IEC 60974-1-
90
ISO 17846,
74b
Signifies that the
operator's manual
should be read
A.3-1
READ OPERATOR'S MANUAL
ANSI/NEMA
ISO 7000-
75
WELDING (GENERAL)
Signifies welding
0459
76
SHIELDED METAL ARC
WELDING (SMAW)
Signifies the SMAW
process, function, or
control
ISO 7000-
0460

EW 4-2009

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© 2009, NEMA

NO. SYMBOL FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR PHRASE APPLICATION SOURCE(S) a IEC 60974-1- 77 MMA WELDING Identifies
NO.
SYMBOL
FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR
PHRASE
APPLICATION
SOURCE(S) a
IEC 60974-1-
77
MMA WELDING
Identifies MMA welding
58
ISO 7000-
0461
78a
GAS METAL ARC WELDING
(GMAW)
Signifies the GMAW
process, function, or
control
symbol in IEC
60974-1, L.4
is similar
GAS METAL ARC WELDING
(GMAW)
Signifies the GMAW
process, function, or
control
IEC 60974-1-
78b
60
79a
FLUX CORED ARC WELDING
(FCAW)
Signifies the FCAW
(without gas shielding)
process, function, or
control
derived from
ISO 7000-
0459 and IEC
60974-1-61
79b
FLUX CORED ARC WELDING
(FCAW)
Signifies the FCAW
(without gas shielding)
process, function, or
control
IEC 60974-1-
61
80a
SUBMERGED ARC WELDING
(SAW)
Signifies the SAW
process, function, or
control
ISO 7000-
0467

EW 4-2009

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© 2009, NEMA

NO. SYMBOL FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR PHRASE APPLICATION SOURCE(S) a 80b SUBMERGED ARC WELDING (SAW) Signifies
NO.
SYMBOL
FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR
PHRASE
APPLICATION
SOURCE(S) a
80b
SUBMERGED ARC WELDING
(SAW)
Signifies the SAW
process, function, or
control
IEC 60974-1-
66
GAS TUNGSTEN ARC
WELDING (GTAW) /
TUNGSTEN INERT GAS (TIG)
WELDING
Signifies the GTAW/TIG
process, function, or
control
ISO 7000-
81a
0462
IEC 60974-1-
81b
GAS TUNGSTEN ARC
WELDING (GTAW) /
TUNGSTEN INERT GAS (TIG)
Signifies the GTAW/TIG
process, function, or
control
62
82
AIR CARBON ARC GOUGING
Signifies air carbon arc
gouging
IEC 60974-1-
59
83
PLASMA ARC CUTTING
(PAC)
Signifies the PAC
process, function, or
control
ISO 7000-
0479
84
PLASMA ARC WELDING
(PAW)
Signifies the PAW
process, function, or
control
ISO 7000-
0478
85
PLASMA ARC GOUGING
(PAG)
Signifies the PAG
process, function, or
control
IEC 60974-1-
65

EW 4-2009

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© 2009, NEMA

NO. SYMBOL FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR PHRASE APPLICATION SOURCE(S) a ISO 7000- 86 SPRAY TRANSFER Signifies
NO.
SYMBOL
FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR
PHRASE
APPLICATION
SOURCE(S) a
ISO 7000-
86
SPRAY TRANSFER
Signifies spray transfer
0472
87
SHORT CIRCUITING
TRANSFER
Signifies short
ISO 7000-
circuiting transfer
0471
ISO 7000-
88
PULSE TRANSFER
Signifies pulse transfer
0473
ISO 7000-
89
ARC SPOT WELDING
Signifies arc spot
welding
0468
ISO 7000-
90a
CONTINUOUS WELDING
Signifies a continuous
welding process,
function, or control
0831
90b
CONTINUOUS WELDING
Signifies a continuous
welding process,
function, or control
IEC 60974-1-
8
INTERMITTENT (STITCH)
WELDING
Signifies an intermittent
(stitch) welding
process, function, or
control
ISO 7000-
91a
0832
91b
INTERMITTENT (STITCH)
WELDING
Signifies an intermittent
(stitch) welding
process, function, or
control
IEC 60974-1-
9

EW 4-2009

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© 2009, NEMA

NO. SYMBOL FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR PHRASE APPLICATION SOURCE(S) a 92a GTAW SPOT WELDING Signifies GTAW
NO.
SYMBOL
FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR
PHRASE
APPLICATION
SOURCE(S) a
92a
GTAW SPOT WELDING
Signifies GTAW spot
welding
ISO 7000-
0470
92b
GTAW SPOT WELDING
Signifies GTAW spot
welding
derived from
ISO 7000 and
IEC 60974-1
93
GMAW SPOT WELDING
Signifies GMAW spot
welding
ISO 7000-
0469
ISO 7000-
94
Signifies a constant
current (drooping)
characteristic
0454
CONSTANT CURRENT
IEC 60974-1-
68
ISO 7000-
0455
95
CONSTANT VOLTAGE OR
CONSTANT POTENTIAL
Signifies a constant
voltage characteristic
(substantially level load
voltage characteristic)
IEC 60974-1-
67
96
ELECTRODE CONNECTION
Signifies an electrode
connection
ANSI/NEMA
ISO 7000-
97
WORK CONNECTION
Signifies workpiece
connection
0453
ISO 7000-
PLASMA TORCH
0483
98
CONNECTION AND NOZZLE
(POSITIVE SUPPLY)
Signifies a plasma
torch connection and
nozzle (positive supply)
IEC 60974-1-
27

EW 4-2009

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© 2009, NEMA

NO. SYMBOL FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR PHRASE APPLICATION SOURCE(S) a ISO 7000- PLASMA TORCH 99 CONNECTION
NO.
SYMBOL
FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR
PHRASE
APPLICATION
SOURCE(S) a
ISO 7000-
PLASMA TORCH
99
CONNECTION TO NEGATIVE
ELECTRODE
Signifies a plasma
torch connection to
negative electrode
(negative supply)
0482
IEC 60974-1-
28
derived from
100
ELECTRODE POSITIVE
Signifies electrode
positive connection or
switch position
ISO 7000-
0459
Signifies electrode
negative connection or
switch position
derived from
101
ELECTRODE NEGATIVE
ISO 7000-
0459
ISO 7000-
SHIELDED METAL ARC
0463
102
(SMAW) ELECTRODE
HOLDER
Signifies a SMAW
electrode holder
IEC 60974-1-
49
GAS METAL ARC WELDING
(GMAW) GUN
ISO 7000-
103a
Signifies a GMAW gun
(torch) with or without
gas shielding
0464
GAS METAL ARC WELDING
(GMAW) GUN
Signifies a GMAW gun
(torch) with or without
gas shielding
IEC 60974-1-
103b
51
SELF-SHIELDED FLUX
104
CORED ARC WELDING
TORCH
Identifies a self
shielded flux cored arc
welding torch without
gas shielding
IEC 60974-1-
52
105
FLUX CORED ARC WELDING
(FCAW) GUN
Signifies a FCAW gun
(torch) with or without
gas shielding
derived from
IEC 60974-1-
52

EW 4-2009

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© 2009, NEMA

NO. SYMBOL FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR PHRASE APPLICATION SOURCE(S) a 106 Signifies a spool gun, which
NO.
SYMBOL
FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR
PHRASE
APPLICATION
SOURCE(S) a
106
Signifies a spool gun,
which consists of a
welding gun and small
spool of electrode
IEC 60974-1-
WIRE FEED SPOOL GUN
56
ISO 7000-
107a
GAS TUNGSTEN ARC
WELDING (GTAW) TORCH
Signifies a GTAW torch
0465
IEC 60974-1-
107b
GAS TUNGSTEN ARC
WELDING (GTAW) TORCH
Signifies a GTAW torch
53
AIR CARBON ARC GOUGING
ELECTRODE HOLDER
Signifies an air carbon
arc gouging electrode
holder
IEC 60974-1-
108
50
ISO 7000-
0477
109
PLASMA TORCH
Signifies a plasma
torch
IEC 60974-1-
54
Identifies a gun
incorporating a wire
drive system
IEC 60974-1-
110
MOTORIZED GUN
55
111
MOTORIZED GUN WITH
FILLER WIRE SUPPLY
Identifies a gun
incorporating a wire
drive system and
including a filler wire
supply
IEC 60974-1-
56
112
SUBMERGED ARC TORCH
Identifies a torch for
submerged arc welding
IEC 60974-1-
57

EW 4-2009

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© 2009, NEMA

NO. SYMBOL FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR PHRASE APPLICATION SOURCE(S) a 113 GMAW GUN SWITCH/ CONTROL Signifies
NO.
SYMBOL
FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR
PHRASE
APPLICATION
SOURCE(S) a
113
GMAW GUN SWITCH/
CONTROL
Signifies a GMAW gun
switch/control used to
change welding
parameters
ANSI/NEMA
114
GTAW TORCH SWITCH/
CONTROL
Signifies a GTAW torch
switch/control used to
change welding
parameters
ANSI/NEMA
115
FCAW GUN WITH SWITCH
Signifies a FCAW gun
with switch
ANSI/NEMA
116
GMAW GUN WITH SWITCH
Signifies a GMAW gun
with switch
ANSI/NEMA
117
GTAW TORCH WITH SWITCH
Signifies a GTAW torch
with switch
ANSI/NEMA
ISO 7000-
0089
118
VENTILATING AND AIR
CIRCULATING FAN
Signifies a ventilating
fan or air circulating fan
IEC 60974-1-
42
119
LIQUID
Signifies a liquid, e.g.,
coolant
IEC 60974-1-
30
ISO 7000-
0027
120
COOLING
Signifies cooling of
components or system
IEC 60974-1-
41

EW 4-2009

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© 2009, NEMA

NO. SYMBOL FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR PHRASE APPLICATION SOURCE(S) a 121 COOLING WITH LIQUID Signifies cooling
NO.
SYMBOL
FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR
PHRASE
APPLICATION
SOURCE(S) a
121
COOLING WITH LIQUID
Signifies cooling with
liquid
ISO 7000-
0544
Signifies a cooling
pump
ISO 7000-
122
COOLING PUMP
0355
IEC 60974-1-
123
TEMPERATURE INDICATION
Identifies the
temperature indication;
for example, an excess
temperature warning
light
91
Signifies a disturbance
in
the proper run of a
ISO 7000-
124
DISTURBANCE
procedure; for example,
0228
a
light indication of a
circuit overload
ISO 7000-
125
AUTOMATIC CYCLE
Signifies an automatic
sequence of machine
functions repeated
continuously without
manual intervention
0026
126
ONE CYCLE
Signifies one cycle; for
example, on a control
of a machine tool
ISO 7000-
0426
ISO 7000-
127
PROGRAM
Signifies a program
function or control,
such a found on a
microprocessor control
circuit
0982
128
SAVE TO MEMORY
Signifies a saving to
memory function or
control
ANSI/NEMA

EW 4-2009

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© 2009, NEMA

NO. SYMBOL FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR PHRASE APPLICATION SOURCE(S) a 129 RECALL FROM MEMORY Signifies a
NO.
SYMBOL
FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR
PHRASE
APPLICATION
SOURCE(S) a
129
RECALL FROM MEMORY
Signifies a recall from
memory function or
control
ANSI/NEMA
derived from
ISO 7000-
2168
130
DIGITAL DISPLAY
Signifies a digital
display function or
control
symbol shown
in IEC 60974-
1, L.5 is
similar
131
CLOCK, TIME SWITCH
Signifies a clock, time
switch or time
IEC 60417-1-
5184
132
PERCENT
Signifies percent
ANSI/NEMA
133
PROCESS CYCLE
Signifies one complete
process cycle
ANSI/NEMA
134
PERCENT ON TIME
Signifies percent on
time (duty cycle)
function or control
ANSI/NEMA
PULSE
Signifies a pulse
function or control
IEC 60974-1-
135
70

EW 4-2009

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© 2009, NEMA

NO. SYMBOL FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR PHRASE APPLICATION SOURCE(S) a IEC 60974-1- 136 PULSE BACKGROUND Indicates
NO.
SYMBOL
FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR
PHRASE
APPLICATION
SOURCE(S) a
IEC 60974-1-
136
PULSE BACKGROUND
Indicates a control of
pulse background
44
137
PULSE PEAK
Indicates a control of
pulse peak
IEC 60974-1-
45
138
SOFT START
Signifies a soft start of
welding current
ANSI/NEMA
IEC 60974-1-
139a
HOT START
Signifies a hot start of
welding voltage
46
139b
HOT START
Signifies a hot start of
welding voltage
ANSI/NEMA
Indicates a control or
function regulating the
increase of a value
IEC 60974-1-
140
SLOPE (INCREASING)
47
IEC 60974-1-
141
SLOPE (DECREASING)
Indicates a control or
function regulating the
increase of a value
48
IEC 60974-1-
142
ARC FORCE
Signifies the arc force
function or control
69

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© 2009, NEMA

NO. SYMBOL FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR PHRASE APPLICATION SOURCE(S) a 143 HIGH FREQUENCY (GENERAL) Signifies a
NO.
SYMBOL
FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR
PHRASE
APPLICATION
SOURCE(S) a
143
HIGH FREQUENCY
(GENERAL)
Signifies a high
frequency connection
or function
ANSI/NEMA
144
HIGH FREQUENCY ON –
CONTINUOUS
Signifies the high
frequency is on
continuously during the
weld cycle
ANSI/NEMA
145a
HIGH FREQUENCY ON –
START ONLY
Signifies the high
frequency is on at start
only
ISO 7000-
0476
145b
HIGH FREQUENCY ON -
START ONLY
Signifies the high
frequency is on at start
only
ANSI/NEMA
146
TWO-STEP TRIGGER
OPERATION (GTAW)
Signifies a two-step
trigger operation of a
GTAW torch; press to
start, release to go into
crater fill and stop
ANSI/NEMA
147
FOUR-STEP TRIGGER
OPERATION (GTAW)
Signifies a four-step
trigger operation of a
GTAW torch; press to
start, release after arc
ignition, weld, press to
go into crater fill,
release to stop
ANSI/NEMA
148
TWO-STEP TRIGGER
OPERATION (GMAW)
Signifies a two-step
trigger operation of a
semi-automatic gun;
press to initiate wire
feed and welding,
release to stop
ANSI/NEMA

EW 4-2009

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© 2009, NEMA

NO. SYMBOL FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR PHRASE APPLICATION SOURCE(S) a 149 FOUR-STEP TRIGGER OPERATION (GMAW) Signifies
NO.
SYMBOL
FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR
PHRASE
APPLICATION
SOURCE(S) a
149
FOUR-STEP TRIGGER
OPERATION (GMAW)
Signifies a four-step
trigger operation of a
semi-automatic gun;
press to start, release
after arc ignition, weld,
then press and release
to stop
ANSI/NEMA
150a
IMPULSE START (GTAW)
Signifies ignition of
GTAW by an impulse
other than HF
ANSI/NEMA
IEC 60974-1-
150b
IMPULSE START (GTAW)
Signifies ignition of
GTAW by an impulse
other than HF
12
151a
TOUCH START (GTAW)
Signifies ignition of
GTAW by touching the
workpiece and lifting
ANSI/NEMA
IEC 60974-1-
151b
TOUCH START (GTAW)
Signifies ignition of
GTAW by touching the
workpiece and lifting
13
152
WAVE BALANCE
Signifies an AC wave
balance function or
control
ANSI/NEMA
153
MAXIMUM CLEANING
Signifies the maximum
cleaning (minimum
penetration) of a GTAW
process, function, or
control
ANSI/NEMA
154
MAXIMUM PENETRATION
Signifies the maximum
penetration (minimum
cleaning) of a GTAW
process, function, or
control
ANSI/NEMA

EW 4-2009

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© 2009, NEMA

NO. SYMBOL FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR PHRASE APPLICATION SOURCE(S) a 155 PURGE BY GAS Signifies purging
NO.
SYMBOL
FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR
PHRASE
APPLICATION
SOURCE(S) a
155
PURGE BY GAS
Signifies purging of air
(by gas)
ISO 7000-
0474
ANSI/NEMA,
derived from
156
GAS POSTFLOW
Signifies gas postflow
time
ISO 7000-
0474
ANSI/NEMA,
derived from
157
GAS PREFLOW
Signifies gas preflow
time
ISO 7000-
0474
IEC 60974-1-
158
LOW INDUCTANCE
Signifies low
inductance: connection,
function or control
74
159
MEDIUM INDUCTANCE
Signifies medium
inductance: connection,
function or control
IEC 60974-1-
73
160
HIGH INDUCTANCE OR
INDUCTANCE
Signifies inductance, or
when used with other
inductance symbols,
high inductance
IEC 60974-1-
72
161
VARIABLE INDUCTANCE
Signifies a variable
inductance function or
control
IEC 60974-1-
71
ISO 7000-
162
PLASMA GAS
Signifies plasma gas
0480

EW 4-2009

– 36 –

© 2009, NEMA

NO. SYMBOL FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR PHRASE APPLICATION SOURCE(S) a Signifies plasma ISO 7000- 163 PLASMA
NO.
SYMBOL
FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR
PHRASE
APPLICATION
SOURCE(S) a
Signifies plasma
ISO 7000-
163
PLASMA SHIELDING GAS
shielding gas
0481
164
PILOT/PULSE STARTING
Signifies pilot or pulse
starting of a plasma
torch
ANSI/NEMA
Identifies a TIG arc
striking function which
initiates an arc with
contact
IEC 60974-1-
165
PILOT ARC STARTING
14
166
WIRE FEED
Signifies a wire feed
unit or wire feed
function
derived from
ISO 7000-
0823 and IEC
60974-1-16
167
WIRE FEED FORWARD
Signifies the feeding of
wire forward towards
the workpiece
ANSI/NEMA
168
WIRE FEED REVERSE
Signifies the feeding of
wire away from the
workpiece
ANSI/NEMA
ISO 7000-
169
WIRE FEED INTERMITTENT
(STITCH)/INTERRUPTED
Signifies
intermittent/interrupted
wire feed, such as
stitching
0825
170
COLD JOG (INCH) TOWARD
WORKPIECE
Signifies the feeding of
wire toward the
workpiece with output
voltage off
ANSI/NEMA

EW 4-2009

– 37 –

© 2009, NEMA

NO. SYMBOL FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR PHRASE APPLICATION SOURCE(S) a 171 COLD JOG (INCH) AWAY FROM
NO.
SYMBOL
FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR
PHRASE
APPLICATION
SOURCE(S) a
171
COLD JOG (INCH) AWAY
FROM WORKPIECE
Signifies the feeding of
wire away from the
workpiece with output
voltage off
ANSI/NEMA
172
WIRE FEED SLOW RUN-IN
Signifies the slow run
or feed of wire toward
the workpiece before
welding
ANSI/NEMA
173
WIRE DIAMETER
ANSI/NEMA
Ø MM (IN)
Signifies the wire
diameter of welding
electrode: function or
control
174
WIRE TYPE
Signifies the type of
welding electrode, such
as steel or aluminum
ANSI/NEMA
175
MELTBACK (BURNBACK)
Signifies meltback
(burnback) time at the
end of a weld
ANSI/NEMA
Identifies burnback
control at the end of the
weld
IEC 60974-1-
176
WIRE BURNBACK CONTROL
17
177
ARC IGNITION BY CONTACT
Signifies arc ignition by
contact
ISO 7000-
0475
IEC 60974-1-
178
AIR FLOW
Identifies air flow
29

EW 4-2009

– 38 –

© 2009, NEMA

NO. SYMBOL FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR PHRASE APPLICATION SOURCE(S) a 179a AIR PRESSURE Signifies air pressure
NO.
SYMBOL
FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR
PHRASE
APPLICATION
SOURCE(S) a
179a
AIR PRESSURE
Signifies air pressure
function or control
ANSI/NEMA
Signifies air pressure
function or control
IEC 60974-1-
179b
AIR PRESSURE
34
180a
HOPPER
Signifies a flux
(powder) hopper
ISO 7000-
0466
180b
HOPPER
Signifies a flux
(powder) hopper
IEC 60974-1-
40
ISO 7000-
181
ARC WELDING EQUIPMENT
CARRIAGE
Signifies a welding
carriage
0451
182
TIGHTEN OR CLAMP
Signifies the function of
tightening or clamping
two machine elements
together
ISO 7000-
0018
Signifies the function of
releasing two machine
elements tightened or
clamped together
ISO 7000-
183
UNTIGHTEN OR UNCLAMP
0019
ISO 7000-
184
BLOWING
Signifies the production
of a current of air flow
directed at an object
0032

EW 4-2009

– 39 –

© 2009, NEMA

NO. SYMBOL FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR PHRASE APPLICATION SOURCE(S) a SUCTION Signifies the generation of air
NO.
SYMBOL
FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR
PHRASE
APPLICATION
SOURCE(S) a
SUCTION
Signifies the generation
of air flow by use of
suction
ISO 7000-
185
0033
186
TORCH
Signifies a welding or
cutting torch
ANSI/NEMA
ISO 7000-
187
OSCILLATION
Signifies oscillation
such as the oscillation
of a welding torch
0003
ISO 7000-
188
ENGINE OIL
Signifies the engine oil
indicator on the
instrument panel or oil
filling area
0248
189
PULL TO STOP ENGINE
Signifies the pull device
used to stop the engine
ANSI/NEMA
Signifies the operating
device of the choke
(cold starting aid) on
the instrument panel
ISO 7000-
190
ENGINE CHOKE
0243
ISO 7000-
0245
191
FUEL
Signifies fuel
SAE-0245
192
ENGINE COOLANT
Signifies the engine
coolant radiator or
reservoir
ANSI/NEMA

EW 4-2009

– 40 –

© 2009, NEMA

NO. SYMBOL FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR PHRASE APPLICATION SOURCE(S) a ENGINE COOLANT TEMPERATURE Signifies the engine
NO.
SYMBOL
FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR
PHRASE
APPLICATION
SOURCE(S) a
ENGINE COOLANT
TEMPERATURE
Signifies the engine
coolant temperature
indicator on the
instrument panel
ISO 7000-
193
0246
ISO 7000-
194
BATTERY (ENGINE)
Signifies the battery
charging condition on
the instrument panel
0247
195a
AIR FILTER
Signifies an air filter
ANSI/NEMA
IEC 60974-1-
195b
AIR FILTER
Signifies an air filter
43
ISO 7000-
1156
196a
ENGINE
Signifies a gasoline or
diesel engine
SAE-1156
ISO 7000-
0796
196b
ENGINE
Signifies a gasoline or
diesel engine
IEC 60974-1-
80
196c
ENGINE
Signifies a gasoline or
diesel engine
ISO 7000-
0640
197
ENGINE RPM
Signifies engine RPM
SAE-2303

EW 4-2009

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© 2009, NEMA

NO. SYMBOL FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR PHRASE APPLICATION SOURCE(S) a 198a ENGINE STOP Signifies the stop
NO.
SYMBOL
FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR
PHRASE
APPLICATION
SOURCE(S) a
198a
ENGINE STOP
Signifies the stop
engine function or
control
ANSI/NEMA
ISO 7000-
198b
ENGINE STOP
Signifies the stop
engine function or
control
1388
199
GLOW PLUG
Signifies a glow plug
function or indicator on
a diesel engine
SAE-1704
ISO 7000-
1387
200
ENGINE START
Signifies the start
function or control of an
engine welder
SAE-1387
201
ELECTRIC MOTOR
Signifies an electric
motor
ANSI/NEMA
202
HOUR METER
Signifies an hour meter
function or indicator
SAE-1366
composite of
203
Signifies the elapsed
engine hours
SAE-1156
ELAPSED ENGINE HOURS
and SAE-
1366
204
FUEL SHUTOFF
Signifies the fuel
shutoff to an engine
SAE-1395

EW 4-2009

– 42 –

© 2009, NEMA

NO. SYMBOL FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR PHRASE APPLICATION SOURCE(S) a 205 SLOW Signifies slow action or
NO.
SYMBOL
FUNCTION, KEYWORD OR
PHRASE
APPLICATION
SOURCE(S) a
205
SLOW
Signifies slow action or
operation
SAE (symbol
is published
in ISO 3767-1
without a
registration
number)
206
FAST
Signifies fast action or
operation
SAE (symbol
is published
in ISO 3767-1
without a
registration
number)
IEC 60417-1-
207
UNLOCKED
Signifies an unlocked
function or control
5570
SAE
IEC 60417-1-
208
LOCKED
Signifies a locked
function or control
5569
SAE
a Explanation of source acronyms:
ANSI
IEC
ISO
NEMA
SAE
American National Standards Institute
International Electrotechnical Commission
International Organization for Standardization
National Electrical Manufacturers Association
Society of Automotive Engineers
There can be up to three numbers following the acronym of a source, e.g., IEC 60417-1-5110. The first number
represents the number of the standard, the second number represents the part of the standard, and the third number
represents the symbol number listed in a table of symbols or the clause/annex of the standard in which the symbol
appears. If a standard does not have more than one part, e.g., ISO 7000, there will be no second number. Similarly, if
a source has no numerical designation, e.g., SAE Handbook, there will be no first number ― and, for that matter, no
second number as well.

EW 4-2009

– 43 –

© 2009, NEMA

Table 2 Alphabetical list of function, keyword, or phrase

Table 1

Symbol No.

82

108

195a,b

178

179a,b

10

11

1

142

177

89

181

125

18

194

184

AIR CARBON ARC GOUGING AIR CARBON ARC GOUGING ELECTRODE HOLDER AIR FILTER AIR FLOW AIR PRESSURE ALTERNATING CURRENT (AC) ALTERNATING CURRENT (AC) AND DIRECT CURRENT (DC) AMPERAGE ARC FORCE ARC IGNITION BY CONTACT ARC SPOT WELDING ARC WELDING EQUIPMENT CARRIAGE AUTOMATIC CYCLE AUXILIARY POWER BATTERY (ENGINE) BLOWING CAUTION CIRCUIT BREAKER CLASS II EQUIPMENT CLOCK, TIME SWITCH COLD JOG (INCH) AWAY FROM WORKPIECE COLD JOG (INCH) TOWARD WORKPIECE CONSTANT CURRENT CONSTANT VOLTAGE OR CONSTANT POTENTIAL CONTINUOUS WELDING COOLING COOLING PUMP COOLING WITH L\QUID DANGEROUS VOLTAGE DC/AC CONVERTER DIAMETER mm (in) DIGITAL DISPLAY DIRECT CURRENT (DC) DIRECT CURRENT GENERATOR WITH COMMUTATOR DIRECTION OF CONTINUOUS ROTATION (CLOCKWISE) DIRECTION OF CONTINUOUS ROTATION (COUNTER-CLOCKWISE) DIRECTIONAL ARROW DISTURBANCE DO NOT SWITCH WHILE WELDING EARTH (GROUND) ELAPSED ENGINE HOURS ELECTRIC MOTOR ELECTRODE CONNECTION

ELAPSED ENGINE HOURS ELECTRIC MOTOR ELECTRODE CONNECTION 73a,b 19 41 131 171 170 94 95 90a,b
73a,b 19 41 131 171 170 94
73a,b
19
41
131
171
170
94

95

90a,b

120

122

121

39

38

46

130

9

28

61

62

65

124

63

12

203

201

96

EW 4-2009

– 44 –

© 2009, NEMA

Table 1

Symbol No.

101

100

196a,b,c

190

192

193

188

197

200

198a,b

206

115

79a,b

105

71

147

14

ELECTRODE NEGATIVE ELECTRODE POSITIVE ENGINE ENGINE CHOKE ENGINE COOLANT ENGINE COOLANT TEMPERATURE ENGINE OIL ENGINE RPM ENGINE START ENGINE STOP FAST FCAW GUN WITH SWITCH FLUX CORED ARC WELDING (FCAW) FLUX CORED ARC WELDING (FCAW) GUN FOOT CONTROL FOUR-STEP TRIGGER OPERATION (GTAW) FRAME OR CHASSIS FREQUENCY FUEL FUEL SHUTOFF FUSE GAS INPUT GAS METAL ARC WELDING (GMAW) GAS METAL ARC WELDING (GMAW) GUN GAS OUTPUT GAS POSTFLOW GAS POSTFLOW GAS SUPPLY GAS TUNGSTEN ARC WELDING (GTAW) TORCH GAS TUNGSTEN ARC WELDING (GTAW)/TUNGSTEN INERT GAS (TIG) WELDING GAS TYPE GENERATOR GLOW PLUG GMAW GUN SWITCH/CONTROL GMAW GUN WITH SWITCH GMAW SPOT WELDING GTAW SPOT WELDING GTAW TORCH SWITCH/CONTROL GTAW TORCH WITH SWITCH HERTZ HIGH FREQUENCY (GENERAL) HIGH FREQUENCY ON – CONTINUOUS HIGH FREQUENCY ON – START ONLY HIGH INDUCTANCE OR INDUCTANCE

FREQUENCY ON – START ONLY HIGH INDUCTANCE OR INDUCTANCE 4 191 204 15 52 78a,b 103a,b
4 191 204 15 52 78a,b 103a,b 53
4
191
204
15
52
78a,b
103a,b
53

156

157

42

107a,b

81a,b

43

27

199

113

116

93

92a,b

114

117

3

143

144

145a,b

160

EW 4-2009

– 45 –

© 2009, NEMA

Table 1

Symbol No.

180a,b

139a,b

202

150a,b

60

59

58

56

57

47

16

91a,b

35

17

119

208

158

HOPPER HOT START HOUR METER IMPULSE START (GTAW) INCREASE/DECREASE OF QUANTITY (LINEAR) INCREASE/DECREASE OF QUANTITY (LINEAR; NUMBER OF POSITIONS) INCREASE/DECREASE OF QUANTITY (ROTATING) INCREASE/DECREASE OF QUANTITY (ROTATING; NUMBER OF POSITIONS) INCREASE/DECREASE OF QUANTITY (ROTATING; WITH OFF POSITION) INPUT INPUT PLUG AND CORD INTERMITTENT (STITCH) WELDING INVERTER LINE CONNECTION LIQUID LOCKED LOW INDUCTANCE MANUAL CONTROL MATERIAL THICKNESS MATERIAL TYPE MAXIMUM CLEANING MAXIMUM PENETRATION MEDIUM INDUCTANCE MELTBACK (BURNBACK) MMA WELDING MOTOR MOTOR GENERATOR MOTORIZED GUN MOTORIZED GUN WITH FILLER WIRE SUPPLY NEGATIVE OFF ON ONE CYCLE OSCILLATION OUTPUT PANEL/LOCAL PERCENT PERCENT ON TIME PILOT ARC STARTING PILOT/PULSE STARTING PLASMA ARC CUTTING (PAC) PLASMA ARC GOUGING (PAG) PLASMA ARC WELDING (PAW) PLASMA GAS PLASMA SHIELDING GAS

PLASMA ARC WELD ING (PAW) PLASMA GAS PLASMA SHIELDING GAS 72 45 44 153 154 159
72 45 44 153 154 159 175 77
72
45
44
153
154
159
175
77

32

33

110

111

7

54

55

126

187

48

64

132

134

165

164

83

85

84

162

163

EW 4-2009

– 46 –

© 2009, NEMA

Table 1

Symbol No.

109

98

99

8

133

127

13

189

135

136

137

88

155

67

68

74a,b

129

PLASMA TORCH PLASMA TORCH CONNECTION AND NOZZLE (POSITIVE SUPPLY) PLASMA TORCH CONNECTION TO NEGATIVE ELECTRODE POSITIVE PROCESS CYCLE PROGRAM PROTECTIVE EARTH (GROUND) PULL TO STOP ENGINE PULSE PULSE BACKGROUND PULSE PEAK PULSE TRANSFER PURGE BY GAS PUSHBUTTON SWITCH (IN) PUSHBUTTON SWITCH (OUT) READ OPERATOR'S MANUAL RECALL FROM MEMORY RECEPTACLE RATING – AUXILIARY POWER REMOTE SAVE TO MEMORY SECONDS SELF SHIELDED FLUX CORED ARC WELDING TORCH SHIELDED METAL ARC (SMAW) ELECTRODE HOLDER SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING (SMAW) SHORT CIRCUITING TRANSFER SINGLE PHASE SINGLE PHASE ALTERNATOR SINGLE PHASE STATIC FREQUENCY CONVERTER TRANSFORMER RECTIFIER SINGLE PHASE TRANSFORMER SINGLE PHASE TRANSFORMER AC AND RECTIFIED DC POWER SOURCE SINGLE PHASE TRANSFORMER RECTIFIER SLOPE (DECREASING) SLOPE (INCREASING) SLOW SOFT START SPRAY TRANSFER START OF ACTION STOP OF ACTION SUBMERGED ARC TORCH SUBMERGED ARC WELDING (SAW) SUCTION SUITABLE FOR WELDING IN AN ENVIRONMENT WITH INCREASED RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK TEMPERATURE INDICATION

INCREASED RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK TEMPERATURE INDICATION 20 66 128 5 104 102 76 87 21
20 66 128 5 104 102 76 87
20
66
128
5
104
102
76
87

21

29

36

24

34

25

141

140

205

138

86

69

70

112

80a,b

185

40

123

EW 4-2009

– 47 –

© 2009, NEMA

Table 1

Symbol No.

22

30

31

37

26

182

6

186

151a,b

23

148

146

207

183

161

118

THREE PHASE THREE PHASE ALTERNATOR WITH RECTIFIER THREE PHASE MOTOR THREE PHASE ALTERNATOR RECTIFIER THREE PHASE STATIC FREQUENCY CONVERTER TRANSFORMER RECTIFIER THREE PHASE TRANSFORMER RECTIFIER TIGHTEN OR CLAMP TIME TORCH TOUCH START (GTAW) TRANSFORMER TWO-STEP TRIGGER OPERATION (GMAW) TWO-STEP TRIGGER OPERATION (GTAW) UNLOCKED UNTIGHTEN OR UNCLAMP VARIABLE INDUCTANCE VENTILATION AND AIR CIRCULATING FAN VOLTAGE VOLTAGE INPUT WATER (COOLANT) INPUT WATER (COOLANT) OUTPUT WAVE BALANCE WELDING (GENERAL) WIRE BURNBACK CONTROL WIRE DIAMETER WIRE FEED WIRE FEED FORWARD WIRE FEED INTERMITTENT (STITCH)/INTERRUPTED WIRE FEED REVERSE WIRE FEED SLOW RUN-IN WIRE FEED SPOOL GUN WIRE TYPE WORK CONNECTION

SLOW RUN-IN WIRE FEED SPOOL GUN WIRE TYPE WORK CONNECTION 2 49 50 51 152 75
2 49 50 51 152 75 176 173
2
49
50
51
152
75
176
173

166

167

169

168

172

106

174

97

EW 4-2009

– 48 –

© 2009, NEMA

Table 3 Numerical list of function, keyword, or phrase

Table 1

Symbol No.

1 AMPERAGE

2 VOLTAGE

3 HERTZ

4 FREQUENCY

5 SECONDS

6 TIME

7 NEGATIVE

8 POSITIVE

9 DIRECT

CURRENT (DC)

ALTERNATING 10

CURRENT (AC)

ALTERNATING 11

CURRENT (AC) AND DIRECT CURRENT (DC)

EARTH 12

(GROUND)

PROTECTIVE 13

EARTH (GROUND)

FRAME 14

OR CHASSIS

FUSE 15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

INPUT PLUG AND CORD LINE CONNECTION AUXILIARY POWER CIRCUIT BREAKER RECEPTACLE RATING – AUXILIARY POWER
INPUT
PLUG AND CORD
LINE
CONNECTION
AUXILIARY
POWER
CIRCUIT
BREAKER
RECEPTACLE
RATING – AUXILIARY POWER
SINGLE
PHASE
THREE
PHASE
TRANSFORMER

SINGLE 24

PHASE TRANSFORMER

SINGLE 25

PHASE TRANSFORMER RECTIFIER

THREE 26

PHASE TRANSFORMER RECTIFIER

GENERATOR 27

DIRECT 28

CURRENT GENERATOR WITH COMMUTATOR

SINGLE 29

PHASE ALTERNATOR

THREE 30

PHASE ALTERNATOR WITH RECTIFIER

THREE 31

PHASE MOTOR THREE PHASE ALTERNATOR RECTIFIER

MOTOR 32

MOTOR 33

GENERATOR

SINGLE 34

PHASE TRANSFORMER AC AND RECTIFIED DC POWER SOURCE

INVERTER 35

SINGLE 36

PHASE STATIC FREQUENCY CONVERTER TRANSFORMER RECTIFIER

THREE 37

PHASE STATIC FREQUENCY CONVERTER TRANSFORMER RECTIFIER

DC/AC 38

CONVERTER

DANGEROUS 39

VOLTAGE

40

SUITABLE FOR WELDING IN AN ENVIRONMENT WITH INCREASED RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK

CLASS 41

II EQUIPMENT

GAS 42

SUPPLY

EW 4-2009

– 49 –

© 2009, NEMA

Table 1

Symbol No.

GAS 43

TYPE

MATERIAL 44

TYPE

MATERIAL 45

THICKNESS

DIAMETER 46

mm (in)

INPUT 47

OUTPUT 48

VOLTAGE 49

INPUT

WATER 50

(COOLANT) INPUT

WATER 51

(COOLANT) OUTPUT

GAS 52

INPUT

GAS 53

OUTPUT

OFF 54

ON 55

INCREASE/DECREASE 56

OF QUANTITY (ROTATING; NUMBER OF POSITIONS) OF QUANTITY (ROTATING; WITH OFF POSITION) OF QUANTITY (ROTATING) OF QUANTITY (LINEAR; NUMBER OF POSITIONS) OF QUANTITY (LINEAR)

INCREASE/DECREASE 57

INCREASE/DECREASE 58

INCREASE/DECREASE 59

60

61

62

63

64

65

66

67

INCREASE/DECREASE DIRECTION OF CONTINUOUS ROTATION (CLOCKWISE) DIRECTION OF CONTINUOUS ROTATION (COUNTER-CLOCKWISE)
INCREASE/DECREASE
DIRECTION
OF CONTINUOUS ROTATION (CLOCKWISE)
DIRECTION
OF CONTINUOUS ROTATION (COUNTER-CLOCKWISE)
DO
NOT SWITCH WHILE WELDING
PANEL/LOCAL
DIRECTIONAL
ARROW
REMOTE
PUSHBUTTON
SWITCH (IN)

PUSHBUTTON 68

SWITCH (OUT)

START 69

OF ACTION

STOP 70

OF ACTION

FOOT 71

CONTROL

MANUAL 72

CONTROL

73a,b

CAUTION

74a,b

READ

OPERATOR'S MANUAL

WELDING 75

(GENERAL)

SHIELDED 76

METAL ARC WELDING (SMAW)

77

MMA

WELDING

78a,b

GAS

METAL ARC WELDING (GMAW)

79a,b

FLUX

CORED ARC WELDING (FCAW)

80a,b

SUBMERGED

ARC WELDING (SAW)

81a,b

GAS TUNGSTEN ARC WELDING (GTAW)/TUNGSTEN INERT GAS (TIG) WELDING

AIR 82

CARBON ARC GOUGING

PLASMA 83

ARC CUTTING (PAC)

PLASMA 84

ARC WELDING (PAW)

PLASMA 85

ARC GOUGING (PAG)

SPRAY 86

TRANSFER

EW 4-2009

– 50 –

© 2009, NEMA

Table 1

Symbol No.

SHORT 87

CIRCUITING TRANSFER

PULSE 88

TRANSFER

ARC 89

SPOT WELDING

90a,b

CONTINUOUS

WELDING (STITCH) WELDING

91a,b

INTERMITTENT

92a,b

GTAW

SPOT WELDING

GMAW 93

SPOT WELDING

CONSTANT 94

CURRENT

CONSTANT 95

VOLTAGE OR CONSTANT POTENTIAL

ELECTRODE 96

CONNECTION

WORK 97

CONNECTION

PLASMA 98

TORCH CONNECTION AND NOZZLE (POSITIVE SUPPLY)

PLASMA 99

TORCH CONNECTION TO NEGATIVE ELECTRODE

ELECTRODE 100

POSITIVE

ELECTRODE 101

NEGATIVE

SHIELDED 102

METAL ARC (SMAW) ELECTRODE HOLDER

103a,b GAS 104 SELF 105 FLUX 106 WIRE 107a,b GAS METAL ARC WELDING (GMAW) GUN
103a,b
GAS
104
SELF
105
FLUX
106
WIRE
107a,b
GAS
METAL ARC WELDING (GMAW) GUN
SHIELDED FLUX CORED ARC WELDING TORCH
CORED ARC WELDING (FCAW) GUN
FEED SPOOL GUN
TUNGSTEN ARC WELDING (GTAW) TORCH
108
AIR
CARBON ARC GOUGING ELECTRODE HOLDER
109
PLASMA
TORCH
110
MOTORIZED
GUN
111
MOTORIZED
GUN WITH FILLER WIRE SUPPLY

SUBMERGED 112

ARC TORCH

GMAW 113

GUN SWITCH/CONTROL

GTAW 114

TORCH SWITCH/CONTROL

FCAW 115

GUN WITH SWITCH

GMAW 116

GUN WITH SWITCH

GTAW 117

TORCH WITH SWITCH

VENTILATION 118

AND AIR CIRCULATING FAN

LIQUID 119

COOLING 120

COOLING 121

WITH LIQUID

COOLING 122

PUMP

123

TEMPERATURE

INDICATION

DISTURBANCE 124

125

AUTOMATIC

CYCLE

ONE 126

CYCLE

PROGRAM 127

SAVE 128

TO MEMORY

RECALL 129

FROM MEMORY

DIGITAL 130

DISPLAY

CLOCK, 131

TIME SWITCH

EW 4-2009

– 51 –

© 2009, NEMA

Table 1

Symbol No.

 

132

PERCENT

133

PROCESS

CYCLE

134

PERCENT

ON TIME

135

PULSE

136

PULSE

BACKGROUND

137

PULSE

PEAK

138

SOFT

START

139a,b

HOT

START

140

SLOPE

(INCREASING)

141

SLOPE

(DECREASING)

142

ARC

FORCE

143

HIGH

FREQUENCY (GENERAL)

144

HIGH

FREQUENCY ON – CONTINUOUS

145a,b

HIGH

FREQUENCY ON – START ONLY

146

TWO-STEP

TRIGGER OPERATION (GTAW)

147

FOUR-STEP

TRIGGER OPERATION (GTAW)

148

TWO-STEP

TRIGGER OPERATION (GMAW)

150a,b

IMPULSE TOUCH WAVE MAXIMUM MAXIMUM PURGE GAS POSTFLOW GAS POSTFLOW
IMPULSE
TOUCH
WAVE
MAXIMUM
MAXIMUM
PURGE
GAS
POSTFLOW
GAS
POSTFLOW
START (GTAW) START (GTAW) BALANCE CLEANING PENETRATION BY GAS
START (GTAW)
START (GTAW)
BALANCE
CLEANING
PENETRATION
BY GAS

INDUCTANCE

INDUCTANCE

INDUCTANCE OR INDUCTANCE

INDUCTANCE

GAS

SHIELDING GAS

STARTING

151a,b

152

153

154

155

156

157

LOW 158

MEDIUM 159

HIGH 160

VARIABLE 161

PLASMA 162

PLASMA 163

164

PILOT 165

WIRE 166

WIRE 167

WIRE 168

WIRE 169

COLD 170

COLD 171

WIRE 172

WIRE 173

WIRE 174

MELTBACK 175

TYPE

PILOT/PULSE

ARC STARTING

FEED

FEED FORWARD

FEED REVERSE

FEED INTERMITTENT (STITCH)/INTERRUPTED

JOG (INCH) TOWARD WORKPIECE

JOG (INCH) AWAY FROM WORKPIECE

FEED SLOW RUN-IN

DIAMETER

(BURNBACK)

WIRE 176

ARC 177

BURNBACK CONTROL

IGNITION BY CONTACT

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Table 1

Symbol No.

 

178

AIR

FLOW

179a,b

AIR

PRESSURE

180a,b

HOPPER

181

ARC

WELDING EQUIPMENT CARRIAGE

182

TIGHTEN

OR CLAMP

183

UNTIGHTEN

OR UNCLAMP

184

BLOWING

185

SUCTION

186

TORCH

187

OSCILLATION

188

ENGINE

OIL

189

PULL

TO STOP ENGINE

190

ENGINE

CHOKE

191

FUEL

192

ENGINE

COOLANT

193

ENGINE

COOLANT TEMPERATURE

194

BATTERY

(ENGINE)

195a,b AIR FILTER 196a,b,c ENGINE 197 ENGINE RPM 198a,b ENGINE STOP 199 GLOW PLUG 200
195a,b
AIR
FILTER
196a,b,c
ENGINE
197
ENGINE
RPM
198a,b
ENGINE
STOP
199
GLOW
PLUG
200
ENGINE
START
201
ELECTRIC
MOTOR
202
HOUR
METER
203
ELAPSED
ENGINE HOURS
204
FUEL
SHUTOFF
205
SLOW
206
FAST
207
UNLOCKED
208
LOCKED

6 How to combine graphic symbols

6.1

General

Follow the instructions in Clause 5 to determine what part is being described and how to select an existing symbol for it if one exists. Always try to use the standard symbols in Table 1 exactly as they are presented. If they do not satisfy the need, then develop a combination or composite symbol using standard symbols as described in 6.2.

A combination or composite symbol is one that is made up of one or more symbols. Composite symbols are useful when standard symbols do not provide enough information to communicate the desired information. There are some composite symbols that are listed in Clause 5. These symbols are used often and should be used in new applications whenever possible. The examples in 6.2 show how to develop composite symbols when a new symbol is required.

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6.2 Procedure to combine symbols

The procedure to combine symbols is shown by way of the example below.

EXAMPLE 1 Assume a symbol is needed to explain that a given receptacle is used for connecting a Remote Amperage Control to the power source. First, list the connection to be explained in full and then break into parts, as follows:

REMOTE AMPERAGE CONTROL

Key words: Remote, Amperage Control

Use the standard symbol for each key word from Table 1, i.e., symbols 1 and 68.

Amperage (Control):

Amperage (Control):

Remote:

Remote:

Combine the standard symbols to produce the composite.

Remote Amperage Control (Connection Point or Function):

Remote Amperage Control (Connection Point or Function): The example above shows a composite symbol being formed

The example above shows a composite symbol being formed from two standard symbols. The following examples are of a composite symbol formed from three standard symbols.

EXAMPLE 2 Remote Amperage and Voltage Control Key Words: Remote, Amperage Control, Voltage Control Apply
EXAMPLE 2
Remote Amperage and Voltage Control
Key Words: Remote, Amperage Control, Voltage Control
Apply the standard symbol from Table 1 for each key word, i.e., symbols 1, 2 and 68.
Remote:
Amperage (Control):
Voltage (Control):

Combine the symbols to form the composite symbol.

Remote Amperage and Voltage Control (Connection Point or Function):

EXAMPLE 3

High Frequency Switch

Point or Function): EXAMPLE 3 High Frequency Switch Key Words: High Frequency, Switch (with ON and

Key Words: High Frequency, Switch (with ON and OFF positions)

High Frequency:

ON

OFF

EXAMPLE 3 High Frequency Switch Key Words: High Frequency, Switch (with ON and OFF positions) High

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The composite symbol is then:

– 54 – © 2009, NEMA The composite symbol is then: The examples that follow use

The examples that follow use the same basic principles as in the above examples, but use different symbols for different purposes.

EXAMPLE 4 This grouping of symbols shows Initial Current and Weld Current for use with controls for separate functions during parts of a weld cycle. To create the symbol for Initial Current, use symbols 1 and 133 from Table 1 and proceed as follows.

Amperage (units of measure for current):

proceed as follows. Amperage (units of measure for current): Process Cycle: The two combined symbols along

Process Cycle:

Amperage (units of measure for current): Process Cycle: The two combined symbols along with a thickened

The two combined symbols along with a thickened portion of the process cycle mean Initial Current, shown as follows:

th e process cycle mean Initial Current, shown as follows: The Initial Current segment of the
th e process cycle mean Initial Current, shown as follows: The Initial Current segment of the
th e process cycle mean Initial Current, shown as follows: The Initial Current segment of the
th e process cycle mean Initial Current, shown as follows: The Initial Current segment of the

The Initial Current segment of the process cycle symbol is approximately 3 to 4 times as thick as the other segments to show clearly the portion being emphasized. The symbol for Weld Current is created in the same way as shown below.

Amperage:

Weld Process Cycle.

The two combined symbols along with a thickened portion of the Process Cycle mean Weld Current, shown as follows:

A

of the Process Cycle mean Weld Current, shown as follows: A OR A This example also

OR

Athe Process Cycle mean Weld Current, shown as follows: A OR This example also used symbols

This example also used symbols 1 and 133 from Table 1. The exact location of "A" in relation to the thickened portion can be moved slightly to accommodate nameplate space as shown. The emphasized portion again is appropriately thickened to indicate clearly the selected segment of the process cycle.

EXAMPLE 5 This grouping shows Peak (High) Pulse Time and Background (Low) Pulse Current for use with pulsing controls. Using symbols 6 and 135 from Table 1, proceed as follows to create the symbol for Peak (High) Pulse Time.

Time:

Pulse (Pulsing):

symbols 6 and 135 from Table 1, proceed as follows to create the symbol for Peak

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The two combined symbols along with a thickened portion of the pulse mean Peak (High) Pulse Time, shown as follows:

t
t

The top segment of the pulse symbol is widened to approximately 3 to 4 times the thickness of the other segments to show clearly the portion being emphasized.

EXAMPLE 6 The symbol for Background (Low) Pulse Current is created in the same way as in the example above.

Amperage:

Pulse:

in the same way as in the example above. Amperage: Pulse: The two symbols along with

The two symbols along with a thickened portion of the pulse mean Background (Low) Pulse Current, shown as follows:

A
A

This example uses symbols number 1 and 135 from Table 1. The emphasized portion again is appropriately widened to indicate clearly the selected segment of the pulse.

The example below follows the same method used in the previous examples, but for a
The example below follows the same method used in the previous examples, but for a different
purpose.
EXAMPLE 7
This example shows Fast Pulse Frequency for use on the positions of a pulse time range switch. To
create the proper symbol, proceed as follows.
Pulse (Pulsing), symbol 135:
Slow Pulse:
By suitably modifying symbol 135 from Table 1, the two symbols above now represent fast and slow pulsing. Notice the
consistent line weights, heights, and total length of both symbols. Use this procedure and apply these considerations
when creating new symbols.
The two symbols work well when used as Fast Pulse and Slow Pulse positions of a Pulse Tune Range Switch, shown
as follows:
6.3
Summary

Creating composite symbols is not difficult. It requires only simple care and precision. Always proceed according to the standard method shown in the example in 6.2 using the following guidelines:

a) write down the name for the connection or control;

b) identify the keywords;

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d) combine the standard symbols according to examples in 6.2;

e) locate symbols with controls and connection points according to examples in 6.2;

f) pay attention to line weight, height, width and position of each symbol;

g) be consistent in application and always use approved symbols from Table 1 for composites whenever possible.

symbol; g) be consistent in application and always use approved symbols from Table 1 for composites

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NOTE

A.1

Annex A (informative) Examples of Grouping of Symbols

The examples in this Annex show groupings of symbols with and without supplementary text.

Input voltage/power switch

A.2

v
v

INPUT VOLTAGE / POWER

v INPUT VOLTAGE / POWER ON OFF

ON

OFF

switch A.2 v INPUT VOLTAGE / POWER ON OFF Figure A.1 ― Input Voltage/Power Switch Use
Figure A.1 ― Input Voltage/Power Switch
Figure A.1 ― Input Voltage/Power Switch

Use of remote receptacles and selector switches

RECEPTACLE REMOTE
RECEPTACLE
REMOTE
remote receptacles and selector switches RECEPTACLE REMOTE SWITCH SWITCH     REMOTE   CURRENT

SWITCH

SWITCH

   

REMOTE

  CURRENT
 
  CURRENT

CURRENT

REMOTE

A CONTROL

    REMOTE   CURRENT REMOTE A CONTROL PANEL PANEL
    REMOTE   CURRENT REMOTE A CONTROL PANEL PANEL
PANEL PANEL

PANEL

PANEL PANEL

PANEL

Figure A.2 Use of remote receptacles and selector switches

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A.3

Weld start and stop push buttons

START

PUSHBUTTON

STOP

PUSHBUTTON

START PUSHBUTTON STOP PUSHBUTTON START STOP

STARTSTART PUSHBUTTON STOP PUSHBUTTON STOP

STOPSTART PUSHBUTTON STOP PUSHBUTTON START

Figure A.3 Weld start and stop push buttons

A.4

Panel indicator lights

DISTURBANCE (OVERLOAD, MALFUNCTION, FAULT, ETC.) V OUTPUT VOLTAGE / POWER ON TEMPERATURE LIMIT REACHED
DISTURBANCE (OVERLOAD, MALFUNCTION, FAULT, ETC.)
V
OUTPUT VOLTAGE / POWER ON
TEMPERATURE LIMIT REACHED

HFDISTURBANCE (OVERLOAD, MALFUNCTION, FAULT, ETC.) V OUTPUT VOLTAGE / POWER ON TEMPERATURE LIMIT REACHED HIGH FREQUENCY

HIGH FREQUENCY ON

Figure A.4 Panel indicator lights

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A.5

Output (contactor) switch

OUTPUT

VOLTAGE

V
V

ONOUTPUT VOLTAGE V OUTPUT VOLTAGE ALWAYS ON REMOTE OUTPUT VOLTAGE SWITCHED REMOTELY

OUTPUT VOLTAGE ALWAYS ON

REMOTE
REMOTE

REMOTE

OUTPUT VOLTAGE SWITCHED REMOTELY

Figure A.5 Output (contactor) switch

A.6Arc force control potentiometer

Output (contactor) switch A.6Arc force control potentiometer ARC FORCE Figure A.6 ― Arc force control potentiometer
Output (contactor) switch A.6Arc force control potentiometer ARC FORCE Figure A.6 ― Arc force control potentiometer
ARC FORCE
ARC FORCE
Output (contactor) switch A.6Arc force control potentiometer ARC FORCE Figure A.6 ― Arc force control potentiometer

Figure A.6 Arc force control potentiometer

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A.7

Terminals and selector switch on AC/DC welder

DO NOT SWITCH UNDER LOAD

DO NOT SWITCH UNDER LOAD ELECTRODE POSITIVE ELECTRODE NEGATIVE AC WORK CONNECTION ELECTRODE CONNECTION OUTPUT TERMINALS